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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Interior Design
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
An Architectural Study on the Spatial Organization and Area Distribution of Community Service Centers in Ansan City
Choi, Hyeng-Soon ; Park, Jae-Seung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 3~10
The Community Center is a location designated to enhance the spirit and unity of the residents in the community, through construction and promotion of entertainment, welfare of citizens, and cultural activity. Recently, the roles of the Community Center has become far more diverse, and multiple gadgets and apparatus to encourage the participation and usage of the programs offered at the Community Center. Therefore, the general consensus predicts that the Community Center will continue to encourage further interaction and cooperation, and perform its functions accordingly. The function of this plan is to enable the usage of the basic blueprint of the current Community Center, if in the near future, new buildings were to be constructed, by extracting and deducting the current innovations in the architectural blueprint of the Community Center and the comprising factors within. The specimen of this plan will be the case of Ansan City, and in order to activate this plan, we will contemplate about the functions and placement standards before we actually go through the process of interpreting and analyzing data of the case of Ansan City's Community Center, particularly its comprising factors and changes in their construction plan. We are planning to organize the programs that the Community Center is offering, and process information relating to the base of the edifice, in order to enhance the efficacy and efficiency of the process.
A Basic Survey Study on the Research Tendency for Green Interior Architecture
Chong, Jae-Uk ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 11~18
Including interior architecture, diverse fields of study for eco-friendly environment is in progress due to the world's crisis consciousness of global environment. And nevertheless, practical use of the research results are still low and systematical problems of the studies are inevitable reality. Thus, this study focused on to the enbodiment of green interior architecture study understanding the problems of precedence studies to make suggestion for the future direction and balancing green interior architecture study seeking for better motivation. Analysing results of the precedent studies indicates that the existing studies loss its diversity and concentrated in the narrow based directions. For the enbodiment of green interior architecture, not simply immerse existing planning method found from case study, the study need to perform in overall areas of green interior architecture and diversify its direction. Besides space designer, user's consciousness are also important results to form a new paradigm of eco-friendly environment. For the applications and use of the study results as the design factor in green interior architecture, first and the most important stept is to innovate attitude towards the nature and shift of consciousness through education as well as the relative studies of design and planning realm to drive both technical, and non-technical design factors are highly demanded.
An Analysis on the Needs of Small Houses According to the Preferred Type of Emotional Design
Kwon, Yoon-Ji ; Kang, Soon-Joo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 19~26
The purpose of this study was to small house plans according to the preferred type of emotional design. The human emotions was a major factor for small houses plan's needs. In this study is direction of the basic plan for the small houses of the spatial planning and services and the needs of community facilities. Preferred types of emotional design was identify the propensity of consume, adjectives, colors and forms. For this study, survey methods were used for data collection. The effective numbers of survey questionnaire was 183, and the survey analysis has been made by using of SPSS win 18.0. The major findings were as followings: 1) Preferred types of emotional design were "Eco-Classic oriented group", "Unspecified commonness group", "Creative design oriented group" classified. 2) "Eco-Classic oriented group" wanted Eco-system and the community space. "Unspecified commonness group" wanted Simple and universal style. "Creative design oriented group" wanted flexible styles and various items. Therefore, depending on need group is the main target-specific as well as flat planning and interior style facilities and the provision of services to be competitive in the small house could indicate. These results can provide improvement guidelines for the small house plans.
A Study on Characteristics of Emotional Design in Smart Space - Centered on Future Housing Gallery of Construction Companies -
Kim, Mi-Shil ; Moon, Jeong-Min ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 27~35
Various thoughts about the concept of space have brought a variety of paradigms to the trend. Just as existing information innovation applied activity and function of physical space for computers to overcome time and space limits, future space transplants intelligence to all the objects as organic whole in electronic and physical space by using IT technology to create emotional space. The most universal housing space in our living has had considerable changes in application of life style and technology. However, advanced technology space which corresponds to acceptance and desires of residents does not meet the needs and emotion of residents because of its limited network system. Therefore, it should be transformed into smart space which stimulates human emotion in the trend of advanced technology culture. As future residential space needs technological elements and design process which can stimulate human emotion, this study is to analyse it as a base of emotional design. This study aims to present characteristics of space image for space realization which meets the age of smart technology in terms of unifying smart space with emotional design, focusing on four future housing galleries shown by construction companies. First, the study speculated smart space in theory and classified characteristics and types of smart space into connectivity, sensitivity, reiteration and variability according to changes in space paradigm. Second, the study identified the background and main points emotional design appeared, analysed types of smart space based on characteristics of experimentation, connectivity and symbolism and speculated characteristics of emotional design in each type. In respect to characteristics of emotional design in smart space, organic connection and sensitivity are remarkably presented through experimentation and reiteration is presented through organic connection and experimentation, and variability through symbolism and experimentation.
A Study on the Evolution of the Spatial Organization appeared in Local Government Buildings in Korea
Choi, Yoon-Kyung ; Hyun, Chang-Yong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 36~43
The study presupposes that, ever since its modernization, the Korean local government buildings have undergone an evolutionary process of their spatial organizations and the process can be analyzed in terms of increased publicness of architectural space. For the purpose, fifteen examples of local government buildings in Korea are selected and analyzed in terms of their plans converted into spatial diagrams measuring accessibility depth. Within these analytical diagrams, some quantitative measures such as permeability and visual connection, and the number of decision making points that visitors face on the way to their targets. The study analyzes these analytic measures of selected samples which are categorized into three chronological groups in order to search any evolutionary tendency of spatial transformation. The analysis shows that the accessibility of public functions and presumably the publicness of the spatial organization of local government buildings has been increased. The results of the study implies that, to acquire architectural publicness in government buildings, not only the insertion of public programs but also the organization of open spatial structure is significant.
