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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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Korean Institute of Interior Design
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Meaning and the Design Trend of the Body in Contemporary Architecture
Jang, Jung-Jae ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 3~14
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.003
This study is aimed to specify the meaning of the body and the design trends in contemporary architecture. Architecture is based on the human life of various meaning, events, experiences, images, senses and interactions through the body. Thoughts, behaviors, and senses of human are interrelated in architectural experiences. Individuals experience the built environments and space, not through the ideas but through the senses and movements of the body. So, bodies make the real space of architecture. Contemporary architecture accepts the theory of phenomenology and places on the thoughts of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Heidegger, Nroberg Schulz and so on. Such researches effect on the architectural trends to make design processes works on the programs in views of the expansion and the structuralization of human body. In detail, the aim of this study is to analyse the architecture as the fields of the subject with body as the center, design processes and principles changed form metaphysical thought to phenomenological discourse, and the design trends in contemporary architecture at last. In process of movements, vision centered architecture moves into the bodily experienced architecture and changed the trends from absolute form design to design of relative processes. In conclusion, architectural formation-dissolution-reconstitution of body creates the architectural thoughts such as human proportions, perspective space, ergonomics, modular, organic architecture, experience space, synesthesia, event architecture, fashion-invoked architecture, interactive surfaces, metamorphosis, and others.
A Fundamental Study on the Environment-friendly Planning Elements Shown of the Contemporary Housing
Kim, Jung-Gon ; Koh, Gwi-Han ; Han, Chang-Hwan ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 15~22
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.015
The domestic industry of construction is requiring an application building concept which could be one of the solution to the environment problem sand to the sustainability of development. It means that the consideration of the housing from a environmental friendly point of view is importantly necessary all things and the housing should be planned or responding to the concept of a environmental friendly planing. For this reason, the purpose of this study is to derive the design elements for the environmental friendly housing and to choose the priority element and to bring the planning guideline for the environmental friendly housing. The purpose of this study is to identify pro-environmental attitude of environment-friendly apartment residents, to examine importance of environment-friendly planning features, and to examine environment-friendly planning features according to residents` environmental perception. and now i suggest that important improvement direction by housing estates be accessed and analyzed through environmental approach, because environmentally friendly paradigm is one of the most effective and fundamental methods for developing housing estates.
A Study on the Characteristics of Organic Concept and Interpretation at F. L. Wright and T. Ito`s Architecture - Focus on Wright`s Robie House and Ito`s Sendai Mediatheque -
Park, Hyung-Jin ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 23~32
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.023
This study represents something in common and differences of organic characteristics between early modern architecture and contemporary architecture analysing F. L. Wright`s Robie House and Toyo Ito`s Sendai Mediatheque. A natural organic body cannot be separated from the natural environment, and each part of an architecture has each own property and forms a whole at the same time. That is a basic concept of organic architecture, and a framework for analysis is set up based on it. The followings are similarities and differences of organic concept and interpretation between Wright`s Robie House and Ito`s Sendai Mediatheque First, Wright` Robie house unites with the natural surrounding, using a physically close connection to the ground. In contract, Ito`s Mediatheque shows characteristics of noncentural and fluidic space that are metaphorically reflecting tangible and intangible of factors in modern city, where there is an ambiguous physical boundary between architecture and urban environment. Next, floors, walls and ceilings of Wright`s housing as for basic building blocks are physically separated and at the same time form formative unity from the point of view of a physical and structural organic body. And continuous flow of faces of separated walls form an organism united with the nature from a physical aspect. On the contrary to this, there is an no-boudary and floating organic architecture of integrated structure from ambiguous setting of relation between architecture and urban space in Ito`s architecture. Especially, Mediatheque shows semantic integration of floating urban environmental factors through horizontal and vertical integration of horizontal slabs, vertical pipes, and skins. Last, horizontal and vertical factors of Wright` Housing is appreciated as an basic experienced structure in terms of spacial perception and fluidic inner spaces in Wright`s housing is completed with a series of spatial experiences in a visual sense. On the other hand, no-boundary and floating space of Ito`s architecture accept user`s physical and virtual body. Especially, there is an integration transcending beyond time and space, accepting an imaginary body and events with the course of time at Ito`s Mediatheque.
