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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Effect of Intimacy with Parents, Optimism, Learning Motivation on School Life Satisfaction in Perspective of Middle School Students
Moon, Seung-Tae ; Kim, Myeong-Hee ; Kang, Hee-Sun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 435~448
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.435
This study analyzes the differences in school life satisfaction according to middle school students' general characteristics, including their gender, grade, monthly household income, and parents' education level, and examines the effects of intimacy with parents, optimism, and learning motivation on school life satisfaction. Data were collected from 380 middle school students by using a socio-demographic questionnaire. A measurement tool for intimacy with parents, optimism, learning motivation, and school life satisfaction was used, and a frequency analysis, a t-test, a one-way ANOVA, a correlation analysis, and a path analysis were conducted. School life satisfaction showed differences in terms of middle school students grade and, parental education but there were no meaningful differences in terms of their gender and monthly household income. Intimacy with parents and optimism had direct effects on motivation; intimacy with the father and optimism had direct and indirect effects, respectively; and intimacy with the mother had an indirect effect. An increase in the level of intimacy between parents and students and an increase in the positive perception of oneself facilitated learning motivation as well as school life satisfaction.
An Analysis of Research Trends in Korean Journals on the Role of Fathers with Young Children: Research Papers from 2000 to Present
Yoon, Hye-Jin ; Hur, Young-Rim ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 449~460
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.449
This study examines research trends in Korean journal articles covering the role of fathers with young children. For this study, 45 research papers published from 2000 to present were analyzed according to research periods, research topics, research types, data collection methods, and data analysis methods. First, the largest number of papers was written since 2010. Second, the largest number of papers in terms of research topics focused on the father's child-rearing involvement and behavior. Third the most frequently used research type was the quantitative study. Fourth, the most frequently used data collection method was the questionnaire method. Fifth, the most frequently used data analysis method was the frequency and mean method. Future research should consider broader age groups of father and children by using various types of data collection and analysis methods. In addition, it should be useful to scrutinize general research trends in Korean journal articles highlighting the importance of roles of fathers with young children in a rapidly changing society.
Moderating Effects of Income on the Relationship Between Geriatric Depression and Health Satisfaction
Lee, Mee Ae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 461~471
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.461
This study explores the moderating effects of income on the relationship between geriatric depression and health satisfaction among elderly individuals in Korea. The data were obtained from public data files in the 2011 Elderly Living Condition Survey database. The sample included 9,461 cases. The results show that the factors influencing health satisfaction were geriatric depression (
=-.510, p<.001), gender (
=.123, p<.001), activities of daily living (
=-.116, p<.001), income (
=.050, p<.001), living alone (
=.044, p<.001), and the area of residence (
=.017, p<.05). Income moderated the effect of geriatric depression on health satisfaction. Noteworthy is that an increase in income slightly weakened the negative relationship between geriatric depression and health satisfaction.
Relationships among Dietary Self-Efficacy, Social Support, Depression, and Weight-control Behavior of Children and Adolescents
Son, Se Eun ; Kim, Hae Sun ; Kim, Jung Min ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 473~486
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.473
This study examines the relationships between dietary self-efficacy, social support, depression, and weight-control behavior of children and adolescents. A total of 593 students (280 children and 313 adolescents) from schools in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, Jeollabuk-do, and Daegu were surveyed using scales for dietary self-efficacy, social support, depression, and weight-control behavior. The data were analyzed through a frequency analysis, means and standard deviations, a t-test, a one-way ANOVA, the Tukey test, the Pearson's correlation, and a stepwise multiple regression analysis. According to the results, weight-control behavior was more likely in girls than boys, high-school students than elementary-school students, and obese/overweight students than normal/underweight students. The factors influencing children's weight-control behavior were general eating habits, the BMI, depression, food choice, and family support, in that order, and those influencing adolescents' weight-control behavior were general eating habits, gender, and the BMI, in that order. These results are expected to be useful as basic data for developing weight-control programs for children and adolescents.