A Study on the Spatial Experience and Design Characteristics in Louisiana Museum of Modern Art
Kim, Jong-Jin ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 44~52
Louisiana Museum of Modern Art near Copenhagen is the most visited art museum in Denmark. It was originally founded by the director of the time, Knud W. Jensen and designed by two Danish architects, Vilhelm Wohlert and J
rgen Bo. The first part of the museum was built and opened to the public in 1958. The first part consisted of just a few exhibition spaces and glass corridors. But museum has been expanded step by step into a large park-like museum throughout 40 years of time. Louisiana museum has a unique environment in which art, architecture and nature are inter-related together. There was a very clear background for this museum atmosphere that was created by Knud W. Jensen from the very beginning. He wanted to make 'a sculptural park' or 'a low pavilion in the park'. The concept of 'park' was the key element. The architects, especially Vilhelm Wohlert who studied at the western area of the United States and influenced by the bay area architecture as well as the oriental wooden structure, interacted with the director's idea fully and made an invisible architecture in which 'Experience of Space' is the most important aspect. This thesis aims to analyze several crucial spaces of the museum and to find a hidden design characteristics. Chapter 2&3 explains general backgrounds and main design philosophy. Chapter 4 studies each parts' spatial experience and design methods with 3-dimensional diagrams. Chapter 5 tries to make an overall design characteristics that underlines the whole museum environment. The significance of Louisiana museum is not only in the fact that it is the most visited, but also in the fact that the role of architecture is to make a better environment where human and art are harmonized together within nature. The utopian idea of the founder started in doubt almost 50 years ago has been already successful in this small but vibrant park.
User Evaluation of Common Spaces in Cultural Facilities in Local Area - From the Universal Design Point of View -
Oh, Chan-Ohk ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 53~61
As the standard of living has raised and the local self-governing body has enforced, cultural facilities have been increased in local areas. These cultural facilities should be designed to consider various users. However, most facilities were designed to focus on size or visual expressions. Therefore, this study was intended to evaluate common spaces of two cultural centers in local area from the universal design point of view. Two cultural centers located in large apartment complex were selected. The evaluating tool consisted of 46 elements related to universal design. The common space were pathway to entrance, parking lot, entrance, all over building, corridor, and restroom. Each 100 users of these two cultural centers evaluated them using by 5-point Likert scale. The results were as follows; The users rated them positively, but not highly. This means that some improvement were needed. Generally, the consideration for upgrading the quality of design such as material, pattern and color needed, and for various users including wheelchair users and seniors were needed. Also, when considering the users' behavior pattern and purposes, installing canopy over entrance, and providing seating places at corridor or pathway were needed.
A Study on the Efect of Brand Personality of Fashion Flagship Store on Brand Loyalty in Interior Design - Focus on the Fashion Flagship Store of Louis Vuitton -
Cho, Yeon-Joo ; Lee, Ju-Hyeong ; Park, Chan-Il ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 62~70
Fashion flagship store is to maximize brand's image, not for sales. As a value for consumption is changing into expression of individual styles and egos through brands' images based on their personalities rather than products, today, people are laying stress on expression of brands' personalities with spatial design of fashion flagship store to create differentiated brand images. This study was designed to examine brand personalities expressed in fashion flagship store's spatial design, and spatial components and ways of expression to influence them, and analyze how brand personality has an impact on brand loyalty. According to the results of this study, brand personality in fashion flagship store's space design of Louis Vuitton has three characteristics such as sincerity, vitality and tenacity, and display, pattern, furniture, color and wall have high influences on expression of its brand personality. Also, the higher brand personality got, the higher brand loyalty went up. These results imply that fashion flagship store's space design expressing differentiated brand personalities influences customers' brand loyalty to constantly use the brands, and thus is highly important for brand marketing of this day.
Analysis on Space Image Evaluation through Recognitive-Emotional Factor
Song, Young-Min ; Lee, Dong-Ki ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 71~78
Although the recognition and emotion about space is subjective and individual, if standard is proposed through common factor, objective, quantified space image evaluation will be available. In addition, space image evaluation standard caused by recognitive-emotional factor can meet requests of space users and increase psychological satisfactions. The purpose of this study is to grasp the space image caused by recognitive-emotional factor in space with PAD model and analyze the evaluation of space image giving visual, recognitive and emotional effects. The analysis result revealed that 'joyfulness' and access-avoidance had a very similar distribution. The result means that space is evaluated with the degree of 'joyfulness' for space and it is led by approach-avoidance behavior. The recognition factor that forms and evaluates space image and decides approach-avoidance is expressed as adjective images such as 'fresh, joyful, light and static and its emotional factors are adjective images such as 'calm, allowable, joyful and quiet'.
A Study on the Principles of Extensive Connection in Psychological and Spatial Structure - Focused on the Extension Theory of Alfred North Whitehead -
Park, Kyoung-Ah ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 79~87
Spatial perception and spatial structure that focus on psychological effects produce a real force through the medium of space that can control human actions, even their psychology. The job of understanding the characteristics and effects of architectural spaces that recognize the relationship between architecture and human beings, including the psychological dimension, is an alternative search for quality spaces that can increase the mutual relationship between space and human beings. This paper introduces two propositions called "space" and "psychology" in order to discover a meta-pattern connecting space and the human mind with the aim of systematizing that internal network and establishing a new architectural system concerning space and human beings. This paper also proposes a method of accessing physical spaces that can affect psychological states through a conceptual substitution called "extension," with the aim of discovering the implications inherent in such extensive relationships and proposing a methodology of organizing psychological spaces based on the characteristics of that extensive connection. The means of extensively connecting psychological spaces were classified into the three categories of memory system, sensory system, and motor system, and their corresponding extensive connection characteristics called "simultaneous relativity," "non-mediated immediacy," and "purification process" were also derived. These characteristics accelerate the changes in psychological intensity and function as principles that organize psychological space.
