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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Life Science
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Korean Society of Life Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 20, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 20, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 20, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 20, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
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Pharmacological Profile of KR-31125, an Orally Active AT
Lee, Sung-Hou ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 969~976
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.969
In vivo studies of KR-31125 (2-butyl-5-dimethoxymethyl-6-phenyl-7-methyl-3-[[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl) biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]-3H-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine) were performed in pithed rats, conscious angiotensin II (AII) challenged normotensive rats, renal hypertensive rats (RHRs) and furosemide-treated beagle dogs. KR-31125 induced a non-parallel right shift in the dose-pressor response curve to AII (
: 0.095 mg/kg) with a dose-dependent reduction in the maximum responses in pithed rats. Compared to losartan, this antagonistic effect was about 18 times more potent, presenting competitive antagonism. Other agonists such as norepinephrine and vasopressin did not alter the responses induced by KR-31125. Orally administered KR-31125 had no agonistic effect and dose-dependently inhibited the pressor response to AII with a slightly weaker potency (
: 0.25 and 0.47 mg/kg, respectively) in the AII-challenged normotensive rat model, but with a more rapid onset of action than losartan (time to
: 30 min for KR-31125 and 6 hr for losartan). KR-31125 produced a dose-dependent antihypertensive effect with a higher potency than losartan in RHRs, and these effects were confirmed in furosemide-treated dogs where they presented a dose-dependent and long-lasting (>8 hr) antihypertensive effect with a rapid onset of action (time to
: 2-4 hr), as well as a 20-fold greater potency than losartan. These results suggest that KR-31125 is a potent, orally active
receptor antagonist that can be applied to the development of new diagnostic and research tools as an added exploratory potential of
G1 Arrest of the Cell Cycle by Gomisin N, a Dibenzocyclooctadiene Lignan, Isolated from Schizandra chinensis Baill in Human Leukemia U937 Cells
Park, Cheol ; Hwang, Hye-Jin ; Choi, Byung-Tae ; Choi, Tae-Hyun ; Kim, Byung-Woo ; Choi, Young-Whan ; Choi, Yung-Hyun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 977~982
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.977
We investigated the anti-cancer effects of two dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans, gomisin A and gomisin N, isolated from Schizandra chinensis Baill, in human promyelocytic U937 cells. Gomisin N, but not gomisin A, inhibited cell growth in a concentration-dependent manner, which was associated with the induction of G1 arrest of the cell cycle. G1 arrest induced by gomisin N was correlated with down-regulation of cyclin E, cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) 2 and Cdk4, and a concomitant up-regulation of Cdk inhibitors such as p16 (INK4A) and p21 (WAF1/CIP1). Furthermore, gomisin N inhibited phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein (pRB) and p130, and expression of transcription factor E2Fs. The results indicated that growth inhibition by gomisin N is related to cell cycle arrest at G1 in U937 cells and these findings suggest that gomisin N may be a useful chemotherapeutic agent.
Genetic Diversity and Relationship of Genus Spiraea by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers
Huh, Man-Kyu ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 983~990
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.983
Genus Spiraea is a woody species primarily distributed throughout Asia. Many species of this genus are important plants medicinally and ecologically. I evaluated a representative sample of the sixteen taxa with random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers to estimate genetic relationships within genus Spiraea. In addition, RAPD analysis was also conducted to estimate the genetic diversity and population structure of these species. As the typical populations of Spiraea were small, isolated, and patchily distributed for natural populations, they maintained a low level of genetic diversity for polymorphic primers. The mean H was 0.117 across species. The Korean endemic species (S. chartacea) and patchily distributed species (S. betulifolia) showed fewer alleles per locus (mean 1.240 vs. 1.297), lower percent polymorphic locus (24.0 vs. 29.7), and lower diversity (0.092 vs. 0.121) than a relatively widely spread species. An assessment of the proportion of diversity present within species,
, indicated that about 87.8% the total genetic diversity was among species. Thus, the majority of genetic variation (87.8%) resided within species. The phylogenic tree showed three distinct groups. One clade includes S. prunifolia for. simpliciflora, S. thunbergii, S. chamaedryfolia var. ulmifolia, S. media, and S. cantoniensis. Another clade includes S. blumei, S. pubescens, S. chartacea, and S. chinensis. The other clade is the remaining seven species.
