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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 33, Issue S1 - May 2000
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Water Quality Simulation in the Midstream and Downstream of Geum-River
Sin, Jae-Gi ; Im, Chang-Su ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 145~157
The Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program 5 (WASP5) and HEC-2 models have been coupled and applied to find the possibility of simulation of long-term river water quality variation. The EUTR05 as a simulator of water quality simulation in WASPS model was used to simulate the water quality variables in the downstream of Geum-River from Daechung multi-purpose dam during the dry period. The water quality and flow rate conditions have been measured at the stage measurement stations located in the downstream of Geum-River from Daechung dam in December, 1998 and January and March, 1999. The water quality simulation model was calibrated with January data of 1999, and verified with December data of 1998 and March data of 1999. The trend of longitudinal variation of water quality variables simulated by model is consistent with that of measured water quality constituents except chlorophyll-a,
simulated with March data of 1999. Furthennore, the chlorophyll a concentration in the mainstream of Geum-River was simulated by changing the concentrations of
flowing into the mainstream of Geum-River from Gabcheon and Mihocheon. The variation of chlorophyll a concentration in the mainstream was almost ignorable except only when
concentrations decreased by 70% flow into the mainstream from Gabcheon and Mihocheon.
The Forecasting of Monthly Runoff using Stocastic Simulation Technique
An, Sang-Jin ; Lee, Jae-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 159~167
The purpose of this study is to estimate the stochastic monthly runoff model for the Kunwi south station of Wi-stream basin in Nakdong river system. This model was based on the theory of Box-Jenkins multiplicative ARlMA and the state-space model to simulate changes of monthly runoff. The forecasting monthly runoff from the pair of estimated effective rainfall and observed value of runoff in the uniform interval was given less standard error then the analysis only by runoff, so this study was more rational forecasting by the use of effective rainfall and runoff. This paper analyzed the records of monthly runoff and effective rainfall, and applied the multiplicative ARlMA model and state-space model. For the P value of V AR(P) model to establish state-space theory, it used Ale value by lag time and VARMA model were established that it was findings to the constituent unit of state-space model using canonical correction coefficients. Therefore this paper confirms that state space model is very significant related with optimization factors of VARMA model.
Quadratic Parabolic Equation to Estimate the Vertical Velocity Distribution in the Natural Streamflow
Park, Seung-Gi ; Kim, Tae-Cheol ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 169~179
The study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of vertical velocity distribution measured by current meter at Kangkyung station in Keum river during the period of 1995 to 1997. It suggests the quadratic parabola equation to estimate the vertical velocity profile only from the measurement data of surface velocity. The equation was found to be statistically very stable and showed high significance to express the surface velocity and bottom velocity. The vertical velocity profile was detennined by the relationships to the surface velocity, and a coefficient of the quadratic parabolic equation. The equation was verified to the reserved survey data, and the results were confirmed to be good for the estimation of the characteristics of the vertical velocity distribution. The vertical velocity profile can be applied to calculating the mean velocity and discharge, and to analyse the dispersion of pollutant materials in the streamflow.
Suspended Sediment Concentrations over Ripples for Waves
Kim, Hyo-Seop ; Kim, Tae-Hyeong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 181~193
This paper presents the flow and the suspended sediment movement over ripples for oscillatory flows. A new numerical model system is developed, and applied to a laboratory experimental condition of regular waves and a fictitious condition of irregular waves. The flow field is obtained from a programme proposed by Kim et. al.(1994), which is a modified version of SOLA based on SMAC scheme. The sub-model solves the continuity and Reynolds momentum equations in the x-z plane. The wave orbital velocities, shear stresses, and pressure are all reasonably reproduced by the model. The model results on the vertical velocity component show good agreement with the measurements. The suspended sediment transport sub-model is newly set up to solve the advection-diffusion equation of suspended sediment using a split method, and involving a special shear entrainment from the whole ripple surface. The calculated suspended sediment concentrations for regular waves show reasonable agreement with measurements at Deltaflume. The model results for random waves show that the suspended sediment concentration is higher than those for regular waves and that the sediment diffuses higher than for regular waves with the significant wave height and the peak wave period of the irregular waves.
Time of Concentration on Impervious Overland
Yu, Dong-Hun ; Jeon, U-Yong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 195~205
Many types of factors were devised to calculate time of concentration. Singh(976) derived time of concentration of overland flow using kinematic wave theory for plane, converging, and diverging geometric configurations. The present paper investigated the time of concentration for particularly plane geometric configuration. A theoretical equation of time of concentration is derived based on the assumption of impervious overland flow as in the open channel flow. The study characterized the overland flow by many types of characteristic flow such as rough turbulent flow, smooth turbulent flow, laminar flow, and then suggested a theoretical equation on each flow condition. The present paper further considered the rainfall intensity as a main factor and devised an approximate composite equation reflecting the effect of rainfall intensity given at various return periods.
Initial Mixing Analysis of Ocean Outfalls Discharged into Density Stratified Flowing Ambients
Lee, Jae-Hyeong ; Seo, Il-Won ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 207~217
A numerical model is applied to analyze the mixing characteristics of an axisymmetric turbulent buoyant jet discharged into flowing stratified ambients. The numerical model is a Gaussian-vortex model which incorporates the effects of the vortex pair known as the representative characteristics of far-field in flowing ambients. Six ocean outfalls that have field data for the initial dilution at the water surface are selected for testing the applicability of the developed numerical model. The comparisons of the observed initial dilutions and the simulated ones show that the developed numerical model could be used for the analyses of the initial mixings induced by the sewage diffuser discharged into the ocean.
