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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Life Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Life Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 23, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 23, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 23, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 23, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 23, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 23, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Genetic Relationship of Apple Varieties using Microsatellite Markers
Hong, Jee-Hwa ; Kwon, Yong-Sham ; Choi, Keun-Jin ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 721~727
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.721
The objective of this study was to evaluate the suitability of microsatellite markers for variety identification in 42 apple varieties. For microsatellite analysis, 305 primer pairs were screened in 8 varieties and twenty six primer pairs showed polymorphism with clear band pattern and repetitive reproducibility. A total of 165 polymorphic amplified fragments were obtained in 42 varieties using 26 markers. Two to twelve alleles were detected for each locus with an average of 6.4 alleles per locus. A value of polymorphism information content (PIC) ranged from 0.461 to 0.849 with an average of 0.665. A total of 165 marker loci were used to calculate Jaccard's distance coefficients using unweighted pair-group method with arithmetical average (UPGMA) cluster analysis. Genetic distance of cluster ranged from 0.27 to 1.00. Analysis of genetic relationship revealed that these 26 microsatellite marker sets discriminated a total of 41 varieties except for 1 variety among 42 varieties. These markers will be utilized as molecular data in variety identification of apple.
Genetic Diversity and Population Structure in East Asian Populations of Plantago asiatica
Huh, Man Kyu ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 728~735
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.728
Plantago asiatica (Plantaginaceae) is a wind-pollinated plant that grows mainly on fields in East Asia. Starch gel electrophoresis was used to investigate the allozyme diversity and population structure of 18 populations of this species. Although the plantain populations were isolated and patchily distributed, they maintained a high level of genetic diversity; the average percentage of polymorphic loci was 57.1%, the mean number of alleles per locus was 2.07, and the average heterozygosity for 18 populations was 0.201. The combination of a predominant wind-pollinated, mix-mating reproduction, large population sizes, high gene flow between subpopulations, and a propensity for high fecundity may explain the high level of genetic diversity within populations. A direct gradient in overall genetic diversity is associated with latitude. Genetic diversity of P. asiatica is markedly decreased from
to high latitude and decreased from
to low latitude, whereas there does not show a longitudinal gradient in genetic diversity.
Anti-inflammatory Effect of Achyranthoside E Dimethyl Ester in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 Cells
Bang, Soo Young ; Kim, Ji-Hee ; Moon, Hyung-In ; Kim, Young Hee ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 736~742
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.736
Achyranthoside E dimethyl ester (AEDE) is an oleanolic acid glycoside from Achyranthes japonica. In this study, we investigated the effects of AEDE on nitric oxide (NO) production and underlying molecular mechanisms in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages. AEDE inhibited LPS-induced NO secretion as well as inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression, without affecting cell viability. Further study demonstrated that AEDE induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) gene expression. In addition, the inhibitory effects of AEDE on iNOS expression were abrogated by small interfering RNA-mediated knock-down of HO-1. Moreover, AEDE induced nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor that regulates HO-1 expression. AEDE-induced expression of HO-1 was inhibited by inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K) and extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK1/2). AEDE phosphorylated Akt and ERK1/2 as well. Therefore, these results suggest that AEDE suppresses the production of pro-inflammatory mediator such as NO by inducing HO-1 expression via PI-3K/Akt/ERK-Nrf2 signaling. These findings provide the scientific rationale for anti-inflammatory therapeutic use of AEDE.
