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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Plant Biotechnology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Plant Biotechnology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Development and Application of PCR-based Markers for the Discrimination of Bang-Poong and Related Species
Hong, Seong-Mi ; Lee, Mi-Young ; Koh, Jae-Chul ; Ko, Byoung-Soeb ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~6
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.001
Bang-Poong and related species are an important herbal medicine. However, it is difficult to determine the commercial dry material through anatomical and chemotaxonomical characteristics. Here, we used a PCR-based technique for an accurate discrimination of Bang-Poong and related species. With the RAPD primers, 215 RAPDSs(random amplified polymorphic DNAs) were obtained, and 98% of them showed polymorphic patterns. RAPDs from the four primers were appropriate for the discrimination of S. divaricata
, those from the six primers for P. japonicum
, those from the four primers for P. terebinthaceum
, and those from the six primers for G. littoralis Fr.
. The specific bands from the primer 425 were obtained and used to develop SCAR (sequence characterized amplified region) markers, based on the sequence information of the RAPD markers. The SCAR primers generated a 215 bp fragment specific to Peucedanum terebinthaceum
, and a 177 bp and a 300 bp fragment specific to G. littoralis Fr.
. As a result, the three SCAR markers were able to discriminate from two Bang-Poong related species.
Establishment of a New Breeding Scheme for Rapid Release of Variety Using bar Gene Transformed Rice
Won, Yong-Jae ; Yi, Gi-Hwan ; Cho, Jun-Hyeon ; Ko, Jong-Min ; Park, Hyang-Mi ; Han, Chang-Deok ; Yang, Sae-Jun ; Kim, Soon-Chul ; Nam, Min-Hee ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 7~11
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.007
This study was carried out to establish a new breeding scheme which is connected with conventional breeding method and anther culture method. To develop a herbicide resistant and direct seeding rice,
plants were subjected to anther culture and regenerated plants from 5 crosses were studied to confirm the introduction of bar gene. After PCR analysis, we selected 227 plants which were carrying herbicide resistance gene (bar) out of 1,508 regenerated plants from anther culture. Among 169
lines carrying herbicide resistant gene from 5 crosses including YR23235 (Dongjin Ds3(Ba
)/ Milyang165), 42 lines that had superior agronomic characters were selected for further research. Among them, YR23235Acp79 which showed herbicide resistance, direct seeding adaptability and superiority in major agronomic characters was named Milyang 204. This breeding scheme proved that the anther culture of
plants crossed between transformant and cultivar or transform ant alone could be utilized in breeding programs for a rapid progeny fixation and development of a variety.y.
Agrobacterium Mediated Transformation from Callus Pretreated with Particle Bombardment in Lilium lancifolium Thunb.
Nam, Sang-Wook ; Kim, Hei-Young ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 13~17
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.013
To improve transformation efficiency, the callus of Lilium lancifolium Thunb. were bombarded by particles coated with pIG 121 Hm which include NPT II and GUS genes, and then cocultivated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens EHA101 which contain pIG121Hm binary vector, carrying neomycin phosphotransferase (NPT II) and
-Glucuronidase (GUS) genes. Three days after cocultivation with Agrobacterium tumefaciens and particle bombardment, the callus clusters were transferred to MS medium containing 1mg/L 2,4-D, 0.1mg/L BAP, 100mg/L kanamycin and 200mg/L carbenicillin. Four weeks after transfer to the selection medium, GUS expression was detected and PCR analysis revealed the presence of NPT II fragment of the expected size (700 bp) in the transformed callus. The GUS expression from Agrobacterium-mediated transformants after particle bombardment increased to over 3-folds compared with that of callus cocultivated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens without particle bombardment. The callus clusters containing kanamycin resistant gene were transferred to MS medium containing 1mg/L NAA and 1mg/L BAP. Somatic embryos were developed in four weeks and microbulbs expressing GUS were formed.
Morphological Characteristics and Genetic Relationship by RAPD Marker in Iris spp.
