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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Life Science
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Korean Society of Life Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 12 - Dec 2007
Volume 17, Issue 11 - Nov 2007
Volume 17, Issue 10 - Oct 2007
Volume 17, Issue 9 - Sep 2007
Volume 17, Issue 8 - Aug 2007
Volume 17, Issue 7 - Jul 2007
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Jun 2007
Volume 17, Issue 5 - May 2007
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Apr 2007
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Mar 2007
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Feb 2007
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 2007
Selecting the target year
Population analysis of eelgrass, Zostera marina L. in Geojedo, Gaedo, and Jedo on the southern coastal water of Korea using RAPD-PCR
Cho, Eun-Seob ; Lee, Sang-Yong ; Kim, Jeong-Bae ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 455~461
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.455
Assessments of population genetic structure and diversity can be of value in formulating management plans for threatened eelgrass(Zostera maim). Using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA markers, we found evidence of significant genetic structure among the populations of eelgrass sampled at three areas(Geojedo, Gaedo, and Jedo). A highly isolated(>100 km apart) population from the Geojedo had a long genetic distance(0.16), whereas the populations from the Gaedo and Jedo(<10 km apart) exhibited far less distance(0.08). The analysis of similarity within population showed that Geojedo was over 70%, which was of lower value than of Gaedo and Jedo. Based on these results, we realized that heterogeneous population was in accordance with geographic separation. This is caused by limited seed dispersal and interrupted gene flow, although the sample size is small.
Isolation and Characterization of vasa Gene of Triploid and Diploid Human Lung Flukes (Paragonimus westermani)
Lee, Keun-Hee ; Yu, Hak-Sun ; Hur, Jae-Won ; Yu, Sung-Suk ; Choi, Sun-Hee ; Park, Sang-Kyun ; Lee, Sun-Joo ; Chung, Dong-Il ; Kong, Hyun-Hee ; Ock, Mee-Sun ; Jeong, Hae-Jin ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 462~469
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.462
In this study, we isolated, characterized, and compared the vasa homologous genes of diploid and triploid Paragonimus westermani and localized VASA homologous proteins in both lung fluke types. Open reading frames of Pw-vasa-2n and Pw-vasa-3n were of 1812 bp, and encoded deduced proteins of 622 amino acids with calculated molecular weights of 69.0 kDa and 68.9 kDa and pI's of 9.11 and 9.03, respectively. A comparison of these two VASA deduced protein sequences showed that only 6 of the 622 amino acids differed. The deduced sequences of Pw-VASA-2n and Pw-VASA-3n contained eight consensus sequences characteristic of the DEAD-box protein family and their N-terminal regions contained four arginine-glycine-glycine (RGG) motifs. These two lung fluke VASA-like proteins were more similar to those of other VASA proteins than to those of other DEAD-family proteins isolated from several organisms (planarian, zebra fish, mouse, and human). vasa homologous gene transcription and VASA protein expressions in triploid type lung flukes was slightly stronger than in the diploid type. Immunostaining showed that testes and a portion of the ovaries of both diploid and triploid lung flukes reacted strongly to anti-Pw-VASA antibody.
Study of Genetic Diversity and Taxonomy of Genus Sorbus in Korea Using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA
Park, So-Hye ; Kim, Sea-Hyun ; Seo, Hee-Won ; Huh, Man-Kyu ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 470~475
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.470
Genus Sorbus is a long lived woody species. Plants of this genus are primarily distributed patchy throughout Asia and Europe. Sorbus commixta is primarily distributed throughout Europe. Eastern Asian Sorbus species are regarded as very important herbal medicines in Korea and China. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) was used to investigate the genetic variation and phylogenetic analysis of four species of this genus in Korea. Although some Korean populations of these species were isolated and patchily distributed, they exhibited a high level of genetic diversity. Twenty-six primers revealed 205 loci, of which 128 were polymorphic (62.4%). S. commixta showed the highest diversity (0.165), whereas S. aucuparia showed the lowest diversity (0.109). The estimated gene flow (Nm) was low high among intra-species (mean Nm=0.755). A similarity matrix based on the proportion of shared fragments (GS) was used to evaluate relatedness among species. The estimate of GS ranged from 0.786 to 0.963. The molecular data allowed us to resolve well-supported clades in Korean taxa and European species. An addition, especially, species-specific markers for genus Sorbus by RAPD analysis may be useful in germ-plasm classification and agricultural process of several taxa of this genus.