A Study of the Expressional Characteristics of the Context of Public Space - Focused on the Case of the CheongGye-Cheon and the Gwanghwamun Square -
Yong, Eun-Young ; Lee, Chan ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 88~96
In contemporary urban space, the identify is absent because of the object-oriented plans that ignore the context of urban space, and the ignorance of the regional characteristics and the historicity of places. Due to this reason, urban space lost its unique characteristics and becomes a mismatch with its surroundings. To solve these problems, the ideological trend of post-modernism emerged and new spatial paradigm rose based on the contextual concept to go with this trend. This contextual concept should be considered more importantly in the public space with discontinuous many and unspecified behavioral patterns. The components of space do not exist independently with individual identity. They should be considered based on a holistic view formed by the relations among elements and the establishment of those relations, and through this, correct identity can be established. Thus, this paper aims to analyze the context of spatial components through new contextual views on public spaces and study the expressional characteristics unveiled between these relations.
A Study on Characteristics of Hundertwasser - Focus on his paintings and Architecture Projects -
Chung, Yu-Jin ; Kim, Heung-Seob ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 97~104
Art has always been a witness to its time. The art of our century has lived through two world war. In that time Friedensreich Hundertwasser was born to a half Jewish family in Vienna in 1928. He lived and died as a painter, architect, designer, ecologist, writer, innovator... etc. He was impressed form Gustav Klimt, who pioneered the Viennese Secession which was the Austrian expression of the Art-Nouveau mouvement and inspired by the works of Egon Schiele from an early date. His style as an architect was heavily influenced by Antonio Gaudi and some of the Jugendstil architects. Although his architectural work is comparable to Gaudi in its biomorphic forms and use of tile, but is currently renowned for his unique styling. His character as follows; First, Bold color - His use of color is bold, and he has a strong sense of which color work well together. Second, Curved line & Spiral - It's the primary shapes in his works against the tyranny of ugliness and the iron rule of its straight line. Spiral reveal as a transautomaism. Third, Harmony with nature - His work is the creator of beauty, of nature of harmony, peace of joy, against the contradictions of our post-industrial society. He represented these various characteristics in his works. Hundertwasser first achieved notoriety for his boldly-colored painting, he is more widely renowned today for his revolutionary architectural designs.
A Study of Self-Realization in Cinema Space - Focus on the Symbol of Analytical psychology -
Jeong, Hyang-Kug ; Hur, Bum-Pall ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 105~115
We are inundated with visual media; countless such media, ranging from Hollywood blockbusters, American drama, Korean films with enormous budgets to independent films, appeal to our sensibility and engage our empathy and insight. The making of mega-hits that attract millions and a drama of viewer ratings of over forty percent lies in how persuasive the sensibility of the narratives are to an audience from a different milieu and personality. It leads to a question: how can empathy of such a varied group of people be won towards the perspective of directors and authors who come from different nationality and ethnicity to themselves? In exploring the issue, I aim to adopt a psychoanalytical view of human psychology, into consciousness and unconsciousness. Freudian psychoanalysis and Jungian analytic psychology in depth psychology underpin my analysis of visual media. It further enables my examination of unconsciousness applied to spatial design, which is elementary in visual media. In sum, this research aims to improve understanding of spatial design in films, a product of creative human consciousness, by interpreting this as an outcome of the unconscious. This is to apply the concept of collective unconscious in Jung's analytical psychology.
Study on Features of Ecological Space of Biomimicry
Choi, Ji-Hye ; Kim, Kai-Chun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 116~123
How to see nature and how to define the relation between nature and the human certainly influence fundamental attitude toward nature and any results derived from the attitude. Therefore, in order to figure out a way for how the humans and nature should coexist, the thesis has began a philosophical analysis on the origin of the biomimetics. Based on findings from the analysis, the thesis would work on the features of biomimicry space, presenting related possibilities. For the philosophical characteristic of the thesis which was an ecological world view, introduced at the end of mechanical world view era, the ideas of Spinoza, Nietzsche, Bergson and Deleuze about nature were quoted. Based on what the philosophers have said, the thesis looks into successful ideas, designs and ways of living that nature has shown by itself. After all, the purpose of the thesis is to investigate the constantly changing space of the biomimetics by organic forms, autonomous systems and dividing programs. Based on this, nine cases were analyzed to derive the characteristics. As a result, organic forms, autonomous systems and dividing programs characteristics of ecological appear simultaneously in harmony. Biomimicry space can coexist with nature and the human is an effective way.
An Analysis of Spactial Practice of Morden People appeared in the early 20th century film
Lee, Young-Soo ; Roh, Eun-Joo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 124~134
The space has been interpreted from various perspectives, such as hierarchical, cultural, economic, political factors, etc. So we can see the space as a social existence. Space is now being formed through the dialectical relations of these elements. From this point of view, this study started to research the spatial practice of morden people through the case in the early 20th century film. With the discourse of Henri Lefebvre and David Harvey, and Michel de Certeau's theory, this research tried to find the mechanisms of spatial practice. Also Benjamin is a philosopher who intervenes the relationship between modernity and cultural production and his way of reading cultural phenomena seems to serve as the useful methodology of cultural studies. Modern people were individual unawared of the era, awakened to the ego. They were wandering the room and the street, private and public places. They were city dwellers walking around, collecting goods, and living of everyday life. Spatial practice is a fixed activity and have continuity. spatial practice appeared in the early 20th century film is at the intersection of social practices and the practice of everyday life. Social practices are a fixed practice and continuous practice. The practices of everyday life are nomadic practice and amusable practice. Modern people accommodate and adapt to a given space of the city through fixed practice. They realizes the access and the distance from spaces through continuous practice. They select and approved the spaces through nomadic practice. And they possess exclusively and utilize the spaces through amusable practice. Through These research spatial practices, it could easily found similarities and differences between modern space on the early 20th century and contemporary space of 21st century. True modern is not the past but the present.
