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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Life Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Life Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Combining Ability and Genetic Analysis of Boll Characters in Cotton(G. Hirsulum L)
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 317~325
A six parent dialled analysis was conducted to get basic information for improving yield of upland cotton. Heterosis, combining ability, genetic components and correlation coefficients for boll length, boll width, boll weight, 100 seed weight, lint weigth per boll and lint percentage were studied. Estimates of heterosis for all characters and heterobeltiosis for boll weight and lint weight per boll showed positive values. In general combining ability effect, 'Muan' and 'Imsung' showed highely positive effect in all characters. In specific combining ability effect, the combinations of 'Seungju
Imsung' for bll length, 'Cheju
Imsung' for boll width, 'Cheju
Imsung' for boll weight, 'Cheju
Imsung' for 100 seed weight, 'Soonchun
Muan' for lint weight per boll and 'Soonchun
Muan' for lint percentage showed highly positive effect. Partial dominance was observed for boll length, boll weight, 100 seed weight and lint weight per boll, complete dominance for boll width and overdominance for lint percentage. The number of effective gene group was estimated as one for all characters. The estimates of narrow and broad sense heritabilities were high for all characters except as one for all characters. The estimates of narrow and broad sense heritabilities were high for all characters except lint percentage. Correlation coefficients among the boll length, boll width, boll weight, 100 seed weight and lint weight per boll were positive, whereas lint percentage was negatively correlated with other characters.
Quality Characteristics of Pork Patties Prepared with Mugwort, Pine Needle and Fatsia Leaf Extracts
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 326~332
In order to investigate the possibility of functional property improvement of meat products, four kinds of pork patties were prepared with water 10% as control, mugwort extract 10%, pine needle extract 10% and fatsia leaf extract 10%, respectively. In case of control moisture content was higher, but crude fat was lower, compared to patties treated with plant extracts. Crude ash content of pine needle extract treatment showed higher level than that of other patties. pH range of patties revealed to 5.92∼5.978. In raw patties Hunter's L-and a-value of control were higher than those of plant extract treatment, and a-value of raw patties showed higher level than that of cooked. Yield, water holding capacity, salt soluble protein extractability and gel strength among patties did not show significant differences. In control patty, fat retention was lower compared to other plant extract treatments, but water soluble protein extractability was higher compared to pine needle. Values such as hardness, springiness, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness were not significantly different among the patties. In sensory scores such as aroma, juiciness and palatability, significant differences were not observed among cooked patties, but texture score was higher in the order pine needle, mugwort, fatsia leaf and control.
Isolation and Characterization of Citrobacter sp. Mutants Defective in Decolorization of Crystal Violet
Kim, Ji-Yoon ; Kim, Kyung-Woon ; Park, Yong-Lark ; Cho, Young-Su ; Lee, Young-Choon ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 333~339
To identify genes involved in the decolorization of crystal violet, we isolated random mutants generated by transponson insertion in crystal violet-declorizing bacterium, Citrobacter sp. The resulting mutant bank yielded mutants with six distinct phenotypes, and Southern hybridization with a Tn5 fragment as a probe showed a single hybridized with six distinct phenotypes, and Southern hybridization with a Tn5 fragment as a probe showed a single hybridized band in the mutants Ctg 2, 5 an 6, whereas two and three bands were detected in Ctg1, 4 and 3, respectively. Tn5-inserted genes were isolated and the DNA sequence flanking Tn5 was determined. From comparison with a sequence database, putative protein product encoded by ctg 5 was identified as E. coli maltose transproter(Mal G) homolog, whereas the deduced amino acid sequence of the other ctg genes did not show any significant similarity with any DNA or protein sequency. Therefore, these results indicate that the other ctg genes except ctg 5 encode new proteins responsible for decolorization of crystal violet.
