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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Interior Design
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on Features of Space Perception shown at Intention of Observing the Space of Cafeteria
Choi, Gae-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.003
This study, with a space of cafeteria for the object, selected adjective and space for space evaluation based on existing dissertations and experts' survey so as to analyze the perception features by adjective into perception types. At space evaluation, the purpose of visiting the cafeteria was setup for test. Analysis of what perceptual information on the space was acquired enables to set up any features at a space and the direction of designing. The approach through the evaluation of space perception assigning this kind of observing intentionality can be applied to emotion technique which connects a designer to customers. From this study, the following conclusion has been reached. Frist, the difference at perception type by gender is formality, which is higher with women than men. When it is considered that other types are identical, it can be seen that the formality is the perception type to decide the selection of gender and has the highest average value among all the three types. On the whole, men have the tendency for regarding spaciality as the most important, while women have that for looking upon formality as such. Second, to the question what element they would see first when visiting for conversation, men and women answered respectively that they would see partition (35.6%) and chairs (38.0%). Men had a very strong propensity for the element of area section(partition) supporting the activity of purpose and women regarded the element of behavior support(chair) carrying out the activity of purpose as important. Third, the analysis of deviance shown at the formality of perception type showed that men had dispersive selection at the process of selecting all adjectives and their features at the process of space perception were higher than spaciality and fancine.
A Study on the Architectural Image of Contemporary Architecture and the Brand Marketing - Focus on the skin design of flagship stores -
Lee, Jin-Young ; Kim, Sung-Wook ; Jeon, You-Chang ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.011
The Contemporary consumer society demands companies to emphasize more on the brand marketing that can deliver the brand identities distinguished from those of competing companies. In today's environment, the meaning of consumption is not only a simple purchase of a product, but also assimilation into images, experience and emotional aspects of the brand. The flagship stores of brands take the advantage of the tendency seriously and utilize the envelopes of the building as marketing catalysts to establish their brand identities. This paper aims to investigate the possibility of the architectural envelope as a marketing element to establish the brand identities, by analyzing the design techniques that enhance the visual effects utilizing innovative application of material, pattern and connection details. it is studied that the function of architectural envelope's change from past to recent date and role of architectural envelope as means of marketing for expression brand image in contemporary commerce space and elements that can be applied on architectural envelope with theoretical consideration about marketing and brand identity. Also this paper will research about experience elements because the process for consumers to recognize brand image with architecture is the process of visual experience. And through example research, this paper will study interrelationship between visual system of cognition to be expressed on architectural envelope.
Study on facility classification development of Military Barracks - Focusing on the questionnaire survey and military officials' interview of the army, navy, air force and Marine -
Sung, Lee-Yong ; Yi, Sang-Ho ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 19~27
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.019
The objective of this study was to establish Facility classification for military barracks among military facilities. The military barracks are the place where soldiers spend most of their time. Thus, a new type of space in military barracks is required to improve the quality of life of the soldiers and make the military more advanced for national defense. The research method was to derive problems through a survey of the previous literature and case studies and to select target places in the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine based on the derived problems. An improvement scheme was proposed by developing criteria for military barracks spaces through a questionnaire survey. The following results were obtained: Facility classification inside of national defense military facility standard should be reorganized. The alternative plan is demanded for some camp which has no need about setting up the office facility. And the study of reasonable facility area after improvementing facility categorization is required.
A Study on the Expression of Materiality in Kuma Kengo's Architecture Space - Focus on the nature material -
Yoo, Jong-Ho ; Lee, Jung-Wook ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 28~37
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.028
Architecture of the present time has a general tendency that focuses only in its permanence between the structure and the ground. Architecture has the temporariness. In other words, it is a losing creation. Structure of natural building materials starts its life on the ground and also ends its life on there. Natural building materials leave no building wastes on their ground. Concerns about how to let materials contain not only its physical property but also their regional relation and timely temporariness can let us express materiality of natural building materials in modern construction spaces. And also, it will be the way of recovering the value of architecture and the healing human's sensibility. Kuma Kengo made an attempt that makes the best use of materiality in his work by using them in balance and draw new materiality by a fusion of them. In here, suggestion about the ways of using weak natural materials in modern construction spaces is the main object of this paper. And we can make a progress by analyzing Kuma's expression way of materiality in his work.
A Study on the New Simplicity in Contemporary Interior Space - Focused on the John Pawson's works -
Koo, Man-Jae ; Lee, Jung-Wook ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 38~46
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.038
The change in radically changing era requires various interpretation of interior space and application according to it Minimalism shows simple and pure geometric structure and has been influencing to every aspect encompassing space till present. The features of minimalism in space is geometric structure and composition of simple and repetitive line, restrained simple space, pure and structural simplicity. When minimalism construction is discussed, the vocabulary of simplicity has been followed incidentally and has been discussed as concept of simplicity in new viewpoint through historical flow. The purpose of this study is analyzing basic features of John Pawson's ways of working and trying to define the semantics of the new simplicity concept in modern interior space. The new simplicity in John Pawson shows interactive relationship of eastern and western through basic consideration of fundamental elements such as space, light and materials. The relational simple in intermediation of the new simplicity expressed by amalgamation of eastern and western further from disparate interpretation for simplicity expressed in eastern and western is to review back the basic meaning of simplicity in minimalism. And I hope this study can offer various directions for new interior space accepting theory of the new simplicity and I think that new constructional alternative is required as physical space which can be matched with era of social, environmental chaos caused by this theory of the new simplicity.
