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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Research in Plant Disease
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Plant Pathology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Aug 2001
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
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Occurrence of Root-knot Nematodes on Fruit Vegetables Under Greenhouse Conditions in Korea
Research in Plant Disease, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 69~79
Meloidogyne arenaria race 2 (59%) is widely distributed, followed by M. incognita race 1 (23%), and an unknown race of M. incognita (18 ％) in greenhouses in southern Korea. The key character to distinguish between M. arenaria and M. incognita is excretory pore in female head. When oriental melon, Cucumis melo L., grafted on Shintozoa (Cucurbit maxima x Cu. moschata) is transplanted in February in a plastic tunnel inside a greenhouse infested with M. arenaria, nematodes produced egg masses on roots at 40 days after transplanting and the soil juveniles (J2) population reach maximum in July to 3,817/100 ㎤. Juveniles are distributed relatively uniform over the 180-cm-wide row horizontally and the highest density occurs at 0-25 cm soil depth. For
Occurence of Viruses in Lilies (Lilium spp.) in Highland Areas and Their Detection by One-step RT-PCR
Research in Plant Disease, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 80~85
Breakdown of Resistance of Rice Cultivars by New Race KI-1117a and Race Distribution of Rice Blast Fungus During 1999~2000 in Korea
Research in Plant Disease, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 86~92
This experiment was carried out to analyze the recent epidemic of rice blast in southern provinces of Korea in 1999 and 2000. Incidences of leaf blast and panicle blast in these years were 1.5 and 2.9 times greater than those in 1998, respectively. Cultivation areas of rice cultivars, Daesan, Ilmi and Dongan bred from Milyang 95 as a recurrent parent increased over the country from 11% in 1998 to 38.4% in 2000, which were grown in more than 85% of total paddy fields in Jeonnam province. Predominant race populations of Pyricularia grisea in the farmers' fields had been changed from KJ-301 to KI-1117 in 1999 and KI-1113 and KJ-105 in 2000. Distribution ratio of the KI-1117 race in 1998 in the southern provinces was 1.7%, but increased to 30% in 1999. Although the cultivars Daesan, Ilmi and Dongan have shown wide spectrum of resistance to many races including KJ-301, they were susceptible to such races as KI-1117, KI-1113 and, KJ-105. These three races could be further classified into two sub-races, KI-1117 and KI-1117a, KI-1113 and Kl-1113a, and KJ-105 and KJ-105a based on virulence to Daesan. The newly classfied races, Kl-1113a, Kl-1117a, and KJ-l05a were also pathogenic to Ilmi and Dongan. This indicates that rice blast epidemic in southern provinces in 1999 and 2000 resulted from the breakdown of the resistance of Daesan, Ilmi and Dongan by the rapid increase of virulent races KI-1117, KI-1113, KJ-105 and their new sub-races.
Occurrence of Fusarium Wilt on Cruciferous Vegetable Crops and Pathogenic Differentiation of the Causal Fungus
Research in Plant Disease, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 93~101
Occurrence of Fusarium wilt was surveyed in fields of cruciferous vegetable crops in Korea from 1996 to 1998. The disease severely occurred up to 40% in fields of Chinese cabbage and radish but slightly in Fields of cabbage. A total of 123 isolates was obtained from roots of the diseased plants and identified as Fusarium oxysporum based on the morphological and cultural characteristics. Pathogenicity of nine isolates selected from the isolates was tested by artificial inoculation to the hosts. All the isolates had similar virulence on Chinese cabbage and cabbage, although there were some differences in virulence on cultivars tested among the isolates. The isolates from radish were more virulent to radish than those from Chinese cabbage and cabbage. All isolates from the crucifers were not virulent to eight species of vegetable crops except the crucifers. The results of pathogenicity tests showed that the pathotype of Chinese cabbage-infecting isolates was identical to that of cabbage-infecting isolates, but somewhat different from that of radish-infecting isolates.
Incidence of Rice False Smut Caused by Ustilaginoidea virens in Different Geographic Regions and Cultivars, and Its Chemical Control
Research in Plant Disease, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 102~106
Currently the rice false smut caused by Ustilaginoidea virens (Cooke) Takah. has occurred widely in Korea. A survey on the disease incidence at rice fields in 8 inland provinces was carried out in 2000, showing that the disease occurred at 104 (7.5%) out of 1,152 rice fields examined, ranging from 1.5% to 13.7% in provincial average. It was found that the disease incidence was greatly affected by local weather conditions and rice cultivars. In case of the most susceptible cultivar Namchunbyeo, the disease incidence was only about 1.3% in Icheon, while it was over 20% in Namwon which had weather conditions of the shorter sunshine period (about 64%) and the higher amount of precipitation (about 130%) during the rice cultivation than Icheon. In Icheon, artificial inoculation of the pathogen failed to induce the disease, probably because of the weather conditions unfavorable to the disease development, which also suggests that its incidence may be dependent on the weather conditions. Susceptibility of rice cultivars to the disease varied greatly; eight resistant cultivars including Heukjinjubyeo were not damaged by the disease, but 2 cultivars including Geumnambyeo and Namchunbyeo were severely damaged, having more than 20% of the disease incidence. Among chemicals tested fur the control of the rice false smut tebuconazole WP showed the highest control efficacy of 83∼88% on cvs. Geumnambyeo and Namchunbyeo. Other chemicals such as azoxystrobin WP and ferimzone WP also effectively suppressed the disease development in the field trials.
