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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Interior Design
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Baby Boomers' Residential Life Images and Supportive Service Needs at Post-retirement Homes - With a Focus on Korean-American Immigrants -
Kim, Mi-Hee ; Kim, Suk-Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.003
The principle of aging-in-place should be fundamental in designing post-retirement homes to support baby boomers' healthy aging in their current living conditions. This study investigated Korean-American baby boomers' opinions about their life images in their post-retirement homes and the needs for supportive services therein. A questionnaire survey was conducted, and a total of 247 responses were used for statistical analyses. As the most important life image for their post-retirement homes, baby boomers emphasized the living environments offering various recreational activities. They indicated the post-retirement homes close to their children or family members as the next important life image. These opinions differed depending on their socioeconomic characteristics. In particular, baby boomers with higher-income preferred housing environments offering diverse recreational activities while those with lower-income preferred the housing close to more employment opportunities. In terms of supportive services available in the post-retirement homes, they wanted 'healthcare assistance services' and 'diverse recreational programs.' Gender, educational attainment, and annual income affected their preferences in these services, though. Based on the findings, this study concluded that post-retirement housing environments should create spaces to accommodate various recreational activities and include places for them to work in near-home environments. In the community, various need-based customized recreational activities and educational programs should be planned considering different socioeconomic characteristics of baby boomers. All these considerations will provide supportive residential environments for their successful aging in place.
A Study on the Synesthesia according to place and materials - Focused on the Peter Zumthor's works -
Koo, Man-Jae ; Lee, Jung-Wook ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 11~21
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.011
The development of modern industry and the production of new materials of architecture have recognized as an important aspect. This study intended to discuss about the meaning of main elements of the architecture materials, its implications for properties, and, highlighted meaning of the properties of modern interior design. The purpose of this study is to analyze the case studies of Place and Physical materials of synaesthesia of modern architecture as well as modern architecture is not only concentrated in the visual aspect but also the larger ramifications of sensory. Synesthesia in architectural space can be called experiential existence that built in the space of human perception and based on the human emotion that targeted by physical architectural space. Accordingly, these case studies are to consider about how the materials being passed by any effect in a modern interior space presented, In order to find the essential meaning in modern interior space, this studies focused on Swiss architect Peter Zumthor's cases. Following analyze of Peter Zumthor's place of architectural space and materials, this study structured by the six kinds of synesthesia characters. First, time and remember to infer changes, Second, traditional and regional ingredients involve the substitution of one empirical space, Third, non-materiality through the neutralization, Fourth, auditory memory through the embodiment of everydayness, Fifth, trail through the sense of smell for the presence, Sixth, the relationship of natural and industrial products. Peter Zumthor's characteristics of these works are result of factors on the synesthetic relationship with the human response to architecture, the five senses, memories, experiences, and temperature. Also it is a synesthetic result of all human emotion to clarify of the architecture materials and non-material mediums by which light by a compound.
History museum exhibit exhibits behavior analysis based on the analysis and satisfaction - With Permanent Exhibition Hall of The National Museum of Korean Contemporary History -
Lee, So-Young ; Byun, Dae-Joong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 22~32
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.022
Today, the museum historical material and mental, physical culture and heritage to preserve the collection and exhibition organization rather than to recognize that culture acts as a community to respond to the subject of the attitude and the ability jeokgeukhwa also due to the trend of the times due to changes in lifestyle education and research, and public participation in culture by expanding the role of dissemination activities are becoming. Museum exhibit these changes as part of a combination of various technologies in the coexistence of digital and analog display direction proactive and aggressive behavior, such as visitors expect to have an evaluation of the public and communicate the expectations of the plan in the exhibition space, the larger the effect can feel. This effective display for visitors to watch the way for a systematic approach to provide direction to the urgent reality. Museum visitors experienced officials to improve the quality of research in a variety of ways spectators began to try and move the action was to put the attention on the characteristics. Visitors to visit the Museum of History and ages, categorized by the type of display any difference in the behavior of the visitor experience and attributes based on what is being investigated for the History Museum's exhibition of any exhibit to visitors that experience and is to an analysis.
Evaluation and Needs of the Elderly for Spatial Characteristics of Senior Centers in Apartment Complex
Kim, Sun-Young ; Oh, Chan-Ohk ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 33~41
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.033
It is not surprising that senior centers are widely used nationwide as Korea becomes an aging society. This study attempts to figure out senior citizens' needs and evaluations of senior centers in terms of characteristics of their usage and spatial composition. A face to face interview using a questionnaire was conducted on 255 senior citizens who has been using senior centers located in Jangyu new city apartment housing complex. The questionnaire is composed of questions asking characteristics of their usage, evaluations of spatial composition, and respondents' demographic data. Findings are: First, it is found that many respondents visit senior centers everyday and spend 4 to 6 hours a day. Their main activities are meeting friends, taking hobbies, and dining. That is, senior centers play a pivotal role in daily lives of senior citizens. Such characteristics should be taken into account in space design when planning to build a future senior center; Second, it is found that senior centers play a role of auxiliary space for building their sense of belonging and familarity. It is found that furnitures in senior centers are worn out and safety measures are not sufficiently considered; Third, it is found that they highly evaluate flexible spacial composition that could be partitioned or extended depending on occasions even though they prefer independent space; Fourth, it is found that kitchen facilities are not large enough considering the fact that more that half of the respondents have their lunches in senior centers. Even though they do not cook for themselves kitchen space should be large enough for preparing meals simultaneously for a large number people.
A Study about Interior Design Characteristics of Korean Restaurants - Focusing on Seoul and New York Modernized Upscale Korean Restaurants -
Kim, Youn-A ; Shin, Kyung-Joo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 42~50
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.042
The upscale Korean restaurants that appeared as a way for the globalization of Korean food by introducing Western modern elements into Korean traditional elements are presenting a new direction. For this study, the researcher visited a total of ten modernized upscale Korean restaurants including five ones in each of Seoul (Dadam, Bistro Seoul, Bicena, Today, and Poom Seoul) and New York (Gaonnuri, Danji, Ban, Jung Restaurant, Korea Spoon), where the globalization of Korean food is concentrated, and the results of comparing, investigating, and analyzing the characteristics of interior and spatial design through observation, photo taking, sketches and preparing a questionnaire were as follows. First, a modernized upscale Korean restaurant was first built in New York in 2011, and then also appeared in Seoul in 2012. The Korean restaurants in New York were mostly operated by individual person, while the Korean restaurants in Seoul were operated by large corporation. Second, the spatial configuration elements were classified into the reception, garden and rooms in Seoul and into the reception, bar hall and rooms in New York depending on the function of the interior space, showing differences in the spatial configuration elements of the garden and bar. There was a difference in spatial layout; the restaurants in Seoul were room-centered, while the ones in New York were hall-centered. Third, in terms of spatial design elements, the size of the space and furniture in the reception space of the Korean restaurants in New York were smaller as compare to those in Seoul, while the restaurants in New York represented Korean atmosphere by decorating many Korean traditional elements. The Korean restaurants in New York gave consistency to the design of the hall space as compared to the restaurants in Seoul by decorating interior decorative accessories associated with the restaurant name. The Korean restaurants in Seoul decorated room space by using more traditional elements as compared to the restaurants in New York. Fourth, in terms of food design elements, the restaurants in Seoul are characterized by the introduction of Western services and table setting, while the restaurants in New York sought originality that applied foreign ways as compared to the restaurants in Seoul. The results of this study can be used as useful basic data when setting the interior spatial design guidelines for the modernized upscale Korean restaurants that advance into the world beyond Seoul and New York, and it is expected that in-depth follow-up studies would be conducted in various cities beyond Seoul and New York where there are modernized upscale Korean restaurants based on the results of this study.