Thermoregulatory Behaviors of Obese Children According to Temperature Change
Jeong, Woon Seon ; Lee, Hye Sang ; Park, Ung Im ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 487~494
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.487
This study investigates thermoregulatory behaviors of obese children for their thermal comfort. Nine normal-weight children (NWC) and nine obese children (OC) participated in the study. All subjects were fourth-graders and sixth-graders in elementary school. An informed consent form was obtained from each child and his or her mother. The questionnaire method was used, and the experiment was conducted to determine the preferred amount of clothing at
and the preferred temperature at
. According to the results, OC were more susceptible to heat than NWC, whereas there was no significant difference in their susceptibility to cold. There were no significant differences of the oral temperature and the mean skin temperature between the two groups, but changes in forearm blood flow were less in OC than in NWC. There was no significant difference in the preferred amount of clothing between OC and NWC, and the preferred temperature was higher in NWC than in OC. The results based on the questionnaire are consistent with those based on the experiment. A compositive study of physical exercise, eating behavior, and wearing behavior should be useful for developing programs for preventing and treating obese children.
Effects of Social Support with Adult Children and Neighbors on the Life Satisfaction of Elderly Individuals in Rural Areas: The Living Arrangement
Lee, Shin-Young ; Yoon, in-Sook ; Cho, Hee-Keum ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 495~510
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.495
This study examines the relationship between social support with adult children and neighbors on the life satisfaction of elderly individuals in rural areas. The analysis employed a sample of 764 elderly individuals residing in rural area. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, a chi-square test, a t-test, and a multiple regression analysis. First, the respondents reported moderate life satisfaction. Those respondents living alone were less likely to report life satisfaction than those with a spouse. Second, the respondents were more likely to be in contact with their neighbors than their adult children. Third, the respondents were more likely to receive social support from adult children than provide it to them. By contrast, the respondents were more likely to provide social support to neighbors than receive it from them. Fourth, economic status and contact with adult children and neighbors had signigicant effects on the life satisfaction of the respondents. Gender, religion, economic status, health status, increased contact with adult children, and instrumental support to neighbors had positive effects on the life satisfaction of elderly two-person household.
Effects of the Social Network Structure on Suicidal Thoughts of Elderly Single and Couple Households in Korea: Supportive and Conflictual Networks
Oh, Young Eun ; Lee, Jeong Hwa ; Shin, Hyo Yeon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 511~531
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.511
This study explores supportive and conflictual network structures of elderly single and couple households and analyzes the effects of supportive and conflictual networks on suicidal thoughts by gender and family type. The analysis considered a sample of 522 individuals over the age of 60 who did not live with their adult children. The statistical methods used to analyze data were descriptive statistics, a t-test, a chi-square test and a regression analysis using SPSS WIN 20.0. The results are as follows. First, men and elderly single households had support networks that were smaller than those of women and elderly couple households. The conflictual network of elderly couples households was larger than that of elderly single households. In addition, the larger the network, the more the conflictual was. Second, elderly single households thought about suicide more often than elderly couple households. Third, economic status, the number of adult children, the size of conflictual network and subjective health had considerable influence on suicidal thoughts of elderly single and couple households. The size of the conflictual network had a greater effect on suicidal thoughts of elderly individuals than that of the supportive network. These results have important policy implications for elderly single and couple households.
Perceptions and Practices for Core Action Message on Green Dietary Life: The Case of Homemakers in Ulsan, Korea
Ha, Tae Jeong ; Park, Dong-Yean ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 533~548
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.533
The Ministry for Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs developed a program called "Core Action Massages for Green Dietary Life" to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption and improve health. This study examines the degree of perceptions and practices with respect to these massages by considering a sample of 245 homemakers in Ulsan, Korea. The questionnaire consisted of questions about perceptions and practices of Core Action Massage and its three parts of detailed massages:
. The data were analyzed with cross tabulation analysis, Tukey analysis after ANOVA. The score of agreement to Core Action Massage was 4.57(range 1-5). The score of perception about
showed significant differences in age(p<0.01) and income(p<0.05). The score of perception about
showed significant differences in age(p<0.05). The score of practicing
showed significant differences in age(0.001), education(0.01), housing style(p<0.01), and region(0.01). The score of practicing
showed significant differences in age(p<0.001), education(0.05), and region(0.05). The frequency of practices for
was low. As to the results of the study, education on green dietary life must be provided to homemakers, especially young homemakers. Opportunities to experience of farming to appreciate others' efforts to obtain food should also be provided.
