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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 45, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 45, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 45, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 45, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 45, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 45, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 45, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 45, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 45, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 45, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 45, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 45, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Hydrologic and Water Quality Responses to Precipitation Extremes in Nakdong River Basin
Jang, Jae Ho ; Ahn, Jong Ho ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 11, 2012, Pages 1081~1091
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.11.1081
SWAT model is applied to simulate rainfall-runoff and pollutant loadings in the Nakdong River basin as the condition for extreme droughts and floods. The year 1994 and 2002 are chosen as the drought and flood year, respectively, through the analysis of past rainfall data for 30 years. The simulation results show decreases in both runoff and pollutant loadings for the drought year but increases for the flood year. However, the pollutant loadings on some upper sub-basins increase for drought year due to highly-regulated dam discharge and soil moisture change. Collectively, extreme droughts and floods have negative impacts on water quality, showing elevated SS loadings during wet season and concentrated T-P concentrations during low flow season. The extent of these impacts is highly influenced by antecedent dry days and precipitation patterns.
A Study on Numerical Simulation of Flood Inundation in a Coastal Urban Areas: Application to Gohyun River in Geoje City, Kyungnam Province
Jeong, Woochang ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 11, 2012, Pages 1093~1105
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.11.1093
In this study, the simulations and analyses of flood flow due to a river inundation in a coastal urban area are carried out using a two-dimensional finite volume model with well-balanced HLLC scheme. The target area is a coastal urban area around Gohyun river which is located at Geoje city in Kyungnam province and was extremely damaged due to the heavy rainfall during the period of the typhoon "Maemi" in September 2003. For the purpose of the verification of the numerical model applied in this study, the simulated results are compared and analyzed with the inundation traces. In addition, the flood flow in an urban area is simulated and analyzed according to the scenarios of inflow variation due to the increase and decrease of the intensity of the heavy rainfall, which.
Development and Assessment of Flow Nomograph for the Real-time Flood Forecasting in Cheonggye Stream
Bae, Deg-Hyo ; Shim, Jae Bum ; Yoon, Seong-Sim ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 11, 2012, Pages 1107~1119
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.11.1107
The objectives of this study are to develop the flow nomograph for real-time flood forecasting and to assess its applicability in restored Cheonggye stream. The Cheonggye stream basin has the high impermeability and short concentration time and complicated hydrological characteristics. Therefore, the flood prediction method using runoff model is ineffective due to the limit of forecast. Flow nomograph which is able to forecast flood only with rainfall information. To set the forecast criteria of flow nomograph at selected flood forecast points and calculated criterion flood water level for each point, and in order to reflect various flood events set up simulated rainfall scenario and calculated rainfall intensity and rainfall duration time for each condition of rainfall. Besides, using a rating curve, determined scope of flood discharge following criterion flood water level and using SWMM model calculated flood discharge for each forecasting point. Using rainfall information following rainfall scenario calculated above and flood discharge following criterion flood water level developed flow nomograph and evaluated it by applying it to real flood event. As a result of performing this study, the applicability of flow nomograph to the basin of Cheonggye stream appeared to be high. In the future, it is reckoned to have high applicability as a method of prediction of flood of urban stream basin like Cheonggye stream.
Assessing Future Climate Change Impact on Hydrologic and Water Quality Components in Nakdong River Basin
Jang, Jae Ho ; Ahn, Jong Ho ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 11, 2012, Pages 1121~1130
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.11.1121
Projected changes and their impacts on water quality are simulated in response to climate change stressors. CGHR (T63) simulation on the A1B scenario is converted to regional scale data using a statistical down-scaling method and applied to SWAT model to assess water quality impacts in Nakdong River basin. The results demonstrate that rainfall-runoff and pollutant loading in the future (2011~2100) will clearly increase as compared to the last 30-year average. The rate of pollutant loading increase is expected to continue its acceleration until 2040s. Runoff also shows similar patterns to the precipitation, increasing by 60%. Accordingly, the runoff increase results in escalation of pollutant loading by 35~45% for TSS and 5~20% for T-P. This phenomenon is more pronounced in the upper basin during winter and spring season.
Multiple Regression Equations for Estimating Water Supply Capacities of Dams Considering Influencing Factors
Kang, Min Goo ; Lee, Gwang Man ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 11, 2012, Pages 1131~1141
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.11.1131
In this study, factors that influence water supply capacities of dams are extracted using factor analysis, and multiple regression equations for estimating water supply capacities of dams are developed using the analysis results. Twenty-one multi-purpose dams and twelve Municipal and Industrial (M&I) water supply dams are selected for case studies, and eight variables influencing water supply capacities of dams, namely: watershed area, inflow, effective reservoir storage, grade on amount of M&I water supply, grade on amount of agricultural water supply, grade on amount of in-stream flow supply, grade on river administration, and grade on average rainfall, are determined. Two case studies for multi-purpose dams and M&I water supply dams are performed, employing factor analysis, respectively. For the two cases, preliminary tests, such as reviewing matrix of correlation coefficient, Bartlett`s test of sphericity, and Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) test, are conducted to evaluate the suitability of the variables for factor analysis. In case of multi-purpose dams, variables are grouped into three factors; M&I water supply dams, two factors. The factors are rotated using Varimax method, and then factor loading of each variable is computed. The results show that the variables influencing water supply capacities of dams are reasonably selected and appropriately grouped into factors. In addition, multiple regression equations for predicting the amounts of annual water supply of dams are established using the factor scores as explanatory variables, it is identified that the models` accuracies are high, and their applications to determining effective storage capacity of a dam during dam planning and design steps are presented. Consequently, it is thought that the variables and factors are useful for dam planning and dam design.
