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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Nov 2015
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Aug 2015
Volume 26, Issue 2 - May 2015
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Changes in the Nutrition Status of Elderly Females in Health Promotion Programs of Health Centers in Chungbuk Province
Kim, Myoung-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 225~236
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.225
Materials for nutrition education to promote nutrition intake and prevent diseases in elderly individuals were developed, nutrition education was provided to 46 elderly females for 12 weeks, and its effects on the body composition, blood profile, and nutritional quality of subjects were qualitatively analyzed. After the education program, the weight of subjects decreased from 56.7 kg to 56.0 kg (p<0.001), their body fat dropped from 20.8 kg to 19.6 kg (p<0.01), their body mass index (BMI) declined from
(p<0.01), and their percentage of body fat decreased significantly (p<0.05). On the other hand, blood sugar showed a significant increase from 131.6 mg/dl to 141.8 mg/dl (p<0.05). Overall, the percentage of nutrition intake rose. In particular, the estimated energy requirement increased from 89.3% to 99.5% (p<0.05). Further, the contrast ratio of recommended intake showed significant increases in protein (p<0.01), phosphorus (p<0.05), vitamin
(p<0.05), and niacin(p<0.001), and that of adequate intake showed a significant increase in sodium (p<0.05). The nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR) showed a significant increase only in niacin (p<0.05), and the index of nutritional quality (INQ) showed significant increases in protein (p<0.05) and niacin (p<0.001). After the nutrition education program, a qualitative analysis of nutrients consumed by subjects was conducted. The results show improvements across the board except for the deficient intake of calcium and folic acid, suggesting that the nutrition status of subjects changed in a positive direction through the program. The implementation of this program for elderly individuals in a continuous and repetitive manner is expected to facilitate their nutrition management.
Effects of Late School-Aged Children`s Perception of the Mother`s Response to Negative Emotions and Ego Resilience on their Life Satisfaction
Lee, Sang Hui ; Lee, Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 237~248
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.237
This study examines the effects of late school-aged children`s perception of their mother`s responses to negative emotions and their ego resilience on their life satisfaction. Data were collected from 390 fifth- and sixth-graders residing in Kwangju, Korea. With the data, frequency, percentages, and Cronbach`s
were calculated. Pearson`s product moment correlation coefficients and hierarchical regression analyses were also considered. The effects of various variables on life satisfaction were analyzed, and according to the results, vitality had the greatest effect on life satisfaction, followed by vitality, optimism, emotional coaching responses, interpersonal relationships, emotion-reducing responses, emotion control, and the material employment status, in that order. The study contributes to the literature by providing additional insights into the mother`s desirable responses to children`s negative emotions and highlighting the importance of positive ego resilience in children`s life satisfaction through the elucidation of effects of late school-aged children`s perception of their mother`s responses to negative emotions and their ego resilience on their life satisfaction.
Effects of Parental Leadership and Verbal Control Modes on Preschool Children`s Leadership
Jang, Young Ae ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 249~259
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.249
This study examines the effects of parental leadership and verbal control modes on preschool children`s leadership. The sample included 202 children between the ages of 4 and 5 and their mothers, and data were collected using an index of parental leadership, an index of parental verbal control, and an inventory of preschool children`s leadership. A statistical analysis was conducted using a t-test, a correlation analysis, and a multiple regression analysis. According to the results, there were significant differences in preschool children`s leadership according to the child`s age. According to a correlation analysis, parental leadership and verbal person-oriented control modes had significant positive correlations with preschool children`s leadership, and imperative control and position-oriented control modes had negative correlations. In addition, parental leadership and verbal control modes were significant predictors of preschool children`s leadership. In particular, parents` communication skill, relationship skill, group activity skill, person-oriented control mode, and position-oriented control mode were significant predictors of preschool children`s leadership.