Effects of Acai Berry Ethanolic Extracts on Production of Nitric Oxide and Activity of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Related to Blood Circulation
Nam, Hyang ; Lee, Su-Gyeong ; Kim, Deok Won ; Kim, Joo Wan ; Kim, Ki Young ; Kim, Sung Goo ; Kim, Moon-Moo ; Chung, Kyung Tae ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 743~750
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.743
The aim of this study is to develop a supplementary therapeutic agent capable of promoting vascular circulation. The effects of Acai berry ethanolic extracts (ABEE) on activity of angiotensin converting enzyme from rabbit lung, production of nitro oxide in both murine macrophage cells and vascular endothelial cells as well as antioxidant effects were investigated in this study. First of all, it was observed the direct effects of ABEE on reducing power and antioxidant effect lipid peroxidation. In addition, ABEE showed a protective effect on DNA oxidation induced by hydroxyl radical. Furthermore, ABEE at 0.01% exerted approximately 50% inhibition on activity of angiotensin converting enzyme. ABEE increased the production of nitric oxide in endothelial cells, but decreased the induction of nitric oxide stimulated by lipopolysaccharide in microphage. The expression levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD)-2 and -3 were enhanced by ABEE treatment, however, the expression level of SOD-1 remained constant. Moreover, the expression level of nitric oxide synthases-1 (NOS-1), a constitutive enzyme, was increased by ABEE, but that of NOS-2, a inducible enzyme, was constant. It was also found that the level of Nrf-2, a transcription factor of SOD, was increased by ABEE. Therefore, these results demonstrate that ABEE could promote blood circulation via above actions, suggesting that may be helpful for health of blood vessel.
Anti-wrinkle Effect of Chestnut Leaf
Jang, Min Jung ; Jun, Dong Ha ; Kim, Sea Hyun ; Han, Sang Ik ; Lee, Jin Tae ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 751~756
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.751
This research old age chestnut tree that loss function chestnut leaf renewal efficiency enlargement and development of cosmeceutical product by purpose. Chestnut leaf (CL) exhibits numerous pharmacological effect including anti-allergy and anti-microbial properties. However, the anti-wrinkle effect of CL is not completely understood. In this study, to find a possible explanation for the anti-wrinkle effects of CL, we evaluated the effects of CL on radical scavenging activity, elastase inhibition activity and collagenase inhibition activity. CL was extracted with various solvents including water (CLW), 70% ethanol (CLE) and 70% acetone (CLA). The results showed that CLW, CLE, and CLA have the radical scavenging activity. In addition, we showed that CLW, CLE, and CLA have the elastase inhibition activity and collagenase inhibition activity. Consequently, the CL has a potent anti-wrinkle effect and it could be a useful cosmeceutical product for anti-aging purposes.
Rapid Statistical Optimization of Cultural Conditions for Mass Production of Carboxymethylcellulase by a Newly Isolated Marine Bacterium, Bacillus velezensis A-68 from Rice Hulls
Kim, Bo-Kyung ; Kim, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 757~769
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.757
A microorganism producing carboxymethylcellulase (CMCase) was isolated from seawater, identified as Bacillus velezensis by analyses of 16S rDNA and partial sequences of the gyrA, and designated as B. velezensis A-68. The optimal conditions for production of CMCase by B. velezensis A-68 were established using response surface methodology (RSM). The optimal concentrations of rice hulls and yeast extract, and initial pH of the medium for cell growth were 60.2 g/l, 7.38 g/l, and 7.18, respectively, whereas those for production of CMCase were 50.0 g/l, 5.00 g/l, and 7.30. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) implied that the most significant factor for cell growth as well as production of CMCase was yeast extract. The optimal concentrations of
in the medium for cell growth were 7.50, 1.00, 0.10, and 0.80 g/l, respectively, which were the same as those for production of CMCase. The optimal temperatures for cell growth and production of CMCase were 30 and
, respectively. The maximal production of CMCase under optimized conditions was 83.8 U/ml, which was 3.3 times higher than that before optimization. In this study, rice hulls, agro-byproduct, were developed as a substrate for production of CMCase and time for production of CMCase was reduced to 3 days using a newly isolated marine bacterium.
