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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Interior Design
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Place Program of the Light in Jean Nouvel Architecture Space
Hwang, Yun-Hee ; Yoon, Sang-Young ; Yoon, Jae-Eun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 3~11
As most modern architectures had been constructed aiming at only both self-reliance and the purity without considering the place, the contemporary architectures have been also exposed to 'the loss of the place' similarly. From recognizing these problems, studying new spatial approach and various movements to create new modern place overcoming this have been progressed. It is meant that building shouldn't exist away from a land, without meanings. It is need to create new space aggressively against varying spaces. Thus, This thesis focus on architect Jean Nouvel among the architects having the insight of space and study his architectural design philosophy through his works creating new space. The aim of this study is to review how to define the 'placeness', and the light as a mediator of place. First of all, this thesis begins with a review what is the 'placeness' as spatial analysis and how to define 'light' as a mediator of place with his books, scholarly lectures, interviews, writing and papers and then analyse how light is represented through 'the place program of light' from his selected works. As a result of it, the thesis provides the possibilities of his constant challenges about 'existence-space-essence' by deriving the characteristics of 'the place program of light' focused on what his architectural approach constructs new space all the time through a regular program even if hard to define all his works as one model.
A Case Study on User Evaluation of Patients' Room for User-Oriented Design - Focused on H General Hospital in Busan -
Oh, Chan-Ohk ; Paik, Jin-Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 12~22
This study was carried out to focus on the user-oriented design of patients' room in general hospital. The purpose of the study was to examine the users' evaluation on their patients' rooms in H General Hospital and to suggest how to improve the patients' room design. The users were inpatients, care givers, and nurses, 300 subjects of each 100 users in H hospital. They evaluated 26 items related to the patients' room design using by 5-points Likert scale. Also, they answered three elements which bothered them, what needed improvement, and what they feel ill at ease. The results were as followings; 1) The users evaluated positively the location and size of window. This implies that the current one is relatively ideal and deserve to be maintained. 2) The users responded negatively to the thermostat system and the space for care-givers. 3) The lack of space for care-givers and visitors, common use of refrigerator and bathroom, and the lack of space bothered the users. 4) Most users mentioned the lack of space in patients' room. This implies that it needs to consider the change of the person number per patient's room, from 5 persons to 4 ones. 5) The lacks of sleeping space, dining space, and bathroom space bothered the care-givers. This implies that the space for care-givers such as sleeping, dinging, and bathing should be considered in patients' room.
A Study on the Spatial Characteristics and the User's Satisfaction by Types of the Kids Cafes
Mun, Ja-Young ; Shin, Kyung-Joo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 23~34
There is a demand for a complex cultural space of play, leisure and education, a kids cafe, which will replace a playground just for kids as awareness for the need of a space where parents can spend leisure time with their own children and can take a rest grows, Thus, this study aims to find features for user satisfying kids cafes by conducting observations of the kids cafes and user survey. This study selected 12 kids cafes, 3 kids cafes per type (play focused, cafe or restaurant focused, education focused, multipurpose focused), in Seoul which were built after 2007 and conducted surveys on space planning and spatial characteristics by users and types and the level of satisfaction. As a result, the play focused kids cafes are used the most and the multipurpose focused kids cafes are used the second most. So the reason for using kids cafes is for the play of children. Also the overall satisfaction level for kid cafes were above the average except for the price. The result of this study showed that there was differences of satisfaction based on the type of user satisfaction, size of children space, finishes, colors, furniture and accessories, sanitary conditions. For the overall satisfaction, users were satisfied with the interior space, however, users were unsatisfied with functional parts, such as toys, foods and educational program. The results of the analysis showed that based on the types of the kids cafes, users' satisfaction rate for space size for the children, finishes, colors, furniture and accessories, sanitary conditions were different and for the functional parts, the satisfaction rate was different in all aspects. Also, in overall, the educational focused type users showed higher satisfaction rate than other users. Finally, the level of satisfaction is different by type of kids cafes and we have to consider the level of satisfaction of the users in order to plan kids cafes which meet the demand of the users.
