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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Nov 2015
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Aug 2015
Volume 26, Issue 2 - May 2015
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
The Need for, Satisfaction with, and Availability of Local Healthcare Services for Elderly Individuals Receiving Home-Care Services
Kim, Mi-Ra ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Kwak, Yeun-Hee ; Kim, Yoon-Jung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 5~18
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.5
This descriptive study investigates the need for, satisfaction with, and availability of local healthcare services for elderly individuals. The subjects included 210 individuals aged 65 years over, and data were analyzed using SPSS. The subjects reported the limited availability of local healthcare services but a high level of satisfaction with and a strong need for these services. The subjects used these services mainly for their vaccination and perceived cost-effectiveness as the most important factor motivating their decision to use these services and a lack of publicity as the most important factor discouraging their use. Spouses, jobs, and health conditions showed significant differences in the level of satisfaction and availability, and diseases showed significant differences only in the need. These results suggest that local healthcare centers should provide services that many elderly patients can use through outreach services, connections to local communities, and active publicity instead of expanding service types.
Adult Children's Perception of Types of Relationships with Elderly Parents
An, Jeong-Shin ; Mun, Jung-Hee ; Jeong, Yeo-Jin ; Chong, Young-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 19~38
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.19
This study explores the types of relationships between 410 adult children and their elderly parents based of exchange theory and the Konstanz model. In terms of the exchange of emotional, instrumental, and economic support based on exchange theory, the types of relationships identified included "support offers," "reciprocity," and "support benefits." In terms of conflict, intimacy, support offers, support benefits, and support obligations for adult children based on the Konstanz model, the type of relationships with the father included "an intimate exchange," "conflictual distance," "a conflictual sense of duty," and "a flexible exchange." The type of relationships with the mother included "an intimate exchange," "conflictual distance," "separate distance," and "a conflictual offer." There were no distinct characteristics of relationship types based on exchange theory. However, there were differences in characteristics of relation types based on the Konstanz model by gender. These results have important implications with respect to the Western model.
New Employees' Dietary Attitudes, Nutrition Knowledge, and Food Preferences in Gyeonggi Area
Jun, Miran ; Rhie, Seung Gyo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 39~49
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.39
This study evaluates nutrition knowledge, dietary behaviors and food group acceptability based on a sample of 514 of new employees in Gyeonggi area. Among the respondents, 70.6% of male, and their age was 30.7 Most were college graduates (94.9%) and unmarried (86.3%). Based on the BMI males tended to be overweight, whereas females, normal. In terms of health consciousness based on five-point Likert-type scale, the average score for the health status was 4.18 indicating good health, and health attention was 4.88 indicating high health attention. Dietary behaviors were evaluated using five-point Likert-type scale. According to the results, the total score for regular diet based on 5 items was 9.6; that for a balanced diet based on 7 items was 22.2; and that for practical diet action based on 8 items was 22.3. That is, the respondents were on an irregular diet but tried to balanced diet through appropriate diet action. Food acceptability was evaluated using a five-point Likert scale ranging from "strongly dislike(1)" to "strongly like(5)". The score of meat group was 3.67; that for the fish 3.43; and that for the vegetable group was 2.86. Females were slightly more like to accept fruits 3.60 than males 3.48;(p<0.05). The total score for nutrition knowledge based on 35 items was 20.5. A balanced diet was correlated with egg acceptability (p<0.01); energy-related knowledge with confectionery preferences (p<0.05); and vitamin knowledge, with snack affinity (p<0.05). Health attention was negatively correlated with seafood preferences for male(p<0.05) and with snacks for females(p<0.05). The respondents were strongly interested in and aware of their health, but this did not lead to their food preferences. These results suggests that dietary habits can lead to nutritional balance for maintaining the health of employees.
Validation of the Gerotranscendence Scale of Erikson's 9
An, Jeong-Shin ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 51~61
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.51
This study introduces the possibility of the
stage by Joan Erikson by adding Erikson's original theory of the
stage and validates the gerotranscendece scale in later life. For this, 10 items from Erikson's scale was examined and the relationships among gerotranscendence, ego-integrity, and wisdom were examined using a sample of 244 elderly individuals over the age of 60. According to the results, the measurement of gerotranscendence based on Erikson was applicable to the Korean sample. In addition, ego-integrity and wisdom influenced gerotranscendence in later life. Based on these results, the validity of gerotranscedence, psychosocial development in the
stage, discussed and the utility of Erikson's theory is emphasized.
