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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Life Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Life Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 8 - Aug 2016
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Jul 2016
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 26, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
Effects of 17-DMAG Administration on Autophagy Flux in Mouse Skeletal Muscle
Ju, Jeong-sun ; Lee, Yoo-Hyun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 387~397
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.387
The purpose of this study was to determine if heat shock proteins are involved in autophagy in skeletal muscle. We used the autophagy flux strategy, which is an LC3 II/p62 turnover assay conducted with and without an autophagy inhibitor, to determine whether 17-DMAG (an Hsp90 inhibitor/Hsp72 activator) stimulates autophagy in skeletal muscle. We treated C2C12 cells with 17-DMAG (500 nM) for 24 hr with and without the autophagy inhibitor (Bafilomycin A1, 200 ng/ml), and we injected C57BL/6 mice i.p. with 17-DMAG (10 mg/kg) daily for 7 days with and without colchicine as an autophagy inhibitor (0.4 mg/kg/day, administered on the last 2 days). C2C12 myotubes and tibialis anterior muscles were harvested for analysis of mTOR-dependent autophagy signaling pathway proteins and autophagic marker proteins (p62 and LC3 II) by Western blot analysis. The blots showed that 17-DMAG upregulated hsp72 and decreased Akt protein levels and S6 phosphorylation in C2C12 cells. However, an in vitro autophagic flux assay demonstrated that 17-DMAG did not increase LC3 II and p62 protein concentrations to a greater extent than Bafilomycin A1 treatment alone. Similarly, 17-DMAG increased Hsp72 protein levels and decreased the expression of Akt and the phosphorylation of S6 in mouse skeletal muscle. However, unlike the response seen in C2C12 myotubes, the p62 protein levels were significantly decreased in 17-DMAG-treated mouse skeletal muscle (~50%; p<0.05). The LC3 II protein levels in 17-DMAG-treated mice were increased ~2-fold more when degradation was inhibited by colchicine (p<0.01). This suggests that 17-DMAG stimulates basal autophagy in skeletal muscle but is not found in C2C12 myotubes.
Rosuvastatin Induces ROS-mediated Apoptosis in Human Prostate Cancer PC-3 Cells
Choi, Hyeun Deok ; Baik, Jong Jin ; Kim, Sang Hun ; Yu, Sun Nyoung ; Chun, Sung Hak ; Kim, Young Wook ; Nam, Hyo Won ; Kim, Kwang Youn ; Ahn, Soon Cheol ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 398~405
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.398
Statins, the inhibitors of 3-hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, are widely used in treatments of hypercholesterolemia and newly known as anti-cancer effect of various cancer cells. Recently, several studies suggested that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a critical role on cell death signaling. However, mechanism of ROS by rosuvastatin is currently unclear. This study aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of apoptosis by rosuvastatin in human prostate cancer PC-3 cells. Cell viability and apoptosis-related protein expression were measured by MTT assay and western blotting, respectively. In addition, the levels of apoptosis and ROS were analyzed. The results showed that rosuvastatin dramatically reduced cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner. We confirmed that rosuvastatin induced apoptosis through reduction of procaspase-3 and cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in PC-3 cells. In addition, rosuvastatin stimulated ROS production in a dose-dependent manner and pre-treatment with N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a ROS scavenger, significantly recovered rosuvastatin-induced ROS and apoptosis. Thus, we concluded that rosuvastain induces apoptosis through generation of ROS in human prostate cancer PC-3 cells and provides a promising approach to improve the efficacy of cancer therapy.
