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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 46, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 46, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 46, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 46, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 46, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 46, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 46, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 46, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 46, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 46, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 46, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 46, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Study on Establishing Algal Bloom Forecasting Models Using the Artificial Neural Network
Kim, Mi Eun ; Shin, Hyun Suk ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 46, issue 7, 2013, Pages 697~706
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2013.46.7.697
In recent, Korea has faced on water quality management problems in reservoir and river because of increasing water temperature and rainfall frequency caused by climate change. This study is effectively to manage water quality for establishment of algal bloom forecasting models with artificial neural network. Daecheong reservoir located in Geum river has suitable environment for algal bloom because it has lots of contaminants that are flowed by rainfall. By using back propagation algorithm of artificial neural networks (ANNs), a model has been built to forecast the algal bloom over short-term (1, 3, and 7 days). In the model, input factors considered the hydrologic and water quality factors in Daecheong reservoir were analyzed by cross correlation method. Through carrying out the analysis, input factors were selected for algal bloom forecasting model. As a result of this research, the short term algal bloom forecasting models showed minor errors in the prediction of the 1 day and the 3 days. Therefore, the models will be very useful and promising to control the water quality in various rivers.
Analysis of Flow and Bed Change on Hydraulic Structure using CCHE2D : Focusing on Changnyong-Haman
Ahn, Jung Min ; Lyu, Siwan ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 46, issue 7, 2013, Pages 707~717
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2013.46.7.707
Channel-bed of erosion and sedimentation, where eroded bed and bank materials re-deposit through the action of flow, is a natural phenomenon in alluvial systems. Analysis using a numerical model is important to understand the sediment transport mechanism associated with erosion and sedimentation near weirs and other hydraulic structures within riverine systems. The local riverbed change near a hydraulic structure (Changnyong-Haman multi-function weir in Nakdong river) has been analyzed in order to examine the effect of hydraulic structure on local bed change. A 2D numerical model (CCHE-2D) has been implemented to simulate the sedimentation and erosion over a reach (10 km) including the weir. For the calibration and verification of the model, the rainfall data from a real event (Typoon `Maemi` in 2003) has been used for flow and stage simulation. And the simulated results show a good agreement with the observed data for whole domain. From the result, it was found that the installation and operation of weir can aggravate the local bed change caused from the flow field change and resulting redistribution of sediment.
Combined Effects of Groundwater Abstraction and Irrigation Reservoir on Streamflow
Kim, Nam Won ; Lee, Jeongwoo ; Chung, Il Moon ; Lee, Min Ho ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 46, issue 7, 2013, Pages 719~733
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2013.46.7.719
In this study, a watershed-based surface-water and groundwater integrated model, SWAT-MODFLOW was used to evaluate streamflow depletion induced by groundwater withdrawals and irrigation reservoirs for the Juksan-cheon watershed in South Korea. The streamflow responses to groundwater pumping and irrigation reservoirs were simulated under several different scenarios. The scenarios were (1) current pumping well withdrawals with reservoirs; (2) current pumping well withdrawals without reservoirs; (3) no pumping well withdrawals with reservoirs; (4) no pumping well withdrawals without reservoirs (natural condition). The simulated results indicated that the effects of groundwater pumping on streamflow depletion are a little more significant than those of irrigation reservoirs. Particularly, the groundwater withdrawals with irrigation reservoirs at current status (scenario 1) has induced the decrease of more than 20% in drought flow against the natural condition (scenario 4) at the outlet of the watershed. The specific drought flows through the main stream of Juksan-cheon watershed were simulated in order to assess the irrigation effects on downstream flows. It was found out that the specific drought flows are increasing as the distance from the reservoir increases due to the accumulation of the return flows to stream.
Effect of Climate and Landscape Characteristics on Hydrologic Partitioning and Vegetation Response
Park, Yoonkyung ; Choi, Minha ; Ahn, Jaehyun ; Kim, Sangdan ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 46, issue 7, 2013, Pages 735~744
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2013.46.7.735
The effect of climate and landscape characteristics on hydrologic partitioning and vegetation response is analyzed in this study. After quantifying hydrologic partitioning using the Horton index, the relation between regional climate characteristics and the Horton index is investigated. In addition, using the comparison between the predictability of the Horton index with only regional climate characteristics and the predictability of the Horton index with landscape characteristics as well as regional climate characteristics, the relative contribution of landscape characteristics on hydrologic partitioning is analyzed. Finally, investigating the predictability of the aridity index and Horton index on the normalized difference vegetation index, the effect of climate and landscape characteristics on vegetation response is estimated.