A Study on the Publicness of Artistic Creative Space - Focused on Seoul Art Space -
Cho, Youn-Joo ; Shin, Kyung-Joo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 35~45
As the importance of economic value of culture has increased, governments have set a strategy to secure national competitiveness through cultural art. One of concrete ways is establishing a cultural space by using idle facilities. This study aims to analyze publicness of Seoul Art Space, suggest ways to improve the facilities of creative space and provide basic date for the further plan of creative space. The object of this study is 8 facilities from Seoul Art Space which is operated by City of Seoul. Through literature review, we extracted 5 elements(each element has 4 sub categories) for publicness(accessibility, openness, convenience, historical connectivity and stay time) and to evaluates publicness of the Seoul Art Space, we analyzed these facilities based on these elements. The results are as follows: The publicness of Seoul Art Space acquired 96.9%(100% is 64 points) for stay time, 95.3% for convenience, 90.6% for accessibility, 73.4% for openness and 62.5% for historical connectivity. For the openness, we suggest to use glass materials and open the space to the public. To improve historical connectivity, we suggest to determine appropriate theme for a particular space or area and set a function of buildings for the differentiation.
Study of Theme-based Cultural Space According to the Changing Tourism Environment - Focus on examples of Japan and Korea to which Contents E5(Education, Entertainment, Experience, Emotion and Economy) were applied -
Oh, Sang-Min ; Joung, Yong-Sub ; Han, Young-Ho ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 46~53
The purpose of present study is that according to the changing tourism environment, detailed cultural environment will be utilized in the active way as systematized theme-based cultural space, and the increase of small theme-based cultural space will contribute to active participation of customers and local development with various programs. TCS was classified to theme-based cultural space contents E5(Education, Entertainment, Experience, Emotion and Economy) in focus of contents in which software is regarded more importantly than hardware, and was analyzed as contents of ten key tourism trend of the future. The present study indicate that experience centered tourism environment stood out in theme-based cultural space, and new era of cultural tourism to which storytelling in focus of emotion is applied will be coming.
A Study on the Plan Characteristics and Unit Floor Type Through the Zoning Analysis of High-rise Residential Buildings
Sung, Lee-Yong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 54~61
The aim of this study is to understand the plan characteristics used in unit floor planning mainly with examples of mixed-use residential tall buildings. The study will extract plan characteristics mainly using the graph expressive technique with essential information of the zoning function of residential space, rather than merely analyzing the various construction floor plans by type. The research method involves studying a group of 50-story buildings (over 200 meters) which were built between 2002 and 2008. Among 6 high-rise residential buildings case, we extract the most preferred type from 34 types, And then we simply classify rooms in 3 zoning, the master, living and children's zones. Finally we analyze the correlation among 3 simple zone and then extract some model type. The results of this study revealed three main findings. First, using the 3 functional zones, the shape of the main building and the unit floor plan can be analyzed simply even when they appear to be complicated. Second, we can extract common features when we analyze the unit floor plan from the viewpoint of the penetrability among 3 zoning. Third, we can extract 2 types when we analyze the unit floor plan from the viewpoint of 3 connected functional zoning concepts.
A Study on Preservation and Reuse of Modern Architecture in the City
Lee, Wan-Geon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 62~70
This study investigated modern architectures adjacent to the road, which can be easily destroyed by economic logic. The purpose of this paper is to find the method to preserve and reuse as townscape. The research methods were used the literature survey and field research of modern architecture in Seoul, and compared with the current status. The result are as followings. Firstly, In order to preserve many architectural cultural properties, the policy related to cultural property should be improved. And, awareness of the individual about cultural property should be changed. Secondly, it has been analyzed that modern architecture can be divided into 3 types in the reuse, which is 'Succession Type', 'Change Type', and 'Extinction Type'. Most of the cases has been used for specific use. Therefore, we should be consider the method of the reuse which can accommodate the various contemporary use. Thirdly, the preservation of the appearance and facade, which is the optimal way to preserve at least the historicity of the city, would be suitable for the preservation of modern architecture adjacent to the road. Lastly, it has been analyzed that the cases can be divided into 2 types in the form of appearance, which is 'Modern Type' and 'Hanok Type'. And, common and individual design guidelines have made.
A Study on Public Design Project Management Process In Terms of Design Management
Park, Su-Kyoung ; Moon, Jeong-Min ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 71~78
These days, design has been used a very useful means to achieve differentiated urban images and establish the identity of a city, and as an effort to specialize local industries through design, public design projects are competing one another. However, the projects have considerable negative effects because of diverse reasons such as unorganized procedures. For continuous and organized projects which meet demands of the interested persons of public design, reasonable design management should be introduced with a use of design as a strategic means of management Therefore, this study examined the concepts of design management and its meaning in space and analysed cases of implementing components for management of public design projects. It searched for the factors of design management indicating design-oriented management and presented a strategy model which complements design-oriented management. The results of the study are presented as follows: First, strategic implementing components needed for a space design management process were obtained. A design recognition process aimed at what space aims at and needed to identify active components such as physical and indigenous environment. A design inquiry process included problem solution considering characteristics of multi-dimensional space active components, design development considering behavioral functions of humans, checklists needed to complete design and necessary components to institutionalize design. For definition of project space, guideline projects of public design should be progressed in the same context as urban design, and developmental directions of public design needed design inquiry in terms of space to create various experiences in space.
