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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Taxonomic Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
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Clematis calcicola J. S. Kim: A new species of Clematis sect. Atragene (Ranunculaceae) from Korea
Kim, Jin-Seok ; Chung, Jae-Min ; Kim, Sang-Yong ; Pak, Jae-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 39, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~3
We named and described Clematis calcicola J. S. Kim, a new species of Clematis sect. Atragene (Ranunculaceae) found in a limestone area of Mt. Deokhang, Korea. Clematis calcicola is distinguished from the other species of sect. Atragene by 1) sparsely dentate, glabrescent, and subcoriaceous leaflets and 2) smooth and thick sepals.
Anatomy of the Korean mistletoe and their haustorial features in host plants
Choi, Kyung ; Park, Kwang-Woo ; Kim, Hyuk-Jin ; Lee, Jae-Dong ; Koo, Ja-Choon ; Whang, Sung-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 39, issue 1, 2009, Pages 4~11
Anatomical features of both leaves and stems of the four mistletoes in Korea (Viscum album var. coloratum, Korthalsella japonica, Loranthus yadoriki, L. tanaka) and of their secondary haustorial structure within several host plants were investigated. Among the four mistletoes, there were diagnostic characters of the anatomy of leaves and stems which enabled us to distinguish the four taxa. Leaves were observed to have three distinct characters including unifacial or bifacial leaves, the number of vascular bundles in the midveins, and the level of development of sclerenchyma cells. There were four diagnostic characters of stems: overall morphology of stems in transverse view, degree of cuticle development, arrangement of vascular bundles, and features of the sclerenchyma and pith. In order to determine secondary haustorial traits, the research focused on the seven host plants of L. yadoriki and on the five host plants of K. japonica. The following features were found to be important: presence or absence of an aerial runner root, the shape of the haustorial strand and flange, the degree of penetration into host tissues, and their development of shaft in transverse view, the development both of secondary haustorial cells and short tracheid in hyphae. Korthalsella japonica and L. yadorki were clearly distinguished by these characters. The secondary haustorial forms in each host were somewhat different, due to varying degrees of development in the strength of the host plants' wood. However, qualitative characters like the final position of the secondary haustorial penetration into host tissues and the development of short tracheid cells were not only affected by the degree of development of the host plants, but also useful for the systematic study.
Analysis of hybridity of Asplenium castaneo-viride Baker
Kwon, Yong-Ju ; Kim, Chul-Hwan ; Ahn, Jin-Kap ; Sun, Byung-Yun ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 39, issue 1, 2009, Pages 12~23
To verify hybridity of Asplenium castaneo-viride, external morphology, spore morphology, anatomy and chromosomes of the species and of the two presumed parental species, A. incisum and A. ruprechtii, were examined. A. castaneo-viride usually had 1-pinnately divided frond. However, some individuals had almost simple fronds with pinnatisect basal parts similar to A. ruprechtii, while others had fronds similar to A. incisum in having oblanceolate blades and basal pinnae with triangular, 2-3 lobed apices. On the surface of the spores, sculpturing consisted of folds that were usually prominent; forming long wings, and irregular or incomplete reticulation. However, reticulation patterns varied among species. A. castaneo-viride showed a wide range of variation from sparse to dense patterns, whereas A. incisum showed only from sparse to intermediate patterns. A. ruprechtii showed from intermediate to dense patterns. The spore size of A. castaneo-viride was 54.63
, larger than other two species (47.81
in A. incisum and 44.22
in A. ruprechtii). The level of undulation of epidermal cell wall was also different. A. incisum had the most shallowly undulated wall, and A. castaneo-viride had a pattern intermediate between the two presumed parental species. This same patterns was recognized in the density of stomata. The density of 45.91 /
in A. castaneo-viride was intermediate between the two presumed parental species (67.00 /
in A. incisum, and 37.86 /
in A. ruprechtii). Chromosome number was constant (2x =2n = 72) as in A. incisum and A. ruprechtii. However, A. castaneo-viride showed a different ploidy level. The populations of Mt. Mai (Jeonbuk province) and Mt. Duryun (Jeonnam province) were diploid (2n = 72) which is a new record for this taxon, whereas the population of Mt. Buram (Seoul) was tetraploid (2n = 144). Conclusively, A. castaneo-viride was revealed to be a hybrid of A. ruprechtii and A. incisum based on evidence involving leaves, spores, epidermal cells, stomata and chromosome number.
