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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Life Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Life Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Absorption Characteristics of Korean Yam Powder by Different Drying Methods
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 229~235
The absorption characteristics of Korean yam powder according to different drying methods were investigated. The physical properties of yam powder by different drying methods were showed the biggest porosity in freeze drying sample, while the smallest in hot air drying sample. No difference was founded in proximate compositions of yam powder by various drying methods. The amount of total phenolic compound and Vit C were showed the bigger decrement in freeze dried sample than other drying methods. The time reaching to equilibrium moisture content were determined in 12 days. Monolayer moisture contents were predicted to 0.0508∼0.0588 by BET equation and 0.0705∼0.0811 g H2O/g solid by GAB equation. BET equation for isothermal absorption curve showed over 0.95 R-square for every drying methods. GAB equation showed over 0.99 in vacuum and freeze drying but a poor R-square in hot air drying.
Antioxidant Activity of Extract from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 236~240
The purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of the water extract from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. using linoleic acid as lipids. The extract exhibited antioxidative effect at all concentrations tested. With metal ion(Fe3+) present, the extract showed strong antioxidative effect. These result indicated that the extract can be used for antioxidative agents in oriental medicine.
Antioxidant Activity of Water-Extract from Coptis chinensis Franch
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 241~246
This study was carried out to investigate the antioxidant activity of the water extract from Coptis chinensis Franch. Coptis chinensis Franch. exhibited antioxidative activity at all concentration tested. The extract was as good as antioxidative action of the synthetic antioxidant, butylated hydroxytoluene and ascorbic acid; Also, the one was superior to that of natural antioxidant,
-tocopherol. With heavy metal ions (Fe3+, Zn2+) present, Coptis chinensis Franch. showed strong antioxidative effect.
The effect of acute toxicity of marine toxicants on early life of coastal olive flounder
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 247~253
The effects of acute of marine toxicants on early life of coastal olive flounder were investigated. An increasing order of acute toxicity on embryo- and larva-stages of Paralichtys olivaceus was CdCl2
/L and 29
/L, respectively, and those values at larva-stage were estimated 3.5 ng/L, 16.0 nL/L, 10.5
/L and 15.0
The Effects of Vitamin E and C on Serum Cholesterol and Antioxidative enzyme in ovariectomized rat
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 254~261
In order to observe the bioactivity of ovariectomized rats, ovariectomized group (Ovx), nonovariectomized group (Sham), ovariectomized Vitamin C-treat group (Ovx+Vit C), ovariectomized Vitamin E-treat group (Ovx+Vit E) and ovariectomized Vitamin C+Vitamin E-treat group(Ovx+Vit C+E) were made. Lipidperoxides of liver and kidney, serum total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol were investigate as follows. Lipidperoxides of liver and kidney in Ovx group were 1.78 times and 1.61 times increased compared to Sham group respectively. But, they were significantly decreased in Ovx+Vit C group, Ovx+Vit E group, Ovx+Vit C+E group compared to Ovx group. Serum total cholesterol in Ovx group was increased 2.57 times compared to Sham group. Injections of each substance such as ascorbate, tocopherol, mixture (C+E) make data of Cholesterol become low. When especially Vit C is injected, the data of cholesterol lowed by about 94%. Serum HDL-cholesterol in Ovx group decreased 36.7% compared to Sham group. And as the result of the measurement of SOD, Catalase, and GPx which are antioxidant enzyme, SOD and Catalase activities in Ovx group much higher than in Sham group. Based on the results, it is supposed that more produced free radicals increased antioxidant enzyme. And it is also thought that vitamin can inhibit aging by reducing antioxidant enzyme.
Serological Distribution and Properties of Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia coli from Patients with Diarrhea
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 262~272
As a part of investigation for basic epidemiology of diarrheogenic disease, we attempted isolation of Escherichia coli from patients with diarrhea. Seven hundred and twenty-one strains of E. coli were isolated from 1,239 patients with diarrhea. Seasonal distribution of patient with diarrhea was shown the most high at August (18.2%). Age group distribution of patient was shown the most high at children (54.6%, 2 to 10 years old). The serotypes of 721 E. coli isolates were in order of serotype O44 (16.8%), O153 (8.6%), O1 (7.5%), O166(5.7%), O8 and O86a (4.7%), and O125 (4.6%). The supernates cultured 36 strains among 721 E. coli isolates were indicated cytotoxicity against monolayered Vero cells. All of the isolates were susceptible to amikacin. The isolates were resistant in order of novobiocin (99.0%), moxalactam (97.1%), carbenicillin (96.1%), tetracycline (90.4%), ampicillin (85.9%), gentamicin (84.0%), streptomycin (78.4%), cephalothin (46.6%) and polymyxin B (4.2%). In the antibiotic resistant patterns, 125 kinds of multiple resistance patterns of E. coli isolates were detected. The highest resistant pattern was ampicillin-carbenicillin-chloramphenicol-cephalothin-erythro-mycin- gentamicin-moxalactam-novobiocin-penicillin G-streptomycin-tobramycin-tetracycline-tri methoprim type (24.3%).