Effects of Silk Fibroin on Oxygen radicals and Their Scavenger Enzymes in Brain of SD Rats
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 340~346
This study was designed to investigate the effects of silk fibroin(Mw 500) powder (SFP) on oxygen radicals and the scavenger enzymes in brain membranes of rats. Spragu-Dawley(SD) male rats(160
10g) were fed basic diet(control group), and experimental diets(SFP-2.5 and SFP-5.0 groups) added 2.5 and 5.0g/kg BW/day for 6 weeks. Hydroxyl radical(
OH) levels resulted in a decreases(6.6% and 9.7%, 2.8% and 11.9%, respectively) in brain mitochondria and microsomes of SFP-2.5 and SFP-5.0 groups compared with control group, but were significantly decreased in these membrances of SFP-5.0 group only. Superoxide radical (O2) levels were a slightly decreased (2.0% and 9.1%, respectively) in brain cytosol of SFP-2.5 and SFP-5.0 groups compared with control group. Lipid peroxide(LPO) levels were significantly decreased (12.9% and 21.9%, 13.2% and 22.5%, respectively) in brain mitochondria and microsomes of SFP-2.5 and SFP-5.0 groups compared with control group. Oxidized protein (OP) levels were significantly decreased (16.7% and 15.7%, respectively) in brain microsomes of SFP-2.5 and SFP-5.0 group compared with control group, but significantly difference between in brain mitochondria of these two groups could not be obtained. Mn-SOD activities were remarkably increased (11.2% and 24.2%, respectively) in mitochodria of SFP-2.5 and SFP-5.0 groups. CuZn-SOD activities were effectively increased (7.7% and 19.6%, respectively) in brain cytosol of SFP-2.5 and SFP-5.0 groups, but significant difference between control and SFP-2.5 groups could be not obtained. GSHPx activities were considerably increased (5.3% and 11.7%, respectively) in brain cytosol of SFP-2.0 and SFP-5.0 groups compared with control group. There results suggest that anti-aging effect of silk fibroin may play an effective learning and memory role in a attenuating a oxidative stress and increasing a scavenger enzyme activity in brain membranes.
Effects of Silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) Powder on Oxygen Radicals and Their Scavenger Enzymes in Liver of SD Rats
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 347~353
This study was designed to investigate the effects of silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) powder (SWP) on oxygen radicals and their scavenger enzymes in liver membranes of rats. Sprague-Dawley(SD) male rats(160
10g) were fed basic diet (control group), and experimental diets(SWP-200 and SWP-400 groups) added 200 and 400 mg/kg BW/day for 6 weeks. Hydroxyl radical (.OH) levels resulted in a consistent decreases (4.0% and 7.2%, 5.0% and 14.1%, respectively) in liver mitochondria and microsomes of SWP-200 SWP-400 groups compared with control group, and O2 radical level was significantly decreased about 12% in liver cytosol of SWP-400 group compared with control group. Lipid peroxide(LPO) levels were significantly decreased (14.4% and 9.1%, respectively) in liver mitochondria and microsomes of SWP-400 group only compared with control group. Oxidized protein (OP) levels were remarkably decreased about 12.7% and 16.3% in liver microsomes only of SWP-200 and SWP-400 groups, but significant difference between liver mitochondria could not obtained. Mn-SOD activities were remarkably increased (15.8% and 25.2%, respectively) in mitochondria of SWP-200 and SWP-400 groups, but significant difference between Cu, Zn-SOD activities in these group could be not obtained. GSHPx activity was significantly increased in liver cytosol of SWP-400 group compared with control group. These results suggest that silkworm powder may play an effective role in a attenuating a oxidative stress and increasing a scavenger enzyme activity in liver membranes.
