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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Effects of Peer Relationship Skills on Alternative School Students' School Adjustment
Ko, Ok Ran ; Lee, Jeonghwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 289~301
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.3.289
Recent years have witnessed an increasing number of alternative school students in Korea. However, few studies have empirically examined these students' school adjustment and peer relationship skills. To address this gap in the literature, this study examines the effects of individual characteristics, family characteristics and peer relationship skills on these students' school adjustment. Four aspects of school adjustment were measured as dependent variables. These four aspects included peer relationship adjustment, relationships with teachers, school environment adjustment, and schoolwork attitude adjustment. The peer relationship skills included three components, namely initiative, mutual closeness, and order awareness. Data were collected from 323 alternative middle and high school students through a structured questionnaire. The statistical analysis methods included descriptive statistics and a hierarchical regression analysis using SPSS WIN 19.0. According to the results, peer relationship skills as well as family background characteristics, including the age of the father, the education level of the father, the family economic level, and the number of close family members, had significant effects on school adjustment. The results highlight the importance of peer relationship skills for these students' successful school adjustment and have important policy and theoretical implications.
Effects of the Attention Span Temperament, Affectionate Rearing Attitudes of Mothers and Family Support on Behavioral Problems of Children : The Mediating Effects of Self-resilience
Cho, Yun Mi ; Lee, Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 303~319
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.3.303
This study considers structural equation model and examines the-relationships between various model variables to identify the causal relationships of between the attention span temperament, affectionate rearing attitudes of mothers, and family support (individual external variables) to children's behavioral problems though self-reliance, psychological variable. According to the results, the attention span temperament had significant direct, indirect, and total effects on the externalization of behavioral problems, but affectionate rearing attitudes and family support had only significant indirect effects. Self-resilience had a significant direct effect. These results can be used as basic data to prevent behavioral problems of children and increase their self-resilience.
An Analysis of Satisfaction in the Rural Settlement of Returning Farmers
Choi, Yoon Ji ; Hwang, Jeong Im ; Shin, Hyo Yeon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 321~338
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.3.321
This study was examined the level of satisfaction in rural settlement and analyzed its differences according to various demographic variables and characteristics of urban-rural migration. The analysis was conducted by considering returning farmers residing in rural areas. A statistical analysis was conducted using t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Duncan's multiple-range test with a total of 210 responses. First, satisfaction with the convenience of living facilities varied significantly according to the occupation before urban-rural migration, responses of family members and friends to urban-rural migration, and the initial capital for urban-rural migration. Second, satisfaction with the natural environment varied significantly according to age and reasons for urban-rural migration. Third, satisfaction with the transportation environment varied significantly according to gender, the period of residence after urban-rural migration, and the employment type of the returning farmer. Fourth, satisfaction with neighborliness varied significantly according to parents' occupation, agricultural experience before urban-rural migration, experience in agriculture-related social life before urban-rural migration, reasons for urban-rural migration, the type of urban-rural migration, and the employment type of the returning farmer. Fifth, satisfaction with the agricultural environment varied significantly according to responses of family members and friends to urban-rural migration, the period of residence after urban-rural migration, and reasons for urban-rural migration. Sixth, satisfaction with the housing environment varied significantly according to the residential area, the agricultural experience before urban-rural migration, and the period of residence after urban-rural migration.
An Analysis of Married Women's Fertility Plans in Korea
Song, Yoo-Jean ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 339~347
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.3.339
This paper was examined socio-demographic characteristics influencing married women's fertility plans in Korea. Few studies have focused on fertility plans by using census data, and therefore this study employs 2010 census 2% sample data. It focuses on differential characteristics influencing not only whether women have plans for additional children but also how many additional children women plan to have. Women's age, age at marriage, employment status, number of children, and number of sons are consistently associated with their fertility plans and planned number of additional children. The educational level is positively related to plans for additional children for both men and women, and the effect weakens or disappears with an increase in the planned number of additional children. The result showing consistent positive effect of the number of sons reflects son preference in Korea. Positive effects of women's high educational attainment and employment status on fertility plans may reflect the importance of economic stability but requires further research.