Cobalt Chloride-Induced Down-Regulation of Puromycin-Sensitive Aminopeptidase Involved in Apoptosis of PC-3 Cells
Lee, Suk-Hee ; Kim, Hwan-Gyu ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 991~998
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.991
Hypoxia is an indicative of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic biphasic effects, which appear to be dependent upon the cell type and the condition of the cells. The hypoxia-mimetic agent, cobalt chloride (
), has been shown to induce apoptosis in a variety of cell types, but the mechanism by which this occurs has yet to be thoroughly elucidated. Puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase (PSA) gene was decreasingly expressed in response to
. In this report, puromycin pretreatment applied to PC-3 cells resulted in apoptosis. To determine whether PSA is involved in apoptosis, we examined the apoptotic properties of the PC-3 cells after siRNA knockdown of PSA. PSA siRNA-induced PSA silencing revealed that endogenous PSA may be involved in apoptosis of the PC-3 cells. These results indicated that PSA may perform a vital function in cell survival of the PC-3 cells.
β-Glucosidase Recovery from a Solid-State Fermentation System by Aspergillus niger
Chandra, M. Subhosh ; Reddy, B. Rajasekhar ; Choi, Yong-Lark ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 999~1004
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.999
Investigations were carried out on a
-glucosidase produced by Aspergillus niger under solid-state fermentation conditions as a model of enzyme recovery from fermented wheat bran. The leaching efficiency of distilled water to recover the enzyme from the fermented bran was higher than acetate buffer, citrate buffer, citrate-phosphate buffer and 5% methanol; thus, the conditions were further optimized with distilled water as the extracting agent. After fermented bran was washed three times with distilled water for 1.5 hr each under shaking conditions at 1:5 solid to solvent ratio, a maximum recovery of 0.025 U/g of wheat bran was obtained.
Interaction of GAT1 with Ubiquitin-Specific Protease Usp14 in Synaptic Terminal
Seog, Dae-Hyun ; Kim, Sang-Jin ; Joung, Young-Ju ; Yea, Sung-Su ; Park, Yeong-Hong ; Kim, Moo-Seong ; Moon, Il-Soo ; Jang, Won-Hee ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1005~1011
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1005
-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. GABA transporters (GATs) control extracellular GABA levels by reuptake of released GABA from the synaptic cleft. However, how GATs are regulated has not yet been elucidated. Here, we used the yeast two-hybrid system to identify the specific binding protein(s) that interacts with the carboxyl (C)-terminal region of GAT1, the major isoform in the brain and find a specific interaction with the ubiquitin-specific protease 14 (Usp14), a deubiquitinating enzyme. Usp14 protein bound to the tail region of GAT1 and GAT2 but not to other GAT members in the yeast two-hybrid assay. The C-terminal region of Usp14 is essential for interaction with GAT1. In addition, these proteins showed specific interactions in the glutathione S-transferase (GST) pull-down assay. An antibody to GAT1 specifically co-immunoprecipitated Usp14 from mouse brain extracts. These results suggest that Usp14 may regulate the number of GAT1 at the cell surface.
Effect of Obesity and Diabetes on Alzheimer's APP Gene Expression in Mouse Adipose Tissues
Kim, Jin-Woo ; Lee, Yong-Ho ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1012~1018
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1012
The aim of this study was to determine whether Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP) is dysregulated in adipose tissues of C57BL/6 male mice by high-fat diet (HFD) induced obesity, aging, or streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. APP mRNA expression was examined by quantitative real-time PCR (QPCR) in subcutaneous (SAT) and epididymal adipose tissues (EAT) from mice in 8 different condition groups. By combining conditions of age (16 weeks/26 weeks of age), diet (normal diet (ND)/high-fat diet), and induction of diabetes (non-diabetic/diabetic), 88 mice were divided into 8 different groups. QPCR demonstrated that APP expression in SAT was significantly increased by about two-fold in HFD-induced obese mice compared to both 16 week-old and 26 week-old mice in the ND group (16 weeks p=0.001; 26 weeks p<0.0001), but no changes in EAT was found. Particular effects of aging on APP gene expression were not observed in either adipose tissue depots. Significantly decreased APP expression was found in SAT in STZ-induced diabetic mice fed on ND or HFD at 16 weeks of age (ND p<0.05; HFD p<0.01). Linear regression analysis demonstrated that APP expression levels correlated with body weight in both the non-diabetic group (R=0.657, p<0.0001, n=39) and the diabetic group (R=0.508, p=<0.0001, n=49), but did not correlate with plasma glucose levels, which suggests that decreased APP expression in STZ-induced diabetic mice is most likely due to weight loss rather than hyperglycemia. These data confirm APP dysregulation by weight changes in humans and suggest a possible role linking midlife obesity with the later development of amyloidogenesis in the brain of older patients with Alzheimer's disease.