An Evaluation of Factors Influencing the Thermal Insulation and Evaporative Resistance of a Waterproof and Breathable Garment System
Shim, Huen sup ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 549~556
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.549
This study evaluates the thermal insulation and evaporative resistance of a waterproof and breathable garment system and determines the factors influencing its thermal performance. The experimental garments were composed of underwear (shirts with 100% wool and 100% polyester) and outerwear (jackets and pants with a vapor-permeable membrane and a vapor-impermeable membrane). Data on clothing insulation in a dry condition (
) and a wet condition (
, 40% R.H.), evaporative resistance (
, 40% R.H., and
, 40% R.H.), and microclimate vapor pressure were collected and analyzed. According to the results, the thermal insulation of the experimental garment system ranged 1.27~1.40 in the dry condition and 0.40~0.89 in the wet condition at
. Evaporative resistance ranged
. A decrease in thermal insulation by wetting underwear ranged 31~67% in the cold condition (
). The breathability of the outer garment influenced the decrease in thermal insulation by wetting. The type of underwear fiber influenced the decrease in thermal insulation only when it was used with breathable outerwear. The vapor-permeable outerwear sample with polyester underwear (P_Perm) showed a larger decrease in insulation than that with wool (W_Perm). The evaporative resistance of the vapor-permeable ensemble showed no effect of underwear in the warm condition (
), but polyester underwear showed lower evaporative resistance than wool in the cold condition (
). The vapor-impermeable ensemble showed no difference in evaporative resistance between polyester underwear and wool underwear in both conditions. Future research should consider various clothing ensemble combinations and environmental conditions and evaluate wear comfort by using human subjects.
A Draft Proposal for Functional Pesticide Protection Clothing Using a Cooling Blower Unit
Oh, Young Soon ; Lee, Kyung Suk ; Chae, Hye Seon ; Kim, Kyung Ran ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 557~566
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.557
This study examines he trend in the development of protective clothing for pesticide spraying based on materials with domestic patents and proposes pesticide protection clothing using a cooling blower unit effective for reducing heat stress in pesticide spraying. There was a total of 54 domestic patents on protective clothing related to pesticide spraying, reflecting a sharp increase based on the increasing demand for protective clothing since 2000. Protective clothing with a lower level of heat stress as the core technology accounted for 35.2% of these patents, and recent years have witnessed the increased development of protective clothing supplying cold air to the interior of the clothing through a separate device. However, this may cause some inconvenience in the activity of farmers. Therefore, this study proposes a lightweight cooling blower unit that does not hinder the user's appearance and activity. In the cooling blower unit, contaminated air from outside is purified through a filter and cools down as it passes a cooling device with refrigerant in the copper pipe. This chilled air is supplied to the interior of the clothing through a bidirectional inhaling blower. The proposed protective clothing is an overall with raglan sleeves. Its chill injection site has an area where the most conspicuous change in temperature is selected, and at the back, there is a large pocket for a cooling blower unit.
A Comparison of Determinants of Housing Satisfaction Between Rural and Urban Areas
Hwang, Jeong Im ; Choi, Yoon Ji ; Park, Jin Woo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 567~579
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.567
Housing environments of individuals and families can have considerable influence on their quality of life. This study examines the factors influencing housing satisfaction and compares them between rural and urban areas. A total of 3,958 households collected from a nationwide survey were analyzed using an ordered probit model. The results indicate that housing satisfaction was influenced by individual, housing, and neighborhood attributes. The factors that differentiated between rural and urban models were sex, housing type, and relationships with neighbors. The results have important policy issues for improving rural housing.
An Analysis of Food Purchase Accessibility and Availability for Rural Households : The Cases of Bibong-myeon and Maesong-myeon, Hwaseong-si
Lee, Chang-Hyun ; Lee, Sang-Eun ; Jang, Mi-Jin ; Choe, Jeong-Sook ; Park, Young-Hee ; Kim, Young ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 581~600
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.581
This study examines the relationship between food purchase accessibility for 86 homemakers and that for 42 grocery stores. The Study area included Bibong-myeon and Maesong-myeon, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do, to represent a rural area. The analysis classified three regions (residence, outside of residence, and other areas) and seven types of grocery stores (LDS, CS, NCS, CC, NCC, TM, and other). The expansion of the area range increased the availability of food items and the accessibility of large-scale grocery stores as well as those for food procurement. The respondents had difficulty preparing family meals and buying food items because of a lack of food item variety and the small scale of grocery stores. In particular, fresh meat, fruits, and fish were difficult to purchase, causing some nutritional imbalance. These results suggest a need to develop meal composition samples and programs that can actively encourage the intake of meat and fish products with a diet based in self-produced vegetables for better dietary behaviors.