A Study on the Expressional Characteristics of Placeness by Information-platformization of Urban space
Baek, Hyun-Hee ; Lee, Chan ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 135~144
This study starts from the question if the characteristic of existing conventional site-specificity can be applied to the modern city space in information media era as it is. The evolution and spread of media technology acted as the catalyst which establishes the identity of an individual and promotes the social sense of belonging as the new type of community member as well as expanded the communication territory of man. Moreover, as the perfect merge of third dimensional space with second dimensional media was accomplished, the meaning of city as the place is getting changed and extended to city space as the information platform which integrates and intermediates the various information composing city. Hereupon, this study is willing to analyze the limits which the characteristics of physical, active and meaningful elements which are the forming primary factors in the existing place theory have and establish the new meaning of city as the place through the case studies which are applied by the characteristics of hyper spacio-temporal, mobility and polysemy as the characteristics transformed by information platformization of city space.
A Study on the Meaning of Cubic Form by Salvador Dali - Focus on Salvador Dali's Work 'A Propos of the Treatise on Cubic Form by Juan de Herrera, 1960' -
Kim, Sung-Hye ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 145~152
Salvador Dali put a title of his work as 'A Propos of the Treatise on Cubic Form by Juan de Herrera' at 1960. Through this work which is consisted in cube frame surrounding black and white letter squares and nails in the sky, he directly referred about the cube which were showed in his pictures. To understand the meaning of this work, Dali's paintings and Juan de Herrera's design and architectural ideas are analysed by building. His concerning about absolute existence like god and nuclear takes the cubic form by Juan de Herrera instead of pictorial tendencies of Cubism, however pictorial elements such as sky and nails were still used in the work. He use alphabet letter as pattern consisting wall and symbol representing 'Juan de Herrera', moreover number '2' is taken to show up line attribute. Dali had several design develop process, and finally he reached an new stage called 'Hypercube'. Hypercube can distinguish from Cubism and Herrera's architectural idea, and it will be free from objective world based in Euclid geometry. Although cubic is the simplest shape. It can contain the variety of developments in these fields - philosophy, architecture, painting and etc.- from Platon to nuclear physics and coexists in a picture of Salvador Dali.
A Study on Space Category of Conversion Design Hotel View in Mixed-genre
Han, Jee-Youn ; Shin, Hong-Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 153~160
Some problems facing the cities in modern times begin to be highlighted due to the development into the information-oriented society via the stage of industralization. The structures built centering on the second industries have become superannuated to degenerate as horrid objects while losing their purposefulness with the emergence of the information age. In designing a hotel space where people stay temporarily unlike the housing space for a permanent stay, housing designers are making efforts to work on space design that could be more imprinted in the mind of the users. As the fruit of their sheer labor, the space design in modern hotel design comes to direct a diversity of atmospheres by virtue of various art genres which try to apply it to a space by borrowing it and changing its appearance. Thus, this study aims to look into how the gradually evolving conversion design hotel come to be recreated as an urban regeneration space while retaining the value of the space used in the past, and to analyze & systematize its subsequent design patterns applied to conversion design hotel space with focus on the recent cases.
Resident Preference Trends and Perceptions Regarding Royal Floors in High-rise Housing - Questionnaire Survey from Residents and Realtors of One through Four of the Jamshil Redeveloped Apartment Complexes -
Choi, Jung-Min ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 161~172
Although the term royal floors is broadly used in high-rise housing, it is hard to find any clear scholarly definition of this term or any in-depth study exploring people's perceptions of it. This study reviewed ongoing discussions about concepts and definitions regarding royal floors, collected opinions from high-rise housing residents and realtors about the term, and compared the opinions of these two groups. First, the statistically analyzed results verified five main factors affecting people's perceptions of royal floors: locational characteristics (i.e., daylight, view, orientation), 2) price characteristics (i.e., premium, price increase level, number of houses on urgent sale), 3) best location of apartment building (i.e., location within a neighborhood, unit size), 4) architectural characteristics of apartment complex (i.e., size of complex, housing type, size options of units), and 5) personal characteristics of respondents (i.e., personal concepts of the meaning of housing, lifestyles). Results from the analysis showed that realtors perceived strong relationships between royal floors and 1) locational and 2) price characteristic factors, while residents perceived strong relationships between royal floors and personal preference as well as three factors from the five identified above: 1) locational, 2) price, and 4) architectural characteristics. Third, in defining royal floors in a building, the past rule of 1/4 is no longer effective. Instead, the rule of 1/n has become more prevalent (i.e., 1/6 to 1/8). Fourth, royal floors can be defined as the 15th to 25th floors in a 30-story high-rise housing structure based on the agreement of 50% of residents and 70% of realtors.
A Study on the Emotional Space Design Study According to Ceiling Height - Focusing on the Body Movement -
Lee, Jeong-Hwan ; Oh, Young-Keun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 173~182
These days, Emotional Design is on the sustainable development through activity study thogh, until now, the study proceed too far with Sensibility Ergonomics applied to SD. However, on this paper, the study would be make progress through GSD that it applied to Verb. For this reason, applied to Emotional Design consideration of theory through JOAN MEYERS-LEVY's papaer titled "The Influence of Ceiling Height", Laban Movement Analysis and Aspect of Semiotics and then judgement of GSD would be make progress through experiment to collection of Emotional Vocabularies and evaluation of body movement. There is a method of analysis by using statistical program such as SPSS 18.0 and it would have validity of analysis. Here is a result of this study. According to heights of ceiling types(2.4M, 3.0M) there are differences between behavior of Figure Attachment, Emotional Vocabularies of the event and Body Movement. While the Figure Attachment has a tendency to restricted scope, CH has a tendency to make attachment within the scope. You could see the Negative Adjective for Emotional Vocabularies at CL and the Positive Adjective ranges at the CH. Basic body movement for passive, 'moving' and 'stretching' as shown at CL more than the CH. For active movement which has purpose, 'moving the weight' and 'stretching' as shown at CH more than at CL.
