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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Nutritional Composition in Boiled Broth using Anchovy, Fish Paste, Sea Tangle and Radish
Kim, So-Young ; Kwon, Sang-Hee ; Kim, Se-Na ; Kim, Jung-Bong ; Park, Hong-Ju ; Kim, Haeng-Ran ; Jo, Young-Suk ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 277~287
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.277
This study was undertaken to evaluate the change of major nutrient components in boiled broth of anchovy, fish paste, sea tangle, and radish subjected to the boiling processing. The crude protein, fat, ash, and carbohydrates in anchovy boiled broth were 0.1%, 0.04%, 0.1%, and 0% respectively as against 0.04%, 0.1%, 0.2%, and 0.4% in fish paste boiled broth. The protein content in the anchovy boiled broth, the fat and carbohydrate in the fish paste boiled broth, and the ash in the sea tangle boiled broth were high. Major components of the minerals were sodium plus potassium and the boiled broth in anchovy and fish paste had the contents of 19.41 plus 16.19 and 76.77 plus 10.41 mg, respectively. Especially, the potassium in boiled broth of the sea tangle was shown the highest content of 85.94 mg. The Vitamin B1 content in all broth samples were below 0.01 mg per 100 g edible portion. In the case of the B2 content, the anchovy boiled broth had 0.03 mg per 100 g edible portion. On the other hand, the niacin content of the boiled broth on a wet weight basis was detected at an average 0.1 mg. Vit. A, C, tocopherol, and cholesterol was not detected in the boiled broth of any of the subjects. As a result of applying the data of boiled broth in the fish paste soup instead of anchovy and sea tangle which are non-edible, the calcium, dietary fiber, and vitamin A were shown to have a difference of less than 50%.
Relationship between Preschoolers' Executive Function and Verbal Ability
Kim, Jung Min ; Kim, Jihyun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 289~300
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.289
The aims of this study are to investigate the differences of the preschoolers' executive function and verbal ability according to their age, and to identify whether the preschoolers' executive function is related to their verbal ability. The participants in this study are 151 children, ages 3-and 5-years old from five child-care centers located in a middle-income region of Seoul. Statistical methods used for the data analysis are the frequencies, means, standard deviations, an independent t-test, and Pearson correlation. The major findings are as follows. First, an age difference is found for children's executive function. The 5-year-olds are more likely to succeed on tasks of executive function than the 3-year-olds. Also, age difference is found for children's verbal ability. The 5-year-olds perform better on tests of verbal ability than the 3-year-olds. Last, the 3-year-olds' and 5-year-olds' executive function is related to their verbal ability. Inhibition and cognitive flexibility are significantly correlated with verbal ability. These results suggest that preschoolers' executive function and verbal ability develop during preschool age. These results also suggest that preschoolers' executive function is related to their verbal ability.
The Differences Between Attentional networks according to Sex and Reflection-Impulsivity In The Cognitive Style of Young Children
Kim, Hyoung Jai ; Youn, Jeong Jin ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 301~312
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.301
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between attentional networks according to sex and reflection-impulsivity in the cognitive styles of young children. The subjects of the study were 78 5-year-old children from the kindergarten or daycare center in Busan(with 40 in the reflection group, and 38 in the impulsivity group). The tests were conducted by using the Mating Familiar Test and the Attentional Network Test for young children. The study has used two independent t-tests to find out the differences between attentional networks according to sex, and reflection-impulsivity in the cognitive styles of young children. The results of this study were as follows. First, the boys with reflection cognitive style were significantly slower than the girls with the same style(t=2.18, p<.05). Second, young children with reflection cognitive style were significantly faster in the case of alerting effects than those with impulsivity cognitive style(t=-2.53, p<.05). The young children with reflection cognitive style were slower than those with impulsivity cognitive style in the case of orienting effect(t=2.04, p<.05). Children with a combination of both conflict effect and reflection cognitive style were significantly faster than those with impulsivity cognitive style(t=-2.89, p<.01). The results of the study suggested that there was a difference between attentional networks according to sex and reflection-impulsivity cognitive styles of young children.
Impulse Buying and Searching For Sources Of Information according to the Utilization of Sales Promotion in an Internet Fashion Shopping mall
Ha, Jong Kyung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 313~325
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.313
The purpose of this study is to investigate impulse buying and the searching for sources of information among males and females in their 20s by their utilization of sales promotion in an internet fashion shopping mall. The findings were as follows: First, there was a statistically significant difference in the use of sales promotion by age and gender. Second, two factors, such as a price-oriented utilization of sales promotion and a non price-oriented utilization of sales promotion were extracted from the analysis of sub factors of the utilization of sales promotion in an internet fashion shopping mall. Third, five factors, including affective impulse buying, provocative impulsive buying, situational impulse buying, reminder impulse buying, and pure impulsive buying, were extracted from the analysis of sub factors of impulse buying in an internet fashion shopping mall. Fourth, the utilization of sales promotions in an internet fashion shopping mall had statistically significant effects on the sub factors of impulse buying, provocative impulse buying, situational impulse buying, reminder impulse buying, and pure impulse buying. Fifth, the analysis of the correlation between the utilization of sales promotion and the searching for sources of information revealed that price-oriented utilization of sales promotion had a correlation with DM or text message, advice from friends or family, advice from a sales person, information from friends or colleagues, celebrity supporters on TV dramas or movies, and product commercials and information.
