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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Research in Plant Disease
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Plant Pathology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 3 - Sep 1986
Volume 2, Issue 2 - May 1986
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Jan 1986
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Modification of Tomato Aspermy Virus Symptom by Cucumber Mosaic Virus- Associated Satellite RNA
Lee Hyun Sook ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 3, 1986, Pages 145~145
A tomato Aspermy Virus (TAV-B) served as a helper virus for multiplication and encapsidation of satellite RNAs which were isolated from two different CMV isolates, D and K. These two satellite RNAs induced renarkable attenuation of TAV symptoms in infected tobacco, which was correlated with a reduction of virus content in the plant. The CMV satellite RNAs also caused lethal necrosis in TAV-infected tomato as in the case of CMV system.
Preservation Methods of Xanthomonas campestris pv. oryzae in Relation to Virulence and Colony-Type Variation
Hwang In Gyu ; Cho Yong Sup ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 3, 1986, Pages 150~150
Effects of presservation methods on viability and virulence of Xanthosmonas compestris pv. oryzae were investigated. The incidence of colony-type variants from freeze-dried and deep-frozen cultures was also determined. The suspending medium for freeze-dried cultures containing
gelatin showed the highest viability, and the virulence was well maintained in the suspending medium containing
ascorbic acid, 0.5% ammonium chloride,
NaCl. Serially transferred cultures became attenuated. Rough colonies which had wrinkled surface occurred at a frequency of
during freeze-drying and freezing. The rough colonies consisted of nonseptated filamentous cells and rod-shaped cells. The virulence of rough colonies was weak as compared with the normal colony type.
Histopathology of Strawberry Plant Infected with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae
Moon Byung Ju ; Chung Hoo Sup ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 3, 1986, Pages 158~158
Histopathological changes of strawberry plants infected with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae Winks & Williams were examined. In all sections of the plant parts including roots, crowns, petioles and runners naturally and artificially infected with the fungus, fungal hyphae and conidia, and their plugging were found in xylem vessels, and formation of cavities was noted in the vascular cylinders. The xylem vessels were not localized with pectic materials, tyloses were not formed, and xylem parenchyma cells were not hypertrophied. The results suggest that plugging or disconnection of xylem elements by the fungus may be an important factor in inducing characteristic symptoms associated with Fusarium wilt of strawberry.
Bacterial Chemotaxis to Extracts, Exudates, Solutions in Vitro and Soil
Lee Min Woon ; Kim Sung Ill ; Shim Jae Ouk ; Shin Hyun Sung ; Kim Gwang Po ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 3, 1986, Pages 165~165
Accumulation of Pseudomonas sp., P. fluorescens and Erwinia carotovora in 60 min treatment was greater in extracts from soil, exudate from ginseng root and solutions than distilled water. In bacterial movement toward rubber tube soil from chamber, accumulation of P. fluorescens in response to soil supplemented with soil extracts, exudate and solutions was generally greater in soil extracts compared to control and other solutions, but Pseudomonas sp. and E. carotovora were not much response to supplemented extracts, exudate and solutions. Accumulation of the bacteria in capillaries containing various exudates from fungal propagules with not attracted to the exudates. For an accumulation of bacteria in rubber tubes containing soil inoculated with fungal propagules, the Pseudomonas sp. was not attracted in soil inoculated by the organisms as attractant but P. fluorescens and E. carotovora to fungi were attracted to F. solani, F. oxysporum and mixed organism Alternaria panax did not affect on bacterial movement except E. carotovora. The organic matter conten in Kangwha and Kimpo soil were low in diseased and healthy soil. The K content was especially high in Kimpo healthy soil. Bacterial population in Goesan and Kangwha were more abundant than other soil. The number actinomycetes was populated abundant in healthy soil of Goesan and diseased soil of Poonggi.
Identification of Canker-Causing Fungi Associated with Stems and Twigs of Chestnut Tree
Sung Jae Mo ; Han Sang Sup ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 3, 1986, Pages 174~174
Eleven fungi were isolated from the cankered stems, branchs and twigs of chestmut trees collected from Chuncheon, Gapyung, Wonseong, Inje and Kanghwa during 1985-1986. Among them, Botryosphaeria dothide (Moug. ex Fries) Ces. et. de Notaris, Cryptodiaporthe castanea (Tulasne) Wehmeyer, Endothia singularis Sheaet Stevens, E. parasitica (Murrill) P. J. et H. W. Anderson and Pseudovasella modonia (Tulasne) Kobayas were identified as perithecial stage. Dathiorella castaneae Camara et Vasconcelos, Fusicoccum castaneun Saccardo, Catinula japanica st. nov., Endothiella singularis (H. et. P. Syd.) Shear et Stev. nom. seminud, E. parasitica And., nom. seminud., and Coryneum castaneae (Sacc.) comb. novo were identified as conidial stage Botryosphaeria dothidea causing canker or diebark but and Endothia parasitica causing Endothia canker were already reported in Korea. The other fungi are first reported in Korea.