Effects of Mulberry(Morus alba L.) Leaf Extract on Oxidative Stress and Membrane Fluidity in Brain of SD Rats
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 354~361
The effect of mulberry (Morus alba L.) leaf extract(MLE) on oxidative stress and membrane fluidity in brain membranes of SD rats fed with 100 and 300 mg/kg BW/day were carried out for 6 weeks. Cholesterol accumulations resulted in a consistent decreases (4.6% and 5.6%, respectively) in brain mitochondria and microsomes of MLE-300 group compared with control group. Membrane fluidities were dose-dependently increased (2.2% and 5.1%, 5.0% and 15.2%) in brain mitochondria and microsomes of MLE-100 and MLE-300 groups compared with control group. Basal oxygen radicals(BORs) in brain mitochondria and microsomes were significantly inhibited (15.7% and 25.1%, 9.0% and 12.4%, respectively) by MLE-100 and MLE-300 groups compared with control group. Induced oxygen radicals(IORs) in brain mitochondria and microsomes were significantly inhibited (8.9% and 13.1%, 16.5% and 23.2%, respectively) by MLE-100 and MLE-300 groups compared with control group. Lipid peroxide (LPO) levels were significantly decreased (8.5% and 18.1%, 7.6% and 12.3%) in brain mitochondria and microsomes of MLE-100 and MLE-300 groups compared with control group. Oxidized protein (OP) levels were dose-dependently decreased (4.3% and 14.2%, 10.0% and 10.9%, respectively) in brain microsomes of MLE-100 and MLE-300 groups compared with control group. These results suggest that MLE may play an effective role in an attenuating an oxidative stress and increasing a membrane fluidity in brain membranes.
Effects of Opuntia ficus-indica extract on immune cell activation
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 362~364
Opuntia ficus-indca(Op) extract has been claimed to have several therapeutic properties in oriental medicine including anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatoid arthritis effects. Little is known of its effect on the activation of immune cells such as T cells and macrophages. To evaluate the functional effect of Op extract on immune cells, we examined whether Op extract stimulates the proliferation of T cells and the secretion of cytokines including IL-1 beta, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in THP-1 cell lines by RT-PCR. Op extract significantly enhanced the proliferation of T cell clone(D10S). Transcription of cytokines including IL-1 beta, IL-6, and TNF-alpha peaked 6 hrs after exposure to Op extract(100g/ml) in the THP-1 cell line and declined and declined thereafter. In an experiment to test the dose dependency of transcription of cytokines, transcription increased at a dose of 10 g/ml and the maximum expression was obtained at 100 g/ml, 6 hrs after exposure to Op extract. These findings suggest that Op extract is a potent stimulant of immune cells including T cells and macrophages, which acts by stimulating T cell proliferation and upregulating cytokines. These phenomena imply that some edible plants may be beneficial to living animals through the activation of immune functions.
An Effective Method for the Concentration and Detection of Enteroviruses from Water Samples by Combined Cell Culture-Polymerase Chain Reaction
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 368~373
Enteroviruses in the environment pose a public health risk because they can be transmitted via the fecal-oral route through contaminated water, and low numbers are able to initiate an infection in humans. Because the levels of viruses typically found in environmental water and drinking water are low, they must be concentrated from hundreds to thousands of liters of water. Therefore, the main goal of this study was the development of a rapid, simple and efficient procedure to concentrate, isolate and detect enteroviruses from environmental water samples. Viruses were first concentrated by adsorption to 1 MDS cartridge filter and then eluted with approximately 0.5 liter of 1.5% beef extract/0.05M glycin(pH 9.4). In this study, several procedures to concentrate and purify intact viruses from beef extract obtained from the adsorbent filters were tested. Among them, organic floccuration was the best reliable method for reconcentration. sample volume could be reduced to 200∼400 folds and the efficiency of virus recovery through the procedure was over 72%. Finally, the samples were filtered through a membrane disk filter and then analyzed by either the plaque assay or combined cell culture-polymerase chain reaction.
Agonistic Activities to the Benzodiazepine Receptor by Extracts of Medicinal Plants(III) Activities of Composite Druge and Component Fractions
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 374~379
This study was attempted to evaluate an agonistic activity to benzodiazepine receptor of several medicinal pants, which have been used as sedatives in oriental medicine. The activities of the methanol extracts of composite preparation of oriental drugs were compared with those of the simple drugs, furthermore, the active fraction was found out from the simple preparation. Inhibitory effects of composite preparations, Cyperus rotundus/Acorus gramineus, Thuja orientalis/Euphoria longan, Thuja orientalis/Albizzia julibrissin, on the binding of
Ro15-1788, a selective benszodiazepine receptor antagonist to benzodiazepine receptor of rat cortices, were observed to be lower than those of corresponding simple preparations. These unexpected results suggest that some components of the composite druge may rather act as an obstacle, not to show the sinergistic effect. The methanol extracts of Cyperus rotundus having the highest activity were fractionated using polar and nonpolar solvents to give ethylacetate and hexane fractions, respectively. The ethylacetate fraction containing relatively polar components exhibited much higher activity than the hexane fraction, which consiste of nonpolar agonist, binding to benzodiazepine receptor. However, in the presence of GABA, this fraction inhibited
flunitrazepan binding, and these positive GABA shift supported the strong possibility of agonistic activity to benzodiazepine receptro. As a result, it may be concluded that the substance or substances with neurochemical properties as a benzodiazepine receptor agonist may contribute to the sedative property of Cyperus rotundus.