Effects of Social Activity Participation and Degree the Flow on the Psychological Well-being of Korean Middle-Aged Women
Lee, Boram ; Lee, Jeonghwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 349~361
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.3.349
This study was examined the general trends in social activity participation, the flow degree, and the psychological well-being of middle-aged women in Korea and explored how psychological well-being varies according to various sociodemographic variables, social activity participation, and the flow degree. This study provided practical insights into how the psychological well-being of middle-aged women can be enhanced. Data were gathered from 302 middle-aged women between the ages of 40 and 60 by using a structural questionnaire. The statistical methods included a descriptive analysis, a t-test, and a regression analysis using SPSS WIN 18.0. According to the results of the hierarchical regression analysis, the key variables influencing the psychological well-being of middle-aged women included the flow degree in terms of social activity participation and the education level. These variables explained 30% of the psychological well-being of middle-aged women. The higher the education level and the flow degree, the stronger the psychological well-being was. Social activity participation and the flow degree had greater effects on psychological well-being than sociodemographic characteristics. In particular, an increase in the flow of social activities increased psychological well-being. This suggests a need to improve the psychological well-being of middle-aged women by providing them with an environment where they can play social roles. One way to accomplish this is by linking retraining and life-long education-related activities to employment or volunteer activities. This study demonstrates the importance of the flow degree for the psychological well-being of middle-aged women. The results have important policy and theoretical implications.
Physicochemical Properties of Korean Non-sterilized Commercial Makgeolli
Kang, Ji-Eun ; Choi, Han-Seok ; Choi, Ji-Ho ; Yeo, Soo-Hwan ; Jeong, Seok-Tae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 363~372
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.3.363
This study was examined the quality characteristics of 20 types of non-sterilized commercial Makgeolli. These samples are classified according to firm size, enterprise Makgeolli(4 samples), prize-winning Makgeolli(6) and local Makgeolli(10). The alcohol contents of Makgeolli was determinded as follows: enterprise Makgeolli(6.18%), local Makgeolli(7.11%), and award-winning( 7.87%). Enterprise Makgeolli(0.24%) showed higher total acidity than award-winning and local Makgeolli(0.21%). In addition, pH levels were as follows: local Makgeolli(3.75), award-winning Makgeolli(3.77), and enterprise Makgeolli(4.09). Enterprise Makgeolli had the lowest sugar content. According to the sensory evaluation, three grades were identified based on balance and taste(5 points). The upper grade(more than 3 points) showed a higher pH, reducing sugar, higher aminoacidity, more soluble solids, and larger color differences than other grades. There were no significant differences in the level of acidity across the grades. The alcohol and volatile acid contents of the upper grade were lower than the middle(2.0-2.9 points) and lower(under 2.0 points) grades. Further research should provide a quality analysis of leavening agents and fermentation conditions, and a sensory evaluation.
Effects of Fit-Related Factors and Clothing Evaluation Criteria on Clothing Satisfaction
Park, Sun-Mi ; An, Eun-Jeoung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 373~382
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.3.373
This study was explored the relationship of fit-related factors and, clothing evaluation criteria to clothing satisfaction. A total of 247 completed responses were obtained from a convenient sample of female students in their twenties. The statistical analysis methods included factor analysis, an ANOVA, and a multiple regression analysis. First, clothing evaluation criteria included practicality, product trait, and symbolism. Second, a comparison of clothing evaluation criteria and clothing satisfaction in groups divided by fit-related factors showed significant differences. In particular, the fat body type group showed higher level of the product trait and the thin body type group showed lower level of clothing satisfaction. The high activity group showed higher levels of clothing evaluation criteria and lower level of clothing satisfaction. Third, body type perception (-) and activity importance (-), fit-related factors, and practicality (+), clothing evaluation criterion had significant effects on clothing satisfaction. Therefore, These results suggest that fashion firms should make efficient use of fit-related factors and clothing evaluation criteria to enhance consumers' clothing satisfaction and to stimulate their purchase intention toward fashion goods.