A Case Analysis Utilization of Historical Buildings - Focused on Conversion-type Buildings -
Park, Jong-Hye ; Shin, Kyung-Joo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 51~59
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.051
This study aimed to present the possibilities that a variety of conversions can be made in terms of the spatial function through the situation analysis and in-depth case studies, focusing on the cases of the conversion of historic buildings. Literature analysis and case analysis technique were conducted as the research methods. For the literature analysis, the researcher selected 105 cases of conversion-type buildings by recombining and reanalyzing them to space functional changes; the SPSS PC+ 18.0 program was used as the analysis tool to conduct a frequency analysis and cross analysis. In-depth analysis was conducted to investigate the overview of the architecture, building history, spatial functional changes, space program, conservation value, and the conserved parts by selecting 9 cases in Korean and foreign countries that have been recently converted through literature analysis and the results of the study were as follows. 1) As a result of analyzing the changes in function, the highest percentage of the cases was conversion into the cultural function (63.8%). 2) There were cases for conversion into the commercial function, business function, accommodation function and educational function besides cultural function. 3) As a result of spatial program, the attempts to increase the utilization of the building generally by applying the complex space with more than two functions could be seen. 4) The buildings with historical and architectural value were conserved most of the outer wall and some portion of internal parts; the buildings with symbolic value were renovated largely, while preserving symbolic parts; and the buildings with practical value were renovated in a way that maintains the structural parts while changing the interior space to be suitable for their function.
Preference for accessible design features for the elderly housing with its cost information
Lee, So-Young ; Yoo, Sung-Eun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 60~67
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.060
Preference studies regarding the elderly housing have been conducted to find out design features in specific needs of certain elderly groups with their various demographic characteristics. The purpose of this study was to investigate preference for accessible design features for the elderly and find out the differences in preference whether the cost information was given or not. Contrast to the previous studies, we suggested some alternatives to fulfill the accessible goals. Preference for each option was investigated and differences in preference with its cost information was also investigated. The total of 700 questionnaires were collected and analyzed using SPSS 18.0. As a result, to remove the level differences, respondents prefer installation of trench to installation of deck or ramp. When people received the cost information, the proportion of selection for each option has slightly changed. The findings of the study suggest that cost information is an important factor for choosing the option for removal of level difference, installation of sink design and holding bars, and installation of elevator. Regardless of age, the respondents prefer sliding door option (its cost is equal to the other option), one of the door option for bath room. It may be due to the relative small area for its installation. It was found that when people recognized the importance of the accessible design features higher, they are ore likely to pay for the option even though its cost is higher. The higher people evaluate the importance of accessible design features, the more they can pay for the option. In general, for the preference of alternatives, there are significant differences between the elderly and the younger.
A Study on the Spatial Presentation Strategies for Cafe as 'The Third Space' - Focused on the cafes located in regions where 'Street culture' was formed -
Moon, Geun-Yi ; Lyu, Ho-Chang ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 68~77
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.068
'The Third space,' which is the concept that embraces sociological, spatial, and marketing concepts, refers to the place which is other than the home and the workplace and which is a comfortable frequented place where meditation, psychological relaxation, and social needs can be satisfied. 'The Third space' has the characteristics of comfort, openness, interactivity, playfulness, and diversity. In modern times, most of consumption spaces play the role of 'the Third space,' and the typical example is
began from its origin with the characteristics of 'the Third space,' and recently it has become the complex cultural space of urban dwellers.
as 'the Third space' has the characteristics of a healing space, communication space, personalized space, value-expressive space, culture and consumption space, nomad space. Such characteristics of
are well represented in the cafes around the regions where 'street culture' has recently been formed. As examined through the examples,
as 'the Third space' can be more strategically produced by establishing themes through storytelling, giving spatial identity through style creation, diversifying the sequence through complex space organization, and establishing interaction devices through experience elements.
A Study on the Civic Consciousness for Preservation and Reuse of Architectural Heritage in Jecheon
Lee, Wan-Geon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 78~87
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.078
This study is targeted at the people who live in Jecheon. It investigated the general term concerning the preservation and reuse of architectural heritage, the awareness of local architectural heritage, and the civic consciousness about the relationship between architectural heritage and townscape. And, it is aimed to be used as a basic data for the preservation and reuse of architectural heritage and townscape in Jecheon. This study was conducted using the survey and the statistical analysis. The result are as followings. Firstly, when the policy related to the preservation and reuse of architectural heritage in Jecheon is to be made and proceeded, it should actively promote and reflect the views of the citizens. Secondly, it should be to develop the available utilization programs and to find the method to increase the accessibility of architectural heritage. Thirdly, it should be considered the method which can give the economic benefits to owners and the enjoyment of culture to the citizens. Lastly, the long term plan will be required for a distinctive townscape in Jecheon. And, when modern architecture adjacent to the architectural heritage is built, we should be considered the design which can be expressed the historicity of architectural heritage.
A Study on the Steven Holl's Phenomenological Approaches in Architecture - Focused on the Phenomenological Characteristics of Nelson-Atkins Art Museum -
Kim, Jun-Sung ; Chung, Tae-Yong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 88~95
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.088
The purpose of this study is to analyze the phenomenological approaches in Holl's architecture centered on his Nelson-Atkins Art Museum. This study mainly deals with concrete and practical architectural contents based on his recent works rather than existing studies about philosophical point of views to his architecture. Because Holl has had turning point from theoretical research to practical application and development stage. Therefore, this study aims to find out Holl's phenomenological approaches that were different from his early works. Nelson-Atkins art museum shows effect of luminosity as well as inflow of light in the phenomenological experiences of light and space. Holl gave new addition building that he designed contrasts of massing, transparency of material, colors to enhance existence of new building through phenomenological experiences. Narrow and long circulation and various focal points provide multi-view points and overlapped spaces in body experiences As a result, Holl shows shifts from theoretical application to architectural utilization. Nelson-Atkins art museum is important in that this project is one of stating points about this shift.