A Study on the Lighting Plan Characteristics of Office Buildings
Yi, Yon-Soo ; Ha, Mi-Kyoung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 47~54
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.047
For the office work environmental design, the importance of the design management is increased to improve operation efficiency as well as the aesthetic environmental implementation of the function today. Lighting is a required element ineffective operation environment. It has become more important for the aesthetic, economic, and practical reasons, to consider the luminous environment and the lighting of visual tasks separately. When the brightness is insufficient, productivity deteriorates, and the layout of the lighting located by mistake causes the fatigue of eyes. Productivity rises to office in a large number of studies so as satisfaction is low in general in the dark office, and to be bright. Therefore the purpose of this research is to suggest the right direction of lighting design of office building area. 11newly renovated office buildings are selected for this luminous environment research. We could conclusions as following through this research. First, it was planned brighter than the recommended lighting level in the most space. It shows that the accurate lighting design criteria is needed in order to achieve proper lighting environment. Second, the application of the LED lighting fixtures is continuously increased in the recent office lighting environment. It is explained that it is applied for reasons of the electrical energy reduction and the maintenance efficiency with the long life time. Third, the consideration of the lighting plan for the difference of working types is not enough. with various communication configuration through an independent plan, and the effective lighting plan that appropriateness preparation design and energy saving area vailable must be applied. Fourth, the lighting environment of the lobby needs a specialized lighting plan as are presentative space of the building.
A Study on Visual Metaphors that appear in the Stage Design of Bob Crowley - Focused on the stage design of 'AIDA' -
Hwang, Su-Yeon ; Yoon, Jae-Eun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 55~63
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.055
The main purpose of (the) performing arts is to efficiently communicate the themes and meanings which performances contain under limited time and place to the audience. Stage design should visually express play writer's scripts and director's interpretations of works, amid limitations. Although it is mostly designed metaphorically, in many cases, it is used only as a tool describing the background of performances but fails to effectively convey the true message of scenes to spectators. On the other hand, Bob Crowley has been recognized for his own design presentation skills to win 'Best Scenic Design of a Musical' of Tony Awards for six times and still exerts great influence on the musical and performing arts fields as a set designer. This study analyzes his reading of scripts and visual metaphor expressions, focusing on the musical, 'Aida' where the skills are mostly notable. To that end, we studied the concept of stage arts and theory of visual metaphoric expression to derive the features of his own technique in visual metaphor. Then, the features were applied to each scene of 'Aida' to see how they are displayed on stage. The result shows that Bob Crowley not only describes the background on stage, but also visualizes characters' personality and emotions in scenes. Such method of his expression is a proof to enhanced performance level by maximizing the atmosphere. Considering that a stage design should be based on the capacity of a designer to reinterpret the space with renewed viewpoints, visual metaphoric expression can serve as an effective tool to deliver clear messages to the audience under limited time and space, which is open to various methods of expressions.
Indentifying Metaphor and Analogy Strategies for The Creative Design using Protocol Analysis
Choi, Han-Hee ; Ju, Seo Ryeung ; Kim, Mi Jeong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 64~74
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.064
The aim of this research is to explore the potential of analogy and metaphor as design strategies for supporting the creative design thinking. For the empirical research on analogical and metaphoric process in designing, we conducted design experiments that consist of three different conditions of given items as stimulation for design inspiration: baseline, surrealist paintings, and housing design collections. The results were analyzed using a protocol analysis in order to obtain more systmatic interpretation of the design processes and strategies. As a result, it was noted that students are more apt to read visual information rather than semantic information in the given items. Instead of the representation of their senses or feelings from the paintings, they visualized the analogical images of the paintings for the design representation. However, analogical and metaphoric thinking derived from the given items seem change a designer's perspective, thus bring a novel interpretation on design problems, and eventually more creative and meaningful design ideas. An extended research using one-semester training and observation of the design studio process is introduced as a follow-up study for this paper. This research will investigate the long-term effect of the analogy and metaphor on the design thinking.
The Archi-Semiotic Characteristics of Spatial Modality in Interactive Space - Focus on Gilbert Simondon's Information of Technology -
Suh, Juneho ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 75~84
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.075
This study focuses on Gilbert Simondon's individuation theory, a core concept of his technological philosophy, and spatial modality in interactive space as the schema of interactive operation. The study examines spatial modality as the technology of an interaction-enabler that has archi-semiotic characteristics in the designed space by aspects of examples. They are based on ideas and properties of a combined environment and the concept of information, which form Simondon's individuation theory. In the process of technological individuation, spatial modality has the characteristics of archi-semiotics from a combined environment and information. The first of the three properties is representation through semiosis and the information surface. Second is the context by relation works and perception, and third are the symbolic aspects, which could create Placeness by meaning. Combining meaningful constructive and deconstructive spaces could result in space for interactive communication. Spatial modality makes it possible to interact with users and spaces. In fact, it could have a particular semiotic mode of address and become a semiotic and contextual base. As a basic investigation of spatial modality, this study will contribute to interactive space design research.
Adorno's Negative Aesthetic Interpretation of Meta-phenomena in Architectural Design - With a Focus on Mimetic Moments in Generation of Concepts -
Park, Young-Tae ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 85~96
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.085
This study relates to meta-phenomena in architectural design. Among others, this study aims to interpret and demonstrate the cognitive thoughts and methodological systems in 'autonomy and instrumentality' presented in works of art by positivist architects focusing on diagrams after the second modernity in addition to earlier formal experiments by John Hejduk, Peter Eisenman, Bernard Tschumi, and Daniel Libeskind. In order to achieve these aims, this study approached the mimetic concepts developed by Walter Benjamin and Theodor Adorno. Especially, meta-phenomena in the methods of architectural design were connected to productivity in Adorno's mimetic concepts. Also, in terms of formation and creation of works of art, the mimetic backgrounds of Adorno's theories on aesthetics were identified from features of concepts on the part of formal experiments. The results were systemized methodologically based on meta-phenomena appearing in pure arts and overall architectural design. These were presented as a framework to interpret 'autonomy and instrumentality' that exist in the working of negativity and mimesis. In this way, logics and intuition in architectural design as well as methodological systemization of convergent creativity were proved valid. In conclusion, Adorno's mimetic concepts systemized based on negativity and critical awareness may lead to new concepts. It has been proved that it is valid for security of meta-phenomena of architectural design as a production of autonomous spaces for differences and creation.
