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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 43, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 43, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 43, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 43, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 43, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 43, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 43, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 43, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 43, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 43, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 43, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 43, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Effects of Dams and Water Use on Flow Regime Alteration of the Geum River Basin
Kang, Seong-Kyu ; Lee, Dong-Ryul ; Moon, Jang-Won ; Choi, Si-Jung ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 325~336
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.4.325
This study presents the alteration of flow regime by effects of dams and water use in the Geum River Basin. The surface water use rate and the Impounded Runoff (IR) index were examined to assess the pressure indicators of the flow alteration. We applied the flow duration curve, flow regime coefficient, flood and low-flow frequency analysis as well as Range of Variability Approach (RVA) to investigate the quantitative changes in natural flow regimes. The results indicate that the high flow decreased and low flow increased respectively compared to the natural flow regimes at eight gauging stations. The Geum river is regulated by 139 dams and reservoirs storing 24% of the annual mean discharge and has high surface water use rate of 36%. These indicators are main pressure factors to alter flow regimes.
Analysis of Uncertainty of Rainfall Frequency Analysis Including Extreme Rainfall Events
Kim, Sang-Ug ; Lee, Kil-Seong ; Park, Young-Jin ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 337~351
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.4.337
There is a growing dissatisfaction with use of conventional statistical methods for the prediction of extreme events. Conventional methodology for modeling extreme event consists of adopting an asymptotic model to describe stochastic variation. However asymptotically motivated models remain the centerpiece of our modeling strategy, since without such an asymptotic basis, models have no rational for extrapolation beyond the level of observed data. Also, this asymptotic models ignored or overestimate the uncertainty and finally decrease the reliability of uncertainty. Therefore this article provide the research example of the extreme rainfall event and the methodology to reduce the uncertainty. In this study, the Bayesian MCMC (Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo) and the MLE (Maximum Likelihood Estimation) methods using a quadratic approximation are applied to perform the at-site rainfall frequency analysis. Especially, the GEV distribution and Gumbel distribution which frequently used distribution in the fields of rainfall frequency distribution are used and compared. Also, the results of two distribution are analyzed and compared in the aspect of uncertainty.
Discharge Estimation at Ungauged Catchment Using Distributed Rainfall-Runoff Model
Choi, Yun-Seok ; Kim, Kyung-Tak ; Shim, Myung-Pil ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 353~365
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.4.353
Generally, river discharge is measured at flood forecasting points, upstream dam points, large rivers, and important points over a basin, and it is hard to estimate discharge of medium or small stream and small catchment. Physically based rainfall-runoff model with geographical parameters can simulate discharge at all the points within a basin with optimized parameters for a point in the basin. In this study, GRM (Grid based Rainfall-runoff Model) calibrated at the outlet is applied. The discharge at upstream point is estimated and the possibility of model regionalisation is examined for ungauged catchment of small or medium stream within a river system. Wicheon and Boksu watershed in Nakdonggang (Riv.) and Yudeungcheon (Riv.) respectively are selected. The discharge at Miseong and Sindae station is simulated with the parameters estimated at Museong and Boksu station. The results of Miseong and Sindae station show good agreement with observed hydrographs in peak discharge and peak time and consistently linear relationships with high correlations in discharge volume, peak discharge, and peak time. And it shows GRM could be applied to estimate discharge at ungauged catchments along a river system.
Non-point Source Quantification Analysis Using SWAT in Nakdong River Watershed
HwangBo, Hyun ; Kim, Dong-Il ; Yoon, Young-Sam ; Han, Kun-Yeun ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 367~381
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.4.367
Recent urbanization and abnormal weather have induced enormous changes in the characteristics of both runoff and pollutant occurrence. Thus, sophisticated watershed modeling of water quality is required. In order to manage non point sources in a watershed, quantitative analysis should be preliminarily performed. However, it is difficult to conduct quantitative analysis since complex natural phenomenon need to be reflected in the modeling. Also, travel time analysis for pollutants and separation of point and non point sources are not easy to carry out. The objective of this study is to quantify non point sources in watershed using soil and land use map and to make the full use of the results in managing non point sources. To do this, non point sources are quantified using a watershed model, SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tools). The result of study conform with result of National Institute of Environmental Research.
