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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Plant Biotechnology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Plant Biotechnology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
The Effect of agrobacterium Density on Transformation Efficiency in Apple
Seong, Eun-Soo ; Cha, Ji-Eun ; Kim, Jeong-Hee ; Park, Seong-Whan ; Yu, Chang-Yeon ; Song, Kwan-Jeong ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 215~219
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.215
This study was conducted to find optimum bacterial density for improving the efficiency of transformation mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens in apples. Regeneration(15％) and transformation frequency(10％) were increased in resuspension-culture density
1.3 from preculture density
0.7 of Agrobacterium tumefaciens in ′Fuji′. In ′Gala′, 20% regeneration and 16% transformation frequency were observed at optimum bacterial density
0.7 form preculture density
1.3. ′Mclntosh as well as "Gala" were 25％regeneration and 10％ transformation frequency. Hence a frequency optimum condition of bacterial density for the efficient transformation of apple could be depend on apple genotypes.
Analysis of Genetic Variation of Perilla Germplasm Using RAPD
Kim, Doh-Hoon ; Yang, Bo-Kyung ; Kim, Hyeon-Kyoung ; Kim, Na-Young ; Jeong, Soon-Jae ; Kim, Ik-Soo ; Nam, Jae-Sung ; Lee, Jai-Heon ; Chung, Dae-Soo ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 221~226
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.221
Genetic variation of Perilla germplasms was investigated using RAPD markers. Forty-two Perilla frutescens lines and cultivars collected form locals were subjected to RAPD analysis using 220 primers. Among them only 13 primers showed polymorphic bands and these 13 primers provided a total of 144 bands, consist of 115 polymorphic and 29 monomorphic ones. The polymorphic bands were subjected to phylogenetic analysis using UPGMA and maximum parsimony (MP) methods. In the UPGMA method, similarity coefficiency of 42 Perilla frutescens lines and cultivars ranged from 0 to 0.7842. The dendrogram of 42 lines and cultivars obtained through UPGMA method resulted in two major groups, and the similar clustering pattern was found by MP method, suggesting Perilla germplasms utilized in this study truly can be divided into two major groups. Although the two major groups were consistent roughly with their phenotypes (under of node, weight of 1,000 grains, and oil content), in detail, much inconsistency also was present.
Selection and Agronomics Characterization of Radiation-Induced Variants in Rice
Lee, In-Sok ; Kim, Dong-Sup ; Choi, Su-Ryun ; Song, Hi-Sup ; Lee, Sang-Jae ; Lim, Yong-Pyo ; Lee, Young-Il ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 227~232
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.227
Radiation technique has been used to develope mutant rice. Suwon 345 rice seeds were irradiated with 250 Gy gamma ray. Morphological characteristics of the variants in M
generation were observed and random amplified polymorphic DNA(RAPD) analysis was carried out. Plant height, panicle length, 1,000 grain weight and lodging were very different in mutants compared with donor cultivar. RAPD analysis showed that polymorphic bands were presented in several primers of the mutants. In comparison with original variety, variants were classified into four group through UPGMA analysis. A group has mutation trait in panicle length, B group in plant height and C group in 1,000 grain weight. Among mutants, no. 46 and 147 was ranked as salt tolerance and the malonaldehyde content of these mutants was more increased than that of original variety. Valuable mutants obtained will be useful for developing new cultivars and for studing gene function in molecular level.l.
Agrobacterium-mediated Transformation of Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus using Embryogenic Calli and the Regeneration of Plants
Jeong, Jae-Hun ; Han, Seong-Soo ; Choi, Yong-Eui ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 233~239
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.233
We have developed a reliable and high-frequency genetic transformation and regeneration system via somatic embryogensis of Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus. Embryogenic callus obtained from seed were co- cultivated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain EHA101/pIG121Hm harboring genes for intron-
-glucoronidase(GUS), kanamycin and hygromycin resistance. Following co-cultivation, two types of samples(fine embrogenic calli and early globular embryo clusters) were cultivated on Murashige and Skoog(MS) medium containing 1 mg/L2.4-D for 3day in dark. Transient expression of GUS gene was found to be higher in the early globular embryo clusters than in the embryogenic calli. Also, co-cultivated period affected expression of GUS gene; the best result was obtained when globular embryo clusters were co-cultivated with Agrobacterium for 3 days. Subsequently, this callus transferred to selective MS medium containing 1mg/L2.4-D, 50mg/L kanamycin or/and 30mg/L hygromycin and 300mg/L cefortaxime. These embryogenic calls were subcultured to the same selection medium at every 2 weeks intervals. Approximately 24.5% of the early globular embryos co-cultivated with Agrobacterium for 3days produced kanamycin or/and hygromycin-resistant calli. Transgenic somatic embryos were converted into plantlets in half strength MS medium supplemented with 3mg/L GA
kanamycin and were confirmed by GUS histochemical assay and polymerase chain reaction analysis. Genomic Southem blot hybridization confirmed the incorporation of NPT II gene into the host genome.