Phylogenetic Study of Genus Haliotis in Korea by Cytochrome c Oxidase Subunit 1 and RAPD Analysis
Seo, Yong Bae ; Kang, Sung Chul ; Choi, Seong Seok ; Lee, Jong Kyu ; Jeong, Tae Hyug ; Lim, Han Kyu ; Kim, Gun-Do ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 406~413
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.406
Abalones are gastropod mollusks belonging to the genus Haliotis. Pacific abalones are regarded as a very important marine gastropod mollusk in Korea, Japan, China, and also in food industries around the world. In Korea, 6 species of abalone have been reported to occur along the coasts: Haliotis discus hannai, Haliotis discus discus, Haliotis madaka, Haliotis gigantea, Haliotis diversicolor supertexta, and Haliotis diversicolor diversicolor. This study was performed to discriminate the genetic variances by the partial sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) genes and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis against four species of Pacific abalone (H. discus hannai, H. discus, H. madaka, H. gigantea). COI gene is reasonably well conserved and has been sequenced in various invertebrate taxa. The RAPD analysis technique is a relatively simple and low cost method that allows differentiation of taxa without the need to know their genomes. In this study, we investigated the genetic diversity, phylogenetic relationships within each species. The COI and RAPD analysis were able to distinguish between H. gigantea and the other three species. However, these analysis methods were inadequate to distinguish between H. discus and H. madaka. These results are believed to be able to provide a basis data for future hybrid breeding research by defining the genetically closely related four species of abalone, which is to develop new hybrid abalone for export using hybrid breeding.
Association between Genotypes of the Isocitrate Dehydrogenase 3, beta subunit (IDH3B) Gene and Carcass Traits in an F
Crossbred Population of Landrace × Jeju (Korea) Black Pigs
Kang, Yong-Jun ; Jeong, Dong Kee ; Cho, In-Cheol ; Han, Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 414~418
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.414
This study tested the association between genetic polymorphisms of the isocitrate dehydrogenase 3, beta subunit (IDH3B) gene and economic traits in an F
crossbred population of Landrace × Jeju (South Korea) Black pigs. A 304-bp insertion/deletion mutation in promoter region was screened for determining genotypes of the IDH3B gene in a total of 1,105 F
pigs. Three genotypes (AA, AB, and BB) were identified in the founder, F
, and F
populations. Association analysis showed significant differences in carcass weights (CW), backfat thicknesses in three positions of the body (4
ribs, BF5; 11
ribs, BF12; 13
lumbar, BFL), and carcass lengths (CL) (p<0.05), but not in meat color (MC), eye muscle area (EMA), or marbling scores (MARB) (p>0.05). The F
IDH3B BB homozygotes showed heavier CW (80.790±0.725 kg) and shorter CL (101.875±0.336 cm) than the other genotypes (p<0.05). In addition, the BF levels between the 4
vertebrae were thicker in the carcasses of pigs with the IDH3B BB genotype than with the other genotypes (p<0.05). These results suggested that genetic variations in the IDH3B gene may serve as molecular genetic markers for improving the Landrace × Jeju Black pig crossbreeding systems.
Expression Profiling of MLO Family Genes under Podosphaera xanthii Infection and Exogenous Application of Phytohormones in Cucumis melo L.
Howlader, Jewel ; Kim, Hoy-Taek ; Park, Jong-In ; Ahmed, Nasar Uddin ; Robin, Arif Hasan Khan ; Jung, Hee-Jeong ; Nou, III-Sup ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 419~430
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.419
Powdery mildew disease caused by Podosphaera xanthii is a major concern for Cucumis melo production worldwide. Knowledge on genetic behavior of the related genes and their modulating phytohormones often offer the most efficient approach to develop resistance against different diseases. Mildew Resistance Locus O (MLO) genes encode proteins with seven transmembrane domains that have significant function in plant resistance to powdery mildew fungus. We collected 14 MLO genes from ‘Melonomics’ database. Multiple sequence analysis of MLO proteins revealed the existence of both evolutionary conserved cysteine and proline residues. Moreover, natural genetic variation in conserved amino acids and their replacement by other amino acids are also observed. Real-time quantitative PCR expression analysis was conducted for the leaf samples of P. xanthii infected and phyto-hormones (methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid) treated plants in melon ‘SCNU1154’ line. Upon P. xanthii infection using 7 different races, the melon line showed variable disease reactions with respect to spread of infection symptoms and disease severity. Three out of 14 CmMLO genes were up-regulated and 7 were down-regulated in leaf samples in response to all races. The up- or down-regulation of the other 4 CmMLO genes was race-specific. The expression of 14 CmMLO genes under methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid application was also variable. Eleven CmMLO genes were up-regulated under salicylic acid treatment, and 7 were up-regulated under methyl jasmonate treatments in C. melo L. Taken together, these stress-responsive CmMLO genes might be useful resources for the development of powdery mildew disease resistant C. melo L.