The Study on the Analysis of the Rate of Information Acquisition and the Observation Time shown at the Observation of Interior Space
Choi, Joo-Young ; Kim, Joo-Hyun ; Choi, Gae-Young ; Lee, Jeong-Ho ; Kim, Jong-Ha ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 183~191
This study is to set up the appropriate range of observation time through contemplating the characteristics of observation time run for the information acquisition of space. The conclusions reached through this study are as the followings. First, this study could find out that even though the evaluation elements on the three types for image evaluation were the same, the information acquisitions were different as those types varied. On the other hand, the change of the average run-time by type for the information acquisition was found not to be big, in other words, even though the run-time was alike, the information acquisitions varied depending on the type. Second, he evaluation by language media showed the average value by element had the order of [shape>position>number>existence] and the range of their run-time was 94.6~102.9 seconds. The average rate of information acquisition shown at the visual media had the order of [composition>shape>material&color] and the range of run-time was 93.1~99.7 seconds. Third, the evaluation by language media showed that for male subjects the range of information acquisition rate was 39.1~91.4% and that of run-time 85.1~106.0 seconds and for female ones 46.0~94.6% and 96.3~112.3 seconds respectively. In case of the visual media, male subjects showed the range of information acquisition rate was 40.3-66.7% and the range of run-time 82.4~97.9 seconds and the female ones, 42.2~71.0% and 94.0~115.1 seconds respectively, through which we could see that at the evaluation by language media and visual media both the female's range of information acquisition and that of observation time were higher than the male's.
An Empirical Analysis of Museums' Spatial Environments using a Sensibility Rating Scale of Women's
Han, Myoung-Heum ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 192~199
The purposes of this study are to present the criteria for a sensibility rating scale for measuring the general women's perception of museums' spatial environment, through an empirical analysis; and to clarify the characteristics of the presented rating scale in terms of each rating element and factor. For this study, a survey was conducted during August 19 - September 16, 2010, and a total of 342 museum visitors participated in the survey. A sensibility rating scale used for the survey consisted of a total of 32 adjectives selected from a literature review of previous studies. To specify the dimensions of semantic space using the semantic adjectives, words with opposite meanings were analyzed with the semantic differential technique developed by Osgood et al. Using SPSS, a reliability analysis, factor analysis were conducted on the data obtained from the survey. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: According to the women's perception of museums' spatial environment, six factors were found from the 25 semantic ratings of the Museum. The summarized criteria were: 'aesthetic', 'pleasant', 'valuable', 'function', 'affinity', and 'material.' The derived criteria were verified through an empirical test using emotional adjectives. In the coming years, the results of this study will serve as valuable data for constructing a sensibility rating scale for evaluating spatial environments of museums.
The Characteristic of Decoration in Central Thai Traditional House
Choi, Han-Hee ; Oh, Hye-Kyung ; Ju, Seo-Ryeung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 200~207
This study aims to understand the unique housing culture and decoration style in traditional Thai houses. Literature review and site visit were applied for the research method. A steep gable roof, a lifted floor structure on the pillars, a semi-enclosed central flatform(charn) and a outdoor staircase are important plastic elements of exterior decoration in Thai traditional houses. 'Panlom(windbreak on gable)' and 'fa loog fak(wall panel)' are the most unique elements which determine Thai traditional style. In Thai traditional style decoration, the beautifully carved wooden panels and decorations are also the most important factors. The decorations can be analyzed in the aspect of following perspectives. ; The characteristics of Thai traditional house decorations have been developed and evolved as result of influences from regional climate and local material. And also the social-cultural factors such as religion, social and family relationship and life style controlled the forms and culture of traditional housing form and culture. As a result, this study summarises and defines the outstanding and unique meaning and definition of the decoration in Thai traditional houses focused on central region in Thailand.
A Study on Eco-friendly Design Techniques of Nursing Homes to Improve Quality of Life for the Aged - Focus on the passive design -
Kim, Tae-Min ; Choi, Sang-Hun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 208~217
Recently the importance of the elderly facilities and the eco-friendly buildings is on the rise, due to the rapid increase of the aged population and the more and more serious global environment issues, respectively. Thus, the purpose of this study is to suggest an eco-environmental improvement plan which aims to improve the quality of life for the aged in planning nursing homes hereafter by reviewing the theory of the eco-friendly architectural concept and the same conceptual design, which become the issues of late, and thus analyzing the state of applying the eco-friendly design techniques to the municipal nursing homes located in Seoul. In this study its direction of the eco-friendly design required in nursing homes was established by reviewing the characteristics which the aged and nursing homes may have, and thus extracting the elements required for the quality of life for them. The theoretical studies showed that the environment-friendly natural elements necessary for the nursing houses are light, air and plants, from which three design elements are obtained: daylighting, natural ventilation and natural landscape. In conclusion, the eco-friendly nursing homes must be planned to improve the quality of life for the aged by recognizing that the eco-friendly architecture concept, emerged as a new paradigm, is the one to be put before all the considerations for those who are sensitive to the environment, and thus reviewing the characteristics found out from them.
A Study on Non-western modernity of Surface Phenomena in Korean Commercial Architecture
Lee, Sang-Hun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 218~227
Korean commercial architecture is based on two distinctive characteristics of western modern architecture: grid frame structure and free facade. However, the original facade of the building disappears as numbers of commercial advertisements and signboards representing inner programs cover up the original facade. This is a unique feature of commercial architecture in Korea which I would call the surface phenomena of Korean commercial architecture. Common criticism on this type of building is that too many and too big signboards infringe upon the original pure facade of the architecture. Underlying assumption here is that signboards and commercial ads are inessential and decorative elements simply attached to the original pure facade of modern architecture. However, in this paper, I argue that commercial decorations is an essential aspect of korean commercial architecture rather than an inessential decorative element attached later to the essential facade of architecture and that it reflects the historical specificity of cultural and architectural modernity of Korea And thus, the surface phenomena of Korean commercial architecture should not be judged based upon the aesthetic paradigms of either western modern or postmodern architecture. Rather, it can be argued that surface phenomena of Korean commercial architecture is a reflection of a modernity beyond the paradigm of western modernism and postmodernism. The agenda of Korean commercial architecture is then not simply to restrict or to control signboards on the building facades with the intention to clean up facade of the building but rather to integrate the signs and commercial ads with the structure of architectural surface.