Effects of a Juice Diet Including a Lipid Improvement Program and Program Attendance on the Korean Serum Lipid Profile
You, Kyung Yi ; Yun, Mi Eun ; Lee, Kyoung Soon ; Kim, Sin Seop ; Yim, Jong Eun ; Chun, Sung Soo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 261~274
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.261
Although fasting programs have recently attracted close attention because of benefits of detoxification, few studies have examined these programs. This study investigates the effects of a modified juice-based fasting program on lipid metabolism. A total of 33 volunteers fasted for 10 days and participated in program lectures, exercise programs, water bath regimens, and enemas. Pre- and post-program blood samples were obtained to evaluate lipoprotein levels. A paired t-test was conducted using SPSS 18.0. Changes in the lipid profile were observed during the juice-based fasting program and attending 3 degrees. All lipid profiles decreased significantly, including total cholesterol (TC) (p<0.001), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (p<0.05). Program participation was documented by assessing attendance levels as high, moderate, and low. TC decreased significantly in all programs and levels (p<0.05), TG decreased proportionally only in enemas according to the attending degree: high (48 %), moderate (20 %), and low (10 %). HDL-C decreased at all low levels, but moderate exercise (
) and a high enema (
) showed small increases. The antioxidant property of the juice-based fasting program in terms of the blood vessel, enemas, and exercise played an important role in preventing cardiovascular disease from increased levels of HDL-C. These results suggest that juice-based fasting and combined lifestyle programs may help improve lipid metabolism and protect against dyslipidemia.
Effects of Parental Attachment on Peer Relationships and Mediating Effects of Elementary School Students` Self-Control Ability
Choil, Yun Si ; Park, Ung Im ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 275~286
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.275
This study investigates the effects of elementary school students` parental attachment and self-control on their peer relationships and the mediating effect of their self-control ability on the relationship between their parental attachment and peer relationships. A total of 490 fifth- and sixth-graders in Andong City were surveyed. Data were collected using a questionnaire for their parental attachment, self-control ability, and peer relationships and analyzed using the t-test, Pearson`s correlation analysis, the hierarchical regression analysis, and the Sobel test. The results indicate significant differences in parental attachment, self-control ability, and peer relationships according to gender. Parental attachment was significantly correlated with emotional control ability and behavioral control ability, and there were significant correlations between parental attachment and peer relationships and between self-control ability and peer relationships. Parental attachment had a significant direct effect on peer relationships, and self-control ability mediated the relationship between parental attachment and peer relationships.
Dietary and Health Behaviors and Nutrition Education Environments of High School Students in Gwangmyeong, Gyeonggi Province
Rhie, Seung Gyo ; Jun, JinSun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 287~301
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.287
This study provides basic data for the development of nutrition education programs for high schools by examining adolescents` demand for nutrition education and their dietary and health behaviors. A survey was conducted for 500 students attending two high schools in the Gwangmyeong area. The questionnaire addressed their dietary habits, health behaviors, and nutrition education. In terms of meal conditions, 70.6% of all respondents had meals at least four times a day, 67.2% skipped breakfast frequently, and only 29.9% had breakfast with their family members. In addition, 66.0% reported a slightly unbalanced diet depending on the food (35.1% for vegetables and 28.2% for legumes). Nutrition labeling was checked occasionally (44.4%) by male respondents and surely (39.3%) by female respondents (p<0.01). In terms of health behaviors, 67.4% of male respondents reported a lack of sleep (5-7 hours), 33.3% of male respondents reported exercising three to four times a week, and 42.7% of female respondents reported no exercise. For the level of stress, 58.9% of male respondents reported "sometimes", and 43.0% of female respondents reported "always". For interest in nutrition education, 58.3% of the respondents reported "no". A majority of the respondents learned about nutrition through "the media or the Internet" (89.6%). The health behavior score was significantly carelated with dietary habits (p<0.01) and the stress score (p<0.05) for male students, and it was negatively correlated with checking nutrition labels (p<0.01) and positively correlated with the BMI for female students. These results suggest that appropriate health behaviors can help overcome stress and produce better dietary habits for male students, but for females, the results are ambiguous. A majority of the respondents (57.9%) perceived a need for nutrition education as part of the high school curriculum, and the content of such a curriculum included more meals with family members and the importance of breakfast. Based on the results, nutrition education for male students should focus on nutrition labeling, whereas that for female students, on exercise frequency and proper weight management.
