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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Life Science
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Korean Society of Life Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 24, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 24, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 24, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 24, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 24, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 24, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
Promoter Cloning of Human SETDB1 Gene Utilizing Bioinformatic Programs
Noh, Hee-Jung ; Kim, Keun-Cheol ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.1
Eukaryotic gene expression is an important process, which is initiated by several transcription factors and RNA polymerases that occupy the promoter region of genomic DNA. Although there are many experiments to identify the promoter region in a gene, it is time and labor consuming to finalize it. In this study, we utilized bioinformatic programs, including Ensembl, NCBI, and CpG plots, to identify the cloning promoter region in SETDB1 genomic DNA. We performed PCR amplification to obtain the SETDB1 promoter on an approximately 2 kb region upstream from the TSS named SETDB1-P1. The PCR product was ligated with TA cloning vectors, and we confirmed the insert size using restriction enzyme digestion. Sequentially, the insert was subcloned into a pGL3-luc vector to produce pGL3-SETDB1- P1-luc and then confirmed by DNA sequencing. We also obtained a fragmented PCR product called P2 and P3 and performed a luciferase assay using pGL3-SETDB1-P1-luc transfection. We found that several anticancer drugs, including taxol, 4-FU, and doxorubicin, decreased the promoter activity of SETDB1. We obtained consistent data on the regulation of SETDB1 gene expression after anticancer drug treatment using Western blot analysis and RT-PCR. Our results suggest that promoter cloning of the human SETDB1 gene utilizing bioinformatics is a very useful and timesaving approach to study gene expression.
Extract of Moringa Root Inhibits PMA-induced Invasion of Breast Cancer Cells
Cho, Hyun-Ji ; Chang, Young-Chae ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 8~13
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.8
The moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) plant is used as food and as an anti-allergic agent. In this study, we studied the inhibitory effect of moringa root extract on the expression of PMA-induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), which is the main factor implicated in the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells in MCF-7 cells. At first, various moringa extracts were examined in the MCF-7 cells. Both moringa root extract and leaf extracts inhibited PMA-induced MMP-9 activity, but the root extract suppressed PMA-induced MMP-9 activity to a greater extent than the leaf extract. The moringa root extract also inhibited PMA-induced MMP-9 protein expression and cell invasion. According to RT-PCR, the treatment of the MCF-7 cells with moringa root extract decreased levels of PMA-induced MMP-9 mRNA expression, but not the expression of TIMP-1 and -2, indicating that moringa root extract prevents the transcription of MMP-9 in response to PMA. In addition, moringa root extract specifically suppressed the phosphorylation of ERK/JNK, but not p38. We suggest that moringa root extract abolishes MMP-9 activity/expression through ERK/JNK. In conclusion, moringa root extract suppressed PMA-induced MMP-9 activity/expression by inhibiting the phosphorylation of ERK/JNK in MCF-7 cells. These results indicate that moringa root extract may be a potential antimetastatic and anti-invasive agent. Future clinical research is needed on the anticancer properties of moringa root extract.
5-phosphatase Fig4 Interacts with Kinesin Superfamily 5A (KIF5A)
Jang, Won Hee ; Seog, Dae-Hyun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 14~19
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.14
Kinesin-1 consists of two heavy chains (KHCs), also called KIF5s, and two light chains (KLCs) that form a heterotetrameric complex. Here, we demonstrate the binding of a neuronal KHC, KIF5A, to the carboxyl (C)-terminal tail region of Fig4 (also known as Sac3), a phosphatase that removes the 5-phosphate from phosphatidylinositol-3,5-bisphosphate (
). Fig4 bound to the C-terminal region of KIF5A but not to other KHCs (KIF5B and KIF5C) and KLC1 in yeast two-hybrid assays. The interaction was further confirmed in a glutathione S-transferase pull-down assay and by co-immunoprecipitation. Anti-KIF5A antibody co-immunoprecipitated Fig4 with KIF5A from mouse brain extracts. These results suggest that kinesin-1 could transport the Fig4-associated protein complex or cargo in cells.