Effects of Sodium Butyrate, a Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor, on TRAIL-mediated Apoptosis in Human Bladder Cancer Cells
Han, Min-Ho ; Choi, Yung Hyun ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 431~438
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.431
The tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is considered a promising anticancer agent due to its unique ability to induce cancer cell death having only negligible effects on normal cells. However, many cancer cells tend to be resistant to TRAIL. In this study, we investigated the effects and molecular mechanisms of sodium butyrate (SB), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, in sensitizing TRAIL-induced apoptosis in 5637 human bladder cancer cells. Our results indicated that co-treatment with SB and TRAIL significantly increased the apoptosis induction, compared with treatment with either agent alone. Co-treatment with SB and TRAIL effectively increased the cell-surface expression of death receptor (DR) 5, but not DR4, which was associated with the inhibition of cellular Fas-associated death domain (FADD)-like interleukin-1β-converting enzyme (FLICE) inhibitory protein (c-FLIP). Furthermore, the activation of caspases (caspase-3, -8 and -9) and degradation of poly(ADP-ribose) were markedly increased in 5637 cells co-treated with SB and TRAIL; however, the synergistic effect was perfectly attenuated by caspase inhibitors. We also found that combined treatment with SB and TRAIL effectively induced the expression of pro-apoptotic Bax, cytosolic cytochrome c and cleave Bid to truncated Bid (tBid), along with down-regulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-xL expression. These results collectively suggest that a combined regimen of SB plus TRAIL may offer an effective therapeutic strategy for safely and selectively treating TRAIL-resistant bladder cancer cells.
Effect of Soybean Fallen Leaves Ethanolic Extract on Expression of Proteins Related to Antioxidant Activity and Cell Invasion
Song, Chaeeun ; Lee, Su-Gyeong ; Hong, Sugyeong ; Ryu, Zoon Ha ; Kim, Moon-Moo ; Oh, Yunghee ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 439~445
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.439
Soybean leaves, a Korean edible plant material, have been reported to prevent the development of osteoporosis and breast cancer. Based on this rational, soybean fallen leaves ethanolic extract (SBFL) was used for the experiment of cell invasion related to metastasis and antioxidant activity. The effect of SBFL on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in human fibrosarcoma cells, HT1080 as well as its anti-oxidant activity was investigated in this study. The effect of SBFL on scavenging activity of reactive oxygen species was evaluated in vitro using lipid peroxidation assay,DPPH radical and reducing power assay. SBFL showed the positive effects on antioxidant activity, compared with vitamin C and vitamin E used as positive controls. Furthermore, SBFL showed cytotoxicity above 16 µg/ml in MTT assay. In particular, it was found that SBFL decreased the activation of MMP-9 stimulated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetae (PMA) and phenazine methosulfate (PMS). SBFL treatment increased the expression levels of p-FoxO-1 and SOD-1. Moreover, SBFL inhibited cell invasion stimulated by vascular endothelial growth Factor (VEGF). These results indicate that SBFL could inhibit cell invasion related to the activation of MMP-9 and oxidative stress, suggesting that it could be available as a main ingredient for prevention of metastasis.