A Study on the Adaption of Creative Thinking Methodologies in the Spatial Design - Focused on TRIZ -
Kim, Sung-Hye ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 33~40
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.033
This study aims to recognize that creative thinking methodologies can be adopted in the spatial design. The concept of `Convergent` and `Divergent` used in structure of intellect model by Guilford is chosen to understand the character of creative thinking methodologies. Technical and physical contradictions is analyzed for `40 inventive principles` of TRIZ and spatial design works. Through this study, we recognize that the creative thinking methodologies consist of analysis, idea generation and evaluation phase. The psychological inertia that limits the creative thinking should be move away from solving problem, and convergent and divergent thinking have peculiarities to be adopted in condition and to be harmonized, and to set the direction of solving technical problems through to reach the target point integrated way of thinking is needed. `40 inventive principles` by Altshuller are based on engineering and useful in many areas of fields. However some principles are not accepted in design process because these are not considered in design field and paradigm is changed from machine to nature. Nowadays, nature is a prime issue for sustainable human life, because it has sustainable recycle structure and saving energy ways. Thus, creative thinking, including TRIZ is useful in design education and progress, and should be an essential element to get a new design paradigm.
A Study on the Structure and Characteristic of Overlapping of Storytelling about Experience Space - Focus on the Museum space -
Ahn, Hyunjeong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 41~51
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.041
Lately in many cases, Spaces are designed by stimulating user`s sensibility, emotion, psychological software over based on the user behavior and purpose of space. Because space is not only practical using and use purpose but also the place for expressing ourselves by experiences. But space is a physical thing. so we need to arrange a structure of abstract and formless source of design by sophisticated grammaticalization. Especially storytelling of that abstract thing have characteristics of relation, process among users and space. because storytelling is focused on the discourse of stories and relationship record of that discourses. So this is used by expression device for user`s emotion things and subjects in numerous cases. And storytelling is the basic, important element for user`s experience in a space. By the way, Overlapping is also basic element for being possible to make experiences by concrete thing. that is because, Overlapping is layering phenomenon of some objects. Overlapping is made distance, distance make depth, and this relations take us an experience. Finally storytelling, Overlapping and space of experience are relation of cause and effect. So in this thesis, researcher looks for the relation characteristics between storytelling and overlapping by experience. and makes the abstract source into concrete and sophisticated formular.
A Study on the Modernism Characteristics of Spaces in Contemporary Korean Cinemas
Choi, Hyo-Sik ; Woo, Seung-Hyun ; Yoon, Hea-Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 52~61
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.052
This study set out to compare and analyze the spaces in the images and sets of the representative movies that led the new heyday of Korean film since 1997 and examine the characteristics of contemporary Korean modernism in the movies, thus building an academic foundation for future exchanges between contemporary Korean architecture and contemporary Korean cinema. As for methodologies, the study first examined the film theories on how to utilize spaces projected onto moving images. Secondly, the study made an overall comparison of the characteristics of spaces in the representative movies of contemporary Korean cinema since 1997. Finally, the study compared and analyzed them with the intrinsic characteristics of modernism architecture space. The research findings were as follows: first, the representative movies of contemporary Korean cinema since 1997 either had a backdrop of everyday modernism space in the 1970s and 1980s or created a new space of late or post modernism in them that escaped from daily life for the mise-en-
composition. Secondly, the contemporary Korean cinemas used the unornamented modernism architecture in Korea as the props of revealing the personalities and emotional aspects of the characters in a prominent fashion. Thirdly, they also used communication between internal and external space and spatial severance via the facade window in modernism architecture as important devices for narration organization. Finally, they selected the camera positions by applying the principle of open space, which allows for the expansion, reduction, and distinction of space according to functions, and thus established a methodology to create a space fit for the personalities of characters and stories.
