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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Life Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Life Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
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Effect of Simulated Acid Solution on Acid Buffering Capacity, Chlorophyll Content and Nutrient Leaching in the Leaves fo 4 Herb Species
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 197~202
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of simulated acid solution(SAS) on acid buffering capacity, chlorophyll content and butrient leacking in 4 herb species(Petunia hybrida Vilm, Gomphrena globosa L. Celosia cristat L. Salvia officinallis L) . The acid buffering capacity in the leves was increased in the treatment of pH 3.0 in Celosia L., whereas it was increased at pH 4.0 in Petunia Petunia hybrida Vilm. and Gomprean globosa L.. But, the acid buffering capacity of the leaves did not work at ph 2.0 treatment in 4 herb species. With decreasing pH level, the chlorophyll content of Petunia hybrida Vilm. and Gomphrena globosa L. Was markedly decreased than that of Gelosia cristata L. and Savia officinalis L. As the pH levels decreased from 5.6 to 2.0 the nutrient leaching from leaves was significantly increased in 4 herb species. In pH 4.0 and 5.6, the concentrations of nutrient leaching from leaves were higher in Perunia hybrida Vilm. and Gomphrean globosa L. than Gelosia cristata L. and Salvia officinalis L., Based on the results, there was a great differences in response to SAS among the 4 herb species. Im general, Gelosia cristata L. and Salvia officinalis L. represented a higher tolerance to SAS Petunia hybrida Vilm, and Gomphrena globosa L.,
Processing Condition of Corbicula elatior Broth by Hot Water Extraction
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 203~210
To produce the instant marsh calm(Corbicula elatior) soup with abundant taste and flavor. optimum conditions of heating temperature and time for extraction were investigated. Excretion rate in a pre-treatment for excretion of estuary was 82% at 15% salt concentration for 6 hr and 95% at pH 7.5 for 10 hr. The contents of glycogen and amino-nitrogen were the most high levels in the treatments extracted at 9
for 3 hr, at 10
for 1.5 hr and at 11
for 1 hr. The contents of total free amino acids in the extracts treated at 9
were 367.05mg/100g, 472.23 mg/100g and 463.54 mg/100g, respectively and optimal temperature was above 10
. The mineral contents was the most high level for the extract treated at 10
for 1.5hr. The results of sensory evaluation showed that tastes for the marsh calm extracts had no significant discrimination, while external appearances and flavors for the extract done at 10
for 1.5 hr were excellent. The extracts at 10
showed a little dark color and those at 9
smell a little fish flavor.
Processing of Vinegar Using the Sea Tangle (Laminaria Japonica) Extract
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 211~217
Optimum processing conditions of vinegar using esa tangle extracts were investigated. Sea tangle vineagr was prepared by adding 3% and 5% of glucose, 6% and 10% of ethanol to sea tangle extracts and inoculating acetic acid bacteria. After fermentation for 30 days at 3
, pH was similar to 3.22, 3.21, 3.25 and 3.28 days it was 4.75%, 4.77%, 5.61% and 5.87% respectively. Contents or reducing sugar was 0.70%, 0.70%, 0.88% and 0.89% in initial time of fermentation but it was rapidly decreased by 10 days of fermentation to 0.20%, 0.19%, 0.22%, and 0.21%, respectively. Ethanol contents was 5.88%, 9.77%, 5.75% and 9.68% in initial time of fermentation but it was rapidly decreased by 15 days of fermentation to 1.05%, 1.62%, 0.45% and 1.23%, respectively and it was addition of 5% glucose and 6% ethanol and fermentation for 20 days at 3
. Quality for sea tangle vinegar manufactured using optimum condition were as follows respectively; pH 3.25, acidity 5.38%, total sugar 1.72%, iodine 1,537.2 ppm.