Analysis of Emergency Water Supply Effects of Multipurpose Dams Using Water Shortage Index
Lee, Gwang-Man ; Yi, Jaeeung ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 11, 2012, Pages 1143~1156
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.11.1143
One of the important purposes of most water resources systems is to prevent from drought damages. However, there are uncertainties in water supply plans from a reservoir due to factors such as limitation of available data, inaccuracy of surveyed data, unsuitability of analysis method, and climate change. In actual operating process, severe drought exceeding the water supply capability makes the normal water usage difficult. In Korea, however, alternative water source such as a development of new water project is very limited in case of water shortages due to drought. Especially, since there is no standard to evaluate the water supply effect considering severe drought damages, it is difficult to prepare the practical measures. In this study, water shortage events of existing multipurpose reservoirs are analyzed and the method of using low-storage emergency water supply is studied by using Water Shortage Index (WSI). The water shortage events are analyzed and the effect of water shortage decrease is evaluated using the existing inflow data of multi-purpose reservoirs. The results show that Imha, Daechung, Hapchon and Namkang reservoirs are highly vulnerable to the severe drought and required to develop additional emergency water source.
Evaluation of Water Quality Characteristics in the Nakdong River using Statistical Analysis
Choi, Kil Yong ; Im, Toe Hyo ; Lee, Jae Woon ; Cheon, Se Uk ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 11, 2012, Pages 1157~1168
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.11.1157
In this study, we assess changes in water quality trends over time based on certain control measurements in order to identify and analyze the cause of the trend in water quality. The current water pollution in the Nakdong River was analyzed, as it suggests that the significant changes in water quality have occurred in between 2006 and 2010. Based on monthly average data, we have examined for trends of the Nakdong River watershed in water temperature, Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Nitrogen (TN), and Total Phosphorus (TP). Moreover, we have investigated seasonal variation of water quality of sites within the Nakdong River Basin by implementing further analyses such as, Correlation Coefficient, Regression Analysis, Hierarchical Clustering Method, and Time Series Analysis on SPSS. Geology and topography of the watershed, controlled by various conditions such as, climate, vegetation, topography, soil, and rain medium, have been affected by the non-homogeneity. Our study suggests that such variables could possibly cause eutrophication problems in the river. One possible way to overcome this particular problem is to lay up a ship on the river by increasing the nasal flow measurement of the Nakdong River during rainy season. Moreover, the water management requires arranging the measurement of the flow in order to secure the river while the numerous construction projects need to be continuously observed. However, the water is not flowing tributary of the reason for the timing to be flowing in a natural state of river water and industrial water intake because agriculture. Therefore, ongoing research is needed in addition to configuration of all observations.
Determination and Evaluation of Optimal Parameters in Storage Function Method using SCE-UA
Chung, Gunhui ; Park, Hee-Seong ; Sung, Ji Youn ; Kim, Hyeon-Jun ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 11, 2012, Pages 1169~1186
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.11.1169
Storage function method has been used for flood forecasting in the major rivers in Korea, however, the researches on the relationship between the parameters and runoff characteristics was not sufficient. In addition, there has been a controversy about the optimized parameters without the consideration of the physical characteristics of the basin. Therefore, in this study, the SCE-UA method is used to optimize the parameters and the proposed method was applied with two stage optimization in the Jeongseon and Yeongwol watersheds located in the most upstream in the South Han river. The contour map was developed to investigate parameters and the error surface calculated from the runoff. The proposed parameters is to provide a range of the possible parameter set in a watershed, rather than a specific value. However, the applicability is examined using the average value of the proposed ranged parameters. In this study, the criticism about the optimization technique to find an optimal value having no physical meaning on a watershed is tried to avoid. The objective of this study is to provide a range of parameters for the flood forecasting model and the intuition about the behavior of the parameters, so the efficiency of flood forecasting is increased.
A Development of Water Demand Forecasting Model Based on Wavelet Transform and Support Vector Machine
Kwon, Hyun-Han ; Kim, Min-Ji ; Kim, Oon Gi ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 45, issue 11, 2012, Pages 1187~1199
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2012.45.11.1187
A hybrid forecasting scheme based on wavelet decomposition coupled to a support vector machine model is presented for water demand series that exhibit nonlinear behavior. The use of wavelet transform followed by the SVM model of each leading component is explored as a model for water demand data. The proposed forecasting model yields better results than a traditional ARIMA time series forecasting model in terms of self-prediction problem as well as reproducing the properties of the observed water demand data by making use of the advantages of wavelet transform and SVM model. The proposed model can be used to substantially and significantly improve the water demand forecasting and utilized in a real operation.