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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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Journal DOI :
Korea Water Resources Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 47, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 47, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 47, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 47, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 47, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 47, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 47, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 47, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 47, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 47, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 47, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 47, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
Levee Stability Assessment Depending on Levee Shape and Flood Wave
Kang, Taeun ; An, Hyunuk ; Lee, Gwangman ; Jung, Kwansue ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 47, issue 4, 2014, Pages 307~319
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2014.47.4.307
Because of the rapid rising of water related disasters due to the global warming, the extreme design criteria of levee construction for severe flood has been applied in several developed countries such as USA and Netheland. In Korea, the national river restoration projects were carried out on 4 major rivers in recent several years. The projects consisted of riverbed dredge and levee reinforcement, and new construction have caused wide change of river environment. However, concrete countermeasures for levee safety and river management have not been suggested until now. Therefore, this study assesses the levee safety of Yulji levee located in Hoechon, Nakdong Basin, where the Levee Seepage Monitoring System installed. The stability of levee is assessed based on the simulation performed by SEEP/W(2D unsaturated seepage model) and the simulated results are compared with the observed data. The effects of the flood wave and levee shape on the levee safety are investigated through several simulations.
The Study of Correlation between Riparian Environment and Vegetation Distribution in Nakdong River
Kim, Eun Jin ; Cho, Kang Hyun ; Kang, Joon Gu ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 47, issue 4, 2014, Pages 321~330
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2014.47.4.321
This study was performed to investigate relation between riparian vegetation and environmental factor and to predict riparian vegetation succession in Nakdong river, which is typical sand river in Korea Peninsula. We searched 5 natural levee and installed 84 quadrats in Nakdong river near by Andong city. Also, We analyzed flora, vegetation cover degree, topography, soil moisture, organic content, pH, electrical conductivity and soil texture. According to the result of CCA (canonical correspondence analysis), which considered both investigated vegetation data and environmental factor, vegetation were divided down three groups, and each group was difference by height above ordinary water level, organic content and sand. In addition, the most powerful factor was indicated the height above ordinary water level.
Analysis of Problems of Water Supply Capacity Determination in Water Resources Systems
Lee, Gwang-Man ; Yi, Jaeeung ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 47, issue 4, 2014, Pages 331~342
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2014.47.4.331
In water resources planning, to decide proper water supply capacity is a very important task. Once water supply system such as a dam is decided, it will affect whole range of water resources circumstances for a long time. Even though systematic approaches have been implemented since 1980, many problems are still prevail in reality. Especially some issues related to the reliability analysis method used in planning dams in Korea have been persistently brought up. This study is to diagnose problems on the reliability criterion in water supply capacity assessment of water resources systems and discuss a valid method. As a result, the estimates by the different analysis time intervals, in case of the temporal reliability, show no large difference, but there is a large difference when assessment time intervals are differently applied. The volumetric reliability accounts for 2~3% higher than that of the temporal reliability, and resiliency and vulnerability also show large differences by the analysis time intervals.
Development on an Automatic Calibration Module of the SWMM for Watershed Runoff Simulation and Water Quality Simulation
Kang, Taeuk ; Lee, Sangho ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 47, issue 4, 2014, Pages 343~356
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2014.47.4.343
The SWMM (storm water management model) has been widely used in the world and is a watershed runoff simulation model used for a single event or a continuous simulation of runoff quantity and quality. However, there are many uncertain parameters in the watershed runoff continuous simulation module and the water quality module, which make it difficult to use the SWMM. The purpose of the study is to develop an automatic calibration module of the SWMM not only for watershed runoff continuous simulation, but also water quality simulation. The automatic calibration module was developed by linking the SWMM with the SCE-UA (shuffled complex evolution-University of Arizona) that is a global optimization algorithm. Estimation parameters of the SWMM were selected and search ranges of them were reasonably configured. The module was validated by calibration and verification of the watershed runoff continuous simulation model and the water quality model for the Donghyang Stage Station Basin. The calibration results for watershed runoff continuous simulation model were excellent and those for water quality simulation model were generally satisfactory. The module could be used in various studies and designs for watershed runoff and water quality analyses.