Spermatogenesis in three Korean shrews and notes on their phylogenetic significance
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 218~229
The cycle of the seminiferous epithelium and spermiogenesis in three species if the genus Crocidura, the lesser white-toothed shrew, C. suaveolens, the Japanese white-toothed shrew, C. dsinezumi and the big(=Ussuri) white-toothed shrew C. lasiura, in the breeding season were studied with light and electron microscopes. The three species examined are distinguished from each other in the morphology of the seminiferous epithelium and the spermiogenesis, suggesting that these morphological characteristics are useful for the identification of the species. C. dsinezumi and C. lasiura, however, share many characteristics which are not common in C. suaveolens, as follows: In both species, 1) the cycle of the seminiferous epithelium is composed of 10 stages against 11 stages in C. suaveloens; 2) the earliest intermediated type spermatogonia is observed at stage I against stage III in C. suaveolens; 3) the spermatids of step 5 is observed during the stages V-VI against stages V-VII in C. suaveolens; 4) the acrosomal extension occurs during the stages VIII-X against tages IX-XI in C. suaveolens; 5) the condensation of the nucleus occurs simultaneously whereas it begins from the middle and along the nuclear membrane in C. suaveolens; 6) the capitular length in acrosome phase is shorter(about 2/3 of the diameter of the proximal centriole) than in C. suaveolens(longer than the diameter of proximal centriole; 7) length of the post nuclear cap is shorter(less than a half of the nucleus) than in C. suaveolens(about a half on the nucleus). Hudging from the similarities in the spermatogenesis in C. dsinezumi and C. lasiura, the relationship between them seems to be close compared to those with C. suaveolens.
Biochemical Properties of Recombinant Cyclodextrin Glucanotransferase Expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 230~234
The cyclodextrin glucanotransferase(CGTase) gene of Bacillus macerans was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the recombinant CGTase was partially purified from the yeast culture supernatant. The optimal pH and temperature of the CGTase were found to be 6.0 and 5
, respectively. The pH and temperature stabilities of the recombinant enzyme were significantly enhanced and the half life at 55
was about 60 hr. When the recombinant CGTase was reacted with 5% soluble starch, the conversion yield of total cyclodextrin (CD) from starch was estimated to be 41% at 48 hr, whereas the wild type enzyme showed the yield of 12%. This improvement of conversion yield and thermal stability of CGTase may be useful for the development of low-cost CD production process.
Development of Biofugicide for Control of Gray Mole Rot of Eggplant Caused by Botrytis cinerea, and Bioassay in the Greenhouse Condition
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 235~241
To select the sntagonistic bacteria against B. cinerea, isolates were screened from the eggplant leaves and rhizosphere soils in the eggplnat fields in the greenhouse. W1 and P99 isolates were selected by the inhibition of mycelial growth of B. cinerea E12 in vitro test. These isolates, W1 and P99, were identified as Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas putida, respectively, by the Bergeys manual and API systems, For the formulation of the antagonistic bacteria, the media for the mass production were prepared with biji(soybean curd residues) or soybean flour. B. subtilis W1 or P. putida P99 was mass cultured in biji broth or soybean flour extrect broth and then soybean flour, corn starch flour, rice glutinous flour and biji flour as high molecular substrates were added. These mixtures were dried, grinded and formulated as brofungicides of wettable powder type. The assess the control effect of biofungicides against the infection of B. cinerea, six types of formulations were assayed at the pot culturing with eggplant in the greenhouse. According to the results, there were no significant differences among the formulation methods. However, P99S or PppB formulated with P. putida P99 showed the highest control values as 90.4% and 96.1%, respectively. Then. BSB or BSD formulated whit B. subtilis W1 were 80.8% and 83.0%, respectively. There afforementioned values were more effective than that of chemical fungicide. Ipro W.P which showed as 72.6%.
Gray Mold Rot of Eggplant Caused by Botrytis cineraea in Greenhouse
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 242~247
Botrytis cinerea E12 was isolated from the leaves, flowers and fruits of eggplant in the greenhouse in Halrim, Kimhae and Dejeo, Pusan. The leaves infected with the pathogen were appeared initially brown-color, small gray spots at the edge, and finally fall down. The fruit was showed the symptoms of circular or irregular shapes, followed by sunken. When the symptoms were developed, the conidia formed on the surface with gray color. To determine the pathogenicity of B. cinerea E12 against the eggplants, the conidia were suspended with 30% tomato juice, PDB and sterile water, respectively. The result showed that the conidial suspension with 30% tomato juice was highly effective on the pathogenicity as more than 90%. Moreover, the symptoms caused by inoculum were the same as those of wild-type pathogen.
