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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 43, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 43, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 43, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 43, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 43, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 43, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 43, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 43, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 43, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 43, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 43, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 43, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Identification of Nash Model Parameters Based on Heterogeneity of Drainage Paths
Choi, Yong-Joon ; Kim, Joo-Cheol ; Jung, Kwan-Sue ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.1.1
For the first time, this study identifies Nash model parameters by GIUH theory based on grid of GIS with heterogeneity of drainage path. Identified parameters have advantages to improve accuracy and usefulness with considering hillslpoe-flow, geomorphological dispersion and easily extracting geomorphological factors by GIS in the watershed. Calculated results by identified parameters compare with observation data for verification of this model. The comparison is well correspondence between observed data and calculated results. And the comparison results of changing trends about lag time and the variance as hillslope and channel characteristic velocities sensitively present changes about hillslope characteristic velocity. Thus this model justifies that estimation of hillslope characteristic velocity demands with the great caution.
Spatial Analysis of Drought Characteristics in Korea Using Cluster Analysis
Yoo, Ji-Young ; Choi, Min-Ha ; Kim, Tae-Woong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 1, 2010, Pages 15~24
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.1.15
Regional frequency analysis is often used to overcome the limitation of point frequency analysis to estimate probability rainfall depths. However, point frequency analysis is still used in drought analyses. This study proposed a practical method to categorize the homogeneous regions of drought characteristics for the analyses of regional characteristics of droughts in Korea. Using rainfall data from 58 observation stations managed by the Korea Meteorological Administration, this study calculated drought attributes, i.e., mean drought indices for various durations using the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) and drought severities expressed by durations, depth, and intensity. The drought attributes provided useful information for categorizing stations into the hydrological homogeneous regions. This study introduced a cluster analysis with K-means techniques to group observation stations. The cluster analysis grouped observation stations into 6 regions in Korea. The data in the hydrological homogeneous region would be used in spatial analysis of drought characteristics and drought regional frequency analysis.
Comparison and Examination of the Calculating Hydrological Geographic Parameters Using GIS
Kim, Kyung-Tak ; Choi, Yun-Seok ; Lee, Hyo-Jung ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 1, 2010, Pages 25~39
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.1.25
Recently, GIS softwares such as WMS, ArcHydro, and HyGIS which can calculate hydrological geographic parameters are popularized. These softwares have the functions to calculate various geographic parameters which are used in water resources from DEM (Digital Elevation Model). In this study, hydrological geographic parameters calculated by WMS and ArcHydro are compared and examined with them from HyGIS to evaluate the applicability of the parameters from HyGIS. Bochungcheon (Riv.), Wicheon (Riv.), Pyungchanggang (Riv.), Gyungancheon (Riv.), Naerincheon (Riv.), and Imjingang (Riv.) watersheds are selected for this study, and the shape of watershed, watershed area, watershed slope, the average slope of watershed, main stream length, main stream slope, maximum flow distance, and the slope of maximum flow distance are calculated to compare and examine the characteristics. Study results show that the average relative error of 7 geographic parameters from all the watersheds is 4.77 %, and all the watershed boundaries are very similar. So, all the geographic parameters calculated by each software show very similar value, and the geographic parameters calculated by HyGIS can be applied to water resources with WMS and ArcHydro which have been generally used.
Experimental Study on Flow Characteristic and Wave Type Flow at Downstream of Stepped Weir
Kang, Joon-Gu ; Yeo, Hong-Koo ; Lee, Keum-Chan ; Choi, Nam-Jeong ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 1, 2010, Pages 41~49
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.1.41
Stepped weir of this study was suggested a type of natural type structures. Unique flow, such as Wave type flow, at downstream of mild slope stepped occurs. WTF(Wave type flow) is different with hydraulic jump occurred at Round crest weir. WTF is phenomenon to rise the water level by recirculation area occurred by step height at downstream of mild slope stepped. Wave height of WTF condition is higher than tailwater level and maximum velocity of WTF condition occurs in area of water surface. In this results, WTF presents to be important factor for design of join area of weir with levee. This study got and analyzed hydraulic condition occurred of WTF, scales of WTF and velocity profiles on flow patterns using experiments. WTF was not consider to stepped weir design and this results can be important data for design of stepped weir and structures.
Flood Forecasting and Warning System using Real-Time Hydrologic Observed Data from the Jungnang Stream Basin
Lee, Jong-Tae ; Seo, Kyung-A ; Hur, Sung-Chul ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 1, 2010, Pages 51~65
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.1.51
We suggest a simple and practical flood forecasting and warning system, which can predict change in the water level of a river in a small to medium-size watershed where flash flooding occurs in a short time. We first choose the flood defense target points, through evaluation of the flood risk of dike overflow and lowland inundation. Using data on rainfall, and on the water levels at the observed and prediction points, we investigate the interrelations and derive a regression formula from which we can predict the flood level at the target points. We calculate flood water levels through a calibrated flood simulation model for various rainfall scenarios, to overcome the shortage of real water stage data, and these results as basic population data are used to derive a regression formula. The values calculated from the regression formula are modified by the weather condition factor, and the system can finally predict the flood stages at the target points for every leading time. We also investigate the applicability of the prediction procedure for real flood events of the Jungnang Stream basin, and find the forecasting values to have close agreement with the surveyed data. We therefore expect that this suggested warning scheme could contribute usefully to the setting up of a flood forecasting and warning system for a small to medium-size river basin.