Comparison of Groundwater Recharge between HELP Model and SWAT Model
Lee, Do-Hun ; Kim, Nam-Won ; Chung, Il-Moon ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 383~391
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.4.383
The groundwater recharge was assessed by using both SWAT and HELP models in Bocheong-cheon watershed. The SWAT model is a comprehensive surface and subsurface model, but it lacks the physical basis for simulating a soil water percolation process. The HELP model which has a drawback in simulating subsurface lateral flow and groundwater flow component can simulate soil water percolation process by considering the unsaturated flow effect of soil layers. The SWAT model has been successfully applied for estimating groundwater recharge in a number of watersheds in Korea, while the application of HELP model has been very limited. The subsurface lateral flow parameter was proposed in order to consider the subsurface lateral flow effect in HELP model and the groundwater recharge was simulated by the modified exponential decay weighting function in HELP model. The simulation results indicate that the recharge of HELP model significantly depends on the values of lateral flow parameter. The recharge errors between SWAT and HELP are the smallest when the lateral flow parameter is about 0.6 and the recharge rates between two models are shown to be reasonably comparable for daily, monthly, and yearly time scales. The HELP model is useful for estimating groundwater recharge at watershed scale because the model structure and input parameters of HELP model are simpler than that of SWAT model. The accuracy of assessing the groundwater recharge might be improved by the concurrent application of SWAT model and HELP model.
Hydrologic Performance Characteristics Variation of Small Scale Hydro Power Plant with Variation of Inflow
Park, Wan-Soon ; Lee, Chul-Hyung ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 393~398
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.4.393
The variation of inflow at stream and hydrologic performance for small scale hydro power (SSHP) plants due to variation of inflow have been studied. The model, which can predict flow duration characteristic of stream, was developed to analyze the variation of inflow caused from rainfall condition. And another model to predict hydrologic performance for SSHP plants is established. Monthly inflow data measured at Andong dam for 32 years were analyzed. The existing SSHP plant located in upstream of Andong dam was selected and analyzed hydrologic performance characteristics. The predicted results from the developed models in this study show that the data were in good agreement with measured results of long term inflow at Andong dam and the existing SSHP plant. Inflow and ideal hydro power potential had increased greatly in recent years, however, these did not lead annual energy production increment of existing SSHP plant. As a results, it was found that the models developed in this study can be used to predict the primary design specifications and inflow of SSHP plants effectively.
The Impact of Characteristic Velocities Considering Geomorphological Dispersion on Shape of Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph
Choi, Yong-Joon ; Kim, Joo-Cheol ; Hwang, Man-Ha ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 399~408
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.4.399
The sensitivity of Nash model parameters is analyzed about characteristic velocities considering geomorphological dispersion in the present study. And changing shape of IUH compared and analyzed as variation of characteristic velocities through numerical experiment. Application watersheds are selected 4 subwatersheds which are located at main stream of Bocheong basin. The mean and variance of hillslope and stream path length are estimated in each watershed with GIS. And Nash model parameters are estimated with moments of path lengths and characteristic velocities. The changing trend about IUH which is derived Nash model parameters are compared as variation of characteristic velocities. The Major results of this study are summarized as follows. The Nash model parameters sensitively present changes about hillslope characteristic velocity. And the effect of the peak discharge and shape of recession in IUH dominate with hillslope`s characteristic velocity, the effect of the peak time and shape of ascension in IUH dominate with channel`s characteristic velocity.
An Analysis of Temporal Characteristic Change for Various Hydrologic Weather Parameters (I) - On the Basic Statistic, Trend -
Lee, Jae-Joon ; Jang, Joo-Young ; Kwak, Chang-Jae ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 43, issue 4, 2010, Pages 409~419
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2010.43.4.409
In this study, for the purpose of analyzing the characteristics of Korean hydrologic weather parameters, 9 hydrologic weather parameters data such as annual precipitation, annual rainy days, annual average relative humidity, annual average temperature, annual duration of sunshine, annual evaporation, annual duration of precipitation, annual snowy days and annual new snowy days are collected from 63 domestic meteorological stations that has the hydrologic weather parameters records more than 30 years. And the basic characteristics of hydrologic weather parameters through basic statistics, moving average and linear regression analysis are perceived. Also trend using the statistical methods like Hotelling-Pabst test and Mann-Kendall test about hydrologic weather parameters is analyzed. Through results of basic analysis, moving average and linear regression analysis it is shown that precipitation is concentrated in summer and deviation of precipitation for each season showed significant difference in accordance with Korean climate characteristics, besides the increase in annual precipitation and annual average temperature, annual average relative humidity and annual duration of sunshine reduction and annual rainy days is said to increase or decrease. The results of statistical analysis of trend are summarized as trend commonly appeared in annual average relative humidity and annual average temperature. and annual precipitation, annual rainy days and annual duration of sunshine showed different results according to area.