Isolation and identification of influenza virus from Pusan, 1999
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 248~253
The outbreak patterns of the internal and external and external patients in the 20 designated hospitals and in 16 health centers were monitored to investigate and the characteristics of the virus isolates were as follows. Two hundreds and thirteen strains of influenza virus were isolated from the oral specimens of 1,686 patients with respiratory disease in Pusan. 1999. Among these isolates, 203 strains were A-type and the rest were B-type. The outbreak patterns for sex and age group were as follows. The male outbreak was similar to the female outbreak: male outbreak, 45.5% and female outbreak, 54.5%. Most of the patients were less than 10 days old. The monthly influenza outbreak was consistent from Jan. to Dec in 1999. The 96 strains from the A-type isolates were A/Sydney/05/97(H3N2)-like, the 107 strains were A/Beijing/262/95(H1N)-like, and all of the 10 B-type isolates were B/Harbin/07/94-like.
Changes of Protein and Lipid During Callus Induction and Plant Regeneration from Perilla frutescens
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 254~258
The biochemical change during regeneration of perilla callus were investigated by comparing total protein and lipid contents, protein band pattern in SDS-PAGE, and fatty acid composition in the calli cultured for various period(0, 1, 3, 5 and 6 weeks) Calli were induced from cotyledon and hypocotyl explants of peplants of perilla on perilla on MS medium containing BA(0.5 mg/L) and NAA(0.5mg/L). The protein contents reached the peak at 3 weeks after induction of calli, and then was decreased. Total lipid contents was decreased as the culture period increased. The band pattern of polypeptides showed that 30KD and 45KD polypeptides and 22KD and 45KD polypetides were major proteins in the cotyledon and hypocotyl explants, respectively. However increase of culture period only 30KD protein was highly accumulated.
Protection of Mercury induced Acute Respiratory Injury by Inhaled Oxidizing Agent
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 259~265
Mercury vapor inhalation-induced acute respiratory failure(ARF) has been reported to be fatal. This study was designed to observe the possible mechanism of inhaled mercury vapor poisoning in the respiratory system. Sixty percent of rats(12/20) exposed to mercury vapor were dead within 72 hours of exposure whereas all the rats(20/20) exposed to mercury vapor combined with dithiothreitol(DTT) vapor survived. The histological observation showed that ARF was a direct cause of the death induced by mercury vapor inhalation, which was significantly circumvented by DTT vapor. Cyclic AMP mediated chloride secretion was inhibited by luminal side but not serosal side sulfhydryl blocking agents (Hf
-chloromercuribenzoic acid or
-chloromercuriphenyl sulfonic acid) in a dose-dependent manner in a primary cultured rat airway monolayer. The inhibitory component of cAMP induced chloride secretion was completely restored by luminal side DTT(0.5mM). these results suggest that the oxidized form(Hg
) of mercury vapor(Hg0) contribute to ARF and subsequent death. The finding is important as it can provide important information regarding emergency manipulation of ARF patients suffering from by mercury vapor poisoning.ing.
