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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 33, Issue S1 - May 2000
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Characterisitics of Wave-Induced Current in the vicinity of Wolpo Harbor
Lee, Seong-Dae ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 661~669
The accurate prediction of wave-induced currents is indispensible to analyze the beach deformation due to the sediment transport or dispersion in the surf zone, which often gives rises to serious environmental problems in the coastal region. Although many numerical models have been suggested up to now, it is not easy to properly simulate wave-induced currents, in particular, over a complex topography. In order to solve these problems, we have to understand the mechanism of wave transformation and wave-induced currents, to compare results numerical models with those of field measurements, and to find the validity and the applicability of them. And, also the validity of the model has been confirmed by the field investigation.
Regionalization of Daily Flow Characteristics Using Flow Duration Curve and Spatial Interpolation Algorithm
Yun, Yong-Nam ; Kim, Jae-Seong ; Lee, Dong-Ryul ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 671~679
Regionalization technique using flow duration curve and spatial interpolation algorithm is developed for the purpose of estimating daily flow time series at ungauged station. In this study, we assumed a part of 8 gauging stations of Nakdong River basin as ungauged stations. Then, we generated flow duration curves and daily flow hydrographs by regionalization technique at ungauged stations. And we compared generated and observed hydrographs. The simulation results showed that the observed flows were well simulated by the proposed method and that the general patterns of the observed flows were satisfactorily reproduced by the regionalization technique. From these results, it is possible that we obtain daily flow information without application of labour intensive and time consuming deterministic models, which require complicating quantification of model parameter values. And we compared the regionalization techniques with the specific discharge method which is the most general approach in hydrological practice in Korea. The results showed that the regionalization technique was superior to specific discharge method.method.
Building a Flood Database and Its Utilization to Reduce Flood Risk
An, Sang-Hyeok ; Noguchi, M. ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 681~688
For the reduction of flood damage, it is necessary to analyse shelter activities of local residents and to publish information of floodings, In this paper the control factors of individual refuge activities which are major activities to save peoples lives against floodings have been estimated. Decision making factors for mental refuge activity by the questionnaire survey were classified into two categories: internal and external ones. Furthermore, the behaviour patterns of residents for flood risk related to geographical and social factors were derived by the quantification method n. Since spatial layered information using GIS were corrected and estimated to serve citizen's consensus due to flood disaster, it would aid reduction and minimization of flood risk.d risk.
Integrated Storage Function Model with Fuzzy Control for Flood Forecasting (I) - Theory and Proposal of Model -
Lee, Jeong-Gyu ; Kim, Han-Seop ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 689~699
This paper presents the integrated storage function model (ISFM) to improve the accuracy of the storage function model (SFM) which is widely employed for flood runoff analysis and its forecasting in Korea. In order to achieve this objective, the optimization method is applied for estimation of parameters of the model which dominate the accuracy of the analysis, which is usually taken by empirical formulae, and they are treated as time dependent variables. The fuzzy control technique is used to detennine the time variant parameters. In addition, the ISFM can be applied to the combined routing of the watershed and the channel with a residual watershed.ershed.
Integrated Storage Function Model with Fuzzy Control for Flood Forecasting (II) - Theory and Proposal of Model -
Lee, Jeong-Gyu ; Kim, Han-Seop ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 701~709
Integrated storage function model (ISFM) is applied to some rainfall-runoff events of the selected basins in Korea to show validity of the proposed model. Comparing the numerical results of the model with the field measurements, the simulated hydrographs and peak flood discharges for the most part showed good agreements, except the occurrence time of the peak discharges which showed a bit discrepancy, and they showed it was very hard to have a sufficient lead-time to forecast the flood when the upstream inflow of the channel reach was more dominant than the inflow from the residual watershed of the channel.hannel.
Computation of Bed Load Transport in Rivers
Yu, Dong-Hun ; Sin, Seung-Ho ; Im, Hak-Su ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 711~723
Existing equations of bed load transport have large variations in their forms and adopt different variables so that it is very difficult to understand the characteristics of each equation. Different sets of measurement data have been employed for the development of various equations, and the comparison between them is completely dependent on the choice of the data for the verification. Several equations seem to have some defects in their basic assumptions. Various non-dimensional physical numbers directly associated with the mechanism of bed load transport are related with each other, and one of them is chosen for the unification of the form. Good ideas introduced in a certain equation are employed for the refinement of other equations. Then optimum values of empirical parameters have been determined by using the data collected by Brownlie(1981) and a new bed load equation has been developed, which is considered widely valid and relatively very accurate.curate.