A Study on the Embodiment Characteristics of Space Branding for Brand Extension - Focused on the case study of hotels designed for brand extension -
Kim, Ji-Young ; Lyu, Ho-Chang ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 96~105
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.096
Branding is a process of building the relationship between a brand and consumers. This process can also happen in a space that reflects brand characteristics, and this kind of branding is called space branding. This way can strengthen a brand image by delivering its profound impressions with synesthetic experiential services for consumers. In terms of brand extension, particularly, it is possible by space branding to apply the image and value of the parent brand to spatial design so as to expect the direct effect of experiential brand recognition. As a result of case analysis for space branding - the scope of which was limited to hotels - specific ways of embodying a brand into space were largely classified into three types: the first is the 'embodiment of visual elements' that directly embodies a brand's logos, colors, forms, and textures into space; the second is the 'experience of brand content' that mainly adopts the way of giving impressions with events or customer services, or of inducing direct experiences combined with exhibition function; and the third is the 'symbolic expression of brand characteristics' that indirectly expresses the strong concept or image of a brand - a type in contrast to the first direct type. These ways of space branding change the general abstract feeling of a brand's qualities into specific spatial experiences, thus now settling as one of the ways of marketing that are direct, strongly sustainable, and the most effective.
A Study on Non-Representational Characteristics that Appears in the Design of Gaetano Pesce
Park, So-La ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 106~113
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.106
Since the 1960's, diverse movements that oppose the uniform design tendency of modernism appears in Italy. Especially, Gaetano Pesce, who opposed uniformity and standardization that are based on mass production system, had interests in making unique product, not an identical product, while accepting modern production technology. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to comprehend Pesce's design, which creates diversity by arranging contingent, non-predictive, and episodic aspects in creative and acceptance processes according to the intension of the designer within mass production system, as a non-representational characteristic, which appears widely in modern thought and the arts, and examine how it is materialized in detailed design work. The study methods are first examining non-representation with theoretical contemplation and dealing with the design philosophy of Pesce based on the examination. Next, in order to discover non-representational characteristics that appear in the work of Pesce, it examines from introducing worker's creativity, user's possibility of choice, openness in the working process, and the aspects of researching materials. And a specific application method will be drawn through case analysis centered on furniture design. Gaetano Pesce's design that denies the world of representation based on the sameness comes to possess non-representational characteristics that acknowledge contingency and ceaselessly create difference by intentionally arranging during the working process.
A Study on the Expressional Characteristics and Kengo Kuma's Structure of Architectural Thinking as the Dynamic Criticism
Kim, Yun-Jung ; Park, Chan-Il ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 114~125
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.114
Kengo Kuma used to be very known well as a critic before being an architect. He usually mentioned quite unique type of comments for subjects whenever his criticism, also even his works results have been able to be targets of criticism materials by his method. His works are the achievements of challenges based on his continuous dynamic criticism. Hence, to have well understanding of his architectural thinking and works result, his complexes criticism structure must be needed to understand. And also, this study is using 'KJ Method' type to analyze his architectural thinking which is complicated making by a type of non-linear. Kengo Kuma's structures of architectural thinking and critiques perspective of modern architecture have been created by 'KJ Method'. Critiques types of keywords and consequences words collected from among the local dedicated professional architecture books to get this research result. First of all, Kengo Kuma desired even modern architecture problems to be melt as a specific architecture result such as modern type of power structure. To have result, Kengo Kuma had experienced sensible activity through materials which have specific characteristic. Also place of materiality created to get relationship between environments and architecture. Secondly, he wanted to recover troubled traditional Japanese architectural perspective which blocked relationship by dichotomy as a right way. In conclusion, this research reaches Kengo Kuma's type of architecture which strongly emphasizes harmony among related components such as human being, materials, substances based on accepted natural environments and lives' principle. Also, much more specific methods have been derived by related works results analyzing which have similar characteristic as Kengo Kuma's one.
A Study on the Sustainable Values of Regionality shown in Contemporary Architecture - Focusing on Alvar Aalto's Architecture -
Kim, Seyoung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 126~134
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.126
The purpose of this study is to recover historically disconnected regionality and to propose the meaning of regionality in the contemporary architecture. Plus, it is to analyze the expression elements of the regionality and to propose the regionality's sustainable value shown in the contemporary architecture. Range of research methods is as follows. First, it reviews and prospects for Research on the meaning of regionality. Second, it looks at the three different points of view; traditional, Regional, and cultural perspective on Regionality. Also, it extracts the elements of the expression, centered on regionalism projects shown in the modern architecture. Third, it studys the sustainability's meaning and the sustainable value appeared in the contemporary architecture. Fourth, it analysis case studies and the value regarding the application of critical regionalism, focusing on the work of Alvar Aalto architecture. In addition, it proposes the sustainable value regarding the expression centered on regionalism projects This study appears to present the meaning of regionality in the contemporary architecture, in order to recover historically disconnected regionality. In particular, the expression of regionality shown in the Alvar Aalto's architecture is made on the basis of local traditions, society and culture. And, Building forms and building materials to adapt to climate was provided as a unified relationship. This study looks forward to help seeking the various proposals and guide for the applicability and the sustainabe development of the regionality in the contemporary architecture.
A Study on the Phenomenological Space Characteristic that Appears on Gangneung Seongyojang - Focusing on Phenomenological Space Theory by Maurice Merleau-Ponty -
You, Sun-Mi ; Kim, Young-Won ; Suh, Swoo-Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 135~142
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.135
This research regards that experiencing certain space according to looking through sensations of body will finally make visual perceptional experience to happen. Our bodies incorporate sensible experience along with interactions with surrounding environment while making movements. The analysis of Seongyojang in Gangleung through top and bottom, depth, movement and experience space which are Merleau Ponty's phenomenological space elements has led to the following conclusions. First, the up and down directivity inherent in Seongyojang has different directions in movements by the axis of plane. Second, the depth by the correlation between things and bodies shows the interactions with things and the depth of space rendered by the servants' quarters of '一字形' and the overlapping effect from the movement between buildings can be seen and felt. Third, mobility is focused on the surroundings for the movements of body and thing. Fourth, the experienced space remains as what it is and is experienced through the experience of traditional cultures. The temporality where the past and the present subsist is given with the application of the modern living pattern in the traditional space. That is, the space from the point of phenomenological view makes the visual-perceptual experience possible through the senses of body, with which the space is experienced and sensed. In other words, the space from the phenomenological viewpoint makes visual-perceptual experience possible through the senses of body so that the space may be experienced and perceived. Through this study, a new viewpoint toward Korean traditional space is expected to be discovered.