A Study on the Experimental Characteristics of Libeskind's Early Drawing Works
Chung, Tae-Yong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 97~104
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.097
This study aims at finding out the characteristics and influences of Libeskind's early drawing works through comparisons of each drawing. The importance of his experimental drawing works is not only their uniqueness but also relationship to creation and development of his architecture. Libeskind's musical and educational background had great impacts on forming his early drawings. A series of drawings including 'Micromegas', 'Chamberworks', and 'Theatrum Mundi' shows variety and experiments about reconstruction of three dimensional architectural fragments, abstractive line drawing and plane oriented painting. Libeskind himself cease to experiment drawing techniques but their characteristics still remain in his sketches, diagram and conceptual drawings. In spite of influences of undergraduate design studios, theoretical background of graduate studies, their experimental features are due to his continuous endeavor to make and develop his drawing skills and contents. As a result, his early drawings act as media and way to communicate and develop his concepts.
A Study on the Expression Transformation of Visual Information in 3D Architectural Models
Park, Young-Ho ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 105~114
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.105
This study investigated the application and the change of various architectural models by analyzing expression viewpoint media, which were applied to the visual information of digitalized 3D contemporary architectural models. The purpose of this study was to specify how modern architects have changed 3D architectural models to conceptual, logical, and formational visual information in the process of design. This study discovered a framework of analyses by theoretically investigating a relationship between expression media and expression change in the process of visualizing architectural models. Using the framework of analyses, this study analyzed how the expression viewpoints of architectural model information have been changed and applied. The transformation media of the visual information of digitalized 3D architectural models can be classified into conceptual, analytical, and formational information: 1) Contemporary architects used author-centered subjective viewpoints to express architectural concepts, which were generated in the process of their design. They selected a perspective viewpoint and a bird's eye view in order to present their architectural concepts and to depict them with one architectural model by expanding the visual scope of conceptual information. 2) Contemporary architects adopted observer-centered objective bird's eye view expression media to effectively present their architectural information to building owners and viewers. They used transformal media, which integrate architectural information into 3D and change it to different scales, in order to express their architecture logically. 3) Contemporary architects delivered model information about the generation and change of forms by expressing the image of a project from an author-centered viewpoint, instead of objectively defining formational information. They explained the generation principle of architectural forms via transformal media which develop and rotate an architectural model.
A Study on Temporality of 'Phenomenology of music' in Rem Koolhaas's space
Kang, So-Yeon ; Yoon, Sang-Young ; Yoon, Jae-Eun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 115~123
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.115
Today, the views on Temporality of space have been changed not only to be based on the concept of time, but also to identify the space with a body adapted to the new circumstances. The study suggests that the actions of performers in space have been important by changes of views and are connected to the music phenomenology mixed with music whose tempo is the phenomenology related with of human consciousness itself, and derives the temporal property by putting them into Rem Koolhaas space with the fluid quality. According to Clifton's Phenomenology of Music, an understanding of music is made in both human body and consciousness as two ways to listen to sounds and enjoy music. Though a correlation between the characteristics of Clifton's Phenomenology of Music and one of resulted from uncertainty and immateriality of modern space Temporality, we could work out four kinds of characters which are the continuity of the fluidity from temporal programs, contrasting changes or synchronicity, the multidimensionality from synesthesia of line and face, ventilation by quality of the material and immaterial circumstances of sound effects, the implication in events resulted from cognition for information and unexpected actions, and the autonomy of the route of a variety of experiences including intimate connection of inter-related events and temporary and diverse external conditions. Hereby Temporality of musical phenomenology in Rem Koolhaas's space can be experienced by systems base oh the importance of host's motion, changes of programs according to the motion as well as uncertainty and immaterial changes. Due to the changes user's emotion and motion is undergone as Temporality that changes automatically.
A Study on Relationship between Element theory of Cecil Balmond and Virtual Circulation of Gilles Delueze
Lim, Ki-Taek ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 124~131
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.124
The innovative designer and structural engineer, Cecil Balmond is co-representative of Ove Arup and has been co-worked with world-famous architects and has been influenced so much on architectural thinking. These days he extended his career as an architect. Moreover, he has been noticed through a few publishing by his own architectural thinking. He is describing the World with his unique insight based on structural perspectives, which have much common grounds with that of Deulezian philosophy. It is especially valuable to study the relationship between his thinking of Interior-Exterior Ring and Deleuzian thinking of Virtual Circulation for understanding more clearly about structural and compositional principle how world is composed of. The Ring is circulationg from interior to exterior which is similar with Deleuzian concept that the Smooth and the Striated is circulationg mutually. Seamless flight line would be ceaseless creative virtual process to actuality.
Comparative Study of Interrelationship between Events and Architectural Space
Lee, Mi-Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 132~142
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.132
An event as philosophical thought is expanded throughout our society and affected largely an architectural field as well as aesthetics. Paying attention to this fact, this study is to relate the event to an architectural space and to find an interrelationship between them. Since Martin Heidegger who started to be regarded the event as a subject of thought, many philosophers revealed different thoughts about it. Architecture works of Louis I. Kahn, Peter Zumthor, Steven Holl, Bernard Tschumi, Rem Koolhaas who had the influences from the thoughts of Martin Heidegger, M. Merleau-Ponty, Jacques Derrida, Gilles Deleuze, are analyzed and compared their features. The reason why this relationship has become the subject of research is because the event can be confirmed to be connected with an architectural thoughts by correlating with aesthetic texts. Throughout this study, each architect, who is affected from philosophers, has different characters as they have different thoughts about events. This study is expected to be used as an literature data of intertextuality of philosophy and architecture.
