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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Taxonomic Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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Seed characteristics of Withania somnifera (Solanaceae)
Ghimire, Balkrishna ; Ghimire, Bimal Kumar ; Heo, Kweon ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 41, issue 2, 2011, Pages 103~107
The seed characteristics of Withania somnifera were studied using light and scanning electron microscopy in order to determine the specific features of this species. The seed color is yellow, and the seed shape is reniform measuring between two to three millimeters. The seed of W. somnifera is exarillate and albuminous. The seed coat type is exotestal. The seed coat develops from a single integument. The young seed coat consists of single-layered exotesta, multi-layered mesotesta and single-layered endotesta. However, parenchymatous mesotesta layers are completely compressed at maturity. Therefore, the seed coat was represented by sclerenchymatous exotesta. The primary sculpture on the seed surface is reticulate, and cells are irregular in shape with undulating anticlinal walls. In addition, the seed surface has several characteristic holes between the anticlinal walls.
A Palynological Study of the Korean Oldenlandia L. (Rubiaceae)
Nam, Bo-Mi ; Chung, Gyu-Young ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 41, issue 2, 2011, Pages 108~112
The pollen of 5 taxa on Korean Oldenlandia L. was investigated by LM and SEM. The pollen grains were monads, 20.7-36.0
m in polar length, with an equatorial diameter of 21.0-38.4
m. The pollen shapes were oblate-spheroidal or spherical (P/E ratio 0.93-1.00). The apertures numbered 3-7 in number, colporate in shape, with a colpus length of 4.2-20.4
m and a colpus width of 2.6-3.4
m. The sexine was 0.9-2.4
m in terms of its thickness, the surface pattern was reticulate, scabrate or neither. Based on these results, the size of the pollen grain, the number of apertures, and the surface pattern of the sexine were all useful for an interspecific classification. The genus Neanotis, established via the pollen characteristics, was thought to be reviewed in its entity regarding the continuous variation of generic characteristics.
Chromosome numbers on the Korean species of Senecio L. and two related genera (Asteraceae)
Chang, Chin ; Chung, Gyu-Young ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 41, issue 2, 2011, Pages 113~118
The somatic chromosome numbers of the Korean species of Senecio L. and two related genera are investigated here. Three different chromosome numbers were found: 2n = 40 in Senecio argunensis Turcz., S. nemorensis L., S. vulgaris L., Tephroseris flammea (DC.) Holub and 2n = 44 in T. phaeantha (Nakai) C. Jeffrey & Y.L. Chen. and 2n = 48 in Sinosenecio koreanus (Kom.) B. Nord., T. kirilowii (Turcz. ex DC.) Holub and T. pierotii (Miq.) Holub. The chromosome numbers of Sinosenecio koreanus (Kom.) B. Nord., Tephroseris flammea (DC.) Holub and T. phaeantha (Nakai) C. Jeffrey & Y.L. Chen. were different from those in previous reports.
Phylogenetic Relationships of Korean Campanulaceae Based on PCR-RFLP and ITS Sequences
Kim, Kyung-Ah ; Yoo, Ki-Oug ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 41, issue 2, 2011, Pages 119~129
Phylogenetic studies were conducted to evaluate the taxonomic relationships among 27 taxa, including 2 outgroups of Korean Campanulaceae, using PCR-RFLP analysis and ITS sequences. In the PCR-RFLP analysis, 15 restriction endonucleases produced 244 restriction sites and size variations from the chloroplast DNA, and 59 restriction sites (24%) showed polymorphism. The length of the ITS regions ranged from 588 bp to 797 bp. The sequence divergence including the outgroups is 0-39.36%. Phylogenetic analyses based on PCR-RFLP and ITS data suggest that Campanulaceae is monophyletic; Codonopsis and Platycodon forms an independent clade; the Peracarpa and Asyneuma clade is a sister to the Adenophora-Hanabusaya clade; Campanula is monophyletic; and Wahlenbergia basally branches within the ITS tree, whereas they are placed between Campanula and the Codonopsis-Platycodon clade in the PCR-RFLP tree; Hanabusaya is placed within the Adenophora clade; and Adenophora is paraphyletic and shows discordance to the infrageneric classifications based on morphological data. The present results show two data sets, largely congruent at the generic level, but their phylogenetic positions, in particular the Wahlenbergia and Hanabusaya and the infrageneric classifications in Adenophora, show some incongruence.
Taxonomic position of Pedicularis hallaisanensis Hurusawa, an endemic plant of Mt. Halla
Cho, Won-Bum ; Choi, Byoung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 41, issue 2, 2011, Pages 130~137
Pedicularis growing at Mt. Halla of Jeju Island is known as an endemic species of P. hallaisanensis Hurusawa. On the other hand, the plant is morphologically similar to P. amoena, P. spicata, and P. verticillata in gross morphology, so the taxonomic treatment of the taxon remains controversial. To clarify the taxonomic position of the plants, we examined external morphological characters and nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS sequences for P. hallaisanensis and its related species. The plants of Mt. Halla are clearly different from P. amoena and P. verticillata in the morphology of calyx lobes, the length of galea and lower lip, density of glandular hairs on plants, presences of the radical leaves after anthesis and molecular data. However, P. hallaisanensis is not clearly separated from P. spicata distributed in N. E. Asia on external morphological characters and DNA sequences of internal transcribed spacers. In this study, the morphological and molecular data suggested that P. hallaisanensis should be merged into the former species.