The Study of the Aesthetical Change of the 卍 Shape
Jang, Hun-Duk ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 228~235
The 卍 shape which is used as an aesthetical feature for traditional architecture can be seen in the stair railings of the house shaped ceramic potteries in the Eastern Han dynasty(A.D. 25-220) but with the introduction of Buddhism, it has been widely used for the decoration of the sarira(small crystals of the cremated monks) case. After the shape was seen in the Yungang and Dunhwang grottoes mural paintings, the use of it has been expanded. In Korea during the excavation of the Gyeongju Anapji which was the Eastern palace of the Shilla dynasty, a 卍 shaped wood which had been used as a handrail was found and this shape was also used in the railings of the Shilsangsa Baekjangarn temple stone pagoda and lantern and in the sarira case excavated in the Songrimsa temple stone pagoda. In Japan, the Nara period(A.D. 710-794) when there were many cultural exchanges with the Korean peninsula, the handrails of the 2ndfloor of the main hall of Hoyu-ji temple has a 卍 shape. This can be confirmed that this shape has been widely used as a design in Asian Buddhist architecture. Gilsangoonhae(吉祥雲海) which is the symbolic meaning of this shape means for long life and luck which had been used generally for the window designs of temples, palaces, and houses. In this study, it is giving the definition the beginning and the symbolic meaning of the 卍 shape which is being used from the ancient times until nowadays and the change of this shape used for window designs.
A Study on the Digital Space Color by Application Color System in New Media Environment
Kim, Sun-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 236~243
The digital space color of new media environment denied not only the deterministic relationship of designed color and circumjacent color but also the deduced an special elements of digital space color. Such phenomena historical perspective of Gernot Wersig, new media principle of Lev Manovich and remediation of Bolter, J.K & Grusin, R. are expressed in various new media environment across. In particular, development of digital technology is moving away from its previous space color based on scientific, statistical and quantitative perspective by using diverse variables. The following research focuses on the fundamental concept of space color by type, composition of digital space color. The paper reflects on the meaning and concept of contemporary which enables the application of digital space color system on space through advanced technology. The principle of digital space color such as multidimensional malerisch, discontinuous video, vague original and copy, irregular repetitiveness of 'copy of copy', selective color of observer, experiential color of observer, and etc. makes it possible to extract the expressed element and method of digital space color. Meanwhile, the features of digital space color such as divided field of form, non-systematized of process and collage of communication can be inferred from case analysis.
A Study on the Characteristics of Colors Used for Apartment Model Houses - Focused on Living Rooms of Medium Size Houses(
) Built in Metropolitan Area in the late 2000s -
Choi, Jin-Hee ; Jeong, Yoo-Na ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 244~253
Due to the development of modern society, desire for residence is not merely for the purpose of habitation. It's also used to represent the joy of living, the resident's emotional expressions, and social status. In order to express such desires, one of the most important factors used to portray them visually is the usage of color. When apartments are constructed, model houses are created to show potential tenants a sample house. The color scheme of those sample houses have been changed in accordance to the transition in the eras. Since 2000, construction companies have created their own apartment brand in order to create their own signature image. To achieve this signature image, one can alter the surface level and use other materials, and colors. I have researched the usage of colors out of the above. The criteria that need to be fulfilled to be a subject for my research are in the top 5 construction companies of the year 2010, within the metropolitan area, and open after 2009. As the result, all construction companies used colors Y and YR. An as accent colors on props such furniture and curtains, they used colors P, PB, and R. They were differences in color tones in each construction company and as the square footage increase, they used color contrasts. Hillstate and Raemian used darker shades in the larger houses. But the color tones YR and Y were used in all houses regardless of their size. E-world, Xi, and Prugio showed differences in shade and tone of colors regardless of size but rather depending on the locations of the apartments.
The Characteristics of Comtemporary Expression of Traditional Space Components Appearing in Indonesian Restaurants
Kang, Yu-Na ; Oh, Hye-Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 254~261
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristic as to how the Indonesian traditional space is expressed in a contemporary space. As for the study method, We visited 12 Indonesian restaurants in Jakarta from Oct. 16 to Oct. 20, 2010 for a case study. The study result is presented as follows: First, as a factor of facade components, the roof part revealed its identity as a Joglo structure. Walls, windows and doors reflected Indonesian tradition, or were transformed in passive or aggressive ways. Second, as a factor of interior space components, ceilings were predominantly designed by reflecting a structural exposure ceiling or Tumpang Sari as it was or by passively transforming them; Interior walls, windows and doors were transformed in aggressive ways. Third, regarding the factors of interior decoration components, traditional furniture was not used, but instead, furniture with contemporary form and local materials were dominently used, and traditional accessaries were used as they were. Therefore, in the case of designing spatial componentss in Indonesian restaurants located in Jakarta, roofs and ceilings, floors, furniture, and accessaries reflected Indonesian tradition, or were passively transformed, whereas walls, windows, doors, and some ceilings aggressively reflected modernized tradition so that they were formed in harmony with traditional and contemporary styles.