Reservoir Operating System Using Sampling Stochastic Dynamic Programming for the Han River Basin
Eum, Hyung-Il ; Park, Myung-Ky ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 1, 2010, Pages 67~79
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.1.67
Korea water resources corporation (K-Water) has developed the real-time water resources management system for the Nakdong and the Geum River basin to efficiently operate multi-purpose dams in the basins. This study has extended to the Han River basin for providing an effective ending target storage of a month to the real-time water resources management system using Sampling Stochastic Dynamic Programming (SSDP), consequently increasing the efficiency of the reservoir system. The optimization model were developed for three reservoirs, named Soyang, Chungju, and Hwacheon, with high priority in terms of the amounts of effective capacity and water supply for the basin. The number of storage state variable for each dam to set an optimization problem has been assigned from the results of sensitivity analysis. Compared with the K-water operating policy with the target water supply elevations, the optimization model suggested in this study showed that the shortfalls are decreased by 37.22 MCM/year for the required water demands in the basin, even increasing 171 GWh in hydro electronic power generation. In addition, the result of a reservoir operating system during the drawdown period applied to real situation demonstrates that additional releases for water quality or hydro electronic power generation would be possible during the drawdown period between 2007 and 2008. On the basis of these simulation results, the applicability of the SSDP model and the reservoir operating system is proved. Therefore, the more efficient reservoir operation can be achieved if the reservoir operating system is extended further to other Korean basins.
Input Variables Selection of Artificial Neural Network Using Mutual Information
Han, Kwang-Hee ; Ryu, Yong-Jun ; Kim, Tae-Soon ; Heo, Jun-Haeng ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 1, 2010, Pages 81~94
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.1.81
Input variable selection is one of the various techniques for improving the performance of artificial neural network. In this study, mutual information is applied for input variable selection technique instead of correlation coefficient that is widely used. Among 152 variables of RDAPS (Regional Data Assimilation and Prediction System) output results, input variables for artificial neural network are chosen by computing mutual information between rainfall records and RDAPS' variables. At first the rainfall forecast variable of RDAPS result, namely APCP, is included as input variable and the other input variables are selected according to the rank of mutual information and correlation coefficient. The input variables using mutual information are usually those variables about wind velocity such as D300, U925, etc. Several statistical error estimates show that the result from mutual information is generally more accurate than those from the previous research and correlation coefficient. In addition, the artificial neural network using input variables computed by mutual information can effectively reduce the relative errors corresponding to the high rainfall events.
Site Suitability Analysis for Riverbank Filtration Using Game Theory
Lee, Sang-Il ; Lee, Sang-Sin ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 1, 2010, Pages 95~104
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.1.95
The tap water supply in Korea mainly depends on the surface water. However, the advanced water purification process becomes a necessity due to the deterioration of surface water quality and the risk of accidental spill. High cost of water treatment and public concerns make the decision makers turn to riverbank filtration as an alternative to the surface water. Riverbank filtration has been employed for water supply in many developed countries for more than 150 years. In Korea, riverbank filtration has drawn attention since 1990s as a supply source having potential to stably meet the ever-increasing water demand. Some cities located in the Nakdong River Basin are currently supplying water through riverbank filtration. This work studies the site suitability analysis for riverbank filtration using game theory. Theory of games, which is a branch of applied mathematics used in social sciences (most notably economics), biology, engineering and computer science, was applied to candidate locations for the selection of riverbank filtration site. We proposed a policy game model as a new method adopting a probabilistic approach. The model developed turned out to be an effective tool for site selection.
Modification of MUSCL Scheme for Application of Non-uniform Grid
Kim, Byung-Hyun ; Han, Kun-Yeon ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 1, 2010, Pages 105~117
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.1.105
This paper presents a new and simple technique to perform MUSCL reconstruction for solving 2D shallow water equations. The modified MUSCL scheme uses weighted area ratio to apply non-uniform grid in stead of the previous method that equally distributed the difference of conservation variables to each interface. The suggested method can physically reconstruct conservation variables in case of uniform grid as well as non-uniform grid. In this study, Unsplit scheme applicable to unstructured grid is used and efficient slope limiter of TVD scheme is used to control numerical oscillation which can be occurred in modified MUSCL scheme. For accurate and efficient treatment of bed slope term, the modified MUSCL scheme is coupled with the surface gradient method. The finite volume model applied to suggested scheme is verified through a comparison between numerical solution and laboratory measurements data such as the simulations of isolated building test case and Bellos's dam break test case.