Distribution and anatomical characteristics of Trachelospermum asiaticum in Korea
Park, Jong-Soo ; Lee, Jung-Hyun ; Cho, Won-Bum ; Lee, Dong-Hyuk ; Choi, In-Su ; Oh, Byoung-Un ; Choi, Byoung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 41, issue 2, 2011, Pages 138~143
Based on specimens examined, a distribution map of Trachelospermum asiaticum in Korea is provided. The species is distributed on Jeju Island and over the southern and western coastal areas in Korea. The northern limit of distribution is the Deokjeok Islands of Incheon. The distributional range of this species is consistent with that of the Jeju and South coastal floristic subregions of Korea. On the other hand, we investigated the anatomical characteristics of root, stem, leaf and ovary, in addition to the ultrastructure of pollen grains and leaf surfaces of the species, as these have been scarcely examined.
Taxonomy of the infraspecific taxa of Adonis amurensis Regel et Radde (Ranunculaceae)
Son, Dong-Chan ; Ko, Sung-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 41, issue 2, 2011, Pages 144~155
The infraspecific taxa of Adonis amurensis Regel et Radde are currently known to include one subspecies (subsp. nanus Y. Lee), two varieties (var. ramosa Makino, and var. dissectipetalis Y. Lee) and two forms (for. argentatus Y. Lee, and for. viridescensicalyx Y. Lee). Among them, the remaining three taxa except for subsp. nanus and var. dissectipetalis are unified with A. amurensis. Therefore, we examined the morphological characteristics and geographical distribution of A. amurensis in effort to elucidate the taxonomic status of subsp. nanus and var. dissectipetalis. After the subsp. nanus samples had been transplanted from their type locality, i.e. highland at more than 1,000 m above sea level, to a lowland habitat, we measured the samples' morphological characteristics. The range of values we recorded of the plant height and floral diameter from the subsp. nanus samples were within the parameters used to characterize A. amurensis. Accordingly, subsp. nanus has been characterized as an ecophene of A. amurensis. It is considered as a synonym of A. amurensis. Among the populations of A. amurensis (sensu Y.Lee, author), those with highly dissected petals at their apices have previously been described as var. dissectipetalis. However, this characteristic has been observed together with obtuse or rounded petal apices not only in one population but also in a single individual. However, populations with these characteristics belong to A. pseudoamurensis due to the simultaneous development of leaves and flowers, branched stems, acute leaf apices, and petals that are shorter than sepals. Therefore, we suggest that A. amurensis var. dissectipetalis be unified with A. pseudoamurensis. Very useful characteristics for distinguishing A. amurensis from its relative species are anthesis, the presence or absence of branches, the development of scales into normal leaves, the relative length of the sepals and petals, and the position of the stipules. A. amurensis is geographically restricted to E. Asia, including E. Siberia, and especially on the Korean Peninsula, it is distributed throughout the northern provinces of Gyeonggi province and in Gangwon province, Gyeongbuk province (Mt. Bohyeon-san) and Jeonbuk province (Mt Jeoksang-san) along Baekdudaegan mountain.
Morphological characteristics, distribution and taxonomic consideration of Chionanthus retusus Lindl. & Paxton in Korea
Song, Jun-Ho ; Kong, Min-Jung ; Hong, Suk-Pyo ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 41, issue 2, 2011, Pages 156~163
The morphological characteristics of Chionanthus retusus Lindl. & Paxton in Korea are reviewed in this study through the comparison with its previous records and a distribution map of this species is created using previous flora and voucher specimens. The leaf epidermal micromorphology and the petiole anatomy are also briefly described.
Two Newly Naturalized Plants in Korea: Euphorbia heterophylla L. and E. hirta L.
Ji, Seong-Jin ; Park, Soo-Hyun ; Lee, You-Mi ; Lee, Cheul-Ho ; Kim, Sang-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 41, issue 2, 2011, Pages 164~170
Two naturalized plants (Euphorbiaceae) were recorded from Busan Metropolitan City and from the Jeju Special Self-Governing Province. Euphorbia heterophylla L. (A-me-ri-ka-dae-geuk) was found in a park near Suyeong-gang, Allak-dong, Dongnae-gu, in Busan Metropolitan City. This species is distinguished from E. dentata by its alternating leaves of main stem and glands of involucres with a circular opening. Euphorbia hirta L. (Teol-ttang-bin-dae) was found in Yerae village, Yerae-dong, Seogwipo-si, in Jeju Special Self-Governing Province. It is distinguished from E. hypericifolia as it has capsules with hairs.
Newly Recorded Naturalized Species in Korea, Silene antirrhina L. (Caryophyllaceae)
Bak, Gyu-Jin ; Koh, Jae-Kee ; Pak, Jae-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy, volume 41, issue 2, 2011, Pages 171~174
A naturalized species, Silene antirrhina L is newly reported in Korea. S. antirrhina L. was found along the Geumho riverside in Daegu. S. antirrhina L. is similar to S. koreana Kom. and S. armeria L. in that it has dark glutinous areas. S. antirrhina L. can be distinguished from congeneric species by the stamens and styles of its sepal and seed surface which are finely papillate. The Korean name of S. antirrhina L. "Ganeun-Kkunkkunijangguchea" was newly formulated based on the overall characteristics of this thin and small plant and on the Korean name of S. koreana Kom. photos of the habitat and a description and key of characteristics are provided.