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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Life Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Life Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Antioxidant and Nitrite Scavenging Effect of Soybean, Meju and Doenjang
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 473~478
The radical scavenging activity of the methanol extracts was in the order of doenjang〉 meju〉 soybean. The metha-nol extracts were further fractionated with dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water in sequence. Among the solvent fractions of the methanol extracts, the ethyl acetate fraction demonstrated high levels of radical scave-nging activity. On the other hands, the nitrite scavenging activity of the methanol extrats was in the order of doen-jang〉soybean〉meju. All fractions from doenjang were exhibited the strong nitrite scavenging effect. Especially,
, EtOAc and BuOH fractions with 6gmg/10
concentration exhibited much stronger nitrite scavenging effect than that of L-ascorbic acid. The ethyl acetate fraction showed remarkable antioxidant and nitrite scavenging effects compared with the other fractions obtained from soybean, meju and doenjang. The ethyl acetate fraction of doenjang was fur-ther purified by repeated chromoatograpic methods and isolated three compounds. There are identified as genistin, dai-dzein and genistein on the basis of spectral data.
Pronephros Induction by Combined-dose of Activin A and IGF-1, and High-dose Effect of IGF-1 in Xenopus Animal Cap Assay
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 479~485
The induction of nephric duct from Xenopus presumptive ectoderm(animal cap) was studied and the high-dose ef-fect of IGF-1 was investigated. Activin A induce various organs from cultured animal cap explants and the effects are time and dose-dependent. On the induction of nephric duct, the combined-dose of activin A and retinoic acid was very efficient method in reference study. In present study, we used IGF-1 as well as activin A as a combined growth factor. The concentration ranges of growth factors were activin A l00ng/ml an IGF-1 0-500ng/m1. Explants were cultured in combined solution for 3days to the normal embryo arrives at st. 43. In general, when the explant was cultured in high concentration(l00ng/ml) of activin A, it was destroyed, however, nephric duct and other tis-sues were differentiated by adding IGF-1. In addition, eye induction by adding IGF-1 500ng/ml to activin A 1- 100 ng/ml solution was studied. The low concentration of activin A(1ng/ml) have blood-like cell inducing effect and the explant was balloon-shaped, however, the high dose combination with IGF-1 extended the range of eye inductive concentration of activin A.
Site-directed Mutagenesis of Arginine 221 of Lymphocyte Mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase
Hyun-Ju Kim ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 486~491
Previously, we have cloned and characterized two ADP-ribosyltransferases (Yac-1 and Yac-2) from mouse Iym-phocyte. Yac-2 transferase contains significant NAD glycohydrolase activity as well as ADP-ribosyltransferase acti-vity. Yac-2 has an arginine at position 221 between two conserved glutamic acids. To investigate the significance of Arg-221 on enzyme activities, Arg-221 was mutagenized to Glu (R221E) and to Ala (R221A). Mutants R221E and R221A were active as wild type for ADP-ribosyltransferase and NAD glycohydrolase activity, suggesting that the arginine 221 in Yac-2 does not play a major role in enzyme activities.
Determination of Leaf Water Content by Beta Ray Transmission
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 492~496
Intact measurement of leaf water content was attempted using the transmission of beta radiation. Prior to the experiments, two tested plants, rice and soybean, were grown in 1/5000a wagner pot. The moisure ratio of plant leaves were measured with the beta radiation transmission method using a G-M detector and
Tc as the beta ray sou-rce. Beta radiation transmission showed a tendancy to increase with the passage of time after leaf cutting. However, it showed a tendancy to decrease with water supply for the lack of water. A positive correlation was found between the leaf water content and beta radiation transmission. The mutiple regression analysis about leaf water content was obtained that the coefficient of partial regression for beta radiation transmission was much higher(rice; -0.863, soybean; -0.904) than that for specific leaf area(rice; 0.007, soybean: 0.004).
Purification and Characterization of Cyclodextrinase from Bacillus stearothermophilus KJ 16
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 497~503
Cyclodextrinase from B. stearothemophilus KJ16 that can produce both cyclodextrin(CD) glucanotransferase and cyclodextrinase was purified 87.6-fold with 7% yield by ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-cellulose chromatog-raphy, Sephadex G-100 chromatography, and FPLC. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was about 68,000 dalton by SDS-PAGE. The optimal pH and temperature were 6.0 and 55
, respectively. The enzyme was stable at 5
for 2 hr in the pH range of 5.5 and 8.5. The enzyme activity was inhibited strongly by mercaptoethanol, di-thiothreitol, p-chloromercuribenzoate, N-bromosuccinimide,
. The purified enzyme hydrolyzed CDs with
-CD. The enzyme also hydrolyzed linear maltodextrins and polysaccharides, but the rates of hyd-rolysis for such substrates were slow as compared to that for
-CD. The final degradation products with all substrates were maltose and glucose. Maltose was not further hydrolyzed.