Hong, Seong-Mi ; Koh, Jae-Chul ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 19~23
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.019
This study was conducted to observe the morphological characteristics and to analyse genetic relationship using RAPD markers in 9 species of Iris. The period of flowering was shown very broad among 9 species of Iris, from April 22 to June 9. The flower stalk was fluctuated from 9.0cm (I. rossii) to 104.0cm (I. ensata). I. ensata has the largest flower size and followed by I. laevigata, I. tectorum, I. sanguinea, I. pseudacorus, I. lactea, I. rossii, I. minutoaurea, I. odaesanensis. Among the 108 amplified bands by PCR with 8 random primers, 107 showed polymorphism and only one showed monomorphism among 9 species of Iris. The average dissimilarity coefficient among 9 species of Iris was 0.252. The range of dissimilarity coefficient was shown as from 0.095 to 0.609. Nine species were divided into three groups. The first group was I. tectorum, and the second group was I. lactea, I. laevigata, I. pseudacorus, I. odaesanensis. I. minutoaurea, I. rossii, I. sanguinea, I. ensata were belong to group three.
Effects of Growth Regulators on Callus Induction and Plant Regeneration from Leaf Explants of Sedum sarmentosum
Ahn, Jeong-Ho ; Lee, Seung-Yeob ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 25~29
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.025
To establish the system of in uitro plant regeneration, the leaf segments of Sedum sarmentosum were cultured on MS media supplemented with different levels of 2,4-D, NAA and BA. The callus induction and growth showed a good response on MS medium supplemented with 3.0mg/L 2,4-D and 1.0mg/L BA, but a few callus induced on medium containing NAA and BA. In plant regeneration, combination of BA and NAA promoted shoot organogenesis from callus, and the highest frequency was obtained on MS medium supplemented with 0.2mg/L NAA and 3.0mg/L BA. When calli were transferred to the plant regeneration medium containing 0.2mg/L NAA and 3.0mg/L BA, healthy shoots without hyperhydricity were continuously induced (17.2 plantlets per callus) after 50 days of culture. When regenerated plantlets were transferred onto hormone-free MS medium, rooting was easily achieved from all of them.
Micropropagation of an Endangered Species, Stellera rosea Nakai by Tissue Culture
Han, Mu-Seok ; Moon, Heung-Kyu ; Kang, Young-Jae ; Kim, Won-Woo ; Kang, Byung-Seo ; Byun, Kwang-Ok ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 31~35
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.031
In order to develop an efficient micropropagation technique for an endangered species, Stellera rosea N., stem node cultures were conducted on MS medium supplemented with cytokinins. Generally, BA was better than zeatin on shoot proliferation from stem nodes, whereas zeatin showed more effective on shoot elongation. In vitro rooting of shoots was achieved by application of an auxin pre-culturing method. Overall rooting rate was relatively low and differed depending on the culture period. Pre-culturing of shoots for 15 days at 1.0mg/L IBA revealed a slightly better rooting efficiency reaching 30％ rooting rate than NAA. Root induction rate by NAA also varied with concentration of NAA and culture periods. Total 51％ of the rooted plantlets survived on artificial soil mixture and grew normally without any distinct morphological variation. The results suggest that the endangered Stetllera plants are propagated via in vitro culture system, but still need to more study for the improvement of rooting and acclimatization of the plantlets in soil.
Influence of Plant Growth Regulators on Shoot Multiplication of Thymus quinquecostatus Celak.
Lee, Keum-Young ; Kang, Ho-Duck ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 37~41
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.037
In vitro culture system was established to induce multiple shoots of Thymus quinquecostatus Celak. by investigating the effects of cytokinins. Stem explants were cultures on MS medium supplemented with either five drfferent plant growth regulators or their combinations under light or dark condition. The most effective cytokininsource was the combination of BA 1.0mg/L and TDZ 0.1mg/L for producing shoots (6.05
1.51), zeatin 2.0mg/L and TEZ 0.1mg/L for elongating shoots (3.27
0.66cm) under the light condition. In addition the most effective cytokinin was 2-ip 2.0mg/L for producing shoots(5.20
1.81), zeatin 2.0mg/L for elongating shoots(5.64
1.24cm)under the dark condition. Overall, the average percent for in vitro shooting was greater than 89.58％.
Efficient Plant Regeneration from Mature Seed-derived Callus of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.)
Woo, Hyun-Sook ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Lee, Dong-Gi ; Kim, Jin-Soo ; Won, Sung-Hye ; Lee, Byung-Hyun ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 43~48
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.043
As an initial step for future genetic manipulations to improve forage characteristics of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), an efficient tissue culture system was established and the factors affecting plant regeneration were evaluated. MS medium containing 5mg/L 2,4-D was optimal for embryogenic callus induction from mature seed and had a strong effect on successive plant regeneration. The plant regeneration frequency was observed at above 70％ when embryogenic calli induced were transferred to N6 medium supplemented with 1mg/L 2,4-D and 5mg/L BA. Among several basic media tested, MS and N6 medium were optimal for callus induction and plant regeneration, respectively. Genotype was an important factor in plant regenerability. `Jeanne` showed the highest regeneration frequency of 73％. A short tissue culture period and high-frequency regeneration system established in this study will be useful for molecular breeding of Italian ryegrass through genetic transformation.
