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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 33, Issue S1 - May 2000
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Application of Topographic Index Calculation Algorithm considering Topographic Properties
Lee, Ji-Yeong ; Kim, Sang-Hyeon ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 279~288
The impact of land slope to the degree of flow divergence was considered employing distributional applications of slope exponents in the now directlOn algoriUnns. Lmear, exponential and ]X)wer law of distributional functIons were employed to address the variation of slope exponents m a terrain analysis. Dongok subwatershed at Wichun test watershed was selected as a study area. Digital Elevation Models of 20m, 30m, 40m and 50m grid size were made to perfonn the analysis. Various calcualtion methodologies of topographic index and the impact of grid sizes were investigated in terms of statistical and spatial aspects. DIstributional applications of slope e.xponents made it possible to represent the flow divergence and convergence about the ten-ain characteristics. The Monte~Carlo method was used to simulate six runoff events to check the impact of topographic factor in the runoff simulation.
Optimal Design of Hydraulic Device at the Seobyun Pumping Station using Genetic Algorithm
Jeong, Bong-Seok ; Kim, Ju-In ; Kim, Sang-Hyeon ; Park, Nam-Sik ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 289~298
In order to minimize the impact of water hammer In a pipeline, a determination of optimum position of hydraulic structures with best operation of pressure relief valve was explored at the Seobyun pumping station. Method of characteristics is used to simulate a surge impact originating from abrupt stop of pumping operation in a pipeline. Genetic algorithm shows a powerful capability in searching a global solution, especially for a nonlinear problem The application results suggests that the maximum positive pressure can be relaxed by decreasing the opening time of pressure relief valve, meanwhile the maximum negative pressure can be relaxed by increasing the opening time of pressure relief valve. This study shows that the integration of a genetic algorithm with a transient analysis technique such as method of characteristic can improve the design of hydraulic structure in a pipe network.
Mixing of Freshwater with Seawater inside Boom and Skirt System
O, Yeong-Min ; Jeong, Sin-Taek ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 299~306
Korea IS one of countries to be predicted short of water in the 21st century. The government has been investigating various alternatives to resolve the problems including construction of reservoirs. Freshwater retention techniques using boom and skirt system is one of them. It is very difficult to intake water in the estuaries of south and west coast of Korea because a big tide penetrates into an upstream river. Thus, means or retaining and keeping separate freshwater from seawater could potentially be helpful in solving the water supply problems. In this study, the proposed means to achieve freshwater retention is by use of floating boom and skirt systems. The hydraulic viability of these systems in taking advantage of natural stratification tendencies between the fresh and seawaters has been investigated through hydraulic experiments. It is found that freshwater retention capacity depends on skirt length and the opening beneath the skirt. The choice of skirt length IS very important to optimize freshwater storage because longer skirt lengths cause faster mixing and shorter lengths retain less volume. Results show that the freshwater retention volume generally increases as the length of the skirt increases. However, they show that water storage might be insufficient if skirts were either too long or too short.
A Study on the Recurrence Characteristics of Wet and Dry Years Appeared in Seoul Annual Rainfall Data
Yu, Cheol-Sang ; Kim, Bo-Yun ; No, Jae-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 307~314
This study is to investigate the recurrence characteristics of wet and dry years using over 200 year records of annual rainfall depth including Chosun Age in Korea. As well as analyzing the correlation structure of the raw data, recurrence trends of wet and dry year has been investigated based on several truncation levels (mean,
). Also the transition probability among wet, dry and normal years has been derived for the same truncation levels. and finally the average return periods based on the steady-state probabilities were obtained. This analysis has been applied to not only the entire data but also partial data set of before- and after-the long dry period around 1900 in order to compare and detect the possible difference between the Chukwooki (an old raingauge invented in Chosun age) and the modem flip-bucket style. As a result, Similar pattern of dry and wet year recurrence has been found, but the return period of extremely dry years after the dry period shown longer than that before the dry period. Assuming that the dry and wet years can be defined as
standard deviations, respectively, the return period of the wet years is shown to be about 5~6 years and that of the dry years about 6~7 years.
Investigation of the Characteristic Velocity of Geomorphologic Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph
Kim, Sang-Dan ; Yu, Cheol-Sang ; Yun, Yong-Nam ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 315~330
The GIUH (Geomorphologic Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph) is to be applied to the ungauged or insufficiently gauged basins. For tIris purpose, an accurate estimation of the charactenstlc velocity is one very important part, but any proper method for this has not been developed yet. In case that we have enough rainfall and runoff clata, the estimation of the characteristic velocity may be an easy job, but it is out of the purpose of the GIUH. Remindmg that the purpose of GIUH the characterisbc veloclty should be estimated based on the geomorpholog1c analysis and also be snnple for easy apphcation. In tIris research analysis cmd application of the GruH was given to several sub-basins in Wi-stream river basin, Gono, Donggok and Hyoryung. After deriving the characteristic velocity througn a optimizatlOn process with real data, it is compared w1th several velOCIties der1ved from geOlnoI1Jhoclimatic instantaneous unit hydrograph theory and several other concentration time formulae. The estimated charactenstic velocities using Kerby, Kim, KInematic Wave, and Brasby- Williams formulae found to g1ve the appropriate results. Hmvever, as the Kerby, and the Kinematic Wave require user's decision of the IvIanning's n value, the K1m and the Braby-Williams seem to be more applicable and recommended as characteristic velocity formula.