A Study on the Characteristics and Expression Methods of Phenomenal Light In Steven Holl's Architecture
Jang, Hyun-Ju ; Park, Chan-Il ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 143~153
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.143
The purpose of this study is to explore how to make use of the light and expression methods to embody phenomenal space by considering the representation techniques and characteristics of a variety of 'Phenomenal light' in his works focused on the Steven Holl's views that thought the light as object of creating space. The process is summarized as follows: (1) Study on the relationship between light and color, Classify concept and type of phenomenal light by phenomenal color (2) Consider the characteristics and expression methods of the phenomenal light in the Steven Holl's architecture (3) Finally, organize the concepts and representation techniques of phenomenal light, and then present method to embody phenomenal space by light. According to this, the results are as follows: (1) Perceptual color by the light of the sense forms a variety of perception and texture of light and shadow according to the contrast of shades and the change of materiality, thus embodying multisensory space with the light as the medium approach that helps to experience formal and tactile senses. (2) Spatial color by the light of volume distinguishes the flow and movement of sight, and embody inducing space with the light as Atypical activity that forms atmosphere of space through concentrated or overlapped mass of light and darkness. (3) Existential color by the light of the light source visualizes the existence of the uncertain light, and embody the receptive space with the light as emotional communication that forms symbolic and psychological meaning through metaphorical phenomena of colored light.
A Study on the Expression and the Sense of Time in Contemporary Architectural Space
Jang, Jung-Jae ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 154~163
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.154
This study is aimed to identify the expression and the sense of time in contemporary architectural space. And to classify the system and elements of Zeitlichkeit in the contemporary architectural design. The concept of time can be divided into two meaningful perceptions. Those are the concept of realistic time and the concept of subjective time. These tendencies of theories of architectural space has borrowed from innovations in the sciences, and the whole idea of space-time within art and architecture. Those notions developed through the researches of Bauhaus, Postmodernism, Landscape architecture, Digital Architecture and so forth. The result of this study is that the concepts of time are one of the most important strategies of architectural design and have the various languages which there was not in the past. At the point of the transformation in contemporary architecture, the The concepts of space-time are classified into those from the orders of form and space, from dynamic of the image in the dissolution of architectural form, from traces and steps of movement in dynamic form, and from the systems of commands in the digital softwares. As such, Zeitlichkeit in contemporary architecture means that the architecture moves from the construction of the sensual design elements into Art of life through events and contents which human can experience and recognize. These theories and researches reveal that contemporary architectural movements insert the meaningful stories into architectural space through programs and diagrams.
A Study on the Aesthetic Thought and Expression Tendency of Contemporary Architecture from the Concept of the Uncanny
Park, Kyoung-Ah ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 164~173
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.164
This study aims to analyze the aesthetic thought and expression tendency appeared in contemporary architecture by looking at today's architectural art based on the concept of the uncanny that Sigmund Freud contended as an aesthetic principle, of the aesthetic concepts tossed around to define the contemporary times in the aesthetics field and discuss the architectural analysis possibility of the concept of the uncanny. The generation structure of the uncanny that generates experiences of fear and surprise is classified into dual structure, trauma, threatening structure, and repetition compulsion. This is the principle that evokes a sense of experiencing subject, incorporates sensibility, and vitalizes internal process. This is also the methodology to organize and structure the concept of the uncanny. When seen from the four factors drawn from the concept of the uncanny and aesthetic expressions, the uncanny expression characteristics of contemporary architecture includes isolation, subversion, trace, absence, oblique line, flotation, concealment, and disturbance. Isolation and subversion refers to producing the space of the pressure of tension and relaxation caused by repression and relief from repression and eliciting the maximum expansion of the sense of space through spatial change. Trace and absence indicates being able to elicit more intense emotions from the experiencing subject by applying the images of alienation and absence in the way to reproduce historical trauma. This happens by implementing the potential value of physical activity. Oblique line and flotation means visual impulse. This happens in the way to visualize uneasy points. This causes uncanny by threatening the survival. Finally, concealment and disturbance refers to creating unpredictable space. The concept of masquerade and maze space composition are applied in the way to activate spatial perception, including space exploration and unintended subject's forced selection. As stated above, the uncanny expression characteristics shown in contemporary architecture can be presented as indicators that are available to analyze the undecided and diversified contemporary architecture aesthetically. In this respect, this study has great significance.
A Study on the Effect of the Difference at Design Pattern on the Characteristics of Observation
Kim, Jong-Ha ; Park, Sun-Myung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 174~182
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.174
This study divided the observation area in an indoor space for area setup to analyse the effect of the difference of design types on the characteristics of observation with the observed time of each area as objects. Though it is thought that the difference of design patterns may be influenced by the factors and material composing the space, no existing approaches have had any quantitatively measuring method. Eye-tracking could be efficiently utilized for observation analysis from the viewpoint of dating observation behavior. The followings are the results of analysing the observation characteristics depending on design pattern. First, 5 observing areas were set up according to concentration of observation time in order for the concentration by area to be examined and the factors of design having effect on the difference of observation patterns by design type could be analysed. Second, as a whole, the observation of modern types showed high observation characteristics. When the difference of observation characteristics by pattern was examined by difference at observation frequency, the observation frequency defined to be more than 50% was seen to be almost same from Area I to III and to get higher from Area IV, and that defined to be 30% was high at Areas III and IV. In Area V, it was very high at natural. Third, that of Area II is no more than 8.2% but had the most observation time. As for observation characteristics, the horizontal observation of the central part was the highest and had more observation frequency at modern type that at natural one. These observation characteristics by area enabled to analyse the observation tendency depending on design characters at relevant area. Fourth, the design factors composing natural type were found to bring more attention when the area showed higher concentration at natural type than at modern one. And the analysis of design factors could make it to be confirmed that the quality of material and background factors in addition to design factors in the area had more effect on sight concentration.