Seasonal Variation of Bacterial Community in the Seawater of Gwangyang Bay Estimated by Amplified Ribosomal DNA Restriction Analysis
Ramos, Sonny Cachero ; Hwang, Yeoung Min ; Lee, Ji Hee ; Baik, Keun Sik ; Seong, Chi Nam ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 770~778
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.770
To determine the seasonal variation of bacterial community in the seawater of Gwangyang Bay, three hundred thirty six bacterial strains were isolated on February, May, July and October 2011. Amplified Ribosomal DNA Restriction Analysis (ARDRA) was used to construct the phylotyes of the isolates using the restriction endonuclease, Hae III. Diversity indices of ARDRA patterns were calculated. One hundred and one phylotypes including 40 unique pylotypes were found at the 80% similarity level. Partial 16S rRNA genes of one hundred thirty nine strains representing each phylotypes were sequenced and compared. Bacterial community composed of 4 different phyla which include Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes. Proteobacteria was the prevailing phylum in all seasons, followed by Bacteroidetes in winter, spring and autumn while Actinobacteria in summer. At the family level, Flavobacteriaceae dominated in winter and spring and Pseudoalteromonadaceae did in summer and autumn. Genera Altererythrobacter, Loktanella, Pseudoalteromonas and Vibrio were encountered in all seasons. The most diverse bacterial community was found in autumn followed by the order of spring, winter and summer.
Effect of High-fat Diet on Peritoneal Macrophage Immunocompetence in C57/BL6 Mice
Jeong, Jun-Hyun ; Park, Hee-Geun ; Lee, Wang-Lok ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 779~788
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.779
This study was to investigate the effect of high-fat diet on macrophage immunocompetence in C57BL/6 mice. C57BL/6 male mice (4 weeks aged, n=16) were divided into two groups. HD groups fed high-fat diet (45% of fat) and ND groups fed chow diet (10% of fat). Peritoneal macrophages were obtained from each mouse intra-peritoneal by sterile lavage method. Macrophage were stimulated with
of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 24 hr. Body weight was significantly increased by high-fat diet. Macrophage phagocytosis of HD was significantly lower than that of ND. After 24 hr of LPS stimulation, NO, IL-
production of HD were significantly lower than those of ND. There were no significant differences in the production of TNF-
and IL-12 between HD and ND. These findings suggest that high fat diet-induced obesity is associated with decreased Immunocompetence and antigen-stimulated sensitivity of peritoneal macrophage, and lower production of NO, IL-
may contribute to these changes.
Improvement Effect of Fermented Silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) Powder against Orotic Acid-induced Fatty Liver in Rats
Ahn, Hee-Young ; Cha, Jae-Young ; Park, Kyu-Rim ; Kim, Yu-Ra ; Cho, Young-Su ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 789~795
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.789
Current study was to investigate the potential effects of silkworm, Bombyx mori L. fermented with Bacillus subtilis (BFSP) and Aspergillus kawachii (AFSP) at the 5% (w/w) levels in Sprague-Dawley rats, which was intoxicated with 1% (w/w) orotic acid (OA) for 10 days. The rat group administered silkworm powder showed improvements in fatty liver condition. Consumption of fermented silkworm powder reduced triglyceride concentrations in the liver tissues and serum and increased the serum lipid concentrations to normal levels, thereby aiding in improving fatty liver conditions. These effects were more pronounced in the BFSP than that in SP or AFSP in orotic acid-induced hepatotoxicity and oxidative stress. Based on these results, fermented silkworms are considered to be a material with significant potential for development into a functional health food that can improve fatty liver conditions.
Variations of Properties and Microbial Community during Fermentation of Makgeollies by Isolated Yeasts from Traditional Makgeollies
Jeon, Myong Je ; Jang, Min Kyung ; Lee, Sol Jee ; Park, Sung Hwan ; Kim, Mihyang ; Sohn, Jae Hak ; Lee, Han-Seung ; Lee, Dong-Geun ; Lee, Sang-Hyeon ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 796~803
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.796
Property changes and bacterial characterizations by polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) were investigated during the fermentation of Makgeollies by 5 isolated yeast strains. Changes of pH were large between day 0 (pH 6) and day 2 (pH 3) and showed less variation after then. ANOVA analyses revealed that pHs were statistically different with fermentation times (p<0.001), while strains (p=0.60) did not. Acidities were changed from 0.19 to 1.04% and showed rather high increase from day 2, and fermentation times (p<0.001) and strains (p=0.006) represented statistical differences. All strains showed less than 0.150% at amino-type nitrogen contents except S strain showed 0.442% at day 8, and there were no statistical differences with fermentation times (p=0.4558) and strains (p=0.3513). Saccharinities of C strain were higher from day 4, and fermentation times (p<0.0001) and strains (p=0.007) showed statistical differences. Large variation of alcohol concentrations (%) were observed between day 0 (0%) and day 2 (10%) and showed less variation after day 2, and there was no statistical difference with strains. Dominant prokaryotes were Lactobacillus fermentum and Pediococcus pentosaceus, which producing acids and functional materials. Dominant eukaryote was Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which might be resulted from addition of yeasts.