Biological Activities of Solid-fermentation Garlic with Lactic Acid Bacteria
Lee, Jung-Bok ; Joo, Woo-Hong ; Kwon, Gi-Seok ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 446~452
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.446
Garlic (Allium sativum L.) and its extracts have been used in a wide range of applications, including as folk medicines in many Asian countries. This traditional herb has several functional properties and strong biological activities, making it useful as a functional food material. This study investigated the biological activities of solid-garlic after fermentation by lactic acid bacteria. Several solid-garlic fermentation strains of lactic acid bacteria were isolated from Korean traditional fermented food or obtained from the Korean Collection for Type Cultures. Lactic acid bacteria showed selective growth in garlic extracts on MRS media. Fermentation of solid garlic (heated 121℃, 15 min or not heated) by lactic acid bacteria gave total polyphenol and flavonoid contents of 731.0-845.2 g/g and 92.68-413.58 g/g, respectively. The DPPH scavenging activities and SOD like activities were measured as 7,584% and 9499%, respectively. These activities were relatively higher than a positive control, vitamin C. Measurement of antidiabetic activity using α-glucosidase inhibition assay showed that solid garlic fermented with lactic acid bacteria gave a higher activity than the control, acarbose. Fermentation of solid garlic with lactic acid bacteria may therefore help to alleviate adverse biological activities, as well as provide functional food materials.
Characterization of β-agarase from Isolated Simiduia sp. SH-4
Kim, Jae-Deog ; Lee, Sol-Ji ; Jo, Jeong-Gwon ; Lee, Dong-Geun ; Lee, Sang-Hyeon ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 453~459
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.453
Agarases are classified into α-agarase and β-agarase that produce agarooligosaccharides and neoagarooligosaccharides, respectively. Neoagarooligosaccharides have whitening effect of skin, delay of starch degradation, and inhibition of bacterial growth etc. Hence, the object of this study was to isolate a novel agarase producing marine bacterium and characterization of its β-agarase. A novel agar-degrading bacterium was isolated from seashore of Namhae at Gyeongnamprovine, Korea and purely cultured with Marine agar 2216 media. The isolated bacterium was identified as Simiduia sp. SH-4 after 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The enzymatic sample was obtained from culture media of Simiduia sp. SH-4. Enzymatic activity was highly increased from 20(30% relative activity) to 30℃ (100%) and decreased from 30 to 40℃(75%) and so more. Relative activity was 100% at pH 6 while those were about 91% and 59% at pH 5.0 and 7.0, respectively, meaning the enzyme possesses narrow optimal pH range. Hence, the enzyme exhibited the maximal activity with 120.4 units/l at pH 6.0 and 30℃ in 20 mM Tris-HCl buffer. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) analysis showed that Simiduia sp. SH-4 produces β-agarase, which hydrolyze agarose to produce biofunctional neoagarooligosaccharides such as neoagarotetraose and neoagarobiose. Hence, broad applications would be possible using Simiduia sp. SH-4 and its enzyme in the food industry, cosmetics and medical fields.
Characterization of a Korean Domestic Cyanobacterium Limnothrix sp. KNUA012 for Biofuel Feedstock
Hong, Ji Won ; Jo, Seung-Woo ; Kim, Oh Hong ; Jeong, Mi Rang ; Kim, Hyeon ; Park, Kyung Mok ; Lee, Kyoung In ; Yoon, Ho-Sung ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 460~467
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.460
A filamentous cyanobacterium, Limnothrix sp. KNUA012, was axenically isolated from a freshwater bloom sample in Lake Hapcheon, Hapcheon-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea. Its morphological and molecular characteristics led to identification of the isolate as a member of the genus Limnothrix. Maximal growth was attained when the culture was incubated at 25℃. Analysis of its lipid composition revealed that strain KNUA012 could autotrophically synthesize alkanes, such as pentadecane (C
) and heptadecane (C
), which can be directly used as fuel without requiring a transesterification step. Two genes involved in alkane biosynthesis－an acyl-acyl carrier protein reductase and an aldehyde decarbonylase－were present in this cyanobacterium. Some common algal biodiesel constituents－myristoleic acid (C
), palmitic acid (C
), and palmitoleic acid (C
)－were produced by strain KNUA012 as its major fatty acids. A proximate analysis showed that the volatile matter content was 86.0% and an ultimate analysis indicated that the higher heating value was 19.8 MJ kg
. The isolate also autotrophically produced 21.4 mg g
phycocyanin－a high-value antioxidant compound. Therefore, Limnothrix sp. KNUA012 appears to show promise for application in cost-effective production of microalga-based biofuels and biomass feedstock over crop plants.