Serological Distribution and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Salmonella sp. Isolated from Pusan Area in 2000
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 266~272
A total of 79 Salmonella spp. were isolated from Pusan area in 2000. The serotypes of 79 Salmonella isolates were classified as 42 strains of S. typhi(53.1%), 24 strains of S. enteritidis(30.4%), 9 strains of S. montevideo(11.4%), 2 strains of S. typhimurium(2.5%), 1 strain of S. infantis(1.3%) and 1 strain of S. indiana(1.3%) strains(16.5%) of Salmonella sp. were isolated at May July, respectively. The isolates of S. typhi were sensitive to most sntibiotics except streptomycin. All isolates of S. typhi were especially sensitive to tobramycin, gentamicin, colistin, kanamycin, samikacin, sulfamethozazole/ trimethoprim, cefriaxone, ceftazdime, cifrofloxacin, cefoxitin and cefotaxime. Isolates of S. enteritidis wer presented higher resistance than isolates of S. typhi. Twenty-four strains of S. enteritidis were sensitive to kanamycin, amikacin cifrofloxacin, cefoxitin and cefotaxime, however 13 strains(54.2%) of S. enteritidis were resistant to carbenicillin, ampicillin and ticarcillin. Nine strains of S. montevideo were sensitive to most antibiotics except carbenicillin and streptomycin. Each 1 stain of S. indiana and S. infantis was sensitive to most antibiotics used in this study except streptomycin. Three kinds of resistant pattern (CB, SM, TE, AM, TC). In the case of S. enteritidis isolates, 9 kinds resistant pattern were detected. Most frequent resistant pattern of S. enteritidis isolates was CB, AM, TC type(16.7%)
A Study on the Design of Denitrification Reactor and the Characteristics
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 273~278
Removal of nitrogen compound from waste water is essential and often accomplished by biological process. Deni-trification bacterium. Paracoccus denitrificans(KCTC 2350) is employed to estimate the ability and the characteristics of denitrification. In the immobilized biological reactor system, the measurement of absolute amount of active strain in the reactor is comparatively difficult or impossible. In this study, strain immobilized denitrification reactor was designed with the unwoven texture wrapped peeped hole plastic tube to calculated the absolute amount of active strain by comparing the activity of the immobilized reactor adn the free cell reactor. The reactor system was continuous stirred tank reactor and the rate of substrate consumption was assumed to be Michaelis-Menten equation. As a result, we found that the amount of immobilized active strain was the half of the total active strain in the reactor and the time required to reach in the equilibrium state in the immobilized reactor system was shorter than that of the free cell reactor system.
Second locus for late-onset familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 279~283
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis(ALS) is a progressive neurologic disorder resulting from the degeneration of upper and lower motor neurons, and is inherited in 10% of cases. About 20% of familial ALS, clinically indistinguishable from sporadic ALS, is caused by mutations of Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase on chromosome 21q22.21 inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. We now report a new locus in the non-SOD1 dominantly inherited ALS. We screened a large ALS family with 11 affected individuals and one obligate gene carrier with genome-wide ABI polymorphic markers using the ABI 377 automated system. No evidence of linkage was obtained with the autosomal markers. We next screened this family with X chromosome markers as there was no evidence of male-to-male tran-smission of the disease. Linkage was established with several X chromosome markers with a lod score up to 3.8; almost the maximum possible score in this family. Our finding imply that a gene for the dominant expression of a neuronal degeneration is coded on X chromosome and raise the question of the role of X-linked genes that escape inactivation in this pathogenesis. More importantly, our finding that a gene causing ALS is localized on X-chromosome has direct investigational relevance to sporadic ALS, where epidemiological studies show male gender predominance(1.3:1) and earlier onset in men by 5-10 years.
Changes in Chemical Components of Chungkugiang Prepared with Small Black Bean
Journal of Life Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 284~290
Changes in chemical components of small black bean chungkugjang(SBBC) added with kiwi and radish as foodstuffs to repress off-odor and enhance the quality of SBBC suring fermentation were investigated. Optimal pretreatment conditions of small black bean suitable to the fermentation of chungkugjang were 3 hrs of soaking time 1.5 times of ratio of water to black bean. 1.0 atm of high pressure, 20 min of heating time, cutting and crushing of heat-treated black bean. Moisture content of SBBC was remarkably lower than that of soybean chungkugjang(SBC) as control. Crude protein of SBBC was in the range 23.37∼25.71% and higher than that of SBC, Crude lipid of SBBC was lower than that of SBC. Crude lipid of SBBC added with kiwi and radish paste was decreased than that of SBBC without two foodstuffs. pH of SBBC were rapidly increased to 24 hrs of fermentation and gradually increased thereafter. Total acidity was shown to be reversely decreased as compared to pH tendency. Reducing sugar was increased to 24 hrs of fermentation and then decreased. In SBBC and SBC, potassium was the most abundant followed by phosphorus, magnesium and calcium.