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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
Selecting the target year
A Sediment Concentration Distribution Based on a Revised Prandtl Mixing Theory
Jeong, Gwan-Su ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 30, issue 1, 1997, Pages 3~13
Modifications of Prandtl's mixing length theory were used to obtain a power velocity distribution in which the coefficient and exponent are variable over a range from 1/4 to 1/7. A simple suspended-sediment concentration distribution was developed which can be associated with this modified velocity distribution. Using nominal values of
=0.4 and visual accumulation tube values of fall velocity, the comparison between theory and field measurements by the USGS on the Rio Grande is fair. Doubling the value of the exponent results in a good comparison. Further research is needed to be able to better choose
, and fall velocity values, but such research will not be able to account for the effects of large-scale turbulence and secondary flows. In a pragmatic sense, a special set of fairly detailed measurements can establish coefficients and exponents for any gaging site.
A Study on the Characteristics of Channel Line
Mun, Su-Nam ; Lee, Jong-Nam ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 30, issue 1, 1997, Pages 15~22
The flow in meandering channel has a great influence on curved bank revetment in river morphology. It is difficult to state generalized cirteria for channel improvement applicable to any paricular river. But it is very important to provide
Analysis of Solute Transport with Steady State Groundwater Flow in Layered Aquifer
Lee, Seung-Han ; Jeong, Il-Mun ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 30, issue 1, 1997, Pages 23~34
The Nanji-Do ladnfill is an ill-conditioned reclaimed land without pollution intercepting facilities, and has high ground water table and deep stratum. The purpose of this study is to analyze the solute transport in steady-state groundwater flow and to predict the solute dispersion in Nanji-Do landfill using HST-3D model. As results, the groundwater flows radially outward from the center of No. 1 and No. 2 landfills, and large amount of runoff is moved into Han River. The predicted relative concentration of total dissolved solute(TDS) at two years later was 0.25 in the weathering zone, 0.26 in the lower alluvium, and 0.28 in the upper alluvium. Thus, the further pollution to bottom rock and Han River was predicted by comparing the corresponding present values of 0.29, 0.32 and 0.35.
Finite Element Analysis of Gradually and Rapidly Varied Unsteady Flow in Open Channel : II. Applications
Han, Geon-Yeon ; Park, Jae-Hong ; Lee, Eul-Rae ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 30, issue 1, 1997, Pages 35~44
Petrov-Galerkin finite element model for analyzing dynamic wave equation is applied to gradually and rapidly varied unsteady flow. The model in verified by applying to hydraulic jump, nonlinear disturbance propagation in frictionless horizontal channel and dam-break analysis. It shows stable and accurate results compared with analytical solutions for various cases. The model in applied to a surge propagation in a frictionless horizontal channel. Three-dimensional water surface profiles show that the computed result converges to the analytical one with sharp discontinuity. The model is also applied to the Taehaw River to analyze unsteady floodwave propagation. The computed results have good agreements with those of DWOPER model in terms of discharge and stage hydrographs.
A Study on the Eltimation of Daily Urban Water Demand by ARIMA Model
Lee, Gyeong-Hun ; Mun, Byeong-Seok ; Park, Seong-Cheon ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 30, issue 1, 1997, Pages 45~54
The correct estimation of the daily or hourly urban water demand is required for the efficient management and operation of the water supply facilities. The prediction of water supply demand are regression model and time series method, the optimum ARIMA (Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average) model was sought for the daily urban water demand estimation in this paper. The data used for this study were obtained from the city of Kwangju Korea. The raw data used in this study were rearranged 15, 30, 60, 90 days for the purpose of analysis. The statistical analysis was applied to the data to obtain the ARIMA model. As a result, the parameters determining the ARIMA model was obtained. The accuracy of the model was 2% of water supply. The developed model was found to be useful for the practical operation and management of the water supply facilities.