Tyrosinase Inhibitory Xanthones from Cudrania tricuspidata
Oh, Sang-Seok ; Seo, Eun-Jin ; Kim, Hoi-Young ; Ryu, Young-Bae ; Lee, Jin-Hwan ; Gal, Sang-Wan ; Park, Ki-Hun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 476~481
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.476
The methanolic roots bark extract of Cudrania tricuspidata (Carr.) Bureau was chromatographed, which yielded three xanthones 1-3 by tyrosinase inhibitory activity-guided fractionation. The structures were fully characterized by analysis of physical and spectral data. Among them, furano prenylxanthone 3, never reported as tyrosinase inhibitor, showed potent activity with
, and appeared to inhibit the polyphenol oxidase activity of tyrosinase in an uncompetitive inhibitor(
) when L-tyrosine was used as a substrate. Moreover, potent inhibitor furano prenylxanthone 3 had an extended lag time of 310 sec at
, while lag time of kojic acid as positive control was prolonged with 350 sec at the same concentration.
Regulation of Gb3 Expression on Dendritic Cells
Lim, Suk-Hwan ; Kim, Gi-Young ; Kim, Hyung-Chun ; Kim, Young-Hee ; Son, Yong-Hae ; Oh, Yang-Hyo ; Park, Yeong-Min ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 482~492
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.482
Infection with Shiga-like toxin (SLT)-producing Escherichia coli causes a spectrum of illnesses with high morbidity and mortality. Host mediators play an important role in the pathogenesis of SLT-I toxicity. We here investigated the effect of SLT-I on tumor necrosis
production, effect of
on glycolipid globotriaosyleramide (Gb3) expression, and relationship between Gb3 level and differential susceptibility of cells to SLT-I. In this study, we observed that detectable levels of
are produced 6 hrs after induction and continued to increase during 48 hrs by SLT-I. It was also found that Vero cells and dendritic cells expressed high levels of Gb3, 83% and 68%, respectively, and that macrophages had a low level of Gb3 (29%) and showed refractory to cytotoxicity against SLT-I. Vero cells and dendritic cells expressing high levels of Gb3 were highly susceptible to SLT-I. furthermore, macrophages showed a resistance to SLT-I cytotoxicity, despite the fact that Gb3 expression was enhanced. These results suggest that the expression of Gb3 is necessary, but not sufficient to confer sensitivity of macrophages to SLT-I and further underpin the important role of SLT-I and its receptor, Gb3, in the pathogenesis of E. coli O157 infection.
Genetic analysis of seed characters in parents and F
hybrid of rice
Chung, Won-Bok ; Oh, Ju-Sung ; Hwang, Pil-Seong ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 493~497
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.493
The study were performed genetic analysis for seed characters of 6 parents of rice cultivar and 15
hybrids. In terms of heritability, The highest value was observed in the character of No. of grains/spike. Second values was showed 1,000 grains weight and head rice ratio was high value than grain length and width. In an analysis of correlation relation of parent, significant positive coefficients were observed in head rice ratio and No. of grains/spike, grain length and 1,000 grains weight, but the negative coefficients were significantly revealed between grain length and No. of grains/spike. Phenotype coefficient was lowly observed in the relation of grain length and 1,000 grains weight, grain width and 1,000 grain weight that highly positive genetic coefficient was showed in an analysis of correlation relation of
. In terms of heterosis, highest value was showed 1,000 grains weight and second value was No. of grains per spike and 1,000 grains weight and second value was No. of grains per spike in terms of heterobeltiosis. In an analysis heterosis of among crossing combination, high ratio was observed 1st combination at seed length, 12th combination at seed width, 3rd combination at head rice ratio, 5th combination at 1,000 grains weight and 11th combination at No. of grains per spike. In an analysis heterobeltiosis of among crossing combination, high ratio was observed 1st combination at seed length, 12th combination at seed width, 3rd combination at head rice ratio, th combination at 1,000 grains weight and 11th combination at No. of grains per spike.
