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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Plant Biotechnology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Plant Biotechnology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Development of transgenic potato with high content of sulphur-containing essential amino acids
Goo, Young-Min ; Kim, Tae-Won ; Lee, Min-Kyung ; Lee, Shin-Woo ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 40, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2013.40.1.001
Potato is the 4th important crop along with rice, wheat and maize. It contains high quality of starch with relatively high content of vitamin C and protein. However, there is a nutritionally limiting factor due to a low level of sulphur-containing essential amino acid including methionine and cysteine. Recently, recombinant DNA technology and metabolic engineering with genes involved in the bio-synthetic pathway have been applied to enhance the level of these essential amino acids. In this report, it has been discussed about the current status and bottleneck on the development of transgenic potato containing high level of sulphur-containing essential amino acids.
Members of the ran family of stress-inducible small GTP-binding proteins are differentially regulated in sweetpotato plants
Kim, Young-Hwa ; Huh, Gyung Hye ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 40, issue 1, 2013, Pages 9~17
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2013.40.1.009
Ran is a small GTP-binding protein that binds and subsequently hydrolyzes GTP. The functions of Ran in nuclear transport and mitotic progression are well conserved in plants and animals. In animal cells, stress treatments cause Ran relocalization and slowing of nuclear transport, but the role of Ran proteins in plant cells exposed to stress is still unclear. We have therefore compared Ran genes from three EST libraries construed from different cell types of sweetpotato and the distribution pattern of Ran ESTs differed according to cell type. We further characterized two IbRan genes. IbRan1 is a specific EST to the suspension cells and leaf libraries, and IbRan2 is specific EST to the root library. IbRan1 showed 94.6 % identity with IbRan2 at the amino acid level, but the C-terminal region of IbRan1 differed from that of IbRan2. These two genes showed tissue-specific differential regulation in wounded tissues. Chilling stress induced a similar expression pattern in both IbRan genes in the leaves and petioles, but they were differently regulated in the roots. Hydrogen peroxide treatment highly stimulated IbRan2 mRNA expression in the leaves and petioles, but had no significant effect on IbRan1 gene expression. These results showed that the transcription of these two IbRan genes responds differentially to abiotic stresses and that they are subjected to tissue-specific regulation. Plant Ran-type small G-proteins are a multigenic family, and the characterization of each Ran genes under various environmental stresses will contribute toward our understanding of the distinctive function of each plant Ran isoform.
Qualitative and quantitative PCR detection of insect-resistant genetically modified rice Agb0101 developed in korea
Shin, Kong-Sik ; Lee, Jin-Hyoung ; Lim, Myung-Ho ; Woo, Hee-Jong ; Qin, Yang ; Suh, Seok-Cheol ; Kweon, Soon-Jong ; Cho, Hyun-Suk ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 40, issue 1, 2013, Pages 18~26
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2013.40.1.018
Genetically modified (GM) rice Agb0101, which expresses the insecticidal toxin modified cry1Ac (mcry1Ac1) gene, was developed by the Rural Development Administration in Korea. To monitor the probable release of Agb0101 in the future, it is necessary to develop a reliable detection method. Here, we developed the PCR detection method for monitoring and tracing of GM rice. The primer pair (RBEgh-1/-2) from a starch branching enzyme (RBE4) gene was designed as an endogenous reference, giving rise to an expected PCR amplicon of 101 bp. For the qualitative PCR detection, construct- and event-specific primers were designed on the basis of integration sequence of T-DNA. Event-specific PCRs amplified specifically 5'- or 3'-junction region spanning the native genome DNA and the integrated gene construct, while none of amplified product was shown on crops, rice varieties, and other insect-resistant transgenic rice lines. The event-specific real-time PCR method was performed using TaqMan probe and plasmid pRBECrR containing both rice endogenous gene RBE4 sequence and 5'-junction sequence as the reference molecule. The absolute limit of quantification (LOQ) of real-time PCR was established with around 10 copies for one plasmid molecule pRBECrR. Thereafter, the different amounts of transgenic rice (1, 3, 5, and 10%, respectively) were quantified by using the established real-time PCR method, with a range below 19.55% of the accuracy expressed as bias, 0.06-0.40 of standard deviation (SD) and 3.80-7.01% of relative standard deviations (RSD), respectively. These results indicate that the qualitative and quantitative PCR methods could be used effectively to detect the event Agb0101 in monitoring and traceability.
Isolation of an actin promoter for strong expression of transgenes in the orchid genus Dendrobium
Koo, Ja Choon ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 40, issue 1, 2013, Pages 27~36
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2013.40.1.027
We isolated and functionally characterized a Dendrobium Actin1 (DmACT1) promoter that drives strong gene expression in the orchid genus Dendrobium. A genomic fragment containing the region 3227 bp upstream of the coding region of DmACT1 was obtained by inverse PCR. Detailed comparison of the full-length cDNA and genomic sequences revealed that DmACT1 has a 1374 bp first intron in the 5' UTR. However, the 5' flanking sequences upstream of the coding region showed no obvious sequence similarities compared to those of known promoters, including plant actin promoters. Serial deletion constructs of the 5' flanking region from the translation initiation codon were fused to the coding sequence of a GUS/luciferase fusion reporter to identify the regulatory elements necessary for promoter activity. Transient assays in the flowers of Dendrobium revealed that the 5' UTR-intron greatly enhanced promoter activity. Moreover, the DmACT1 promoter with its 5' UTR-intron yielded approximately 10-fold higher reporter activity than the rice Act1 promoter-intron. Our data suggest that the DmACT1 promoter with its 5' UTR-intron is a useful tool for strong expression of transgenes in Dendrobium orchids.
