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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Life Science
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Korean Society of Life Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 22, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 22, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 22, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 22, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 22, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 22, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
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Effects of Opuntia humifusa Supplementation on Lipid Peroxidation and SOD Protein Expression in the Liver, Kidney, and Skeletal Muscle of Rats Fed a High-fat Diet
Kwon, Dae-Keun ; Kang, Jun-Yong ; Park, Jin-Ho ; Ryu, Sung-Pil ; Song, Young-Ju ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 857~862
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.857
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Opuntia humifusa supplementation on lipid peroxidation and superoxide dismutase (SOD) protein expression at resting state in various organs of rats fed a high-fat diet. Sixteen Sprague-Dawley male rats, 6 weeks of age, were randomly divided into two groups: a control diet group (CG, n=8) and an experimental diet group (EG, n=8). They were given a high-fat diet (CG) or a diet supplemented with 5% of O. humifusa (EG) for 8 weeks. The results showed that the malondialdehyde (MDA) levels of the kidney and the liver were significantly lower in the EG group than in the CG group (p<0.01). In addition, the MDA levels in the skeletal muscle of the EG group tended to be lower than those in the CG group, but this difference was not significant. The Cu, Zn-SOD protein expression in the kidney of the EG group was significantly increased compared with that of the CG group (p<0.01). The Mn-SOD protein expression in the skeletal muscle of the EG group was significantly increased compared with that of the CG group (p<0.01). These results suggest that O. humifusa supplementation has antioxidative properties, which are exerted in a specific organ manner, and that it inhibits the action of lipid peroxidation and the expression of SOD in rats fed a high-fat diet.
Rhodopsin Chromophore Formation and Thermal Stabilities in the Opsin Mutant E134Q/M257Y
Kim, Jong-Myoung ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 863~870
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.863
Rhodopsin, a dim light photoreceptor, has been regarded as one of the model systems for the structural and functional study of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Constitutively active mutant GPCRs leading to the activation of heterotrimeric GDP/GTP-binding protein signaling in the absence of ligand binding are of interest for the study of the activation mechanism in GPCRs. The present study focused on the opsin mutant E134Q/M257Y, which showed a moderate level of constitutive activity and the formation of two distinct rhodopsin chromophores with absorption maxima of 500 nm and 380 nm, depending on the presence of an inverse agonist, 11-cis-retinal, and an agonist, all-trans-retinal, respectively. Reconstitution of the mutant rhodopsin upon incubation with different ratios of 11-cis-retinal and the all-trans-retinal, as well as upon sequential binding of the two retinals, indicated its preferential binding to 11-cis-retinal. The thermal stability of the 11-cis-retinal-bound form of the E134Q/M257Y mutant was lower than that of the mutants containing a single replacement but higher than that of the all-trans-retinal-bound forms. The mutant also showed a lower stability in its opsin state as compared with that of the wild-type opsin but had little effects on the binding affinity to 11-cis-retinal. Information obtained in this study will be helpful for analyzing the structural changes associated with the activation of rhodopsin and GPCRs.
Frequency of Spontaneous Polyploids in Monoembryonic Jeju Native Citrus Species and Some Mandarin Cultivars
Chae, Chi-Won ; Yun, Su-Hyun ; Park, Jae-Ho ; Kim, Min-Ju ; Koh, Sang-Wook ; Song, Kwan-Jeong ; Lee, Dong-Hun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 871~879
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.871
Polyploids are a potentially important germplasm source in seedless citrus breeding program. Seedlessness is one of the most promising traits of commercial mandarin breeds that mandarin triploid hybrids possess permanently. The formation of new constant triploid hybrids can be recovered through diploid species hybridization from the fusion of divalent gametes at low frequencyor intra-and inter-ploidy crosses. However, extensive breeding work based on small
hybrid seeds developed is impossible without a very effective aseptic methodology and ploidy event. In this study, in vitro embryo culture was employed to recover natural hybrids from monoembryonic diploid, open-pollinated mandarin. Flow cytometry was used to determine ploidy level. A total of 10,289 seeds were extracted from 792 fruits having approximately 13 seeds per fruit. Average frequency of small seeds developed was 7.1%, while the average frequency of small seeds per fruit were: 8.9% for 'Clementine' 10.2% for 'Harehime' 2.6% for 'Kamja' 3.1% for 'Pyunkyool' 2.8% for 'Sadookam' and 7.0% for 'Wilking' mandarin. Average size of a perfect seed was
('Clementine') while the small seed measured
('Clementine'), which was about 1/6 smaller than the perfect seed. In total, 731 small seeds were obtained and all of them contained only one embryo per seed. The efficiency of 'Clementine' was 14 times higher than 'Wilking' and more than 109 times higher than 'Pyunkyool'. The basic information on spontaneous polyploidy provides for the hybridization of constant triploids and increases the efficiency of conventional cross.
