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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
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Numerical Analysis for Advection Equation Based on the Method of Moments
Baek, Jung-Cheol ; Jo, Won-Cheol ; Heo, Jun-Haeng ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 32, issue 2, 1999, Pages 99~110
The method of moments, a Lagrangian scheme, considers the zeroth, first, and second moments of the grid cell spatial distributions of the concentration and then advects the concentration by maintaining conservation of the moments. The reasonable inital description of the first and second moments as well as the mean concentration, the zeroth moments, in grid element is important in the method of moments. In this study, the description methods of each initial moment are reviewed, and the method of moments is extended to overcome the restrictions of Courant number. Its performance is compared with those of available Eulerian and Lagrangian schemes. As the results, the method is successfully extended to overcome the stability restriction and is an accurate scheme for the advection simulation of concentration distribution, especially of which the gradient is steep. In addition, the method is very promising scheme in terms of computational efficiency when the mixing is confined in a relatively small region to the entire domain in two-dimensional problem.
Relationship between EI Ni o/Southern Oscillation and Drought in Korea
Lee, Dong-Ryul ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 32, issue 2, 1999, Pages 111~120
The relationship between EI Nino-Southern Oscillation(ENSO) and drought in Korea is investigated using the cross correlation analysis. In this paper, Palmer Drought Severity Index(PDSI) is used as an index of drought and nine ENSO indicators are used. To obtain PDSI for Korea, the PDSI equation is derived using monthly precipitation and temperature in Korea. In addition, ENSO composite percentile analyses for PDSI, precipitation and streamflow in Korea are performed to verify the results of the cross correlation. Results of the cross correlation show that the link between drought in Korea and ENSO is statistically significant with 6% of the variance in PDSI for Korea explained by ENSO. The PDSI is negatively correlated with the equatorial Pacific Sea Surface Temperature and the Sea Level Pressure(SLP) at Darwin leading by about 16 months. However, the relationship of the PDSI with the Southern Oscillation Index and the SLP at Tahiti is positive correlation. The ENSO composite percentile analyses show that drought, precipitation and streamflow in Korea are associated with ENSO during 6 months from December of the ENSO ending year
A Study on the Removal Efficiency of the Soil Vapor Extraction by Numerical Simulation
Lee, Chang-Su ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 32, issue 2, 1999, Pages 121~129
When the soil vapor extraction as a remediation method of contaminated soil and groundwater has been used, the effects of curtain wall, mode of pump operation and magnitude of extraction flowrate were examined by numerical simulation. Consequently, it was found that the removal rate was enhanced in case that the curtain wall was established around the extraction well with the extraction pumps operated alternatively. It was because that the removal of high density gas around the extraction well was possible. It was found that the removal efficiency of TCE gas did not depend on the extraction flowrate. However, the removal rate of TCE gas at varying extraction flowrate was not enhanced flowrate increase.
A Study on the Sediment Movement Using Numerical Models
Im, Chang-Su ; Son, Gwang-Ik ; Lee, Jae-Jun ; Yun, Se-Ui ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 32, issue 2, 1999, Pages 131~142
In this study, one and semi-two dimensional numerical models were applied to study on the hydraulic and sedimentologic characteristics of upstream and downstream channel section near the Buyeo intake towers. The HEC-6 model was applied for the simulation of one dimensional sediment movement from 1988 to 1996, and GSTARS model was applied for the simulation of semi-two dimensional sediment movement for the same period. After the verification of accuracy of HEC-6 and GSTARS models, the models were applied again to predict the sediment movement near intake towers from 1988 to 2001. In this case, measured channel section of 1988 was used as an initial channel condition, and used to predict the long-term variation of channel section of 2001 after 13 years since 1988. The simulation results show that the channel bed is sedimented and eroded repeatedly in the main channel of overall study area, and that channel bed is getting elevated in the near Buyeo intake towers.
Water Recources Evaluation using Network Optimization Model
Lee, Gwang-Man ; Lee, Jae-Eung ; Sim, Sang-Jun ; Go, Seok-Gu ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 32, issue 2, 1999, Pages 143~152
South-eastern part of Kyungbuk Province is suffering from lack of suitable water development sources due to geographic condition and insufficient water sources condition. In order to find an appropriate solution, extensive studies are carried out such as investigation of new dam sites, regional water supply system, modification of existing water supply system, rehabilitation of old water resources structures and development of off-stream reservoirs. The network optimization model is applied for evaluation of the newly suggested water development alternatives. The results show that if water supply system is constructed until 2011, the reliability of water supply to Pohang and Kyungju region will be more than 95% and the network optimization model can be used to analyse the management of water resources system considering water rights or priority orders.
