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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Life Science
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Korean Society of Life Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 12 - Dec 2015
Volume 25, Issue 11 - Nov 2015
Volume 25, Issue 10 - Oct 2015
Volume 25, Issue 9 - Sep 2015
Volume 25, Issue 8 - Aug 2015
Volume 25, Issue 7 - Jul 2015
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Jun 2015
Volume 25, Issue 5 - May 2015
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Apr 2015
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Mar 2015
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Feb 2015
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
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Anti-cancer Potentials of Rhus verniciflua Stokes, Ulmus davidiana var. japonica Nakai and Arsenium Sublimatum in Human Gastric Cancer AGS Cells
Baek, Ilsung ; Im, Lyeng-Hae ; Park, Cheol ; Cho, Yung Hyun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 849~860
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.849
The anti-cancer activities of Rhus verniciflua Stokes (GC), Ulmus davidiana var. japonica Nakai (UGP) and arsenium sublimatum (SS) extracts, which have been used Oriental medicine therapy for various diseases, were investigated. The treatment of GC, UGP and SS alone, and combined treatment with GC, UGP and SS did not affect the cell viability in the mouse normal cell lines (RAW 264.7 macrophages and C2C12 myoblasts). However, co-treatment with GC, UGP and SS markedly induces apoptosis in human gastric cancer AGS cells, but not in other various cancer cell lines (human lung cancer A549, colon cancer HCT116, liver cancer Hep3B and bladder T24 cells) as evidenced by formation of apoptotic bodies, chromatin condensation, and accumulation of annexin-V positive cells. Co-treatment with GC, UGP and SS effectively induced the expression levels of Fas and Fas ligand, and inhibited the levels IAP family proteins such as XIAP, cIAP-1 and survivin, and anti-apoptotic Bcl-xL proteins compared with treatment with either agent alone. Combined treatment also significantly induced the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, which was associated with the activation of caspases (-3, -8, and -9) and degradation of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase. However, the cytotoxic effects induced by co-treatment with GC, UGP and SS were significantly attenuated by pan-caspases inhibitor, z-VAD-fmk, indicating an important role for caspases. These results indicated that the caspases were key regulators of apoptosis in response to co-treatment of GC, UGP and SS in human gastric cancer AGS cells and further studies will be needed to identify the active compounds.
Quantitative Expression Analysis of Functional Genes in Four Dog Breeds
Gim, Jeong-An ; Kim, Sang-Hoon ; Lee, Hee-Eun ; Jeong, Hoim ; Nam, Gyu-Hwi ; Kim, Min Kyu ; Huh, Jae-Won ; Choi, Bong-Hwan ; Kim, Heui-Soo ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 861~869
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.861
One of the domesticated species; the dog has been selectively bred for various aims by human. The dog has many breeds, which are artificially selected for specific behaviors and morphologies. Dogs contribute their life to human as working dogs for guide, rescue, detection or etc. Working dogs requires good personality, such as gentleness, robustness and patience for performing their special duty. Many studies have concentrated on finding genetic marker for selecting the high-quality working dog. In this study, we confirmed quantitative expression patterns of eight genes (ABAT; 4-Aminobutyrate Aminotransferase, PLCB1; Phospholipase C, Beta 1, SLC10A4; Solute Carrier Family 10, Member 4, WNT1; Wingless-Type MMTV Integration Site Family, Member 1, BARX2; BarH-Like Homeobox 2, NEUROD6; Neuronal Differentiation 6, SEPT9; Septin 9 and TBR1; T-Box, Brain, 1) among brains tissues from four dog breeds (Beagle, Sapsaree, Shepherd and Jindo), because these genes were expressed and have functions in brain mostly. Specially, BARX2, SEPT9, SLC10A4, TBR1 and WNT1 genes were highly expressed in Beagle and Jindo, and Sapsaree and German Shepherd were vice versa. The biological significance of total genes was estimated by database for annotation, visualization and integrated discovery (DAVID) to determine a different gene ontology (GO) class. In these analyses, we suppose to these eight genes could provide influential information for brain development, and intelligence of organisms. Taken together, these results could provide clues to discover biomarker related to functional traits in brain, and beneficial for selecting superior working dogs.