Changes in Physio-Chemical Properties of Deer Meat During Storage at -30°C and -60°C
Shin, Teak-Soon ; Lee, Kil-Wang ; Kim, Seon-Ku ; Kang, Han-Seok ; Kim, Keun-Ki ; Park, Hyean-Cheal ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 498~502
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.498
A total of 5 female elk deer(
) were included in a study on the changes in physico-chemical properties of deer meat during storage at
. The deers were exposed to normal pre-slaughter handling and put under anesthesia before slaughtered. The loin and leg cuts were deboned from the carcass after 24hrs slaughter. The samples weighing approximately 300g were packaged using wrap packaging and stored for 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 months at
. During the freezing period, the changes of moisture maintenance was slower for the meats kept at
than that at
. The meat softness represented higher value after freezing, and it tended to be decreased with the passage of storage time. Comparing the values between freezing temperature, the value at
was higher than at
. All meats frozen at
were edible after storage for 6 months. Loin was inedible, and leg was edible after freezing storage for 6 months. The pH values of the meats were increased during freezing period, even though pH value of the meats stored for 6 months was less than 5.70. Luminosity of loin was significantly increased with the passage of storage time, although loin stored at
was darker, and leg stored at
was darker. The index of red color was rapidly decreased for loin stored at
, and for leg stored at
, respectively. There were no changes in the index of yellow color for loin stored at
, and the index for leg was increased with regardless of the freezing storage temperature after 6 months.
The effects of GI exercise and soybean milk supplement on body composition, blood lipid, Gonadotropins in middle-aged women
Lee, Hyun-Mi ; Kwak, Yi-Sub ; Kim, Se-Jong ; Ye, Jung-Bok ; Park, Young-Ho ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 503~509
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.503
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Gi exercises and soybean milk supplement on the body composition and the physiological parameters including blood level of lipids and related hormones in middle-aged women. The Gi exercise program was composed of warming-up(10 min), main exercise(40 min) and cooling-down(10 min). The 40 middle-aged women between 40 and 60 years old were divided into four groups; the control group(12 women), the Gi exercise group(14 women), the soybean milk supplement group(11 women), and the Gi exercise group with soybean milk supplement(14 women). The Gi exercise program was applied three times a week and two packs of the soybean milk per day were given. The result of this study was as follows 1. The control group showed the increase of body weight, percent body fat, and fat mass than other groups. 2. The blood level of T-C was increased in the control group and the Gi exercise group and exercise with supplemented group were decreased 3. The blood level of HDL-C was significantly decreased in the control group than other groups. 4. The blood level of LDL-C was significantly increased in the control group than other groups. 5. The level of TG were not significantly changed in all groups 6. The follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) hormone levels were not significantly changed in all study groups
Relation of Correlation about Rice quality related Characters in Condition storage of Unhulled rice
Hwang, Pil-Seong ; Lee, Jeom-Sig ; Kim, Kee-Jong ; Son, Jong-Rok ; Chung, Won-Bok ; Oh, Ju-Seong ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 510~514
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.510
This study was carried on cool and RT(room temperature) storage of unhulled rice. In RT storage of an analysis of coefficient relation, high significant positive coefficients were observed in toyo index and breakdown, setback and protein content. high significant negative coefficients were showed setback and breakdown, breakdown and protein content. In cool storage of an analysis of coefficient relation, high significant positive coefficients were observed in toyo index and amylose content and gelatinization start temperature and protein content and high significant negative coefficients were showed toyo index and whiteness, toyo index and gelatinization start temperature, gelatinization start temperature and amylose content. In RT storage of a path coefficient analysis, a highest positive direct influence was observed in amylose content and a highest negative direct influence was protein content. Positive indirect influence was high revealed breakdown and protein content and negative indirect influence was gelatinization start temperature and Mg/K ratio. In cool storage of a path coefficient analysis, a highest positive direct influence was whiteness and a highest positive indirect influence was gelatinization start temperature. Positive indirect influence was high revealed gelatinization start temperature and amylose content, negative indirect influence was whiteness and gelatinization start temperature. In RT storage of Multiple regression equation of Toyo index based on physicochemical properties of unhulled rice, a highest coefficient of determination was revealed among five facters of whiteness, protein content, Mg/K ratio, amylose content and gelatinization start temperature. In cool storage of Multiple regression equation of toyo index based on physicochemical properties of unhulled rice, highest coefficient of determination was revealed among five facters of moisture content, amylose content, gelatinization start temperature, breakdown and setback.
