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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Research in Plant Disease
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Plant Pathology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Sep 1985
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Apr 1985
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Jan 1985
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Spore Germination of Some Plant Pathogenic Fungi under Different Soil Conditions in Relation to Soil Fungistasis
Lee Min Woong ; Choi Hae Jung ; Shim Jae Ouk ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 1, issue 3, 1985, Pages 157~157
Some interactions in various soil conditions, numbers of microbial populations, root rot disease development and rates of spore germiation in three different location of soils were investigated. The calcium and magnesium contents were higher in replanted fields of ginseng (Panax ginseng) at Goesan. Potassium contents were high in replanted field at Poonggi and textural class of the soils was silt loam except for silt clay loam in first cultured field of ginseng at Goesan. For the germination process of Fusarium solani, F. moniliforme, F. oxysporum, and Alternaria panax, the percentage germination of fungal spores was high in double distilled water and Pfeffer''s solution as media, whereas the lower rate of germination of spores was observed in soil extracts. Numbers of bacteria were high in replanted field soil at Gumsan, and propagules of fungi in replanted fields at Gumsan and Poonggi were higher than other soils, but higher numbers of actinomycetes were found in the first cultured field of ginseng at Goesan and Poonggi. Fungistasis was induced by higher microbial populations present in soil that was initiated when amended with garlic stalk, crushed bean and ginseng leaves. On the other hand, there was no fungistasis in soil amended with wheat and barley straw, and this tendency was a little difference on the soil sample
Changes in Amino Acid Content in Infected Leaves of Spring Barley Plants Resistant to Powdery Mildew at Adult- Plant Stage
Hwang Byung Kook ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 1, issue 3, 1985, Pages 165~165
Ethanol-soluble amino acids in healthy and powdery mildew-infected leaves of the susceptible cultivar Peruvian and the adult-plant-resistant cultivar Asse of spring barley were quantitatively analysed. At I day after inoculation, the levels of amino acids in the infected first leaves of the two cultivars were similar to those of comparable healthy controls. During sporulation, increases in amino acids were more pronounced in Peruvian than those in Asse. The changes in amino acid content in the infected first and fifth leaves were closely related to the number of colonies per leaf. The susceptible cultivar Peruvian showed higher amounts of amino acids in infected first and fifth leaves at all infection intensitives than did Asse.
Ecological Studies on Rice Sheath Blight Caused by Rhizoctonia solani IV. Inoculation Time of Sclerotium and Disease Development
Kim Chang Kyu ; Ra Dong Soo ; Min Hong Sik ; Lee Young Hee ; Lee Eun Jong ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 1, issue 3, 1985, Pages 169~169
Natural sclerotia of Rhizoctonia solani causing rice sheath blight were inoculated at 10 day intervals from June 15 to July 15 in paddy field, Icheon, Korea. Percentage of infected stems, top lesion height and percentage of. lesion height vs. plant height were higher in the early inoculated plots than in the late inoculated ones. However, rio significant differences among inoculation dates of sclerotia were found on the basis of degree of damage at maturing stage and rice yield. These results suggest that the time of initial symptom appearance under the same inoculum potential may not affect the damage of rice plants by the fungus.
Pathogenicity of Didymella bryoniae on the Seedlings of Cucurbits
Lee Du Hyung ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 1, issue 3, 1985, Pages 173~173
The objective of the study is to determine differences between cucurbits in the pathogenicity of Didymella bryoniae isolated from the naturally infected seeds of cucumber and pumpkin. Primary seedling infection of cucumber(Cucumis sativus L.), oriental melon(Cucumis melo var. makuwa Makino), pumpkin(Cucurbita pepo L.) and watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Shrad.) occurred on the radicle, hypocotyl and cotyledons and symptoms on each crop were very similar. Infection of the radicle generally caused pre-emergence rot, while infection on the hypocotyl and cotyledons provided further inoculum for infection of the first true leaves and the stem. In cross inoculation tests, all isolates of D. bryoniae could infect cucumber, oriental melon, pumpkin and watermelon at different growth stages and there were not much differences in pathogenicity or susceptibility between isolates of the pathogen and crops tested. The susceptibility of cucumber and pumpkin was markedly influenced by prevailing humid conditions.
Peroxidase Activity in Leaf Tissue of Rice Infected by Pyricularia oryzae
Park Won Mok ; Lee Yong Se ; Park Sang Ho ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 1, issue 3, 1985, Pages 178~178
The present researches were carried out to investigate the peroxidase activity in association with the reactions of the 4 cultivars of rice plant, Nagdong, Jinheung, Nongbaek and Taebaek to Pyricularia oryzae race KJ-I0l and KJ-301. Although the peroxidase activity was increased during the growth of the rice seedlings, the significant difference in the activity was not found among 4 cultivars. After inoculation of the fungus, the peroxidase activity was enhanced in diseased leaves, being considerably higher in the compatible than in the incompatible cultivars. The isozyme bands of peroxidases observed in mycelium of rice blast fungus were not found in the diseased leaves on the gel electrophoresis. The peroxidase activity was not affected by the increased application of nitrogenous fertilizer.