A Study on the Types and Characteristics of Visitors' Behavior in a Science Museum - Focused on the Mutual Influence of Family Visitors -
Park, Ga-Young ; Jung, Sung-Wook ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 262~271
The purpose of this study was to classify types of family visitors' behaviors more concretely, which could be useful in planning of exhibition spaces in a science museum, with given priority to their behaviors according to interaction between them, and to understand characteristics of the behaviors. With this view, the scope of this study was restricted to subjects, who were family visitors of Gwacheon National Science Museum, consisting of parents and their one elementary school child per family unit. For understanding their behaviors, itinerary tracking and observation method of behavior were conducted. Moreover, for understanding substantial types and characteristics of family visitors' behaviors, multivariate analysis was applied. Accordingly, the results of the study are as follows. First, as a result of factor analysis, two main factors were derived. In other words, they were 'Durability of viewing' as the first and 'Interactivity between family members' as the second, which were shown valid in classification of the types of their behaviors. Second, according to the factors derived, the types of their behaviors were classified into in-depth cooperative viewing, selective independent viewing, interest concentration child-led viewing and consideration parent-led viewing. They were shown valid in topological localization and classification, as a result of analysis of the main factors. Third, in view of common characteristics of the types, it is judged that active orientation prior to regular viewing could encourage visitors coming to the museum for the first time to feel more friendly to unfamiliar exhibition environments, during the initial seek time, and to reduce visual supersaturation. Fourth, it is judged that distributed arrangement of exhibits, which result in continuous standby, could avoid confused visitor circulation by the estimated time required for viewing.
Reinterpretation on the Relationship between Spatial Structure and Visitors' Movement in Museums - Focus on the Interpretation of Tracking Score with Exhibition Density and Extent of Eyesight -
Kim, So-Joung ; Jung, Sung-Wook ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 272~281
The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between spatial space structure and visitors' behavior and interpret visitors' behavior concretely from the aspect of exhibition environments. So, this study intends to qualify spatial space structure with integration, connectivity and control value by utilizing space syntax, limit to tracking score among the analysis index and reinterpret with exhibition density and extend of eyesight among the exhibition environments. The results of this study are as follows; First, in case of museums, tracking score shows plus correlation with connectivity and control value among the space syntax variables and very low correlation with integration. In case of art museums, tracking score shows plus correlation with integration and wide variable is judged to more useful to analyze visitor's behavior than minor variable. Second, museums doesn't make a great effect on visitors' behavior from the aspect of extent of eyesight, but from the aspect of exhibition density, visitors relatively watched evenly without short cut at the early stage of exhibition in spite of high exhibition density. And, they conducted short cut as they went to the middle stage of exhibition on the course of watching although the numerical value of exhibition density is low. Third, in case of art museums, visitors' behavior was relatively influenced by exhibition density, not extent of eyesight. But, as they went to the high level on the course of watching, watching speed became rapid and watching length became short in the place the value of extent of eyesight was high. Its reason is judged to be easy to grasp position or space structure of the next exhibition room visually. Therefore, when the concentration of watching is necessary from the aspect of exhibition, to control exhibition density properly before the space is useful to draw visiting to exhibition space afterward.
A Study of Urban Festival Guideline of Light Media Considering Personality Type of Preference on Media Arts
Kim, Nam-Hyo ; Kim, Kyu-Jeong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 282~290
The public festival has a positive function to produce more pleasure and better life to urban residents on viewpoint of culture marketing. A research of relation between urban festival's media light environmental and personality type of audiences would give a design guide line on selection of festival media contents. The scope of study festival bounds three urban fesitvals from two thousand eight to two thousand ten. The personaliy indicator is used by self-mootioring scale called NEO-PI-R that Synyder, psychologist established in 1987. This indicator divides into five classes - N: Neutroticism, E: Extaversoon, O: Openness, A: Agreeableness, C: Conscientiousness. As a result, Anaysis of urban festival's media light environments considering five personality type of audiences are described, N type prefers the change a lot and low stability. E type prefers three dimensional video and dynamic production with passionate pressure. O type prefers radiates objects to promote the imaginative creatures with speculation. A type prefers contemplation arts with one way direction. C type prefers orderly art layout with accomplishing intention. The statistics datas anaynize ten factors to describe the urban complicated fesitival guide line clearly.
An Analysis of Character for Community Vitality in Urban Public Space - Focus on the Urban Squares -
Kim, Mi-Young ; Moon, Jeong-Min ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 291~299
As our lifestyles have changed due to rapid industrialization and urbanization, new social and communication problems have been caused and there have been lots of discussion on regional communication. For communities to become alternatives with realistic meanings in this changed society, considerations on social and spatial conditions are needed. Therefore, public space which works as a device of physical environment for activation of communities needs more active changes which encourages social communication. In respect to the activation of communities, the following suggestions are given: First, physical devices of a urban plaza should be arranged to support various programs presented along with consideration of human behaviors as users. Second, fundamental facilities of the plaza should accommodate various activities through connections with programs and commercial space. Third, when cultural and historical characteristics of the community are understood, the plaza can form regionality and symbolism through artistic representation. And users can form the identity of community. Fourth, transportation facilities should be separated from or coexist with areas of passengers and the plaza should have its own identity through symbolic sculptures.
A Study on Characteristic of the Educational Spaces for Social Community of Herman Hertzberger - Focus on the Community school -
Song, Eun-A ; Kim, Moon-Duck ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 300~310
Recently, a new paradigm for the change in recognition on educational spaces and their recycling has been spotlighting a concept of community school. However in Korea, there have been few changes in physical environment since the modern education started, due to the inconsistent educational policies and bungled administration. In contrast to Korea, Netherlands has been activating educational spaces to communicate with the local community, reacting to the change in several educational policies for the last 20 years. We, therefore, need to analyze the recent community school of Herman Hertzberger who starting with the Montessori School, came to the fore with a proposal of new relational educational spaces. For linking his relational architectural philosophy to the local community and community school, he applied it to a contact area. He then organized socially sustainable spaces to promote different acts to take place, laying stress on mutual forms and behaviors between spaces and spaces, spaces and people and people and people. In addition to a structural relation with the macroscopic community of architecture, he also created opened spaces, not those where are independent or disconnected, by encouraging users to meet and act in detailed components such as stairs, walls, windows and others. This study aims to consider how Hertzberger's various community spaces in the community school have been created after the 2000s and suggest design plans for educational spaces to communicate, according to the recent educational trend aspiring towards open education.