Effect of Low Dose Administration of Aprotinin in Pump Priming Solution on Cardiac Surgery
Moon, Seong-Min ; Choi, Seok-Cheol ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 515~521
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.515
Aprotinin, a serine protease inhibitor, has been used to ameliorate the inevitable consequences, including blood component injury after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). However, there are many arguments on its dosage or usage. We assessed whether administration of low dose of aprotinin in only priming solution has any beneficial effect or reduces its side effects on cardiac surgery. Thirty patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery were randomly assigned to aprotinin group (n=15) which received aprotinin in priming solution (two million kallikrein inhibitory unit, KIU) and added one million KIU at 1 hour after the beginning of CPB or control group (n=15) which did not receive it. Hematological and biochemical variables, cytokines and cardiac marker levels, and postoperative outcomes were compared between two groups at before, during or after operation. Platelet count in aprotinin group was higher than that of control group at postoperative 24 hr. Activated partial thromboplastin time in aprotinin group was longer than that of control group at intensive care unit (ICU). Troponin-I level and postoperative blood loss volumes in aprotinin group were lower than those of control group at ICU. There were no significant differences between the two groups on the others. These results showed that low dosage of only priming solution during cardiac surgery with CPB reduced platelet destruction and postoperative bleeding, and attenuates myocardial damage. However, further studies need to be carried out with more population or pediatric patients for evaluating various aprotinin usage.
Effects of caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, and EGCG on the methylation status of p16 gene in T-47D breast cancer cells
Lee, Won-Jun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 522~528
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.522
In the present investigation, we studied the modulating effects of caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate(EGCG) on the methylation status of promoter regions of cell cycle regulator, p16, in human breast cancer T-47D cells. We demonstrated that treatment of T-47D cells with caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, or EGCG partially inhibited the methylation status of the promoter regions of p16 genes determined by methylation-specific PCR. In contrast, unmethylated p16 genes were increased with the treatment of T-47D cells with
of caffeic acid or chlorogenic acid for 6 days. Treatment of T-47D cells with 5, 20 or
of EGCG increased the unmethylation status of p16 gene up to 100%, and the methylation-specific bands of this gene were decreased up to 50% in a concentration-dependent manner. The finding of present study demonstrated that coffee polyphenols and EGCG have strong inhibitory effects of the cellular DNA methylation process through increased formation of S-adenosyl-homocysteine(SAH) during the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT)- mediated O-methylation of these dietary chemicals or an direct inhibition of the DNA methyltransferases. In conclusion, various dietary polyphenols could reverse the methylation status of p16 gene in human breast T-47D cells.
Effect of Feeding Eggs on Levels of Serum Lipid, Protein, and Enzyme Activities in Rats
Lee, Choong-Un ; On, Joon-Ho ; Koh, Jin-Bog ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 529~534
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.529
The effects of dietary eggs on liver and serum lipids, serum protein and mineral concentrations, and enzyme activities in male rats were studied. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed four types of diets for 4 weeks, respectively: a control diet, a control diet supplemented with 5, 10 or 15% eggs powder. In rats fed 5, 10 or 15% egg diets the body weight gain, the food intake, the weights of kidney and epididymal fat pad were similar to those in rats fed the control diet. The hepatic weight, hepatic cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations of rats fed the all egg diets were significantly higher than those of rats fed the control diet. The concentrations of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL+VLDL-cholesterol, triglyceride and phospholipid in the serum of rats fed the all egg diets were similar to those of rats fed the control diet. In the rats fed 5% egg diet the HDL-cholesterol/total-cholesterol ratios was significantly increased, and the atherogenic index was significantly decreased compared with those in the rats fed 10 or 15% egg diets. The serum total protein and albumin concentrations of rats fed 10 or 15% egg diets were significantly increased compared with those of rats fed the control diet. The serum calcium levels of rats fed the all egg diets were significantly increased compared with those of rats fed the control diet. No differences were noted in the concentrations of urea nitrogen, creatinine, glucose and hemoglobin, and activities of GOT, GPT,
and alkaline phosphatase in the serum among the rats with on all the experimental diets. These results showed that the all egg diets feeding increased cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations in liver, but no differences lipids and lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations in serum of rats.
