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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation
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The Korea Society for Simulation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Dec 1994
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Jul 1994
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Potential of an Object-Oriented Simulator, AgvTalk
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 1~16
In this paper, the modeling capabilities of an object-oriented simulator, AgvTalk is demonstrated by designing and simulating a conceptually configuration of AGV systems, known as the tandem configuration. The characteristics and design methodology in AgvTalk are described between the tandem configuration for AGV systems and conventional AGV systems. Also, simulation between the conventional AGV system and its corresponding tandem AGV system are compared with AgvTalk in the job shop environment. From the simulation results, the characteristics of each system observed are discussed.
Statistical Analysis of Simulation Output Ratios
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 17~28
A statistical procedure is developed to estimate the relative difference between two parameters each obtained from either true model or approximate model. Double sample procedure is applied to find the additional number of simulation runs satisfying the preassigned absolute precision of the confidence interval. Two types of parameters, mean and standard deviation, are considered as the performance measures and tried to show the validity of the model by examining both queues and inventory systems. In each system it is assumed that there are three distinct means and their own standard deviations and they form the simultaneous confidence intervals but with control in the sense that the absolute precision for each confidence interval is bounded on the limits with preassigned confidence level. The results of this study may contribute to some situations, for instance, first, we need a statistical method to compare the effectiveness between two alternatives, second, we find the adquate number of replications with any level of absolute precision to avoid the unrealistic cost of running simulation models, third, we are interested in analyzing the standard deviation of the output measure, ..., etc.
Design and Performance Analysis of the H/V-bus Parallel Computer
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 29~42
The architecture of a MIMD-type parallel computer system is specified: a simulator is developed to support design and evaluation of systems based on the architecture: and conducted with the simulator to evaluate system performance. The horizontal/vertical-bus(H/V-bus) system architecture provides an NxN array of processing elements which communicate with each other through a network of N horizontal buses and N vertical buses. The simulator, written in SLAM II and FORTRAN, is designed to provide high-resolution in simulating the IPC mechanism. Parameters provide the user with independent control of system size, PE speed and IPC mechanism speed. Results generated by the simulator include execution times, PE utilizations, queue lengths, and other data. The simulator is used to study system performance when a partial differential equation is solved by parallel Gauss-Seidel method. For comparisons, the benchmark is also executed on a single-bus system simulator that is derived from the H/V-bus system simulator. The benchmark is also solved on a single PE to obtain data for computing speedups. An extensive analysis of results is presented.
Performance Comparisons on Processor Allocation Algorithms by Using Simulation Techniques
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 43~53
With remarkable progress of hardware technologies, multiprocessor systems equipped with thousands of processors will be available in near future. In order to increase the performance of these systems, many processor allocation algorithms have been proposed. However, few studies have been conducted in order to compare the performance of these algorithms. In this paper, simulation techniques are used in order to compare the performance of the processor allocation algorithms proved to be useful. These are: an algorithm using equipartion, an algorithm using average parallelism, an algorithm using execution signatures, and an algorithm using the number of tasks in a task precedence graph. Simulation shows that the algorithm using execution signatures performs best while the algorithm using average parallelism performs worst with small allocated processors. Surprisingly, the algorithm using equipartition performs well despite the fact that it has smallest overhead. Overall, it can be recommended that the algorithm using equipartition be used without any execution history and that the algorithm using execution signatures be used with some execution history.
Interface Scheme for Simulation Software with FMS Design & Operation
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 55~63
FMS is two or more computer controlled units interconnected with automated workhandling equipment and supervised by an executive computer having random scheduling capabilities. The complex nature of a FMS, coupled with the need to maximize its performance, means that such a system can be effectly designed only by iterative computer simulation methods. At the operational level, simulation had a reduced role to evaluate the performance of planned FMS under a variety of operating strategies. This is probably due to the fact that few simulation models are able to access the current status data of the system. This study reviews the role of simulation for design/operation of FMS and suggests an interface scheme for incorporating a simulation package with a FMS operational database. This scheme can be used for reducing the performance gap between design and real operation of a FMS.
Simulation Output Analysis using Chaos Theory
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 65~74
In the steady-state simulation, it is important to identify initialization bias for the correct estimates of the simulation model under study. In this paper, the methods from chaos theory are applied to the determination of truncation points in the simulation data for controlling the initial bias. Two methods are proposed and evaluated based on their effectiveness for estimation the average waiting time in M/M/1(
) queueing model.
Modelling and Performance Evaluation of Packet Network by DEVS Simulation
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 75~88
Discrete event modeling is finding ever more application to anlysis and design of complex manufacturing, communication, computer systems, etc. This paper shows how packet network systems may be advantageously represented as DEVS (Discrete Event System Specification) models by employing System Entity structure / Model base (SES/MB) framework developed by Zeigler. DEVS models and network structure representations support a strong basis for performance analysis of packet network systems. This approach is illustated in a typical packet network example with several routing strategies.