Effects of Dietary Inuloprebiotics on Egg Production and on the Microbial Ecology and Blood Lipid Profile of Laying Hens
Park, Sang-Oh ; Park, Byung-Sung ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 880~888
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.880
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of inuloprebiotics (INPs), an alternative antibacterial growth promotor, from Jerusalem artichoke extract (Helianthus tuberosus L.) on egg production and quality in Hyline brown laying hens. The hens were divided randomly into four treatment groups and housed in individual cages for 10 weeks: a control group (0 ppm INP) (T1), 450 ppm (T2), 600 ppm (T3), and 750 ppm (T4). Egg production, egg weight, Haugh unit, eggshell thickness, and breaking strength were significantly higher in all of the INP-treated groups compared with the control (p<0.05). Egg cholesterol was highest in the T1 group and decreased with INP addition from 15.04 to 17.98% (p<0.05). Compared with the T1 group, triglycerides in the blood and in total cholesterol decreased significantly in groups T2, T3, and T4 by 21.71-24.07% and 27.17-30.36%, respectively (p<0.05). The growth of cecum Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus was stimulated in groups T2, T3, and T4 compared with T1, whereas the growth of Escherichia and Salmonella was clearly inhibited (p<0.05). The results suggest that the addition of 450 ppm INP to the diet of laying hens can improve egg production and egg quality.
Whitening Effect of Hizikia fusiformis Ethanol Extract and Its Fractions
Jeon, Myong-Je ; Kim, Mi-Hyang ; Jang, Hye-Ji ; Lee, Seung-Woo ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ; Kim, Hyung-Suk ; Lee, Sang-Hyeon ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 889~896
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.889
Melanin synthesis is catalyzed by tyrosinase. To investigate the whitening effect of Hizikia fusiformis, fractions from ethanol extract of H. fusiformis were prepared by a systematic fractionation procedure with solvents such as methanol, hexane, butanol, and
. The ethanol extract and its fractions were then subjected to evaluate the inhibitory effects on the tyrosinase activity and melanin synthesis in murine B16F10 melanoma cells. The ethanol extract and aqueous fraction exhibited a whitening effect with no cytotoxicity. The ethanol extract showed the highest whitening effect among the samples. The inhibitory effect of
of ethanol extract was higher than that of
of arbutin, but it was lower than that of
of kojic acid. Furthermore, the inhibitory effects of
of methanol, hexane, butanol, and aqueous fractions were similar to those of
of arbutin. The antioxidant activities were examined by comparing the results with that of ascorbic acid as a positive control. The ethanol extract and aqueous fraction showed relatively higher DPPH radical-scavenging activities compared with the other samples. Furthermore,
of ethanol extract and aqueous fraction diminished LPS-induced iNOS expression to 82 and 80%, respectively. These results suggest that ethanol extract and aqueous fraction of H. fusiformis could be used as cosmetic ingredients for whitening and skin protection effects.
Effects of Different Physical Frequency on Food-Dependent Exercise Induced Allergy Anaphylaxis (FDEIA) and Related Mechanisms
Kim, Cheol-Woo ; Kwak, Yi-Sub ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 897~903
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.897
Food allergies have become a serious health concern in the past two decades, especially in developed countries. Foods associated with allergies include vegetables, some fruits, shellfish, wheat, egg, chicken, and nuts. To describe the specific fundamentals, etiological factors, and clinical manifestations, we analyzed the different physical frequency on spleen index in sensitized and regular exercise-trained mice. We also conducted a proliferation assay of lymphocytes to OVA, ROS, ASAS, and we determined the cytokine levels. Female BALB/c mice were bred in the animal laboratory of the P and D university under controlled conditions (
, RH 45-55%, and a 12-hour photoperiod). The animals were 6 weeks old at the start of the study and were fed a standard commercial chow diet from 09:00 to 15:00 for the 8-week study period. All animals had access to distilled deionized water ad libitum. They were divided into four groups: a control group (S; control sensitized, n=25), a low-frequency training group (F2, n=25), a mid-frequency training group (F3, n=25), and a high-frequency training group (F5, n=25) following the treatment of exercise time per week. The results were as follows: The mice spleen index showed the highest grade in the F5 group compared with the other groups; this level showed in an exercise frequency-dependent manner. In the proliferation assay of OVA, the F5 group showed the highest grade compared with the other groups; this level was also showed in an exercise frequency-dependent manner. Peritoneal ROS and ASAS showed a statistically significant increase in the F5 group and decreased in the F2 group compared with the S group. However, there were no significant differences in the F3 group. The highest level of IL-4 was found in the F5 group compared with the other groups. However, the highest level of INF-
was in the F2 group. The results suggest that FDEIA is positively correlated with the frequency of exercise due to the direct effect of physical exercise on peritoneal ROS and the cytokine profile. Further research is needed on the specific mechanism underlying the combined effects of exercise intensity and frequency on physical-induced allergy anaphylaxis.
