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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Interior Design
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Architectural Expression of Light Appeared in Museums Designed by Henri E. Ciriani
Kim, Chang-Sung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 3~11
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.003
Light has been considered as one of the most important elements in architectural design. Light provides occupants in buildings a lot of architectural experiences by interrelating the space, shape and other design elements. Especially, natural light is the valuable source to create the better indoor space compared to artificial light. It is a sustainable energy source and offers a more natural environment. It also enables occupants to perceive the form and depth of space. In general. many of architects including Henri Ciriani have tried to design buildings with natural light expecting optimum indoor environment. Therefore, this paper tried to examine the works of Henri Ciriani and analyze how to control the light in his works. For this purpose, two museums designed by Henri Ciriani-Arles Museum of Archaeology and Great War Historical Museum in Peronne - were selected to analyze how Henri Ciriani used light in his design phase and applied it to his museum works. According to the results of the study, it has been proved that Henri Ciriani tried to realize a space continuum through the spatial expansion, openness and closeness by natural light and incorporate the architectural form, interior space and exhibition circulation with natural light in order to create innovative exhibition space in museum buildings.
A Study on the Analysis the Space Concept of Usonian House Floor Plans of Frank Lloyd Wright
Hwang, Yong-Woon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 12~20
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.012
The purpose of this study is to analyze the general patterns of the floor plans and space of Usonian house which designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. this thesis can be summarized as follows : 1) F.L.Wright's houses mostly used simple geometric shapes as the basis for most of his architectural designs. In his early works, his typical floor plans were square or rectangular shapes, which gradually were transformed into various kinds of shape to make the adjustment of location of the site and shape. 2) The general patterns of floor plans of his U-houses were L-shaped or straight shaped using a
grid system. Most of U-houses consisted of 3 space: living room, workspace(Kitchen) & dining, and bedroom. Among them, a workspace worked as core role in each house. 3) Even though solid wall is the opposite concept of the transparent glass but most U-houses were designed to have solid walls on one side to provide a gallery space(to secure habitability of resident) and transparent glass walls used on the other side to connect between interior space and natural space of exterior. 4) The cantilever have not been used before Usonian house but F.L.Wright used it which take charge of functions as transfer space between inside space and outside space. 5) F.L.Wright saw the nature as a truth, so he thought the interior space would be natural and all houses must be able to adjust to the natural environment.
Study on the Characteristics of the Design for the Community Building of Facilities for the Elderly
Kim, Jung-Gon ; Koh, Gwi-Han ; Bang, Moon-Sun ; Han, Chang-Hwan ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 21~29
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.021
This study analyzed some of nursing homes in various domestic and foreign regions in order to find solutions to reduce suicidal incidents from the loneliness. To analyze community space of nursing homes, elderly community is analyzed into three categories based on their characteristics (morphological characteristics, Social characteristics, Environmental characteristics). With those three characteristics above, architectural spaces are analyzed the relation with them. Elderly nursing homes are divided with living, nursing, management, and public spaces. The space of elderly nursing homes (classification of function)-elderly community (classification of elderly characteristics) is approached in an architectural way related to the space of elderly nursing homes and elderly characteristics. Through some case studies, specific space relation of elderly nursing homes and elderly community is analyzed. Also, with the building analysis for summary, plans, wards(hospital rooms), cafeteria, program rooms and alley, some of general information and elderly community space is understood. In this study, there will be an analysis of relation of elderly community(morphological, social, environmental characteristics) which is separated into some spaces of elderly nursing homes(living, nursing, public spaces and facilities) written above. Furthermore, if people can recognize the importance of community space for elderly facilities, there will be a new guide line for that which can have a play on catalyst.
Development of Neighborhood Design Indicators for Supporting Casual Contacts and Meetings of Old Residents
Oh, Chan-Ohk ; Kim, Soo-Young ; Chang, Su-Jie ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 30~39
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.030
Korean society is running fast toward a super aging society. This means that new solutions for new problems of aged people are needed. An important area to prove is the aging-friendly neighborhood environments supporting casual contacts and meetings of old residents. This study attempts to suggest neighborhood design indicators which support casual contacts and meetings of old residents. The subjects were 24 professionals who had studied on housing environment for the elderly. They answered through the on-line questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of items which evaluate the appropriateness of classification of neighborhood area and the indicators of each area using 5-points Likert scale. Also open questions asking adding or eliminating areas or indicator and other opinions were included. On the basis of these answers, the aging-friendly neighborhood design indicators supporting contacts and meetings of old residents was developed. They are consisted of 7 areas in neighborhood and 60 indicators. Those areas were semi-public residential area, commercial area, cultural & educational area, health & medical area, park & green area, walkway, and public traffic facilities. This would be used to design the neighborhood environments that are aging-friendly and facilitating casual contacts and meetings of all residents, especially old residents.