Effect of Cultural Practices on the Occurrence of Pod and Stem Blight and Purple Blotch, and on Soybean Growth
Research in Plant Disease, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 107~111
Deterioration of pod and seed quality by pod and stem blight and purple blotch is a serious problem in the production of vegetable soybean. Major inoculum sources for the causal pathogens, Phomopsis spp. and Cercospora kikuchii, are soybean straw and debris. Phomopsis spp. have been known to be either limited for hyphal growth or latent in immature soybean tissues. In this experiment, cultural practices using these ecological traits of the pathogens were applied as a control measure. In plastic mulching, seed infection was remark ably reduced by drip irrigation as compared to overhead sprinkling, but not reduced in no mulching cultivation. Control value of plastic mulching was 28.0% for pod and stem blight and 29.3% for purple blotch, which was lower than that of benomyl application. By the first week in June, 78% of overwintered soybean straw examined contained matured alpha spores in pycnidia, acting as primary inoculum. Secondary inoculum of phomopsix spp. was observed abundantly throughout from mid June to September on fallen cotyledons from current crops and subsequently was found on petiole debris. Consequently, both plastic mulching and drip irrigation were effective to some extent for controlling pod and stem blight and purple blotch without significant reduction in soybean yield, and the cultural practices in combination with field sanitation resulted in removing more the secondary inoculum.
Occurrence of Blossom Blight of Petunia Caused by Choanephora cucurbitarum in korea
Research in Plant Disease, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 112~115
Blossom blight of petunia caused by Choanephora cucurbitarum was found in greenhouses around Jinju area, Gyeongnam province, Korea in April 2001. The disease started with water-soaked lesions on the flower which rapidly withered and was rotten. Calyces developed water-soaked, dark-green lesions, and then were rotten. Whitish mycelia and monosporous sporangiola were produced on the lesions. The fungus isolated from the lesions produced white to pale yellowish brown mycelia with scattered monosporous sporangiola on potato-dextrose agar (PDA) plates. Size of sporangium was 37.2~135.8 um. Monosporous sporangiola were elliptic, fusiform or ovoid, and brown in color and their size was 10.4~22.4
7.4~12.9 um. Sporangiospores were elliptic, fusiform or ovoid in shape, dark brown or brown in color and were 13.7~23.5
8.7~13.8 um in size, and had appendaged appressorium of 3 or more. Zygospores were black, and 40.8~61.5 um in size. The fungus grew on PDA at 15-4
, and optimum temperature was 3
. This is the first report on the blossom blight of petunia caused by C. cucurbitarum in Korea.
Occurrence of Potato Witches' Broom Caused by a Phytoplasma in Korea
Research in Plant Disease, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 116~119
Witches' broom symptoms were firstly found on tubers of Solanum tuberosum cv, Deijima, showing dense growth of spindly sprouts in Cheju province, Korea. Plantlets from the diseased plants also produced the typical witches' broom symptoms, having densely-growing small leaves when they became adult plants. At the later stages the diseased leaves were blightened. Presence of phytoplasma in plant tissues was confirmed by DAPI-staining fluorescence microscopy and electron microscopy, exhibiting its localization in sieve tubes of stem, petiole, and midrib. This is the first report of potato witches' broom in Korea.
Powdery Mildew on Broad Bean (Vicia faba) Caused by Oidium sp. in Korea
Research in Plant Disease, volume 7, issue 2, 2001, Pages 120~122
The powdery mildew of broad bean (Vicia faba) extensively occurred in farmers' fields in Changseon-myon, Namhae-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea in 2001. Both sides of the leaves and stems were covered with white fungal spores and mycelia, and then the leaves and stems colored brown and dark brown and eventually died. Conidia and conidiophores were formed on the lesion. Conidia were cylindric, 29~45
13~23 um (av, 36~18 um) in size and born singly on the conidiophore. Fibrosin bodies were not observed. Conidiophores were straight with 3-4 cylindric cells and 51~100
6~10 um (av.70
8 um) in size. Foot cell was 28~53
7~10 um (av,39
8 um) in size. Appressorium was a lobed type. Cleistothecia were not formed. This is the first report on powdery mildew of broad bean caused by Oidium sp. in Korea.