Water Treatment Characteristics by Foam Separator According to Operation Parameters
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 504~508
A study was conducted to evaluate a protein removal characteristics by foam separation. The foam separator was operated in well-mixed tank which would be considered as a completely mixed condition. The feasibility of foam separation to remove protein from fresh and sea water was investigated. Protein removal characteristics of the foam separator were obtained by batch reactor operations. To find the effect of the operating parameter to protein removal rate, the foam separation was carried with variation of initial protein concentration and foam height. The results indicated that the protein removal efficiency was increased with increasing protein concentration and decreased with increasing foam height. The relationship between protein concentration and protein removal rate was evaluated by linear regression.
Prelectin Histochemistry for Effects of N-Nitrosodimethylamine on Glycoconjugates in the Rat Lingual Glands
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 509~519
The effect of N-Nitrosodimethylamine(NDMA) on the glycoconjugates of rat lingual salivary gland was examined by prelectin histochemical methods. Sprague-Dawley rats weighing about 250-300g were divided into control and experimental groups. Each rat of experimental groups was administrated NDMA(17mg/kg) orally and sacrificed in 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 hours after NDMA administration. The regional differences and change of glycoco-njugates were elucidated by prelectin histochemical methods, such as periodic acid Schiff's(PAS) reaction, alcian blue (AB) pH 2.5, AB pH 0.4, AB pH 2.5-PAS, aldehyde fuchsin(AF) pH 1.7-AB pH 2.5 and high iron diamine(HID)-AB pH 2.5 staining. The major morphological changes in the von Ebner’s gland of NDMA administrated groups were withering and des-truction of serous acini, diminution and disappearance of cytoplasmic granules and vacuolation in cytoplasm of serous cells, and mucinous changes of duct epithelial cells. These changes were noted in NDMA administrated groups for 12 to 72 hours. In the lingual mucous gland of NDMA administrated groups, the major morphological changes were enlargement, fusion and destruction of mucous acini, loss of cytoplasmic granules and vacuolated generation in cytop-lasm of mucous cells, and mucinous change of duct epithelial cells. These changes were severe in NDMA administra-ted groups for 12 to 72 hours. In NDMA administrated groups of lingual von Ebner's gland for 12 and 72 hours, the neutral glycoconjugates be-come diminished remarkably compared to the control group. The decreased amount of neutral glycoconjugates tended to be gradually recovered from 96 hours group. The acidic glycoconjugates which were not detected in control group were found in a few serous cells of these gland of NDMA administrated groups for 6 to 48 hours and 120 ho-urs. The remarkable decrease of neutral and acidic glycoconjugates was observed in the lingual mucous glands 3, 24 and 48 hours after NDMA administration, and the striking decrease of acidic glycoconjugates was found in 72 hours groups. Among acidic glycoconjugates, sulfated glycoconjugates tended to decrease in NDMA administrated groups for 72 hours, while sialic glycoconjugates were increased in NDMA administrated groups for 3, 12 and 48 hours.
Effects of Plant Growth Regulators and Anti-oxidants on Rapid Multiplication of Cymbidium kanran
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 520~525
Effects of plant growth regulators and anti-oxidants for rapid multiplication of Cymbidium kanran were investigated. The best gelling agent was 2.5 g/1 gelrite which needed less quantity (about 28%) and half price than 9 g/1 chemi-cal agar. Undefined edible agar was only a little bit worse than chemical agar in growth, but the price was half as much as the latter. The higher concentration of BA and NAA, the deeper browning of medium that prevented from performing its functions of plant growth regulators. Polyvinylpyrrolidone (M.W. 40,000) was the most effective anti-oxidant other than ascorbic acid, aspartic acid, and rutin in protecting the browning of medium, enhancing the effect of plant growth regulators, and thus prolonging the subculture cycle. Vigorous seedlings were obtained by 0.1∼1.0 mg/1 BA,0.1 mg/1 NAA and 1 g/1 polyvinylpyrrolidone treatments. Therefore, the best result for growth and econo-mic aspects in rhizome culture of Cymbidium kanran were obtained by using MS basal medium with 2.5 g/1 gelrite, 1 g/1 polyvinylpyrrolidone, 0.1∼1.0 mg/1 BA and 0.1 mg/1 NAA.