Effect of TDZ (Thidiazuron) on Shoot Proliferation of Peace Poplar
Kang, Ho-Duck ; Moon, Heung-Kyu ; Park, In-Sun ; Lee, Min-Soon ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 49~53
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.049
Shoot formation was investigated from in vitro cultivation of exotic hybrid poplar (Populus koreana
P. trichocarpa) with a specific stomatal character occurring both upper and lower surface of leaves. Two different explants (stem and leaf segment) of Peace poplar were cultured on half strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium supplemented with the various concentrations of thidiazuron as a plant growth regulator. Most adventitious shoots were produced from excised ends of stem or mid-veins of leaf segments. The highest average numbers of shoots were 7.1 and 5.3 with the treatments of 0.02mg/L TDZ in both explants of stem and leaf segment. The highest shooting rates were achieved to 83.3％ and 47.6％ with the concentrations of 0.01mg/L and 0.02mg/L TDZ by axillary bud and leaf cultures, respectively.
Plant Regeneration from Adventitious Roots of Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz and Bioreactor Culture
Jeong, Jae-Hun ; Yu, Kee-Won ; Kim, Sun-Ja ; Choi, Yong-Eui ; Paek, Kee-Yoeup ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 55~60
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.055
This experiment was carried out to develop rapid mass propagation via shoot organogenesis system from adventitious roots of Rehmannia glutinosa. The induction of adventitious roots from leaf explants was most favorable to MS solid medium supplemented with 2mg/L IBA. However, the growth of adventitious roots was highest when they were cultured on 1/3 strength MS liquid medium supplemented with 2mg/L IBA. When the adventitious roots were grown in 10L bioreactor, 10g roots as initial inoculum was increased to 225g after 6 weeks of culture. The harvested roots were cultured onto solid medium to induce plant regeneration. The optimal adventitious shoot formation was observed on MS medium supplemented with 2mg/L BA. Rooting of individual shoots was induced after transfer to half strength MS medium without growth regulators. Plantlets after acclimatization were successfully transplanted in the field and no phenotypic variation was observed among them.
In Vitro Propagation of Alocasia cadieri Chantrier
Han, Bong-Hee ; Yae, Byeoung-Woo ; Goo, Dae-Hoe ; Yu, Hee-Ju ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 61~65
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.061
In order to micropropagate uniform plantlets of Alocasia cadieri Chantrier in vitro, the shoot tips were cultured on media containing various concentrations of BA and thidiazuron (TDZ). Multiple shoot formation from shoot tips was very effective on medium containing 0.1mg/L TDZ. The formed shoots from shoot tips were separated into a shoot, and cultured on media with BA, TDZ, and NM combination for proliferation. The shoots were multiplied very vigorously on medium with 0.5mg/L TDZ and 0.5mg/L NAA. The rooting and growth of multiplied shoots were more effective on medium with 2.0g/L activated charcoal, rather than those with IBA and NAA. Rooted plantlets show high survival in soil mixed with perlite 1: vermiculite 1 or vermiculite alone.
Effect of Casein on Somatic Embryogenesis and Plant Regeneration in Shoot Apical Meristem Explants of Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.)
Shin, Kong-Sik ; Roh, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Yeon-Hee ; Park, Young-Whan ; Suh, Seok-Cheol ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 67~72
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.067
An efficient protocol has been developed for rapid mass propagation of sweetpotato from shoot-tips derived embryogenic callus. Optimal embryogenic callus was induced from shoot apical meristem explants on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1mg/L 2,4-D. The addition of casein hydrolysate in the media increased the embryogenesis efficiency of sweetpotato. Somatic embryos were easily induced from the embryogenic callus on MS basal medium containing 300-500mg/L casein hydrolysate without phytohormon. Treatment of casein hydrolysate (100∼300mg/L) with 1mg/L 2,4-D also improved the secondary embryonic efficiency from somatic embryos below 2mm in length. Plant regeneration was achieved via somatic embryogenesis and direct organogenesis. Regenerated planlets with well developed shoots and roots on MS basal medium were successfully transferred to soil.