Semiotic Analysis of Expressive Features and Structural Meanings in Traditional Furniture of Korea, China and Japan - Focus on the Storage Furniture from 17
Kim, Eun-Jeong ; Park, Young-Soon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 183~193
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.183
The study aimed to find the fundamental differences of aesthetics in Korea, China, and Japan by analyzing expressive features and structural meanings of the storage furniture from
century. The study was performed in four steps; analysis of expressive features, isotopic analysis, semantic structure analysis, and comprehensive interpretation. The results showed that three countries had linear shapes with curvilinear elements, closed forms with open spaces, natural material hues with change of tone or color, and symmetrical forms with asymmetrical patterns and structures in common. Korea comparatively accented on the natural material colors and wood grains. China stressed on the big and wide faces using three-dimensional carving. Japan accented on the linear elements with strong color contrast and decorative metal fixtures. These features were caused by the traditional thoughts and according aesthetic principles. Korea and China were affected by the Confucianism focused on establishing the order of rank. Meanwhile, Japan was more influenced by the Buddhism emphasized on the individuality and communication. Therefore, the differences of the expressive features in furniture among the three countries were inevitable consequences of the different ideologies.
A Study on Evaluation Elements for Interior Coordination of Small-sized Housing - Focused on the below ㎡ small-sized housing between Korea and Japan -
Kim, So Hee ; Seo, Min-Woo ; Han, Young-Ho ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 194~202
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.194
In the modern society, phenomena such as a decrease in population and an increase in urban small houses caused by demographic changes, a decrease in midium-large housing constructions, and the concentration of one to two person families in the capital area cultivated ground for the growth of small house market. In response to these trends, interior coordination becomes a critical factor to be applied to the small houses in order to suit the residents' needs in most convenient, efficient and aesthetic ways. Therefore, an evaluation element is in demand to extract, evaluate and constantly improve the interior coordination elements. This study extracts and analyzes the essential elements required for small houses into spatial structure, system coordination and interior coordination. In domestic cases, most of spatial structure was conventional and linear while in foreign countries, various variations were found to reflect the needs from different consumers. For the system coordination, convenience played the most important role to emphasize on the easy use of digital system and built-in appliance system in domestic cases. However, in foreign countries, safety issue and economic aspects were the most considered when it comes to the interior coordination. In regard to interior coordination, installations of the storages for the limited small spaces that also support as extended spaces were rare to find in both cases for domestic and international settings. It is expected that systematic studies focused on more objective standards for interior coordination shall be implemented to provide indicators to measure the interior coordination cases in the near future.
Analysis of the Adaptability and Methods of Public space in media - Focused on new-media and HCI theory -
Koh, Gwi-Han ; Kang, Seon-Gyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 203~210
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.203
With digital technology, space design is developing in a new direction with the changing paradigm. The space creates an interactive environment by motivating the User's active participation through the digital madia. In this social stream, it is very important to think about how this new paradigm affects the spatial design and the interactions between social changes and spatial design paradigm, so that we can understand design paradigm of our time. Hence, in this research, we will think about social characteristic and design paradigm of digital age by questioning how spatial design is changing in the digital age and how digital technology is affecting spatial design. this study analyzed about the space form, digital media setting, user interactivity of the examples of experience space using digital media. fields of our society, interactive space with the concept of HCI became a big issue in environmental design field. In this interactive space, various types of informative factors of the given space are sent using sensor and computer networking technology to the main system, and the main computer system sends manipulated output media to interactive devices. So, a user's movement in the space is more than just a movement itself user's movement now forms a important spatial structure that leads the narrative of the space. Researcher will analyze the characteristic of a public space and progress this research supposing that space needs this interactive design.
A Study on the Current Issues and System Improvements of Interior Design-Related Law in Korea
Lee, Chang-No ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 211~221
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.211
As the result of investigating domestic interior design (interior architecture) field-related laws, it was found that interior design (interior architecture) is not recognized as in independent area due to weak classification standards by Korean standard industrial classification and job classification. Korean standard industrial classification is applied as a standard setting limits to applicable targets and industrial fields for laws related to general administration and industrial policy other than various statistic purposes. Also, the standard industrial classifications regarding the industry field determines the laws or applicable tax rates, government support and such according to the classification, and thus is very important. Moreover, interior architecture field is largely different from general architecture due to specialization and distinct characteristics, but due to the comprehensive concept of architecture industry regulations, it is considered the proper assessment for the professionalism is not conducted. Also, interior architecture field has irrational contradictions that is not independent with a clear definition and industry field classification not only in legal system and trade customs. Therefore, The following is proposed as the plan to strengthen the domestic/international competitiveness and system improvements for interior architecture. (1)interior design (interior architecture) must be amended as an industrial classification that can coexist with architecture. (2)interior design (interior architecture) must be amended as a job classification that can coexist with architecture. (3)Among the design tasks of an architect, approval for the design task field of interior architecture field must be legislated. -In architect design standard contract (the existing architecture design task scope and quality standard table) of a structure, among the tasks by request of the owner, (1)interior design tasks shall be legislated. It should be legislated so that interior design (interior architecture) majors can be included as well. (4)The task field of interior design that coexists with design must be amended. (5)National contract law - among contract method by negotiation, specialty item must be vitalized.
A Study on the Development of Convergence Educational Program for Children - Focus on Convergence hand-on Education between Design and Robot Science -
Han, Hae-Ryon ; Jo, Hye-Gyeong ; Jang, Yon-Hwa ; Ban, Ja-Yuen ; Lee, Yun-Hee ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 222~230
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.222
The convergence progress in science technology and ensuing changes in educational environments require another huge change in education programs in the 21st century defined as a knowledge-based information society. But nowadays, prospective college students are increasingly avoiding natural science and engineering. So, educational fields in korea need suitable convergence educational programs (STEAM: science, technology, engineering, arts, mathematics) for creative competent person who is training and experiencing. In addition, environmental design fields are predicting about spread of Kinetic architecture. Therefore the aim of this study is developing convergence hand-on educational program which is incorporate robot science into environmental design for children. The program and teaching materials were developed by mapping between robot science and environmental design process leading the Design Promote Committee in KIID(Korea Institute of Interior Design) supported research teams in Hansung University. And then, For utility of the program, we had a 3 times of demonstration of empirical education. First, graduate students of design and robot major, and small group of children who are selected, at last, 63 children who are applying the program randomly. For more high quality program, we were conducting survey of post-empirical education evaluation for children and their parents. In conclusion, we found out highly satisfaction of the program those two groups. Also they need more organized places, time, task and so on. And the convergence educational program would develop by systematic approach and empirical research. At last, various and series convergence programs and teaching materials would develop creative competency based for regular and irregular courses of whole educational period.