A Preliminary Study on Public Convergent Space optimized for the Digital Convergence Era
Kim, Dong-Seop ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 79~91
In the Digital Convergence era, the center of social networking is moving into on-line space. This means also that space for public is moving into the on-line space. Along with this, spaces in commercial area, offered as attraction factors, are taking a role as a public space. So, this paper defines these spaces mentioned above as public space and the like. Liberal and affluent communication of Digital Convergence has caused in new spatial cognitions such like, constant social space, flowing space, temporary space, and multiple space. This means the hybridization of on-line and off-line space and the advent of public convergent space. However, it is on-line-centered convergence and has positive effects and negative effects on relationship. This paper suggests the optimization of public convergent space to solve the problems and make better a public space for relationship. For achieving this, social disclosure is grasped as the common way to start relationship both off-line and on-line, and it is proved that social disclosure has three characters such as self-presentation, corporeality, and subjectivity. Subsequently, the differences of the roles of off-line and on-line space are separated by each individual character. These are self-presentation of performance vs. storytelling, corporeality of embodiment vs. disembodiment, and self-subjectivity vs. inter-subjectivity. By recognizing that there are multilevel spectrums between the formers and the latters, this paper presents the direction of the spatial configuration of public convergent space which offers the right of manipulation of self-disclosure. It will be used for presenting the prototype of public convergent space.
A Study on Concept and Design Characteristics of 『Platform Architecture』 in the Architecture of Sverre Fehn
Park, Hyeon-Ju ; Kim, Jong-Jin ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 92~99
The Norwegian architect, Sverre Fehn who was born in 1924 and died in 2009 designed various buildings in his country. Since he studied architecture, he had been interested in the domestic/local architectural environment as well as international modern movement such as CIAM. Pavilion of the Nordic Nations designed in 1960s gave him world reputation for the peculiar design characteristic in which Scandinavian tradition and modern design were integrated. Fehn introduced his unique architectural philosophy that is called 'Platform Architecture'. This concept is based on the Fehn's long-term interest in the philosophy of Genius Loci and place-specificity. It consists of three theoretical elements: Tectonic of Place, Horizontality of Space and Visual-Perception by Light. This paper focuses on three case projects: Villa Busk in 1990, Norwegian Glacier Museum in 1991, Aukrust Museum in 1993. It is aimed to discover differences as well as similarities of the projects, and ultimately to summarize the cases under the light of 'Platform Architecture'. As a conclusion, it is found that each case project has unique spatializing method to organize the given place and program by 'Platform' architectural design. 'Platform Architecture' is still relevant in the contemporary architecture and interior design because of its deep consideration on place, environment and human.
A Study on the Spatial Tones in Contemporary Architecture in Portugal - Focused on the analysis of architectural Everyday-ness -
Lee, Kil-Ho ; Lee, Jung-Wook ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 100~108
Modern architecture tends to split the everyday life and the space of human. Position of architecture should be on the relationship between nature and human need. It will be study on the everyday life of architecture from architecture and everyday life of human relationships. Based on this study, it makes clear the visual aspects of architectural experience to acquire spatial tones for analyzing architectural Everyday-ness. In this case, Portugal's modern architectural space was impressing, because of the construction of local color and architectural vocabulary of the Everyday-ness. Therefore, the Everyday-ness of Architecture by relationship analysis reveals the space of these spatial tones. Spatial characteristics of the Everyday-ness of architecture be analyzed of simplicity, purity, locality, reminiscent, continuity, and transition, etc. Expression elements of spatial tones can be derived into five classes such as light, color, material, pattern (texture), and depth. In conclusion, spatial characteristics of the Everyday-ness and expression elements of spatial tones consist of configuration matrixes to analyze the spatial tones of the contemporary architecture in Portugal. As a result of this study, the expression characteristics of spatial tones of contemporary architecture in Portugal are background-ness, one-ness, and inherence. I hope this study will be applied to the basic data of the architectural Everyday-ness.