Serving Yaksun(Medicinal) Food Items at a Long-Term Senior Care Hospital and an Increase in the Food Intake of Elderly Inpatients
Kim, Min-Jeong ; Lee, Hye-Sang ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 303~311
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.303
This study investigates the effects of serving medicinal food items on the dietary intake of elderly inpatients. A total of 77 elderly inpatients at a long-term senior care hospital in Yeongju participated in this study. Control and medicinal food items were provided for 20 days (March 24 through April 12, 2014, and April 14 through May 3, 2014, respectively). A satisfaction survey was conducted for both control and medicinal food items on the last day of the respective serving period. Data were analyzed by using SPSS (Windows ver. 21.0). The satisfaction level was higher for medicinal food items than for control food items. The leftover rate was higher for control food items than for medicinal food items. The intake of energy, carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamin A, thiamin, niacin, potassium, and zinc was higher for medicinal food items than for control food items. These results indicate that the dietary intake of elderly inpatients was higher for medicinal food items than for control food items. This suggests that medicinal food items can help increase the nutrient intake of elderly inpatients and implies that such food items may be more desirable for a long-term senior care hospital diet. A prospective analysis of the long-term control is needed to establish the effects of medicinal food items on elderly patients.
A Content Analysis of the Psychosocial Maturity of Elderly Korean Residents in Korea and Canada
An, Jeong-Shin ; Jeong, Yeo-Jin ; Chong, Young-Sook ; Mun, Jung-Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 313~334
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.313
This study examines cultural differneces in psychosocial maturity experiences between collectivistic and individualistic cultures. Personal, relational, and social dimensions were assessed to explore psychosocial maturity experience of elderly Korean residents in Korea and Canada who were psychosocially well developed through in-depth interviews and a content analysis. According to the results, there were diverse similarities and differences in the psychosocial maturity of elderly Korean residents between the two cultures. First, psychosocially mature elderly residents in both cultures showed positive self-concept and self-satisfaction. However, there were differences in their meaning. Second, in terms of interpersonal relations, the most important and satisfying relationship was the spousal relationship for both cultures, and relationships with children were satisfying. However, there were differences in the meaning of relationships between the two cultures as well as gender differences. Third, psychosocially mature elderly residents in both cultures reported psychosocial factors such as mature aging as a social dimension. Elderly residents in Korea regarded mature aging as a relationship oriented phenomenon, whereas those in Canada reported social attitudes toward mature aging. In addition, elderly residents in both cultures reported greed and harm to others as immature aging. Elderly residents in Korea regarded relational discord as immature aging, whereas those in Canada regarded it as demanding adult treatment from future generation. In terms of transcendence, adjustment was reported as living by going with the flow. Elderly residents in Korea reported adjustment based on fatalism, whereas those in Canada showed some religious meaning. Finally, psychosocially mature elderly residents showed a positive view, acceptance and life integration. These results are discussed from the perspective of cultural differences.
