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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 33, Issue S1 - May 2000
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Estimation of Suitable Flow Needs for Maintaining Fish Habitat Conditions Using Water Quantity and Quality Simulation
Kim, Gyu-Ho ; Jo, Won-Cheol ; Jeon, Byeong-Ho ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 3~14
The primary objective of this study is to estimate the suitable flow in need for conservation and restoration of the fish habitat in running water ecosystem, which has very important status in the instream flow for stream environment. Year, monthly low flows are estimated to properly maintain the fish habitat. Water depth and velocity are simulated, and also water temperature and Dissolved Oxygen(DO) are predicted at gradually varied flow using estimated low flows. These simulated conditions for each low flow are graphically compared with the requirements to maintain fish habitat at each life stage. These processes were applied to 3 riffle transects located at Dalcheon(Dal stream) in the South Han river. Pirami (Zacco platypus) was selected as a representative fish species in Dalcheon. It was shown that the suitable flow for maintaining the representative fish habitat at each life stage depends on hydraulic conditions rather than water quality conditions, and the flow ranges from the 10-year minimum low flow to consecutive 7-day 2.33-year low flow.w flow.
A Study on the Risk Assessment of Small Reservoirs using Reliability Analysis Methods
Kim, Mun-Mo ; Park, Chang-Eon ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 15~30
This study is to develop the applied method of reliability analysis to present risk - initial water level relationship in the small reservoir. To determine the reliability, the grasping of uncertainty sources is prerequisited and performance function is formulated. Reliability analysis method is a statistical method and the basic procedure of risk evaluation for overtopping of reservoir is as follows. 1. Define the risk criterion and performance function for the overtopping. 2. Determine the uncertainties of all the variables in the performance function. 3. Perform the risk analysis with suitable risk calculation method. Reliability analysis method such as Monte Carlo simulation(MCS) method and mean value first order second moment(MVFOSM) method are used to calculate the risk for reservoir. Finally, risk - initial water level relationship is established according to return period and it is useful for reservoir operation and safety assessment.ssment.
Locally Weighted Polynomial Forecasting Model
Mun, Yeong-Il ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 31~38
Relationships between hydrologic variables are often nonlinear. Usually the functional form of such a relationship is not known a priori. A multivariate, nonparametric regression methodology is provided here for approximating the underlying regression function using locally weighted polynomials. Locally weighted polynomials consider the approximation of the target function through a Taylor series expansion of the function in the neighborhood of the point of estimate. The utility of this nonparametric regression approach is demonstrated through an application to nonparametric short term forecasts of the biweekly Great Salt Lake volume.volume.
Evaluation of Parameters in Hydrodynamic Model
Yun, Tae-Hun ; Lee, Jong-Uk ; Jagal, Sun-Dong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 39~50
Generally speaking, a hydrodynamic model needs a friction coefficient (Manning coefficient or Chezy coefficient) and eddy viscosity. For numerical solution the coefficients are usually determined by recursive calculations. The eddy viscosity in numerical model plays physical diffusion in flow and also acts as numerical viscosity. Hence its value has influence on the stability of numerical solution and for these reasons a consistent evaluation procedure is needed. By using records of stage and discharge in the downstream reach of the Han river, I-D models (HEC-2 and NETWORK) and 2-D model (SMS), estimated values of Manning coefficient and an empirical equation for eddy viscosity are presented. The computed results are verified through the recorded flow elevation data.n data.
Analysis of Groundwater Recharge Characteristics Using Relationship between Rainfall and Groundwater Level
Lee, Dong-Ryul ; Gu, Ho-Bon ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 51~59
A dynamic model, which combined time series model with distributed-lag model, is applied to understand the relationship between rainfall and groundwater level. In the model, rainfall with distribution lags and past groundwater level as a dependent variables were used to estimate present groundwater level. The distribution of the lagged rainfall effects for groundwater levels was modeled by Almon polynomials. The model was applied to Banglim and Tanbu groundwater stations in Pyungchang river and Bocheong stream watershed which are representative basins for International Hydrological Program (IHP). The dynamic model represents observed groundwater levels very well and can be used to predict the levels. The model parameters reflect hydraulic characteristics of aquifer. In addition, from the parameters it appears that the increase in groundwater level due to rainfall takes place significantly within first two days of the rainfall event. The rainfall of the order of 18mm/day and 30mm/day at Banglim and Tanbu, respectively, had no significant effect on the groundwater levels.
Groundwater Recharge Assessment via Grid-based Soil Moisture Route Modeling
Kim, Seong-Jun ; Chae, Hyo-Seok ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 61~72
The purpose of this study is to improve the method of evaluating groundwater recharge by using grid-based soil moisture routing technique. A model which predicts temporal variation and spatial distribution of soil moisture on a daily time step was developed. The model uses ASCII-formatted map data supported by the irregular gridded map of the GRASS(Geographic Resources Analysis Support System)-GIS and can generate daily and monthly spatial distribution map of surface runoff, soil moisture content, evapotranspiration within the watershed. The model was applied to Ipyunggyo watershed(
) located in the upstream of Bocheongchun watershed. Seven maps; DEM(Digital Elevation Mode]), stream, flow path, soil, land use, Thiessen network and free groundwater level, were used for input data. Predicted streamflows resulting from two years (l995, 1996) daily data were compared with the observed values at the watershed outlet. The results of temporal variations and spatial distributions of soil moisture are presented by using GRASS GIS. As a final result, the monthly predicted groundwater recharge was presented.sented.
