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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 41, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 41, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 41, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 41, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 41, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 41, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Applying Game Theory for Strategy Transboundary River : the case of Han River in North and South Koreans
Choi, Dong-Jin ; Lee, Mi-Hong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 4, 2008, Pages 353~363
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.4.353
This study aims to set up the appropriate strategies for the transboundary river between South and North Korea. We took the example of Bukhan River which penetrates both Koreas to illustrate this idea, and applied Game Theory to get the solutions. Previous studies have mainly dealt with counterplan in case of confliction. On the contrary, this study has the premise that there could be much more cooperations. The analysis shows that the best choice is to develop the basin together. For example, they can make up development plan for Imjin basin which ranges from North Korea and South. As the result, South Korea can get the stable water volume in the river and North Korea can have the chances for economic revitalization.
Development of an Inundation Risk Evaluation Method Based on a Multi Criteria Decision Making
Park, Moo-Jong ; Choi, Sung-Wook ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 4, 2008, Pages 365~377
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.4.365
In this study, PROMETHEE(Preference Ranking Organization METHod for Enrichment Evaluations) which is one of the multi criteria decision making methods is applied to estimate the relative inundation risk of the urban subcatchment. For this purpose, several factors which have an effect on the inundation risk are selected and used to perform PROMETHEE. Those are elevation average, slope average, density of conduit, population and sediment yields per unit area of each subcatchment. Based on them, PROMETHEE is performed and the relative inundation risk for each subcatchment is estimated. For the validation of the suggested method, the results from the suggested method are compared with the historical inundation records occured on 1998 and the relative inundation risk estimated by the method considering sediment yields per unit area only. From the comparison, it is found that the suggested method may generate better results to estimate the relative inundation risk of each subcatchment than the method considering sediment yields per unit area only. Also, it can be applied to establish a rehabilitation order of subcatchments for mitigating the inundation risk.
Impact Assessment of Climate Change on Extreme Rainfall and I-D-F Analysis
Kim, Byung-Sik ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ; Kyung, Min-Soo ; Kim, Hung-Soo ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 4, 2008, Pages 379~394
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.4.379
Recently, extreme precipitation events beyond design capacity of hydraulic system have been occurred and this is the causes of failure of hydraulic structure for flood prevention and of severe flood damage. Therefore it is very important to understand temporal and spatial characteristics of extreme precipitation events as well as expected changes in extreme precipitation events and distributional characteristics during design period under future climate change. In this paper, climate change scenarios were used to assess the impacts of future climate change on extreme precipitation. Furthermore, analysis of future extreme precipitation characteristics and I-D-F analysis were carried out. This study used SRES B2 greenhouse gas scenario and YONU CGCM to simulate climatic conditions from 2031 to 2050 and statistical downscaling method was applied to establish weather data from each of observation sites operated by the Korean Meteorological Administration. Then quantile mapping of bias correction methods was carried out by comparing the simulated data with observations for bias correction. In addition Modified Bartlett Lewis Rectangular Pulse(MBLRP) model (Onof and Wheater, 1993; Onof 2000) and adjust method were applied to transform daily precipitation time series data into hourly time series data. Finally, rainfall intensity, duration, and frequency were calculated to draw I-D-F curve. Although there are 66 observation sites in Korea, we consider here the results from only Seoul, Daegu, Jeonju, and Gwangju sites in this paper. From the results we found that the rainfall intensity will be increased and the bigger intensity will be occurred for longer rainfall duration when we compare the climate conditions of 2030s with present conditions.
Lateral Migration Features of the Alluvial Channels in Hapyeong Intake Station, Nakdong River
Jang, Chang-Lae ; Lee, Gang-Man ; Kim, Gye-Hyun ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 4, 2008, Pages 395~404
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.4.395
It is important to understand the complex, various migration features of the alluvial channels for river engineering. In this study, the morphological changes and migration features of alluvial channels were investigated by analyzing the aerial photographs of active channels between 1972 and 2004 in Hapyeong Intake Station, Nakdong river. The lower channels were migrated from left bank to right bank and showed the features of braided channel in 2004. The instability of lower channels was increased due to the increased channel slope and width. The sinuosity of lower channels was decreased with time. As time increased, the increasing rate of lower channel and lateral migration rate were decreased. As a result of meso-scale regime analysis by using bankfull discharge, multiple row bars were developed, and suspended sediment load was governed in the flow as a sand bed channel.
Regional Frequency Analysis of South Korean Rainfall Data Using FORGEX Method
Kim, Jung-Won ; Nam, Woo-Sung ; Shin, Ju-Young ; Heo, Jun-Haeng ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 4, 2008, Pages 405~412
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.4.405
Rainfall quantiles were estimated by applying the FORGEX method. The circle network and two elliptical ones with the ratios of 1 to 1.5 and 1 to 2.0 were used and compared to find appropriate one for rainfall data. Annual maximum data were collected from 376 sites and standardized by the median. The networks were organized from the subject sites and then pooled and netmax data were collected from each network. Then, the growth curves and quantiles were estimated. When the subject site had small differences of quantiles from index flood method and at-site frequency analysis, those of the estimated quantiles from circle and elliptical networks were small. In contrast, the sites where the quantile differences are big have big differences of quantiles from circle and elliptical networks. The estimated quantiles from the elliptical network are more accurate than those from the circle network, because the ellipse network contains more sites in South Korea. Moreover, the ellipse with ratio of 1 to 2.0 shows closer quantiles to those from index flood method than one with ratio of 1 to 1.5. It is, therefore, found that the FORGEX method with 1 to 2.0 ellipse network is appropriate regional frequency analysis in South Korea.
