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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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The Korean Society of Community Living Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 2 - May 2016
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
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The Mediating Effects of Young Children's Shyness on the Relationship between Teacher-Children Relationship and Young Children's Social Competence
No, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Hee-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2016, Pages 5~17
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2016.27.1.5
The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of young children's shyness on the relationship between teacher-children relationship and young children's social competence. The subjects of the study were 270 children from three years to five years old and their teachers in Busan. Frequency, t-test, Cronbach
, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchial regression were used for data analysis. The results were as follows: first, teacher-children intimacy showed positive correlation with the young children's social competence. Teacher-children conflict showed negative correlation with the young children's social competence. Second, teacher-children intimacy showed negative correlation with the young children's shyness. Teacher-children conflict showed positive correlation with the young children's shyness. Third, young children's shyness showed negative correlation with the young children's social competence. Fourth, young children's shyness had partial mediating effects on the relationship between teacher-children intimacy and young children's sociability. Young children's shyness had partial mediating effects on the relationship between teacher-children intimacy and young children's popularity and leadership. Young children's shyness had partial mediating effects on the relationship between teacher- children conflict and young children's sociability. Young children's shyness had partial mediating effects on the relationship between teacher-children conflict and young children's popularity and leadership.
Effect of Young Barley Leaf Powder on Glucose Control in the Diabetic Rats
Son, Hee-Kyoung ; Lee, Yu-Mi ; Park, Yong-Hyun ; Lee, Jae-Joon ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2016, Pages 19~29
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2016.27.1.19
This study examined the anti-diabetic effects of young barley leaf powder in rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the non-diabetic (N) and diabetic groups, and fed the following for four weeks. The diabetic groups were further subdivided into three experimental groups: a diabetic control group (STZ), a diabetic group fed 5% barley leaf powder (STZ-BL), and a diabetic group fed 10% barley leaf powder (STZ-BH). Food and water intakes were higher in the diabetic groups than in the N group. Body weight gain was higher in the STZ-BL and STZ-BH groups compared with the STZ group, but there were no significant changes in body weight gain between the diabetic groups. The serum glucose and fructosamine levels were lower in the STZ-BL and STZ-BH groups than in the STZ group. The levels of serum insulin were higher in the STZ-BL and STZ-BH groups than in the STZ group. Serum ALT, AST and ALP activities decreased in the STZ-BL and STZ-BH groups compared with the STZ group, but there was no difference. These results indicate that dietary supplementation of barley leaf powder can attenuate clinical symptoms of diabetes in rats with STZ-induced diabetes.
Classification of Consumer Types by Moderation and Simplicity, Autonomy, and Income Level, and Comparison of Happiness Accordingly
Kim, Melean ; Hong, Eunsil ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2016, Pages 31~47
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2016.27.1.31
This research examines the effects of consumers' moderation and simplicity, autonomy, and income level on happiness, and based on this, classifies consumer types and examines the differences in consumer happiness and life happiness in accordance with this classification. The questionnaire survey was conducted on adults in their 20's through 60's. Moreover, hierarchical regression analysis, cluster analysis, and the analysis of variance were conducted. The results of this research are as follows. First, on consumer happiness, moderation and simplicity, income level, autonomy, education level, and gender had significant effects; on life happiness, moderation and simplicity, income level, autonomy, and education level had significant effects. Second, consumers were classified into three types according to moderation and simplicity, autonomy, and income level, and when making a comparison based on these factors between consumer happiness and life happiness, both consumer happiness and life happiness showed significant differences, but the detailed aspects were different. In the case of consumer happiness, non-autonomous moderation and simplicity type were reported to have the highest sense of happiness, followed by autonomous moderation and simplicity type, and passive moderation and simplicity type, but in the case of life happiness, autonomous moderation and simplicity type were reported to have the highest sense of happiness, followed by non-autonomous moderation and simplicity type, and passive moderation and simplicity type.
