Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Life Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Life Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 12 - Dec 2015
Volume 25, Issue 11 - Nov 2015
Volume 25, Issue 10 - Oct 2015
Volume 25, Issue 9 - Sep 2015
Volume 25, Issue 8 - Aug 2015
Volume 25, Issue 7 - Jul 2015
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Jun 2015
Volume 25, Issue 5 - May 2015
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Apr 2015
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Mar 2015
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Feb 2015
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
Suppressive Effects of Epigallocatechin Gallate Pretreatment on the Expression of Inflammatory Cytokines in RAW264.7 Cells Activated by Lipopolysaccharide
Seo, Eun Ji ; Go, Jun ; Kim, Ji Eun ; Koh, Eun Kyoung ; Song, Sung Hwa ; Sung, Ji Eun ; Park, Chan Kyu ; Lee, Hyun Ah ; Kim, Dong Seob ; Son, Hong Joo ; Lee, Cung Yeoul ; Lee, Hee Seob ; Hwang, Dae Youn ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 961~969
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.961
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the main catechin in green tea, has been shown to have some beneficial effects against various human diseases, including diabetes, neurodegenerative disorders, cancer, cardiovascular disease and obesity. To investigate the mechanism of the suppressive effects of EGCG on inflammatory response in macrophages, alterations on the levels of nitric oxide (NO) regulatory factors and inflammatory cytokines were measured in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW264.7 cells. No significant toxicity was detected in RAW264.7 cells treated with 100–400 μM EGCG. Moreover, the optimal concentration of LPS was determined to be 1 μg/ml based on the results of cell viability assay, NO assay and IL-6 enzyme-linked immunsorbent assay (ELISA). Furthermore, NO levels decreased significantly by 68.2% in the 400 μM EGCG/LPS treated group, while the level of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression decreased by 12-17% in the 200 and 400 μM EGCG/LPS treated group. A significant decrease in transcription of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF- α and IL-1β) and anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) was also detected in the EGCG/LPS treated group. However, IL-6 transcript and protein was maintained at a constant level when in the LPS treated group relative to the EGCG/LPS treated group. Overall, these results suggest that the differential regulation of inflammatory cytokines is an important factor influencing the suppressive effects of EGCG against LPS-activated inflammatory response in RAW264.7 cells.
Phylogenetic Characterization of White Hanwoo Using the Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Gene
Kim, Jae-Hwan ; Cho, ChangYeon ; Kim, SeungChang ; Kim, Sung Woo ; Choi, Seong-Bok ; Lee, Seong-Su ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 970~975
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.970
The goals of this study were to identify sequence variations in the mitochondrial cytochrome b (mtDNA cyt b) gene in White Hanwoo (Wh) and the genetic relationship between the Wh and other breeds. When whole sequences of the mtDNA cyt b gene in 14 Wh cattle were determined, a silent mutation and two haplotypes were detected in the Wh cattle. The major haplotype, H1, was found in 13 of 14 individuals in the Wh cattle. Haplotype diversity and nucleotide diversity were 0.143 and 0.00013, respectively. Compared to previous reports, these levels of genetic diversity are lower than other Korean and Chinese breeds. To identify the genetic relationship among Korean, Chinese, Japanese, and European cattle breeds, the neighbor-joining (NJ) tree was constructed based on Dxy genetic distances. Two distinct groups were identified and classified as A and B. Wh was found in the A group, which consisted of Bos taurus breeds. From calculating the Dxy genetic distances, Wh was found to be genetically more closely related to two breeds, Heugu (0.00018) and Yanbian (0.00021), than to other breeds. In conclusion, Wh is genetically related to Chikso, Heugu, and Yanbian breeds based on maternal inheritance. The results of this study will be useful for efficient management and sustainable utilization of Wh.
Effects of Achyranthoside C Dimethyl Ester on Heme Oxygenase-1 Expression and NO Production
Bang, Soo Young ; Song, Ji Su ; Moon, Hyung-In ; Kim, YoungHee ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 976~983
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.976
Achyranthoside C dimethyl ester (ACDE) is an oleanolic acid glycoside from Achyranthes japonica which has been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of edema and arthritis. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of ACDE in RAW264.7 macrophages. ACDE significantly induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) gene expression in RAW264.7 cells, while ACDE improved LPS-induced toxicity of cells. And ACDE induced nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor that regulates HO-1 expression. Further study demonstrated that ACDE-induced expression of HO-1 was inhibited by inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K) (LY294002), c-Jun kinase (JNK) (SP600125), extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) (PD98059) and p38 kinase (SB203580). Moreover, ACDE phosphorylated Akt, JNK, ERK, and p38 MAPK. In addition, ACDE inhibited LPS-induced NO secretion as well as inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory effects of ACDE on iNOS expression were abrogated by small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knock-down of HO-1. Therefore, these results suggest that ACDE suppresses the production of pro-inflammatory mediator such as NO by inducing HO-1 expression via PI-3K/Akt/MAPK-Nrf2 signaling pathway. These findings could help us to understand the active principle included in the roots of A. japonica and the molecular mechanisms underlying anti-inflammatory action of ACDE.