A Study on Spatial Perceptions and Behaviors through the Perception Phenomenon of the User - The Relationship between Spatial Perception and User Behavior -
Kim, Ga-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 143~151
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.143
As we recognize the space, humans will experience a process to synthesize elements of cognitive various methods, come to understand the environment. It is intended that on humans to recognize the space, it is intended to act directly under study how to recognize. Humans can know that the determining action based on the values and physical condition, based on the space in which they have been recognized, there are differences in the behavior of the human as a result. Social and arrangement of components - physical region that is cultural difficulties constitute experience specific areas therein. Space for human activities and human, can know that it is not a memory of human behavior, to have a closer relationship with human perception. That is, the description will be aware of the space via the perceptual phenomenon of man due to physical elements performed in the space, what acts about what happens. Through an understanding of the potential for this, and emotion space production consisting only of physical visual element future, and use act of the area to be expressed from his recognition, through the expansion of the perceptual elements, diverse experience richer and more it is a case where deemed necessary access space configuration capable of a broad depth study of this portion is happening, in order to constitute a space, a new interpretation for human behavior is progressing.
A Study on Observation Characteristics by Sex shown in the process of Visual Appreciation of Space
Kim, Jong-Ha ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 152~161
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.152
This study is about the visual appreciation by sex with the analysis of time range of observing data which was got through observation experiment with the space of lobby in hospitals. The observation data of the subjects who observed the space include the frequency and time, through which the process of visual appreciation could be evaluated with the definition of the frequency and the time of observation. First, the fact that men had higher frequency of observation than women means the former had more movement than the latter, and another fact of their fewer times can be understood as the time of their staying was shorter. That is, even though the men had more movements of sight, they showed the feature of staying shorter. Second, the rate high and low of observation frequency and times made it possible for observation characteristics to be defined as 'intensive search' 'active search' 'fixed concentration' and 'search wandering.' The definition of understanding this process of visual appreciation can be available for a frame of effective analysis of observation characteristics according to the passage of time. Third, the intense search is the case of 'high frequency' having the feature of high visual appreciation owing to the active visual actions for acquiring information. Men were found to have more intense search which decreased gradually as time passed, while women showed the feature of many times of intense search. Fourth, it was found that with many observation data in a certain range of time the subjects had fixed concentration, where women were found to have repetitive fixed concentration along with the change of observation time while men were seen to have more observation tendency for fixed concentration. Fifth, at the cross tabulation of frequency and times, men had the feature of dispersed visual appreciation while women had more distinction between fixation and movement, which revealed that there is surely the difference between men and women in the process of visual appreciation.
A Study on the Sensibility Characteristics in Haptic Space
Seo, Bo-Ram ; Oh, Young-Keun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 162~170
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.162
Although vision has been considered as a top sensory organ in the Western culture until modern times, the significance of space experience that communicates with a body via complex perceptions has recently garnered attention. This study criticizes the limitations of a vision-centered space and has the goal of empirically examining the sensibility characteristics in a haptic space through post-structuralism views leading up to Gilles Deleuze's philosophical ideas. This study will explore the flow of senses from the philosophical and artistic standpoint and the sensibility characteristics in a haptic space by examining the theories on haptic perceptions in connection with a space. In order to test the existing theories and identify the differences in sensibilities depending on perceptual method, the sensibilities of participants were compared using SD method (Semantic Differential scale method) and a validity test was conducted using a statistical program SPSS. The research has revealed that the average sensitivity scale of complex haptic perception was higher than single perception that only relies on vision. In addition, there was a correlation between perceptual method based on various sensory organs and human sensitivities. This study is meaningful in that it can serve a foundation for empirical research on sensibility, since it has reexamined the relationship between space and participants and demonstrated and analyzed their sensitivities through an experiment.
An Analysis of Youth EEG based on the Emotional Color Scheme Images by Different Space of Community Facilities
Hwang, Yeon-Sook ; Kim, Sun-Young ; Kim, Ju-Yeon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 171~178
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.171
In this study, we sought to find out the effect of different emotional interior images of the community facilities in an apartment complex on a youth brain wave by analyzing an Electroencephalograph (EEG). Based on the frequency of usage, we selected learning facilities, cultural facilities, and sport facilities. For brain stimulation, the visual stimulants with three different emotional words, cheerful, gentle, and elegant, were used based on I.R.I image scale. Overall, total nine different emotional images were used. Based on our findings, we conclude that: first, in order to improve learning concentration of the youth, a learning facility for the youth needs to be designed by skillfully combining the soft and comfortable colors from the gentle image and the murky and dark colors from the elegant image. Second, when designing a cultural facility, it is preferable to consider the elegant image for a calm and comfortable space. Third, a sport facility design needs to preclude dark colors and apply light colors to create a dynamic and lively space. Furthermore, we found out that the youth has established static images of each functionally different facility through their experience and learning. Therefore, it is imperative to plan community facilities in an apartment complex in a way to connect the space function with the emotional characteristics of the youth in order to support and encourage energetic activities and learning of the community youth.
A Study on the Type and It's Characteristics of Tropical Space Style in Southeast Asia
Park, Woo Hee ; Oh, Hye Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 179~187
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.179
The purpose of this study was to explain the uniqueness of tropical space style by identifying it in Southeast Asia. For this purpose, literature review was examined from 26 specialized tropical space style books and categorized. Its results are expected to be used as reference materials in designing spaces related to Southeast Asia and for constructors planning to run their business in Southeast Asia or Korea. The results of categorization are as follows; 'Tropical Traditional', 'Tropical Colonial' and 'Tropical Modern'. First, in case of Tropical Traditional Style, the traditional styles are adopted in roof and some of traditional styles are adopted in walls, windows and doors. Second, in case of Tropical Colonial Style, Renaissance or neo-classical styles are adopted in most of columns, archs, windows and doors. The traditional styles are also blended. Third, in case of Tropical Modern Style, straight line designs are adopted dominantly. However, decorative objects of traditional style are used to catch eyes. In summary, traditional style are imbedded more or less in all of tropical style and particularly, decorative objects of traditional style are key elements representing tropical space.
A Study on Relations between Deterioration of Physical Functions due to Aging and Bathroom Design Guidelines for the Elderly
Lee, Yeun-Sook ; Lim, Hyun-Jin ; Lee, Ji-Hye ; Ahn, Chang-Houn ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 188~198
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.188
Advancement toward aging society has presented the importance of house planning in consideration of the elderly, increasing the necessity of such planning. Therefore the importance of indoor design guideline for elderly houses has been stressed and the understanding of the aging in regard to this trend will create more mature spaces. In line with this trend the purpose of this study is to study the medical factors related with bathroom interior design guidelines of the existing elderly houses from the viewpoint of deteriorating physical functions due to aging process. In order to research the deterioration of physical functions due to aging literatures of medical and exercise physiology were used and concerning the existing bathroom design guidelines for the aged people, the guideline items of behavior facilitation, physiological maintenance and perceptual maintenance aspects out of Murtha & Lee's user benefit criteria(1976) related with physical functions were selected to research in relation with the knowledge about the deterioration phenomena of physical functions. Physical aging and deterioration aspects were classified from the viewpoint of musculoskeletal disorder, cardiovascular disorder, respiratory disorder, gastronomy disorder, urology disorder, somatosensory disorder, endocrine disorder, immune disorder, nervous disorder and skin diseases and these were utilized in interpreting total 100 items of bathroom design guideline. Because bathroom is the space where many physical movements are done, it had the closest relationship with the deterioration of musculoskeletal health in general and as bathroom is the space where people use water and feel the difference in temperature and moisture more than other spaces, deterioration of skin and somatosensory health had the next closest relationship. The result of this study revealed that regarding the deterioration of physical functions of the elderly people in aspect of their perceptibility as designers will design creatively and sincerely based on its relationship with nervous system in future, the result of this study will be used to develop better spatial designs efficiently to meet for the aging society.