Mesoscale Characteristics of Frontal System on Redar Data
Jeong, Yeong-Seon ; Im, Eun-Ha ; Nam, Jae-Cheol ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 219~227
In Korea, heavy rainfall is mainly induced by the Changma front or frontal system passed over Korea periodically. Both its unknown mesoscale characteristics and the lack of direct measurements make it difficult to predict precipitation reasonably. To understand its 3-dimensional structure, initiation and development mechanism of precipitation in that system will be very helpful to forecast it more accurately. A meteorological radar is specially useful because it produces direct measurement with high resolution in time and space. In this study, representative frontal system is selected and analyzed specially focused on its vertical structure using radar data. Results shows that there are convective cells with horizontal scale of 10 - 20 km in precipitation system. Melting layer located between 3 and 5 km height, maximum fall speeds of rain drops were seen just below bright band.
Characterisitcs of Hail Occurred in the Korea Peninsular
Im, Eun-Ha ; Jeong, Yeong-Seon ; Nam, Jae-Cheol ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 229~235
Characteristics of hail occurred during 1989-1998 is studied. Hail is observed mainly at west coast, southwest inland, and Taegwallyong. Average diameter of hailstone is 0.6 cm, and 70% of the occurrence frequency of hail is observed at west coast. During winter and spring, the wet -bulb zero height (WBZ) is low enough to prevent the melting process of hail. But the lack of available low-level moisture (mean mixing ratio in lowest 100 hPa) makes the size of hail small. As a result, smaller size hail is observed frequently over west coast. On the contrary, WBZ is higher during summer, it means that hail is melted before it reaches ground, but the size of hail is bigger. Thus the larger hail is observed mainly Taegwallyong during summer. Hail is observed from 1100 LST to 1500 LST over west coast and around 1800 LST over Taegwallyong. It suggest that thermally driven mesoscale circulations such as land-sea breeze and mountain ridge-valley circulation aid in the formation of hail. Upper and surface air temperature is related to formation of hailstorm. Before formation of hailstorm in November 1998, the upper air temperature decreases. And hails is observed in the spot of strong temperature and dew point temperature gradient coincidently.
Estimation of Rock Erodibility due to Energy Dissipation of Inflow Passing through the Sluice Gate of Seadike
Jo, Jin-Hun ; Park, Yeong-Jin ; Park, Sang-Hyeon ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 237~245
Sihwa seadike is originally designed to control the water level In lake Sihwa. However the sluice gate is being operated everyday to preserve the water quality of lake. Due to the frequent operation of gates the bottom of drainage canal which is composed of weathered rock and soft rock is being scoured. Recently the bottom in the front area of apron was protected by putting underwater concrete. This study is carried out to understand the hydraulic situation for protection, and to estimate the trend of scouring by comparing between energy dissipation and registance of bottom rock. Annandale(1995) introduced the erodibility index theory, and suggested a criteria to judge the erodibility of rock through the relation between the erodibility index and energy dissipation. Determenation of erodibility index of rock is based on the results of sample core analysis, and the energy dissipation of flow is calculated from the estimation of total head on the scale model. These two values are plotted on the criteria, and the erodibility of rock is determined.
The Flood Water Stage Prediction based on Neural Networks Method in Stream Gauge Station
Kim, Seong-Won ; Salas, Jose-D. ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 247~262
In this paper, the WSANN(Water Stage Analysis with Neural Network) model was presented so as to predict flood water stage at Jindong which has been the major stream gauging station in Nakdong river basin. The WSANN model used the improved backpropagation training algorithm which was complemented by the momentum method, improvement of initial condition and adaptive-learning rate and the data which were used for this study were classified into training and testing data sets. An empirical equation was derived to determine optimal hidden layer node between the hidden layer node and threshold iteration number. And, the calibration of the WSANN model was performed by the four training data sets. As a result of calibration, the WSANN22 and WSANN32 model were selected for the optimal models which would be used for model verification. The model verification was carried out so as to evaluate model fitness with the two-untrained testing data sets. And, flood water stages were reasonably predicted through the results of statistical analysis. As results of this study, further research activities are needed for the construction of a real-time warning of the impending flood and for the control of flood water stage with neural network method in river basin. basin.
Derivation of Probable Rainfall Intensity Formulas at Inchon District
Choe, Gye-Un ; An, Tae-Jin ; Gwon, Yeong-Sik ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 2, 2000, Pages 263~276
This paper is to derive the probable rainfall depths and the probable rainfall intensity formulas for Inchon Metropolitan district. The annual maximum rainfall data from 10 min. to 6 hours have been collected from the Inchon weather station. Eleven types of probability distribution are considered to estimate probable rainfall depths for 12 different storm durations at the Inchon Metropolitan district. Three tests including Chi-square, Kolmogorov-Smimov and Cramer Von Mises with the graphical analysis are adopted to select the best probability distribution. The probable rainfall intensity formulas are then determined by the least squares method using the trial and error approach. Five types of Talbot type, Sherman type, Japanese type, Unified type I, and Unified type II are considered to determine the best type for the Inchon rainfall intensity. The root mean squared errors are computed to compare the accuracy from the derived formulas. It has been suggested that the probable rainfall intensities having Unified type I for the short term duration should be the most reliable formulas by considering the root mean squared errors and the difference between computed probable rainfall depth and estimated probable rainfall depth.