A Study on Space Practice Based on the Discussion about Social Space
Song, Young-Min ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 62~69
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.062
The purpose of this study is to research the viewpoint of space practice method through the discussion about social space. The study researched how social practice strategy is unfolded through the understanding about daily life, space manufacture and interaction. As a social practice, space design should adopt the interaction approach method on the basis of social relationship latent in the base of space. As a result of study, the viewpoint of space practice can be summarized into 3 viewpoints as below. First, it is the viewpoint of recognition through the experience meeting daily life. Rural space is the one of experience where daily life and social relationship interact each other. As a delicate sensible experience, it is the recognition of special space detected in the space where daily life occurs. Second, it is the viewpoint of form creation as a media product of society and space. Space is a whole creature of the relationship that has been formed socially as a historical process. Depending on the goal of community, new form is created by sharing the characteristic of space and having sense of kinship. Third, it is the viewpoint of tuning as a practice for subject participation. Rural space is the daily space to practice structured society subjectively through interaction. In the place of subjective life, there should a space practice with the tuning and cooperation method between subject and society. The main vein of space practice, which is analyzed with the discussion about social space, shows that out lives are maintained by space practice and directly connected to social relationship and structure. After all, the space, which is searched for through space design, has a clear subjectivity, ensures abundant subject life and is led to realization of community value.
A Study on Perceptual Characteristics of Facade Design and Composition Elements of Cafe Space
Choi, Gae-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 70~77
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.070
This study has analysed the composition elements in a cafe space where visual transfer-elements are filled and the perceptual characteristics of facade designs with the purpose of drawing any important elements to advertisement and their related items for uniqueness of designs. For the analysis of the perception process shown in the consecutive situations of observing and visiting cafes, the cafe facade was grouped and stereotyped for the analysis of perceptual characteristics and significant composition elements for better designing of cafes through survey with representative facades as subjects. The conclusions from this study are the followings. First, for the uniqueness specific to cafes to be integrated into facade, memory was chosen first as the most significant advertisement factor followed by interest as with male and attention as with female. The memory has much to do with furniture and finishing material of Clause (4), Chapter 4.1 and the types having effects on perception of Clause (1) and the atmosphere having effect on that of Clause (2) were found to be major factors to attention and interest. Second, it was found out that women preferred horizontally stable partition and men clearly divided facades. The factor of shape was observed first among the constituents of facade followed by color. There was no difference with `shape` between men and women and color was found to be a space constituent having a lot of effects on women. Third, the memory of experience from visiting a cafe was very likely to offer the motivation of visiting it again, on which furniture had the most effect followed by finishing material and color. Such elevation elements as facade and logo were found not to have effect on the memory or the re-visit. Any intention of visiting again seemed to be influenced by such comprehensive images as atmosphere rather than by any concrete facade, furniture, or appliance. From the above viewpoint, facade design should have any uniqueness or impressive feature as well as the effect of making passers-by drop in and attracting them into the shop. The analysis of attributes of facade constituents revealed that the abstract images in addition to the configuration of facade had much to do with interest or behavior.
A Study on the Emotional Characteristic of Traditional Space through Borrowed Landscape
Oh, Young-Keun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 78~85
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.078
This study employed the Semantic Differential(SD) technique for an empirical analysis of the borrowed landscape-the so-called interaction of landscape between space and nature-in traditional Korean space against the cultural backdrop of confucian ideology. Its findings are as follows: First, the study conducted a comparative analysis of the borrowed landscape between Sarangchae(Men`s quarters) and Anchae(Women`s quarters) and between Soteuldaemun(A lofty gate) and Sadangdaemun(A gate to an ancestral shrine), using the SD technique. Consequently, their marked distinction in the borrowed landscape were found to illustrate the influence of confucian ideology over spatial composition. Second, both the garden and the sky of Sarangchae appeared more open and dynamic, and soft, and comfortable, and warm compared to Anchae. Also, Soteuldaemun looked more open and dynamic than Sadangdaemun. In conclusion, traditional Korean space applies a monistic view of the world to nature and human beings, thereby embodying a philosophical and aesthetic space where humans enjoy their life in harmony with nature while playing with the landscape in a traditional space.