Alteration of Lipid Metabolism Related Proteins in Liver of High-Fat Fed Obese Mice
Seo, Eun-Hui ; Han, Ying ; Park, So-Young ; Koh, Hyong-Jong ; Lee, Hye-Jeong ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1019~1026
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1019
Obesity and being overweight are strongly associated with the development of metabolic disease such as diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia. High-fat diet (HFD) is one of the most important factors which cause obesity. In this study, C57BL/6 mice were treated with a HFD for 22 weeks in order to induce obesity and hyperglycemia. Twenty-two weeks later, body weight and plasma glucose level of the HFD group were significantly increased, compared with the normal diet (ND) group. Intra-peritoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) showed glucose intolerance in the HFD group compared with the ND group. These results confirmed that a HFD induced obesity and hyperglycemia in C57BL/6 mice. Plasma levels of triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) were increased in the HFD group compared with the ND group. Hepatic levels of TG and TC were also increased by a HFD. To investigate the alteration of lipid metabolism in liver, proteins which are related to lipid metabolism were observed. Among lipid synthesis related enzymes, fatty acid synthase (FAS) and glycerol phosphate acyl transferase (GPAT) were significantly increased in the HFD group. Apolipoprotein B (apoB) and microsomal triglyceride transport protein (MTP), which are related to lipid transport, were significantly increased in the HFD group. Interestingly, protein level and phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which is known as a metabolic regulator, were significantly increased in the HFD group compared with the ND group. In the present study we suggest that HFD may physiologically increase the proteins which are related with lipid synthesis and lipid transport, but that HFD may paradoxically induce the activation of AMPK.
The Extracts from Liriope platyphylla Significantly Stimulated Insulin Secretion in the HIT-T15 Pancreatic β-Cell Line
Kim, Ji-Ha ; Kim, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Yoen-Kyung ; Nam, So-Hee ; Her, Youn-Kyung ; Jee, Seoung-Wan ; Kim, Sun-Guen ; Park, Da-Jung ; Choi, Young-Whan ; Hwang, Dae-Youn ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1027~1033
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1027
Liriope platyphylla has traditionally been used in Korea and China as a therapeutic drug for the treatment of coughing, sputum, neurodegenerative disorders, obesity, and diabetes. In an effort to assess the functions of a novel extract from Liriope platyphylla in diabetes therapy, the insulin secretion abilities of 10 extracts were screened via measurements of insulin concentration in the culture supernatant using an Insulin ELISA kit. The results of this assay showed the highest levels of insulin in the LP9M80-H treated group, followed by the LP-H, LP-M, LP-E and LP9M80-C treated groups, whereas other extracts did not induce insulin secretion in the HIT-T15 cells. However, the extracts capable of stimulating insulin secretion simultaneously evidenced high apoptotic activity as compared with other extracts. Therefore, one of these extracts, LP9M80-H, was initially selected as the optimal candidate for a therapeutic drug and its optimal concentration was determined. The results of the ELISA and MTT assay demonstrated that a concentration of approximately 100-125 ug/ml of LP9M80-H was optimal with regards to cell viability and insulin secretion in the HIT-T15 cells. These results suggest that LP9M80-H could be considered as an excellent candidate for a diabetes-therapeutic drug that could induce insulin secretion in pancreatic
The Effect of Aster glehni Fr. Schm. Extracts on Whitening and Anti-Wrinkle
Kim, Han-Hyuk ; Park, Gun-Hye ; Park, Kang-Soo ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Kim, Tae-Hoon ; An, Bong-Jeun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1034~1040
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1034
Plants and their extracts can be utilized as inexpensive and rich resources of active constituents in the cosmetic field, as well as the food, pharmaceutical and medicinal fields. Until now, Aster glehni Fr. Schm. had no known active effect, except on anti-oxidation, that was found during investigations for application in the cosmetic field. In this study, we examined the inhibition of enzymatic reactions to protein levels in inclusive B16F10 melanoma cell lines. Significant inhibition of enzymatic reactions was observed in the EtOAc extract, which advanced to tyrosinase protein and TRP-1 in the B16F10 melanoma cell line. These results indicated that the effect of EtOAc extract inhibited expressions of tyrosinase protein and TRP-1 in the B16F10 melanoma cell line by 30.5% and 41.5% at 100ug/ml respectively. On the other hand, antimicrobial activity was evaluated to the four fractions in normal flora of the skin. Hexane extract was only exhibited in the higher clear zone in all strains. In conclusion, any cosmeceutical effects of Aster glehni Fr. Schm. may have a potential meaning, as well as possible value for further studies regarding the effects of chemical constituents of Aster glehni Fr. Schm.