Sanguinarine Induces Apoptosis in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma HepG2 Cells through the Generation of ROS and Modulation of Akt/ERK Signaling Pathways
Hwang, Ju Yeong ; Cho, Yung Hyun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 984~992
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.984
Sanguinarine is a benzophenanthridine alkaloid originally isolated from the roots of Sanguinaria canadensis. It has multiple biological activities (e.g., antioxidant and antiproliferative) and immune-enhancing potential. In this study, we explored the proapoptotic properties and modes of action of sanguinarine in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells. Our results revealed that sanguinarine inhibited HepG2 cell growth and induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. The induction of apoptosis by sanguinarine was associated with the up-regulation of Fas and Bax, the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria to the cytosol, and the loss of the mitochondrial membrane potential. In addition, sanguinarine activated caspase-9 and -8, initiator caspases of the intrinsic and death extrinsic pathways, respectively, and caspase-3, accompanied by proteolytic degradation of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase. Sanguinarine also triggered the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The elimination of ROS by N-acetylcysteine reversed sanguinarine-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, sanguinarine induced the dephosphorylation of Akt and the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases, including extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38. The growth inhibition was enhanced by the combined treatment of sanguinarine with a phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor and an ERK inhibitor but not JNK and p38 inhibitors. Overall, our data indicate that the proapoptotic effects of sanguinarine in HepG2 cells depend on ROS production and the activation of both intrinsic and extrinsic signaling pathways, which is mediated by blocking PI3K/Akt and activating the ERK pathway. Thus, our data suggest that sanguinarine may be a natural compound with potential for use as an antitumor agent in liver cancer.
Inhibition of Inflammation by Popillia flavosellata Ethanol Extract in LPSinduced RAW264.7 Macrophages
Yoon, Young-Il ; Hwang, Jae-Sam ; Kim, Mi-Ae ; Ahn, Mi Young ; Lee, Young-Bo ; Han, Myung Sae ; Goo, Tae-Won ; Yun, Eun-Young ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 993~999
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.993
The beetle Popillia flavosellata has been no reported its functional effects. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of P. flavosellata ethanol extract (PFE) on RAW 264.7 mouse macrophage cells treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for the induction of inflammation. First, we examined the cytotoxicity of PFE in the RAW 264.7 cells at a concentration of 2,000 μg/ml or less. To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of PFE, we investigated the expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6, and proinflammatory enzymes, such as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. In addition, we examined whether PFE inhibited the translocation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 into the nucleus in the LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. We found that the protein levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were decreased in the LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells after the treatment with PFE in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, we confirmed that PFE inhibited the translocation of NF-κB p65 into the nucleus, as well as the protein expression levels of iNOS and COX-2. Accordingly, we propose that PFE exerts an anti-inflammatory effect through the down-regulation of NF-κB p65, TNF-α, IL-6, iNOS, and COX-2 via the toll like receptor (TLR)-4 inflammatory signaling pathway.
α-Asarone Modulates Activity of Matrix Metalloproteinase as well as Antioxidant Activity
Park, Hye-Jung ; Kim, Moon-Moo ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 1000~1006
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.1000
α-Asarone is the main component of Acorus gramineus, which is a widely used oriental traditional medicine. A. gramineus is known to have a variety of medicinal effects, such as anti-gastric ulcer, antiallergy and antioxidant activity. It is also known to inhibit the release of histamine. However, the mechanism of its action remains unclear in humans. In this study, the effects of α-asarone on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and its antioxidant effect in a cell-free system were examined in HT1080 cells. In an MTT assay, the effect of α-asarone on cell viability showed no cytotoxicity below 16 μM. In an antioxidant assay, α-asarone increased reducing power in a dose-dependent manner but not the scavenging activity of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals. In addition, α-asarone exhibited the protective effect against DNA oxidation induced by hydroxyl radicals produced by the Fenton reaction. Furthermore, in a gelatin disk assay, α-asarone enhanced collagenase activity. It also increased the activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 stimulated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) in a gelatin zymography. On the other hand, the activity of MMP-9 stimulated by phenazine methosulfate (PMS) but not that of MMP-2 was increased in the presence of α-asarone. These findings suggest that α-asarone could be a candidate for the prevention and treatment of pathological diseases related to oxidative stress and MMPs.