Senior Citizens' Image Preference for Interior Design Styles
Seo, Min-Woo ; Jeong, Yoo-Na ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 109~120
As Korea has rapidly entered the aging society, the Korean government and academia are currently undergoing many researches on senior citizens. There also has been an increase in senior citizens' awareness on the importance of spatial designs that reflect the newly emerged needs brought out by their psychological and emotional changes as well as their physical aspects. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to propose a model for senior citizens' image preference to be adopted in future developments for senior-friendly spatial designs. A literature review and a questionnaire survey were implemented as research methods. The questionnaire survey was conducted at two senior welfare centers located in Seoul and Ansan and two disparate senior colleges, on the subjects of 86 senior citizens aged 60 and older. 7 styles of Romantic, Classic, Country, Modern, Natural, Casual, and Traditional were chosen for the study and the realms to apply the image preference were divided into Space, Element1 and Element2. For Space, its subcategories have been restricted to living room and bedroom while color, furniture and lighting for Element1 and material, pattern and props for Element2. Survey results were statistically analyzed for the correlation among socio-demographic factors of senior citizens, spaces and the elements. The study result showed that older age and men tended to prefer the modern style than younger age or women, and younger women preferred the romantic style. For the color preference in Element1, older men preferred the classic style while women preferred the romantic style. And, for the furniture preference, men with higher income preferred the natural style while women preferred the romantic style. For the pattern preference in Element2, younger people preferred the casual style and it showed that the housing type was the main reason for their preferences. Therefore, the image preference according to their age and gender shall be taken account of as the most important factors when designing environments for senior citizens.
The Factors Influencing the Life Satisfaction and Depression between Urban and Rural Elderly
Jeong, Jae-Hoon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 121~128
This study is designed to find out the difference of life satisfaction and depression between urban and rural elderly. The research method is a questionnaire that surveys those aged 60 and older. The collected data were analyzed by categorizing them into two groups, 503 residing in the elderly who live in Daejeon city and 676 in those who live in Chungnam area. The result of analysis indicated that; First, life satisfaction of the urban elderly was higher than that of the rural elderly(t=3.67, p<.001). But depression between the two groups, the elderly who live in urban area and those who live in rural area, did not show a statistically significant difference. Second, the factors influencing the life satisfaction of urban elderly were convenience of housing, economic level, health status, local safety, life attitude, and period of residence. Third, the depression of urban elderly significantly related to health status, life attitude, economic level, age, and convenience of housing. Fourth, the factors influencing the life satisfaction of rural elderly were health status, economic level, convenience of housing, local safety, life attitude, type of residence, and period of residence. Fifth, the depression of rural elderly significantly related to health status, life attitude, and economic level.
A Study on the Psychological Responses by the change of Illuminance and Color temperature in LED
Yi, Yon-Soo ; Ha, Mi-Kyoung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 129~136
As the importance of eco-friendly and energy saving issues are emphasized in lighting as consciousness about energy saving is elated worldwide, demand for natural resources such as gas increases, supply of LED lighting is spread. Owing to white LED's development and price fall. It is expected to LED High Luminance Emitting Diode. LED's brightness and long life-time that surpass fluorescent light in the latest as well as is used by back light source of thin film LCD, low electric power attrition rate by advantage do and widen the market at the world lighting lamp market that is potential market. Accordingly, study about suitability of LED lighting is activated but space that apply actual LED lighting fixtures yet is less and advanced researches about LED fixtures' applied apaces are slight compared to existing light source up to now because is not many on this. The result of the experiment shows similar tendency with the existing light sources'. Through a psychological reaction experiment in the LED lighting experiencing space that can control of color temperature and lighting level, this study is wished to use to the data for lighting design of space that LED lighting fixtures are applied hereafter.
A Study on the Character of Observation Time in order to Draw the Features of Spatial Primacy Effect - Focus on the Public space -
Kim, Jong-Ha ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 137~146
This study introduced the concept of Primacy Effect for the analysis of the observation characters by time so as to analyze the characters of information which the users observing the lobby in a public space get when they encounter the space. From the viewpoint that the first impression on any space can motivate the judgement of space and continuous activities, the time range with the observation characters which can be regarded as Primacy Effect was analyzed in the aspects of continuity and saccade. First, with the case of alignment by time on three times of continuous observation, the perception attributes of subjects were shown to be very different among one another depending on which time range was applied for alignment. Second, the subjects with low average value of continuous observation times were found to be relatively stable in "ii~iii time ranges" and the time range of "0~5.10 seconds" was known to be the time range of relatively stable analysis for the characters of subjects' primacy effect to be analyzed. Third, the change of the amount of acquired information could be examined concretely through the analysis of observation attributes by time range, and the time range of "iii time range" showed more stable changing characters than other time ranges. Fourth, in the "iii time range" set up as a proper time range for the analysis of primacy effect had higher average value of 3.9 times of observation frequency compared with 6 times of continuous observation. As a grand average, 6 times(19.3) of average observation value was between 3 times(21.3) and 9 times(16.9), which enabled to set up 6 times of continuous observation as the number of observation times for stable analysis of primacy effect.