Analysis of Criteria for Selecting Load Redistribution Algorithm for Fault-Tolerant Distributed System
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 89~98
In this paper, a criteria for selecting an appropriate load redistribution algorithm is devised so that a fault-tolerance distributed system can operte at its optimal efficience. To present the guideline for selecting redistributing algorithms, simulation models of fault-tolerant system including redistribution algorithms are developed using SLAM II. The job arrival rate, service rate, failure and repair rate of nodes, and communication delay time due to load migration are used as parameters of simulation. The result of simulation shows that the job arrival rate and the failure rate of nodes are not deciding factors in affecting the relative efficiency of algorithms. Algorithm B shows relatively a consistent performance under various environments, although its performance is between those of other algorithms. If the communication delay time is longer than average job processing time, the performance of algorithm B is better than others. If the repair rate is relatively small or communication delay time is longer than service time, algorithm A leads to good performance. But in opposite environments, algorithm C is superior to other algorithms.
A Study to Reduce the Waiting Time in the Toll Gate
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 99~105
Most of the companies are forced to cut down the manufacturing cost to survive in the competitive environment. Among others, material distribution cost alone takes substantial portion of the total manufacturing cost. In this study, we investigate the waiting phenomenon in the toll gate and propose a new toll booth layout to reduce the waiting time, thereby reduce the total material distribution cost. SIMAN, a simulation language, is employed to evaluate the proposed layout. The experimental results show that the layout reduces the waiting time significantly. Furthermore, the result indicates that determination of the intermediate buffer space affects the performance of the proposed layout.
A Simulation System for the Automation of Logic Circuit Design
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 107~114
This paper describes an integrated environment for logic circuit simultion which is an important step of logic circuit design. The system consists of a logic simulator kernel, an expandible element routine library. a functional level element routine generator, several HDL input parsers, and a postprocessor. The system can simulate the same system in several levels of hierarchy. The experimental result shows that the system is very efficient and useful for design of logic circuits.
COMNAS : Performance Analysis Tool for Communication Networks
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 115~124
In this paper, we have developed a performance analysis tool for communication networks called COMNAS. COMNAS analyses the performance of wide area networks such as Korea Educational Network and Korea Research Environment Open Network which include local area networks such as Ethernet and Token Ring. COMNAS consists of model constructor, simulation implementor, output analyzer and user interface. Attributes of communication networks for modeling either have default values or are entered by user as object units, and implementation of simulation is automatically proceeded by user interface. Ouput results obtained by COMNAS are the status of node, link and entire network such as mean message transmission delay, throughput, utilization, and so on, and they can be selectively obtained upon the request of the user.
Simulation of Multiversion Real-time Transactions in Database Systems for Factory Automation
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 125~134
In real-time database systems, transactions's commitment done before the given deadlines is more important than just getting the maximum throughput. Transactions missing the given deadlines are no longer meaningful in real-time applications. Therefore, there is a need for new transaction processing models to meet the given deadlines in real-time database applications, because moat conventional transaction models are not designed to meet deadlines. In this paper we propose a new transaction models which uses multiple versions of a data item. The model uses read-from graphs and dynamic reorder of transactions to meet deadlines. A read-from graph contains the past read semantics of read operations and support the model to decide which database operation to be taken. Then, we show simulation results comparing the proposed model with other transaction models such as two phase locking model and the optimistic concurrency control model.
Development A Dynamic Simulator For Distributed Control System Application On Nuclear Power Plant
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 135~150
Object-oriented Modeling for Broadband Network Simulation
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 151~165
Broadband network based on the Asynchronous Transfer Mode(ATM) concept are becoming the target technology for the emerging Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network(B-ISDN). Since B-ISDN is very complex and requites a great amount of investment, optimum design and performance analysis of such systems are very important. Simulation can be widely used to analyze and examine the broadband network behavior. However, for the complicated system like broadband networks it is extremely difficult and time-consuming to develop a complete model for simulation. In this paper, an object-oriented modeling approach for the broadband network simulation is presented for the effective and efficient modeling. Object-oriented approaches can provide a good structuring capability for complicated simulation models and facilitate the development of reusable and extensible simulation models. We have developed an object-oriented model which consists of object model and behavior model. In the object mode., the components of the broadband network and both constant bit rate(CBR) and variable bit rate(VBR) traffic types of call level, burst level, and cell level are modeled as object classes. In the behavior model, the dynamic features for each object class are represented using the state transition diagram. It has been shown by illustration that objectoriented modeling is an effective tool for modeling the complicated B-ISDN.
An Intelligent Simulation of a Phosphoric Acid Plant
Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 167~178
For the identification of the optimal operating conditions of phosphoric acid plant, an intelligent simulation was performed based on the dissolution reaction of phosphate rock. A phosphoric acid plant consists of three main processes : ball-mill grinding process, rock reaction process and slurry filteration process. The grinding and filteration processes are relatively simple processes and most of the simulation works are on the reaction process. The practical operation data of phosphoric acid plant at Namhae Chemical Corp. were utilized in the simulation. The operation of the phosphoric acid plant is highly dependent on the heuristics of operators and so the expert system technology was employed. The operation of phosphoric acid plant varies with the origin of phosphate rock. Results of the simulation showed the optimal values of major process variables and optimal operating conditions. The knowledgebase for the expert system was constructed based on the interview with the experienced plant operators.