Curcumin Induces Recovery from Indomethacin-Induced Gastric Mucosal Lesions in Rats
Kim, Jeong-Hwan ; Kim, Byung-Woo ; Kwon, Hyun-Ju ; Kim, Yeon-Hee ; Nam, Soo-Wan ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 20~25
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.20
In the present study, the curative effect of curcumin on indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal lesions in rats was investigated. Indomethacin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), with serious side effects, including erosion, ulcerative lesions, and petechial bleeding in the mucosa of the stomach. Gastric mucosal lesions were caused by oral administration of 25 mg/kg of indomethacin. Various doses (10, 50, and 100 mg/kg) of curcumin were treated for 3 days by oral gavage. Indomethacin clearly increased the gastric ulcer area in the stomach, and curcumin significantly decreased the gastric ulcer area in a dose-dependent manner. Curcumin also markedly inhibited lipid peroxidation in the gastric mucosa and activated radical scavenging enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and glutathione peroxidase, in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that curcumin can induce recovery from indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal lesions through inhibition of lipid peroxidation and activation of radical scavenging enzymes, such as SOD, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase. Curcumin appears to be a powerful free radical quencher, and it may offer an attractive strategy for healing gastric mucosal lesions in humans.
Comparative Evaluation of Antioxidant Activities of Ethanol Extracts and Their Solvent Fractions Obtained from Selected Miscellaneous Cereal Grains
Park, Dong Hwa ; Lee, Seung Tae ; Jun, Do Youn ; Lee, Ji Young ; Woo, Mi Hee ; Kim, Ki Young ; Seo, Myung Chul ; Ko, Jee Yeon ; Woo, Koan Sik ; Jung, Tae Wook ; Kwak, Do Yeon ; Nam, Min Hee ; Kim, Young Ho ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 26~38
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.26
To examine the antioxidant activities of 11n selected miscellaneous cereal grains (proso millet, yellow glutinous proso millet, hwanggeumchal sorghum, glutinous sorghum, white glutinous sorghum, yellow glutinous foxtail millet, nonglutinous foxtail millet, green glutinous foxtail millet, golden foxtail millet, barnyard millet, and adlay), the free radical-scavenging activities of 80% ethanol extracts of the individual grains were investigated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) methods. The ethanol extracts of hwanggeumchal sorghum, glutinous sorghum, and barnyard millet grains exhibited more potent free radical-scavenging activities as compared to the other grains. When these three ethanol extracts were sequentially fractionated with n-hexane, methylene chloride, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol, the majority of the antioxidant activities were detected in the ethyl acetate and butanol fractions in which phenolic ingredients were abundant. The ethyl acetate and butanol fractions of hwanggeumchal sorghum and the ethyl acetate fraction of glutinous sorghum showed higher antioxidant activity than that of
-tocopherol. Both ferric thiocyanate (FTC) and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) methods demonstrated that these organic solvent fractions could inhibit lipid peroxidation. The ethyl acetate fractions from hwanggeumchal sorghum, glutinous sorghum, and barnyard millet grains could suppress tertiary-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP)-induced apoptotic events, including sub-G1 peaks,
loss, activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3, and cleavage of PARP and lamin B, in human HL-60 cells. These results show that the grains of hwanggeumchal sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench cv. Hwanggeumchalsusu), glutinous sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench cv. Chalsusu), and barnyard millet (Echinochloa esculenta) possess efficient antioxidant activity, which could protect cells from oxidative stress-mediated cytotoxicity.
Ghost Vaccine Prepared from Strong Virulent Salmonella typhimurium Does not Improve Immune Responses of BALB/c Mice
Ha, Yeon Jo ; Kim, Tae Wan ; Kim, Seung Tae ; Gal, Sang Wan ; Kim, Sam Woong ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 39~45
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.39
Salmonella typhimurium MMP13 and S. typhimurium
were derived from weak JOL401 and strong
virulent strains. Heat-labile subunit B (LT-B) was used as an adjuvant to increase the effectiveness of the vaccine. Plasmid pMMP184 carrying a ghost cassette was transformed into MMP13 and
to produce the ghost, and the prepared ghost cells were administered into the muscles of BALB/c mice. In the absence of the adjuvant, the total IgG content showed a tendency to increase contrary to the original virulent strength. In contrast, in the presence of the adjuvant, the strain that originated from the strong virulent showed a tendency to promote the immune more than that of weak virulent strain. However, the final concentration of total IgG was similar between the compared groups, indicating that the originated virulent strength does not affect a specific immune. Other elements of the immunoglobulins IgG1, IgG2a, and sIgAs did not show a specific trend. The results of Salmonella challenge showed a similar tendency to regardless of the originated virulence. Taken together, the results suggest that the Salmonella ghost cells promoted the immune system of BALB/c mice, irrespective of the virulence applied to create the ghost cells.