Minimum Dilution of Vertical Multijet Discharging into Stagnant Water
Kim, Hong-Sik ; Seo, Il-Won ; Yu, Dae-Yeong ; Seo, Yong-Won ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 32, issue 2, 1999, Pages 153~162
In this study, mixing and dilution characteristics of vertical multijet discharged by multiport diffuser into stagnant water are investigated. The results obtained from the experiment of multiport diffuser performed in the three dimensional flume are as follows. As far as merging process of multiport diffuser is concerned, merging starts at about z/l = 3 although merging length is dependent upon stability condition and thereafter lateral temperature distribution becomes gradually uniform which is typical distribution of plane jet. Analyses of experimental data for minimum dilution show that characteristics of minimum dilution are described based on three regions which are jet region where momentum is dominated, intermediate region, and plume region where buoyancy is dominated. Minimum dilution coefficient in plume region of multiport diffuser obtained in this study is 15% higher than that of plane diffuser. This is because individual jet of multiport diffuser entrains more ambient water before merging is occurred, and therefore dilution increases.
Application of GIS for Runoff Simulation in Ungaged Basin(I): Selection of Soil Map and Landuse Map
Kim, Gyeong-Tak ; Sim, Myeong-Pil ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 32, issue 2, 1999, Pages 163~176
Hydrology-based topographical informations generated by GIS techniques could be changed according to the selection of base map, algorithm of extraction, and so on. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the variation of SCS CN extracted by GIS technique and to propose the effective strategy for applying GIS to the rainfall-runoff simulation in ungaged basin. For experimental implementation, GIS spatial data, such as reconnaissance soil map, detailed interpretative soil map, landuse planning map and remotely sensed data(Landsat TM), were collected and generated to calculate the amount of effective rainfall in Pyungchang river basin. In applying SCS Runoff Curve Number to the test basin, the hydrological attribute data were analyzed. In addition, the characteristics of runoff responses according to the selection of GIS spatial data for SCS CN were reviewed. This study shows the applicability of GIS techniques to runoff simulation in ungaged basin by comparing with the measured flood hydrograph. It has been found that the detained interpretative soil map and remote sensing data are appropriate for calculating of SCS CN.
The Characteristics of Flow and Movement of Floc in the Sedimintation Basin
Choe, Gye-Un ; Kim, Jeong-Hyeon ; Lee, Myeon-Ju ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 32, issue 2, 1999, Pages 177~184
In this paper, the characteristics of the flow and the movement of the floc were analyzed through the experiments in the sedimentation basin using the redioisotope. Tc-99m radioisotope was used for the experiments for the characteristics of the flow, and the bentonite absorbing Tc-99m radioisotope was used in the experiments for the movement of the floc. Through the experiments of the flow, it was found that the velocities of flow in the sedimentation basin were different depending upon the position and the depth. The distance of the moving trajectories of the floc is increased by increasing the discharge. By increasing the discharge, the settling point is farther from the inlet, and the turbidity removal efficiencies in the sedimentation basin are decreased. The moving velocities of the floc and the density are changed in the different depths in the sedimentation basin.
Shock-Fitting in Kinematic Wave Modeling
Park, Mun-Hyeong ; Choe, Seong-Uk ; Heo, Jun-Haeng ; Jo, Won-Cheol ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 32, issue 2, 1999, Pages 185~195
The finite difference method and the method of characteristics are frequently used for the numerical analysis of kinematic wave model. Truncation errors cause the peak discharge dissipated in the solution from the finite difference method. The peak discharge is conserved in the solution from the finite difference method. The peak discharge is conserved in the solution from the method of characteristics, however, the shock may deteriorates the numerical solution. In this paper, distinctive features of each scheme are investigated for the numerical analysis of kinematic wave model, and applicability of shock fitting algorithm such as Propagating Shock Fitting and Approximated Shock Fitting methods are studied. Propagating Shock Fitting method appears to treat shock properly, however, it failed to fit the shock appropriately when applied to a sudden inflow change in a long river. Approximate Shock Sitting method, which uses finer elements, is found to be more proper shock-fitting than the Propagating Shock Fitting method. Comparisons are made between two solution from the kinematic wave theory with shock fitting and full dynamic wave theory, and the results are discussed.
Analysis of Drought Characteristics by the Use of Stochastic Method
Jeong, Sang-Man ; Sin, Hyeon-Min ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 32, issue 2, 1999, Pages 197~210
This study examines the duration and severity of droughts by the use of stochastic process considerations. The key annual flow statistics are used to estimate the related statistics of drought probability distributions for various combinations of return period and water demand. This study efforts initially focused on analyzing all the nation streamgage records that were judged to meet certain selection criteria, including those of record length, record quality. These analyses resulted in the determination of those annual flow statistics necessary to define the behavior of drought sequences for the selected streams. Using prior research results, the actual or estimated flow statistics are related to the probability distributions of maximum drought events, through the application of the theory of runs. This has resulted in assigning return periods to drought events at gaged locations, and permits an assessment of the probabilities of observed historical drought within the nation.