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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 45, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 45, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 45, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 45, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 45, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 45, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 45, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 45, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 45, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 45, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 45, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 45, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Design of GIS based Korean Reach File Supporting Water Quality Modeling
Kwon, Moon-Jin ; Kim, Kye-Hyun ; Lee, Chol-Young ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.1.1
Various input data required for water quality modeling have considerable impacts on modeling results and relevant analysis due to the absence of data standardization and lack of data accuracy. With this in mind, this study mainly focused on the designing Korean Reach File for more effective water quality modeling through the supply of database composed with accurate hydraulic and hydrologic data. The Korean Reach File is the hydraulic database with the locational information of individual reaches, and each reach represents the stream reach of homogeneous hydraulic characteristics. In detail, it has reach code designating each stream reach, and topological information including catalog unit, segment, marker and index. It was also designed considering linkage of existing codes such as stream name and stream code. The devised reach code was implemented to Kyungan River at the City of Gwangju of Kyunggi Province and the results showed that the reach code could effectively support the input database integrating basic numerous data required for water quality modeling based on a criterion as well as easier linkage and utilization with existing database. In addition, more systematic water quality management was enabled through the linkage of existing data such as treatment facilities, pollutant data, and management institutes using the reach codes defined for each stream section. In the future, more efforts need to be made to adopt the reach code as the national standard data thereby enabling utilization of numerous relevant database through the assigning of reach code to individual stream reaches nationwide.
A Study for an Automatic Calibration of Urban Runoff Model by the SCE-UA
Kang, Tae-Uk ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Kang, Shin-Uk ; Park, Jong-Pyo ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 1, 2012, Pages 15~27
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.1.15
SWMM (Storm Water Management Model) has been widely used in the world as a typical model for flood runoff analysis of urban areas. However, the calibration of the model is difficult, which is an obstacle to easy application. The purpose of the study is to develop an automatic calibration module of the SWMM linked with SCE-UA (Shuffled Complex Evolution-University of Arizona) algorithm. Generally, various objective functions may produce different optimization results for an optimization problem. Thus, five single objective functions were applied and the most appropriate one was selected. In addition to the objective function, another objective function was used to reduce peak flow error in flood simulation. They form a multiple objective function, and the optimization problem was solved by determination of Pareto optima. The automatic calibration module was applied to the flood simulation on the catchment of the Guro 1 detention reservoir and pump station. The automatic calibration results by the multiple objective function were more excellent than the results by the single objective function for model assessment criteria including error of peak flow and ratio of volume between observed and calculated flow. Also, the verification results of the model calibrated by the multiple objective function were reliable. The program could be used in various flood runoff analysis in urban areas.
Measuring the Economic Benefits of the Tap Water Quality Improvement in Ulsan
Kwak, So-Yoon ; Yoo, Seung-Hoon ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 1, 2012, Pages 29~37
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.1.29
This paper attempts to measure the economic benefits of tap water quality improvement using a specific case study of Ulsan, one of the large cities in Korea. To this end, we apply the contingent valuation (CV) method by employing a one-and-one-half bounded spike dichotomous choice question format. We surveyed a randomly selected sample of 400 households in Ulsan and asked respondents questions in person-toperson interviews about how they would willing to pay for the program. Respondents overall accepted the contingent market and were willing to contribute a significant amount (1,611 won), on average, per household per month. This willingness varies according to individual characteristics such as education level and income. The aggregate value of the program in Ulsan amounts to approximately 8 billion won per year.
A Development of Method for Surface and Subsurface Runoff Analysis in Urban Composite Watershed (I) - Theory and Development of Module -
Kwak, Chang-Jae ; Lee, Jae-Joon ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 1, 2012, Pages 39~52
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.1.39
Surface-subsurface interactions are an intrinsic component of the hydrologic response within a watershed. In general, these interactions are considered to be one of the most difficult areas of the discipline, particularly for the modeler who intends simulate the dynamic relations between these two major domains of the hydrological cycle. In essence, one major complexity is the spatial and temporal variations in the dynamically interacting system behavior. The proper simulation of these variations requires the need for providing an appropriate coupling mechanism between the surface and subsurface components of the system. In this study, an approach for modelling surface-subsurface flow and transport in a fully intergrated way is presented. The model uses the 2-dimensional diffusion wave equation for sheet surface water flow, and the Boussinesq equation with the Darcy's law and Dupuit-Forchheimer's assumption for variably saturated subsurface water flow. The coupled system of equations governing surface and subsurface flows is discretized using the finite volume method with central differencing in space and the Crank-Nicolson method in time. The interactions between surface and subsurface flows are considered mass balance based on the continuity conditions of pressure head and exchange flux. The major module consists of four sub-module (SUBFA, SFA, IA and NS module) is developed.