Structure and Characteristics of Biodegradable Polyester from Actinobacillus sp. EL-9
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 526~531
In this study, the composition and characteristics of poly-
-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) biosynthesized by Actinobacillus sp. EL-9 are investigated. PHB produced by Actinobacillus sp. EL-9 was identified as the homopolymer of 3-hydroxy-butyric acid (PHB) by infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis. The melting tem-perature (T
), and crystallization temperature(T
) of PHB was 169.7
, respectively. The viscosity on he basis of Brookfield viscometer was 6.01 ㎗/g. The viscosity-average molecular weight estimated by Mark-Ho-wink-Sakurada equation was 1.08
Effects of Gentiana scabra Bunge var.buergeri Max. Extract on Lipid Metabolism of Serum in Dietary Hyperlipidemic Rats
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 532~536
This study was designed to observe the effects of the feeding Gentiana scabra Bunge var.buergeri Max. extract on the improvement of the blood glucose, lipids in the serum of dietary hyperlipidemic rats (S.D. strain, ♂) fed the experimental diets for 4 weeks. Concentration of blood glucose was significantly higher in the cholesterol administration groups (group 2(cholesterol+water), 3(cholesterol+Gentiana scabra Bunge extract) than those in the control group(group 1 (water)). Blood glucose concentration was rather lower in the group 3(cholesterol+Gentiana scabra Bunge extract) than in the group 2(cholesterol+water). There was almost little significance among the groups. Concentration of total cholesterol in serum was significantly lower in the group 3 than those in the group 2. Concentration of LDL-cholesterol in serum was significantly lower in the group 3 than that in the group 2. In the ratio of HDL-cholesterol concentration to total cholesterol concentration, Gentiana scabra Bunge extract administration group was higher percentage than in the group 2. Concentration of free cholesterol and cholesteryl ester in serum was significantly lower in the group 3 than in the group 2. Concentrations of triglyceride and phospholipid in serum were decreased in the group 3 than in the high fat diet group. The activities of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase in serum were increased in the all experimental groups than in the control group. From the above research, the Gentiana scabra Bunge var.buergeri Max. exacts were effective on the improvement of the lipid composition in serum of dietary hyperlipidemic rats.
Antibiotic Susceptibility to Isolated Bacteria and Fungi from the Indoor-air
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 537~549
This investigation was performed to isloate and identify the total bacteria, Staphylococcus spp. and fungi from the indoor air exposed for 30 minutes on the blood agar plate at the 27 places in a hospital. Antibiotic susceptibility tests of the isolated bacteria were also studied. The mean numbers of total bacteria, Staphylococci spp. and fungi were 26, 17, and 2 in the summer and 19, 8, and 2 in the winter, respectively. Staphylococcus epidermidis was the most common isolated bacteria, and the next was Staphylococcus aureus, Aerococcus spp., Micrococcus spp., and Bacillus spp. from the indoor-air of hospital. Aspergillus spp., Cephalosporum spp., Curvularia spp., penicillium spp., and Phialophora spp. was frequently isolated from the indoor-air of hospital. The 109 strains of isolated Staphylococcus epidermidis sho-wed resistance to tetracycline(45.0%), methicillin(40.2%), erythromycin(31.2%), and kanamycin(24.8%). The 76 strains of isolated Staphylococcus aureus showed resistance to erythromycin(71.7%), methicillin(63.2%), kanamycin (44.7%), tetracycline(39.5%), and ampicillin(32.9). The 67 strains of isolated Aerococcus spp. showed resistance to erythromycin(26.9%), methicillin(25.4%), kanamycin(22%), and tetracycline(22.4%). The 48 strains of isolated Micrococus spp. showed resistance to tetracycline(27.0%), methicillin(22.9%), erythromycin(22.9%), and kanamycin(20.8%).