A Case Study of School Meal Service Support Centers
Cho, Hyeyeong ; Yoon, Jihyun ; Kim, Soyoung ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 335~349
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.335
The system of School Meal Service Support Centers was established to support the supply of high-quality food ingredients for school meal services when the School Meal Service Act was amended in 2006. A case study was conducted to examine the operating effects, success factors, and major obstacles of a School Meal Service Support Center which was highly evaluated for its operational efficiency and customer satisfaction. Qualitative data were collected from eight stakeholders (two individuals each from the center, farms, schools, and distributors) through in-depth interviews in July 2013 and analyzed by using the thematic analysis method. The successful operation of the center helped to stabilize income and price among the stakeholders, increase ingredient quality, increase school meal reliability, reduce costs, and promote the consumption of agricultural products. Success factors were identified as the center director`s commitment and insights, and the competitive operating system including fair operations, rational pricing, liberal consumer choice, total quality management, and partnerships with distributors. Major obstacles included a lack of diversity in supplied ingredients and a lack of administrative and financial support form the local government. The results can be used as baseline information to vitalize the system of School Meal Service Support Centers and increase the quality of school meal services.
Effects of the Cnidium Officinale Makino Water Extract on the Lipid Metabolism of Rats Fed a Hypercholesterol Diet
Won, Hyang Rye ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 351~360
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.351
The study examines the effects of the Cnidium officinale Makino water extract on hyperlipidemia. For this, three levels (low, moderate, and high) of the Cnidium officinale Makino water extract were supplemented to six-week-old male sprague Dawley rats for five weeks. According to the results, serum total lipid, triglyceride, total cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol levels showed significant decreases (p<0.05) in the group with the Cnidium officinale Makino water extract. The serum total lipid level decreased by 8~22%; the triglyceride level, by 13~25%; the total cholesterol level, by 6~23%; and the LDL cholesterol level, by 14~25%. Total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the liver were significantly lower in the group with the Cnidium officinale Makino water extract than in the control group (p<0.05), and fecal total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly higher in the group with the Cnidium officinalle Makino water extract. These results suggest that the Cnidium officinale Makino water extract in the hypercholesterol diet may reduce hyperlipidemia, a major cause of cardiovascular disease, by reducing serum cholesterol and triglyceride level in the liver through the facilitation of their excretion by feces.
Effects of the Division of Housework, Perceived Marital Fairness, and Communication on Marital Satisfaction in Elderly Households: The Moderating Effect of Communication
Kang, Yoo Jean ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 361~374
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.361
This study explores the relationships between the division of housework, perceived marital fairness, communication, and marital satisfaction in elderly households. Although the marital relationship is one of the most important factors affecting the quality of life, few studies have focused on marital quality, particularly in the context of older adults. Data were obtained from the 2nd National Korean Family Survey in 2010. The results based on a total of 410 elderly households with couples aged 60 and over indicate significant differences in housework participation between men and women. Women were responsible for most of the housework. According to the regression analysis, the division of housework, perceived marital fairness, and communication independently predicted marital satisfaction, but there were no significant relationships between sociodemographic factors and marital satisfaction. There were significant interactions between the division of housework, perceived marital fairness, and marital satisfaction through communication as a moderator of effects of the division of housework and perceived marital fairness on marital satisfaction. The higher the satisfaction with communication, the stronger the relationship between marital satisfaction and satisfaction with the division of housework was. On the other hand, the lower the satisfaction with communication, the greater the effect of perceived marital fairness on marital satisfaction was. These results suggest that the way in which elderly couples perceive their marital relationships and the level of their satisfaction in interacting with each other play important roles in enhancing their marital quality.
Effects of Attachment to the Mother in Childhood and Self-Esteem in Adulthood on Adult Students` School Adjustment
Lee, Sarah ; Song, Seung-Min ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 375~386
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.375
This study examines the effects of parent-child attachment across the child`s life from a life-span developmental perspective. The study investigates the effects of a child`s attachment to his or her mother in childhood on his or her school attachment as an adult student and explores the role of self-esteem as a mediator of the relationship between these two variables. A total of 529 S Cyber University students taking social welfare classes participated in this study. These students completed a questionnaire about their present level of self-esteem, attachment to their mother in childhood, and school adjustment. According to the SEM results, adult students` self-esteem fully mediated the relationship between their mother-child attachment in childhood and their school adjustment in adulthood. Attachment security for the mother in childhood was related to the child`s own internal working model, and positive self-esteem was related to school adjustment.