Rapid Agrobacterium-mediated genetic rice transformation method using liquid media
Yang, Dae-Hwa ; Chang, Ahn-Cheol ; Ahn, Il-Pyung ; Kim, Hae-Jung ; Kim, Dong-Hern ; Lee, Hyo-Yeon ; Suh, Seok Cheol ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 40, issue 1, 2013, Pages 37~42
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2013.40.1.037
Rice is one of the most important cereal crops as a model plant for functional genomics of monocotyledons and usually transformed using Agrobacterium tumefaciens. However, the transformation's process using previous method is still time consuming and uneconomical, low efficiency. In this study, we established a new method by modifying the general Agrobacterium protocol especially in the infection and co-cultivation, Agrobacterium elimination, infected calli's selection steps using liquid media. We directly inoculated Agrobacterium containing a ZjLsL gene under the control of constitutive promoter into the 1- to 3-week-old rice calli derived from mature seeds. After 3 days of co-cultivation, the infected calli were transferred onto liquid media of Agrobacterium elimination and calli's selection for 3 days. The calli were transferred to calli's growth solid media for 14 days and then the calli transferred to shoot induction and root induction media. Putative transformants were initially selected on the medium containing phosphinothricin, and the PAT protein verified by PAT strip test. This method in this study would lead to reduction of substantial labor and time to generate transgenic plants.
Effects of NaOCl treatment on in vitro germination of seeds of a rare endemic plant, Oreorchis coreana Finet
Bae, Kee-Hwa ; Ko, Myoung Suk ; Lee, Mi Hyun ; Kim, Nam Young ; Song, Jae Mo ; Song, Gwanpil ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 40, issue 1, 2013, Pages 43~48
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2013.40.1.043
Oreorchis coreana Finet is threatened globally by over-collection from its natural habitats for horticultural purposes. Its rarity in nature makes this plant one of the most endangered species in Korea. In this study, we investigated the effects of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) on orchid seed viability and seed germination. An in vitro bioassay swelling test using immature seeds was compared with a standard chemical procedure using triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) to test seed viability. In general, the bioassay was more appropriate for estimating embryo viability after a prolonged pre-treatment (more than 1 h) in 1% NaOCl, a surface sterilant often used to enhance germination of seeds of terrestrial plants. Therefore, an efficient method for investigating in vitro swelling of immature seeds is urgently needed. We established a method for determining the viability and swelling of O. coreana seeds via in vitro examination of immature seeds. Treatment of immature seeds with 1% NaOCl for 10 min greatly enhanced the extent of swelling of immature zygote embryos when compared to untreated seeds. These data obtained here appear to be comparable to viability and swelling that occurs in O. coreana seeds via asymbiotic germination.
Enhanced bacterial resistance in transgenic tobacco expressing a BrRZFP1 encoding a C3HC4-type RING zinc finger protein from Brassica rapa
Jung, Yu Jin ; Nou, Ill Sup ; Hong, Sung Kee ; Lee, Young Kee ; Cho, Yong Gu ; Kang, Kwon Kyoo ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 40, issue 1, 2013, Pages 49~54
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2013.40.1.049
C3HC4-type RING zinc finger proteins essential in the regulation of plant processes, including responses to abiotic stresses. We previously isolated and examined the C3HC4-type RING zinc finger protein (BrRZFP1) from Brassica rapa under abiotic stresses. To elucidate the role of the BrRZFP1 transcription factor in gene regulation, we transformed tobacco plants with the BrRZFP1 gene. Plants were regenerated from 82 independently transformed callus lines of tobacco and analysed for transgene expression. Transgene integration and expression was confirmed by Southern and RT-PCR analyses, respectively. T2 plants displayed more tolerance to the bacterial pathogens Pectobacterium carotovorum and Ralstonia solanacearum, and the tolerance levels were correlated with BrRZFP1 expression levels. These results suggest that the transcription factor BrRZFP1 is an important determinant of stress response in plants and its overexpression in plants could increase biotic stress resistance.
Procambium differentiation and shoot apical meristem development in somatic embryos of soybean (Glycine max L.)
Choi, Pil Son ; Kwon, Suk Yoon ;
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, volume 40, issue 1, 2013, Pages 55~58
DOI : 10.5010/JPB.2013.40.1.055
Immature embryos of Glycine max L. was cultured on Murashige and Skoog's (MS) medium supplemented with 1 mg/L 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D). After 6 to 8 weeks of culture, immature embryos produced somatic embryos. Of somatic embryos, two cotyledonary embryo (14%), one cotyledonary embryo (37%), fused cotyledonary embryo (43%), and stunted globular embryos (6%) were observed. The procambial strand of cotyledons originated from circular procambial tissues of lower hypocotyl. The circular procambial tissues were independently divided into one or two procambial strand at the edge of cotyledonary-node, and then connected to each cotyledon to form somatic embryos with one or two cotyledons. When cotyledon was a fused type, the circular procambial strand in lower hypocotyl was continuously connected to the cotyledon. Also, somatic embryos with two cotyledons developed a functional shoot apex with the tunica-corpus structure. In contrast, somatic embryos with one or fused cotyledon formed an abnormal shoot apex without the tunica-corpus structure or with non-dome shape in the inter-cotyledonary area. These results indicated that the variation of cotyledon in somatic embryos is closely related to procambial differentiation and shoot apical meristem development.