Calibration and Validation of the Hargreaves Equation for the Reference Evapotranspiration Estimation in Gyeonggi Bay Watershed
Lee, Khil-Ha ; Cho, Hong-Yeon ; Oh, Nam-Sun ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 4, 2008, Pages 413~422
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.4.413
It is essential to locally adjust the Hargreaves parameter for estimating reference evapotranspiration with short data as a substitute of Penman-Monteith equation. In this study, evaluation of daily-based reference evapotranspiration is computed with Hargreaves equation. in Gyeonggi bay area including Ganghwa, Incheon, Suwon, Seosan, and Cheonan station for the time period of 1997-2004. Hargreaves coefficient is adjusted to give the best fit with Penman-Monteith evapotranspiration, being regarded as a reference. Then, the preferred parameters are validated for the same stations for the time period of 2005-2006. The optimization-based correction in calibration for 1997-2004 shows improved performance of the Hargreaves equation, giving 0.68-0.77 to 0.92-0.98 in Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient of efficiency (NSC) and 14.63-23.30 to 5.23-11.75 in RMSE. The validation for 2005-2006 shows improved performance of the Hargreaves equation, giving 0.43-0.85 to 0.93-0.97 in NSC and 14.43-26.81 to 6.48-9.09 in RMSE.
An Experimental Study on the Swimming Performance of Pale Chub(Zacco platypus)
Park, Seong-Yong ; Kim, Seo-Jun ; Lee, Seung-Hwi ; Yoon, Byung-Man ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 4, 2008, Pages 423~432
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.4.423
The local migration or movement behavior of fishes in streams are related to feeding, spawning, growing, dispersing, and refuging. The pale chub (Zacco platypus) is a dominant species that migrates locally and inhabits in river and stream in Korea. However, dams, weirs, culverts and other regulatory structures are physical barriers that limit fish movement and fragment habits and populations. If main stream and off-channel habitats are connected with culverts, they would restrict the small fish as pale chub movement due to the high flow velocities and low depths. But in Korea, there is no experimental study to evaluate the swimming performance of species in Korea. Therefore, it is difficult to proposed that design guidelines for pass fishes through culverts. The purpose of this experimental study is to evaluate the swimming performance of pale chubs. A series of swimming performance test has been used in both of the fixed velocity and the incremental velocity methods in an experimental flume. As a result, the critical swimming speed for pale chub(body length 8.9 cm) was found to be about 0.7 m/s. Therefore, the flow velocity for culvert design in the low flow condition should not be exceed the its swimming ability, especially 0.7 m/s for pale chubs(body length 8.9 cm). And the minimum depth for culvert design in the low flow condition should not be lower than the fish body height add a dorsal fin height.
Development and Validation of Reservoir Operation Rules for Integrated Water Resources Management in the Geum River Basin
Cheong, Tae-Sung ; Kang, Sin-Uk ; Hwang, Man-Ha ; Ko, Ick-Hwan ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 4, 2008, Pages 433~444
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.4.433
In recent, the integrated water resources management should consider not only existing management objects such as water supply, power generation, and instream flows but also new management objects such as water quantity, water quality, and water habitats which management system is large and complex. Moreover, integrated basin plan or operation are needed for solving conflicts problems between basins and between water usages and to maximize water resources usages. To increase use of optimization method for actual operation and apply various objects, a reservoir operation rule was developed and the KModSim`s hydrologic states for integrated water resources management were tested in this study. The simulation results show that the developed operation rules applied in hydrologic states good represent the actual storages of both the Yongdam and the Daecheong Reservoirs so, it is possible to improve the water allocation method usually used in the basin management and manage the integrated basin water resources if new operating rules are applied in optimized programming.
An Experimental Study to Evaluate the Subsidence Stability of Riprap Protection without Filters
Ji, Un ; Yeo, Woon-Kwang ; Lee, Won-Min ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 41, issue 4, 2008, Pages 445~454
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2008.41.4.445
Many countermeasures for local scour at bridge piers constructed on the river and sea have been developed and researched to protect piers against local scour. The most commonly employed method is riprap protection, which is sometimes required the filter installation between riprap and base layers. However, the construction of stone filters are really hard to perform in the field, require the high cost, or sometimes are impossible. The experimental modeling is conducted to analyze the riprap failure modes and the stability of riprap protection without filters based on the different approach velocity and riprap layer thickness conditions. Also, the stability index to evaluate the performance of riprap protection is developed using the experimental results. The cover and thickness of the riprap layer play a very important role in the stability and thicker riprap layers can prevent a total disintegration of the riprap layer effectively, especially due to winnowing failure.