A Study on the Communication Relationship Structure and Expression Methods in Interior Design - Focused on the Practical design process of communication -
Seo, Ji-Hye ; Hong, Il-Tae ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 199~206
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.199
Design is one of diverse human communication activities. Development of technologies has led to execution of more active design communication functions, stirring social and cultural changes. The concept of design communication has become stronger by overcoming the limitations of verbal communication and expanding the methods of communication. These social changes are highlighted In the design of modern space. Even though communication in interior design activities is so important, detailed studies on communication of each entity are still very insufficient. Design communication refers to tools and activities for overall communications in the design process. In design activities, relevant communication is indispensible. Therefore, studies on practical communication methods are essential for accurate communication of content that has to be shared in the results or in the process of obtaining the results, rather than only focusing on the future techniques and functions of design. In other words, improving the efficiency of interior design communication requires establishing a communication relationship structure of each entity, which calls for proper expression methods depending on each entity. Therefore, this study is aimed at exploring efficient expression methods in line with the relationship structure of each entity in the interior design process.
Development of a Indoor LBS Application for Navigation - Focusing on Development for an IndoorGML Editor and Viewer -
Yoon, Seung-Hyun ; Choi, Jin-won ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 207~215
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.207
Due to an increase in the number of large-scale and high rise buildings, the importance of indoor location information has been highlighted. As a result, seamless three-dimensional space information, linked to various indoor and outdoor services is required. The purpose of this study is to develop a system which can edit and operate indoor space information using the IndoorGML(Geography Markup Language). It provides functions such as converting and editing authoring indoor space using the IndoorGML. Based on defined schema which is the IndoorGML international standardization work, we develop the "Editor" and "Viewer" for the IndoorGML. When indoor space is modeled in an authoring tool, a variety of topologies can be created automatically. These are available to be edited and modified. Moreover, the file of model can be saved as IndoorGML, SBM and KML file. These files are viewed by the "Viewer". Indoor LBS(Location Based Service)is served with these principles.
A Study on Using the Interior Finishing Material using Regulation at Multiple-using Businesses
Kim, Yong-Sung ; Cho, Sung-O ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 216~224
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.216
There are the relevant provisions that apply to building regulations about the Building codes, Fire Protection laws, and more Multi-using interior finish materials businesses etc. The differences between these regulations are as follows: The Building codes is defined the main use of the building according to facilities to used to set the scale by the use of the floor space, On the other hand, Fire Protection laws are the basic purpose and the act of using the architectural space(or sales) by separating object by fire. And Multiple-using Businesses Facilities consist of two regulations engaged in the kind of law and the size of the floor area. One building can not be based on operating facilities and together in Multiple use businesses Law. As such, the Buildings are applied to the Building codes, Fire Protection laws, such as Multi-using Businesses Facilities interior construction industry due to the structural differences in the position of the designer feeling a lot of difficulties and confusion. The Multi-use businesses Facilities engage in the kind of law, the size of the floor area and seating capacity. These can not be based on operating facilities, and consists of two regulations together in one building. This study is purposed to help improving the finish of the interior architecture that is related to the Building code regulations, Fire Protection laws, Multi-using Facilities interior finishing material relevant with the provisions from the law through analyze the case of developed countries, and the current Multiple use Businesses Facilities research range from the law of multiple-using facilities, interior finishing, interior architecture for supervision reasonably and compensation for the interior design. So, Result is as follows: First, interior decorations can be separated the fixed material and the moveable things. second, It should be included multi-using Business though small size business space at the basement floor. third, It should be established statute law that design and construction responsibility. forth, re-testing fire resist performance after some period. and finally, it need to mitigate regulation where be installed sprinkler.
A Study on the Characteristics of Male's and Female's Spatial Composition of the Upper Class Houses in Gyong-gi Province in the Late of the Chosun Dynasty
Park, Hyung-Jin ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 225~232
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.225
The spatial separation of male's and female's area due to the law of 'Naeoei' is one of the trademark features of residence by the building principle of 'Confucianism' in the upper class house in the late of the Chosun Dynasty. Thanks to modernized agriculture and commerce, the residence of 'Sinheung-Yangban' developed. And they were influenced by the economic and living characteristics than traditional custom. So the residence of 'Sinheung-Yangban' is very important in terms of the course of modernizing of the korean traditional residence. Researcher figures out the influences of the law of 'Naeoei' in residence and the characteristics of male's and female's field in terms of daily life with investigating the residence of 'Sinheung-Yangban' as the upper class house in the late of the Chosun Dynasty. Through this, the goal of this study is to find the properties of male's and female's field of upper class houses in the late of the Chosun Dynasty. With this study, the followings are the characteristics of male's and female's spatial composition of upper class houses in Gyong-gi Province in the late of the Chosun Dynasty. First, the traditional law of 'Naeoei' plays a primary role as the principle of building of upper class houses in Gyong-gi Province in the late of the Chosun Dynasty. With a natural result, there is a clear spatial separation as the male's and female's social role. Second, 'An-Chae' and 'Sarang-Chae' as male's and female's living space are separated physically, but real living life tends to be syntagmatically made with 'An-Madang' as the center. Third, spatial integration of 'An-Madang' as the center results in the development of architectural connection factors of 'An-Chae' and 'BaKat-Chae' adjoining 'An-Madang', facing 'Toei-Gan', 'Maru', and 'door'. Forth, the boundary of male's and female's areas is relatively clear between dwellers and visitors, but on the other hand, the separation of male's and female's spaces between family members has little significance.
A Study on Eco-friendly Indoor Space of Domestic Eco-certified (LEED)Building through the Cases Analysis & User's Satisfaction
Na, Min-Hee ; Han, Hae-Ryon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 233~240
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.233
The building construction sector has been blamed as the main culprit of environmental contamination worldwide. So, there shall be some constructive alternatives in architectural engineering. As one of the alternatives, the LEED ("Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design") has been introduced since 1990s and has been well recognized in saving the resources and energy. "LEED" has also been introduced in Korea since 2002 but it has not put priority on the eco-friendliness of indoor space. In this study, the international and domestic green systems were analyzed and compared in order to restructure the checklist for indoor space. Using the restructured checklists, the questionnaire were sent to 180 people using 6 office buildings which passed the domestic "LEED" certification. LEED certification system put priority on the air quality and heating/cooling environment in its evaluation section and items. However, according to the results of the study, it was found that the people using the buildings were not satisfied enough with the air environment of buildings along with their other indoor environment items. This shows that even though the office buildings are designed according to the requirements of LEED, the buildings do not meet the occupier's needs. In addition, it showed that the evaluation items should be improved so that they are useful to enhance the satisfaction of the occupiers' needs. The paper could be useful in establishing standard for eco friendliness of indoor space of office buildings which pass the LEED certification as the basic data for increasing energy efficiency and working efficiency of occupiers of the buildings.