In Vitro Mitotic Chromosome Doubling by Chemical Treatments in Lilium longiflorum
Chung, Mi-Young ; Chung, Jae-Dong ; J. M. VanTuyl ; Lim, Ki-Byung ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 73~78
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.073
This study was carried out to develop an in vitro chromosome doubling systems for the breeding of tetraploid lily cultivar. Different concentration (ppm) and treatment time (hour) of colchicine, oryzalin and caffeine were compared for the efficiency of bulb regeneration and tetraploidization. The occurrence of tetraploid plants by colchicine was the highest in the concentration of 1,000 ppm for three hours. In oryzalin treatment, the best combination was at 30 ppm for three hours. However, the effects of oryzalin treatments were similar between 10 ppm and 30 ppm concentrations. The survival rate was dramatically reduced in a high concentration of caffeine although some treatments had a higher tetraploid induction. As a consequence, reliable results for the tetraploid production were obtained in the treatments of 1,000 ppm colchicine, 3,000 ppm oryzalin both for three hours, and 9,000 ppm caffeine for nine hours.
Effect of Methyl Jasmonate on in vitro Bulblet Formation and Enlargement from Shoot Clump of Allium victorialis
Park, So-Young ; Ahn, Jin-Kwon ; Lee, Wi-Young ; Park, Hae-Chin ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 79~82
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.079
The effect of abscisic acid (ABA) and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on bulblet formation from the culture of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum Makino was studied. Shoot clumps were cultured on MS medium containing ABA (0, 0.01∼2.0mg/L) and MeJA (0.01∼5.0mg/L). ABA at low concentrations (0.01mg/L) induced shoot proliferation without bulblet formation. However, bulblet formation started on the medium containing MeJA approximately in 4-6 weeks of culture. Furthermore, 1.0mg/L MeJA resulted in bulblet formation at high frequency (100％) as compare to the control (46.1％). Cortical cells of the bulblets enlarged on medium with MeJA had dense protein-like substance in expanded and round cells when examined under the microscope. The data described here show that formation and enlargement of bulblets from Allium victorialis can be improved by addition of appropriate concentration of MeJA.
Induction of a Sweetpotato Anion Peroxidase swpa2 Gene Expression by Stress-related Chemicals and Pectobacterium chrysanthemi
Kim, Yun-Hee ; Ryu, Sun-Hwa ; Kim, Kee-Yeun ; Kwon, Suk-Yoon ; Bang, Jae-Wook ; Kwak, Sang-Soo ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 83~88
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.083
Expression of an anionic peroxidase swpa2 gene isolated from cultured cells of sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) was investigated under various stress conditions by RT-PCR. The swpa2 gene was not expressed in any tissues of intact sweetpotato plant grown at the normal condition. The expression of this gene was strongly induced in leaf tissue by treatment of
(440mM). Treatment of NaCl (100mM), ABA (0.1mM) and methyl jasmonate(MeJA, 0.1mM) also induced the expression of swpa2 gene. Interestingly, salicylic acid (SA, 0.1 mM) did not induce the expression of swpa2 gene, indicating that anionic swpa2 POD is differently involved in SA and MeJA signaling pathways. In addition, swpa2 gene was strongly induced in sweetpoato leaf tissues infected with Pectobacterium chrysanthemi, indicating that swpa2 is involved in defense related to the pathogenesis of P. chrysanthemi in sweetpotato plants. These results strongly suggest that swpa2 gene is involved in overcoming oxidative stresses caused by both abiotic and biotic stress.
Production of Salidroside from Callus Culture of Rhodiola sachalinensis A. Bor
Kim, Soo-Jung ; Hwang, Baik ; Hwang, Sung-Jin ; Ahn, Jun-Cheul ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 89~94
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2004.31.1.089
Callus of Rhodiola sachalinensis A. Bor were induced from leaf explant on l/2MS solid supplemented with combination of auxin (2.4-D, NAA: 0.1∼2mg/L) and cytokinin (BA: 0.1∼0.2mg/L). The effects of various medium, culture conditions and phytohormones on the growth of callus were investigated. MS, WPM, B
medium and diluted or concentrated media (1/2X, 2X, 3X) were used to investigate the growth of callus on each media. Among these, the highest growth was observed when cultured in in 2B
medium containing 0.5mg/L NAA and 1mg/L BA, 3％ sucrose and 49.6 mM KNO
as nitrogen source, and 2.16mM NaH
as phoshate source at
in the dark. The calli cultured with 5％ sucrose produced high salidroside content (0.41％ on the basis of dry wt) than normal root (0.17％).