Thrombin Inhibition Activity of Fructus Extract of Crataggus pinnatifida Bunge
Ryu, Hee-Young ; Kim, Yung-Kwan ; Kwun, In-Sook ; Kwon, Chong-Suk ; Jin, Ing-Nyol ; Sohn, Ho-Yong ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 535~539
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.535
The fructus of Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge has been used as medicinal and food source in worldwide. In this study, a strong direct thrombin inhibition and antithrombosis activity were identified from the methanol extract of C. pinnatifida Bunge fructus. The solvent fractionation of fructus extract using hexane, ethylacetate, butanol revealed that the butanol fraction has a prominent antithrombin activity. Thrombin time(blood-clot formation time) and activated partial thromboplastin time(aPTT) extended to 835% and 315% by addition of the butanol fraction at concentration of 1.25 mg/mL, whereas thrombin time extended to 287% by addition of aspirin at concentration of 1,25 mg/mL. The butanol fraction showed anthrone-positive and weak ninhydrine-postive reaction. The thrombin inhibitory activity was not related to previously reported flavonoids or polyphenols. The activity was maintained against acid treatment(0.5 N HCl for 120 min), but rapidly lost by heat-treatment(
for 30 min). Our results suggested that fructus of C. pinnatifida Bunge with non-heat treatment process could be developed as a natural source of antithrombosis.
Physicochemical Properties and Sensory Characteristics of Korean Native Beef Loin Fed with Citrus Byproduct
Yang, Seung-Joo ; Jung, In-Chul ; Moon, Yoon-Hee ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 540~545
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.540
The purpose of this research is to study the effects of feeding dietary citrus byproducts TMR (total mixed ration) on physicochemical properties and sensory characteristics of Korean native beef loin (KNBL). The samples for experiment consist of the KNBL not fed with citrus byproducts (TMR-0) and the KNBL fed with citrus byproducts during fattening period (TMR-1). The control (TMR-0) KNBL was fed by general practical feeding (roughages and concentrates were fed separately), while the TMR-1 KNBL was fed by the same as TMR-0 until 17 months yearling but was fed by citrus byproducts feeding for 10 months after that. The
value were not significantly different between TMR-0 and TMR-1. The pH of TMR-1 was lower than that of TMR-0 (p<0.05), the VBN content, TBARS value and EDA were not significantly different between TMR-0 and TMR-1. The water holding capacity, frozen loss and cooking loss were not significantly different between TMR-0 and TMR-1, but thawing loss of TMR-0 was higher than that of TMR-1 (p<0.05). The hardness of TMR-0 was higher than that of TMR-1, and the springiness of TMR-1 was higher than that of TMR-0 (p<0.05), but the cohesiveness, gumminess, chewiness and shear force were not significantly different between TMR-0 and TMR-1. The pH and VBN content during storage were not significantly different between TMR-0 and TMR-1, but the TBARS value of TMR-1 stored during 4 weeks was lower than that of TMR-0 (p<0.05). In case of sensory score, the color and aroma of raw meat, and the taste, juiciness and palatability of cooked meat were not significantly different between TMR-0 and TMR-1. But the flavor and tenderness of TMR-1 were superior than those of TMR-0 (p<0.05)
Effect of intake of dried mackerel on fatty acid compositions in liver and nervous tissue
Choi, Hyung-Ju ; Kim, Kyung-Kun ; Lim, Sun-Young ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 546~551
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.546
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of feeding dried mackerel as a means of increasing the intake of these n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on fatty acid compositions in liver and nervous tissue. Twenty male mice aged at 4 weeks were fed on the control (5% palm oil, control group) and 5% dried mackerel diets (mackerel group) for four weeks. In fatty acid compositions of liver and cortex, levels of total n-3 fatty acid, specially docosahexaenoic (22:6n-3, DHA) and eicosapentaenoic (20:5n-3, EPA) acids, were increased in the mackerel group compared to the control group, while docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-6, DPAn-6) levels were decreased (p<0.05). In cerebellum and retina, levels of DHA were not significantly different between the control and mackerel groups, but levels of total n-6 fatty acids and arachidonic acid (20:4n-6, AA) were decreased in the mackerel group. These results indicated that intake of 5% dried mackerel increased levels of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in cortex. Thus, we will investigate the relationship between brain function and cortex fatty acid compositions following intake of mackerel by assessing discrimination leaning ability.