A Study on the Space Analysis of Residential House Plans in Rural New-Town Development Area Using the Space Syntax
Hwang, Yong-Woon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 241~249
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.241
The remarkable growth of city population and rate of urbanization are increasing every year rapidly in Korea. On the other hand young people are decreasing and old people are increasing in rural areas. So in 2009, the five Rural New-Town Development Areas were selected by the Ministry for Food, Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries. To provide data necessary for housing types and floor planning and development suitable for rural new-town development to be implemented constantly in rural areas all over the country later, this study used a space syntax program to analyze housing types and space structures within houses in five new-town development areas. After analyzing 33 floor plans for the five areas, there were few houses with separation of communal (integration space) and personal living spaces (segregation space). In particular, 82% had personal living spaces requiring protection of privacy, such as bedrooms and the toilet, classified into communal living spaces. Residential houses for rural new-town development targeting the young population valuing personal life and privacy, which failed to reflect city people's life properly, were expected to decrease residential satisfaction after occupancy.
The Plan for Apartment Unit containing the Space Organization, Residential Space and Housing Design Elements of Han-Ok
Kang, Hyo-Jeong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 250~257
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.250
This study focuses on the fact that the Korean traditional design application appears as one of the trends for a planning technique to express an apartment as a healthy, clean and environment-friendly dwelling recently. Focusing on this, this study tries to apply the characteristic of Han-Ok to an apartment unit plan more compositively beyond the fragmentary design application of existing preceding researches. To do this, the space organization, residential space and housing design elements of Han-Ok are deducted through preceding researches and case studies and proposes a plan by applying this to the apartment plan with a floor plan of about
(40 pyeong). The apartment unit plan containing the characteristic of Han-Ok proposed in this study is planned based on the floor plan of about
(40 pyeong) which is distributed the most in the city of Seoul. It has an advantage in terms that it can be individually applied not only when a construction firm progresses business anew carrying the banner for a Korean-style apartment but also an existing residents can apply through remodelling. Meanwhile, it has a limit that the diversified space sense and the advantage of an airy Han-Ok cannot be applied to many parts of the design due to the characteristic of an apartment of diverse height change. If a measure to secure constructability and economic feasibility while reflecting diverse differences of floor-level of an apartment can be prepared in follow-up researches, much more various advantages of Han-Ok can be put into the apartment design.
A Study on Social Relationship of Housing Types for Social Health of the Elderly
Lee, Yeun-Sook ; Youn, Ga-Young ; Chang, Jae-woo ; Ahn, Chang-Houn ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 258~266
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.258
Rapidly aging society extends the span of aged life of the elderly people longer than before and this trend raises the issue of holistic health of the aged including their physical, psychological and social health making it necessary to study for environmental development to support this trend. This study intends to explore the direction of residential planning to support the deterioration phenomenon of social networks due to aging. Social networks here are treated as basic conditions for social health. This study researched the diverse types of elderly housings in preparation for the aged society and their spatial characteristics, social affordance characteristics and their potentials for social interactions from the viewpoint of their social relations. literature studies with contents analysis method was used. The results of this study were arranged primarily according to the characteristics of social relations by types of housings. Socially integrated types of housings can be found as inclusive housing type as they have both social characteristics that can be found in houses in general and the elderly housings, they should be considered as desirable types in Korea where collective houses are most popular. Form the existing housing plans housing plan direction should move toward socially integrated housing plans that can protect the elderly people collectively and the direction of housing plans here means the direction from more macro-perspective viewpoint. Therefore, the results of this study are meaningful in adding interpretation from the viewpoint of social relations respective housings and promoting housings for the elderly people more desirably.
A Study on the Development Policy for Tradtional Market Reflecting the Locational Charateristics
Lee, Min-Seok ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 267~275
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.267
A The purpose of this study is to analyze the locational characteristics of the traditional market. In Seoul, small Conventional markets are directly connected with the living of citizens and becoming an important role for organization of the urban functions in the residential area. For this study, 32 Traditional Markets located on Seongbuk, Kangbuk and Dobong-Gu, were analyzed based on GIS, and within 500m related areas of market were categorized and researched by the level of urban infrastructure state. The contents of this study are composed of following three topics, partially theoretical review, general consideration and case studies. The study found that there is in need of improving urban infrastructure in conventional market areas, which has been identified during the research of urban infrastructure. Also, the study shows that it is necessary to develop comprehensive plans by timing and phase in order to improve commercial environment of the areas related while providing essential urban infrastructure. In addition, from the perspective of conventional market regeneration policy, physical conditions of the areas concerned should be focused on the perspective of developing plans and urban infrastructure elements.
A Study on the Composition and Characteristic of Coworking Space
Han, Hye-Sun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 276~283
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.276
Coworking space is the ideal concept of small companies, freelancers, startups, and entrepreneurs operating out of a shared office space while working independently of one another. The coworkers share the core values of coworking: collaboration, openness, accessibility, sustainability, and community. Little academic research has been completed on the composition of coworking spaces and the businesses that use them. The purpose of this study is to examine the organization and characteristic of coworking space based on domestic and international cases for providing basic data on the coworking space plan. This study examined existing academic literature, media, online sources to assess the environmental background of worldwide coworking space, the current status, conceptualization, and membership plan that can be appled coworking spaces. The case study for coworking space is limited to the space where there is web site that is showed floor plan. Coworking spaces are designed to be environmentally friendly, offering common area with many facilities to encouraging community and collaboration. For creating ideal coworking space, the concept of coworking space must be recognized as a community space for interaction and creativity between people and space. Based on the result of this study, the appropriate zoning, circulation and specific floor plan of coworking space is needed for the next research.