The Effects of Yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius) Extract on Pancreatic Fibrosis in the Rat
Choi, Nan-Hee ; Kim, Jong-Bong ; Kim, Jin-Teak ; Park, In-Sick ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 904~911
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.904
Yacon has been used in folk medicines as a medicinal tea for hypoglycemia treatment. In a recent study described herein, antioxidative, antibacterial, antifungal activities, and cell-protective functions of yacon leaves have been reported. To evaluate the effects on fibrosis on pancreatitis, the efficacy of 1% of yacon extract (YE) on dibutyltin dichloride (DBTC) (8 mg/kg)-induced pancreatitis in rats was examined. On the 21st day after the DBTC treatment, a large increase in collagen was observed in the pancreas in the DBTC-treatment group (DT). But this was noticeably decreased with YE. In relation to the expression of COX-2, there was no response or a very weak response in the pancreas of the control group (CON). However, in DT, strong expression of COX-2 was observed in the pancreas on the 14th day, and COX-2 was present in inflammatory cells in the pancreas of the DT, especially on the 21st day. The expression was decreased for YE compared with DT. A remarkable increase in TGF-
expression was observed in inflammatory cells in the pancreas in DT on the 21st day, whereas the expression was not found in YE after 21 days. However, on the 21th day, TGF-
expression was increased in acinar cells of YE compared with DT. VEGF expression was very similar to the expression of in the pancreas. These results suggest that YE has an inhibitory effect on DBTC-induced pancreatic fibrosis.
Characterization of Cellulase and Xylanase from Bacillus subtilis NC1 Isolated from Environmental Soil and Determination of Its Genes
Park, Chang-Su ; Kang, Dae-Ook ; Choi, Nack-Shick ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 912~919
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.912
A Bacillus sp. strain producing celluase and xylanase was isolated from environmental soil with LB agar plate containing carboxymethylcellulose (CM-cellulose) and beechwood xylan stained with trypan blue as substrates, respectively. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence and API 50 CHL test, the strain was identified as B. subtilis and named B. subtilis NC1. The cellulase and xylanase from B. subtilis NC1 exhibited the highest activities for CM-cellulose and beechwood xylan as substrate, respectively, and both enzymes showed the maximum activity at pH 5.0 and
. We cloned and sequenced the genes for cellulase and xylanase from genomic DNA of the B. subtilis NC1 by the shot-gun cloning method. The cloned cellulase and xylanase genes consisted of a 1,500 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a 499 amino acid protein with a calculated molecular mass of 55,251 Da and a 1,269 bp ORF encoding a 422 amino acid protein with a calculated molecular mass of 47,423 Da, respectively. The deduced amino acid sequences from the genes of cellulase and xylanase showed high identity with glycosyl hydrolases family (GH) 5 and 30, respectively.