Transmission and Histochemical Detection of Mulberry Dwarf Mycoplasma in Several Herbaceous Plants
Kim Young Ho ; La Yong Joon ; Kim Young Taek ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 1, issue 3, 1985, Pages 184~184
Transmission of mulberry dwarf mycoplasma (MDM) from diseased mulberry to 5 herbaceous plants (periwinkle, white clover, Ladino clover, red clover, and Chinese milk vetch) through insect vector, Hishimonus sellatus, was confirmed by symptom expression and microscopic evidences. The earliest symptom appearance was noticed on periwinkle in which incubation period was 25-30 days, while it ranged 35-40 days in the other plant species. The common symptoms of MDM infected plants were characterized by poor plant growth with accompanying discolorations of leaves (chlorosis with vein clearing in periwinkle, reddish in red clover, brownish in white and Ladino clovers, and yellowish in Chinese milk vetch). Mycoplasmal infections were diagnosed light microscopically by Dienes'' and toluidine blue staining of hand-cut and Epon-embedded sections, respectively. In Dienes'' stain, all the plants infected with MDM showed specific staining reaction in phloems. In toluidine blue stain, mycoplasmal existence was noted by granular appearance in sieve tubes which were confirmed to be mycoplasma-like organisms under an electron microscope.
The Effects of Rice Black-Streaked Dwarf Virus on Vector (Laodelphax striatellus U.) and Host Plants
Lee Key Woon ; Kim Sang Kyu ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 1, issue 3, 1985, Pages 190~190
The insect vector (Laodelphax striatellus) of rice black-streaked dwarf virus prefered rice plant to maize in feeding both in the cage and in the field, whereas the percent of infectious plants was much higher in maize than rice plants. The causal virus reduced the adult longevity, total number of hatching nymphs and maturity rate from nymphs of the insect vector. The percent of dry weight over fresh weight in rice from early to late growth stages was lower in diseased plants than in healthy plants but it was reversed on maize plant in early growth stage. In agarose gel-diffusion and microprecipitin serological tests, the intensities of antigen with antisera were in orders the preparation partially purified from infected maize leaves> rice stems> rice leaves> maize stems. The pholem galls in diseased plants developed well in the low temperature.
Distribution of Nematode Genera in Soybean Fields of Kyong-gi Province
Lee Y. B. ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 1, issue 3, 1985, Pages 195~195
In 6 locations of Kyong-gi province, 120 soybean fields were examined to study the distribution of plant nematode genera. Heterodera glycines was found in
of soybean fields examined. Among nematode genera infesting over
of soybean fields were Aphclcllchus
. The populations of genera Aphelenchoides, Aphelenchus, Ditylenchus and Tylenchorhynchus were over 1000 nematodes/500g of soil sample in some soybean fields. Of the genera found from the survey, Heterodera, Trichodorus. Xiphinema and Pratylenchus seem to be most important to soybean. Fourteen genera were identified from Yeoncheon, and 13 from Yangju, 10 each from Paju, Kimpo and Namyangju and 9 from Goyang.
Viroid-the Smallest Plant Pathogen
Lee Jai Youl ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 1, issue 3, 1985, Pages 199~199
Viroids are the smallest. well-characterized infectious agents presently known. and so far viroids have been found only in higher plants. The structures of viroid-molecules are single-stranded, covalently closed circular RNA molecules with a range of 240 to 380 nucleotides according to the various viroids. Viroids are remarkable not only as a new category of pathogen, which cause economically important diseases, but also as an excellent model system for biochemical and biophysical investigations because of their small size, relative stability and their self-replication. Four different patato spindle tuber viroid isolates, which express the different symptoms on the same host plant exchange only 2 to 6 nucleotides in the total number of 359 nucleotides, but now the mechanism of viroid pathogenicity is not explained fully. Viroid-melecules are replicated without any special viroid-associated proteins, and during the process of viroid replication oligomeric viroid-associated RNAs are detected at nuclei of viroid infected leaf tissue. The mechanism of viroid replication can now be illustrated according to a possible explanation of rolling-circle system. Although the rapid progress have been made in elucidation of the biochemical and biophysical properties of PSTV and other viroids, the mechanism of viroid replication and pathogenicity is less known and is still a matter of speculation. When these problems can be sufficiently explained, the viroid molecule could play an important role as an available vector in plant genetic engineering.