Investigation of Conservative Genes in 711 Prokaryotes
Lee, Dong-Geun ; Lee, Sang-Hyeon ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 1007~1013
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.1007
A COG (Cluster of Orthologous Groups of proteins) algorithm was applied to detect conserved genes in 711 prokaryotes. Only COG0080 (ribosomal protein L11) was common among all the 711 prokaryotes analyzed and 58 COGs were common in more than 700 prokaryotes. Nine COGs among 58, including COG0197 (endonuclease III) and COG0088 (ribosomal protein L4), were conserved in a form of one gene per one organism. COG0008 represented 1356 genes in 709 of the prokaryotes and this was the highest number of genes among 58 COGs. Twenty-two COGs were conserved in more than 708 prokaryotes. Of these, two were transcription related, four were tRNA synthetases, eight were large ribosomal subunits, seven were small ribosomal subunits, and one was translation elongation factor. Among 58 conserved COGs in more than 700 prokaryotes, 50 (86.2%) were translation related, and four (6.9%) were transcription related, pointing to the importance of protein-synthesis in prokaryotes. Among these 58 COGs, the most conserved COG was COG0060 (isoleucyl tRNA synthetase), and the least conserved was COG0143 (methionyl tRNA synthetase). Archaea and eubacteria were discriminated in the genomic analysis by the average distance and variation in distance of common COGs. The identification of these conserved genes could be useful in basic and applied research, such as antibiotic development and cancer therapeutics.
Bioactive Materials and Antioxidant Properties of Fermented Rice-bran Extract
Ahn, Hee-Young ; Choe, Da-Jeong ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ; Lee, Jae-Hong ; Cho, Young-Su ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 1014~1020
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.1014
This study suggests that fermented rice bran extract contains natural antioxidants. The contents of bioactive materials (e.g., polyphenolic compounds and flavonoids), antioxidative properties (DPPH (α,α'- diphenyl-β-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging activity, Fe reducing, Cu reducing power, peroxidation of linoleic acid and rat hepatocyte microsome) were tested by in vitro experimental models using fermented rice bran (FRB) extract. The concentrations of phenolic compound and flavonoid were 19.92 mg/g and 11.56 mg/g, respectively. In oxidation in vitro models using DPPH free radical scavenging activity, (free radical scavenging activity 69.8%) Fe reducing power and Cu reducing power (effect of dose-dependent manner), Fe
/ascorbate induced linolenic acid peroxidation by ferric thiocyanate and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) methods (inhibition activity 81%), and autooxidation of rat hepatic microsomes membrane (lipid peroxidation inhibition activity 38%), antioxidative activities were stronger in FRB extract than FRS (Fermented Rice and Soybean, positive control) extract and, these effects were dose-dependent manner. From these results, FRB extract was shown to have the most potent antioxidative properties and contain the highest amounts of antioxidative compounds such as phenolic compounds and flavonoids. Overall, these results may provide the basic data to understand the antioxidative properties of fermented rice bran for development of functional foods.
Characterization of Neutral Invertase from Fast Growing Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Seedlings after Gibberellic Acid (GA) Treatment
Kim, Donggiun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 1021~1026
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.1021
Invertase (β-D-fructosfuranosidase, EC 220.127.116.11) catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose into D-glucose and D-fructose. Three biochemical subgroups of invertases have been investigated in plants: vacuolar (soluble acid), cytoplasmic (soluble alkaline), and cell wall-bound (insoluble acid) invertases. An isoform of neutral invertase was purified from pea seedlings (Pisum sativum L.) and treated with gibberellic acid (GA) by sequential procedures consisting of ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion-exchange chromatography, absorption chromatography, and reactive green-19 affinity chromatography. The results of the overall insoluble invertase purification were a 430-fold increase. The purified neutral invertase was not glycosylated and had an optimum pH between neutral and alkaline (pH 6.8-7.5). It was inhibited by Tris, as well as by heavy metals, such as Hg
. Typical Michaelis–Menten kinetics were observed when the activity of the purified invertase was measured, with sucrose concentrations up to 100 mM. The K
values were 12.95 mM and 2.98 U/min, respectively. The molecular mass was around 20 kDa. The sucrose-cleaving enzyme activity of this enzyme is similar to that of sucrose synthase and fructosyltransferase, but its biochemical characteristics are different from those of sucrose synthase and fructosyltransferase. Based on this biochemical characterization and existing knowledge, neutral INV is an invertase isoform in plants.