A Study on the Characteristics and Improvement Plans of Illuminance, Color Temperature, and Luminous Sources of Contemporary Korean Protestant Church - Focusing on the Churches Constructed in Seoul Since 2010 -
Jun, Ye-Jin ; CHoi, Sang-Hun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 86~93
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.086
Illumination in church building has played an important role in making workship space more suitable for divine service. As time has changed, however, the worship space of Protestantism is no longer somber and reverent, but changing into practical and multipurpose space with bright and colorful image. This study investigates intensity of illumination of worship space during day and night respectively and figures out the change of psychological change of congregation in accordance with brightness and color temperature in worship space in order to find out preference and look into the usage and change of illumination in recent Protestantism in compliance with the needs of the time and influence. Then, result value is to be compared to Korean Standard intensity of illumination. Also, the correlation between intensity of illumination and color temperature by Kruithof`s curve theory is used to identify the comfortableness of the worship space during day and nigh. And it is a common task of space designers and pastors to map out the worship space in terms of illumination suitable for its own purpose with even more modern and Korean sensibility and to create spiritual space for worshippers by collecting opinions from congregation, the main user of the space. With appropriate usage of illumination in Protestantism worship space, the atmosphere and purpose of worship can be enhanced.
A Study on the Windows and Doors of Traditional Houses in Jecheon
Lee, Wan-Geon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 94~103
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.094
This study investigated the windows and doors of traditional houses in Jecheon, designated as a cultural assets in Chungcheongbuk-do. It aimed to contribute to the study of korean traditional architecture by finding the characteristics of windows and doors, and to the preservation and reuse policy of local cultural assets. This study was conducted using the research methods of the literature and field survey, and it was to analyze and to compare the existing data and a current status. The result are as followings. Firstly, the windows and doors of kitchen in An-chae were generally installed double swinging type with wooden board door(板張門). Secondly, the windows and doors of An-bang were generally installed double swinging type with slender-ribbed windows and doors(細箭窓戶), were mostly installed Merum(遠音). Thirdly, the windows and doors of Daechung(大廳) towards the backyard were generally installed double swinging type with wooden board door, corrugated cardboard door(骨板門) and slender-ribbed windows. Lastly, the windows and doors of Sarang-bang in a house of nobility(班家) was installed triple windows and doors.
Analysis of Trends in Housing Culture Until the Recent Year Since 1980s - Focused on the keywords of previous researches -
Kim, Young-Joo ; Lee, Soo-Min ; Kim, Eun-Bin ; Park, Soo-Yeon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 104~112
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.104
Housing culture can be defined as a subculture that characterizes a society, a region, and a time period. Therefore, identifying the housing needs of people is an effective way of understanding the housing culture. The purpose of this study was to identify the research trend of housing culture since 1980s until the recent year based on the keywords of previous literature. Seventy-one research articles were analyzed using content analysis as a research method and analysis framework which was composed of 4 aspects - physical, social, psychological, and living/welfare - was drawn for further analysis. As a main result, housing needs in social and living/welfare aspect were increasing as time passes. In general, researches related to physical aspect showed the highest ratio among 4 aspects. Specifically, research interests in community and social relationship among neighbors, natural environment, and housing welfare has remarkably increased since 2000s. The findings of this study showed that the housing culture is the comprehensive result or the process reflecting the needs and context in political, social, and economical background of those days.
Emotional Evaluation of Adolescents for Learning Spaces Design in Apartment Complex Community Facilities
Hwang, Yeon-Sook ; Jung, Hyun-Won ; Son, Yeo-Rym ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 113~120
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.113
This study aims to determine adolescents` emotional response and preferences for varying interior designs of learning spaces available at community facilities in apartment across Seoul. In particular, the subjects have been fragmented by gender and age for comparative analysis of emotional responses across different demographics of adolescents. A survey on the preferred designs of learning spaces in community facilities revealed that `elegant,` `cheerful,` and `temperate` are the three main emotional words selected for image tool development. Emotional assessment verified the validity of these terms. Between the two genders, adolescent males preferred `temperate` images more while adolescent females preferred `cheerful.` In terms of the design of learning space, adolescent females deemed the interior atmosphere and area space to be the most important factors, while adolescent males pointed to the color of furniture and lighting to be the most important. Such results imply that there is a clear difference of emotional response between adolescent males and females. The results also imply that different atmospheres and design priorities must be considered when designing gender-specific spaces.