A Study on the Urban Public Design which Introduced the Concept of Hypermedia
Yang, Jin-A ; Lee, Young-Soo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 231~238
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.231
As the technical medium evolves, the method of accepting information is changing. The technical medium also appears in various ways through the combination with art. This study aims to conduct research on how hypermedia, appearing from this, will reveal itself in the urban public design in terms of its expression mode. First, this study looks at the characteristics for expression representation of hypermedia art through theoretical considerations on the hypermedia. Second, this study identifies how hypermedia art is introduced in the urban public design through art cases. Third, this study reveals the characteristics depending on the expression mode of hypermedia art shown in the urban public design based on the analyzed cases. As a result, first, hypermedia appeared in various image lighting expression modes that use 'light' in the urban public design and interacted with the public. Second, hypermedia reacted to 'motion' and was the expression mode of using bodies in the urban public design and using peripheral devices and external environment and characterized by having complex patterns of multi-layered structure through multi-media. It also applied sight, hearing, and touch partially or integratedly to attract synesthesia from the public and checked mutual interaction rapidly in an improvised way. Third, such a complex digital technology was the network expression mode beyond space and time by medium of urban public design and characterized by the new experience of virtual space expansion through the world wide network and the communication mode of participation. With such a role change of media and combination with art, hypermedia has been achieving varied extended representations. It is considered to change our monotonous urban environment, restore our relationship with the public, and open a new field of communication. Accordingly, the significance of this study can be identified through how it aimed to display the expression method of hypermedia which caused its extension in the field of urban public design as well as through the derivation of relevant characteristics.
A Study on the Color Extendability in Mark Rothko's Color-Field Abstract
Kim, Sun-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 239~246
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.239
This study is aimed at understanding the color extendibility of color-field abstract through Mark Rothko's paintings. Color extendibility is a structure applied by Mark Rothko. He simplifies it and by pursuing autonomy and immediacy of the color itself, including surface color and the front of color-field, Rothko creates value through motions in his square paintings of non-fixed shapes. Chapter 2 revisits the meaning of color in abstract expressionism and explains the principle of color-field by applying the concept of ergon and parergon. In chapter 3, the principle, processes, methods, techniques of expression were studied as a basis to understand color extendibility and color-field abstract. In chapter 4, the works of Mark Rothko were analyzed based on his multiform paintings(1946-1948), number and untitled(1949-1957), and black paintings(1958-1970) in order to identify, in the final chapter, the features of color extendibility in Rothko's works. According to the above research, the thesis successfully concludes that the artist's reconstruction of reality and readjustment of transcendent reality are reproduced via color extendibility, the movement of color-field.
A Study on Area Color of Gwangbok-ro Based on the Analysis of the Colors of the Facade Designs of Stores Along the Road
Yeo, Mi ; Lee, Chang-No ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 247~255
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.247
In this study, the colors and characteristics of Gwangbok-ro of Busan were analyzed in the standpoint of local images based on the examination of the facade designs of stores along the road of Gwangbok-ro, Busan a main street with massive population flow. To that end, the facades of stores, correlation with the city, color and locality were examined, and after the status of facade designs in Gwangbok-ro were identified through case survey by it, color images were analyzed. For color analysis, Munsell color system was used as basic tool. As a result of examining the colors in Gwangbok-ro area, the following status could be analyzed on 3 attributes of hue, brightness and chroma: First, analysis results of hue indicated that dominant color that covers 70% or more of the area represented mid brightness and low chroma in GY(36.1%) series, subsidiary color which covers 25% or more of the area mid brightness and low chroma in YR(26.5%) series, and accent color that covers less than 5% of the area high brightness and low chroma of GY(40%) series. Second, in brightness analysis, dominant color mostly represented mid brightness, subsidiary color mid brightness and accent color high brightness respectively. In particular accent color showed more intensive crowding phenomenon in high brightness. Third, as for chroma, dominant color, subsidiary color and accent color all are gathered in low chroma, however in small number of accent colors, peculiar high chroma appeared notable. In conclusion, the colors of Gwangbok-ro area analyzed based on the facade design of the stores along the road in this study were superficial colors that reflect the life of people in the area, artificial colors by improvement of the local environment. This study is meaningful in that the image of Gwangbok-ro was found through building colors in one part of the city Busan. It is judged that the study results would become useful as reference document in planning out environment colors later on.
Smart Services of the Bathroom Reflecting the Behavior Patterns of the Elderly
Lee, HyunSoo ; Jung, Ji Yea ; Park, Sung Jun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 256~264
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.256
A bathroom in house has been stressed not only as a space for physiology and hygiene but also leisure and healthcare. However, the bathroom is the most likely space where an elderly person can have an accident and it is uncomfortable space for them because of their deteriorating physical ability. So the purpose of this study is to help the elderly use their bathroom conveniently by providing smart service. Therefore, we carry out 18 smart service patterns that contain assistive devices and sensors for bathroom. Considering applicability and frequency, from among these service patterns, we suggest 4 service patterns. First is a fall prevention service. This service helps elderly use the bathroom safely at night. Second is a getting ready to go out service. This service helps the situation that elderly use the bathroom after getting up in the morning. Third is a security service in daily life especially before or after meals. And final is a service regarding personal hygiene service after returning home. This service helps to shower or bathe after return home. These services have positive influence in medical expense reductions, good health care and self-reliance of elderly.