The Effects of Rural Migrant Characteristics and Conjugal Communication on Life Satisfaction of Baby Boomer Rural Migrants
Kim, Beagsu ; Lee, Jeonghwa ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2016, Pages 49~65
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2016.27.1.49
This study explores the effects of rural migrant characteristics and conjugal communication on life satisfaction of baby boomer rural migrants. A total of 205 Korean baby boomers, who are living in rural areas in the year of 2013 that had migrated from cities back in 2003 with their families, were analyzed. Their age ranged from 49 to 57 years. The statistical methods used for data analysis were descriptive statistics, t-test, and hierarchical regression analysis, with SPSS Win 20.0 program. The results of this study are summarized as follows: the reasons these baby boomers chose a rural lifestyle were 'for life after retirement,' 'because rural life is good,' 'for health reasons,' and 'for chosen profession.' The level of conjugal communication (M=3.69) and life satisfaction (M=3.23) were higher than average (M=3.0). The variables influencing life satisfaction of baby boomer rural migrants were 'increased property size,' 'better conjugal communication,' 'better health condition,' 'lower levels of money,' and 'length of time spent farming.' Furthermore, in terms of life satisfaction, the relative contributions of these variables are as follows: general characteristics 20%, rural migrant characteristics 10%, and the level of conjugal communication 6%. These results show that conjugal communication is a very important variable, as well as a rural migrant characteristic when it comes to life satisfaction of these baby boomers. Therefore, to improve life satisfaction of baby boomer rural migrants, support programs need to focus on both farming and conjugal relationships.
Determinants of Re-participation for Rural Responsible Tourism
Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Sun-Min ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2016, Pages 67~81
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2016.27.1.67
Responsible tourism has become an established area of the tourism industry. This study aims to identify the factors that influence re-participation in responsible tourism in rural Korea. On-site survey was conducted on 436 tourists by seven responsible tourism agencies in Korea. The motivation for responsible tourists was categorized into seven types: family togetherness, escape and relaxation, personal growth, social interaction, various experiences, learning, and natural experience. The estimation of a binary logistic regression model determined the characteristics of responsible tourists who are most likely to opt for re-participation in responsible tourism. Results indicated that important factors for re-participation in responsible tourism were 'age', 'educational level', 'accompany', 'length of stay', and 'motivation'. The results implied that tourists' internal and external factors are important for re-participation in responsible tourism. It is expected that this study will contribute to the market expansion of responsible tourism.
Status of Coffee Intake in South Korea: Analysis of 2007-2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Shin, Joongwon ; Kim, So-young ; Yoon, Jihyun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2016, Pages 83~93
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2016.27.1.83
The purpose of this study was to examine the status of coffee intake in South Korea by analyzing the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The results showed that 52.3% of Koreans consumed coffee at least once a day. Males consumed coffee more frequently than females and those aged 20-39 years and 40-59 years consumed coffee most frequently. Coffee drinkers consumed coffee two times a day and 138 mL each time on average. Coffee was mainly consumed either at home (44.8%) or in the workplace (36.1%); males drank coffee most frequently in the workplace and females did so at home. Milk coffee including coffee from vending machines and coffee mix (73.8%) was the most common type of coffee consumed. The results of this study would extend the understanding of the general status of coffee intake in South Korea, which has shown steady growth but remains a relatively overlooked research area.
A Study on the Classification and Characteristics of Multi-cultural Families in Rural Areas
Lee, Namhyo ; Gim, Uhn-Soon ; Kim, Jeong-Youn ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2016, Pages 95~108
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2016.27.1.95
The objectives of this study are to analyze the characteristics of multi-cultural families in rural areas and to classify their types by applying multi-variate techniques and cluster analyses. Data for the study were obtained by a surveying 120 married migrant females in rural areas of Chungchengnam-do, South Korea. By utilizing the factor analysis to analyze the characteristics of multi-cultural families, 16 basic variables related to these female subjects were categorized into 6 factors: 'marriage length and age', 'language skill of migrant female', 'language skill of husband', 'family satisfaction', 'income and education', and 'general living satisfaction in Korea with remittance'. By appling the cluster analysis, multi-cultural families in rural areas were divided into the following 5 types: 'stable settlement', 'average but stagnant', 'below average yet positive', 'high- income with little communication', and 'young low-income'. In all types, it is strongly recommended to develop various programs regarding vocational education for the migrant females in order to increase their economic opportunities as well as social status.
The Effects of Brand Personality on Service Experience Satisfaction, Price Value Satisfaction, and Repurchase Intention
Seo, Injoo ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2016, Pages 109~120
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2016.27.1.109
This study aims to observe the brand personality of foreign airlines and analyze which brand personality best influences service experience satisfaction, price-value satisfaction, and reusing intention. Moreover, it attempts to determine if there is a difference in service experience satisfaction, price-value satisfaction, and reusing intention according to brand personality. A questionnaire was distributed to 1621 consumers; of these, 1500 were used for final data analysis. Results are as follows. First, a factor analysis was used to investigate the brand personality, and three factors were identified: confidence/competence, sophistication, and dynamic. Second, we investigated the influences a brand personality has on service experience satisfaction, price-value satisfaction, and reusing intention. The confidence/competence of a brand personality showed the greatest influence on service experience satisfaction, price-value satisfaction, and reusing intention. Also, price sensitivity satisfaction had the greatest impact on reusing intentions.