Bridge Pier Scour Protection by Sack Gabions
Yun, Tae-Hun ; Kim, Dae-Hong ; Lee, Ji-Song ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 725~731
Experimental studies were conducted in a clear water condition to investigate the functioning of a sack gabion as a scour countermeasure at bridge piers. For different sizes of fill materials of sack gabions no difference was observed in the initial movement of sack gabions. Significant factors on the dislodging of sack gabions are approaching flow depth and velocity, pier width, and thickness and length of sack gabions. It was observed that the stability of the sack gabions is increased in a collective body of riprap stones than the placement of individual riprap stone. The length of a sack gabion has significant effect on its initial movement and the stability of a sack gabion was found to be increased by lengthening the length of gabions. The experimental results were used to derive formulas sizing gabions for scour protection at bridge piers. piers.
Development of Han River Multi-Reservoir Operation Rules by Linear Tracking
Yu, Ju-Hwan ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 733~744
Due to the randomness of reservoir inflow and supply demand it is not easy to establish an optimal reservoir operation rule. However, the operation rule can be derived by the implicit stochastic optimization approach using synthetic inflow data with some demand satisfied. In this study the optimal reservoir operation which was reasonably formulated as Linear Tracking model for maximizing the hydro-energy of seven reservoirs system in the Han river was performed by use of the optimal control theory. Here the operation model made to satisfy the 2001st year demand in the capital area inputted the synthetic inflow data generated by multi-site Markov model. Based on the regressions and statistic analyses of the optimal operation results, monthly reservoir operation rules were developed with the seasonal probabilities of the reservoir stages. The comparatively larger dams which would have more controllability such as Hwacheon, Soyanggang, and Chungju had better regressions between the storages and outflows. The effectiveness of the rules was verified by the simulation during actually operating period.period.
Development of Reservoir Operation Model using Simulation Technique in Flood Season (I)
Sin, Yong-No ; Maeng, Seung-Jin ; Go, Ik-Hwan ; Lee, Hwan-Gi ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 745~755
The dam operation system of KOWACO for flood control doesn't have capability to account for the downstream hydrologic conditions and any feasible index to decide the pre-release from the forecasted rainfall and inflow. In this study, a dam operation model for flood control was developed to account for the flood flow condition of its downstream to give users the dam release schedules. Application test of EV ROM to Keum River showed that EV ROM is superior to the Rigid ROM and Technical ROM which are currently used by KOWACO. EV ROM developed in this study provides a release schedule accounting for the cumulative lateral flow hydrograph at the downstream control points where the discharge does not depend only on the dam operation. but also on lateral inflow from the tributaries. In order to reduce the peak discharge at the control points, it suggests the preliminary release during the early rising phase of the predicted hydrograph, holding the flood flow inside the dam during a peak phase, and afterward resuming the release. Three case studies of flood control by the operation of Daechung Multipurpose Dam in Geum River Basin show that the EV ROM is superior to the Rigid ROM and Technical ROM. This must be due to its nature to account for the downstream flow condition as well as the inflow and water level of the dam. It was also conceived that further case studies of EV ROM and more accurate rainfall prediction would improve the dam operation for flood control.ontrol.
Characteristics of Pollutant Load from a Dam Reservoir Watershed - Case study on Seomjinkang Dam Reservoir -
Lee, Yo-Sang ; Gang, Byeong-Su ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 757~764
The investigation of water quality was performed at the upstream of Seomjinkang dam reservoir for the examination of pollutant load characteristics of the reservoir watershed during flood and normal flow periods. The highest water quality concentration was occurred at Y ongsan during normal flow period where it has been more polluted by population and livestock than other sites. Pollutant load varied depending on the sampling site, rainfall intensity and antecedent precipitation during the rainy period. Based on the water quality data measured from 1998 to 1999, the average concentration during rainy period was much higher than that of non~rainy period: BOD was 1.2~1.4 times, COD 1.2~1.7 times, SS 2.6~5.4 times, T-N 2.3~3.0 times, and T-P 2.4~7.5 times respectively. When the pollutant load measured during 7 different rainy periods in 1999 was compared with total pollutant load in 1999, the BOD and COD load measured during the 7 different rainy periods were 28% that is about 1.6 times as high as those of 1999. On the other hand, the rainfall amount measured during the 7 different rainy periods was about 17.5% of total rainfall amount in 1999. The total pollutant load of TN and TP measured during the 7 different rainy periods was almost 50% of total TN and TP loads in 1999. In case of SS, it was 72.8%. It was concluded that the inflow of pollutants into the lake during the rainy period held a high portion of total inflow in 1999. It was suggested that long~term water quality monitoring be performed to better quantity pollutant load to the lake especially during rainy periods.eriods.