Study on the Analysis and the Application of State-of-the-Art Daylighting Design Cases - Based on the Case Studies of LEED(Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Multi-Family housing -
Yoon, Hea-Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 265~273
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.265
The purpose of this study is to analyze the state-of-the-art daylighting design among LEED(Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) multi-family housing cases and to explore the feasibilities for their applications in domestic housing design. Occupants in multi-family houses are reported to consume more electricity power than those in single houses. That may imply the problems of daylighting design in domestic housing design for multi-family houses have better insulation system and less windows and outside walls than single houses. Therefore two systems, daylight delivery system and daylight control system, are scrutinized for daylighting design with LEED cases. The findings show when windows as a daylight delivery system are combined with overhangs, fins, louvers, fenestration materials, speciality fenestration, or interior controls as a daylight control system, the outcome goes with more energy savings and better facade design. Beside those, lightshelves as a daylight delivery system seem to have potentials in domestic multi-family houses with deep plans and less outside walls. Daylighting designs in domestic multi-family houses need to pursue available options more to achieve the integration of energy and aesthetics values.
The Planning of Common and Living Space in the Dormitory Buildings on Campus - Focused on the Dormitory Buildings in Chung-chung Province -
Kim, Jung-Eun ; Kim, Mi-Kyoung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 274~282
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.274
This study aims to investigate planning characteristics of common and living space in the dormitory buildings on campus in Chungcheong province. A document research method was used to analyze and classified into floor-plan, zoning and area. Also site visits were conducted at 8 dormitory buildings of 4 universities, and drawings were collected and compared for this research. The results of this study were as follows; 1)Most floor plans of public spaces had corridor types and integrated public space types. The typical floorplan of living space was 2person-1bedroom and apartment type which shared livingroom, bathroom, restroom and shower between bedrooms. The living space type of dormitory buildings was more complex and growth in size. Unit community combined 2-4person per 1bedroom in floor plan can help student with identity and affiliated formation. 2)The types of the spatial composition in public spaces were devided into three zones; study, living and administrative zones such as seminar room, public bathroom and storage, etc. This results shows that various types of public space for the improvement of community of small group has recently become more important than basic sanitary space in public space of dormitory buildings on campus.
A Study on the character of Urban Entertainment Center in multi-anchor and exposure time - Focusing on Cheongryanri station and Yongsan station -
Kim, Hyeongjung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 283~290
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.283
The change of shopping environment created new emerging type of shopping center after 1990's, Urban Entertainment Center(UEC) in northen America. One hand traditional shopping center was retail-centered, the other hand UEC is entertainment-centered and offers the trinity of synergy. Each components, that are retail, dining and entertainment, play a role of drawing people, extending duration of visiting and making people revisit then the synergy makes commercial profit in shopping center. As northen America many of shopping centers with complex have been built in Korea since 2000 and some projects is planning by the change of shopping environment and regenerating urban. Although the term of "UEC" is used in Korea, it seems to be added entertainment facilities to shopping center without considering on commercial strategy. This study will take a look at mix and duration of visit which ULI stresses in UEC development and comparing with those of Yongsan Station and Chyeongrangri Station which are built recently in seoul, it will get characters and situation of these UECs. Finally, the analysis is to be used as a planning data in UEC development.
A Study on Information Transmission Processing Types of Exhibition Medium per Sensory receptor - Focus on National Museum of Nature and Science's Global Gallery, Tokyo -
Jeong, Hye-In ; Lim, Che-Zinn ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 291~298
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.291
A science museum responds independently based on the exhibits and exhibition environments as the visitors are different in purposes, interests and demands. Therefore a science museum should be designed keeping it in mind that there are various ways for visitors to perceive and use the exhibition spaces and exhibits. The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the characteristics of sensory receptors for the exhibits in National Museum of Nature and Science's Global Gallery, Tokyo, in terms of information transmission and to identify the nature of exhibit medium that can affect the perception and recognition of the exhibits by visitors. Through these 9 sensory receptors, human recognizes first with visual, auditory and olfactory senses and reacts using vestibular organ, proprioceptor (stretch), tangoreceptor, themoreceptor, taste and olfactory senses. Human uses these information processing to recolonize the external environment. This process is similar to the visitor's information transmission process for the exhibition medium. By dividing the analysis results per exhibition theme and developing the information transmission processing types per sensory receptor, we could understand that the distribution conditions are closely connected with the composition of the exhibition scenario in the exhibtion area. Especially, the understanding of how the information transmission is made through sensory receptors could can be the criteria that determines on the factors that can identify the exhibition purposes of a science museum which are eduction and understanding.
A Study on the Exhibition Space Design for Visual Art - Based on Rémy Zaugg's Writings -
Yoon, Jae-Won ; Choi, Choon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 299~306
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.299
While artists and architects both recognize the importance of well-designed exhibition spaces, they have rarely shared, through direct and open communication, their thoughts on what constitutes an ideal architectural context for art. Remy Zaugg's text offers a rare and valuable insight on artists' conception of an ideal space for art, and his words and diagrams have directly influenced some of the successful architectural projects for art in the recent past. By analyzing the original content of Zaugg's writings, and highlighting Zaugg's key design elements from three sample projects, all of which mention Zaugg's text as a direct reference, we can compile a list of core design elements for constructing an ideal space for art. Three museums closely incorporated all but two of Zaugg's seven core planning elements, and the remaining two recommendations on the luminous ceiling and gallery distribuition were more subjectively interpreted. These deviant components in turn become unique features to each project, suggesting proper areas of intervention for architects as authors.