Effects of Bcl-2 Overexpressing on the Apoptotic Cell Death Induced by HDAC Inhibitors in Human Leukemic U937 Cells
Lee, In-Hyuk ; Hur, Man-Gyu ; Park, Dong-Il ; Choi, Byung-Tae ; Choi, Yung-Hyun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 552~560
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.552
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) is overexpressed in a variety of cancers and is closely correlated with oncogenic factors. HDAC inhibitors such as trichostatin A(TSA) and sodium butyrate (Na-B) have been shown to induce apoptosis in vitro and in vivo in many cancer cells. The anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein has the remarkable ability to prevent cell death and Bcl-2 overexpression has been reported to protect against cell death. We previously reported that the apoptotic cell death of human leukemic U937 cells by TSA and Na-B treatment was associated with the down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression and activation of caspases. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Bcl-2 overexpression on the growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induced by TSA and Na-B in U937 cells. TSA-induced growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis were significantly attenuated in Bcl-2 overexpressing U937/Bcl-2 cells however Na-B did not affected. Induction of apoptosis by TSA was accompanied by down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression, activation of caspase-3, -8 and -9, and degradation of DNA fragmentation factor/inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase, which was blocked by the overexpression of Bcl-2. Collectively, these findings suggest that ectopic expression of Bcl-2 appeared to inhibit TSA-induced apoptosis by interfering with inhibition of Bcl-2 and caspase activation.
Acute Toxicity of Leuconostoc kimchii GJ2, An Exopolysaccharide-Producing Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Kimchi, in Mice
Lee, Jae-Joon ; Lee, Yu-Mi ; Chang, Hae-Choon ; Lee, Myung-Yul ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 561~567
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.561
The present study was carried out to investigate the acute toxicity of Leuconostoc kimchii GJ2(Leu. kimchii GJ2), an exopolysaccharide-producing lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi, in ICR male and female mice. The test article was intraperitoneally or orally administered to both sexes of mice. Then followed a 14-day period of observation. In intraperitoneal acute toxicity test, mice were injected intraperitoneally with dosage of 0, 700, 900, 1,100, 1,300, 1,500, 1,700, 1,900, 2,100, 2,300 and 2,500 mg/kg. Intraperitoneal 50% lethal doses(
) of Leu. kimchii GJ2 was >2,500 mg/kg in male and female mice. In oral acute toxicity test, male and female mice were gavaged with Leu. kimchii GJ2 of five doses(0, 625, 1,500, 2,500 and 5,000 mg/kg). Oral
of Leu. kimchii GJ2 was consider to be higher than 5,000 mg/kg. Furthermore, no significant changes in general conditions, body weights, clinical signs and any gross lesions were observed in both sexes of mice administered intraperitoneally or orally with Leu. kimchii GJ2. In conclusion, our results suggest that no adverse effect level of Leu. kimchii GJ2 is estimated to be over 2,500 mg/kg in the intraperitoneal route and 5,000 mg/kg in the oral route, respectively.
Partial Characterization and Induction of Ferulic Acid Esterase and Xylanase from Pseudomonas sp. LG2
Kim, Yong-Gyun ; Lee, Sang-Mong ; Park, Hyun-Chul ; Kim, Keun-Ki ; Son, Hong-Joo ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 568~574
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.568
Lignin degrading bacterium Pseudomonas sp. LG2 was able to degrade lignin substrate to a lot of APPL compound. APPL compound was detected in culture supernatants from Pseudomonas sp. LG2 grown with BSC(brewer's spent grain). FAE(ferulic acid esterase) and xylanase are induced from Pseudomonas sp. LG2 in the presence of carbon sources such as oat spelt xylan, HBSG I, II(hydrolyzed brewer's spent grain I, II) and AFBSG(autoclaved fraction from brewer's spent grain). However, xylanase and FAE are not induced by growth of Pseudomonas sp. LG2 on xylose and arabinose. Pseudomonas sp. LG2 is grown on medium containing oat spelt xylan, HBSG I, II and AFBSG and the induction of FAE and xylanase activities of extracellular proteins determined during 14 days. Maximum level of xylanase activity(5.3 U/mg) found at 6 days in culture contained oat spelt xylan as carbon source, whereas maximum level of FAE activity(15.4 mU/mg) was found at 8 days in culture contained AFBSG as carbon source. Most ferulic acid was released in culture supernatants when Pseudomonas sp. LG2 grown on oat spelt xylan, HBSG I, II and AFBSG. FAE of extracellular enzymes was also specific activity on methyl ferulic acid, methyl caffeic acid and methyl p-coumaric acid respectively, but not methyl sinapinic acid, methyl vanillic acid and methyl gallic acid.