Anti-oxidative Activity of the Extracts from Houttuynia cordata Thunb. Fermented by Lactic Acid Bacteria
Kim, Yong-Min ; Jeong, Hae-Jin ; Chung, Hun-Sik ; Seong, Jong-Hwan ; Kim, Han-Soo ; Kim, Dong-Seob ; Lee, Young-Guen ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 468~474
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.468
This study was performed to evaluate the possibility of application of lactic acid bacteria fermentation to increase the anti-oxidative activity of extracts from Houttuynia cordata Thunb. Houttuynia cordata Thunb. was fermented by two species of lactic acid bacteria, Leuconostoc mesenteroides 4395 and Lactobacillus sakei 383. The anti-oxidative activities of Houttuynia cordata Thunb. extracts were analyzed both before and after fermentation. Anti-oxidative activity was determined by in vitro assays to measure 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging and super oxide dismutase (SOD)-like activities, and by determining total flavonoid and total phenolic compound contents. The extracts of fermented Houttuynia cordata Thunb. had higher anti-oxidative activity than the unfermented control. The DPPH scavenging activity of the extracts after fermentation by Leuconostoc mesenteroides 4395 at 30℃ for 5 days was 71.67±0.52%, and after Lactobacillus sakei 383 fermentation at 35℃ for 5 days was 70.11±0.67%; these activities were both about 20% higher than the control. Increases of about 10 mg GAE/g of total phenolic compounds were found in both fermented extracts and both contained about 6 mg quercetin equivalents/g of total flavonoids, compared with 35.90±0.61 mg/g and 21.69±1.52 mg/g in the control, respectively. These results also suggested that fermentation time and temperature were important factors in determining the anti-oxidative effect of extracts from fermented Houttuynia cordata Thunb. These findings should be valuable for the development of medicines or functional foods with antioxidative activity.
New Four-herb Formula Ameliorates Memory Impairments via Neuroprotective Effects on Hippocampal Cells
Ahn, Sung Min ; Choi, Young Whan ; Shin, Hwa Kyoung ; Choi, Byung Tae ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 475~483
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.475
The current study was conducted to evaluate beneficial effects of a new formula (CWC-9) using four traditional Oriental medicinal herbs, Cynanchum wilfordii, Rehmannia glutinosa, Polygala tenuifolia, and Acorus gramineus, on hippocampal cells and memory function. To examine the neuroprotective effects of a new four-herb extract, cell viability, cytotoxicity, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) assays were performed in HT22 cells and behavioral tests (Morris water maze and passive avoidance retention), Western blot, and immunohistochemistry were performed in a mouse model of focal cerebral ischemia. In HT22 hippocampal cells, pretreatment with CWC-9 resulted in significantly reduced glutamate-induced cell death with suppression of ROS accumulation caused by glutamate. In a mouse model of focal cerebral ischemia, we observed significant improvement of spatial and short-term memory function by treatment with CWC-9. Phosphorylated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) in hippocampus of ischemic mice were decreased by treatment with CWC-9, but phosphorylated phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) and cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) were significantly enhanced. By immunohistochemical analysis, we confirmed higher expression of phosphorylation of CREB in the hippocampal neurons of CWC-9 treated mice. These results suggest that new multi-herb formula CWC-9 mainly exerted beneficial effects on cognitive function through regulation of neuro-protective signaling pathways associated with CREB.