Isolation and Identification of Inhibitory Compounds from Morus alba cv. Kuksang on α-amylase and α-glucosidase
Choi, Moo-Young ; Cho, Young-Je ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 870~879
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.870
The objective of this research was to evaluate the inhibitory activities of phenolic compounds isolated from mulberry (Morus alba) leaves of 109 types against α-amylase and α-glucosidase. The inhibitory activity of the water extracts from Morus alba cv. Kuksang against α-amylase and α-glucosidase were determined as 93.8% and 48.7% respectively. The total phenolic content of extracts from Morus alba cv. Kuksang was 9.7±0.2 mg/g soluble in water and 14.3±0.2 mg/g soluble in ethanol. The inhibitory activity of the water extracts from Morus alba cv. Kuksang at 200 μg/ml phenolics concentration against α-amylase and α-glucosidase were determined as 100% and 82.6% respectively. The purification of inhibitory compounds was carried out by Sephadex LH-20 and MCI-gel CHP-20 column chromatography using a gradient elution procedure by nomal phase type (EtOH→distilled water) and reverse phase type (distilled water→MeOH). The quercetin was confirmed to be the chemical structure of the inhibitory compound against α-amylase and α-glucosidase by spectroscopic analysis of FAB-MS, NMR and IR spectrum.
The Effects of the Fruits of Foeniculum vulgare on Skin Barrier Function and Hyaluronic Acid Production in HaCaT Keratinocytes
Yu, Hak Yin ; Yang, In Jun ; Lincha, V.R ; Park, In Sik ; Lee, Dong-Ung ; Shin, Heung Mook ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 880~888
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.880
Foeniculum vulgare (FV) has long been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. In addition, it is usually known as an important medicinal and aromatic plant widely used as a carminative, digestive, lactogogue, and diuretic, and for treating respiratory and gastrointestinal disorders. The skin barrier protects against the invasion of pathogens, fends off chemical and physical assaults, and protects against extensive water loss. In this study, the effects of solvent-fractionated FV fruits on strengthening the skin barrier and maintaining moisture, as well as their antifungal activity, were investigated in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells. The expression of involucrin, loricrin, filaggrin, hyaluronic acid synthase, human β defensin, and cathelicidin genes and proteins was measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blotting. The production of hyaluronic acid was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The butanol fraction increased the expression of involucrin and filaggrin. Both the ethyl acetate and the butanol fractions increased hyaluronic acid production by promoting the expression of hyaluronic acid synthase-1. Although the antimicrobial peptides were increased by FV crude extract and its fractions, the samples did not show a significant effect compared to the normal group. These results suggest that the butanol fraction of FV could be very useful in cosmetics for the treatment of dermatological diseases.
Dose-dependent Effects of Dietary Folate on Aortic Relaxation and Hepatic C-reactive protein Levels in C57BL/6 Mice
Kong, Eunhee ; Hasan, Syeda T. ; Jang, Hyeran ; Zimmerly, Ella M. ; Choi, Sang-Woon ; Meydani, Mohsen ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 889~895
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.889
Endothelial dysfunction is an initial step in atherosclerosis. B vitamins (B6, B12, and folate) are important contributing factors to vascular homeostasis. Deficiencies in these B vitamins induce cardiovascular diseases by altering vascular homeostasis. Folate plays important roles in nitric oxide homeostasis in the endothelium. To determine the dose-dependent effect of dietary folate on atherosclerosis, we studied aortic relaxation and hepatic C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in C57BL/6 mice. In this study, a total of 54 male C57BL/6, 8-wk old mice were split into 2 dietary groups (control and Western style diet). Each diet group was divided into 3 subgroups according to dietary folate dosage (0.2, 2, and 8 mg/kg). After 18 months, the relaxation response seen in aortic rings from mice fed 0.2 or 2 mg folate/kg in both diet groups. However, the aortic relaxation response was not seen and no differences were observed in mice fed 8mg folate/kg in either diet group (p<0.05). Hepatic CRP levels at all folate dosages (0.2, 2, 8 mg folate/kg) were higher in the groups fed a Western style diet than in mice fed a control diet (p=0.035). CRP levels were lower in mice fed 0.2 mg folate/kg than in mice fed 2 or 8 mg folate/kg in both diet groups (p<0.05). These results indicate that in C57BL/6 mice 0.2 mg folate/kg may be enough to prevent atherosclerosis by inducing the relaxation responses of the aorta and by reducing levels of hepatic CRP, regardless of dietary style.