Regional Drought Frequency Analysis of Monthly Rainfall Data by the Method of L-Moments
Yun, Yong-Nam ; Park, Mu-Jong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 30, issue 1, 1997, Pages 55~62
To quantitatively investigate the nationwide drought characteristics and to comparatively evaluate the 1994-1995 drought with several past droughts of significant magnitude regional frequency analysis is made for the meteorological stations in each of the 47 subbasins covering the whole nation. With monthly precipitation data for the period of records at the stations in each subbasin low precipitation data series of various durations are formulated with the running totals of monthly data and fitted to probability distributions. The method of L-method of L-moments is used to determine the unbiased parameters of each distribution, and using the best-fit distribution for each subbasin the low precipitations of various durations with return periods of 5, 10, 20, 30, and 50 years are estimated. The drought frequency maps are drawn with the low drought frequency analysis the drought of 1994-1995 is evaluated in its severity and areal extent in comparison with four other past drought of significance. The current practice of safety standards for the design of impounding facilities is also evaluated with reference to the recurrence interval of the severe drought, and a recommendation is made for the future design standard.
Establishment of Numerical Model for Groundwater Flow (Water Curtain) Analysis around Underground Caverns
Jeong, Il-Mun ; Jo, Won-Cheol ; Bae, Deok-Hyo ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 30, issue 1, 1997, Pages 63~73
Finite element model is established for the simulation of groundwater flow due to water curtain around underground oil storage Choleski decomposition method. The symmetric global conductance matrix is solved by vector storage Choleski decomposition method. The model is verified through comparison with the results of electric analogy. For the application of this model to real site, the finite element meshes are constructed according to representative vertical cross and longitudinal sections. In cross-sectional analysis, potential and flow distributions are compared based on the cavern pressure and horizontal water curtain. For longitudinal section, effects between nearly located caverns with or without vertical water curtain are analyzed. These results prove that the established model can be used as a tool for flow analysis around underground caverns.
A Study on Stream Morphologic and Hydraulic Characteristics of Wonju Stream
Choe, Hong-Sik ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 30, issue 1, 1997, Pages 75~82
The stream morphologic characteristics of Wonju stream with small watershed are developed with a regular correlation referred to the Horton-Strahler's lows of stream order. Using Manning's formula and the discharges simulated by NWS-PC rainfallrunoff model that has been applied to the adjacent basin for model calibration and verification, the hydraulic characteristics at Wonju bridge are investigated. The peak discharge and the time to peak of unit hydrograph are analyzed by the calculated geomorphologic parameters. Rather primitive as this study is, these results are provided to be used for geomorphologic instantaneous unit hydropraph of ungaged basins including this study area. Through the reestablishment of rating curve and hydrograph with continuous field observations, the hydrologic and hydraulic characteristics of Wonju stream must be presented.
Sensitivity Analysis of Runoff-Quality Parameters in the Urban Basin
Lee, Jong-Tae ; Gang, Tae-Ho ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 30, issue 1, 1997, Pages 83~93
The purpose of the study is to analyze the sensitivity of the parameters that affect the runoff and water quality in the studied drainage basins. SWMM model is applied to the four drainage basins located at Namgazwa and Sanbon in Seoul and Gray Haven and Kings Creek in the USA. first of all, the optimum values of the parameters which have least simulation error to the observed data, are detected by iteration procedure. These are used as the standard values which are compared against the procedure. These are used as the standard values which are compared against the varied parameter values. In order to catch the effectiveness of the parameters to the computing result, the parameters are changed step by setp, and the results are compared to the standard results in flowerate and quality of the sewer. The study indicates that the discharge is greatly affected by the types of runoff surface, i.e., impervious area remarkably affects the peak flow and runoff volume while the surface storage affects the runoff volume at mild sloped basins. In addition, the major parameters affecting the pollution concentrations and loadings are the contaminant accumulation coefficient per unit area per time and the continuous dry weather days. Furthermore, the factors that affect the water quality during the initial rainfall period are the rainfall intensity, transport capacity coefficient and its power coefficient. Consequently, in order to simulate the runoff-water quality, it is needed to evaluate previous data in the research performed for the studied basins. To accurately estimated from the tributary areas and the rational computation methods of the pollutants calculation should be introduced.