Analysis of Expressive Features and Structural Meanings in Korean Men's Furniture of the 19
Kim, Eun-Jeong ; Park, Young-Soon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 147~157
This paper aims to examine the fundamental relationship of what principles cause the aesthetic shapes in Korean sarangbang furniture of the
century. Focusing on the Greimas' isotopic and semantic structure analysis, this research analyzed the traditional Korean men's furniture in four steps; signifier analysis, isotopic analysis, semantic structure analysis, and comprehensive interpretation. The results show that the expressive qualities of sarangbang furniture included visual symmetric aesthetics, and the hues of natural materials with dark tones. The manufacturing process emphasized the characteristics of natural materials; while diversity was respected in decorations, function as restrained form was also important with a concise image. Through these characteristics, sarangbang furniture revealed a balance, a harmony of contrastive elements, and a restrained aesthetics. Within these qualities, it was seen that aesthetic principles, such as "severance and communication," "artifice and nature," "restraint and manifestation," "toughness and softness," "filling and emptying" and "decoration and utility" were in a mutually supplementary relationship. At the basis of this aesthetic thought appears to be Confucianism, which had been the model for seonbi politics and scholarship.
Architectural ornament and structure: a study on the links between contemporary ornamental trends and traditional ornament, focusing on the relation between decoration and tectonics
Dacarro, Fabio ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 158~167
This research began by considering that, although architecture and architectural culture of the last two decades seem to have rediscovered ornament and some recent studies have reconsidered the ornamental issues of contemporary buildings, there is currently some difficulty in providing a synthetic investigation of this topic, because of the complex nature of the contemporary architectural situation. Following this premise, this research provides some reference points for further studies that will aim to expand the understanding, and attempt to classify and hypothesize the future of contemporary ornamental phenomena. Based on the assumption of the historical continuity of ornamental problems, and adopting the relation - both technical and aesthetic - between ornament and structure as one of the crucial issues to link past and present problems, the study firstly defines two categories and two sub-categories concerning the relation between ornament and structure, namely: a) ornament integral with the structure and b) ornament applied to the structure; a1) ornament visually expressing the structure and a2) ornament not visually expressing the structure. The study then reviews the historical development of ornament from ancient times to the present in the light of the above mentioned categories, and finally discusses the principles of traditional and modern ornament thus analyzed in relation to contemporary ornamental trends, as identified in selected case studies. Some common points between past and contemporary experiences are revealed in order to facilitate further investigations. In particular, the analysis shows a certain trend in contemporary architecture for a strong link between ornamental treatment and the structure of the building and a current tendency among contemporary designers to keep the exterior appearance of the building project separate from the design of the rest of the construction.
A Study on the Meaning of Technology in Louis I. Kahn's Architecture
Kim, Nak-Jung ; Chung, Tae-Yong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 168~176
The aim of this study is to review the meaning of technologies in the works of Louis I. Kahn. Kahn's main architectural thoughts of 'what it wants to be' and 'how it was done' are important in this research because these statements represent the ontology of his architecture and tectonic characteristics. These divisions also can be effective in studying relationship between technology and his architecture. 'What it wants to be' means the essence and existence of architecture and 'how it was done' shows the tectonic of architecture and construction process to enhance its presence. Kahn used technology as solutions for partial problems in his early years but later he changed its role as media to realize his concept ideally. He considered technology as enhancing building's existence rather than its functional and economical efficiency. Kahn also visualize the usage of technology through detail and construction process. He developed his technology in 'application-modification-complement' process as he executed projects over again. As a result, technology itself cannot drive Kahn's architectural thoughts in a certain way but Kahn emphasized technology as media to enhance the presence of his architecture and to present visualization and realization of his concepts.
Contested terrain - Conflicts between BOK(body of knowledge) of interior design and HSW(health, safety, welfare) ethos of profession -
Kim, Duk-Su ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 177~185
The endowed privilege to an established profession acts as an important motivation related to professionalization of occupations. The established profession enjoys cognitive, legal, and economic privilege. This study analyzes the professionalization process of interior design. Specifically, the study evaluates the suitability of the body of knowledge and professional ethos(i.e., protection of citizen's health, safety, and welfare), while analyzing the professionalization of interior design in the United States. The research aims at proposing a reference point for the professionalization of Korean interior design. Utilized data include research paper, court sentencing, and reports published by related professional organizations. The study concludes that 3E's are a means of professionalization of interior design, while separating interior design from interior decorating. In addition, there is no evidence to the protection of citizen's HSW. Rather, it increases service costs and restricts the job opportunities. When the public is not persuaded, the argument related to the necessity of license for the protecting citizen's HSW can be consumed as a mere rhetoric, concealing intentions for formulating a cartel. Thus, this study proposes that the professionalization of interior design may focus on the establishment of identity and body of knowledge, which are specific to interior design.