Food Allergy Perception Providing Safe Meals : Food and Nutrition and Childhood Education Students
Choi, Jung Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 63~74
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.63
A food allergy is described an adverse immunological reaction to a food item. It is increasingly common problem among infants, children, teenagers, and adults worldwide. This study examines food allergy knowledge, attitudes, practices, and health consciousness among college students studying food and nutrition and childhood education. A total of 235 food and nutrition and childhood education college students participated in the survey. According to the results, 41.3% of the respondents were aware of legal obligations associated labeling food items for food allergy; 14.0% were diagnosed with food allergy by their doctor; and 10.2% knew about food allergy symptoms. Food and nutrition students were more knowledgeable than childhood education students. The mean for food allergy attitudes was 4.22, and the score for food and nutrition students was higher than that for childhood education students. The mean for food allergy behaviors was 2.16, and the score of food and nutrition students was higher than that of childhood education students. The importance of food allergens was significantly higher than performance. These results suggest that, to improve the management of food allergies in foodservice operations, education programs regarding food allergies should be provided food and nutrition and childhood education students.
An Impact Analysis of FMD News on Pork Demand in Korea
Gim, Uhn-Soon ; Choi, Se-Hyun ; Cho, Jae-Hwan ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 75~85
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.75
This study investigates the impact of livestock diseases, including FMD(foot-and-mouth disease) and MCD(mad-cow disease), on pork demand in Korea. TV news stories about the livestock diseases were considered as negative advertising, and therefore the carry-over effect of negative advertising was combined with the pork demand model in conjunction with an exponential distributed lag function. The asymmetry hypothesis was imposed, however it was accepted that demand response does not show different sensitivities to increases and decreases in the livestock disease news. FMD news had a negative effect on pork demand, whereas MCD news had a positive effect, yet FMD news had a greater effect on pork demand than MCD news. The pork demand elasticity estimates for FMD and MCD news were -0.0071 and 0.0028, respectively. The cross-elasticity of the imported beef price to pork demand was highly inelastic, but it was elastic during the beef import embargo.
Structural Relationships between Ecotourism Village Visitors' Motivation, Value, Satisfaction, and Loyalty
Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Sun-Min ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 87~102
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.87
This study examines the structural relationships between ecotourism village visitors' motivation, value, satisfaction, and loyalty. A self-administered survey was conducted based on 254 visitors to six ecotourism villages. According to the confirmatory factor analysis, there were four underlying dimensions of motivation (relaxation, adventure, nature experience, and learning) and on underlying dimension of value (tourism). According to structural equation modeling, relaxation had a positive effect on economic value, and relaxation and learning had positive effects of functional value. Relaxation had a positive effect on social value. Economic, emotional, and social value had positive effects on ecotourism village visitors' satisfaction, and economic value had the greatest effect on satisfaction. Satisfaction had a positive effect on destination loyalty. The results imply that economic, emotional, and social value played important mediating roles in the relationship between motivation and satisfaction.
Effects of Korean and Chinese Crataegi Fructrus on the Antioxidant Activity and Antiproliferation of Cancer Cells
Park, Yonghyun ; Lee, Hyun-Joo ; Lee, Jae-Joon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 103~113
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.103
This study examines the effects of Korean Crataegi fructrus(KCF) and Chinese Crataegi fructrus(CCF) on the antioxidative activity and antiproliferation of human cancer cells(HCT-116 human colon, Hep G2 human liver, and A549 human lung cancer cells). The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents, and antioxidative index of the Crataegi fructrus ethanol extracts were significantly higher in KCF than in CCF. The DPPH radical-scavenging activity of the KCF ethanol extract was 82.26%(1000 ppm), and that of the CCF ethanol extract was 77.64%. Antiproliferation effects of 80% ethanol extracts of KCF and CCF on human cancer cells(HCT-116, Hep G2 and A549) increased in a dose-dependent manner. Inhibitory effects of KFC on HCT-116 and A549 cells were greater than those of CCF. The results suggest that ethanol extracts of Crataegi fructrus have antioxidative and hyperplasia inhibition effects on human cancer cells.