Characteristics of Soycurd-forming Lactic Acid Bacteria that Produce Gammaaminobutyric Acid (GABA) from Kimchi
Kim, Eun-Ah ; Mann, So-Yon ; Kim, Su-In ; Lee, Ga-Young ; Lee, Byong-Won ; Kim, Dong-Seob ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 46~53
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.46
Lactobacillus sakei 383, which showed the highest GABA content in fermented soycurd, survived in artificial gastric fluid (pH 3.0) up to 3 h, and the survival rate was 88%. L. sakei 383 was tolerant to bile juice during incubation in MRS broth with 0.3% oxgall, and the survival rate was 99%. The survival ratio of L. sakei 383 was high in media containing less than 6% NaCl. L. sakei 383 produced an antibacterial substance against various pathogens, including Listeria monocytogenes, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella typhi. The quality characteristics of soycurd fermented with L. sakei 383 were measured during the fermentation period. The viable cell number reached a peak (
) 36 h after fermentation and then slowly decreased. According to the fermentation time of L. sakei 383, the acidity of soycurd increased and the pH decreased until 12 h, and they were maintained thereafter. The moisture, crude ash, crude protein, crude fat, and crude fiber content was 94.88, 0.22, 2.38, 1.16, and 0.03%, respectively. The content of total and reducing sugar was comparatively higher in the soycurd fermented with L. sakei 383 than in nonfermented soycurd. The essential and nonessential amino acid content was 11.2 and 38.65 mg/100 g.
Detection of Chlorotoluene and Nitrotoluene Compounds by Recombinant Microbial Biosensors
Lee, Da Young ; Cho, Jae Ho ; Lim, Woon Ki ; Shin, Hae Ja ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 54~60
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.54
Aromatic hydrocarbons are toxic environmental pollutants that are detrimental to the ecosystem and human health. Among them, chlorotoluene and nitrotoluene are toxic to hydrobios and irritate the skin, eyes, and respiratory organs of humans. We herein report the development of recombinant microbial biosensors for cheap and rapid monitoring of chlorotoluene and nitrotoluene compounds. Plasmids were constructed by inserting the xylR regulatory gene for BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene) degradation into upstream of Po' (the DmpR activator promoter Po with the deletion of its own upstream activating sequences) or Pu (the cognate promoter of XylR)::lacZ (the
-galactosidase gene) and transformed into Escherichia coli
. In the presence of inducers, the biosensor cells immobilized in agarose developed a red color in 1-2 h due to the hydrolysis of chlorophenol red
-D-galactopyranoside (CPRG), a substrate of
-galactosidase that was expressed by the inducers. Among BTEX, high responses were specifically observed with o-, m-, p-chlorotoluene (
) and o-, m-, p-nitrotoluene (0.1 mM-100 mM). Po' demonstrated higher responses than those with Pu. The biosensors immobilized in agarose showed good stability after 21 days' storage at
, and responses in untreated wastewater spiked with chlorotoluene and nitrotoluene, suggesting they can be used to detect compounds in wastewater.