A Study of Intention to Revisit Jeonju Hanok Village associated with Consumer Experience
You, So-ye ; Jeon, Hyeon-jin ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2016, Pages 121~136
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2016.27.1.121
The purpose of this study was to investigate consumer behavior based on the experience from visiting Jeonju Hanok Village. This study tested the relationship between the experience and intention to revisit for consumers who visited the village mediated by emotion and place attachment as a structural equation model. The results of this study were as follows. First, the perceived emotion was found to be significantly influenced by experience. Consumers were likely to feel positive emotions if their experiences of entertainment, escapism, and esthetics were positive. Second, the place attachment was found to be significantly influenced by experience. If consumers perceived positive experience of education and escapism, then they would like to be attached to the place where they experienced such positive experience. Finally, the intention to revisit was found to be significantly influenced by the emotion and the place attachment. If positive emotion and place attachment were well-established through consumer experience, then consumers would like to increase the intention to revisit the place.
The Hypolipidemic Effect of Allium Hookeri in Rats Fed with a High Fat Diet
Lee, Joomin ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2016, Pages 137~145
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2016.27.1.137
This study evaluated the effect of Allium hookeri roots on lipid metabolism of the serum, liver, and adipose tissues induced by a high-fat diet in male Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats were divided into four groups with 8 rats per group for 4 weeks: the normal-diet group (N), the high-fat diet (HFD) group, the HFD containing 3% Allium hookeri (HFD-A3) group, and the HFD containing 5% Allium hookeri (HFD-A5) group. The results showed that the body weight gain and food intake of rats in the HFC-A3 and HFC-A5 groups were significantly decreased compared with those in the HFD group. The epididymal adipose tissue weight in the HFD-A5 group was significantly decreased compared with those in the HFD group, and adipose tissue weights of liver and mesenteric adipose tissues in the HFD-A3 and HFD-A5 groups were significantly decreased compared with those in the HFD group. Serum triglyceride, total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol concentrations, atherogenic index, and cardiac risk factor were significantly lower in the HFD-A3 and HFD-A5 groups than in the HFD group. Serum lipid profiles, as well as ALT and AST activities did not show any difference in all groups. Serum ALP and LDH activities were suppressed in the HFD-A5 group compared with those in the HFD group. The hepatic triglyceride and total cholesterol levels of rats in the HFD-A5 group was significantly lower than those in the HFD group. Moreover, triglyceride and total cholesterol in the epididymal and mesenteric adipose tissues were significantly lower in the HFD-A5 group than in the HFD group. These results demonstrated that the intake of Allium hookeri showed a hypolipidemic effect, changing the lipid metabolsim of a high-fat diet induced rats.
Evaluation of Dietary Quality in Korea Female according to BMI : From the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data of 2010
Kim, In-Suk ; Choi, Sung-Woo ; Jeong, Eun ;
The Korean Journal of Community Living Science, volume 27, issue 1, 2016, Pages 147~159
DOI : 10.7856/kjcls.2016.27.1.147
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dietary quality of Korean females according to BMI, using the Korea National Health and Examination Survey data (KNHANES V-1). The study incorporated an individual-based, one-on-one interview with a cohort of 3,552 Korean females, including underweight, obese, and normal subjects, based on BMI calculation from 8,958 samples throughout the country. In this study, BMI between 18.5 and 25 was considered as normal, < 18.5 as underweight, and
as obese. We classified the subjects into three groups: the underweight group (n = 206), normal group (n = 2,353) and obese group (n = 993). The result of analysis of nutrient intake was a percentage of Korean RNI. Overall, calcium intake tended to be lower for groups with lower BMI. The result of dietary quality are as follows: For NAR analysis, all groups showed a less than 1.0 for all nutrient levels. In particular, with respect to calcium, all groups showed to have a lower NAR score than that of other nutrients; this was also the case for the Vitamin A. The average NAR score was 0.76 in the underweight group, 0.83 in the normal group, and 0.78 in the obese group. The results suggest the necessity of obesity-related nutritional education programs in Korea, particularly for Korean women.