A karyotype analysis of Lactuca (Asteraceae) in Korea
Yang, Ji-Young ; Choi, Kyung ; Pak, Jae-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 39, issue 1, 2009, Pages 24~28
The chromosome morphology of two Korean Lactuca (L. indica, L. triangulata) is reported herein. The chromosome number and karyotype of a naturalized plant, L. scariola are reported for the first time. The basic chromosome number was x = 9. Polyploid forms were not recorded. The karyotypes of L. indica, L. scariola, and L. triangulata were 2 n = 18 = 2m+ 7 sm, 2 n = 18 = 1m + 6 sm+ 2 st, 2 n = 18 = 2m + 5 sm+ 2 st, respectively. Both L. indica and L. triangulata had satellites at the ends of their short arms. The haploid genome lengths of L. indica, L.scariola, and L. triangulata were 56.3
, and 72.5
respectively. Each chromosome length of naturalized L. scariola was 2.7-5.2
; the smallest among Korean Lactuca. The chromosome lengths of L. indica and L. triangulata were 4.7-7.6
, respectively. The karyotype of L. scariola differed from that of L.indica and L.triangulata both of which belong to sect. Tuberosae. Therefore, L. scariola is thought to belong to sect. Lactuca subsect. Lactuca.
Variations of leaf thickness in the Chrysanthemum zawadskii complex and in two related Korean species: C. boreale and C. indicum (Asteraceae)
Kim, Jung-Sung ; Tobe, Hiroshi ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 39, issue 1, 2009, Pages 29~34
The Chrysanthemum zawadskii complex is demarcated from other species by having the white and pink ligulate flowers. Its morphological characters are greatly diversified, so that various classification systems have been suggested. The character of leaf thickness has been mentioned as the characteristic for recognizing some of infra-specific taxa within this complex. In this study, we used longitudinal leaf sections to investigate the leaf thickness and cell number of leaf blades of 13 populations including those of the members of the C. zawadskii complex, as well as 4 populations of the related species of C. boreale and C. indicum. From the result, it was clear that the leaves were thicker in populations of C. boreale, C. indicum and C. zawadskii complex (diminishing in that order), and that the leaves were composed of about 9 cell layers in all populations. Within the C. zawadskii complex, leaf shape and thickness varied among the populations. It was very interesting that the taxa with restricted distribution, like C. zawadskii var. tenuisectum, C. zawadskii var. alpinum, C. zawadskii var. lucidum, and C. zawadskii subsp. coreanum had a thicker leaves than found among widely occurring taxa. From this, leaf thickness is supposed to be an adaptation to the unique habitat of each population.
Molecular phylogeny of Astilbe: Implications for phylogeography and morphological evolution
Kim, Sang-Yong ; Kim, Sung-Hee ; Shin, Hyun-Chur ; Kim, Young-Dong ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 39, issue 1, 2009, Pages 35~41
Astilbe (Saxifragaceae) is a genus well known for its disjunctive distribution in Asia and eastern North America. In this study, we reconstructed a molecular phylogeny of the genus using the sequences of ITS regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA. A total of 17 species representing major lineage of Astilbe and closely related taxa were included in the phylogenetic analyses. We obtained a Bayesian phylogenetic tree in which Saxifragopsis was positioned as a sister group to Astilbe. The Japanese endemic species, A.platyphylla was the most basal lineage within the genus. This species is well known for its distinct morphological features such as unisexual flowers, apetaly, and calyx with 7-11 lobes. Two species, A. biternata, a New World representative of the genus, and A. rivularis widely distributed in S. Asia, branched off early in the evolution of Astilbe. The remaining species formed a strongly supported core clade, which diverged into two robust geographical lineages: the first ("Japonica" clade) of species distributed in Japan, Taiwan, and Philippines and the other ("Rubra" clade), of taxa in China and Korea. The ITS phylogeny indicates that the Bering land bridges were the major route for the origin and dispersal of A. biternata. The two Taiwanese taxa and A. philippinensis were found to derive from the Japanese member, as the genus advanced southwards. The ITS phylogeny suggests that apetaly originated independently at least two times within the genus. Our results do not support Engler's classification system of the genus based on the leaf type (simple vs. compound), but reaffirm Hara's taxonomic idea which primarily considered the features of calyx.
