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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Effects of Maternal Behaviors and Children's Self-Control Ability on Their Subjective Well-Being
Kim, Yeong-Seon ; Lee, Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 131~145
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.2.131
This study examines the effects of maternal behaviors and children's self-control ability on their subjective well-being. Data were collected from 416 fifth- and sixth-graders residing in Kwangju, Korea. Cronbach's
and the hierarchical regression analysis method were employed for a statistical analysis. According to the results of the hierarchical multiple regression analysis, children's self-control ability best explained their subjective well-being. For individual factors, motivational self-control had the greatest effect on subjective well-being, followed by behavioral self-control, cognitive self-control, the level of income, gender, and the employment status, in that order. The results for effects of maternal behaviors and children's self-control ability on children's subjective well-being highlight. The important roles played by the mother and the child's self-control ability in improving the child's subjective well-being. The study contributes to the literature by providing fundamental insights into children's higher quality of life.
Factors Affecting Employees' Use of Family-friendly Programs
Kang, Yoo Jean ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 147~161
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.2.147
This study explores the factors influencing employees' use of family-friendly programs. Although recent years have witnessed an increasing number of family-friendly programs offered in the workplace, many studies have reported a lack of their actual use. This study considers various socio-demographic and workplace characteristics such as attitudes toward gender roles, and the perceptions of the work environment to better understand the reason behind this insufficient use. For this, data from the 2nd National Korean Family Survey in 2010 were employed. The results based on a total of 408 employees with diverse occupations indicate that among the four family-friendly programs evaluated(flexible working hours, child care, dependant care, and employee wellbeing), child care programs were most frequently provided by employers. In addition, the factors influencing employee participation in family-friendly programs were associated mainly with workplace characteristics or attitudes toward gender roles. The work environment including the employee's perceptions of how comfortable it is to accept assistance from family-friendly programs was also a key factor. Personal characteristics such as age and attitudes toward gender roles except for family needs had significant effects on employee participation in family-friendly programs. Future research should examine the effects of various environmental factors on employees' responses to family-friendly programs and investigate additional factors that can further enhance the effectiveness of such programs.
An Evaluation of the Dietary Status for Developing Assistance Programs for Daily Lives of Elderly Individuals in Rural Korea
Yoon, Jin-Sook ; Song, Min-Kyoung ; Lee, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Shin-Young ; Cho, Hee-Keum ; Choi, Yoon-Ji ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 163~173
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.2.163
This study investigates the dietary risk factors in elderly individuals in rural Korea by focusing on the development of service programs that can improve their health. The sample included 1,000 free-living elderly individuals aged 65 and over in rural Korea. A three-stage stratified random sampling method based on 2010 Korean census data was employed. Data on the dietary status and the need for assistance in meal management were collected through face-to-face interviews. The dietary status was evaluated based on the Nutrition Screening Initiative (NSI) checklist, and the outcomes for three groups classified base on their family type were examined. According to NSI scores, more than 70% of the subjects faced some nutritional risk. The activities most requiring assistance in meal management included preparing meals (18.3%) and purchasing food items (11.7%). More than half of the subjects reported that having meals at community senior centers at least once a week. The results indicate that those subjects from single-individual households were most likely to face some nutritional risk and require, assistance in purchasing food items and preparing meals. In addition, these subjects were least likely to be satisfied with their health and dietary management. To improve the dietary status of elderly individuals in rural Korea, any service programs should facilitate their daily activities by focusing on improving their diet, particularly that of those from low-income, single-individual households.
Perception of Being Overweight and Obese and the Use of Information on Food Away from Home
You, So Ye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 175~192
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.2.175
This study explores the effects of various factors on the use of nutrition information on food away from home (FAFH). Consumer groups were classified into groups according to their perception of being overweight and obese (correctly perceiving, underestimating and overestimating weight). For this, frequency analysis, a chi-square test, and an ANOVA were conducted to determine any differences between factors, and a logit analysis (SPSS 18.0) was conducted to identify those factors influencing the use of information. Information recognition, intentions to use information and the use on FAFH showed significant differences across the groups. In addition, health inspection, the perception of the intrinsic quality of restaurants, labeling, FAFH expenditure, and some individual characteristics showed significant differences between groups. The information recognition of FAFH had a significant positive effect on information use in all groups. In all groups, labeling had a significant positive effect on information use, and family health concerns had a significant positive effect on information use in the group correctly perceiving weight. The price of domestic food items, household head and household income had significant positive effects on information use in the group overestimating weight.
Interests and Behaviors of Male Soldiers and Civilians in Their Early Twenties on Cosmetics and Aesthetics
Jang, Seo Won ; Han, Kyung Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 193~205
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.2.193
This study investigates soldiers' and civilians' interest in and behaviors toward cosmetics and skin beauty. Responses to a self-administered questionnaire were collected from 150 soldiers and 156 civilians residing in Chung-chung Province, Korea. The mean age of the respondents was
. More than 90% used skin toner and lotion products, and more than 50% used sunblocks and foam cleansers. Soldiers were more likely to use essence (p<.001) and after-shave (p<.01) products than civilians. In addition, soldiers were more likely to use carrier cosmetics than their counterparts (p<.001~p<.05). Soldiers were more likely to be concerned about their skin (p<.01) and unsatisfactory environments for skin care (p<.001), more likely to engage in skin care behaviors (p<.01), and less likely to have skin knowledge than civilians (p<.001). There was a negative relationship between skin knowledge and skin care behaviors (p<.01). The level of interest in appearance was correlated with that in skin (p<.001). The number of skin related concerns was positively correlated with unsatisfactory environments for skin care (p<.001). Concerns over appearance (p<.001), skin (p<.001), and unsatisfactory environments for skin care (p<.05) were positively correlated with skin care behaviors. The results suggest the necessity of providing a diverse and differentiated range of cosmetics to meet the needs of soldiers and men, particularly the former, according to the differences in their environments.