Enhancement of Seaweed Rhizoid and Blade Formations by the Chlorophyte Codium fragile Extract
Getachew, Mehader ; Getachew, Paulos ; Cho, Ji-Young ; Choi, Jae-Suk ; Hong, Yong-Ki ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 484~489
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.484
Living organisms can maintain or extend their territories by producing allelochemicals that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms. To identify natural biostimulants of positive allelochemicals, we screened 18 common seaweed extracts for enhancement of rhizoid and blade production in a convenient Porphyra suborbiculata monospore assay. By addition of methanolic extract from the most potent green seaweed, Codium fragile, 100% and 50% enhancement doses reflecting the amount of C. fragile extract required to enhance rhizoid formation (in terms of number of spores with rhizoids per total spores tested) were approximately 100 and 50 μg/ml, respectively, in the P. suborbiculata monospore culture. The C. fragile extract quickly enhanced rhizoid formation, rhizoid numbers per rhizoid-holding spore, rhizoid length, blade formation (in number of spores with blade per total spores tested), and blade length from most monospores at early culture days. The extract enhanced rhizoid formation after 2 days of culture significantly, rhizoid numbers per rhizoid-holding spore after 3 days, rhizoid length after 3 days, blade formation after 2 days, and blade length after 1 day, respectively, from most monospores. The allelochemicals that enhanced favorite seaweed species may be efficacious for new seaweed management technologies, including the development of biostimulant agents based on natural products.
Brefeldin A-induced Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Leads to Different CHOP Expression in Primary Astrocyte Cells and C6 Glioma Cells
Park, Eun Jung ; Kwon, Taeg Kyu ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 490~495
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.490
Brefeldin A (BFA), a lactone antibiotic isolated from the fungus Eupenicillium brefeldianum, inhibits the transport of secreted and membrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi apparatus. BFA disrupts Golgi function, the accumulation of unfolded proteins in ER, and the induction of ER stress. Prolonged ER stress induces apoptosis at least in part through the transcription factor C/EBP (CCAAT/enhancer binding protein) homologous protein (CHOP),which is activated by the unfolded protein response (UPR). In this paper, we demonstrate that BFA-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress leads to different CHOP expression in primary astrocyte cells and C6 glioma cells. BFA induced lower CHOP expression levels in primary astrocyte cells than in C6 glioma cells; however, other ER stress inducers (thapsigargin and tunicamycin) resulted in similar expression patterns in these two cell types. Interestingly, the three different ER stress inducers (BFA, thapsigargin, and tunicamycin) induced similar levels of CHOP mRNA expression in primary astrocyte cells. The ubiquitin-proteasome inhibitor MG132 also markedly up-regulated the BFA-mediated CHOP protein expression in primary astrocyte cells. BFA also induced higher proteasome activity in primary astrocyte cells than in C6 glioma cells. Taken together, our results suggest that higher proteasomal activity might down-regulate BFA-induced CHOP expression in primary astrocyte cells.
Korean Traditional Fermented Foods - A Potential Resource of Beneficial Microorganisms and Their Applications
Dharaneedharan, Subramanian ; Heo, Moon-Soo ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 26, issue 4, 2016, Pages 496~502
DOI : 10.5352/JLS.2016.26.4.496
This review describes the diversity of Korean fermented foods and their significance as potential sources of probiotic bacteria. Fermented foods consumed in Korea are categorized according to their base material. Fermented foods such as kimchi, meju, doenjang, kangjang, jeotgal, and makgeolli are reported to have significant medicinal properties. These fermented products, which are consumed regularly by local people, are rich sources of beneficial microbes represented by several genera, including Weissella spp., Lactobacillus spp., Leuconostoc spp., Mucor, Penicillium, Scopulariopsis, Aspergillus, Rhodotorula, Candida, Saccharomyces, and Bacillus, as well as lactic acid bacteria. Fermented foods are now taken beyond the boundaries of their use as mere side dishes and are used significantly as a functional as well as medicinal foods. Fermented foods are a rich source of potential natural substances with antioxidant, anticancer, anticholesteric, antiobesitic, and antiaging properties, so that traditional fermented foods used as food supplements can impart health benefits. Publication of scientific studies on the dietary benefits of various fermented foods and growing consciousness about the potential health benefits of traditional fermented food are reflected in the scores of reports currently available in this field. Food microbiologists now have abundant opportunities to explore Korean traditional fermented foods for the isolation of new bacterial strains and to evaluate the potential applications of these strains through microbiological research.