A Study on the Circular Multi-Family Housing for Designing Local Identity
Moon, Eun-Mi ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 121~129
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.121
This study was aimed at determining the characteristics of circular multi-family housing under the assumption that the shape of a residential building affects local identity. A total of six case studies were included in this study, three case studies on idle historical industrial facilities turned into residential buildings and another three on multi-family housing located in newly developed residential complexes. The study drew its conclusions as follows. First, the design of circular multi-family housing was intended to maximize security and defense from the outside in older times. This was later developed as the terrace house style with geometric urban squares designed under the urban planning of the Baroque period. This evolved high-density housing with a courtyard in the center offering a green open space, with the aim of restoring a sense of humanity. Second, the six case studies on circular multi-family housing were analyzed from the viewpoint of each factor of local identity, including historical and cultural, landscape, and community. Third, the historical and cultural elements of circular multi-family housing are found in some unused historical industrial facilities remodeled into residential buildings. They provide new capabilities and shapes desired by society at a given time, while maintaining familiar styles and elements of history, integrating a legacy of the past into the present. Fourth, circular multi-family housing with unique shapes and structures often become landmarks of a region with their distinctive appearance against a uniform urban environment and the monotonous scenery of residential complexes. They also show a high level of visual awareness with the distinctive shapes made possible when new elements are added to a historical exterior. Finally, circular multi-family housing with courtyards in the center prompt social contact between inhabitants, especially with dormitories and rental houses for the low-income bracket, which provide a small individual units with high use common space. Circular multi-family housing are planned in a manner similar to a small village or a city. They are designed to enhance sense of community, allocating various public amenities and provide cultural and commercial spaces on the ground floor and courtyard areas.
A Study on Characterization of Apartment Complex Exterior Space by Purpose and Type - On Matters of Apartment Complexes Built·Redeveloped Since Year 2005 in Seoul -
Yi, Young-Ran ; Chu, Beom ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 130~140
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.130
As the modern-day Apartment Complex has varied community facilities such as health care center and self-improvement institutions affecting the residents` quality of life, this paper is for the in-depth understanding on how such Exterior Space vary and development plan should go. To be specific, this paper is to, based upon the theoretical contemplation on the concept and role of the Exterior Space to Apartment Complex, as well as drawing a conclusion on the development plan for subject areas as assessed. Subject areas of this paper are a total of twelve Apartment Complexes built since Year 2005 in nine different regions in Seoul. As such specialties and features as leisure of the senior citizen and female residents, the subject Apartment Complexes have provided opportunities, active and inactive, to the residents for leisure by qualitative improvement of facilities, as well as establishing the discrete brand value for the Exterior Space with featured design and spatial properties. Also notable is the eco-friendliness of the Exterior Space with cutting-edge technology, eventually appreciating the value of Apartment Complex.
A Study on the Eco-friendly Planning Methods in Korean Apartment Houses - Focusing on the public sector housing in the Metropolitan Area in the 2000s -
Kim, Yong Kuk ; Seo, Kyung Wook ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 141~148
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.141
This study aims to investigate the eco-friendly planning methods for a sustainable apartment houses in the Metropolitan area of Seoul. Eco-friendly plans that considers the environmental issues were attempted from the beginning of 2000s, and since then, many apartment houses in Korea were built using this concept. They were, however, generally focusing on the physical and spatial aspects of the site plan. After the Seoul C40 weather summit conference in 2009, the low carbon green housing standard has been emphasized and thus the chemical concept was added to the existing physical planning methods. Under such a background, this study intends to investigate the eco-friendly plans for the apartment houses in the 2000s. This includes an ecological network plan, an ecological base plan, a building greening plan, a water treatment plan, and an energy saving plan. Based on the analysis and synthesis of these planning methods in the early 21st century, it would be possible to set up a proper future plan to enhance the sustainable built environment in the housing industry in the coming years.