Consumer Preference for the Types of Labels of Cereal Products and Purchase Intention of Nutrition-labeled Products
You, So-Ye ; Park, Myeong Eun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 327~342
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.327
The purposes of this study were to explore consumer preference for the types of nutrition label of cereal products and to identify some influencing factors on purchase intention and choice probability of nutrition-labeled products. First, most of the respondents preferred the nutrition fact panel with traffic light-GDA(TL-GDA), while the nutrition fact panel only type and the nutrition fact panel with front-of-package(FOP) type were preferred by few respondents. However, consumers evaluated higher for TL-GDA type and FOP symbol type, while the nutrition fact panel only type was evaluated much lower. Second, consumer preference for label types was partially related with 'eating breakfast' and consumer evaluations of the types of labels for the nutrition fact panel only and the nutrition fact panel with FOP were found to be significantly different by gender. Lastly, both purchase intention and choice probability for nutrition-labeled products were found to be significantly influenced by information search and product attitude. In addition, choice probability was found to be significantly influenced by individual characteristics such as gender and grade. It is necessary to find the relationship between nutrition labels and consumer response as this can help consumers make a better choice of food as well as providing some useful information on consumers to the related parties such as companies and consumer organizations.
Factors Affecting Social Participation of the Elderly Living in Poverty
Lee, Sungeun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 343~354
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.343
Elderly people living in poverty are one of the most vulnerable population groups who are at risk of experiencing social exclusion. Social participation is an important contributing factor to active aging and social integration of the older adults living in poverty. This study aims to identify factors affecting social participation of the poor elderly. Data from the second wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing was used for the analyses and 1,346 poor elderly aged over 65 were analyzed. The findings showed that age, education, health status, a level of depression, financial stress, and economic activity were associated with the social participation of the elderly living in poverty. These results indicated that psychological empowerment and specific needs of the older adults living in poverty should be considered in developing services and programs to promote social participation of the poor elderly.
A Study of Experience of Sex Education, Awareness of Sexual Abuse, Sex Knowledge, and Sexual Consciousness of Children
Choi, Young Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 355~368
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.355
This research was performed for examining the differences of experience of sex education and the awareness of sexual abuse according to child's sex and economic background. Also the differences of sex knowledge and sexual consciousness were analyzed according to child's sex, economic background and sex education. Subjects were 425 children from two elementary schools and 10 community child centers in H city, Gyeonggi-do. The results were as follows. First, more girls thought the desirable place for sex education was home and more girls consulted sexual problems with their parents. Children from low economic backgrounds experienced sex education at school and community child centers rather than at home. Second, both boys and girls replied that sexual abuse was due to the attacker's fault but more girls than boys attributed the fault to themselves. Third, girls' sex knowledge grade was higher than boys. Fourth, boys showed a more open attitude toward heterosexual dating, and children with a low economic background showed a higher sex drive. Fifth, a high sex drive was related to low sexual knowledge, openness in dating and high sexual ethics.
Prevalence Rate and Indoor Risk Factors for Atopic Dermatitis in the School Aged Children in Changwon
Hong, Woi-Hyun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 369~379
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.369
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence rate of atopic dermatitis (AD) and indoor risk factors of AD in school-aged children living in Changwon, which is one of the largest industrial cities in Korean. Data were collected from 2,118 children in 12 elementary schools in Changwon city. A cross-sectional questionnaire based on the Korean Version of the ISAAC (International Study of Allergy and Asthma in Childhood) was employed to survey the
year elementary students from the 12 elementary schools in Changwon. The life time and last 12-month prevalence of itchy eczema were 20.6%; 70.5% in the elementary children. The life time and last 12-month prevalence of AD diagnosis were 28.8%; 12.6% in the elementary children. There was only one elementary school that was abnormal in the levels of particulate matters (PM), and
. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that risk factors for AD were BMI, the levels of PM,
, Ethylebenzene, and Xylene. This study could be used to manage possible risk factors that are related to the prevalence of AD and develop the strategies for prevention of AD.