Hydraulic Model for Real Time Forecasting of Inundation Risk
Han, Geon-Yeon ; Son, In-Ho ; Lee, Jae-Yeong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 331~340
This study aims to develop a methodology of real time forecasting of mundation risk based on DAMBRK model and Kalman filter. The model is based on implicit, nonlinear finite difference approximatIons of the one-dimensional dynamic wave equations. The stochastic estimator uses on extended Kalman filter to provide optimal updating estimates. These are accomplished by combining the predictions of the determurustic model with real time observauons modified by the Kalman filter gain ractor. Inundation risks are also estimated by applying Monte Carlo simulation to consider the variability in cross section geometry and Manning's roughness coefficient. The model calibrated by applying to the floods ot South Han River on September, 1990 and August, 1995. The Kalman tilter model indicates that significant improvement compared to deteriministic analysis in flood routing predictions in the river. Overtopping risk of levee is also presented by comparing levee height with simulated flood level. level.
Development of Stochastic-Dynamic Channel Routing Model by Storage Function Method
Bae, Deok-Hyo ; Jeong, Il-Mun ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 341~350
The objectives of this study are to develop a state-space form of stochastic dynamic storage function routing model and to test the model performance for real-time flow forecast. The selected study area is the main Han River starting from Paldang Dam site to Indogyo station and the 13 flood events occurred from 1987 to 1998 are selected for computing model parameters and testing the model performance. It was shown that the optimal model parameters are quite different depending on Hood events, but the values used on field work also give reasonable results in this study area. It is also obvious that the model performance from the stochastic-dynamic model developed in this study gives more accurate and reliable results than that from the existing deterministic model. Analysis for allowable forecast lead time leads that under the current time step the reasonable predicted downstream flows in 5 hours time advance are obtained from the stochastic dynamic model on relatively less lateral inflow event in the study area.
A Study on the Effect of Water Quality Improvement of a Storm Sewage by Detention Pond
Lee, Jong-Tae ; Song, Chi-Heung ; Gang, Tae-Ho ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 351~364
The effect of water quality improvement of combined sewage by detention pond has been studied. It is convinced that the pollutant load and peak flow through the combined sewer by first rainfall and runoff can be decreased by detention pond sited at the outlet of small basin. Hydraulic modeling of detention panel was performed for two cases of sedimentation pond and gravel contact pond. It has been recognized that it is more efficient to reduce the pollutant of combined sewage when the combined sewage is released alter a fixed detention time in the detention pond than it is released continuously without detention time. The gravel contact detention pond shows higher pollutant removal rate than the sedimentation detention pond in all pollutants. When it comes to gravel contact detention pond, the gravel pond filled with crushed gravel has a higher pollutant removal rate than that filled with river gravel.
Determination of Optimal Unit Hydrographs and Infultration Rate Functions from Single Rainfall-Runoff Event
An, Tae-Jin ; Ryu, Hui-Jeong ; Jeong, Gwang-Geun ; Sim, Myeong-Pil ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 365~374
This paper is to present the determination of the optimal Joss rate parameters and urnt bydrographs from the observed single rainfall-runoff event using optimization models coupled with a stochastic technique for the global solution. Two kinds of the linear program models are formulated to derive the optimal unit hydrographs and loss rate parameters for gaged basins; one mimmizes the summation of the absolute residual between predlCted and observed runoff ordinates and the other, the maximum absolute residuaL Multistart algorithm which is one or stochastic techniques for the global optimum is adopted to perturb the parameters of the loss rate equations. Multistart efficiently searches the feasIble region to identify the global optimlUll for loss rate parameters, which yields the optimal loss rate parameters and unit hydrograph for Kostiakov's, Plulip's, and Horton's equation. The unique unit hydrograph ordinates for a gIven rainfall-runoff event iS exclusrvely obtained WIth
index, but unit hydrograph ordinates depend upon the parameters [or each loss rate equations. The parameters of Green-Ampt's are determined through a trial and error method. In this paper the single rainfall-nmoff event observed from a watershed is considered to test the proposed method. The optimal unit hydrograph herein found has smaller deviations than the ones reported previously by other researchers.
An Analysis of the Transition Time between Dry and Wet Period in the Han River Basin
Lee, Jae-Su ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 3, 2000, Pages 375~382
The surface hydrology of large watershed is susceptible to several preferred stable states with transitions between stable states induced by stochastic fluctuations. This comes about due to the close coupling of land surface and atmospheric interaction. An interesting and important issue is the duration of residence in each mode. In this study, mean transition tunes between the stable modes are analyzed for the Han River Basin. On the basis of historical data, the nonlinear water balance model is calibrated for the Han River Basin. The transition times between the stable modes in the model are studied based on the stochastic representation of the physical processes and on the calibrated model parameters. This study has implications for prediction of the transition time between stable modes or residence times, that is, the time the system spends in a given stable modes, since this would be equivalent to predicting the duration of drought or wet conditions.