Methodology for Estimating Agricultural Water Supply in the Han River Basin
Im, Sang-Jun ; Park, Seung-U ; Kim, Hyeon-Jun ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 765~774
The purpose of this study are to develop a realistic methodology to estimate agricultural water supply for rice paddy fields from reservoirs, pumping stations, intake structures, and tube wells on river basin scale. Agricultural water supply from irrigation reservoirs are estimated using the daily or ten day's storage rate data and DIROMmaily Inigation Reservoir Operation Model) model. Estimation of daily water supply from pumping station are carried out from the annual water use with typical water supply patterns. The daily groundwater withdrawn are investigated from the gross water requirement for rice and the design capacity of tube well. And, the daily intake discharge are estimated the minimum amount from the gross water requirement, stream discharge, and the design capacity. During 1993 to 1997, the annual water supply for irrigation in the Han river basin ranged from 569 to 709 million
, and the mean was estimated to be 640 million
Development of an Analytical Model of BOD(AMB) for Total Pollution Load Regulation
Kim, Gyeong-Seop ; An, Tae-Jin ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 775~782
Water quality models can be applied to manage the regional water quality problems and to estimate the target and allowable pollution load in watershed effectively. Since the models such as QUAL2E, W ASP5 and HSPF need many data and are not easily applied in real systems, the water quality model, which would be simple and easily applicable, has been required. Thus, an Analytical Model of BOD(AMB) considering travel time of pollutant was developed for the total pollution load regulation in drainage basin. It was found that the main stream length of a sub-basin in the AMB should be shorter than 7km and the length of distributed pollutant load should also be shorter than 3.5km in a sub-basin. The basin in the AMB could be divided into sub-basins with almost same hydraulic characteristics and reaction rate constant satisfying the proposed stream length. The running results of the AMB in a small stream were very close to the results of QUAL2E, which is widely used one in the world. Therefore, the AlVIB can be used to regulate the total pollution load in drainage district by local government.rnment.
A Study of Temporal Characteristics From Multi-Dimensional Precipitation Model
Kim, Sang-Dan ; Yu, Cheol-Sang ; Kim, Jung-Hun ; Yun, Yong-Nam ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 783~791
A multidimensional representation for precipitation, given In the theory proposed by E. Waymire et al. (1984), is used for simulating rainfall in space and time. The model produces moving storms with realistic meso-scale meteorological features in time and space. The first- and second-order statistics derived from observed JX)int gauge data were used to estimate the model parameters based on the Nelder-Mead algorithm of optimization. Then twelve-year traces of rainfall intensities at fixed gage stations were generated at intervals of 1 hours. First- and second-order statistics are evaluated from the above series, which are used for estimating the parameters of one dimensional model of temporal rainfall at a point. As a result from the comparisons of one dimensional model parameters used observed and generated data from multidimensional model, we found that the multidimensional rainfall model generated visually realistic spatial patterns of rainfall as well as realistic temporal hyetographs of rainfall at a point. point.
A Study on Runoff Characteristics by the Moving Storm in the Watershed using GIS
Choe, Gye-Un ; Gang, Hui-Gyeong ; Park, Yong-Seop ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 793~804
Even thought the distribution of the rainfall in the watershed is spatially and temporally vareid, the simulation of the runoff from the watershed is frequently conducted with the constant rainfall distribution assumption. However, the runoff simulated with this assumption indicates over the certain accuracy limitation and the difference by this assumption is bigger in the case of the moving storm which can be frequently indicated with the typhoon, cyclone and hurricane and so on. In this paper, the runoff characteristics of the moving storm are investigated using GIS technique and the isohyetal map observed from 16:00 to 23:00 on August 2, 1999 to the Chun Yang rain gage. The runoff simulated by the moving storms moving to the eight different directions is compared with the others and indicates the big difference with the maximum runoff in the SE direction in the Bokha experimental watershed. Also, the runoff by the moving storm having different moving velocities is compared with the others and indicates the big difference with the bigger discharge in the slowly moving storm. Through the simulation using GIS technique in the watershed, the advantages of the easy preparation of the data and the short computational time can be obtained.
Analysis of Bragg Reflection using Two-Dimensional Boundary Element Method
Kim, Yeong-Taek ; Jo, Yong-Sik ; Lee, Jeong-Gyu ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 805~814
A numerical model based on the boundary element method is employed to describe diffraction of monochromatic water waves due to varying topographies. The model is firstly verified by comparing obtained reflection and transmission coefficients of waves over a trench to those of the eigenfunction expansion method. The model is then used to investigate the Bragg reflection of waves over sinusoidally varying topographies. Calculated reflection coefficients are compared to available laboratory measurements and semi-theoretical results. A reasonably good agreement is observed.served.
Improvement of Einstein's Suspended Load Equation
Yu, Dong-Hun ; Sin, Seung-Ho ; Im, Hak-Su ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 33, issue 6, 2000, Pages 815~825
In the present work Einstein's(l942) suspended load equation IS refined in vanous aspects. After checking the flow characteristics a new method is presented for the estimation of zero velocity point at the condition of smooth turbulent flow, and non-dimensional number of suspended load is introduced for the clear representation of suspended load equation. And a recent equation of bed load is employed in order to calculate accurately the sediment concentration at a reference point. Several approximation equations are also developed to compute directly or explicitly two integrals introduced in the equations. The refined equation has been tested against the measurement data collected by Brownlie(l981) in comparison with Einstein's original equation.uation.