Production and Characterization of Extracellular Polysaccharide Produced by Pseudomonas sp. GP32
Lee, Myoung Eun ; Lee, Hyun Don ; Suh, Hyun-Hyo ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 1027~1035
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.1027
A strain GP32 which produces a highly viscous extracellular polysaccharide was conducted with soil samples and identified as Pseudomonas species. The culture flask conditions for the production of extracellular polysaccharide by Pseudomonas sp. GP32 were investigated. The most suitable carbon and nitrogen source for extracellular polysaccharide production were galactose and (NH
. The optimum carbon/nitrogen ratio for the production of extracellular polysaccharide was around 50. The optimum pH and temperature for extracellular polysaccharide production was 7.5 and 32℃, respectively. In batch fermentation using a jar fermentor, the highest extracellular polysaccharide content (15.7 g/l) was obtained after 70 hr of cultivation. The extracellular polysaccharide produced by Pseudomonas sp. GP32 (designated Biopol32) was purified by ethanol precipitation, cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) precipitation, and gel permeation chromatography. Biopol32, which has an estimated molecular weight of over 3×10
datons, is a novel polysaccharide derived from sugar components consisting of galactose, glucose, gulcouronic acid and galactouronic acid in an approximate molar ratio of 1.85 : 3.24 : 1.00 : 1.42. The solution of Biopol32 showed non-Newtonian characteristics. The viscosity of Biopol32 exhibited appeared to be higher at all concentration compared to that of zooglan from Zoogloea ramigera. An analysis of the flocculating efficiency of Biopol32 in industry wastewater (food, textile, and paper wastewater) revealed chemical oxygen demand (COD) reduction rates 58.4-67.3% and suspended solid (SS) removal rates 82.6-91.3%. Based on these results, Biopol32 is a possible candidate for industrial applications such as wastewater treatment.
Efficacy of Disinfectants and Sanitizers of Chlorine Oxide Bubbling Tablets
Ji, Won Dae ; Kang, Sang Gu ; Lee, Kyung Eun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 1036~1042
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.1036
By using effective sanitizers, early block for transmission of pathogens is the effective way to prevent epidermic outbreaks. Here we developed a chlorine oxide bubbling type of sanitizing tablets and evaluated the disinfectant and sanitization effects. The sanitizers showed 99.999% of sanitization effect for Escherichia coli ATCC 10536 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 strains for 5 min±10 sec on 20±1℃ in clean condition by dilution-neutralization method. It reduced more than 5 log
cfu/ml of a legal permission standard of colony reduction. When a few used socks and underwear soaked for one hour in the 0.1% of the sanitizing tablets, no microorganisms were grown on CHROMagar plates. However, on CHROMagar plates of the no sanitizing tablets treated control, about 6.5×10
cfu/ml of Staphylococcus sp., Klebsiella sp. and Enterococus sp. were grown. Furthermore, the sanitizing tablets killed approximately 1.5x10
cfu/ml of E. coli BL21 in 5 minutes. Therefore, we concluded that the chlorine based bubbling type of sanitizing tablets satisfied the legal standard for the regulation of food and drug safety for disinfectants and sanitizers to pathogens and daily supplies.
NMDA (n-methyl-d-aspartate) Change Expression Level of Transcription Factors (Egr-1, c-jun, Junb, Fosb) mRNA in the Cerebellum Tissue of Balb/c Mouse
Ha, Jong-Su ; Kim, Jae-Wha ; Song, Jae-Chan ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 1043~1050
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.1043
Glutamate is one of the principle transmitters in the CNS. Ionotropic receptors of glutamate, selectively activated by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), play an important role in the processes of cell development, learning, memory, and etc. On the other hand, many studies discovered that over-activation of glutamate receptors leads to neurodegeneration and are known to be implicated in major areas of brain pathology. Any sustained effect of a transient NMDA receptor activation is likely to involve signaling to the nucleus and to trigger coordinated changes in gene expression. Classically, a set of immediate-early genes are induced first; some of genes are by themselves transcription factors that control expression of other target genes. This study provides understanding of changes of inducible transcription factors mRNA levels with RT-PCR by inducing over-activation of NMDA receptor with intraperitoneal NMDA injection. The experimental conditions were varied by 1, 5, 25, and 125 g/ of body weight NMDA and measured transcription factors mRNA levels are Egr-1, c-Jun, JunB, and FosB. Based on result obtained, inducible transcription factors mRNA in NMDA injection to mice with 5 g/body weight showed the greatest change. And ITF mRNA showed greatest change 24 hr after injection. The expression level of JunB mRNA was markedly changed. Up to the present days, no study clearly understood how ITF mRNA affected the apoptosis of purkinje cells in the cerebellum. The current study improves the understanding of the mechanism of apoptosis of purkinje cells in the cerebellum.