A Study on the Guideline of Toilets Design for Elementary Lower-Grade Students - Based on the Survey for Elementary Schools under Seoul Gangseo District Office of Education -
Yoon, Hyun-Young ; Jeong, Yoo-Na ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 307~317
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.307
Elementary school's physical environment is critical to lower grade students. Among the many physical conditions, Toilet, which belongs to health and sanitation category is very important to those who start school for the first time. The purpose of this study is for suggesting the guidelines of toilet design reflecting psychological and behavioral aspects of lower grade students. The research was executed as follows. Firstly, focused survey groups were carefully chosen. Five elementary schools were selected, being all open after 2005 under Seoul Gangseo District Office of Education. Secondly, field study was executed to find out toilet usage, during the period between April to June 2012, by visiting schools to see basic facilities, taking pictures and making actual measurement in each toilets. The architectural analysis was focused on location, moving line, actual size and space zoning, while the interior analysis being on finishing materials and the design of sanitary equipments. And the design elements such as color, lighting fixture, art works or signage were analysed, too. Finally, questionnaire survey was done to find out preferences of lower grade students. As a result, the guidelines of toilet design can be divided into two main parts, Physical and Psychological. For the Physical part, it is necessary for related facilities to be concentrated in order to give easy access. In addition, good ventilation, better lighting and to install sanitary equipments ergonomically are required. Furthermore, safe and clean maintenance should be considered. Psychologically, the design should be directed for making lower grade students come to toilets with comfort and more pleasantly.
Community Shared Space Planning for Vitalization of For-Profit Urban Elderly Welfare Housing
Jang, Eun-Hye ; Kim, Mi-Kyoung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 318~327
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.318
Elderly welfare housing refers to a residential facility with diverse medical and welfare services for cohabitation of elderly. Especially, community shared spaces in the elderly welfare housing plays an important role as a place for community and leisure activities that enhance vitality of elderly life. The purpose of this study was to investigate types, planning characteristics and actual utilization of community shared spaces in for-profit elderly welfare housing. Eight for-profit elderly welfare housing facilities in Seoul and Gyeonggi province were selected for this study and categorized into small-, medium- and large-scale facilities based on the number of housing units. Community shared spaces in the elderly welfare housing were classified into six space types: social space, education space, exercise space, medical space, convenience space and leisure space. Findings are as follows. Small-scale elderly welfare housing facilities with less than 100 housing units had fitness centers, clinics, restaurants, convenience stores and hobby rooms which were required by law. All community shared spaces were planned on a single level. Fitness centers was found the most frequently used while the other spaces were not used very frequently. Medium-scale facilities with 100 to 299 housing units had multi-purpose halls, libraries, swimming pools, indoor and/or outdoor driving ranges, physical therapy centers, saunas, karaokes and so on. Most community shared spaces were found frequently used. Large-scale facilities with 300 or more housing units had religion rooms, community halls, hair salons, pharmacies, etc. In most facilities, community shared spaces were planned in distributed locations.
A Study on the Characteristics and Satisfaction on the Interior Design of Asian Cruise Ship - Focused on the interior space of Costa Victoria -
Bong, Sunwha ; Yoon, Jiyoung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 328~338
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.328
This study aims at exploring the characteristics of interior design of the Cruise line running Korea, Japan and China, and the satisfaction level of the Korean passengers for the interior design. Literature review and the physical traces of the cruise ship interior including 4 types of cabins and public spaces such as main hall, restaurants, outdoor swimming pool, jogging track, theater, meeting room, duty-free shop were performed. Also, the questionnaire to the passengers were used to understand their preferences and satisfaction level for each space. The results show that the passengers are very satisfied with the color and atmosphere of the cabin, while they complain the inconvenience of the bathroom size. Also in the public space, they prefer western classic style and modern style rather than Asian or Korean style. This means that they want the exotic feeling coming out of home. Also they prefer buffet restaurant, duty-free shop, theater, observation platform compared to other public spaces. However, the problem is that there are no place for the Korean family members with young children except for the outdoor pool. The interior and the program should be redesigned for the public spacs such as cinema room, family karaoke and internet-free room for Korean passengers.
Analysis on the Actual Environmental Conditions of Domestic and Oversea Police Detention Facilities
Cho, Hyeonmi ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 339~349
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.339
The primary purpose of this research was to set up the standard guidelines for the planning of interior architectural environments of the detention facilities at the Korean Police Stations. By visit-studying the actual interior environmental conditions of 5 different kinds' domestic Correcting Facilities and 5 domestic police detention facilities and 2 foreign police detention facilities, comparing them to the existing Korean correctional institutions' cell facilities, that the strengths and weaknesses had been analyzed to extract the main concepts and the planning scheme for the Standard Korean Police Detention Facilities. By reserching the National human Right Commitee's Anual Reports, three different indexes were picked out for those analysis : the Environmental control index, the Detention Service support index, the Environmental support index. These three indexes will be used as Key factors for the planning of interior architectural environments of the detention facilities at the Korean Police Stations.: (1)the Environmental control index to establish the Space Program, the Spatial Hierarchy and the horizontal & vertical Security Blocks, (2)the Detention Service support index for the central Environmental Control & Security System, the Secured Privacy for both detainees & police offices, (3)the Environmental support index for the gender-respected segregation of cell zones, the psychological & physical safety design factors, the construction standards of all rooms in a detention facility. The result of this study should be used as the guidelines for "The Standard Plans and Regulations for the Korean Police Detention Facilities" to respect fundamental human rights.
A Study on the Planning of 119 Rescue Centers in Interior Design - Focus on the newly-built constructions since 2008 -
Kim, Sung-Ju ; Kim, Moon-Duk ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 350~358
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.1.350
Due to recent change in fire stations, this study aims to propose improved directions for planning of 119 rescue centers through its analysis of spatial organization and characteristics by functional area based in case studies of new-design centers. The Korean 119 rescue centers have changed in terms of function and roles in line with the flow of changing social environments, so it has been required to give new spatial change to these centers. It's meant in this study to classify compulsory special service spaces for the 119 rescue centers by domain and to suggest design guidelines for each type of spaces. Eight case of recue centers that were newly built in and after 2008 were selected and analyzed to serve the purpose. Finally, the results of this study were as followed: First, each of the rescue centers is divided into several domain depending on the type of work, and there are meaningful characteristics in the vertical and horizontal spatial layout of the individual spaces. Second, there are specific differences among the spaces in the spatial occupation percentage. The percentage of the space for community service is obviously lower in the 119 rescue centers in Seoul than in Incheon. Third, the domain classification criteria of this study are selected based on earlier studies, and another space for community service is newly added as a result of making a case study.