A Study on Space Utilization by Programs of Convention and Exhibition Facilities in Korea - Focusing on convention and exhibition facilities in large cities of Korea -
Park, Tae-Sung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 284~292
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.284
The study performed analysis focusing on specialized convention and exhibition facilities among convention and exhibition facilities in Korea. The procedures and results were as follows: First, by theoretical consideration, meaning and contents of convention and exhibition programs done in convention and exhibition facilities were considered and after that, general characteristics of the programs which were the main of space utilization was derived. Second, considering scale and location, 6 facilities were re-selected for in-depth research from 12 facilities investigated preliminarily. Selected facilities were categorized by scale and through the analysis of programs done in this facilities for the last 1 year, overview and characteristics of utilization for exhibition space, conference space, and multi-purpose space, etc were analyzed. Third, through the case study on the programs, individual characteristics of space utilization by convention and exhibition program were analyzed. From the result of the study, considering the whole, the space utilization of programs was done as conference space rather than exhibition space and the ratio of use as conference space to use as exhibition space was 1.8 in the large facilities, 6.7 and 7.6 in the middle facilities and the small facilities, respectively. In the middle and small facilities, the ratio of use of one room as conference space was very high. In the large facilities, there was no big difference with the ratio 50:50 of the programs involving exhibition to other programs, but in the middle and small facilities, the ratio of the former to the latter was observed over 2.4 and 3.6. This fact indicated that the function of use as promotion and communication space for companies and industrial entities which were the essential purposes became low.
A Study on the Expression Methods of Space Perception by the Scene in the Exhibition Space
Kim, Han-Na ; Seo, Ji-Eun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 293~301
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.293
The purpose of this study was to find the space perception by the scene and to analyze the characteristics in the exhibition space. The data for the analysis was collected through a questionnaire survey method. The questionnaire is composed of a scene selection on the panoramic photographs of the exhibition space. 'The 4 Rivers Cultural Center - The ARK' was selected as the subject of this survey. The results of the study are presented as follows : First, the space perception perceived imaged scenes rather than the specific elements of space. Second, the space perception was revealed through the 'Form', 'Materials', 'Light', 'Lighting', 'Furniture' and 'Media' of notable elements. Also that was perceived by forming 'Line', 'Surface' and 'Volume'. Particularly, the perception of 'Surface' was higher than 'Line' and 'Volume'. 'Surface' was perceived mostly through the 'Color'. The perception of 'Line' was positive to 'Boundary' or 'Continuous placement of the light'. In addition, the perception of 'Volume' was positive to 'The curve of the form', 'Transparent material', 'Three-dimensional elements'. Finally, The type of space perception was chosen as 'Extension', 'Center', 'Deep', 'Boundary' and 'Formative'. In this way, the results of this study will set a foundation for developing design methods to induce the space perception by the scene in the exhibition space.
A Usability Study On Museum Installations Emphasizing Interaction Design for User Experience
Cho, Myung Eun ; Choi, Han Hee ; Kim, Mi Jeong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 302~310
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.302
Many museums have recently employed digital technologies in exhibition installations to provide visitors with interactive experiences with the installations, not just audiences. However, most of them have focused on the adoption of new prototypes or technologies, not considering user experiences of those systems carefully. This study developed an evaluation tool for usability of the tangible user interfaces and conducted a usability study on museum installations emphasizing user interaction and experience. The evaluation tool is composed of 5 features of tangible user interfaces such as tangible, interaction, convenience, representation, spatial interaction and social interaction, and 24 items. The museum we investigated is the Gwacheon National Science Museum, where 8 installations, classified 4 categories, were selected for the usability study. We recruited 6 undergraduate students, who were divided into 2 teams, each team having 3 students. Three students in a team manipulated and experience each installation together and reported their evaluation score through the questionnaire and interviews. The results showed that the score of the usability for the category 3, which requires students to move their bodies for the interaction, is the highest one because it features with spatial interaction. Students expressed much interest in the category 4, which utilizes users' other senses, however, the score of the usability is the lowest because the interaction is temporary and repetitive. Most installations are well designed in terms of control constraints, legibility, lower thresholds, participation encouragement, and open to the public, but pooly designed in terms of multiple access points, configurability, accurate movement, ambient media, and full-body interaction.
Analysis of the Spatial Structure of Zaha Hadid's Museum using Space Syntax
Kook, Jin-Sun ; Cho, Ja-Yeon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 311~319
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.311
Buildings of the de-constructive tendency beyond definite forms are being constructed in countries with economic power, technical skills and open culture because they require social conditions to accommodate those buildings as well as a lot of construction expenses. Frank Gehry and Zaha Hadid can be chosen as the representative architects of de-constructivism series who are currently working hard. Though both of them are architects belonging to the de-constructivism category, their works show different construction due to the differences in architectural philosophy and working ways. Gehry consider Architect as a fine art and enjoy (sculpture) three-dimensional structure work through Rough Model. With increasing demand for landmark atypical buildings, Hadid has been frequently awarded in the recent series of International Competitions and deals with a lot of cultural works. Affected by absolutism, Hadid showed various diagonal lines in her early construction and works based on the theme of dynamics such as lightness, gliding and light contact with the ground etc. Hadid's Architecture which worked under the theme of dynamic contains a variety of diagonal lines that might cause the viewers to have difficulty on spatial awareness, thus It is known that Hadid's Architecture has lower efficiency on the Circulation and difficulty on spatial cognition compared to the typical museum. According to the research findings of the previous paper that space understanding of viewers on Frank Gehry Museum consisting of complicated planes is generally better than that of them on a typical museum, the purpose of this study is to find out the Circulation efficiency and spatial cognition of Hadid Museum by explaining the space structure of dynamic Hadid Museum and the difference compared to typical museum.
A Study on the Case of Application of a Process at the Construction Stage of the Color Planning at the Construction Site of Muju Taekwondo Park
Yun, Gye-Yeong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 320~327
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.320
In order to maintain and protect professionalism in color planning, the present study examined the process at the time of realization of color through color inspection and supervision in the actual construction site and suggested plans for improvement. Reflecting the characteristics that the governing body of the construction site is not a private person but an organization, the present study aims to provide institutional measures so that the supervisor of color construction at the actual site of construction can propose concerns related to proper construction at the right time, and the matters cannot be decided from the perspective of a layman. The institutional measures are proposed through the case of application of a process at the construction stage of the color planning at the construction site of Muju Taekwondo Park. First, the process clarified where the responsibility lies by specifying special conditions concerning color inspection on the field guide and color contract. Second, the sample for building materials was selected after obtaining it from a company capable of supply and is appropriate for the planned unit cost so that it could play an important role in realizing colors at the stage of basic design. Third, the process of construction was ensured not by temporary selection of colors but by continuous approval of colors in consideration of the conditions of construction site through letter of approval of color at each stage and point of time. Fourth, coordination of various color elements of other fields including landscape, interior, and electricity ensured construction of the whole structure in one color concept. Fifth, color inspection through the mock up of the site will minimize erroneous construction and reconstruction and prevent decrease in productivity. Sixth, this study also suggested more comfortable and positive color environment through evaluation by experts and users. The researcher of this study expects that color experts actively participate in the stage of construction to contribute to improvement of the color environment.