A Study on the shrine plan composition from the Ungjindan excavation works
Kim, Sang-Tae ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 186~193
This study is to reveal the periodical form of the 4 staged building sites with the size and the site composition of the master plan and floor plan of the Ungjindan (altar) from the Ungjindan excavation works in 2011. In order to project the research results aiming to the purpose of the study, the basic study was done with collecting data about shrine architecture for its architectural characteristics and case studies with ancestral facilities such as the Ak hae dok (national-level ancestral ritual to the big mountain, ocean and river) to understand the exact form of the site plan and architectural composition elements through the general information and excavation status. In addition, with the current situation and information from the excavation works the planned measurement scale will be calculated in inference for the size of the construction by stages and speculate the floor plan composition of the shrine architecture.
A Study on the Pilotis as a Space of Flow in Le Corbusier's Works
Cho, Joo-Hyun ; Shin, Buhm-Shik ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 194~203
The purpose of this study is to look into a Pilotis as a space of flow in Le Corbusier's works. The first of his principals, "pilotis" shown in "5 principals in new architecture" represents the articulated relationship between architecture and site. The study is based on the flow concept of Pilotis regarding especially its functional, environmental, and visual perspective. Le Corbusier describes his architecture as a circulation representing the modern society. The Pilotis space is often reserved for this circulation while this space is also suggested as a place for the leisure or the garden uninterrupted. So it seems to be meaningful to find out the real usage of the Pilotis space in Le Corbusier's work in order to clarify the relationship between the articulated space and its use proposed. The second question is concerning to the Pilotis space as a space of flow of the light and the air. This issue is not only related to the plastic aspects of the buildings, but also caused from the social, or environmental problematic of those days. Finally, the continuity of the regard is one of the most important characteristics derived from the raised volume by Pilotis.
A Study on Characteristics and Expression Methods of Contemporary Public Spaces from Concept of 'Rhizome' - Focusing on Art Museums Launched After 2000 -
Kim, Eun-Joo ; Seo, Ji-Eun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 204~211
The purpose of this study is to analyze characteristics and expression methods of contemporary art museums from the perspective of 'Rhizome', which is considered under similar context as 'indeterminacy' that represents the characteristics of contemporary public spaces. Methods of this study are as follows. First, necessity of this study is verified by investigating literature data and preceding studies, and by examining the fact that indeterminate characteristic is a new approach to contemporary public spaces. Second, in order to analyze Rhizomic expression in public spaces, analysis criteria are suggested by extracting components of public spaces and spatial characteristics of R150hizome from the literature. Third, Rhizomic characteristics and expression methods used in contemporary art museums are understood based on such analysis criteria. Fourth, when each spatial characteristic is expressed in art museums, the study found out that two factors among 'program', 'circulation', and 'form' are planned out as a mixture. Therefore, 'cohesion' is expressed as 'program' and 'form' in contemporary public spaces viewed from the perspective of 'Rhizome'. Also, 'diversity' is actively expressed through 'program' and 'circulation', and 'non-hierarchy' through 'form' and 'circulation'. Such methods are positive methods of expressing indeterminate contemporary public spaces. Since this study conducted analysis on characteristics and expression methods of public spaces from Rhizomic perspective of contemporary society, such results are deemed valuable in planning out public spaces that reflect the characteristics of contemporary society.
The Comparative Study for Green Building model house design in Korea
Kang, Yeon-Joo ; Kim, Moon-Duck ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 212~223
The "Eco-friendly", "Green" concepts was began around 1992 after the Rio Environmental Summit, and the need for sustainable development globally widespread. The green building certification system was began around 2000 and the concept of green building was started in the late 1990s. The green building, which welcomes a period of radical change, is for the survival of the Earth "climate change" and reducing energy consumption in building sector. In this architecture of eco-friendly concept, the green building is rapidly expanding and existing as a ecological environment preservation. Moreover, the realization of zero energy house is to mandate for new buildings in 2025. The aim of further eco-friendly is through the prior ecosystems to restore and product energy for the 9 Green Building model houses in this paper. Building in the concept of ecology is to show about change into 7R's from the 3R's. The "Reduce", "Reuse", "Recycle" consisting of "3R's" is correlated with the traditional to the present Green Building Design. U.S. NCARB (National Council of Architectural Registration Boards) change into the concept of 7R's as "Receive", "Restore", "Respect" and "Remember", added to "3R's". In this paper, the 9 Green Building model houses do not meet the criteria of 7R's. But, the Green Tomorrow of Samsung C & T Corporation meet the 6 criteria for 7R's. This company is most comfortable at low carbon Green Building model houses. Conclusionally, introduction of eco-friendly technologies and amenities for the health of human and natural community life is to advance eco-friendly construction and enhance brand value of housing. By the way, The problem of eco-friendly architecture is initial investment and maintenance. Therefore, eco-friendly architecture and government has to try solving of this difficulty.