Geometric and Mechanical Characteristics of the Boxthorn Berry
Kim, Woong ; Lee, Seung-Kee ; Cho, Sung-Ho ; Woong, Han Jae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 383~388
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.3.383
This study was examined the physical characteristics (geometry, yield strength, thousand-seeds weight, true density, and moisture content) required for mechanization-related technologies such as (harvesting, washing, transport, and drying). Large differences in the size and shape of boxthorn berries(Jangmyeong, Bullo, Chungmyeong, and Hokwang) are used to analyze these physical properties. The average diameter, volume, surface area, and sphericity rate are calculated using long and short diameters of the boxthorn berry according to its variety. Hokwang has the largest measured surface area, and Bullo, the smallest. Average yield strength is 1.78 kPa and the mechanical pressure of soft boxthorn berries is not more than 1 kPa. Bullo has the highest true density. The optimum drying time for the measurement of moisture content is 4 hours at the drying temperature of
The Relationship Between the Mother's Empathy and the Child's Prosocial Behavior: The Mediating Effect of the Child's Emotional Expression
Bae, Seon Mee ; Choi, Young Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 389~400
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.3.389
This study identified the mediating effect of the child's emotional expression on the relationship between the mother's empathy and the child's prosocial behavior. The participants included 310 mothers of children between the ages of 2 and 5 from two kindergartens and four day care centers located in Gyeonggi-do. The mother's empathy was measured using the Interpersonal Reactivity Index. The child's prosocial behavior was measured using the Preschoolers' Prosocial Behavior Index. The child's emotional expression was assessed using a questionnaire from previous research. First, older mothers and less educated mothers showed a higher level of empathy. Mothers over the age of 30 were more likely to have the ability to imagine other roles in movies or books, and to show empathic concern than those under 36. Mothers without a college degree showed a higher level of perspective-taking than those with a college degree. Second, girls were more likely to engage in prosocial behaviors and show emotional expressions than boys. Three-year-old children were more likely to share than two-year-old children, showed more initiative than two- and four-year-old children. Third, the mother's perspective-taking and empathic concern were significantly related to the child's prosocial behavior and emotional expression. The mother's personal distress was related to the child's control over emotions and awareness of other's emotion. Finally, the child's emotional expression had a mediating effect on the relationship between the mother's empathy and the child's prosocial behavior.
Changes in Residential and Dietary Environments for People in Their Seventies and Eighties in Comparison to Those in Their Forties in Rural Area (2001-2010)
Rhie, Seung Gyo ; Hwang, Jeong-Im ; Won, Hyang Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 401~415
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.3.401
To prepare for the changes in the future, this study considered people in their seventies and eighties in rural areas in the last decade. Based on a survey of rural life by the Rural Development Administration, all factors were analyzed using SAS ver. 9.3. The rate of rice farming decreased, and vegetable-cultivation increased from 8.4% in 2001 to and 26.6% in 2008 for people in their seventies and eighties. The number of family members decreased to 1.96 in 2010 from 2.04 in 2001, and annual income increased by KRW 20-29 million for those in their seventies and eighties, whereas it was more than KRW 30 million for those in their forties. Bathing with warm water increased to 88.9% from 69.8%, and household waste treated by self-incineration decreased from 86.4% to 40.0% in the last decade. Separate collection spread since 2008. Food waste disposal and the burial (46.0%) showed had for people in their seventies and eighties, and animal feed increased (50.7%) for those in their forties at 2001. The separate collection increased by 39.6% in 2010 for those in their seventies and eighties and by 53.5% for those in their forties(p<0.05). The manufacture of jang and kimchi showed were little annual changes for people in their seventies and eighties. Food storage processing was higher for those in their forties. For those in their seventies and eighties, food group intake over the 2004-2010 period increased from 3.3 times a week to 4.2 times a week for protein foods and from 4.9 times a week to 5.5 times a week for vegetables. There was no change in fruits, milk, and seaweeds for those in their seventies and eighties, but there was an increase for those in their forties. The results suggest the continued increase in the manufacture of jang and kimchi and protein and vegetable intake for those in their seventies and eighties. Some direction to welfare, mechanized rice planting and living with neighbors together would be continued with good nutrition for elderly residents.