A Study on the Characteristics of Representation on `The new hierarchy` that Appear in the SANAA`s Space Configuration of Museum
Shin, Somyung ; Yoon, Sang-Young ; Yoon, Jae-Eun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 149~157
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.149
As a period of pluralism, today`s museum architecture has been expanding social and cultural meaning. So, Various expressions are appearing in museum architecture. Accordingly, the museum must be very reproducible and comply with aesthetic requirements. At the same time, museum construction in urban design and features must satisfy professional requirements. SANAA is one of contemporary architects has been decisively deleted existing fixed and functional layout type of program through `The new hierarchy`. Thus, the experience of the space will vary. Now, museum space is urgently needed than ever before crustal movements. Thus, this study aims to contribute an alternative to the museum space configuration according to the trend of the times through `The new hierarchy` of SANAA. This paper is limited to the cases of the SANAA`s museum architecture. We analyze the characteristics of representation on `The new hierarchy` appear in the museum space configuration and then, examine the value of the spatial. SANAA`s `New Hierarchy` is going to set the cognitive boundary by expression targeting plane and the surface. It is completely different than the previous boundaries. Characteristics of the expression represents non-centrality, decentrally, non-oriented, uncertainty, non-territorialization, uniformity. It is steady that identity of Space, Human, Environment in Museum. They have a relationship each concept of Independence, autonomy, equality.
A Study on the Behavioral Affordance of Healing Environment and Concept of Sustainability - Focused on the Eco-Friendly Low-Rise Medical Facilities -
Chun, Jong-Woo ; Kim, Kwang-Ho ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 158~166
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.158
The purpose of this study is to suggest a direction for eco-friendly healing space design for healthcare facilities in the future. Theoretical review and case study on the concept of sustainable design, spatial expression and behavioral affordance were used as research method. Through these reviews, the 3 elements of the total healing environment -physical, psychological and social- have correspondence with elements of spatial expression; Refuge, Flow, Prospect and Void. And these are related to the eight kinds of Behavioral affordance which are subdivided into WORK&STUDY, REST, CIRCULATION, VISUAL SEQUENCE, SOCIAL EXCHANGE, REFRESHMENT, COMMUNITY and MEDITATION. And the concept of sustainable design consists of 6 principles ; Natural system, People, Place, The cycle of life, Energy & natural resources and Process. Through correlation analysis of behavioral affordance and 6 principles, the result of this study presents that the physical elements of the total healing space was mainly associated with the principles of people, place and the cycle of life. Psychological element was related to principle of natural system, human, place and process. And social element was associated with the principles of human, place and process. According to this analysis, the case study of four low-rise eco-friendly medical facilities was undertaken. Sustainability was evaluated in total healing environmental through this case study.
Visual Performance Evaluation Study of Wayfinding Factors in Subway Transfer Station - Focus on the Sadang Subway Station, Seoul Subway Station, Jongro3-ga Subway Station and Gongduck Subway Station -
Song, Hyeon-Ji ; Kim, Nam-Hyo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 167~177
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.4.167
The environmental considerations should be taken into full consideration in order to make the use of ground space as comfort and efficient as that of ground space. The visual environmental factors which provide visual informations in underground spaces where the environmental information can be acquired only by the surroundings expand their role as affordance for wayfinding. This study focuses on the visual performance evaluation of wayfinding factors on the subway transfer station platform and aisle as major space for movement in four subway transfe stations and analyzes the material, pattern, color, and lighting provided by the visual environment in underground space as directional marked label, regional differentiation and sign system. The results of this study comes are as follows. First, As to the directional marked label at the subway platform and transfer aisle, following patterns are colors, finishing materials and lighting for the sake of safety and convenience, And regional differentiation, following colors are patterns for the space division. Finally sign system which practically provides the most information, however, it is most insufficient to be a space-preception element. Second, According to the type of platform structures, such as an island platform and a separate platform, the main areas of and necessity for the space-perception elements may bring about changes. Third, these four stations that has been analyzed for this study, lighting, compared with color, finishing material and pattern, has been highly insufficient to be a perception element.