Inhibitory Effects of Various Mulberry Fruits (Morus alba L.) on Related Enzymes to Adult Disease
Chae, Jung-Woo ; Park, Hye-Jin ; Kang, Sun-Ae ; Cha, Won-Seup ; Ahn, Dong-Hyun ; Cho, Young-Je ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 920~927
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.920
The objective of this research was to develop the functional material of water and 60% ethanol extracts from nine kinds of mulberry fruits (Morus alba L.) that influence the inhibitory activity on angiotensin-converting enzyme, xanthine oxidase,
-glucosidase. The total phenolic contents in the water extracts were over 2 mg/g in two species (Cheongilppong and Kangwon III) and five species (Daeyoupchosaeng, Cheongilppong, Kangwon III, Hihak, and Cataneo) of 60% ethanol extracts. The inhibitory activity against the angiotensin-converting enzyme was determined with them. Baekwoon III was
in the water extracts, and Hihak was
in the 60% ethanol extracts. The inhibitory activity of Kuksang 20 against xanthin oxidase was about 10% in the water extracts, and Cataneo was
in the 60% ethanol extracts. Six of the species (Daeyoupchosaeng, Suwonppong, Cheongilppong, Kangwon III, Hihak, and Kuksang 20) in the water extracts showed inhibitory activities against
-amylase, as 100%, respectively. The inhibitory activity of
-glucosidase was determined for these nine species. Four species (Baekwoon III, Daeyoupchosaeng, Cheongilppong, Kangwon III, Hihak, and Kuksang 20) in the water extracts and three species (Daechoukmyeun, Kangwon III, and Kuksang 20) in the 60% ethanol extracts showed inhibition of over 20%. The results revealed strong biological activity in spite of little total phenolic contents. These water and 60% ethanol extracts with high-quality biological activity from various mulberry fruits (Morus alba L.) are expected to represent good candidates for the development of antihypertentive and antidiabetes sources.
Physicochemical Characteristics of Ground Pork with Safflower Seed Powder as an Animal Fat Replacer
Park, Kyung-Sook ; Choi, Young-Joon ; Moon, Yoon-Hee ; Park, Hyun-Suk ; Kim, Min-Ju ; Jung, In-Chul ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 928~935
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.928
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of the addition of safflower seed (Carthamus tinctorius L.) on the physicochemical properties of ground pork as an animal fat replacer. Three types of ground pork were evaluated: 20% pork fat added (control), 10% pork fat and 10% safflower seed powder added (10% SS), and 20% safflower seed powder added (20% SS). The moisture, protein, and ash contents were highest in 20% SS, and the fat content was highest in the control (p<0.05). The cooking yield, moisture retention, fat retention, and water-holding capacity were highest in 20% SS, and the control showed a reduction in the diameter (p<0.05). The external and internal L-, a-, and b-values of the control were higher than those of the 10% SS and the 20% SS (p<0.05). The cholesterol content of the control, the 10% SS, and the 20% SS was 50.85, 21.77, and 17.91 mg/100 g, respectively, and that of the 20% SS was lowest among the samples (p<0.05). The linoleic acid content of the control, the 10% SS, and the 20% SS was 28.68%, 41.04%, and 54.26%, respectively. The total unsaturated fatty acid content of the control, the 10% SS, and the 20% SS was 50.53%, 55.76%, and 64.93%, respectively. The linoleic acid and the total unsaturated fatty acid content were highest in the 20% SS (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in amino acid composition.
Effect of Fruit Extract of Prunus mume on the Scavenging Activity of Reactive Oxygen Species and Melanin Production in B16F1 Cells
Park, Hyeong-Joon ; Kim, Moon-Moo ; Oh, Yung-Hee ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 936~942
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.936
Prunus mume has been traditionally used as a medicinal food in Korea, Japan, and China. In particular, this fruit has been reported to have beneficial biological effects on gastritis and gastric ulcers. However, its action in relation to skin whitening has remained unclear. Accordingly, the effects of fruit extract of P. mume related to antioxidation and skin whitening were examined in this study. First, using the MTT assay, it was observed that fruit extract of P. mume below 0.1% has no cytotoxicity in B16-F1 cells as a result of cell viability. Second, the direct scavenging effects and the reducing power of the fruit extract of P. mume were evaluated in vitro on DPPH radicals, hydrogen peroxide, and superoxide. It exhibited high reducing power and scavenging activity on the aforementioned reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, we found that its protective effect against genomic DNA damage related to oxidative stress was increased in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, the fruit extract of P. mume had an inhibitory effect on melanin production induced by L-dopa. In addition, it reduced the expression level of NRF-2, SOD-1, and SOD-2 related to antioxidation in western blot analysis. These results suggest that fruit extract of P. mume could exert a whitening effect through inhibition of melanin production by its antioxidant effect.
