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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 41, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 41, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 41, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 41, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 41, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 41, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Determination of Weight Coefficients of Multiple Objective Reservoir Operation Problem Considering Inflow Variation
Kim, Min-Gyu ; Kim, Jae-Hee ; Kim, Sheung-Kown ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~15
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.1.001
The purpose of this study is to propose a procedure that will be able to find the most efficient sets of weight coefficients for the Geum-River basin in Korea. The result obtained from multi-objective optimization model is inherently sensitive to the weight coefficient on each objective. In multi-objective reservoir operation problems, the coefficient setting may be more complicated because of the natural variation of inflow. Therefore, for multi-objective reservoir operation problems, it may be important for modelers to provide reservoir operators with appropriate sets of weight coefficients considering the inflow variation. This study presents a procedure to find an appropriate set of weight coefficients under the situation that has inflow variation. The proposed procedure uses GA-CoMOM to provide a set of weight coefficient sets. A DEA-window analysis and a cross efficiency analysis are then performed in order to evaluate and rank the sets of weight coefficients for various inflow scenarios. This proposed procedure might be able to find the most efficient sets of weight coefficients for the Geum-River basin in Korea.
An Application of a New Two-Way Regression Model for Rating Curves
Lee, Chang-Hae ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 1, 2008, Pages 17~25
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.1.017
Whether rating curves are used in practice or new ones are derived, the characteristics of regression analysis are often neglected. For example, a discharge rating curve, which is established from a regression of observed water levels (H) on observed flowrates(Q), is sometimes used for estimating a design water level corresponding to a simulated design flood runoff. However, if independent and dependent variables are changed with each other, the regression equation is changed in existing regression analysis, which is derived from vertical errors between observed data and regression line. Thus, regression equations should not be applied inversely. To avoid this problem, A new two-way variable least-squares regression analysis is proposed. The new method was applied to the rating curves of five water level stations on main stream of Nakdong River. The three kinds of regression models, which are respectively regression of Q versus H (model 1), H versus Q (model 2) and two-way (model 3), showed that the new method can reduce inadvertent mistakes when applied in practice.
Assessment of Available Coastal Groundwater Resources Using Strack's Single-potential Analytical Solution
Cui, Lei ; Lee, Chang-Hae ; Park, Nam-Sik ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 1, 2008, Pages 27~34
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.1.027
Groundwater development in coastal areas induces saltwater intrusion. In many cases amount of groundwater resources available for development is limited by a pre-specified limit of additional saltwater intrusion. In this paper a simple equation is developed to assess available groundwater resources which depends on the constraint of acceptable additional saltwater intrusion. Strack#s single-potential analytical solution is used to derive the equation. Available groundwater increases as more additional intrusion is allowed. However, critical points limit both the maximum pumping rate and the allowed saltwater intrusion limit. The equation is presented in the form of design curves from which the maximum pumping rate can be read off quickly. The equation and the design curves are suitable for preliminary estimation of available groundwater resources in coastal areas.
At-site Low Flow Frequency Analysis Using Bayesian MCMC: I. Theoretical Background and Construction of Prior Distribution
Kim, Sang-Ug ; Lee, Kil-Seong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 1, 2008, Pages 35~47
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.1.035
The low flow analysis is an important part in water resources engineering. Also, the results of low flow frequency analysis can be used for design of reservoir storage, water supply planning and design, waste-load allocation, and maintenance of quantity and quality of water for irrigation and wild life conservation. Especially, for identification of the uncertainty in frequency analysis, the Bayesian approach is applied and compared with conventional methodologies in at-site low flow frequency analysis. In the first manuscript, the theoretical background for the Bayesian MCMC (Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo) method and Metropolis-Hasting algorithm are studied. Two types of the prior distribution, a non-data- based and a data-based prior distributions are developed and compared to perform the Bayesian MCMC method. It can be suggested that the results of a data-based prior distribution is more effective than those of a non-data-based prior distribution. The acceptance rate of the algorithm is computed to assess the effectiveness of the developed algorithm. In the second manuscript, the Bayesian MCMC method using a data-based prior distribution and MLE(Maximum Likelihood Estimation) using a quadratic approximation are performed for the at-site low flow frequency analysis.