Ethylenediamine as a Promising and Biodegradable Chelating Agent in Aluminum Phytoremediation
Lee, Sang-Man ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1041~1046
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1041
Phytoextraction is a technique which uses plants to clean up metal-contaminated soils. Recently, various chelating agents were introduced into this technique to increase the bioavailability of metals in soils. Even though the technique is an economic and environment-friendly method, this cannot be applied in highly metal-contaminated areas because plants will not normally grow in such conditions. Therefore, this research focuses on identifying chelating agents which are biodegradable and applicable to highly metal-contaminated areas. Alunimum (Al) as a target metal and cysteine (Cys), histidine (His), citrate, malate, oxalate, succinate, and ethylenediamine (EDA) as biodegradable chelating agents were selected. Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) was used as a comparative standard. Plants were grown on agar media containing various chelating agents with Al to analyze the effect on plant growth. His slightly diminished the inhibitory effect of Al on root growth of plants, whereas, Cys, citrate, malate, oxalate, and succinate did not show significant effects. Both EDTA and EDA strongly diminished the inhibitory effect of Al on root growth. The effect of EDA is correlated with decreased Al uptake into the plants. In conclusion, as a biodegradable chelating agent, EDA is a good candidate for highly Al-contaminated areas.
Effect of Dietary Antibiotic Replacement with Korean Red Pine Bark Extracts in Broiler Diets
Park, Byung-Sung ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1047~1053
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1047
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary Korean red pine bark extract as an antibiotic replacement on cecum microflora, immune functions, blood lipids, carcass characteristics, and growth performance in broiler chickens. There were four treatment groups: a control group, an antibiotic group, and two treatment groups receiving 65 and 80 ppm Korean red pine bark extract. Growth performance, carcass weight, dressing percentage, and breast and thigh muscle weight of the broiler chickens fed 80 ppm of red pine bark extract was higher than the broilers of the control group and the antibiotic group. Abdominal fat was lower in both groups of broiler chickens fed red pine bark extract, but the growth of immune organs such as the thymus, spleen, and bursa of Fabricius was significantly higher in the group that received a diet supplemented with 80 ppm red pine bark extract than in the control group and antibiotic group. Concentrations of triacylglyceride and total cholesterol were significantly lower in both groups that received red pine bark extract when compared to the control group and the antibiotic group. The concentration of serum IgG was significantly higher in the 80 ppm red pine bark extract group than in the control group and the antibiotic group. The numbers of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus in the cecum digesta were significantly increased, while the numbers of Escherichia coli and Salmonella were significantly reduced in the group that received 80 ppm red pine bark extract when compared to the control group and the antibiotic group. These results suggest that the a diet with 80 ppm Korean red pine bark extract as a replacement for antibiotics improve the cecum microflora, immune functions, blood lipids, carcass characteristics and growth performance of broiler chickens.