Immunocytochemical Localization of Melanopsin-immunoreactive Neurons in the Mouse Visual Cortex
Lee, Won-Sig ; Noh, Eun-Jong ; Seo, Yoon-Dam ; Jeong, Se-Jin ; Lee, Eun-Shil ; Jeon, Chang-Jin ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 804~811
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.804
Melanopsin is an opsin-like photopigment found in the small proportion of photosensitive ganglion cells of the retina. It is involved in the regulation of the synchronization of the circadian cycle as well as in the control of pupillary light reflex. The purpose of the present study is to investigate whether melanopsin is also expressed in the other areas of the central visual system outside the retina. We have studied the distribution and morphology of neurons containing melanopsin in the mouse visual cortex with antibody immunocytochemistry. Melanopsin immunoreactivity was mostly present in neuronal soma, but not in nuclei. We found that melanopsin was present in a large subset of neurons within the adult mouse visual cortex with the highest density in layer II/III. In layer I of the visual cortex, melanopsin-immunoreactive (IR) neurons were rarely encountered. In the mouse visual cortex, the majority of the melanopsin-IR neurons consisted of round/oval cells, but was varied in morphology. Vertical fusiform and pyramidal cells were also rarely labeled with the anti-melanopsin antibody. The labeled cells did not show any distinctive distributional pattern. Some melanopsin-IR neurons in mouse visual cortex co-localized with nitricoxide synthase, calbindin and parvalbumin. Our data indicate that melanopsin is located in specific neurons and surprisingly widespread in visual cortex. This finding raises the need of the functional study of melanopsin in central visual areas outside the retina.
Effect of Reserpine on the Behavioral Defects, Aβ-42 Deposition and NGF Metabolism in Tg2576 Transgenic Mouse Model for Alzheimer's Disease
Go, Jun ; Choi, Sun Il ; Kim, Ji Eun ; Lee, Young Ju ; Kwak, Moon Hwa ; Koh, Eun Kyoung ; Song, Sung Hwa ; Sung, Ji Eun ; Hwang, Dae Youn ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 812~824
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.812
Reserpine, an anti-hypertensive drug, is able to positively modulate several phenotypes associated with
toxicity in a Caenorhabditis elegans model of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated into the therapeutic effects of reserpine on mammalian neurodegenerative disorders, and found that significant alteration of the key factors influencing AD was detected in Tg2576 mice after reserpine treatment for 30 days. The aggressive behavior of Tg2576 mice was significantly improved upon reserpine treatment, whereas their social contact was consistently maintained. Furthermore, the levels of
-42 peptide in the hippocampus of the brain and blood serum were lower in the reserpine-treated group than in the vehicle-treated group. Among g-secretase components, the expression levels of PS-2, Pen-2, and APH-1 were slightly lower in reserpine-treated Tg2576 mice, although a significant change in nicastrin (NCT) expression was not detected. Furthermore, the serum level of nerve growth factor (NGF) increased in reserpine-treated Tg2576 mice compared with vehicle-treated mice. Among down-stream effectors of the NGF receptor TrkA signaling pathway, reserpine treatment induced elevation of TrkA phosphorylation and reduction of ERK phosphorylation. In addition, in the NGF receptor
signaling pathway, the expression levels of
and Bcl-2 were enhanced in reserpine-treated Tg2576 mice compared with vehicle-treated mice, whereas the expression level of RhoA declined. Overall, these results suggest that reserpine can help relieve AD pathogenesis in Tg2576 mice through downregulation of
-42 deposition, alteration of
-secretase components, and regulation of NGF metabolism.