Charactrization of Biological Activities of Rehmannia glutinosa Extracts
Cho, Young-Je ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 943~949
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.943
The content phenolic compounds in extracts from Rehmannia glutinosa was the highest in 40% ethanol extracts as
. DPPH scavenging activity of R. glutinosa extracts was high in water extracts and 40% ethanol extracts as 85~93%, ABTS radical cation decolorization of water extracts and 40% ethanol extracts was about the same as 55~62%, antioxidant protection factor (PF) was confirmed in water extracts and 40% ethanol extracts as 1.6~1.9 PF, and TBARs of water extracts and 40% ethanol extracts were concluded to have the similar antioxidant effects. The hypertension inhibitory activity of water extracts and 40% ethanol extracts from R. glutinosa indicated the activities as 87.2% and 81.1%, anti-gout activity was determined very low in R. glutinosa extracts and antimicrobial activity against skin microorgasm was confirmed, and tyrosinase inhibitory activity was determined as 70.2% in 40% ethanol extracts, it was expected the whitening effects in 40% ethanol extracts. The elastase inhibitory activity which are related to the wrinkle cause was observed in water extracts and 40% ethanol extracts as 76.2% and 57.2%. The hyaluronidase inhibitory activity to R. glutinosa extracts was observed weakly in only 40% ethanol extracts of
phenolic content as 5.1%.
Antioxidant and Antiobesity Activity of Solvent Fractions from Red Garlic
Hwang, Cho-Rong ; Shin, Jung-Hae ; Kang, Min-Jung ; Lee, Soo-Jung ; Sung, Nak-Ju ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 950~957
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.950
Development of garlic processing products by thermal treatment and researched biological activity of a new product, red garlic. Red garlic MeOH extract was graduated by solvents, such as hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water, in order. Each solvent fraction was dried by a rotary evaporator and then resolved in water for analysis of its antioxidant and antiobesity activity. Browning compounds of red garlic fractions were the highest in the chloroform fraction. Total phenolic compounds and flavonoid content were highest in the hexane fraction. The chloroform fraction showed significantly higher activity in DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging activity, and antioxidant activity by FRAP. We propose that the antioxidant activity of the solvent fractions from red garlic was revealed interaction of browning compounds, total phenolic compounds, and flavonoids. Due to the higher activity of the shown fraction, the hexane and the chloroform fractions were have high contents of these compounds. Below
, pancreatic lipase inhibition activity was significantly increased by sample concentration. And chloroform fraction, have the highest inhibition activity was shown over the 40%. In 3T3-L1 cells, the lipid accumulation inhibition activity was lower in the hexane and in the chloroform fraction than in the other fractions.
Effect of Artemisia capillaris Extracts on Antioxidant Activity and Allergic Dermatitis
Kim, Jong-Myeung ; Shin, Yong-Kyu ; Kim, Byung-Oh ; Kim, Jong-Kuk ; Lee, Sang-Han ; Kim, Young-Sup ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 958~963
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.958
The antioxidant activities of 6 solvent extracts of Artemisia capillaris were evaluated in a dintroflurobenzen (DNFB)-induced allergic mouse model. In vitro antioxidant activities were determined using DPPH and the FRAP test. Methanol (DPPH: 85.87%, FRAP: 1.772) and
(DPPH: 60.69%, FRAP: 3.185) extracts showed the highest antioxidant activities compared with other solvents (ethyl acetate 41.81%, 0.407, hexane 8.37%, 0.328, etc.). In addition, we tested atopic dermatitis (AD)-like skin lesions in mice treated with DNFB. The methanol extract of A. capillaris on the AD-like skin lesions in DNFB-induced atopy inhibited ear thickness increases (47%) and the skin lesions (45%) compared with a positive control (methanol). The results suggest that they have potential as natural antioxidants and allergy-improving substances and that they may be valuable materials in the functional food or cosmeceutical industry.
Genistein Suppresses TPA-Induced Matrix Metalloproteinases Activity and Cell Invasion in Human Breast Adenocarcinoma Cells
Choi, Yung-Hyun ; Kim, Sung-Ok ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 964~969
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.964
Genistein, a predominant isoflavone, has been shown to inhibit the growth of various cancer cells in vitro and in vivo without toxicity to normal cells. In the present study, we investigated the effects of genistein on the activity and the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast adenocarcinoma cells. Our findings showed that MMP-9 and -2 activation was significantly increased in response to 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA). However, the increased activities of MMP-9 and -2 in TPA-treated cells were concentration-dependently inhibited by treatment with genistein, and this was also correlated with a decrease in the expression of their mRNA and proteins. In addition, a matrigel invasion assay showed that genistein reduced TPA-induced invasion of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. Although further in vivo studies are needed, these results suggest that genistein treatment may inhibit tumor cell invasion and, therefore, act as a dietary source to decrease the risk of cancer metastasis.