Develoment of the Control System against Shrimp Viral Disease
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 550~556
In order'to reduce loss of shrimp productivity by viral diseases on the cultured shrimp, we were develope the effective shrimp virus control system. Virus is inactivated by above 5 ppm of chloride and treatment of 50% fresh water. Mortality of infected shrimp is decreased by feeding of immunostimulants such as peptidoglycan and schizophyllan. Mg(OH)
was one of improvement agents which have best effect on pH, ignition loss(IL), chemical oxidation demand(COD) and total sulfide of water and sediment of shrimp farm.
Correlation among Production Traits of Soybeans according to the Re-watering
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 557~562
This study was conducted to investigate the influence of soil moisture on the photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, leaf water content and its any correlation in soybean. Followings were achieved as a conclusion. At the soil moisture was moved from drought condition to saturation condition, the photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance and leaf water content were gradually increased on the period of re-watering treatment. The recovery of photosynthetic rate was faster than others. There were positive correlation with the photosynthetic rate and leaf water content, the stomatal conductance and leaf water content, the photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance respectively, but the correlation coefficient of photosynthetic rate and leaf water content was high.
The Effects of Training on Body Fat and Blood Lipid
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 563~570
The seven (7) housewives were used as subjects at three times per weeks for twelve (12) weeks in order to find out the effects of aerobic exercise and weight training on body composition and blood lipid. Each subject's weight, lean body mass, percent body fat, BMI and blood lipid were measured immediately after the training and the results compared with the same prior to exercises were obtained as follows ; 1. The weight and percent body fat of the subjects were slightly but not significantly decreased, however the lean body mass following training was significantly increased with 1.3 %. BMI S RBW were also not significantly decreased. 2. Calory intake was 1929.9 cal before the training and 1896.0 cal after the training, which doesn't shows much difference. 3. The blood lipid such as TC and LDL-C were a little increased after the training, but HDL-C shows significant increase of 22.7 %, and HDL-C/TC was significantly increased with 13.2 % (p<.05 ) as well. However, TG shows significant decrease (p<.05 ).
Monoclonal Antibody Recognizing Nervous System Specific Protein of Drosophila melanogaster
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 571~575
The nerve system specific protein of Drosophila melanogaster was produced by using heads of flies as the antigen. The monoclonal antibody 6H6 recognized the disabled molecules that a kind of tyrosine kinase substrate by expres-sion cDNA library screening method. At the same time, the antibody also specifically recognized C-terminal region of disabled protein from 7427 to 8761bp by DNA sequencing. In early embryos, the localization of antigen appeared in the central nerve system. In adult flies, the antigen showed specific localization on the axon of optic nerve, cerebral nerve and thoracic nerve, and they also expressed on the muscular nerve. The molecules of disabled are expected to carry an important function in developing central nerve system. In adult flies, it is suggested that the disabled molecules have a role for muscular nerve as well as neural axon.
Effect of Gonadotropin Administration on the Timing of Ovulation, Fertilizable Life of Eggs and Cleavage of Embryos in Rabbit
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 576~581
The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of gonadotropin administration on the timing of ovula-tion, fertlizable life of eggs and cleavage of embryos in rabbit. Mature angora rabbits were primed for superovulation with PMSG 100IU. Eighty hours later, the rabbit were induced to ovulate with HCG 100IU. Ovulation had started at 10hours after HCG injection and finished at about 16hours. Fertilizable life of eggs were lasted for 8hours after ovulation. The most frequent developmental stage observed from the embryos recovered at 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 hours after HCG injection was 2-ceIL, 16-cell, morula, blastocyst and blastocyst, respectively.
Structure of the Male Reproductive System in the Freshwater Prawn Macrobrachium nipponense
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 582~588
The male reproductive system of Macrobrachium nipponense consists of a pair of lobulate testes enveloped within a mesenteric sheath extending the length of the carapace. The paired vasa deferentia originated from the mid-lateral region of each testis and extended to the genital pores at the base of the fifth walking legs. The vas deferens has four morphologically distinct regions, i.e., a short and slender proximal region, a long convoluted region, an elongate distal region and an ejaculatory duct that terminates at the genital pore. The sperm mass produced in the testes is surrounded by a basophilic matrix adjacent to the high columnar epithelium and an eosinophilic matrix adjacent to the simple columnar epithelium. The sperm cord is stored in the ejaculatory duct until it is ejaculated. Androgenic gland is found near the subterminal region of the ejaculatory duct between the muscles of the coxopodite of the last thoracic leg. The cell of the androgenic gland is about 6~8
m in length, characterized by with extended chromatin in the large nucleus that stained weakly with hematoxylin and there is a large quantity of cytoplasm. The sperm of M. nipponense are typical of the palaemonid type, having a convex, cup shaped head and an elongated spike extending from the centre of the convex head. The spermatophore consisted of an eosinophilic matrix, a basophilic matrix and paired sperm masses which was surrounded by the basophilic matrix. It generally shows a bilaterally symmetrical structure.