A Comparative Study of Clothes-Wearing Behaviors According to Differences in Indoor Heating Systems and Cold Sensitivity
Zhang, Chong ; Jun, Dae Geun ; Jeong, Woon Seon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 115~126
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.115
The study investigates the clothes-wearing behaviors of female college students based on differences in indoor heating systems and cold sensitivity. The respondents included a total of 281 female college students living in South Korea and China. Data were analyzed through an ANOVA and, a paired t-test based on SPSS 21.0. Korean students were less dependent on winter clothing than Chinese students for the whole body parts except for the trunk. Korean students were more likely to feel coldness more but wore less clothing. Korean students' clothes-wearing behaviors with respect to coldness depended on the indoor heating system. Korean students tended to buy warmer clothing, although they preferred not to wear undergarments and tended to wear and to wear less winter clothing. Chinese students showed more active clothes-wearing behaviors to keep their feet warm. Finally, groups divided by indoor heating systems and cold sensitivity showed different clothes-wearing behaviors in comparison to those groups based only on indoor heating systems. Even in similar weather conditions, clothes-wearing behaviors for cold adaptation depended on the indoor heating systems and cold sensitivity. The results suggest that this perspective should be taken into consideration when evaluating clothes-wearing behaviors of certain groups or individuals.
Effects of Fermented Liquid Dough on Bread Quality
Chung, Yoon-Kyung ; Jang, Dae-Hoon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 127~133
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.127
This study identifies the factors improving bread quality by using fermented liquid dough. Fermented liquid dough, the main part of bread dough, contains yeasts that are prepared in order to enhance the fermentation rate. This study investigates the fermentation rate after mixing dough, the pH of dough, loaf volume, water activity, hardness, and sensory properties of loaf bread samples with different amounts of fermented liquid dough. The fermentation rate was slightly higher in the bread samples, the control dough and 10% fermented liquid dough, than in samples with more than 20% dough. The pH values of dough decreased with an increase in the content of fermented liquid dough. The loaf volume of bread with 10% fermented liquid dough was the highest. The water activity of loaf bread increased with an increase in amount of fermented liquid dough. For the sensory evaluation of loaf bread, adding 10% fermented liquid dough improved the loaf volume and evenness of baking. These results suggest that 10% fermented liquid dough increased the fermentation rate and bread quality. Further research is required to enhance internal quality characteristics of loaf bread, including taste and flavor.
Rheological Properties of Bread Containing Lotus Leaf Powder
Lee, Hyun-Joo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 135~143
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.135
This study investigates the rheological properties of bread containing lotus leaf powder, added to the bread bases at 1%, 2%, and 3% concentrations. Physical properties of bread with lotus leaf powder were tested using the rapid viscoanalyzer (RVA), a farinogram, an alveogram, and a rheofermentometer. The initial pasting temperature increased with an increase in lotus leaf powder, whereas peak viscosity and, the peak time decreased. According to the farinogram test, consistency and water absorption increased with an increase in the ratio of lotus leaf powder. The p value of the alveogram increased with an increase in lotus leaf powder, whereas L and G values decreased. The fermentation time of the dough increased with an increase in the ratio of lotus leaf powder. The results suggest the potential development of bread containing functional ingredient such as lotus leaf powder based on the rheological properties identified in this study.
Effects of Evaluation Criteria for Natural Cosmetics on Purchase and Word-of-mouth Intentions according to the LOHAS Class
Kim, Soon Sim ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 145~154
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.145
This study examines the effects of evaluation criteria for natural cosmetics on purchase and word-of-mouth intentions according to the LOHAS class. A survey was conducted from Feb. 2 to 17, 2013 and a total of 410 responses were analyzed using SPSS 18.0. The results of this study are described below. First, evaluation criteria for natural cosmetics had four dimensions - practical, aesthetic, promotional, and social criteria. Second, for the upper LOHAS class, all four dimensions of evaluation criteria for natural cosmetics were important relative to the middle and lower classes. Third, for the upper and middle LOHAS classes, purchase intentions were influenced by practical criteria. However, evaluation criteria had no effect for the lower LOHAS class. Fourth, the upper LOHAS class considered practical criteria, the middle LOHAS class considered practical and social criteria, and the lower LOHAS class considered aesthetic criteria, As a result, word-of-mouth intentions were influenced by evaluation criteria for natural cosmetics.