A Study on the Method of Energy Evaluation in Water Supply Networks
Kim, Seong-Won ; Kim, Dohwan ; Choi, Doo Yong ; Kim, Juhwan ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 46, issue 7, 2013, Pages 745~754
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2013.46.7.745
The systematic analysis and evaluation of required energy in the processes of drinking water production and supply have attracted considerable interest considering the need to overcome electricity shortage and control greenhouse gas emissions. On the basis of a review of existing research results, a practical method is developed in this study for evaluating energy in water supply networks. The proposed method can be applied to real water supply systems. A model based on the proposed method is developed by combining the hydraulic analysis results that are obtained using the EPANET2 software with a mathematical energy model on the MATLAB platform. It is suggested that performance indicators can evaluate the inherent efficiency of water supply facilities as well as their operational efficiency depending on the pipeline layout, pipe condition, and leakage level. The developed model is validated by applying it to virtual and real water supply systems. It is expected that the management of electric power demand on the peak time of water supply and the planning of an energy-efficient water supply system can be effectively achieved by the optimal management of energy by the proposed method in this study.
Development of Realtime Dam`s Hydrologic Variables Prediction Model using Observed Data Assimilation and Reservoir Operation Techniques
Lee, Byong Ju ; Jung, Il-Won ; Jung, Hyun-Sook ; Bae, Deg Hyo ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 46, issue 7, 2013, Pages 755~765
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2013.46.7.755
This study developed a real-time dam`s hydrologic variables prediction model (DHVPM) and evaluated its performance for simulating historical dam inflow and outflow in the Chungju dam basin. The DHVPM consists of the Sejong University River Forecast (SURF) model for hydrologic modeling and an autoreservoir operation method (Auto ROM) for dam operation. SURF model is continuous rainfall-runoff model with data assimilation using an ensemble Kalman filter technique. The four extreme events including the maximum inflow of each year for 2006~2009 were selected to examine the performance of DHVPM. The statistical criteria, the relative error in peak flow, root mean square error, and model efficiency, demonstrated that DHVPM with data assimilation can simulate more close to observed inflow than those with no data assimilation at both 1-hour lead time, except the relative error in peak flow in 2007. Especially, DHVPM with data assimilation until 10-hour lead time reduced the biases of inflow forecast attributed to observed precipitation error. In conclusion, DHVPM with data assimilation can be useful to improve the accuracy of inflow forecast in the basin where real-time observed inflow are available.
A Study on Characteristics of Flood Flow at a Channel Confluence Connected Asymmetrically with Four Channels
Jeong, Woo Chang ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 46, issue 7, 2013, Pages 767~781
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2013.46.7.767
In this study, the hydraulic model experiments and numerical simulations are carried out to analyze the flood flow characteristics in and around a channel confluence connected asymmetrically with four channels. The numerical model applied in this study is ANSYS CFX (ver. 14) which is the commercial three-dimensional CFD model. As results of comparison between the measured and simulated water depth distributions in and around a channel confluence, the agreement is relatively well satisfied. It can be shown in this study that the water surface profiles in and around a channel confluence are significant different with the two channel directions in which the water are entering and increased inflow.
Impacts of Fresh and Saline Groundwater Development in Sungsan Watershed, Jeju Island
Park, Namsik ; Koh, Byoung-Ryoun ; Lim, Youngduck ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 46, issue 7, 2013, Pages 783~794
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2013.46.7.783
Saline groundwater, in addition to fresh groundwater, is actively developed for inland aqua culture in Jeju Island where groundwater is practically the only source of freshwater. In this work we analyzed impacts of saline and fresh groundwater development on groundwater systems in Sungsan subwatershed in Jeju. A sharp-interface model was used to simulate fresh and saline groundwater flows. Withdrawal of freshwater imparted adverse impacts by lowering groundwater level and inducing saltwater encroachment. Withdrawal of saline water imparted mixed results: on one hand it lowered groundwater level, on the other hand it reduced saltwater encroachments. However, freshwater development lowered groundwater level much more than salinewater development did. Modified Ghyben-Herzberg ratio was developed for a transition zone with finite width. Comparison against observed data resulted in fair agreement.