Analysis of Compositions for Effective Utilization of Fish Scales
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 589~597
In order to effectively utilize marine processing by-product such as fish scale, chemical compositions for the scale were analyzed. The selected fishes were gray mullet, Mugil cephalus, living in the sea and carp, Cyprinus carpio in the fresh water, having a lot of scales among the fishes living in seawater and fresh water. And we also investigated the difference in the chemical compositions between gray mullet and carp, depending on both living circumstances. The major components of the scales were found to be crude ash and crude protein which were each about 49% for gray mullet and which were about 20% and 79% for carp, respectively, on the basis of dried scales. The proteins extracted from both scales proved to be collagen through amino acid compositions and SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic patterm. Also this scale collagen was assumed to by Type I collagen because the migration rate of
2 subunit of the collagen were almost the same those as calf skin Type I collagen. Most of proteins from gray mullet was collagen, however, the collagen content in proteins from carp was estimated to be only about 53%, on the basis of the ratio of hydroxyproline to protein. The crude ashes of both scales identified to be hydroxyapatite through element compositions and X-ray diffraction analysis. In conclusion, both fishes in different living circumstances were almost similar to in the chemical compositions but chemical contents for crude ash and crude protein.
Purification of Hemolysin from Vibrio anguillarum Isolated from Fish
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 598~603
A marine microbe, Vibrio anguillarum was isolated from fish and studied for its concerning pathogenic substance of hemolysin. Purification of hemolysin was achieved by the procedure of ammonium sulfate precipitation from cul-ture filtrate, DEAE-cellulose chromatography, and G-200 gel filtration with 36 fold of purification and 2.3% yield. The molecular weight of the purified hemolysin was 38,000 dalton by SDS-PAGE. The purified hemolysin was stable at pH 6-9, below 45
, and up to 1% of NaCl, respectively.
inhibited the hemolytic activity whereas EDTA and
Cloning of Elicitor-Inducible 5-epi-Aristolochene Hydroxylase in Tobacco Cell Suspension Culture
Soon Tae Kwon ; In-Jung Lee ; Joseph Chappell ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 604~613
The last enzyme of the sesquiterpen phytoalexin capsidiol synthesis in tobacco cell, 5-epi-aristolochene hydro-xylase which convert 5-epi-aristolochene (EAS) to capsidiol, was cloned by a reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction strategy and cDNA library screening. Cloned CYP-B3 contained high probability amino acid matches to known plant cytochrome P450 sequences and open reading frame with the conserved FxxGxRxCxG heme-binding region. Transcripts of CYP-B3 were not detected in control cells, but induced in elicitor-treated cells. Furthermore, CYP-B3 transcripts were induced by fungal extracts and cellulase but not by other stimuli(chilling, heat shock and 2,4-D). Induction of CYP-B3 transcripts by elicitor treatment was not affected by ancymidol and ketoconazole treat-ments suggesting that an inhibition of hydroxylase activity by Cyt P450 inhibitors resulting from post translational processing event.
Purification and Characterization of Inulinase from Penicillium sp.
Seok-Yong Kim ; Seok-Jong Suh ; Seon-Hwa Ha ; Seon-Kap Hwang ; Joo-Hyun Nam ; Dong-Sun Lee ; Soon-Duck Hong ; Jong-Guk Kim ;
Journal of Life Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1998, Pages 614~621
An extracellular inulinase from Penicillium sp. which isolated from soil sample was purified to a single protein th-rough ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE-Sephacel ion exchange chromatography and Toyopearl HW 65 F gel filtration. The temperature and pH for the enzyme reaction were around 6
and 4.0, respectively. The enzyme was stable at 3
and in the pH range of 4 to 5.
and EDTA inhibited the enzyme activity strongly. By contrast,
activated the enzyme activity. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was esti-mated to be 77,000 dalton by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The Km values of the enzyme for inulin were calculated to be
M. TLC analysis suggested that purified enzyme is exo-type inulinase. The NH2-terminal amino acid sequences of the purified enzyme was determined to be