Research on changes of spatial configuration due to complexation of public library
Song, Seung-Eon ; Kim, Suk-Tae ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 311~320
Public libraries in Korea have undergone changes from libraries for just reading or keeping books to libraries with cultural facilities that provide information through various media. It was because of the "plan for building the information-oriented library" in 2000 that made the complexation of public library in progress. The alterations of the system have changed the structure as well as the grade ranks but haven't been considered enough for administrators or visitors. Hereupon, we are to study of the features by analyzing how the application of the system changed the structure of library. There are four stages in research methods. First, concept of public library and functional elements requested in the process of complexation were studied from literature. Second, vertical, horizontal and circulate changes were studied by applying subject libraries into prior research stereotyping the libraries. Third, mutual relations between each place were studied through J-Graph by elements. Lastly, rank changes according to centrality of space and users were quantitatively studied with space syntax. 4 notable changes were found in these analyses. (1)Vertical, horizontal and circulate structure of public libraries were homogenized. Since 2001, however, they have become diversified as all-in-one or detachable. (2)The space structure of library before 2001 was shallow tree shape while in 2001, period of transition, was the tree shape mixed with ring shape. As time goes on, it has become shallow tree shape again but connected by ring shape in part of reading and common space and in digital reference room. (3)Digital reference room was center of the space around 2001 and it ranked top for integration. After 2007, however, it has become setting off-center. (4)About the purpose of using public libraries, using it as space for administrators ranked top followed by space for visitors and common space before. For now, common space ranks top and space for visitors and administrators. 5 subject public libraries were selected respectively before and after 2001.
The Children's Needs for the Child Psychiatric Therapy Environment as to the Type of Problem
Park, Soo-Been ; Kim, So-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 321~330
The purpose of this study is to propose how the interior of the child psychiatric therapy Environment should be designed according to different problems that children have. For the purpose, this research has been conducted with a literature review and an empirical survey. The subjects of the survey were 100 children, 58 male and 42 female, who were using child psychiatric therapy centers located in Busan. Findings are as follows: (1) Children with behavior problem(
) showed a significantly higher satistaction with the entrance and the information in a given child psychiatric therapy space than children with emotional problem (
) did. (2) Spatial attitude of
were significantly differed. (3) Colors that were being preferred by
were cold colors, for example, blue and indigo. While,
were preferring warm colors such as red and yellow. (4) There was difference in the image of a entrance and classrooms at the child psychiatric therapy center that children had in mind, the two groups of children were quite differently feeling about the size and noise of the therapy space.
Analysis on Wandering Space Design of Elderly Care Facilities for the Elderly with Dementia
Kim, Mi-Jung ; Lee, So-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 331~339
The purpose of this study was to examine wandering behaviors of the elderly with dementia at elderly care facilities, thus finding out the current status of supportability and safety of wandering space for facility residents and looking into the convenience of management for the control and Support of the elderly with dementia in wandering space, from the aspect of managers. Study methods consisted of literature examination, on-site assessment and investigation, observation and questionnaire survey. And via a questionnaire survey of facility workers at study subject facilities, the current status and facility workers' perception of wandering space and their job-satisfaction were examined. Collected data of 133 respondents were used for analysis. Data were processed with the SPSS 18.0 program, and such analytic techniques as frequency, percentage, mean, multiple response analysis, chi-square test and correlation analysis were carried out. The problems of physical environment of wandering space for the elderly with dementia: First, it is urgent to establish wandering space. Second, thoughtlessly installed chairs in the corridor impeded wandering behaviors. Third, the grips installed in the corridor space were irregular, thus causing inconvenience for wandering behaviors. Thus making residents' use of it difficult. In order to improve these problems, it is necessary to newly or additionally establish wandering space and modify the location of chairs or establish alcoves, thus reducing impedimentary elements for wandering behaviors. Providing a proper wandering space is important for facility residents. And it is also important for facility workers to manage facility residents.
A Study on the Supplement of the Architecture Act Related to the Act of Disability Discrimination - Focusing on the Cultural and Arts Facilities -
Cho, Cheol-Ho ; Soh, Jun-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 340~349
The Act of Disability Discrimination and Rights Restriction established in 2008 states that all services including cultural and artistic activities should be fair and easily accessible for both disabled and non-disabled. While the previous society focused on providing the basic necessaries of life to disabled, the modern society gradually tuming their attention to improving quality of the life of disabled, especially in culture and art related activities. The Act of Disability Discrimination and Rights Restriction also states that the services for cultural and artistic activities should be provided from 2010. However in reality, there are contradictions among the Disability Discrimination Act, the Convenience Improvement Act for the Disabled, the Aged, and the Pregnant Woman, and the laws related architecture. So they are having difficulties technically with applying these laws. First, this research contains the comparison of domestic and foreign acts related to the legitimate accommodation uses of cultural and arts facilities for the disabled. Second, this research also lists the facts of conflict between the laws of legitimate accommodation uses for the disabled and the Architecture related laws. Finally, several suggestions are stating for the complementarily improved architecture-related laws which were based on the standard of foreign countries for the disabled.
A Study on the Relationship of Affordance in the Spatial Characteristics of Yokohama International Port Terminal
Kim, Geun-Woo ; Yoon, Jea-Eun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 350~358
In contemporary architecture, Environment is not just a non-objective space. It is an experimental space where physical space and the principal result of interaction and order have been granted in symbolic, introverted space. Therefore, Yokohama International Port Terminal characteristics that appear in the architectural space, the nature of human desires and reveal the value of user-centered criteria to classify the type of response characteristics of the affordance are as follows; First, the experience response in the affordance reaction is when users reaction is multiple in theenvironment. Second, the evolution of organic reactions in a public space system is that it shows the spatial characteristics of the functional relationships. Third, the organic of space that can be seen through cultural practice in the inside and outside of the space could be explained as a perceptual response. It can be an opportunity to analyzed and develop in a various forms of space in environmental design if we understands the spatial characteristics of FOA's Yokohama International Port Terminal and applied end user spatial reaction analysis that shows an affordance relationship study.