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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Research in Plant Disease
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Plant Pathology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 3 - Sep 1986
Volume 2, Issue 2 - May 1986
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Jan 1986
Selecting the target year
Screening of Rice Cultivars for Adult-Plant Resistance to Pyricularia oryzae
Koh Young Jin ; Hwang Byung Kook ; Chung Hoo Sup ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 2, 1986, Pages 69~69
Thirty two rice cultivars which have been cultivated or used as breeding materials in Korea were tested for screening rice cultivars resistant to leaf blast at adult-plant stages in the blast nursery hill plots. When compared on the basis of disease severities in individual leaves at different growth stages of rice plants under natural field infection, the 16 indica-japonica hybrids tested were highly resistant but the 16 japonica cultivars tested showed various degrees of resistance to leaf blast. With aging of rice plants, the quantitative levels of resistance to leaf blast increased in all the cultivars, although the levels of resistance to leaf blast varied according to rice genotypes. The leaf position of rice plants in which changed from susceptible to resistant reactions varied also with rice genotypes. The susceptible reactions of the rice cultivars to Pyricularia oryzae were distinctly changed to a resistant reaction on upper leaves of rice plants. The rice cultivars, in which the quantitative level of resistance to leaf blast was higher, were resistant on the lower leaves of rice plants. The cultivars Akibare, Palkeum, Jinheung, Olchal, Dobong and Ginga which drastically decreased blast infection at late growth stage were evaluated as adult-plant-resistant to leaf blast in the field. The adult-plant-resistant cultivars became resistant to leaf blast, both qualitatively and quantitatively, as rice plants matured.
Isolation and Identification of Antifungal Fatty Acids from the Extract of Common Purslane(Portulaca oleracea L.)
Park Jong Seong ; Nishimura Shoyo ; Marumo Shingo ; Katayama Masato ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 2, 1986, Pages 82~82
Five antifungal substances were isolated from the long-term storaged extract of common purslane, and identified as isobutyric, butyric, isovaleric, valerie and caproic acids belonging to short-chain fatty acids (C4C6). Each of these fatty acids showed more or less antifungal potency against spore germination and mycelial growth of Alternaria alternata Japanese pear pathotype in vitro. Antifungal potency of each fatty acid against spore germination was greater than that against the mycelial growth. No one of these fatty acids completely inhibited the mycelial growth at concentration lower than 200 ppm, while 50 ppm of caproic acid and 200 ppm of valerie acid completely inhibited the spore germination. The results of bioassay also suggested that chain-length of the fatty acids might be related with the antifungal potency, since fatty acids with longer chain showed higher antifungal potency.
Antifungal Properties of Some Short Chain Fatty Acids against Phytopathogenic Fungi
Park Jong Seong ; Kohmoto Keisuke ; Nishimura Shoyo ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 2, 1986, Pages 89~89
The five short-chain fatty acids such as isobutyric(C-4), butyric(C-4), isovaleric(C-5), valeric(C-5) and caproic (C-6) acids obtained from the extract of common purslane showed wide antifungal spectra against spore germination and mycelial growth of the twenty five phytopathogenic fungi tested in vitro, although there were differences in antifungal potency among them. The antifungal potency of each fatty acid varied significantly against different fungi in spore germination and mycelial growth. The seventeen fungi used for spore germination test and the sixteen fungi used for mycelial growth test can be divided into three groups depending upon differences in minimal inhibitory concentration of each fatty acid for them, respectively. Caproic acid was significantly more toxic to germination than to mycelial growth of the test fungi, while the other four fatty acids did not show such a significant differences in toxicity with a few of exceptions as shown in valerie acid. The longer the chain-length of fatty acid was, the higher the antifungal potency was shown. The normal fatty acids such as butyric and valerie acid were more toxic than their isomers to spore germination and mycelial growth of the test fungi. Each fatty acid was more toxic to spore germination of obligate parasites and some of facultative parasites, and mycelial growth of facultative parasites than to spore germination and mycelial growth of saprophytes, respectively.
Testing for Detection of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in Crucifer Seeds and Seed Disinfection
Kim Byung Soo ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 2, 1986, Pages 96~96
Total 29 commercial crucifer seed lots were tested for seed transmission of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris by seed washing liquid plating assay. One imported cabbage seed lot was found to carry Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris. Several methods and chemicals for eradication of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in and on the cabbage seed were tested for effectiveness. Soaking cabbage seed in
hydrogen peroxide solution for 30 minutes effectively eradicated Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in a naturally infested seed lot. In a field survey, black rot turned out to be an important disease in cabbage in Korea.