Genetic Diversity of Culturable Endophytic Fungi Isolated from Halophytes Naturally Growing in Muan Salt Marsh
You, Young-Hyun ; Yoon, Hyeok-Jun ; Seo, Yeong-Gyo ; Kim, Mi-Ae ; Kang, Myung-Suk ; Kim, Chang-Mu ; Ha, Sang-Chul ; Cho, Ga-Youn ; Kim, Jong-Guk ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 970~980
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.970
Native halophytes, such as Suaeda maritima, Limonium tetragonum, S. japonica, Zoysia sinica, and Phragmites australis were collected from the Muan salt marsh. Ninety endophytic fungi were isolated from the roots of the collected halophytes. Molecular insights inferred by internal transcribed spacer containing ITS1, 5.8s, and the ITS2 region showed that all the fungal strains belong to ten orders, i.e., Capnodiales (4.44%), Cystofilobasidiales (1.11%), Dothideales (3.33%), Eurotiales (53.33%), Glomerellales (3.33%), Hypocreales (8.89%), Mucorales (1.11%), Pleosporales (15.56%), Sordariales (1.11%), and Trichosphaeriales (1.11%). The rest (6.67%) of all fungal isolates were not identified. Ninety fungal strains were confirmed at the genus level, containing Acremonium, Alternaria, Aspergillus, Aureobasidium, Cephalosporium, Chaetomium, Cladosporium, Colletotrichum, Cryptococcus, Didymella, Dothideomycete, Emericellopsis, Epicoccum, Eupenicillium, Fusarium, Gibberella, Gongronella, Macrophoma, Microsphaeropsis, Nigrospora, Paecilomyces, Paraconiothyrium, Penicillium, Phaeomyces, Phoma, Pleosporales, Purpureocillium, and Talaromyces. Of all the endophytic fungi identified from the various halophytes, Aspergillus and Penicillium of Eurotiales had the highest abundance.
Volatile Flavor Components in Green Tea Blended with Parched Naked Barley
Choi, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 981~986
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.981
To produce a new tea with a good flavor and functional properties using green tea of low quality, naked barley and barley were selected to blend with the green tea. The simultaneous distillation extraction method (SDE) using Likens and Nickerson's extraction apparatus was used to extract the volatile flavor compounds from the samples. The concentrated flavor extracts were analyzed and identified by GC and GC-MS. The GC patterns of the flavor components in two parched barleys were very different. The main volatile flavor components in two of the samples were alkyl pyrazines. Compounds including 3-methylbutanal, 2-methylbutanal, dihydro-2-methyl-3(2H)-furanone, 2,5-dimethyl pyrazine, and 3-ethyl-2.5-dimethyl pyrazine were isolated from the naked barley. Compounds including thiophenes, thiazoles, sulfides, and pyrroles with burnt odor were isolated from the barley. The parched naked barley was better than barley for adding to green tea. The main aroma components of the green tea blended with the naked barley were hexanol, hexanal, trans-2-hexenal,
-ionone, alkyl pyrazines, 3-methylbutanal, 2-methylbutanal, and furfural.
Evaluation of the Resistance of Mungbean Lines to Sprout Rot Caused by Pseudomonas species
Velusamy, Vijayanand ; Park, Eui-Ho ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 22, issue 7, 2012, Pages 987~990
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2012.22.7.987
Mungbean sprout rot is one of the most serious problems of the commercial mungbean sprout industry. In this study, 70 strains of mungbean sprout rot pathogens were isolated from rotten sprouts at different time intervals. The pathogenicity of the isolated pathogens was tested. The highly pathogenic strain (YV-St-033) was identified as Pseudomonas sp. by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. In phylogenetic analysis, the YV-St-033 strain was grouped with P. mosselii, P. putita, P. fluorescens, P. entomophila, and P. lecoglossicida. The results of the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that the YV-St-033 strain shared the highest sequence identity (more than 99%) with the P. mosselii R10 strain. The mungbean lines of Yeungnam University germplasm were screened against the YV-St-033 strain. Based on the growth rate of the sprouts after 3 days of inoculation with the pathogen, the YV148 line was highly resistant to the pathogen. The remaining lines were either partially or fully infected. The highly resistant line YV 148 is suitable for future breeding programs due to their thin sprouts and fast growing nature.