Anticancer Effect of Citrus Fruit Prepared by Gamma Irradiation of Budsticks
Kim, Ji Hye ; Kim, Min Young ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 1051~1058
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.1051
Citrus mutant fruits were induced by irradiation of citrus budsticks with 120 Gy of cobalt (
CO) gamma irradiation. The citrus mutant inhibited the growth and induced apoptosis in various human cancer cells, including A549, HepG2, HCT116, MCF-7, and Hela. The results of a trypan blue exclusion assay showed that citrus mutant fruits exhibited excellent antiproliferation activity in various human cancer cells and low cytotoxicity in normal 16HBE140- and CHANG cells. In addition, the cell death induced by the citrus mutant fruits was associated with an increased population of cells in sub-G1 phase, and it caused DNA fragmentation in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 and hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells. It also up-regulated the amount of cellular nitric oxide (NO
) produced as a result of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activation and suppressed the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family in A549 and HepG2 cells. These findings indicate that the citrus mutant fruits activates the NO
-mediated apoptotic pathway in A549 and HepG2 cells. It may merit further investigation as a potential chemotherapeutic and chemopreventive agent for the treatment of various types of cancer cells. The results provide important major new insights into the mechanisms of the anticancer activity of citrus mutant fruits.
Genomics and Molecular Markers for Major Cucurbitaceae Crops
Park, Girim ; Kim, Nahui ; Park, Younghoon ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 1059~1071
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.1059
Watermelon and melon are economically important Cucurbitaceae crops. Recently, the development of molecular markers based on the construction of genetic linkage maps and detection of DNA sequence variants through next generation sequencing are essential as molecular breeding strategies for crop improvement that uses marker-assisted selection and backcrossing. In this paper, we intended to provide useful information for molecular breeding of watermelon and melon by analyzing the current status of international and domestic research efforts on genomics and molecular markers. Due to diverse genetic maps constructed and the reference genome sequencing completed in the past, DNA markers that are useful for selecting important traits including yield, fruit quality, and disease resistances have been reported and publicly available. To date, more than 16 genetic maps and loci and linked markers for more than 40 traits have reported for each watermelon and melon. Furthermore, the functional genes that are responsible for those traits are being continuously discovered by high-density genetic map and map-based cloning. In addition, whole genome resequencing of various germplasm is under progress based on the reference genome. Not only by the efforts for developing novel molecular markers, but application of public marker information currently available will greatly facilitate breeding process through genomics-assisted breeding.
Application of the Lees of Domestic Traditional Wine and its Useful Biological Activity
Kim, Mi-Sun ; Shin, Woo-Chang ; Sohn, Ho-Yong ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 25, issue 9, 2015, Pages 1072~1079
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2015.25.9.1072
The lees of Korean traditional wine called as Jubak or Sul-jigemi in Korea is byproduct from alcohol fermentation industry, which is remnant of fermentation broth after filtration, centrifugation, distillation, or sedimentation during aging. Since, Korean traditional wines are produced from edible plant sources such as rice, foxtail millet, fruits and medicinal herbs with nuruk (a traditional fermentation starter and starch degrader), the Jubak from rice wine (takju), medicinal herb wine (yakju) and fruits wine are considered as safe byproduct and have various useful bioactivity. Considering the recent rapid increased production of Jubak from takju industry, and the reinforcement of dispose of Jubak as waste material in worldwide, the development of efficient reuse process for Jubak is necessary in traditional wine industry. In this review, the status of current industry, research and patent trends in relation with Jubak production, treatment, utilization and renewal was analyzed and different bioactive compounds including phenolic acids from Jubak were provided. Jubak is not any more waste material, and is the source of bioactive functional materials for food, cosmetics and medicinal industry. To develop the efficient and economic renewal technology including recovery process for bioactive substances from Jubak, systematic collaboration and research among the industry, academy and government is necessary.