Study on the Spatial Standard for Data Reading Rooms in Public Libraries
Lim, Ho-Kyun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 328~335
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.328
This study investigated the ratios of area, according to the domains and functions, of a public library. To this end, 20 public libraries were selected as samples from the 2012 Public Library Construction Casebook and from cases of consulting on the construction and operation of public libraries. The domains of a public library were categorized into data reading, cultural education, operation, common use, and others. There was a large difference in the area ratios between public libraries that were built with the aid of consulting (Group B) and those without consulting (Group A). In functional terms, the data(bookshelf) space and reading space had similar ratios within a data reading room, while the ratio of the library information space was smaller. Within a general data reading room, the ratio of the library information space was 12%, while the ratios of the data space and seating space were 44%, respectively. Moreover, within a data reading room for children, the ratios of the library information space and children's space were adjusted to 14%, respectively, while the data space and seating space each accounted for 36%, with either 3- or 5-decker bookshelves installed. This study has identified how to calculate the area for each domain, capacity of books, and seating capacity by applying area ratios through functions in the data storage domain, along with numbers of books and seats per unit space. This study has also succeeded in calculating the required area and seats for each type of data storage room by applying the number of books that exist. However, this study has its limitation in that the regional characteristics(Metropolis, Small & medium size cities, Rural areas) were not considered because the number of samples was only 20 libraries.
A Study on Spatial Analysis and User's Satisfaction in Cafeterias at a University - Focused on Satisfaction in Cafeterias at D University -
Kim, Sung-Kee ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 336~343
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.336
The study analyzed behaviors of users in cafeterias and spatial environmental images as well to understand what factors would affect the users' satisfaction in the cafeterias. The study also looked into how interior space factors would influence the users, what the users actually want from the cafeterias when they use them and lastly, what kinds of behaviors the users would do while in the cafeteria. Through those researches, the study proposed solutions to improve the users' satisfaction in cafeterias. As a field survey research, the study observed actual conditions of cafeterias at a university as conducting spatial environmental analysis to present ways to improve students' satisfaction in cafeterias at their university. In order to achieve the research goal, the study carried out a literature analysis and a survey and visited the cafeterias to understand both actual conditions and environments of cafeterias at a university. The study also had in-depth interviews with the students. The subject of the study was those college students who have been using four cafeterias at three campuses of D university. Data was collected via surveys, observations and interviews. With the students as the research subject, the study investigated and analyzed current status of the students' using of the cafeterias, actual utilization, spatial factors and satisfaction factors. The study was mainly developed with a survey conducted and by distributing basically 200 copies of the survey each to the campuses, the study gave out 200 copies each to Suseong Campus in Daegu and Oseong Campus in Gyeongsan but 400 copies at a time to Samsung Campus in Gyeongsan because it was the main campus and had two cafeterias. To sum up, each department was instructed to answer 20~40 copies of the survey in the end. Out of 800 copies in total, 188 copies from Oseong Campus, 153 copies from Suseong Campus and 386 copies from Samsung Campus which would add up to 727 were observed to be faithful enough to be used as statistics for the study.
Barrier Free Design Methods applied in Passenger Terminals based on Characteristics of Transportation Poor & Barrier Free Elements - Focused on the Gunsan International*Coastal Passenger Boat Terminal -
Park, Byung Min ; Shim, Eun Ju ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 344~356
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.344
Due to implementation of legislations for translation poor such as handicapped people, elderlies, children most public buildings are now integrating barrier free design methods. However, barrier free design is still considered as constraints of physical elements that only serve to meet functional aspects for minors and conflict with designs of the space. The authors believe that it is time that barrier free design is considered not as constraints but opportunities that both meet functional and aesthetical needs serving the growing population of transportation poor and others as well. This paper has looked into characteristics of transportation poor and barrier free design elements of passenger terminals and developed 4 categories of design methods. applied by using human sense, form, furniture, and architectural elements. Then the authors analyzed Gunsan International and coastal passenger terminal existing conditions which is considered to be designed to meet barrier free guidelines and legislations through the developed design categories and elements. The result turned out that the subject in regard of barrier free designs for transportation poor lack various applications such as forms that can be used as symbolic and directional elements that assists as wayfinding cues. Also, flexible and multi functional approaches in furniture arrangements, structural approaches are needed.
A Study on the Living Quarter interior design of Offshore Ship - Focused on the Living Qauter of FPSO -
Joo, Min-Kyoo ; Lee, Gyoo-Baek ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 357~366
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.357
Global Energy Industry's high oil prices persist while their petroleum and gas production areas are entering the decline phase. More and more the drilling facilities used to bore oil from deeper depths are advancing further out into the oceans, which cause the development of "OFFSHORE" ship manufacturer facility's production demands to increase. The "OFFSHORE" ships provide a living space or L.Q (Living Quarters) for crewmen who work on the water far away from any mainland for extended periods of time. This research analyzes the LQ areas and the characterization of interior designs of different types of "OFFSHORE" ships that were built in South Korea. Also using overseas countries' Classification Society, known as "NORSOK," and analyzing their own design guidelines in conjunction with the research, the process of interior design and baseline data research was used to blueprint the new LQ areas. According to the results of the research, where ships get comprised of characteristics and operations by standards of the Classification Society's RULE, has the greatest effect on the design and design method of the LQ area. The research also shows that a conservative shipbuilding market of the Shipbuilding Company and ship owners' feelings are steadily changing to more open mindedness of acceptance. Therefore, the Korean Classification Society has to provide the new design principle to correspond to the international regulations and more various interior design plans of LQ areas needed to be present based on the new design guidelines. The capacity of the South Korean OFFSHORE shipbuilding industry is the world's top leader; however, the interior design of the LQ areas are still based from outdated designs from the 1980's. Hopefully these research results will be the cornerstone to help the shift from the outdated designs of the LQ areas to more practical modern designs.
A Study on Processing Methods of New Materials Applied to Biomimicry Characteristics
Ji, Ju-Yeon ; Seo, Ji-Eun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 367~375
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2013.22.5.367
Using the 'New material' concept has recently been introduced into the natural characteristics. In the course of such a, Janine M. Benyus has proposed to mimic the characteristics of natural ecosystems to mention the concept of Biomimicry. Process made engineered using technical elements for representing the material properties of Biomimicry such will be acting importantly, This study intends to analyze how new materials applied to 'Biomimicry' characteristics are processed in space. The results were as follows : 1) Processing methods of new materials resulted as 'Forming', 'Surface treatment', 'Bonding', 'Inserting'. These four were divided and analyzed into 'Form', 'System', 'Adaptation'. As a result of this analysis, such significances were shown as 'Forming/Surface treatment/Bonding' in 'Form', 'Bonding' in 'System' and 'Adaptation'. 2) 'Bonding' applied to 'System' of new material can be recycled to be combined with other materials through the existing adhesive material, and present as a solution of 'Sustainable development'. 3) 'Bonding' applied to 'Adaptation' of new material is to impart the ability to react to the environment through the joint, but is characteristic, at this time, using digital and other field technology. It appeared primarily that it can be known to meet the social trends and convergence between fields. Thus, as the finish that are friendly to the environment from the interior design, the results of the study are expected to be utilized in the study of new materials guidelines.