The Physicochemical Properties of Pork Sausages with Red Beet Powder
Ha, So-Ra ; Choi, Jung-Seok ; Jin, Sang-Keun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 896~902
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.896
This study was conducted to evaluate the substitution effect of red beet powder on sodium nitrite in emulsion-type pork sausages, and to investigate the effect of the addition of red beet powder on the physicochemical characteristics of emulsion-type pork sausages at 10℃ for 6 weeks. The treatments were divided into five groups: Control (sodium nitrite 0.01%), T1 (sodium nitrite 0.005% + red beet powder 0.5%), T2 (sodium nitrite 0.005% + red beet powder 0.25%), T3 (red beet powder 0.5%), and T4 (red beet powder 0.25%). In the CIE
I didn’t delete this asterisk (*) because it might be a marker for something you wish to add later, but please note that if there is no significance for the asterisk, it should be removed as a typographical error. color of emulsion-type pork sausages, the lightness value of the control was significantly higher than for the other groups (p＜0.05). The redness value was higher in T1, whereas the yellowness value was higher in the T3 and T4 groups compared with the others (p＜0.05). The pH values of emulsion-type pork sausages were significantly decreased in the T3 and T4 groups by the addition of red beet powder (p＜0.05). However, the DPPH radical-scavenging activity was higher in the T1 and T3 groups than in the others (p＜0.05). The residual nitrite ion was the highest in the control group (p＜0.05). Therefore, it is determined that red beet powder can substitute for nitrite as a natural colorant, and it has a slightly antioxidant effect in emulsion-type pork sausages.
Development of Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) for Detection of Vibrio alginolyticus
Hong, Seung-hyun ; Heo, Moon-Soo ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 903~909
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.903
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), a PCR-based diagnostic method, is based on autocycling strand displacement DNA synthesis in the presence of exonuclease-negative Bst DNA polymerase under isothermal conditions. With the help of four specific primers that recognize six different sequences of a target DNA, LAMP has high specificity in pathogenic identification in a short time. Hence, in the present study, LAMP is used as a diagnostic tool in the identification of the most dreadful aquatic pathogenic species, Vibrio alginolyticus, and to develop species-specific LAMP primers and optimization of LAMP reaction conditions such as annealing temperature, elongation time, and other PCR chemical concentrations, including MgSO
, dNTPs, Betaine, and Bst polymerase. The optimized LAMP primers were also checked for specificity with other Vibrio species, which showed that the designed primers were very specific to V. alginolyticus After the first introduction of a species name like this one, the first part (“Vibrio” in this case) should be abbreviated to only the first letter.only. These are usually the most harmful pathogens of the Vibrio species that appear in shrimp and crabs. The results also revealed that the LAMP assay could be 10-fold more sensitive than conventional PCR in detecting V. alginolyticus. This could be the first report on using a rapid and highly sensitive technique, the LAMP assay, in the effective diagnosis of the pathogenic bacteria V. alginolyticus, which could help in the early detection of diseases, particularly in aquaculture.
Characterization of Bacillus mojavensis KJS-3 for the Promotion of Plant Growth
Kim, Kang Min ; Liu, Jie ; Go, Youn Suk ; Kang, Jae Seon ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 910~916
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.910
Scientists have recently shown an interest in the characteristics of Bacillus mojavensis strains because of their increasing use in plants as a defense against diseases and mycotoxins. We have shown here that B. mojavensis KJS-3 possesses the typical characteristics of B. mojavensis strains including a strong resistance to high temperatures (≤50℃), tolerance to high salt concentrations (7% NaCl), ethanol tolerance (40% ethanol), and pH range for growth (pH 5-9). B. mojavensis KJS-3 has been used for the production of cyclic lipopeptides including important antifungal substances such as surfactin, iturin, and fengycin. Polymerase chain reaction analysis in this study showed that B. mojavensis KJS-3 can be used for the production of fengycin and the findings of LC-MS/MS analyses suggest that B. mojavensis KJS-3 can be used to produce iturin and surfactin. Antifungal activity analys is confirmed that B. mojavensis KJS-3 has antifungal effects on Botrytis cinerea, Rhizoctonia solani AG-4, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, and Colletotricum goeosporioides. A microscopy assessment of the roots of wild ginseng plants planted together with B. mojavensis KJS-3 revealed that the roots contained B. mojavensis KJS-3, confirming the bacteria to be a plant growth promoting endophyte (PGPE) which acts against plant diseases and mycotoxins. Our findings lead us to conclude that B. mojavensis KJS-3 can be produced at an industrial level as a microbial pesticide or microbial fertilizer.