Detection of Food Poisoning Toxin Genes Produced by Vibrio sp.
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 380~387
Recently Vibrio sp. are the most frequently isolated microorganism, which causing food poisoning. We investigated the detection of toxin genes and effect of chitosan to toxin genes with PCR. Thirty strains of Vibrio sp. were isolated from sea water and sea products through biological and biochemical tests. Out of 30 strains, 8 were identified as V. parahemolyticus, 7 as V. mimcus, 6 as V. damsela, 5 as V. vulnificus, 4 as V. alginoyticus. In detection of ctx, tdh, and t고 as food poisoning-causing toxin genes, ctx from 7 strains, trh from 4 strains and tdh from 6 strains were detected. Among toxin genes detected strains, we selected V. vulnificus-2 V. damsela-1 and V. parahemolyticus-7. As adding chitosan solution to PCR product of 3 strains, the amplified DNA bands were not detected over 450
concentrantion of chitosan. Over the result, chitosan is thought to influence the detection of toxin gene.
Anti-diabetic effect of Yukmijihwangtang-Jahage in obese Zucker rats
Kim, Cheorl-Ho ; Seo, Eun-Kyung ; Kang, Dong-Hwi ; Seo, Jin-Woo ; Kim, Kyoung-Sook ; Lee, Tae-Kyun ; Lee, Young-Choon ; Nam, Kyung-Soo ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 388~396
The effect of the traditional herbal medicine Yukmijihwangtang-Jahage(YJ) on the improvement of insulin resistance and lipid profile was studied using a model for non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, lean (Fa/-) and obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats. Yukmijihwangtang-Jahage feeding for 4 weeks resulted in a significant decrease in the concentration of plasma triglyceride in both lean and obese Zucker rats. Furthermore, Yukmijihwangtang-Jahage markedly decreased both plasma cholesterol and fasting plasma insulin, and significantly decreased the postprandial glucose level at 30 min during oral glucose tolerance test in obese Zucker rats. Although there was no statistical significance, the crude glucose transporter 4 protein level of Yukmijihwangtang-Jahage dieted obese rats tended to increase when compared to that of obese control rats. Therefore, the present results suggested that Yukmijihwangtang-Jahage may be useful in prevention and improvement of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperinsulinemia states such as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, syndrome X and coronary artery disease.
Characterization of Polyphosphate Kinase Gene in Serratia marcescens
Yang Lark Choi ; Seung Jin Lee ; Ok Ryul Song ; Soo Yeol Chung ; Young Choon Lee ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 397~402
Polyphosphate kinase catalyzes the formation of polyphosphate from ATP. To understand the mechanism of phosphate accumulation, the Serratia marcescens gene encoding ppk was cloned from the genomic library by the method of Southern hybridization. The hybridization positive DNA fragment region from pDH3 was subcloned into the expression vector. The ppk gene product, a polypeptide of 75 kDa, was confirmed by SDS-PAGE. Expression of the Serratia marcescens ppk is regulated by the catabolite repression system. The enzyme activity polyphosphate kinase was increased in the E. coli strain harboring plasmid pMH4 with ppk gene.