A study on characteristics of construction materials in Korean traditional construction area - Focused on a viewpoint of ecological esthetics -
Yang, Eun-Ji ; Kim, Kai-Chun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 224~232
Although evolution of construction materials brought about development of modern architecture, they caused destruction of the environment and pollution. This problem is not a new one in terms of ecological esthetics and materials of sustainable architecture in light of the Eastern view of nature and this idea became a background of this study. The basic concept is to try to find out their characteristics from a perspective of ecological esthetics in relation to traditional building materials that nature, architecture, and humans coexist and live with each other to balance. Based on ecological esthetics and precedent studies on materials of traditional architecture, we investigated connections, expressive methods and characteristics in traditional residential construction space. This attempt has meanings in that it can propose a new framework of forming various viewpoints and spatial perceptions in relation to esthetics and traditional construction materials. The current study examined the characteristics by dividing them into tangible and intangible elements based on expressive features of elements of nature. The characteristics found by this process are not simply notion of physical materials, but plays a key role aesthetically and ecologically. Nature and materials take circulation of the law of nature, regulate energy, increase efficiency and play a major role in an economic way. Nature in itself becomes natural alternative energy, and plays its role in an invisible fashion. It examined how expressive characteristics of construction materials are reflected through analyzing residential space and Korean traditional garden having relationships with Eastern viewpoint of nature in relation to Korean traditional construction materials from a perspective of ecological esthetics. Findings of the above study indicate that expressive characteristics of Korean traditional construction materials from a perspective of ecological esthetics are that nature, space, humans coexist and live together and they will provide a clue to an alternative to solve ecological and environmental problems modern society will have in the future. Through this process, it provided a possibility that traditional space and materials can be succeeded in creative and new ways, and it found out the way for nature, space, and humans to coexist and a possibility of ecological esthetics. It addition, it will provide a key base as an alternative of sustainable design of the future.
A Study on the pattern of tenant layout in the Urban Entertainment Center
Lee, Hyunsoo ; Oh, Jung-Ah ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 233~242
The purpose of this study is to analyze the pattern of tenant layout for selected cases of five different Urban Entertainment Center(UEC) in Seoul. This research deals with the process of gaining tenant layout pattern of 40 different types. It is composed of three combination unit with tenants of the same or different consumption mode, which is divided into four different functions of retail, entertainment, dining, and service. Then, every tenant of research cases is classified as one of the fabric type, and the data is analyzed to gain its frequency rate with SPSS 14.0 program. The following is the overall explanation of the result for this research. The frequency of tenant layout pattern between the same consumption mode shows the high rate when compared to the other patterns with different consumption mode. For example, the frequency rate of tenant layout pattern which retail and dining consumption mode are placed side by side like RRR and DDD is high. Interestingly, the frequency rate of RRR type of tenant layout pattern that sells the similar products shows especially high level. It can provide the effective environment for shoppers to compare retail goods in many different stores as producing synergic effects when they are located near each other, so this strategy should be considered when planning tenants in UEC environment. Moreover, in case of dining tenants, when they are clustered together in the UEC environment it can play a role as an anchor tenant. Tenant layout pattern of dining-retail and dining-service consumption mode shows the high frequency rate than other layout pattern with other consumption mode. Besides, entertainment consumption tenants combined with dining or retail tenants show the high frequency rate when compared to the pattern combined with service consumption mode.
A Study on the Symbolic Expression of Korean Scenic Design - Focused on 「Vishnvovvi sad」 of Anton Chekhov -
Choi, Hyun-Wk ; Yoon, Jae-Eun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 243~251
Theatricals have been with human's history for a long time. And It is also receiving a lot of love in modern times. The stage is recognized another space of time by spectators during the play and the production actualize fictional world by using all destination things on the stage. Therefore, the design of the stage has symbolism and the production needs semiological. The Elements expressed through the stage is composed of stage equipment, costume, lighting, stage effects and the production needs light, sound and costume designers, a stage manager, grips an advertising director for the play. The study analysis on symbolic image on the view of semigical with focused on "Vishnvovvi sad" of Anton Chekhov. The details of the study are symbolism of stage effect and costume, lighting, stage equipment. Furthermore, The study analyze way to symbolic Express korean characteristics and This research is an excellent source for students who are studying the semilogical analysis of stage.