Pathotypes of Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae in Honam District, Korea
Lee D. K. ; Seo J. H. ; Choi J. E. ; Park K. H. ; Bae S. H. ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 2, 1986, Pages 102~102
The 719 isolates of Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae collected in Honam district during 1980-1984 were classified with new differential cultivars: 466(
) were pathotype K1, 116
pathotype K2, 130
pathotyps K3, and 7
pathotype K4. No isolate for pathotype K5 was found. The isolates of pathotypes K1, K2 and K3 were distributed in the geographic regions, Haenam, Gwangyang, Gangjin, Wando, Igsan, and Buan. The isolates of all pathotypes were obtained from Milyang 23, Nagdong, and Dongjin which were susceptible to all the pathotypestested, while most of the isolates belonging to pathotype K3 and K4 were obtained from pungsan, Baegyang, Samgwang and Milyang 30.
Two Strains of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. Causing Anthracnose on Pepper Fruits
Kim Wan Gyu ; Cho Eui Kyoo ; Lee Eun Jong ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 2, 1986, Pages 107~107
Each of 48 monoconidial isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. obtained from diseased fruits of pepper was classified into strain G or strain R based upon pathogenicity to green and red fruits, morphology of conidia, and cultural characteristics in potato dextrose agar. The strain G was designated for isolates to cause anthracnose symptoms both on green and red fruits. All isolates of the strain G produced conidia abundantly. but produced no perithecia and setae in PDA. Conidia of all isolates in the strain G were attenuated or round at one end. The optimum temperature for mycelial growth of strain G was
. The mycelia of strain G in PDA appeared to be whitish when young, and turned to be dark in old culture. Symptoms on pepper fruits caused by the strain G were somewhat sunken to be circular to elliptical lesions. Yellowish conidial masse were observed at the center of lesions, and the lesions turned to irregular shape and to reddish brown color in the later stage of disease development. No setae were visible on the acervuli. The strain R was designated for isolates to cause anthracnose symptoms only on red fruits of pepper. All isolates of the strain R produce conidia, and perithecia of Glomerella cingulata (Stonem.) Spauld. & v. Sch. in PDA. Some isolates of the strain R produced setae in culture under fluorescent light. Conidia of all isolates in the strain R were round and blunt at the ends. The optimum temperature for mycelial growth of strain R was the same as that of strain G. The mycelial growth of strain R was faster than that of strain G in PDA. The mycelia of strain R in PDA appeared to be gray to dark. Symptoms on pepper fruits caused by the strain R were circular to irregular black ring-spots Short setae or no setae were visible on the acervuli.
Inhibition Effect of Avirulent Pseudomonas solanacearum on the Multiplication of Virulent Isolate in Tobacco Plant
Lee Young Keun ; Kim Jeong Hwa ; Park Won Mok ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 2, 1986, Pages 114~114
Significant reduction in disease severity of bacterial wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum) on the susceptible tobacco cultivar BY 4 was observed until mid-July in a naturally infested field when bacterial suspensions of avirulent isolate were applied to tobacco root zones at one day before and fourty days after transplanting into the field. However, rapid increase in disease severity after mid-July resulted in the same severity
as on cultivar BY 4 without the application of the avirulent bacterial suspension at the end of the season. Yield increase in cultivar BY 4 was
due to the treatment, resulting in
price increase. The suppression me chanism did not appear to be dependent upon the inhibition of the virulent bacterial multiplication by the avirulent bacteria in tobacco rhizosphere soil because of no significant difference in the density of the patho genic bacteria between treated and untreated plant root zones. However. penetration of the virulent bacteria into the root systems and their multiplication in tobacco stem were inhibited remarkably by preinoculation with avirulent one, suggesting that those are related to the suppression of disease incidence.
Studies on Mild Mutants of Tobacco Mosaic Virus II. Biochemical Properties of Ribonucleic Acid and Coat Protein
Choi Jang Kyung ; Park Won Mok ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 2, 1986, Pages 121~121
The biochemical properties of ribonucleic acid (RNA) and coat protein of the mild tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) mutant, Tw 333 are described. The molecular weight of the RNA calculated from polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was
daltons. The molar ratio of the bases of the RNA was 25.4 guanine, 29.2 adenine, 17.5 cytosine and 27.9 uracil in moles. The hyperchromicity on Tw 333-RNA by thermal denaturation was
, indicating Tm value of
. The virus coat protein migrated as a single component in SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and had a molecular weight of 17,500 daltons. A total of 158 amino acid residues are present in the protein. Separation of the tryptic peptides by electrophoresis and chromatography yielded ninhydrin-positive compounds. The biochemical properties of RNA and coat protein of the mild mutant we very similar to those of wild type of TMV-OM strain, but some difference between the strains were observe in the base composition, hyperchromicity, amino acid composition and tryptic peptide map.