At-site Low Flow Frequency Analysis Using Bayesian MCMC: II. Application and Comparative Studies
Kim, Sang-Ug ; Lee, Kil-Seong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 1, 2008, Pages 49~63
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.1.049
The Bayesian MCMC(Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo) and the MLE(Maximum Likelihood Estimation) methods using a quadratic approximation are applied to perform the at-site low flow frequency analysis at the 4 stage stations (Nakdong, Waegwan, Goryeonggyo, and Jindong). Using the results of two types of the estimation method, the frequency curves including uncertainty are plotted. Eight case studies using the synthetic flow data with a sample size of 100, generated from 2-parmeter Weibull distribution are performed to compare with the results of analysis using the MLE and the Bayesian MCMC. The Bayesian MCMC and the MLE are applied to 36 years of gauged data to validate the efficiency of the developed scheme. These examples illustrate the advantages of the Bayesian MCMC and the limitations of the MLE based on a quadratic approximation. From the point of view of uncertainty analysis, the Bayesian MCMC is more effective than the MLE using a quadratic approximation when the sample size is small. In particular, the Bayesian MCMC is a more attractive method than MLE based on a quadratic approximation because the sample size of low flow at the site of interest is mostly not enough to perform the low flow frequency analysis.
A Study on Flood Discharge Capacity and Hydraulic Characteristic of Labyrinth Weir as a Side-Channel Spillway
Park, Sae-Hoon ; Moon, Young-Il ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 1, 2008, Pages 65~74
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.1.065
The small and medium sized dams have the fill dam type of a lot of occasions, which are often weak in cases of major floods. For this reason, although a countermeasure is in great need, due to the importance of the facilities and financial situations, no direct safety measures have been taken. In this study, in order to minimize construction expenditure for practical safety measures in cases of major floods, the overflow section of spillway has been analyzed focusing on how the overflow capacity will increase in the case of partially rebuilding a part of the overflow section of spillway favorable for hydraulic conditions. The Labyrinth weir and movable weir was chosen for reconstruction models of the overflow section. Moreover, for analyzing the after-effects of the reconstruction, a small scale dam was temporarily chosen for various experiments such as the hydraulic model testing and the three dimension numerical evaluation through the use of Flow-3D.
A Study on the Hydraulic Characteristics of Culvert Fishway with Offset Baffles and Fish Passage Effect
Park, Seong-Yong ; Choi, Ji-Woong ; Yoon, Byung-Man ; Kim, Seo-Jun ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 1, 2008, Pages 75~85
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.1.075
The pale chub (Zacco platypus) is a dominant species that migrates locally and inhabits in rivers in Korea. The fish movement at confluences or hydraulic connections is very important especially for the life of small fish as pale chub. If main stream and off-channel habitats are connected with culverts, they would restrict the fish movement due to the high flow velocities and low depths. In foreign conturies, design flow conditions of fish friendly culvert, including flood flow capacity and fish-passage flow capacity, were assigned. Installation of culvert fishways is one way to improve the fish-passing capacity of culverts. On the contrary, in Korea, the design flow of culvert contains only the flood flow capacity. The effect of the fish passage with offset baffles was tested with the fixed velocity method in an experimental flume. As a result, An occasion velocity 1.2m/s, proportional success of pale chubs pass is maximum 20% improve than without baffle flume for energy dissipate. Offset baffle fishway(baffle height 5cm) provides that resting areas and/or a continuous channel of low velocity water in culverts. Especially, short baffle areas are domain where the pale chubs pass. And, FLOW-3D, a three dimentional numerical model, was used in order to evaluate detailed hydraulic characteristics and application possibility in a culvert fishway design.
Development of Alternative Evaluation Index Using Multicriteria Decision Making Techniques
Chung, Eun-Sung ; Lee, Kil-Seong ; Park, Kyung-Shin ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 1, 2008, Pages 87~100
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.1.087
The alternative evaluation index (AEI) is developed and applied to determine the priorities of some options for integrated watershed management. Based on the results of continuous simulation model, AEIs of some feasible alternatives are calculated using multicriteria decision making techniques and sustainability evaluation model, DPSIR (Drivers-Pressure-State-Impact-Response).
Evaluation of Alternative Benefit Using Choice Experiment Method and Alternative Evaluation Index
Chung, Eun-Sung ; Kong, Ki-Seo ; Lee, Kil-Seong ; Yoo, Jin-Chae ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 1, 2008, Pages 101~113
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.1.101
Cost-benefit analysis was conducted to propose the best alternatives for integrated watershed management. Benefits of all alternatives were estimated combining results of choice experiment method with alternative evaluation index (AEI). Choice experiment which is a kind of stated preference techniques was applied to six regions since the Anyangcheon watershed was divided into six according to spatial characteristics and conditions (potential hazard and location). Alternative of NB > 0 must be considerable since they are economically and technically feasible.