Transcriptome Analyses for the Anti-Adipogenic Mechanism of an Herbal Composition
Lee, Hae-Yong ; Kang, Ryun-Hwa ; Bae, Sung-Min ; Chae, Soo-Ahn ; Lee, Jung-Ju ; Oh, Dong-Jin ; Park, Suk-Won ; Cho, Soo-Hyun ; Shim, Yae-Jie ; Yoon, Yoo-Sik ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1054~1065
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1054
SH21B is a natural composition composed of seven herbs: Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Prunus armeniaca Maxim, Ephedra sinica Stapf, Acorus gramineus Soland, Typha orientalis Presl, Polygala tenuifolia Willd and Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner (Ratio 3:3:3:3:3:2:2). In our previous study, we reported that SH21B inhibited adipogenesis and fat accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells through modulation of various regulators in the adipogenesis pathway. The aim of this study was to analyze the transcriptome profiles for the anti-adipogenic effects of SH21B in 3T3-L1 cells. Total RNAs from SH21B-treated 3T3-L1 cells were reverse-transcribed into cDNAs and hybridized to Affymetrix Mouse Gene 1.0 ST array. From microarray analyses, we identified 2,568 genes of which expressions were changed more than two-fold by SH21B, and the clustering analyses of these genes resulted in 9 clusters. Three clusters among the 9 showed down-regulation by SH21B (cluster 4, cluster 6 and cluster 9), and two clusters showed up-regulation by SH21B (cluster 7 and cluster 8) during the adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells. It was found that many genes related to cell proliferation and adipogenesis were included in these clusters. Clusters 4, 6 and 9 included genes which were related with adipogenesis induction and cell cycle arrest. Clusters 7 and 8 included genes related to cell proliferation as well as adipogenesis inhibition. These results suggest that the mechanisms of the anti-adipogenic effects of SH21B may be the modulation of genes involved in cell proliferation and adipogenesis.
The Effects of Regulatory Exercise on Adipokines and Inflammatory Reaction in Type 1 Diabetic and Obese Children
Kang, Sung-Hwun ; Shin, Ki-Ok ; Park, So-Young ; Woo, Jin-Hee ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1066~1072
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1066
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise on adipokines and inflammatory reaction in obesity and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) children. We studied obese (OG, n=9), type 1 diabetic (DG, n=9), and normal (NG, n=9) children groups. Measurement factors included body weight, % fat, body mass index (BMI),
, lipid profiles and adipokines. The results showed significant differences in body weight, % fat, BMI, and
(ml/kg/min) among the OG, DG, and NG (p<0.05) groups. There were significant differences in LDL-C and HDL-C between the OG, DG, and NG groups (p<0.05). In addition, adiponectin and retinol binding protein (RBP)-4 were significantly changed in DG and NG after 12 weeks exercise training (p<0.05), and there were also significant differences among the OG, DG, and NG groups (p<0.05). Monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 in the OG, DG, and NG groups was significantly increased after 12 weeks exercise training (p<0.05). In conclusion, regulatory aerobic exercise does not change body composition in obese children with T1DM, but exercise and decreased blood inflammatory factors in T1DM may protect obese children from metabolic syndrome.
Isolation and Managemental Method of Fungi Genera in Raw Water
Park, Hong-Gi ; Jung, Eun-Young ; Cha, Dong-Jin ; Jung, Jong-Moon ; Choi, Jin-Tack ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1073~1077
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1073
Fungi, including allergenic, pathogenic or toxigenic species, may have direct effects on human health, interfere with the disinfection process and maintenance of chlorine residual, and add to taste and odor problems. We surveyed distribution of waterborne fungi from raw water in Busan metropolitan city using the EPA standard method. According to the survey, conducted from March 2008 to October 2008, the number of fungi in raw water was high in September and low in April. Quantitative enumeration of fungi per 100 ml of raw water ranged from 5 to 64 CFU, and a higher number was detected in the Mulgum region compared to the Maeri region. Total fungi numbers highly correlated with pH, water temperature and total coliform in this area. Predominant fungi genera grown in medium were identified as Aspergillus, Penicillum, Histoplasma, Rhizopus, Trichophyton, Mucor and Sporthrix species. Aspergillus flavus and Penicillum notatum were particularly dominant in both areas. There were a total of 6 and 9 species detected in the Mulgum and Maeri regions respectively, and the number of species was more verified in the Maeri region than the Mulgum region.