Effects of Grandparenting Roles and Generativity on Depression among Grandmothers Providing Care for Grandchildren
Song, Seueng-Min ; Cha, Seung-Eun ; Choi, Young-Hee ; Jung, Yunkyong ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 387~403
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.387
This study examines the relationships between grandparenting roles, elderly generativity, and depressive symptoms. Data were collected from 129 grandmothers who helped raise grandchildren attending daycare centers. Grandparenting roles were assessed as generational transferers, caretakers, emotional supporters, and educators. Elderly generativity and depressive symptoms were evaluated based on the Loyola Generativity Scale and CES-D (Center for Epidemiological Studies on Depression Scale), respectively. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and regression analysis methods. According to the results, grandmothers were most likely to play a role as caretakers, and there were differences across factors correlated with grandparenting roles. More specifically, daily hours spent on grandparenting and years of grandparenting were related to the caretaker role, and a high level of education was related to the educator role. Poor health was correlated with the generational initiator role. According to correlation and regression analyses, grandmothers who had access to more economic resources and who served as educators, emotional supporters, or generation initiators were more likely to show generativity. In addition, the higher the generativity, the less likely the depressive symptom was. These results have important implications for developing programs that can help grandparents raise preschool-aged grandchildren and suggest some interesting avenues for future research.
Effects of Purple Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes) Flesh and Peel Ethanol Extracts on the Antioxidant Activity and Antiproliferation of Human Cancer Cells
Yang, Myung-Ja ; Cha, Seon-Suk ; Lee, Jae-Joon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 405~414
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.405
This study examines the effects of purple Kohlrabi fresh and peel ethanol extracts on the antioxidative activity and antiproliferation of human cancer cells (Hep G2 human liver, HCT-116 human colon, and A549 human lung cancer cells.) The total flavonoid and anthocyanin content of purple Kohlrabi ethanol extracts were much greater in the peel than in the flesh. The DPPH radical scavenging activity and antioxidative index of purple Kohlrabi peel extracts were similar to those of the BHA and the BHT. Antiproliferation effects of purple Kohlrabi peel extracts on human cancer cells (Hep G2, HCT-116, and A549) strengthened in a dose-dependent manner. In particular, the antiproliferation activity of purple Kohlrabi peel extracts exceeded 40% in colon cancer cells. These results indicate that the purple Kohlrabi peel may contain bioactive compounds such as flavonoids as well as anthocyanin and that these compounds may facilitate cancer prevention.
Beauty Shop Owner`s Employment of Immigrant Women
Kim, Soon Sim ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 415~426
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2015.26.2.415
This study examines the employment experience of beauty shop owners with respect to immigrant women. A quantitative analysis was conducted through a survey of beauty shop employers. Total 400 beauty shop owners were given a questionnaire and 380 responses were obtained. IBM SPSS 21.0 was used for frequency analysis, chi-square test, t-test using obtained data. Most of the respondents reported rare immigrant women employment. In addition, they were not likely to have experienced benefits from government support system and had little knowledge of such systems. According to an the employment analysis, there were differences in business areas, locations, regions, business type, and the number of employees according to characteristics of beauty shops. Immigrant women were more likely to be employed in Gyeonggi than in Seoul and Chungcheong Province and in skincareshops than in hairshops, nailshops and make-up shops. Shops with fewer than six employees were more likely to employ immigrant women. Those shop owners has employed immigrant women were more likely to hire immigrant women. Employment intentions of employers included mitigation services for auxiliary and sharing purposes, government benefits, and solutions for employment difficulties. Government support had a positive effect on employment intentions of beauty shop employers. Employers with knowledge of government support programs were more likely to hire immigrant women. The results suggest that the government should make more efforts to promote relevant policies. Future research should identify the reasons why few immigrant women are employed.