Chemical Compositions and Antioxidative Activity of Leek (Allium tuberusum) Seeds
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 273~278
The chemical compositions as amino acids, minerals, fatty acids, and total polyphenolic compounds of the seeds of leek (Allium tuberusum) were analyzed. The antioxidative activity of water soluble extract from leek seeds was also tested in DPPH (
-picrylhydrazyl) method. The chemical compositions of leek seeds were moisture 4.4%, curde protein 25.7%, crude fat 16.6%, and crude ash 2.9%. Major amino acid compositions were proline 11 g, glutamic acid 4.9 g, arginine 2.1g, aspartic acid 1.6g, leucine 1.3g, valine 1.2 g, and methionine 1.1 g as per 100g. Mineral contents were K 215 ppm, Ca 142 ppm, Fe 124 ppm, and Mg 100 ppm. Major fatty acid compositions were linoleic acid 71.9%, oleic acid 12.7%, palmitic acid 8.6%, and stearic acid 1.4%. The changes of contents in polyphenolic compound from leek seeds caused by heat treatment were also listed in the following order;
(462 mg/100g), and
(551 mg/100g). Antioxidative activity as electron donating ability showed in the following order; 0.05% BHT(butylated hydroxytoluene)(45.6%)>0.05% water-extract(31.3%)>0.1% water extract(30.3%). On the basis of chemical analysis, the leek seedsshowed to have relatively high contents of nutrients as amino acids, minerals, fatty acids.
Study on the structure of cAMP receptor protein(CRP) by temperature change
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 279~285
CRP (cyclic AMP receptor protein) regulate transcription of catabolite-sensitive genes in Escherichia coli. Wild-type and mutant CRP (S83G and S128A) proteins were used to measure the thermal stability and the temperature-dependent structural change by proteolytic digestion, UV spectrophotometer and CD spectrapolarimeter. The result indicated that wild-type CRP was more thermally stable than the mutant CRPs in the presence of cAMP. At a low temperature, wild-type CRP with cAMP was more sensitive to subtilisin than the mutant CRPs. At a high temperature, there was no difference of sensitivity to subtilisin among wild-type, S83G and S128A CRPs. CD spectra suggested that the secondary structure of CRP was destroyed partially at a high temperature.
Effects of Dietary Yellow Loess on Serum Constituents in Korean Rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 286~291
This study was performed to define the effects of various levels (0∼15%) of dietary yellow loess on serum constituents in Korean rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli). After seven weeks of feeding trial, hemoglobin, protein, albumin, triglyceride, cholesterol and bilirubin in serum were investigated. Chemical composition of yellow loess were composed of SiO2 49.80%, Al2O3 27.50%, FeO3 8.33%, CaO 0.09%, MgO 0.64%, K2O 1.62%, Na2O 0.12%, P2O5 0.20% and MnO 0.03%. Serum levels of total protein and albumin showed higher values the yellow loess addition groups than the control group, and the values of protein and albumin were increased with dietary yellow loess level. Serum levels of triglyceride and cholesterol in the groups fed yellow loess were lower than those in the group fed control diet. And these values decreased with dietary yellow loess level up 10%, then increased with 15% yellow loess diet. The values of bilirubin in serum significantly decreased with dietary yellow loess level up 10%, then increased with 15% yellow loess diet. Hemoglobin level from rockfish fed 7.5% and 10% yellow loess diet were significantly higher than those from fed the control diet.
Effects of Dimethyl-
-propiothetin (DMPT) on Chemical Components of Korean Rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 292~299
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different dietary dimethy-β -propiothetin (DMPT) levels on growth and body composition in Korean rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli) after a eight weeks feeding experiment. Body weight gain, feed efficiency and feed intake were significantly increased with dietary DMPT level. After eight weeks of feeding trial, moisture content decreased with supplemented DMPT level, while crude protein and lipid contents increased with dietary DMPT level. Amino acid content was elevated DMPT feeding groups compared to the control group. Amino acid composition was not significantly different in the dietary groups. Fatty acid content increased with dietary DMPT level.
Characterization of Crude Oil Degradation by Klebsiella sp. KCL-2 Isolated from Sea Water
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 300~306
Several bacterial strains utilizing crude oil as their sole carbon and energy source were isolated from polluted marine by crude oil. One of the strains, named KCL-2 showed strong degradation activity for crude oil. This strain was identified as a Klebsiella sp. based on the morphological, biochemical, and physiological characteristics. The optimum cultural conditions were as follows;
for temperature and 7.0 for initial pH. Additionally, the optimal concentration of sodium chloride was 3.0%, confirming indicating that this strain was derived from sea water.The strain KCL-2 could use several kinds of n-alkane hydrocarbones from octadecane to octacosane as a sole carbon source. The emulsifying activity by KCL-2 was the highest after 3 days of cultivation under the condition of 3.0% sodium chloride, pH 7.0 and 32
. This strain had several criptic plasmids.
Biochemical characterization of a novel extracellular pullulan 6-glucanohydrolase from Bacillus circulans S-1
Lee, Moon-Jo ; Park, Cheon ; Park, Joon-Ho ; Chung, Kang-Hyun ; Nam, Kyung-Soo ; Park, Jin-Woo ; Kim, Cheorl-Ho ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 3, 2000, Pages 307~316
Bacillus circulans S-1 extracellular pullulan 6-glucanohydrolase (EP) (EC 220.127.116.11) has been characterized with a purified enzyme of 140 kDa. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified enzyme was P-L-N-M-S-Q-P. The enzyme displayed a temperature optimum of around
and a pH optimum of around pH 9.0. The enzyme was stable to incubation from pH 4.0 to pH 11.0 at
for 48h. The presence of substrate allowed the protection of the enzyme from heat inactivation. The activity of the enzyme was stimulated by several metal ions such as Mn2+ and Ca2+. The enzyme had an apparent Km of 7.92 mg/ml for pullulan. The purfied enzyme completely hydrolysed pullulan to maltotriose.