Altered Gene Expression of Inflammatory Cytokines in Adipose Tissue of Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic C57BL/6 Mice
Lee, Yong-Ho ; Kim, Jong Bong ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 825~831
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.825
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of induced diabetes by streptozotocin (STZ) administration on gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines in adipose tissue of C57/BL6 mice fed either a normal diet (ND) or a high-fat diet (HFD). Four diabetic mice groups (16- or 26-week-old mice fed either ND or HFD) and four control groups of age and diet matched non-diabetic mice were used. By real-time PCR, gene expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-
) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) were examined in adipose tissue. The results demonstrated that gene expression of TNF-
was significantly or marginally increased in STZ induced diabetic mice groups compared with non-diabetic groups. On the other hand, MCP-1 gene expression tended to be decreased in diabetic mice compared with non-diabetic controls. Especially, MCP-1 expression level in 16w diabetic mice on HFD was about 26% of that in age and diet matched non-diabetic controls (p<0.001). In addition, MCP-1 gene expression in adipose tissue was correlated with plasma insulin levels (p=0.0002). These results suggest that gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines in adipose tissue is differentially regulated in mouse models of diabetes. The basic data in this study will be useful for elucidating basic mechanisms of inflammatory state and increased expression of proinflammatory cytokines in adipose tissue in obesity, insulin resistance, and diabetes.
Induction of G2/M Cell Cycle Arrest by Glutamine Deprivation in Human Prostate Carcinoma PC3 Cells
Shin, Dong Yeok ; Choi, Sung Hyun ; Park, Dong Il ; Choi, Yung Hyun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 832~837
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.832
In this study, it was investigated the possible mechanisms by which glutamine deprivation exerts its anti-proliferative action in cultured human prostate carcinoma PC3 cells. Glutamine deprivation resulted in inhibition of growth and G2/M arrest of the cell cycle in a time-dependent manner without apoptosis induction, as determined by MTT assay, DAPI staining and flow cytometry analyses. The induction of G2/M arrest by glutamine deprivation was associated with the inhibition of expression of Cdc2, cyclin A and cyclin B1, and up-regulation of the expression of cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitor p21(WAF1/CIP1) in both transcriptional and translational levels. Moreover, glutamine deprivation increased the phosphorylation of checkpoint kinase (Chk)1 and Chk2; however, the levels of Cdc25C phosphorylation were decreased in response to glutamine deprivation in a time-dependent manner. Our data provide a first biochemical evidence that glutamine deprivation suppresses cell viability through G2/M phase arrest without induction of apoptosis in PC3 cells.
Plasma Medicine: How can Nonthermal Atmospheric Plasma be Applied to Medicine?
Park, Sang Rye ; Hong, Jin Woo ; Lee, Hae June ; Kim, Gyoo Cheon ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 23, issue 6, 2013, Pages 838~846
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2013.23.6.838
As a forth state of material, plasma is ionized gas, which generates characteristically various reactive species. After late of
century, plasma has been widely used in industry. After nonthermal atmospheric plasma was developed, it has been applied to biomedical fields. Nonthermal atmospheric plasma does not give thermal damages to human tissues, and it shows the high efficiency in cancer treatment, sterilization, tooth bleaching, coagulation, and wound healing. Because the application of plasma to biomedicine has been expanded through interdisciplinary studies, its value of high medical technology is increasing now. Since nonthermal atmospheric plasma was first applied to the mammalian cells and microorganisms, many valuable studies has been performed for about last 10 years, so that now the new research area called 'plasma medicine' has been formed. This article introduces the recent data resulted from plasma medicine and helps to understand the plasma medicine.