The Effect of Mulberry Fruits Extracts on Blood Flow Improvement in Ovariectomized Rats
Choi, Kyung-Ha ; Shon, Jae-Hak ; Choi, In-Soon ; Choi, Young-Ju ; Bae, Song-Ja ; Kim, Mi-Hyang ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 575~580
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.575
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of three different mulberry cultivars extracts on inhibition of platelet aggregation and blood flow improvement. Four groups were surgically ovariectomized (OVX). The fifth group was sham operated. Sprague-Dawley strain female rats were randomly assigned to the following groups. sham-operated rats(Sham), ovariectomized control rats(OVX-Control), ovariectomized rats supplemented with 80% ethanol extracts from fruits of Tajikistan mulberry (OVX-TM), Korea mulberry (OVX-KM) and China mulbery (OVX-CM) at 200 mg/kg bw/d. The mulberry extracts were orally administrated at 1 ml per day. The body weights of OVX rats were significantly heavier than the sham-operated rats at all values (p<0.05). The serum triglyceride level was significantly decreased after supplemented with the CM and KM extracts. The serum HDL-cholesterol level in the OVX-KM group was significantly higher than that in the OVX-control group. The passage time of whole blood showed significant correlation with triglyceride but reverse correlation with HDL cholesterol. The ability of platelet aggregation of groups treated with mulberry extracts was less than OVX-control group. Taken these together, mulberry extracts may be used to possibly improve the quality of life in menopausal women.
Purification and Characterization of the Staphylococcus epidermidis Urease
Min, Seon-Hee ; Lee, Mann-Hyung ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 581~586
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.581
Staphylococcus epidermidis is a coagulase-negative, gram-positive bacterium that normally inhabits the human skin. S. epidermidis is also known to be an opportunistic pathogen in infections of various indwelling medical devices. This report describes purification and characterization of the urease of S. epidermidis urease, which may act as a virulence factor. The urease from S. epidermidis was purified 1,127 fold by using DEAE-Sepharose, Phenyl-Sepharose, Mono-Q and Superdex HR200 column chromatography. The specific activity of the purified enzyme was 993.8 U/mg. Michaelis constant(
) of the enzyme was estimated to be 8.5 mM urea by using Lineweaver-Burke double reciprocal plot. The native molecular weight of the urease was shown to be 255 kD by using Superose 6HR gel filtration chromatography and the purified enzyme contained 2.2 nickel ions per catalytic unit. The overall stoichiometry of the enzyme subunits appears to be
, which is consistent with the enzymes from other bacteria sources.
Current Progress in Generation of Genetically Modified Mice
Song, Ki-Duk ; Cho, Byung-Wook ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 587~592
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.587
Manipulation of the mouse genome by activating or inactivating the gene has contributed to the understanding of the function of the gene in the subset of cells during embryonic development or postnatal period of life. Most of all, gene targeting, which largely depends on the availability of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, is the milestone of development of animal models for human disease. Recombinase-mediated genome modification (Cre-LoxP and Flp-Frt etc) and the ligand-dependent regulation system, more accurate and elaborate manipulation tools, have been successfully developed and applied to dissect the mechanisms governing complex biological processes and to understand the role of protein in temporal-and spatial aspects of development. As technologies concerning refined manipulation of mouse genome are developed, they are expected to open new opportunities to better understand the diverse in vivo functions of genes.
Histone methylation and transcription
Kim, Ae-Ri ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 17, issue 4, 2007, Pages 593~598
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2007.17.4.593
Amino acids of histone tail are covalently modified in eukaryotic cells. Lysine residues in histone H3 and H4 are methylated at three levels; mono-, di- or trimethylation. Methylation in histones is related with transcription of the genes in distinct pattern depending on lysine residues and methylated levels. Relation between transcription and methylation has been relatively well understood at three lysines H3K4, H3K9 and H3K36. H3K4 is methylated in active or potentially active chromatin and its methylation associates with active transcription. H3K9 is generally methylated in heterochromatin or repressed gene, but trimethylation of this lysine occur in actively transcribed genes also. Methylation at H3K36 generally correlates with active chromatin/transcription, but the correlation of its dimethylation with transcription is controversial. All together methylation patterns of individual lysine residues in histone relate with activation or repression of transcription and may provide distinctive roles in transcriptional regulation of the eukaryotic genes.