Residual Consistency and Interrelationship Estimation of PCDDs, PCDFs, Dioxin-like PCBs in Colostrum of Primipara and Multipara
We, Sung-Ug ; Kim, Ki-Ho ; Cho, Yu-Jin ; Cho, Bong-Hui ; Park, Sang-Ah ; Baek, In-Cheon ; Kang, Seong-Hoon ; Yoon, Cho-Hee ; Min, Byung-Yoon ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1078~1085
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1078
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) are bioaccumulative chemicals that are considered to be toxic contaminants based on several epidemiological studies. These chemicals in colostrum were investigated and estimated for their residual consistencies by maternal characteristics like parity and maternal ages. Test subjects were healthy primipara and multipara mothers with a mean age of 31.5 (S.D=3.6) in 2007. Seven isomers of PCDDs, 10 of PCDFs, 4 of non-orthopolychlorinated biphenyls(non-ortho PCBs) and 8 of mono-orthochlorinated polychlorinated biphenyls (mono-ortho PCBs) were analyzed by HRGC/HRMS. From the analyzed data, the mean level of total WHO-TEQs was 9.41 pg TEQ/g lipid, which is significantly lower than the level found in individuals from other countries. The main contributors to the total WHO-TEQs with increasing percentages were 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF, 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD and 3,3',4,4',5-PCB (#126), and they accounted for more than 60% of the total WHO-TEQs. PCDFs concentrations and total WHO-TEQs were negatively associated with parity (p<0.05), and maternal age was positively associated with total WHO-TEQs (p<0.01). However, the associations with body mass index (BMI) and fish intake during pregnancy were not significant. These results were suggested that parity and maternal age are an important factor affecting the concentrations of PCDD/DFs and dl-PCBs in these specimens.
Estimation of Genetic Characteristics and Cumulative Power of Discrimination in Korean Native Chicken and Korean Native Commercial Chicken
Oh, Jae-Don ; Lee, Kun-Woo ; Seo, Ok-Suk ; Cho, Byung-Wook ; Jeon, Gwang-Joo ; Lee, Hak-Kyo ; Kong, Hong-Sik ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1086~1092
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1086
To estimate the genetic characteristics and cumulative power of discrimination (CPD) within Korean native commercial chicken, we used a total of 395 genomic DNAs from six breeds population (Korean Native Red chicken: R, Korean Native Yellow chicken: Y, Korean native Commercial Chicken: C, Ogal chicken: S, Hy-Line Brown: H, White Leghorn: W). Genetic diversity indices including mean allele number among loci, unbiased heterozygosity (
) within locus, effective number of alleles (
) and polymorphism information content (PIC) as well as the unbiased average heterozygosity (H) among loci in the populations were calculated using the generated allele frequencies by each marker. Frequencies of microsatellites markers were used to estimate heterozygosities and genetic distances. The nearest distance (0.119) was observed between the C and Y strains. The generated unbiased average heterozygosity among loci in each population was integrated to the global formula of CPD and the result demonstrated that the CPD within the six chicken populations was 99.461%.
Novel Function of Lycopene in Vascular Endothelial Cell
Cho, Jin-Gu ; Kim, Sung-Hyen ; Seo, Jeong-Hwa ; Ahn, Sun-Young ; Jeong, Eun-Sil ; Park, Heon-Yong ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1093~1099
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1093
Little is known about the cardiovascular effects of Lycopene, an anti-cancer and anti-oxidative agent. In this study, we executed a series of experiments with vascular endothelial cells to disclose the cardiovascular functions of lycopene. From our in vitro experiments, lycopene was determined to act as a stimulant to induce endothelial cell proliferation and migration. In addition, lycopene was shown to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced adhesion of THP-1 leukocytes to endothelial cells, as well as activating mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) family members, ERK, JNK and p38 MAPK. Both ERK and p38 MAPK were involved in lycopene-induced cell proliferation, while JNK was involved in lycopene-dependent cell migration. Taken together, lycopene activates MAPK family members which regulate cell proliferation and migration. Lycopene differentially blocks LPS-dependent adhesion for THP-1 to endothelial cells, indicating that lycopene is likely to regulate a variety of vascular functions.