Study on Middle School Student's Perception of School Violence after Preventive Education
Kim, Mi Won ; Park, Ok Im ; Kim, Jin Hee ; Park, Joon Sup ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 155~166
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.155
This thesis attempts to provide a foundation for effective preventative education of middle school students regarding school violence after identifying the level of perception of school violence as well as analyzing perception of preventive education among students. The study compiled data on 474 middle school students from middle schools in Jeollanamdo. The findings of the study are as follows. First, most of the students were aware of the necessity for preventive education regarding school violence. By gender, girls and those of lower grades showed great class participation and satisfaction. Second, research on the preventive education found differences in the seriousness of school violence according to school location. Fourth, preventive education conducted once or twice a month was the most desirable condition for middle school students. As a result, schools should consider gender differences and grade level when, developing an education program in order to prevent school violence.
A Comparative Analysis of Salt-Related Dietary Patterns According to the Sodium Intake of College Students in Busan
Lee, Sang Hee ; Ryu, Ho Kyung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 167~176
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.167
This study compares salt-related dietary patterns according to sodium intake. A survey was conducted with 257 college students(130 male and 127 female students) in the Busan area. Dish Frequency Questionnaire 70(DFQ 70) was used to quantitatively estimate sodium intake. A short dish frequency questionnaire(DFQ 15) was used to screen subjects with high or low- salt intake. The sodium intake of male students based on DFQ 70 was significantly higher than that of female students(p<0.05). Sodium intake has significant negative effects on systolic and diastolic blood pressure(p<0.05). In the high-salt intake(HS) group, classified by DFQ 15, the number of male students was significantly higher than that of female students(p<0.01). The systolic blood pressure of the HS group was significantly higher than that of the low-salt intake(LS) group(p<0.05). Salt-related dietary behavior score and eating habit score for the HS group were significantly higher than those for the LS group(p<0.01). The sodium intake of the HS group based on DFQ 70 was significantly higher than that of the LS group(p<0.01). In these results, college students in Busan area showed high blood pressure and high sodium intake compared to Korean DRIs. The results indicate a need for various education programs to help college students practice a low-sodium diet.
Effects of Economic Factors on Happiness: Moderating Effects of Financial Management
Park, Jooyung ; Song, Kyechung ; Oh, Segu ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 177~189
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.177
This study investigates the effects of economic factors on happiness in terms of life satisfaction, one of the most important goals in human life, and examines the moderating role of financial management in the effect of financial stress. Data were collected total 341 individuals in Daejeon, Korea(235 college students and 105 women). The factors influencing life satisfaction were analyzed multiple regression analysis. Effects of moderating variables were tested hierarchical regression analysis. Subjective financial stress was related to both individualistic happiness and collectivistic happiness, whereas objective financial stress had a negative effect only on collectivistic happiness. Financial management (specifically control of expenditure behaviors) had positive effects on both individualistic happiness and collectivistic happiness. Financial management moderated the relationship between financial stress and happiness. The results have important implications.
Differences in Retirement Preparation and Asset Type in the Elderly Life of Employees in Their Forties and Fifties
Kim, Hyang Sook ; Park, Myung Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 191~206
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.1.191
This study investigates the differences in retirement preparation and asset type in the elderly life of employees in their forties and fifties. Retirement preparation showed a score of 3.30, and the emotional preparation dimension of retirement preparations showed a slightly higher score. The retention of guarantee assets(insurance and, national pension) scored higher than other types of assets. There was a high correlation between economic preparation and the type of asset retention. According to the hierarchical regression analysis, economic preparation, monthly income, home ownership, and the education level had significant effects on assets retention, and the explanatory power of these independent variables was 39.7%.