A cytotaxonomic study of Galium (Rubiaceae) in Korea
Jeong, Keum-Seon ; Pak, Jae-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 39, issue 1, 2009, Pages 42~47
In this study, the somatic chromosome of 14 taxa of Korean Galium L. were investigated. Among them were a few taxa for which the somatic chromosome number was determined for the first time. The somatic chromosome numbers of Korean Galium L. were 2n = 22, 24, 44, 48, 66, 72, 77, 88 and so basic chromosome numbers were x = 11 or 12. Those taxa having the basic chromosome number x = 11 showed polyploidy, including diploid, tetraploid, heptaploid, and octoploid. Tetraploid and hexaploid can be observed in those taxa with the basic number x = 12. The eleven taxa reported 11 for the first time are G. spurium var. echinospermon (Wallr.) Hayek (2n = 44), G. gracilens (A. Gray) Makino (2n = 22), G. pogonanthum Franch. & Sav. (2n = 22, 44), G. trachyspermum A. Gray (2n = 22, 44), G. japonicum (Maxim.) Makino & Nakai (2n = 77), G. trifloriforme Kom. (2n = 44), G. dahuricum Turcz. var. dahuricum (2n = 48, 72), G. dahuricum var. tokyoense (Makino) Cufod. (2n = 22), G. kinuta Nakai & Hara (2n=66), G. verum var. trachycarpum for. nikkoense (Nakai) Ohwi (2n = 44), G. verum var. asiaticum for. pusillum (Nakai) M. Park (2n = 44). The taxa with the same chromosome numbers as previously reported ones were G. boreale L. (2n=22) and G. verum var. asiaticum Nakai for. asiaticum (2n = 44). The chromosome number of G. trifidum L. (2n = 22) was different from the previous report. Two infraspecific taxa of G. dahuricum showed differences in their basic chromosome numbers (x = 11 for G. dahuricum Turcz. var. dahuricum and x = 12 for var. tokyoense (Makino) Cufod. The somatic chromosome number for G. dahuricum Turcz. var. dahuricum was found to be 2n = 48 (tetraploid) or 72 (hexaploid), while that of G. dahuricum var. tokyoense (Makino) Cufod. was found to be 2n = 22 (diploid). Therefore, basic chromosome numbers for members of the genus Galium can be used as valuable characters in delimiting infrageneric sections and investigating interspecific relationships.
Genetic diversity of Forsythia ovata Nakai (Oleaceae) based on inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR)
Kim, Sang-Yong ; Kim, Young-Dong ; Kim, Jin-Seok ; Yang, Byeong-Hoon ; Kim, Sung-Hee ; Lee, Byung-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 39, issue 1, 2009, Pages 48~54
We investigated the genetic diversity of an endemic rare species, Forsythia ovata Nakai by examining 93 ISSR amplicons in 84 individuals distributed among five populations. The overall percentage of polymorphic ISSR amplicons was 54.8% and mean number of amplicons per ISSR primer was 6.6. The amount of genetic diversity was relatively lower than other shrub species. The Mt. Seokbyeong and Mt. Seorak B populations had the highest level of genetic diversity. Although the Seokgae-jae population had the lowest level of genetic diversity, the population was genetically the most distinctive from the other populations. About 30.6% of the total variation was allocated between five populations, which was slightly higher than other shrub species. Such a pattern of genetic variation may have resulted from the limited distribution and small population sizes of F. ovata. The UPGMA dendrogram based on Nei's genetic distance showed some decisive geographic patterns. These results suggest that, in addition to the preservation of the natural stands, the conservation of larger number of populations with small number of individuals per population is more effective for the dynamic ex situ conservation and for maintaining the genetic diversity of F. ovata than smaller number of populations with large number of individuals.
Hae-ho-mal, Halophila nipponica (Hydrocharitaceae), a recently discovered seagrass species on the coast of the Korean peninsula
Kim, Jeong-Bae ; Park, Jung-Im ; Jung, Chang-Su ; Lee, Sang-Yong ; Lee, Pil-Yong ; Lee, Kun-Seop ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 39, issue 1, 2009, Pages 55~57
Here we report the occurrence of a seagrass species, Halophila nipponica J. Kuo, which was recently collected from Ando-ri, Yeosu-city, Jeollanam-do in Korea. H. nipponica, which was first collected from Japan, is the only Halophila species distributed in temperate regions, and was reported as a new species recently. The new Korean common name of this species, ‘Hae-ho-mal’ was given considering its habitat.