A Development of Method for Surface and Subsurface Runoff Analysis in Urban Composite Watershed (II) - Analysis and Application -
Kwak, Chang-Jae ; Lee, Jae-Joon ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 1, 2012, Pages 53~64
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.1.53
In this study (II), the module developed in the previous study (I) has been tested on application and numerical stability. The runoff module was compared the result of analysis with two different models (FFC2Q and
) considering characteristic of infiltration. To examine the application and stability of developed module, runoff aspect was simulated under the variety case of rainfall intensity, effective soil depth, elapsed time. The development module was presented typical type of infiltration process looking physically, the different of saturation point on soil type, and characteristic of soil type. Also, the module was reflected in the runoff feature about rainfall intensity and time distribution. Finally, this paper drew a conclusion that result of rainfall-runoff analysis as compared with difference models (FFC2Q and
) has a high accuracy.
The Effect of Decentralized Rainwater Tank System on the Reduction of Peak Runoff - A Case Study at M Village -
Han, Moo-Young ; Kum, So-Yoon ; Mun, Jung-Soo ; Kwak, Dong-Geun ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 1, 2012, Pages 65~73
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.1.65
Recently climate change and increase of surface runoff caused the urban flooding. Traditional way of dealing with urban flooding has been to increase the sewer capacity or construction of pumping stations, however, it is practically almost impossible because of time, money and traffic problems. Multipurpose DRMS (Decentralized Rainwater Management System) is a new paradigm proposed and recommended by NEMA (National Emergency Management Agency) for both flood control and water conservation. Suwon City has already enacted the ordinance on sound water cycle management by DRMS. In this study, a flood prone area in Suwon is selected and analysis of DRMS has been made using XP-SWMM for different scenarios of RT installation with same total rainwater tank volume and location. Installing one rainwater tank of 3,000
can reduce the peak flow rate by 15.5%. Installing six rainwater tanks of 500
volume in the area can reduce the peak flow rate by 28%. Three tanks which is concentrated in the middle region can reduce peak rate more than evenly distributed tanks. The method and results found from this study can be used for the design and performance prediction of DRMS at a flood prone area by supplementing the existing sewer system without increase of the sewer capacity.
Analysis on Trends, Periodicities and Frequencies of Korean Drought Using Drought Indices
Lee, Joo-Heon ; Seo, Ji-Won ; Kim, Chang-Joo ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 1, 2012, Pages 75~89
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.1.75
This study attempted to analyze statistical characteristics of historical drought of Korea through trend, periodicity and drought spell analysis by using the drought indices. Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) and Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) were calculated using weather data of 59 weather stations under Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA). As a result of analysis, SP13 and SP16 showed trend of drier spring, drier winter and wetter summer in all basin of Korea. However, SPI12 and PDSI showed different trends with shorter duration drought indices. In case of wavelet transform analysis for drought periodicities, in a band of 1~2 years or below 6 years showed significant spectrum. SP13 showed strongest power spectrum near the band of 1~2 year variance, and SPI12 and PDSI showed 6 years periodicities. The results from drought spell showed that Nakdong River Basin, Geum River Basin and Youngsan River Basin were appeared as severe drought vulnerable area of Korea.
Extension Techniques of 8 Day Interval Recorded Stream-flow Data to Daily One
Baek, Kyong-Oh ; Yim, Dong-Hee ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 1, 2012, Pages 91~99
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.1.91
In this study, it was proposed that extension techniques of 8 day interval recorded stream-flow data which has been produced at the mouth of unit watersheds for TMDLs to daily one. The concept of this method was that the missing data at partial recording station was filled by using the daily data at a nearby, hydrologically similar streamgaging station. First, same day stream-flow was extracted from the daily stream-flow. Then, the extension equation was developed based on the sample data when the same day stream-flow from daily data and the partially recorded stream-flow was deeply related each other. The missing data was interpolated or extrapolated by the equation. Especially the maintenance of variance extension (MOVE) technique was used to derive the equation and was validated. Finally the 8-day interval recorded stream-flow at the mouth of unit watersheds in Han River Basin for TMDLs was extended to continuously daily data by using the method proposed in this study. And the low flow at each unit watershed was evaluated according to the flow-duration curve.
Development of a System Dynamics Model for the Efficient Operation and Maintenance of Sewerage Systems
Park, Su-Wan ; Lee, Tae-Geun ; Kim, Bong-Jae ; Kim, Tae-Young ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 1, 2012, Pages 101~111
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.1.101
In this paper, the feedback loop mechanisms among the operational indices and exogenous variables of a sewerage system that are inherent in the operation and maintenance of a sewerage system were identified using the System Dynamics (SD) modeling methodology. The identified feedback loops were used to develop a SD computer simulation model that can be used to predict future operational conditions of a sewerage system and identified the efficient ways of operation. The data of Busan metropolitan city sewerage system was applied to verify the developed SD model and predict future operational conditions of the system. As a result, it was predicted that sewage treatment efficiency, volume of sewage treatment and cost recovery rate will be gradually increased, whereas service rate which was already very close to the target will remain almost the same as the current value. Furthermore, sensitivity analysis concerning some operational indices was performed in order to discover the policy leverage. As a result, it was found that the exogenous variables related to the pipe maintenance had a great effect on facility using rate, volume of sewage treatment as well as sewage treatment efficiency.