The Effects of Infant Massage on Teacher-infant Interaction and Nursery Adaptation of Infants
Lee, Mi Na ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 381~390
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.381
This research is to verify the effects of infant massage on teacher-infant interaction and nursery adaptation. The subjects were 20 infants younger than one year of age, and the experimental group and the control group were randomly assigned. I developed an infant massage activity and trained an infant teacher to do it with 30-hours workshop. The massage was accomplished a total of 18 times, 3 times a week for 6 weeks. The research tools employed are the Caregiver Interaction Scale(CIS) which was developed by Arnett(1989) and employed by Kim(2009) and the Preschool Adjustment Questionaire(PAQ) which was employed by Yang(2005). They were modified and supplemented for this study to serve as a teacher rating scale. The collected data was analyzed after the experiment service through the t-verification. The results showed that the experimental group that took the infant massage scored higher than the control group in both teacher-infant interaction and nursery adaptation. Therefore, it demonstrated that infant massage has an effect on positive and permissive interaction in teacher-infant interaction and nursery adaptation.
Airflow Characteristics of Natural Air Drying for Rough Rice
Lee, Hyo-Jai ; Kim, Hoon ; Han, Jae-Woong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 391~397
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.391
This study was conducted to define the characteristics of the fan according to the bed depth of rough rice for the silo used in South Korea. In this study, the characteristics like air flow resistance and air flow rate of the fan were investigated for an independent blowing system with 1 fan and the serial blowing system with 2 fans. In the experiment, the depth of rough rice was determined by 0, 1, 2, 3.2 and 4.5 m for an independent blowing system and the depth of rough rice was 4.5 m for the serial blowing system. The air flow resistances of the blowing fan and the suction fan in an independent blowing system were 55 mmAq and 88 mmAq respectively. In addition, the air flow resistance of the serial blowing system was 61% lower than the blowing fan and 28% lower than the suction fan of the independent blowing system. The air flow rates of the blowing fan and the suction fan in the serial blowing system were 516
, respectively. The former was 22% higher than the blowing fan while the latter was 29% higher than the suction fan in the independence blowing system. In other words, the serial blowing system was superior to the independent blowing system in blowing characteristics because the air flow rate was lower and air flow resistance was higher than the independent blowing system. However, the fan power consumption of the serial blowing system was more than 100% comparing with the independent blowing system.
The Pattern Draft Factors Affecting the Silhouette of Gored Skirts in Virtual Clothing Simulation
Choi, Soon Hee ; Kim, Yeosook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 399~409
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.399
The purpose of this study is to compare how the number of panels, the amount of flare and the flare starting point affect the silhouette of the gored skirt. This study consisted of (1) creation of 3D body representations (2) comparison of silhouette between 3D virtual gored skirt and actual gored skirt by pilot experiment (3) pattern drafting of twenty-seven different gored skirts for 3D body representations (4) a computer simulation of twenty-seven different gored skirts for visualization and assessment (5) visual inspection of twenty-seven different 3D virtual gored skirts (6) comparison of ham shapes and measurements for the node and size analysis. A visual inspection of twenty-seven different 3D virtual gored skirts showed clear differences by the amount of flare and the flare starting point ; however, there was notably less difference in the width of ham among six-piece, eight-piece and ten-piece panels. This demonstrated that there was less influence on the number of panels than the amount of flare width of ham and extent of ham for the 3D virtual gored skirt.
Comparison of Dietary Status and Health Behaviors according to the Obesity in Male Workers
Rhie, Seung Gyo ; Jang, In Yong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 411~427
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2013.24.3.411
To investigate the comparison of dietary status and health behaviors according to obesity, 239 male workers were selected and classified as normal (18.5-22.9 27.2%), overweight (23-24.9, 37.7%), and obese (25-29.9, 35.2%) by body mass index (
). The SAS (ver. 9.2) program was used and verified by the chi-square and f-value methods. Drinking frequency(2-3 times a week) was higher in normal males(45.3%), but not as high as in obese males (48.1%) (p<0.001). Smoking frequency and amount were the highest in overweight males, but not-quit-smoking was high in obese males(51.9%) (p<0.001). Exercise time was longer in normal males(108 minutes) than other groups(69 overweight males, and 82 obese males (p<0.01). Obese groups(73.8%) slept well (p<0.001), but overweight males(44.4%) showed less than 6 hours of sleep (p<0.01). Meal frequency differed by group(two meals a day 67.7% in normal males (p<0.001), no-snack 65.5% in obese males(p<0.001). The frequency of eating-out was once a day in normal males (38.5%), differed in the eating-out time (lunch(45.8%) in normal males, dinner in overweight males(52.1%) and obese males(59.5%) (p<0.01). Korean food (49.3%) was selected, but noodle differed by group(10.2% normal 21.5% obese (p<0.01). Self-perception of body differed from the body's actual condition(p<0.001). For weight control, exercise(56.4%) was practiced more than diet(18.6%). Nutrition knowledge was poor (correct answer rate was 36.7% in normal males, 41.7% in overweight males, and 46.7% in obese males). For eating attitudes, obese males answered more in "flexible to change eating habits", "supplemented when poor eating"(p<0.001), normal responded in "impact on nutrition to health", "try new food for health"(p<0.01). From these results, it is evident that male workers, especially overweight ones, must work to learn more about health and nutrition so as to combat chronic diseases.