Development of a Water Quality Model for Streams in an Upland Agricultural Watershed
Choe, Hye-Suk ; O, Gwang-Jung ; Kim, Sang-Hyeon ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 73~85
A water quality model was developed for small stream at a upland agricultural watershed. A control volume method was employed to digest the severe variability of stream shape, water quality and discharge at small streams. We estimated optimum reaction coefficients and model structure using a random number generation technique. The index of agreement and coefficient of efficiency were introduced for the model calibration criterion. As the result, the reliability of model parameter estimation could be improved. The applicability of model was tested by a set of sampling results at Yongduckchun in Kimhae. The variability of water quality reaction coefficient was explored through the observed data and using the developed model. model.
A Feasibility Study of TOPMODEL for a Flood Forecasting Model on a Single Watershed
Bae, Deok-Hyo ; Kim, Jin-Hun ; Gwon, Won-Tae ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 87~98
The objective of this study is to test the flood forecasting capability of TOPMODEL on a single watershed in Korea. The selected study area is the Soyang River basin with outlet at Soyang Dam site. The three daily hydrographs and the three hourly flood events during 1990~1996 are selected for model calibrations and performance tests. The model parameters are estimated on 1990 daily event by manual fitting technique and the effects of topographic index distribution to river flow simulations are investigated on the study area. The model performance on correlation coefficient between the observed and the simulated flows for the verification periods are above 0.77 on the 95-, 96-daily events, while above 0.87 for 90-, 95-, 96-hourly events. By the consideration of flood flow characteristics in Korea, the physical interpretation of the model concept, and the model performance, it can be concluded that the TOPMODEL is feasible as a flood forecasting model in Korea. Korea.
A Proposed Simple Method for Multisite Point Rainfall Generation
Yu, Cheol-Sang ; Lee, Dong-Ryul ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 99~110
In this study we proposed a simple method for generating multi-site daily rainfall based on the 1-order Markov chain and considering the spatial correlation. The occurrence of rainfall is simulated by a simple 1st-order Markov chain and its intensity to be chosen randomly from the observed data. The spatial correlation between sites could be conserved as the rainfall intensity at each site is to be chosen consistently with the target site in time through generation. It is found that the generated daily rainfall data reproduce genera] characteristics of the observed data such as average, standard deviation, average number of wet and dry days, but the clustering level in time is somewhat loosened. Thus, the lag-I correlation coefficient of the generated data gave smaller value than the observed, also the average lengths of wet run and dry run and the wet-to-wet and dry-to-dry probabilities were a bit less than the observed. This drawback seems to be overcome somewhat by choosing a proper site representing overall basin characteristics or by use of more detailed states of rainfall occurrence.
An Analysis of the Flow and Bed Topography Characteristics of Curved Channels with Numerical Model
Jeong, Jae-Uk ; Han, Jeong-Seok ; Yun, Se-Ui ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 111~121
A numerical model which can analyze the flow and bed topography characteristics of a single bend and continuous one was suggested using the equations of mass, momentum, the vertical distribution of secondary flow, and the transverse bed slope. The calculated flow and bed topography characteristic values were compared with the experimental data in a single bend, and the predicted path of maximum streamwise velocity in continuous bends also compared with the Vadnal and Chang's data. The comparisons gave good results. A curved channel with 180 degrees was used. Sand and anthracite were selected as bed materials in the movable bed experiments. The model application of this model to the sand bed and the anthracite one accorded well with the observed values in the experiments. This model was proved to be useful for predicting the flow and bed topography with the change of bed materials. The results of this research could be used to construct and control curved channels as a fundamental information.mation.
Derivation and Comparison of Nash and Diskin Models for IUH
Park, Jin-Uk ; Yu, Cheol-Sang ; Kim, Jung-Hun ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 123~132
In the study the instantaneous unit hydrographs (IUHs) based on the linear Nash (1957) and the nonlinear Diskin (1964) models are derived and compared for the Soyang river basin. Total 14 rainfall runoff events are used for the study and the model parameters are estimated by minimizing the sum of square error considering runoff hydrograph ordinates as relative weights. The representative IUHs for both models are decided to show an average shape of derived IUHs. In the application of the representative IUHs of Nash and Diskin, Diskin model shows better performances in reproducing the observed outflows, especially the peak flow. In the comparison of two Diskin models little difference could be found between the IUHs with the same or different number of two characteristic reservoirs.rvoirs.
Measurements of Permeability Characteristics for Unsaturated Weathered Soils
Ryu, Ji-Hyeop ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 1, 2000, Pages 133~142
Series of tests were carried out to study permeability characteristics of unsaturated soils. The weathered soils taken from Inju, Sungwhan, and Kuri, were selected to have different amount of fine grained soils in order to find a possible correlation between the unsaturated permeability behavior and fine grained soils contents. Measurements of permeability for unsaturated soils were performed with a newly developed apparatus, which modeled after Klute's apparatus(1965a). The apparatus was designed to measure volumetric water content and permeability by applying incremental suction pressure. Permeability and volumetric water content of unsaturated soils generally decreased as density of the soil increased. The relationship between volumetric water content and permeability was not related to the fine grained soils contents because the plots scattered widely. By comparing volumetric water content with permeability, empirical parameters A and B could be determined, which made to be possible to predict unsaturated permeability from soil-moisture characteristics.