Improvement Effect of Fermented Orostachys malacophyllus against Orotic Acid-induced Fatty Liver Model Rats
Ahn, Hee-Young ; Choe, Da-Jeong ; Cho, Young-Su ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 917~924
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.917
This study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of Orostachys malacophyllus (OM) and fermented O. malacophyllus (FOM) in Sprague-Dawley rats who had been intoxicated with 1% (w/w) orotic acid (OA) for 10 days. The activities of several hepatic enzymes, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and cholinesterase, were increased when OA was given, but these parameters were significantly decreased by FOM treatment. In addition, OA treatment resulted in an increased lipid peroxidative index (thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, TBARS). A worsened antioxidant status (reduced glutathione) in the liver and serum was also observed. FOM treatment improved the antioxidant status of OA-induced fatty-liver rats, which was evaluated by decreased levels of the lipid peroxidative index and improved antioxidant status in the liver and serum. The contents of liver non-heme iron were increased with OA treatment and significantly decreased with FOM treatment, which suggested that the lipid peroxidation contents were inversely correlated with liver non-heme iron content. Based on these results, FOM is considered a material with significant potential for development into a functional health food that can improve fatty-liver conditions.
Genetic Mapping of QTLs that Control Grain Characteristics in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Wacera, Home Regina ; Safitri, Fika Ayu ; Lee, Hyun-Suk ; Yun, Byung-Wook ; Kim, Kyung-Min ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 925~931
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.925
We performed a molecular marker-based analysis of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for traits that determine the quality of the appearance of grains, using 120 doubled-haploid (DH) lines developed by another culture from the F1 cross between ‘Cheongcheong’ (Oryza sativa L. ssp. Indica) and ‘Nagdong’ (Oryza sativa L. ssp. Japonica). The traits studied included length, width, and thickness of the grains, as well as length-to-width ratio and 1,000-grain weight. The objective of this study was to determine the genetic control of these traits in order to formulate a strategy for improving the appearance of this hybrid. Within the DH population, five traits exhibited wide variation, with mean values occurring within the range of the two parents. Three QTLs were identified for grain length on chromosomes 2, 5, and 7. Three QTLs were mapped for grain width on chromosome 2: qGW2-1, qGW2-2, and qGW2-3. Six chromosomes were identified for the grain length-to-width ratio; four of these were on chromosome 2, whereas the other two were on chromosomes 7 and 12. One QTL influencing 1,000-grain weight was identified and located on chromosome 8. The results presented in the present study should facilitate rice-breeding, especially for improved hybrid-rice quality.
Effect of Complex Training on Inflammatory Markers and Homocysteine of Obese Men
Jin, Chan-Ho ; Kwak, Yi-Sub ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 932~935
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.932
The purpose of this study was the effect of complex training of obese men in their 30s on inflammatory markers and homocysteine, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The subjects consisted of obese men (n=12) with the body fat ratio of 25% or above in their mid 30s who had no medical conditions and can follow the exercise routine required by this study. To achieve the purpose of this study measured the maximum oxygen intake (VO
) and 1RM of 5 kinds of machine(bench press, lat pull down, arm curl, leg press, squat) as a preliminary test; based on the results, performed 8 weeks complex training (aerobic exercise + weight training); and then analyzed the variation in body composition (body weight, body fat and BMI), blood inflammatory markers (IL-6, TNF-α and CRP), and homocysteine between before and after training. The results exhibited that 8 weeks complex training reduced weight, body fat and BMI significantly (p<0.01) and also reduced inflammatory marker CRP and homocysteine, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, significantly (p<0.05). In conclusion, 8 weeks complex training confirmed the variation in body composition, and this variation has a positive effect on the inflammatory marker and the risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
Analysis of Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Dolsan Leaf Mustard Pickles
Son, Hae-Reon ; Oh, Sun-Kyung ; Bae, Sang-Ok ; Choi, Myeong-Rak ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 936~941
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.936
The principal objective of this fundamental research was to analyze the physicochemical changes and sensory properties of Dolsan leaf mustard pickles (DMP) for the development of low-salt pickles in order to contribute to the diversification of food. The DMPs were stored at −2℃ for 90 days, with salinity maintained at 1.63% to 1.85%. The pH was decreased during storage, and the acidity was gradually increased for up to 60 days of storage, after which it was increased rapidly to 1.10. The L-values (lightness) from the stems were decreased during storage. The a-values (greenness) were increased, while the b-values (yellowness) were decreased. It was shown that the DMP had a progressive browning phenomenon and the number of lactic acid bacteria gradually decreased. The sensory evaluation showed that crunchy textures were decreased and touch textures were increased at 30 days. Therefore, Dolsan leaf mustard is suitable as a material for low-salt pickles during storage for 90 days. The results of the analysis of the physicochemical and sensory properties indicate that the optimal storage for DMP was maintained for up to 30 days.