Effects of Hatha Yoga Exercise on Serum Leptin and Metabolic Syndrome Factors in Menopause Obese Middle-Aged Women
Lee, Jeong-Ah ; Kim, Do-Yeon ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1100~1106
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1100
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of Hatha Yoga exercise on serum leptin and metabolic syndrome factors in obese and menopausal middle-aged women. The subjects were 26 obese women divided into the Hatha Yoga exercise group (n=13), which trained for 16 weeks, and the Control group (n=13). Variables of body composition, serum leptin and metabolic syndrome factors were measured in all the subjects before and after the 16-week Hatha Yoga training. The results of the study in the Hatha Yoga group were as follows: body weight, % fat, BMI, WC, WHR and VFA had significantly decreased, but SMM had increased. HDL-C had significantly increased, but leptin, TC, TG, LDL-C, insulin, glucose and HOMA-IR had decreased. The main variables affecting changes in VFA were % body fat, BMI, WHR, TC, LDL-C, glucose, and HOMA-IR. Therefore, regular and continuous Hatha Yoga exercise was effective in improving body composition, visceral fat and serum lipids. Consequently, Hatha Yoga exercise will be effective in preventing cardiovascular disease caused by obesity in obesew and menopausal middle-age women.
Effect of Alkaline Ionized Water on Stabilization of Antioxidation, Antithrombosis and Antibacterial Activities
Ahn, Seon-Mi ; Kang, Mee-A ; Kim, Moo-In ; Sohn, Ho-Yong ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1107~1112
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1107
In this study, the stable maintenance of bioactivity in alkaline ionized water (AIW) and antibacterial effects of AIW were evaluated to confirm benefits of AIW. As controls, purified water (PW) and tap drinking water (DW) were used. The pH and ORP (oxidation-reduction potential) of AIW, PW and DW used were 9.5 and 120 mV, 7.2 and 144 mV, and 7.3 and 564 mV, respectively. High level of minerals was observed in DW (DW>AIW>PW of mineral contents). Concentrations of
in DW were 14.5, and 8.4 mg/l, respectively, while no
were detected in PW. Evaluation of antioxidant activities for AIW, PW and DW showed that the waters did not act as antioxidants. However, the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl) or superoxide radical scavenging activities or reducing power of vitamin C were stably maintained in AIW and PW, though not in DW, against heat treatment (
) or vigorous shaking (120 rpm) at
. Similarly, after aspirin treatment at
for 1 hr, the antithrombosis activity in PW and AIW was 62.6% and 55.3%, while that of DW was 52.1%. Furthermore, cell growth analysis and viable cell count of Escherichia coli H7:O157 in PW, AIW and DW showed that AIW and DW, not DW, have antibacterial activities. Our results suggest that the state of water, for example pH, ORP and mineral contents of water, should be considered in medicine or food industries, and that AIW has high potential for utilization in various fields.
The Hypoglycemic Effect of Complex of Chinese Traditional Herbs (CTH) and Macelignan in Type 2 Diabetic Animal Model
Yeo, Ji-Young ; Cho, Soo-In ; Jung, Myeong-Ho ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1113~1120
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1113
This study investigated the efficacy of macelignan and hot water with Chinese traditional herb (CTH) extract on altering severe diabetic conditions in C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice. Previously, the anti-diabetic effects of macelignan were partly reported as a PPAR
-dual agonist. Here, we futher studied whether a combination of macelignan and CTH had more beneficial effects or not. The macelignan and CTH compound significantly decreased fasting blood glucose and HbA1c compared to macelignan-treated mice, and also significantly improved postprandial glucose, insulin sensitivity, and plasma lipid profiles (FFA, and TG). On the other hand, insulin levels were not significantly changed compared to the diabetic control group. There were no significant changes in the concentrations of total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol, but there were changes in HTR and AI. These results suggest that the macelignan and CTH compound ameliorates hyperglycemia and efficiently improves postprandial glucose, insulin sensitivity, and hyperlipidemia compared with macelignan in db/db mice. Moreover, the macelignan and CTH compound seems to be more potent in affecting diabetic complications than macelignan.
Protective Effect of Prunella spica Extracts against H
-Induced Cytotoxicity in PC12 Cells
Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Lee, Jeung-Min ; Moon, Seong-Hee ; Park, Hae-Ryong ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1121~1126
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1121
The oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) may play an important role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of methanolic extracts of Prunella Spica (PSE) against
-induced oxidative stress in PC12 cells. The cells exposed to
-induced oxidative stress were treated with various concentrations of PSE; this treatment resulted in the induction of a dose-dependent protective effect, which was evidenced by the results of MTT reduction assay, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay, morphological assay, and colony-formation assay. Interestingly, we also observed reduction of apoptotic bodies in the Hoechst staining and flow cytometric analysis. These data show that apoptosis was significantly suppressed in the PC12 cells that were exposed to
-induced oxidative stress and treated with PSE. These results suggest that Prunella Spica could be a new potential protective agent against
-induced oxidative stress.