Effect of Alpina Officinarum Ethanol Extract on Immunoregulatory Activities in the Mice
Kim, Hyang Suk ; Chung, Kyung Tae ; Lee, In Hwan ; Choi, Woo Bong ; Lee, Jong Hwan ; Hyun, Sook Kyung ; Kim, Byung Woo ; Hwang, Hye Jin ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 61~66
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.61
The purpose of this study was to investigate the immunomodulatory effects of Alpina officinarum (AO) ethanol extract on immunocompromised mice. The mice were injected intraperitoneally with an immunosuppressive drug, cyclophosphamide, and then administrated orally with 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg of ethanol extract of AO (AO 30, AO 100, and AO 300, respectively). The concentrations of cytokines and immunoglobulins (IgM, IgA, IgG) in serum were measured. The body weight of the mice and spleen cell number of the AO-fed group showed no significant difference compared to a control group. The concentrations of several cytokines, including IL-2, IFN-
, and TGF-
, in serum showed a significant increase in the AO 100 group compared to the control and other groups (p<0.05). The IL-4 level showed no significant difference in the experimental groups. The supplementation of AO (30, 100, 300 mg/kg) significantly increased the concentration of IgM (p<0.05). The concentration of IgA was significantly increased in the AO 100 group (p<0.05) compared to the control group. It can be concluded that AO ethanol extract enhances immune function by promoting the production of cytokines and immunoglobulins.
Opuntia humifusa Supplementation Reduces Fat Weight by Increasing PPAR-γ and PGC-1α Protein Expression in the Skeletal Muscle of Rats
Kwon, Daekeun ; Kang, Junyong ; Kim, Jaeseung ; Song, Youngju ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 67~73
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.67
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of supplementation with Opuntia humifusa on the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta (PPAR-
), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-
) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-
) in the skeletal muscle of rats fed a high-fat diet. Sixteen Sprague-Dawley male rats at 6 weeks of age were randomly divided into 2 groups: a control diet group (CG, n=8) and an experimental diet group (EG, n=8). The rats were fed a high-fat diet (CG) or a high-fat diet supplemented with 5% O. humifusa (EG) for 8 weeks. The results showed that the abdominal fat pad and epididymal fat pad weights were significantly lower in the EG than in the CG (p<0.01). In the blood, serum glucose, triglycerides, and total cholesterol in the EG group were lower than in the CG (p<0.01). The expression of PPAR-
protein in the skeletal muscle of the EG was increased compared with that of the CG (p<0.05). These results indicate that 8 weeks of O. humifusa supplementation lowers serum glucose and triglyceride levels and suppresses weight gain by reducing fat weight through an increase in the expression of PPAR-
in the muscle tissue of rats.
Fatty Acid Composition and Antiproliferative Activity of Extracts from Euphorbia Supina
Choi, Hyang Mi ; Lim, Sun Young ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 74~80
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.74
The objective of this study was to determine the fatty acid composition and the antiproliferative effect of extracts and fractions from Euphorbia supina. With regards the fatty acid composition, the percentages of 18:3n-3 in acetone/methylene chloride (A+M) and methanol (MeOH) extracts were 53.4 and 42.1%, respectively. Among the fractions, an 85% aqueous methanol (85% aq. MeOH) fraction contained the highest percentage of 18:3n-3. Treatments with crude extracts and fractions significantly inhibited the growth of HT-29 and AGS human cancer cell lines (p<0.05). The A+M extract showed a higher inhibitory effect on the growth of both cancer cells compared to MeOH extract. Among the fractions, the 85% aq. MeOH and n-hexane fractions exerted a greater inhibitory effect on the proliferation of both types of cancer cells. Our results suggest that 85% aq. MeOH and n-hexane fractions exert potent inhibitory effects on the proliferation of human cancer cells.
Production of Indigoid Pigments by Persolvent Fermentation with Pseudomonas putida BCNU 106
Choi, Hye Jung ; Kwon, Gi-Seok ; Joo, Woo Hong ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 81~85
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.81
Pseudomonas sp. BCNU 106 isolated from industrial wastewater was able to produce indigo from indole by utilizing various organic solvents. BCNU 106 produced indigo effectively when grown in the presence of a large volume of p-xylene, propylbenzene, and mesitylene and a high level of indole. The present study demonstrated that the maximal yield was achieved with 20% (v/w) p-xylene and 4 g/l indole. Under these conditions, the indigo yield and the transformation efficiency of indole were 315.5 mg/l and 97%, respectively. The results suggest that Pseudomonas sp. BCNU 106 might be a potential candidate for industrially important indigo production.