Biological Control of Root-Lesion Nematodes(Pratylenchus spp.) by Nematode-Trapping Fungi
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 403~407
For the biological control of the root-lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus spp., which damage directly and indirectly to the leaf perilla, the nematical effect of three nematode-trapping fungi, Arthrobotrys oligospora, A. conoides and A. dactyloides was evaluated in the field. Three species of Arthrobotrys were isolated from the culture soil of leaf perilla in 1998 and were observed the capture of the root-lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus spp. by adhesive hyphal networks or constricting rings on agar. At 40 days after treatment, the plant-parasitic nematodes and root-lesion nematode populations were approximately increased 3.5 fold in untreated control plot, while the nematode population in fungi treatment plots was similar to initial population. In the A. dactyloides plot, however, the population of plant-parasitic nematodes and Pratylenchus spp. was approximately reduced 65% and 53%, respectively. Thus, the fungus A. dachyloides should provide as biological agent for the control of Pratylenchus spp.
Chondrocyte Culture from Epiphyseal Plate and its Morphological Changes in Autologous Implants of Rabbit
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 408~421
We tried to establish the culture method of the chondrocyte isolated from the epiphyseal cartilage and to investigate morphological changes of chondrocyte cultured with enzyme-digested costal cartilage, the perichondrium and experimentally damaged meniscus of rabbit. De novo chondrocyte pellets were prepared from epiphyseal plates by culturing isolated epiphyseal chondrocytes from 4 week. old rabbits. We morphologically assessed the cartilage formation of the chondrocyte culture with enzyme-digested costal carilage, the perichondrial culture, the cultured chondrocytes transplants into experimentally damaged meniscus of rabbits, the perichondrial culture, the cultured chondrocytes transplants into experimentally damaged meniscus of rabbit. In the 24 days, the epiphyseal chondrocytes maintained the typical phenotypes of the partial nodular cell formation. The 30 days cryopreserved chondrocytes showed abnormal and irregular shape. In the type II collagen added culture, the chondrocytes showed expanded rough endoplasmic reticulum and small and large round-like vesicles of processes. In the type IV collagen added culture, the chondrocytes showed large perinuclear vaculoes and abundant well-developed rough endoplasmic reticulum of processes. In the culture with enzyme- digested costal cartilage and the perichondrial culture, the chondrocytes showed a few swelling rough endoplasmic reticulum and vacuoles. The cultured epiphyseal chondrocytes maintained typical phenotype and the chondrocytes were grown faster and maintained more typical phenotype in the type II and IV collagen added culture. The transformed chondrocytes secreted abundant extracellular matrix in the type II collagen added culture, and showed processes in the type IV collagen added culture. The perichondrial chondrocytes were grown faster and their implants were able to transplant. The cultured chondrocytes transplanted into experimentally damaged meniscus were adapted between the meniscus tissues. And the immunocyto-chemical reaction of the type II collagen of the chondrocytes were found to be maintained. The chondrocytes cultured cartilage. The chondrocytes secreted abundantly. The cultured chondrocytes transplanted into experimentally damaged meniscus changed immature cells into enlarged mature cells with extracellular secretion.
Effect of random Shine-Dalarno sequence on the expression of Bovine Growth Hormone Gene in Escherichia coli
Journal of Life Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2000, Pages 422~430
In order to search for the effects of Shine-Dalgarno (SD) sequence and nucleotide sequence of spacer region (SD-ATG) on bGH expression, oligonucleotides containing random SD sequences and a spacer region were chemically synthesized. The distance between SD region and initiation codon (ATG) was fixed to 9 nucleotides in length. The expression vectors have been constructed using pT7-1 vector containing a T7 promoter. Positive clones were screened with colony hybridization and named pT7A or pT7B plasmid series. The selected clones were confirmed by DNA sequencing and finally, 19 clones having various SD combinations were obtained. When bovine growth hormone was induced by IPTG in E. coli BL21(DE3), all cells harboring these plasmids produced a detectable level of bGH in western blot analysis. However, various SD sequences did not affect on bGH expression, indicating that the sequences of SD and the spacer region did not sufficiently destabilize mRNA secondary structure of bGH gene. Therefore, these results indicate that the disruption of mRNA secondary structure might be a major factor for regulating bGH expression in the translational initiation process.