A Study on the Tectonic Quality of Peter Zumthor's Works with a focus on materials, joint, break, structure and context
Kim, Eunice Ja Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 252~259
The aim of this study is in emphasizing the importance of the use of material and the tectonic and their influence on the spatial quality by analyzing Peter Zumthor's projects as case studies. In the research, Zumthor's choice of material, construction method (detail and structure) and the relationship with the context were analyzed in order to illustrate Zumthor's approach in making a strong tie with the locality. Three of Zumthor's projects of different sizes and programs were chosen to heighten the sensitivity of Zumthor's unique working method for each project. Peter Zumthor's architecture is neither superficial nor visually complex. On the contrary, he aims to express through the use of material and construction method, a unique relationship with the physical context, social context and most importantly the actual experience of the space itself. This study aims to contribute towards increasing the awareness and the interest in the materiality and the tectonics which are the fundamentals in spatial experience and spatial identity.
A Study on Developing the Standardized Index of Evaluation for Upgrading the School Facilities
Song, Byung-Joon ; Kim, Young-Suk ; Chu, Beom ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 260~270
The demographic and environmental changes such as the decrease of the population growth rate and the increase of the population of the senior citizens, which become issues of the modern society, are bringing numerous changes of many aspects like national economy, community, and culture. These social phenomena give impacts on the school facilities as well. Thus owing to the decrease of the number of the students, the number of the newly constructed schools has been decreased drastically, and moreover the merger of the schools cause many schools to be default. Meanwhile, the school facilities have been expanded into the functions of the local community centers, and the various educational activities demand the diversity and flexibility of the spaces. These factors add more burdens to the current schools. Therefore the school facilities are needed to adopt a flexible and relevant change necessary for using the spaces in accordance with the changed needs of the times, and are needed to reinvented continuously not to limit the educational and social activities because of the degradation of the school facilities. Yet because there are no proper criteria for doing the task, problems related to the relevance of the task and the unnecessary investment are raised. So through this study I tried to demonstrate the standardized index in terms of the sequential priority of upgrading the facilities among the schools.
A Study on the Expression of the Publicness on Public Branch Library Design - Focus on the Maricopa County, USA -
Son, Kwang-Ho ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 271~279
Among the community-based cultural facilities, public libraries are places for social and educational purpose that improve the education of the resident, the expansion of the basic cultural education, communication between the members of society, and the accumulations and preservations of the culture. Public libraries should be a local cultural facility that expresses the value of a community. This study aims to analyze the design expression of publicness in a public branch library as a community-based cultural space through the study of branch library in the U.S. This study focused on the most future-oriented and innovative Ten New Landmark Libraries in the United States selected by Library Journal magazine in 2011. Among the selected libraries, three branch libraries which belongs Arizona Maricopa County were included in the study. The results of this study are as follows. First, the sites of the branch libraries vary geographically, but the libraries increase accessibility are caused by unique appearances and design concept of intellectual interest. Second, the floor plan shows the separation of meeting rooms and faculty space from the public space and has visual and spatial open space by high ceiling of the reading room. Third, multi-functional public space for residents are meeting rooms, the external patios for reading, galleries, cafes, libraries-shops which provides a variety of cultural programs, activities, and the opportunity to socialize neighbors. Fourth, branch Libraries have unique designs that harmonizes with nearby places to reflect locality, giving the locals a sense of pride in their community. Fifth, concrete brick and metal panel were used as finishing material for the practicality of maintenance. In particular, transparent glass envelope allows the locals to stay for long time due to openness and brightness of space.
The Study on Introducing Art & Culture Space to International Airport - Focusing on Incheon International Airport -
Hong, Seung Hyun ; Woo, Sung Ho ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 280~288
The globalized modern society has facilitated the borderless travel which always starts and ends at the airport. The airport now serves the gateway in spreading and delivering the culture, beyond the role of simply providing assistance to the transport means. Nowaday, the nations throughout the world expand the existing facilities or build the new airport competitively as the medium to link the travel and modern community as well as the symbolism of economic and technical improvement and it has been developed as a huge industry creating a high added value, beyond the simple transport services. Incheon International Airport has already been recognized as the world-class airport but still has a long way to go. It's necessary to develop the comprehensive cultural and art concept for sustainable value creation, instead of remaining as the airport with sophisticated facilities alone.