High Frequency Protocorm-like Body(PLB) Formation through Root Cultures Doritaenopsis Hybrids(Orchidaceae)
Park, So-Young ; Oh, Sung-Rae ; Paek, Kee-Yoeup ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 241~244
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.241
Root cluster section culture, showing high efficient Protocorm-like body (PLB) formation capacity, were established in Doritaenopsis hybrids. Three types of root were obtained from excised shoots in 1/2MS medium containing different concentrations of NAA; \circled1normal roots, \circled2multiple roots and \circled3abnormal root clusters. Those were placed on 1/2MS medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/L thidiazuron for PLB regeneration. PLB regeneration rate was greater in root cluster section cultures (77.8%) compare to normal root tip cultures(30%). Number of PLBs regenerated from root cluster sections were counted over 11 per explant (5.3 per normal root tip).High frequency of PLB regeneration was achieved in root cluster section culture. This result can be used as an efficient method for clonal proliferation of Doritaenopsis hybrids.
Plant Regeneration Derived from Leaf Disk Cultures in Purple Sweetpotato
Park, Hyae-Jeong ; Ahn, Young-Sup ; Jeong, Byeong-Choon ; Park, Hyeon-Yong ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 245~249
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.245
This study was carried out to establish a regeneration system from leaf explant of purple sweetpotato(Ipomoea batatas L.) The optimal concentrations of plant growth regulators for callus induction and shoot formation were determined. The optimal combination for callus formation was 1
M 2,4-D 5
M BM, and highest yield of embryogenic calli were observed on Murashige and Skoog basal medium containing 0.5
M 2,4-D under light condition after 4weeks of culture. Embryogenec callus was subcultured on medium supplemented with 5
M ABA for 4 days. Subsequently, regeneration of adventitious shoots occurred when these embryogenic calli were transferred onto medium with 3∼6
M gibberellic acid. Regenerated shoots were developed into normal plantlets.
High Frequency Bulblet Formation in Scale and Stem Thin Cell Layer Explant Cultures of Lilium Oriental Hybrids
Oh, Seung-Cheol ; Chung, Myung-Hee ; Kim, Suk-Won ; Liu, Jang-Ryol ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 251~255
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.251
An efficient system for in vitro bulblet formation of Lilium oriental hybrids(cvs). Casa Blanca and Siberia is described. Transverse thin cell layer(tTCL)(1mm thick) explants of `Casa Blanca` formed bulblets at a frequency of 97.7％ when cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1mg/L 2,4 dichlorophenoxyacetic acid(2,4-D) (On average 15.6 bulblets were formed per explant). The frequency of bulblet formation was drastically reduced when the explant ghickness was thinner than 1 mm. Explants from the outermost layer of bulb scale produced greater frequency of bulblet formation than middle or innermost layer. Among auxins supplemented to culture medium at 1 mg/L, 2,4-D led to greater frequency of bulblet formation on explants than dicamba, picamba, or phenylacetic acid(PAA). tTCL explants from the middle region of the outermost layer bulb scale yielded greater frequency of bulblet formation than the upper or lower region. tTCL stem explants of `Siberia` formed bulblets at a frequency of 95.3% when cultured on MS medium with 1 mg/L 2,4-D(On average 9.1 bulblets were formed per explant). The system estabilished in this study will be useful for in vitro rapid propagation and genetic transformation of Lilium Oriental hybrids.
Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Calls Initiation and Organogenesis from Tissue Culture of Arabidopsis thaliana Stem
Park, Jung-An ; Park, Jong-Bum ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 257~261
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.257
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of plant growth regulators on the organogenesis from the tissue culture of Arabidopsis thaliana stem, and the origin of the callus development. When the stem segments were cultured on medium with 2mg/L IAA or NAA, adventitious roots and trichomes were differentiated after 11 days of culture. Callus vigorously formed on medium with 2/L2,4 after 7 days of culture, but adventitious roots and trichomes were not differentiated from callus after 10 days of culture. This results suggesting that picloram is very effective auxin for the callus formation and organogenesis. Callus weakly formed on 0.05mg/L kinetin, and formed on combination of auxins(2mg/L) with 0.05mg/L kinetin. But the effect of combination of auxins and kinetin the callus formation was less than 2,4-D or picloram alone. A histological examination of callus formed on picloram showed that phloram showed that phloem parenchyma cells were divided and enlarged after 2 days of culture. Cortex parenchyma cells were divided and meristematic nodules were developed from these cells after 4 days of culture. Finally, callus formed on outside of cortex and epidermis by division of meristematic nodules after 7 days of culture.
Micorpropagation of Corylopsis coreana by Thidiazuron Treatment
Kang, Hyo-Jin ; Moon, Heung-Kyu ; Yi, Jae-Seon ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 263~267
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.263
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of thidazuron(TDZ) on shoot proliferation and growth from axillary buds of 20-years-old Corylopsis coreana. Shoots proliferation was effectively achieved on WPM(Woody Plant Medium) supplemented with 0.03∼0.1mg/L TDZ. The highest shoot number(6.5
0.7) was obtained on 0.1mg/L TDZ treatment. On the TDZ medium shoots formed as clusters less than 1cm in height and therefore needed to subculture on GA
containing medium to induce elongation. In consecutive cultures, phenolic compounds were excreted at the proximal part of the explants and inhibited growth of the explants. Growth inhibition by the compounds was overcome using liquid and paper bridge culture system. About 60％ of the elongated shoots rooted on half- strength MS medium containing IBA. Generally, IBA was mire effective on in vitro rooting than NAA with optimal range of 0.5mg/L to 1.0mg/L. Rooted plantlets were transferred in an artificial soil(vermculite) and acclimatized in high humidity greenhouse condition. Survival rate differed greatly depending on rooting types of the explants. Two types of rooting were observed. The first type was direct rooting from the explants. The second type was callus formation followed by rooting from the callus. The explants showing the 1st type rooting survived can be multiplicated in vitro by TDZ treatment followed by elongation with GA
and rooting with IBA.
Micropropagation via Axillary Bud Induction of Eucalyptus pellita
Moon, Heung-Kyu ; Kim, Ji-Ah ; Lee, Hyun-Shin ; Kang, Ho-Duck ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 269~273
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.269
In order to develop an efficient micropropagation protocal for Eucalyptus pellita, on in vitro culture system has been was established by inducing axillary buds from greenhouse stock materials. Among 6different media tested, DKW medium was the best ot induce bast induce both shoot proliferation and growth. Average number of proliferated shoots of 403per explant was obtained at the concentration of 0.1mg/LBA. Most of the stem materials excreted phenolic compounds at the proximal part of the explant and caused darking of the media. Therefore, it was necessary to transfer frequently to a fresh medium and/or to add activated charcoal at the concentration of 0.02％(w/v). Generally on vitro roots were formed easily on 1/2DKW medium with NAA treatment. All the explants rooted at the medium containing 0.2mg/L NAA and displayed vigorous root growth in vitro culture conditions. After transferred to an artificial soil mixture (peatmoss: vermiculrite: perlite, 1:1:1, v/v/v) in the greenhouse, most rooted plantlets survived well without any morphological abnormalities. The results show that the species can be micropropagated effectively by the application of axillary bud culture system.
Plant Regeneration through Somatic Embryogenesis from Embryogenic Callus of Lacquer Tree (Rhus vernicifera Stokes)
Kim, Jae-Whune ; Lee, Won-Seok ; Kwon, Ki-Won ; In, Jun-Gyo ; Choi, Yong-Eui ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 275~279
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.275
Excised cotyledons and embryo axises of zygotic embryos of Rhus vemicifera were cultured on Murashige and Skoog(MS) medium with various concentrations of 2,4-D. About 3-5% of explants produced callus. Embryogenic callus was preferentially induced from basal parts of embryo axis of zygotic embryos seeds when they were cultured without removal of seed coats. Somatic embryos were developed from embryogenic callus in growth regulator-free medium after 2-3 subcultures on medium with 1.0mg/L 2,4-D and these embryos were matured to cotyledonary stage. Plantlets with well-developed shoots and roots from embryos were obtained on
MS medium with GA
. After acclimatization of plantlets on artificial soil, they were exposed to soil pots.