Development and Application of Automatic Rainfall Field Tracking Methods for Depth-Area-Duration Analysis
Kim, Yeon Su ; Song, Mi Yeon ; Lee, Gi Ha ; Jung, Kwan Sue ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 47, issue 4, 2014, Pages 357~370
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2014.47.4.357
This study aims to develop a rainfall field tracking method for depth-area-duration (DAD) analysis and assess whether the proposed tracking methods are able to properly estimate the maximum average areal rainfall (MAAR) within the study area during a rainfall period. We proposed three different rainfall field tracking algorithms (Box-tracking, Point-tracking, Advanced point-tracking) and then applied them to the virtual rainfall field with 1hr duration and also compared DAD curves of each method. In addition, we applied the three tracking methods and a traditional GIS-based tool to the typhoon 'Nari' rainfall event of the Yongdam-Dam watershed and then assess applicability of the proposed methods for DAD analysis. The results showed that Box-tracking was much faster than the other two tracking methods in terms of searching for the MAAR but it was impossible to describe rainfall spatial pattern during its tracking processes. On the other hand, both Point-tracking and Advanced point-tracking provided the MAAR by considering the spatial distribution of rainfall fields. In particular, Advanced point-tracking estimated the MAAR more accurately than Point-tracking in the virtual rainfall field, which has two rainfall centers with similar depths. The proposed automatic rainfall field tracking methods can be used as effective tools to analyze DAD relationship and also calculate areal reduction factor.
Validation of Extreme Rainfall Estimation in an Urban Area derived from Satellite Data : A Case Study on the Heavy Rainfall Event in July, 2011
Yoon, Sun-Kwon ; Park, Kyung-Won ; Kim, Jong Pil ; Jung, Il-Won ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 47, issue 4, 2014, Pages 371~384
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2014.47.4.371
This study developed a new algorithm of extreme rainfall extraction based on the Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite (COMS) and the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM) Satellite image data and evaluated its applicability for the heavy rainfall event in July-2011 in Seoul, South Korea. The power-series-regression-based Z-R relationship was employed for taking into account for empirical relationships between TRMM/PR, TRMM/VIRS, COMS, and Automatic Weather System(AWS) at each elevation. The estimated Z-R relationship (
) agreed well with observation from AWS (correlation coefficient=0.57). The estimated 10-minute rainfall intensities from the COMS satellite using the Z-R relationship generated underestimated rainfall intensities. For a small rainfall event the Z-R relationship tended to overestimated rainfall intensities. However, the overall patterns of estimated rainfall were very comparable with the observed data. The correlation coefficients and the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) of 10-minute rainfall series from COMS and AWS gave 0.517, and 3.146, respectively. In addition, the averaged error value of the spatial correlation matrix ranged from -0.530 to -0.228, indicating negative correlation. To reduce the error by extreme rainfall estimation using satellite datasets it is required to take into more extreme factors and improve the algorithm through further study. This study showed the potential utility of multi-geostationary satellite data for building up sub-daily rainfall and establishing the real-time flood alert system in ungauged watersheds.
Assessment of Typhoon Trajectories and Synoptic Pattern Based on Probabilistic Cluster Analysis for the Typhoons Affecting the Korean Peninsula
Kim, Tae-Jeong ; Kwon, Hyun-Han ; Kim, Ki-Young ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 47, issue 4, 2014, Pages 385~396
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2014.47.4.385
Lately, more frequent typhoons cause extensive flood and wind damage throughout the summer season. In this respect, this study aims to develop a probabilistic clustering model that uses both typhoon genesis location and trajectories. The proposed model was applied to the 197 typhoon events that made landfall in the Korean peninsula from 1951 to 2012. We evaluate the performance of the proposed clustering model through a simulation study based on synthetic typhoon trajectories. The seven distinguished clusters for typhoons affecting Korean peninsula were identified. It was found that most of typhoon genesis originated from a remote position (
) near the Equator. Cluster, type B can be regarded as a major track due to the fact that its frequency is approximately about 25.4% out of 197 events and its direct association with strong positive rainfall anomalies.
A Study on Evaluation of Ecological Function before and after River Improvement
Hong, Il ; Kim, Ji-Sung ; Shin, Hyoung Sub ; Kim, Kyu Ho ;
Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, volume 47, issue 4, 2014, Pages 397~409
DOI : 10.3741/JKWRA.2014.47.4.397
In this study, the assessment scheme has been developed to evaluate the ecological function of rivers which were changed by the river improvement project. The evaluating factors are composed of physical structure in river channels and ecological connectivity in river areas, and each value of the factors is quantified based on 4 and 2 variables, respectably. This scheme was applied to past (1918, before artificial river improvement) and present Mankyung River area. A GIS model was adopted for calculating, analysing, and presenting river ecological conditions using the 204 grids and 7 reaches in study area. Comparison results show that the evaluation grade was decreased in both factors after river improvement. The main causes of lower grade (from II to IV) for physical structure are the river straightening and crossing structures. The reduction (from II to III) in ecological connectivity grade effected by linear fragmentation due to roads and rails is found to be greater than areal fragmentation due to land-use. In particular, it is also found that a high degree of ecological connectivity in 1918 was distributed along the river, but that one in 2007 showed a tendency to scatter because of the construction of levee and increase of urbanized area.