Effect of D-Fructose on Sugar Transport Systems in Trichoplusia ni Cells and Photolabeling of the Trichoplusia ni Cell-Expressed Human HepG2 Type Glucose Transport Protein
Lee, Chong-Kee ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 86~91
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.86
Trichoplusia ni cells are used as a host permissive cell line in the baculovirus expression system, which is useful for large-scale production of human sugar transport proteins. However, the activity of endogenous sugar transport systems in insect cells is extremely high. Therefore, the transport activity resulting from the expression of exogenous transporters is difficult to detect. Furthermore, very little is known about the nature of endogenous insect transporters. To exploit the expression system further, the effect of D-fructose on 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2dGlc) transport by T. ni cells was investigated, and T. ni cell-expressed human transporters were photolabeled with [
] cytochalasin B to develop a convenient method for measuring the biological activity of insect cell-expressed transporters. The uptake of 1 mM 2dGlc by uninfected- and recombinant AcMPV-GTL infected cells was examined in the presence and absence of 300 mM of D-fructose, with and without
of cytochalasin B. The sugar uptake in the uninfected cells was strongly inhibited by fructose but only poorly inhibited by cytochalasin B. Interestingly, the AcMPV-GTL-infected cells showed an essentially identical pattern of transport inhibition, and the rate of 2dGlc uptake was somewhat less than that seen in the non-infected cells. In addition, a sharply labeled peak was produced only in the AcMPV-GTL-infected membranes labeled with [
] cytochalasin B in the presence of L-glucose. No peak of labeling was seen in the membranes prepared from the uninfected cells. Furthermore, photolabeling of the expressed protein was completely inhibited by the presence of D-glucose, demonstrating the stereoselectivity of labeling.
Induction of Apoptosis and G2/M Cell Cycle Arrest by Cordycepin in Human Prostate Carcinoma LNCap Cells
Lee, Hye Hyeon ; Hwang, Won Deok ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ; Park, Cheol ; Han, Min Ho ; Hong, Su Hyun ; Jeong, Yong Kee ; Choi, Yung Hyun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 92~97
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.92
Cordycepin, an active component originally isolated from the traditional medicine Cordyceps militaris, is a derivative of the nucleoside adenosine, which has been shown to possess a number of pharmacological properties, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, immunological stimulation, and antitumor effects. This study was conducted on cultured human prostate carcinoma LNCap cells to elucidate the possible mechanisms by which cordycepin exerts its anticancer activity, which, until now, has remained poorly understood. Cordycepin treatment of LNCap cells resulted in dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth and the induction of apoptotic cell death as detected by an MTT assay, cleavage of poly ADP-ribose polymerase, and annexin V-FITC staining. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that cordycepin resulted in G2/M arrest in cell cycle progression and downregulation of cyclin B1 and cyclin A expression in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, the incubation of cells with cordycepin caused a striking induction in the expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p21Waf1/Cip1 without affecting the expression of the tumor suppressor p53. It also resulted in a significant increase in the binding of CDK2 and CDC2 to p21. These findings suggest that cordycepin-induced G2/M arrest and apoptosis in human prostate carcinoma cells is mediated through p53-independent upregulation of the CDK inhibitor p21.
NAD(P)H Quinone Oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) as a Cancer Therapeutic Target
Park, Eun Jung ; Kwon, Taeg Kyu ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 98~103
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2014.24.1.98
NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is a flavoprotein that catalyzes the two electron reduction of diverse substrates, including quinones. It uses NADH or NADPH as a cofactor for enzymatic machinery. In the metabolism of quinones, NQO1 has two conflicting functions because of the different stability of converted hydroquinones. The stable form of hydroquinone is excreted from cells by conjugation with glutathione or glucuronic acid. The unstable form of hydroquinone induces cell death by induction of oxidative stress and DNA damage. Certain quinones known as bio-reductive agents have a cytotoxic function following reduction by NQO1. Bio-reductive agents, such as
-lapachone or mitomycin C, induce the depletion of NAD(P)H and the generation of oxidative stress in an NQO1-dependent manner. NQO1 is highly expressed in several cancer tissues. Therefore, NQO1 is a good therapeutic target for cancer treatment with bio-reductive agents.