Children's Use of Paid Content Based on Media and Monetary Concepts
Ji, Meewha ; Ryoo, Juyoun ; Ohk, Kyungyoung ; Park, Jooyung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 207~218
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.2.207
This study examines the use of paid content by children and identifies their monetary concept based on the following three research questions: (1) What are the characteristics of paid-content use by children? (2) How can the monetary concept of children be classified? (3) How does this monetary concept vary across use groups? Data were collected from 245 elementary school students. Based on the results, there were two types of media content used by children: mobile and computer content. Children were classified into four consumer groups based on the type media content use and the amount of content use. In addition, monetary concepts of children using paid content had two dimensions: money for means and that for objects. For computer users, monetary concept for conspicuous consumption and mammonism were more likely in the high-use group than in the low-use group. For mobile users, there was no significant difference in money for means and money for objects between the high-use group and the low-use group. The limitations of this study offer some interesting avenues for future research.
Mediating Effects of Academic Self-efficacy on the Relationship Between Academic Stress and the Academic Burnout of Adolescents in Korea
Yoon, Yeo-Jin ; Jung, In-Kyung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 219~232
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.2.219
This study investigate the mediating effects of academic self-efficacy on the relationship between academic stress and academic burnout of Korean adolescents. A survey was conducted using a convenient sample drawn from 850 students from nine junior high schools in Kunggi-do Province. Data were analyzed using SAS package program. The results show that many students were dissatisfied with their own academic performance. There was a significant positive relationship between academic stress and academic burnout. In particular, academic performance and studying had a significant interaction effect on academic stress. Academic self-efficacy had negative effects on academic stress and academic burnout. Academic self-efficacy partly mediated the relationship between academic stress and academic burnout. These results suggest that improving academic self-efficacy is crucial for preventing and reducing symptoms of academic stress and academic burnout. In this regard, continuous social support and efforts are needed to develop instructional strategies and educational programs that can improve the academic self-efficacy of adolescents.
A Survey of Satisfaction with Quality attributes of Meal Services for Low-income Children in Wonju
Oh, Hae Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 233~246
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.2.233
This study investigates the level of satisfaction with quality attributes of meal services for low-income children in Wonju, Korea. Based on interviews with 287 subjects (users of meal boxes: 17.4%, card users: 82.6%; boys: 48.4%, girls: 51.6%; elementary school students: 44.4%, middle school students: 33.0%, high school students: 22.6%; two parents household: 29.8%, single- or no- parent household: 70.2%) through consent from their guardians, some key characteristics of the subjects and the relationships between their characteristics and the level of their satisfaction with meal services were examined. According to the results, the level of satisfaction ranged from 54.7% to 66.0% (those respondents indicating "very good" and "good") indicated that the meals were generally acceptable. The highest level of satisfaction was for sanitation (66.0%), followed by taste (64.0%), ease of choosing preferred menu items (61.9%), a proper temperature (61.9%), a sufficient amount (60.8%), diversity (56.3%), the comfortableness of the dining area (54.7%), and sufficient nutrition (41.0%). For these eight quality aspects of meal services, users of meal boxes were more likely to be satisfied with the comfortableness of the dining area, whereas card users, with the taste and temperature of the food. The type of meal service, the attitudes toward talking to friends about supporting meals, and subjectively perceived health status had significant effects on the level of satisfaction with meal services.
The Study of Related Factors Affecting Unwed Mother's Decision on Self-nurture or Adoption of Her Child
Lee, Eyn Joo ; Choi, Kyu Reon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 247~260
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.2.247
In this study, unwed mothers residing in nine residental facilities were surveyed by questionnaires. Those facilities were selected from national welfare facilities officially registered for single-parent families in 2011. The selected facilities were two places in Seoul, six places in Gyeonggi Province and one place in Chungcheong Province. The surveyed data were analyzed by statistical methods such as frequency, percentage, one way ANOVA, chi-square test and t-test, binary logistic regression using SPSS ver.17.0 program. As a result, their decision of adoption or self-nurture on their child was significantly affected by various factors. Among pregnancy-related factors, pregnancy recognition time was significantly different between two groups. Among personal factors, their age and cognition of parental role were important factors to differentiate two groups. In the analysis related with social resources, the self-nurture group had significantly higher experience and satisfaction on welfare service and lodging & boarding service compared to those of the adoption-choice group.
Retention Factors Influencing Hanwoo Stock (broth) and Boiled Beef
Lee, Kunjong ; Kim, Honggyun ; Kwon, Yongseok ; Chung, Heajung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 261~269
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.2.261
This study evaluates the nutritional retention factors influencing beef based on different cuts and boiling. Two cuts (brisket and shin foreshank) were prepared from beef and used in this experiment. Boiling methods were applied to each cut. The fat content of the boiled shin foreshank cut (236.43%) exceeded that of the brisket cut (142.38%). The moisture content of the boiled brisket cut (47.68%) was lower than that of the shin foreshank cut (49.54%). The sodium content of the boiled shin foreshank cut (47.89%) exceeded that of the brisket cut (37.30%). The potassium content of the boiled brisket cut (41.90%) exceeded that of the shin foreshank cut (39.63%). The calcium content of the boiled brisket cut (48.43%) was lower than that off the shin foreshank cut (71.34%). The phosphorus content of the boiled brisket cut (58.09%) exceeded that of the shin foreshank cut (57.24%). The iron content of the boiled brisket cut (72.72%) was lower than that of the shin foreshank cut (87.29%). Nutritional retention factors represent output data on cooking methods with a yield (%) for each item.