Identification of Genes Differentially Expressed by Oryctes rhinoceros nudivirus Infection in the Korean Rhinoceros Beetle, Allomyrina dichotoma
Kwon, Kisang ; Yoo, Bo-Kyung ; Suh, Hyun-Woo ; Ko, Young Hwa ; Kim, Hong Geun ; Lee, Seokhyun ; Park, Kwan-Ho ; Choi, Ji-Young ; Kwon, O-Yu ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 942~946
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.942
The Korean rhinoceros beetle (Allomyrina dichotoma) is popular as a pet and as a food ingredient, and it is commercially distributed in Korea. It is also traditionally regarded as a medicine for liver-related diseases. Recently, the Oryctes rhinoceros nudivirus was introduced from Southeast Asia. This virus is reported as a disease factor for A. dichotoma in mass-rearing facilities, and economic losses due to this viral infection have been increasing in Korea since the 2010s. In this study, we observed serious structural changes in the fat body and the intestine of virus-infected beetles. We report five genes that are up-regulated by the viral infection in the intestine: BTF3H4-like (transcription factor BTF3 homolog 4-like), SPS-like (serine proteinase stubble-like), COPB1 (coatomer protein complex, subunit beta 1), T-CP (T-complex 1 subunit gamma), and HSP70 HSP70 (heat shock protein 70). The results may provide a clue for the early diagnosis and disease-treatment that occurs in mass-rearing facilities. The improvement of stable productivity will increase the farmers’ income, and quality control of beetle-breeding will help industries to utilize this beetle as a promising food ingredient.
Prostate Apoptosis Response-4 (Par-4) as a Cancer Therapeutic Target
Woo, Seon Min ; Kwon, Taeg Kyu ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 947~952
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.947
Prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4) was originally identified in androgen-independent prostate cancer cells undergoing apoptosis. Par-4 is ubiquitously expressed in normal cells and tissues, but it is downregulated in several types of cancers. Par-4 is a 38 kDa tumor suppressor protein encoded by the PARW gene. Par-4 promotes apoptosis in a variety of cancerous cells, but not in normal cells. In this review, we focused on the structure, expression and function of Par-4 in apoptotic signaling pathway. Functional domains of Par-4 include two nuclear localization sequences (NLS), a leucine zipper (LZ) domain, a nuclear export sequence (NES) and selective for apoptosis in cancer cell (SAC) domain. Many studies have underlined the importance of Par-4 in preventing cancer development. The activity of Par-4 is differently regulated by localization of intracellular and extracellular Par-4. Intracellular Par-4 inhibits Akt- and NF-κB-mediated cell survival pathways and downregulates Bcl-2 expression. Extracellular Par-4 activates the extrinsic apoptotic pathway by binding to cell surface receptor GRP78, a stress response protein that is in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Endogenous Par-4 sensitizes cancer cells to various apoptotic stimuli, while exogenous Par-4 enhances SAC domain-dependent apoptosis in cancer cells, but not normal cells. Therefore, Par-4 is an attractive target for cancer therapy.
Optogenetics: a New Frontier for Cell Physiology Study
Byun, Jonghoe ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 8, 2015, Pages 953~959
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.8.953
Optogenetics is the combination of optical and molecular strategies to control designated molecular and cellular activities in living tissues and cells using genetically encoded light-sensitive proteins. It involves the use of light to rapidly gate the membrane channels that allows for ion movement. Optogenetics began with the placing of light-sensitive proteins from green algae inside specific types of brain cells. The cells can then be turned on or off with pulses of blue and yellow light. Using the naturally occurring algal protein Channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2), a rapidly gated light-sensitive cation channel, the number and frequency of action potentials can be controlled. The ChR2 provides a way to manipulate a single type of neuron while affecting no others, an unprecedented specificity. This technology allows the use of light to alter neural processing at the level of single spikes and synaptic events, yielding a widely applicable tool for neuroscientists and biomedical engineers. An improbable combination of green algae, lasers, gene therapy and fiber optics made it possible to map neural circuits deep inside the brain with a precision that has never been possible before. This will help identify the causes of disorders like depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, addiction, sleep disorder, and autism. Optogenetics could improve upon existing implanted devices that are used to treat Parkinson’s disease, obsessive-compulsive disorder and other ailments with pulses of electricity. An optogenetics device could hit more specific subsets of brain cells than those devices can. Applications of optogenetic tools in nonneuronal cells are on the rise.