Histopathology of Red Pepper Plant Infected with Colletotrichum dematium f. sp. capsicum
Lee Sang Bum ; Chung Bong Koo ; Shim Jae Sup ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 3, 1986, Pages 185~185
Upon germination, a conidium was septated in accordance with number of germ tubes. The percentages of ppressorial formation were not different between the resistant cultivars (Kumchang NO. 2 and Hongilpum) and the susceptible cultivars (Haneulcho and Saegochu). Appressorial form was various such as round, elliptic or star-shapped. The maximum number of appressoria was shown at 12 hours after inoculation. By 24 hours fter inoculation, hypersensitive tiny brown lesions were observed on the leaves and fruits of the resistant cultivars. Epidermal cells under cuticle layer of the resistant Kumchang NO. 2 fruit showed severe plasmolysis, while on the susceptible cultivars, the lession was largely extended to following incubation. Subcuticular infection hyphae were profusely colonized in the disintegrated tissues. Acervuli and setae on the stromatic structure ere formed at 96 hours. The infected seed coat was not only severely collapsed, but also infection hyphae were observed on the disintegrated seed coat, resulting severe plasmolysis of nucellus and embryo.
Incidence and Control of Bottom Rot of Chinese Cabbage Caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn
Kang Soo Woong ; Kim Hee Kyu ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 3, 1986, Pages 193~193
Bottom rot of Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis Rupr) hitherto undescribed in Korea is caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn. Development of bottom rot in fall crops was observed and the efficiencies of fungiciial control in naturally infested field in Southern region were studied. Bottom rot symptom started to develop 20 days after transplanting 20 day old seedlings, which corresponded to the middle growing stage. At the reading stage, the infection rate increased substantially, which progressed upto an average of
at harvesting time. The overall infection rate was about
in Chinese cabbage field under plastic film house cultivation. However, disease intensity of fall crops was less severe than that of crops in plastic film house. where plants infested earlier, stunted and their growth was extremely poor. Optimum temperature for mycelial growth of bottom rot isolates of R. solani was
on potato-sucrose agar. This fungus was highly pathogenic on seedlings of Chinese cabbage, radish, sesame and rape resulting in high percentage of damping-off. For other crops, such as lettuce, tomato the cucumber, the germination was delayed for 2-3 days and the percentage damping-off was lower. Anastomosis group of this fungus was idenlfied as AG II-I. Soil drenching of fungicide pencycr WP., three applications at 10 day interval, was effective; indicating the most promising one with control value
A Mechanism of Density-Dependent Population Change in Heterodera glycines
Kim Young Ho ; Riggs Robert D. ; Kim Kyung Soo ;
Research in Plant Disease, volume 2, issue 3, 1986, Pages 199~199
Penetration level, female development and histological changes in infected root tissues were investigated following inoculation with different inoculum levels (110,440 and 1760 juveniles/plant) of Heterodera glycines (SCN) race 3 on susceptible ''Lee'' and resistant ''Pickett'' soybean cultivars. Penetration level was lower in Pickett at the higher inoculum levels but no differences were detected in Lee. However, the lower penetration level in the resistant soybean cultivar appeared not to be directly related to plant resistance (female maturation). The number of females recovered from Lee was lower at the highest inoculum level. The number of females maturing on Pickett was much less than that on Lee, showing that changes of SCN population is associated with the number of SCN maturing rather than nematode penetration. In Lee mono-infection sites (a single nematode per site) syncytia had dense cytoplasm and no central vacuoles. while multi-infected sites (many overlapping nematodes per site) had syncytia with a large central vacuole and many small vacuoles. Resistant responses in mono-and multi-infected root tissues of Pickett were delayed and rapid necrosis, respectively. The differences in tissue response are suggested as a mechanism that controls density-dependent population changes in resistant and/or susceptible soybean cultivars.