Variation of Characteristics and Photosynthetic Rates among the Species of Leaf Mustard (Brassica juncea)
Lee, In-Ho ; Park, Jong-In ; Jung, Gun-Ho ; Nou, Ill-Sup ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1127~1133
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1127
The total photosynthetic rate in leaf mustard lines, which was calculated as the sum of the photosynthetic rate and the respiration rate, was not significantly different from their photosynthetic rate. Plant height, standing of rosetteness, showed a similar change to its specific leaf area (SLA). With increasing the plant height, leaf density increased and leaf color was lighter. It was found that shoot dry weight of leaf mustard was more affected by respiration. Also, it was hypothesized that respiration occurred not only in the leaf but also the stem. It was found that mustard lines whose leaf density was low showed a higher shoot growth. From this result, it was concluded that selection of a leaf mustard line with a larger SLA and lower leaf thickness could be effective in increasing photosynthetic rate.
Effects of Powders of Soybean and Doenjang on Cholesterol Level and Antioxidant Activities in Rats Fed with a High Cholesterol Diet
Lee, Jae-Joon ; Kim, Ah-Ra ; Lee, Hwan ; Kim, Cheol-Ho ; Chang, Hae-Choon ; Lee, Myung-Yul ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1134~1142
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1134
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of powders of autoclaved soy flour and doenjang fermented using Bacillus subtilis DJI on lipid profiles and antioxidative activities of rats fed a high cholesterol diet. Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing 200~210 g were divided into four groups: normal diet group (N), high cholesterol diet group (HC), autoclaved soy flour and high cholesterol diet group (SHC), and doenjang and high cholesterol diet group (DHC). The serum ALT, AST and ALP activities of the SHC and DHC groups were lower than those of the HC group, but exerted no significant change on serum LDH activity. Serum triglyceride, total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol levels were markedly decreased by autoclaved soy flour and doenjang administration, while the serum HDL-cholesterol level was higher in groups given autoclaved soy flour and doenjang administration. The GSH-Px and catalase activities in liver elevated by a high cholesterol diet were significantly decreased by autoclaved soy flour and doenjang administration (p<0.05). Liver GSH levels of the SHC and DHC groups were significantly decreased compared to the HC group (p<0.05). Liver TBARS level was significantly decreased in the DHC group fed with doenjang powder compared with those of the HC group (p<0.05). These results suggest that soy flour and doenjang may reduce levels of serum cholesterol and prevent oxidative stress by stimulating antioxidative systems in rats fed a high cholesterol diet.
Antibacterial Activity of Oriental Medicinal Herb Extracts against Skin Pathogens
Yu, Young-Eun ; Park, Eun-Young ; Jung, Dae-Hwa ; Byun, Sung-Hui ; Kim, Sang-Chan ; Park, Sung-Min ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 20, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1143~1150
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2010.20.7.1143
The antibacterial activity of methanol extracts from 70 kinds of oriental medicinal herbs on four strains of Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermidis was investigated. The results showed that C. japonica, C. sappan, R. javanica, R. tanguticum, and S. miltiorrhiza had an antibacterial activity on all the strains used. Among these, C. japonica and R. javanica, which showed excellent antibacterial activity, were extracted with water, ethanol, methanol, and ethyl acetate for further study of antibacterial activities. The results showed that the boiled water extract of C. japonica had the best antibacterial activity. Assuming that the antibacterial activity of C. japonica originated from berberine, which has been reported many times, the berberine content of the boiled water extract of C. japonica was analyzed and the result was 13.88%. To compare the antibacterial activity of berberine with that of other antibiotics, berberine chloride and three other kinds of antibiotics were investigated, which showed that berberine chloride had an antibacterial activity on KCCM 35494 S. epidermidis only when the concentration was higher than 600 mg/l, and it did not show antibacterial activity in the other strains. Based on these results, it was concluded that the antibacterial activity of the boiled water extract of C. japonica on the strains used in this study originated from high concentration of berberine or substances other than berberine. Therefore, identification of the substance will be necessary.