Physicochemical, Microbial, and Sensory Properties of Yogurt with Ulmus davidiana var. japonica During Storage
Ahn, Joungjwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 601~608
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.601
This study evaluates changes in yogurt with Ulmus davidiana var. japonica (U. davidiana) in terms of its physicochemical, microbial, and sensory properties during storage. The pH value and mean microbial counts of this yogurt with 0.2 to 0.8% of U. davidiana added ranged from 4.1 to 4.3 and from
, respectively, during storage at
for 16 d. In terms of its color, the L value was significantly higher in the control and U. davidiana yogurt 0.2 to 0.4% up to 4 d, than other yogurt samples, and the b value was influenced by the addition of U. davidiana over 0.6% throughout the storage. According to a sensory test, there was a significant difference in the yellowness score between U. davidiana yogurt and the control, but earthy, and bitterness, and viscosity scores were similar. Overall acceptability was not significantly influenced after 8 d of storage in all yogurt samples, including the control. According to these results, concentrations (0.2 and 0.4%) of U. davidiana yogurt had no significantly adverse effects on its physicochemical, microbial, and sensory properties.
Effects of Parenting Styles of Mothers of Three-Year-old Children Characteristics of Parents on the Mother's Parenting Stress
Kim, Ok Ju ; Kim, Jung Ju ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 609~617
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.609
This study investigates the relationships between the parenting stress of mothers of three-year-old children, and parenting styles of these mothers, and characteristics of parents to analyze relevant variables influencing parenting stress. Data on a total of 1,704 mothers from the 2011 Korean Children Panel Survey of the Child-Care Policy Research Institute were analysed. First, the parenting stress of mothers of three-year-old children was negatively correlated with parenting style, marital conflict, and husband's cooperation, but positively correlated with their marital conflict. Second, the positive parenting style had the greatest effect on the parenting stress of mothers of three-year-old children, followed by marital conflict. These results demonstrate that parents' positive parenting style and harmony education and social support for the parenting stress of mothers of three-year-old children.
The Influence of Children's Independent Picture Book Reading on Reading Activity: The Effect of Mother-children Interaction
Kim, Young Hee ; Park, Ji Hyun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 619~628
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.619
This study analyzes whether children's independent picture book reading affects their reading activities and whether the mother-child interaction during this reading improves their reading activities. The study provides basic data and policy implications for developing children's reading ability. Data were collected from a sample of 192 children aged 4 and 5 in Seoul and Anseong, where a survey of their mothers as well as their nursery school teachers was conducted. Variables of interest were analyzed through a correlation analysis and a hierarchical regression analysis, First, children's reading recognized by their mothers was bipolarized as "very high" or "very low". Second, children's reading activity had a significant positive relationship with independent reading, indicating that children active in independent reading were likely to develop their, reading ability. Third, in addition to independent reading, the mother-child interaction had a significant positive effect on children's-reading ability, indicating the importance of the mother's role in developing the child's reading ability.
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) in the Piglet Liver
Ahn, Yun Gyong ; Lee, Kyu Keon ; Shin, Jeoung Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 629~636
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2014.25.4.629
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) as flame-retardant additives have been used in a wide array of products, including building materials, electronics, furnishings, motor vehicles, airplanes, plastics, polyurethane foams, and textiles. They are structurally similar to PCBs and other polyhalogenated compounds. PBDEs are found in a variety of foods, and 95% of all human exposure to POPs comes from food. The major food sources are fish/seafood and dairy products. A number of studies have reported high levels of PBDEs in animals, increasing the public's concern over PBDE levels in animals. This study evaluates the relationship between the level of PBDEs according to piglet diseases. Salmonella spp. and Streptococcus are bacterial diseases. Porcine respiratory reproductive syndrome (PRRS) is a viral disease. The concentration of PBDEs in the piglet liver from viral diseases was higher than that from bacterial diseases. BDE-47 and BDE-99 were detected in most samples. More PBDEs were detected in the piglet liver from PRRS of North American type than from that of European type.