Rice Proteomics: A Functional Analysis of the Rice Genome and Applications
Woo, Sun-Hee ; Kim, Hong-Sig ; Song, Berm-Heun ; Lee, Chul-Won ; Park, Young-Mok ; Jong, Seung-Keun ; Cho, Yong-Gu ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 281~291
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.281
In this review, we described the catalogues of the rice proteome which were constructed in our program, and functional characterization of some of these proteins was discussed. Mass-spectrometry is the most prevalent technique to rapidly identify a large number of proteome analysis. However, the conventional Western blotting/sequencing technique has been used in many laboratories. As a first step to efficiently construct protein cata-file in proteome analysis of major cereals, we have analyzed the N-terminal sequences of 100 rice embryo proteins and 70 wheat spike proteins separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Edman degradation revealed the N-terminal peptide sequences of only 31 rice proteins and 47 wheat proteins, suggesting that the rest of separated protein sports are N-terminally blocked. To efficiently determine the internal sequence of blocked proteins, we have developed a modified Cleveland peptide mapping method. Using this above method, the internal sequences of all blocked rice proteins(i, e., 69 proteins) were determined. Among these 100 rice proteins, thirty were proteins for which homologous sequence in the rice genome database could be identified. However, the rest of the proteins lacked homologous proteins. This appears to be consistent with the fact that about 45% of total rice cDNA have been deposited in the EMBL database. Also, the major proteins involved in the growth and development of rice can be identified using the proteome approach. Some of these proteins, including a calcium-binding protein that tuned out to be calreticulin, gibberellin-binding protein, which is ribulose-1.5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygense active in rice, and leginsulin-binding protein in soybean have functions in the signal transduction pathway. Proteomics is well suited not only to determine interaction between pairs of proteins, but also to identify multisubunit complexes. Currently, a protein-protein interaction database for plant proteins(http://genome.c.kanazawa-u.ac.jp/Y2H)could be a very useful tool for the plant research community. Also, the information thus obtained from the plant proteome would be helpful in predicting the function of the unknown proteins and would be useful be in the plant molecular breeding.
Effects of Low Dose Gamma Radiation on the Formation of Shikonin Derivatives on Callus Cultures of Lithospermum erythrorhizon
Hwang, Hye-Yeon ; Kim, Jae-Sung ; Lee, Young-Bok ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 293~299
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.293
The effects of low dosage
-radiation on the cell growth and the formation of shikonin derivatives were investigated in callus cultures of Lithospermum erythrorhizon under different medium and light conditions. Gamma radiation significantly affected the cell growed and formation of shikonin derivatives, depending on the culture conditions. In the cell cultures grown on M-9 medium, 2Gy and 16Gy of
-radiation increased the calli growth and the formation of shikonin derivatives, respectively under 16hr day light condition. When calli were cultured for 60 days in the dark after irradiation of
-radiation, cell growth was increased at low dosage of 1Gy and 2Gy in LS medium containing BA 2mg/L and IAA 0.2mg/L. Interestingly, calli grown in M-9 medium by 2Gy irradiation for 60 days significantly stimulated the formation of shikonin derivatives(13.21mg/g cell fresh wt), which was approximately 6 times higher than untreated cells.
Effect of Nitrogen Source on the Cell Growth and Production of Secondary Metabolites in Bioreactor Cultures of Eleutherococcus senticosus
Ahn, Jin-Kwon ; Lee, Wi-Young ; Park, So-Young ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 301~305
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2003.30.3.301
The effects of inorganic nitrogen sources such as KNO
on cell growth and production of chlorogenic acid and eleutheroside E derivative were investigated in 5L bioreactor cultures of Eleutherococcus senticosus. The cell growth in the 1/2MS medium containing 15mMKNO
. The fresh weight of cells harvested from bioreactor was affected by the concentration ratio of NO
in culture medium. At the viewpoint of secondary metabolite production, the production of chlorogenic acid was affected by the concentration of NH
in the culture medium, but not by the total concentration of nitrogen sources in the culture medium. Futhermore, eleutheroside E derivative production was also affected by the concentration ratio of NO
in the culture medium. Base on those results, it is suggested that cell growth and production of secondary metabolite(chlorogenic acid and eleutheroside E derivative) could be manipulated by controlling the total concentration of nitrogen sources and the concentration ratio of NO
in the culture medium. medium.