A Study on the Influence of Brand Identity Expressional Elements and Brand Awareness in Cosmetic Road Shop's Facade - Focusing on Designs of Facades of Cosmetic Road Shops in Myeongdong -
Lee, Ju-Hyeong ; Park, Chan-Il ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 40~50
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.040
The purpose of this study was to investigate how brand identity expressional elements in cosmetic road shops' facades would affect the brand awareness of consumers while extracting those brand identity expressional elements observed in the facades of the cosmetic road shops. In order to achieve the research goal, the study used Q methodology, a method to measure subjectivity. The results have been summarized as follows. (1) The elements to express the brand identity found in the facades of the cosmetic road shops were observed to be two-dimensional expressional elements, and they should include a symbol, a logo, a signboard, materials to express an image (products, models) and a brand color. As for the three-dimensional expressional elements, they were a building (form, materials, pattern), decorations (lean-to roof, canopy, sculptures, lighting, screen) and a display window (focusing on products, visuality or the inside of a shop). (2) The findings of the analyses on the brand awareness using Q methodology have been presented as follows. (1) When multiple identity expressional elements which would be associated with each other are used, the brand awareness gets increased relatively efficiently. (2) In case of men, they would perceive a brand more easily through those formative expressional elements such as a form of a building. (3) In case of women, they would perceive a brand more conveniently through those visual expressional elements such as a brand color. (3) In conclusion, the study figured out that, among the brand identity expressional elements, the one which would influence the brand awareness most would be (1) the brand color, followed by (2) the building-form, (3) the lean-to roof, (4) the display window and (5) the logo. Based upon what has been learned so far, the study confirmed that when it comes to securing the brand awareness in the market, cosmetic companies should, first, realize how important it is to make good use of the two-dimensional (visual) expressional element, the brand color, and the three-dimensional expressional element, the form of the building, together before they even try to design facades of their shops on the streets.
The Dutch RE;MIND Design's Conceptual and Critical Aesthetics of Use
Park, Young-Tae ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 51~61
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.051
Aesthetics of use for modern people can be regarded as being weighted toward universal and rational function since it has focused on an 'automation and efficiency' and 'smartness' in terms of technological and human engineering position. Thus, aesthetics of use as an individual agent has remained in minimal level. This study attempts to seek conceptual model of design regarding the behavior of users from the systematization of critical theories about the usability. To do that, 'HERTZAIN TALES' written by Anthony Dune and the concept and system of Droog Design have been used as a core standard. In line with the various experiments by artist groups such as Fluxus, Memphis group and the work of product semantics, and inherent characteristics of Droog design, which has surfaced from the 1990s, concepts that has mentioned in the Hertzain tales have been organized into main texts. By overcoming cognitive bias inherent in the material culture and by overcoming an existing usability based on immateriality and dialectic solution, the autonomy of critical design and instrumentality of Droog design have been systemized. By interpreting the design aspect of 12 pieces that have been submitted to the RE;MIND section, the core of this study, it has been confirmed that conceptual and critical design's aesthetics of use From the interpretation of the design aspect of 12 pieces that have been submitted to the RE;MIND section, the core of this study, it has been confirmed that conceptual and critical design's aesthetics of use has established the autonomy and independence of the behavior of users, created functional articulation of materials and secured new conceptual model and thus, could be an effective methodical clue for creating an emergent design.
A Study on Educational Effectiveness of Convergence Education Between Design and Robotics - Focus on Mentee and Mentor of 2013 Future Environmental Design Competition for Children -
Jang, Yon-Hwa ; Ban, Ja-Yuen ; Lee, Yun-Hee ; Han, Hae-Ryon ; Lee, Ju-Hyeong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 62~70
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.062
In the knowledge and information society of 21st century, 'Creativity' which is the core of national competitiveness and an important foundation for the development of the country has been emphasized on the importance of it. As a result, the convergence educational programs, as known as STEAM (science, technology, engineering, arts, mathematics) became more and more needed to children for cultivating creativity. As a follow-up study on STEAM program combining robotics and design for children developed by Design Promotion Committee of KIID, this study intends to modify and reanalyze the program and to seize the educational effectiveness of the groups of university students as mentors and children as mentees, The results are as follows; First, although the importance of STEAM education is highlighted, short-term educational programs tend to consist of only the contents of each field: design or science. Second, pre-training and mentoring were helpful to both mentors and children. Third, Children expanded the perception of STEAM concept and increased their interests in career. Mentors recognized the importance and the necessity of STEAM education, and were very satisfied with team activities which gave a new experience of working with other field of people. Therefore, this program provide to children an experience of logical thinking, having interests on uninterested field, and encouraging teamwork. Also, it provides to mentors a chance to develop their potential and experience, and set up a new vision for future.
A Study on the Romantic Reproduction of Modern Architectural Space by Photographic Vision
Jun, Hee-Sung ; Kim, Moon-Duck ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 71~79
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.071
The purpose of this study is to elucidate that photo, which has been used as original photo's purpose of information transfer in modern age, is now used as romantic reproduction which is the communication methods of architect's idea and thought through photographic vision which is beyond photograph own capabilities. The photos of Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier's architectural works are taken as an example for studying and analysing the way of deliverying the concept of creative work in the functional spaces in the modern era. It looked at the way of modern archirecture configuration, which architects wanted to show by pictures, such as concurrency, movement, sense of exhibition and concept of time-space and planarity on photographic vision such as multiview, movement, daily life exclusion, scenography and perspective loss. Reflecting that, I presents Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe's intention through photo by analyzing their picture of architecture by way of photograph techniques-camera position moving, over exposure, photomontage, silhouette technic and overlap technic. Mies van der Rohe and Le corbusier demonstrated the change and manipulation of the their architectural photos in different point of view. They express their architectural theories by photos of their works and overcome the limitation of expression of constructed building designed by them. The photos of architects's works in the case study with photos and descriptions introduce to their design concept. The design concept of the architects have become ideal concept for many contemporary architects and keep reproducing through the photos of their architectural works.
A Study on the Relationship of the Spatial Characteristics in New Media Paradigm and New Media Art
Hur, Sung-Hwan ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 80~89
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.080
0 and 1, two digits are principle and formality of digital media. Those principle and formality dwell in new media paradigm. They are founded on emergence of new types of space. As describing the relationship originating from the concepts of digital media paradigm and space and discussing their characteristics, this paper presents the grounds for a theoretical argument for formation of new space. The concept of virtuality which mimics and represents the real, non-linearity which resembles human system of thinking and sensing, and interactivity connecting the communication theory of human and machine, their properties form the important basis for emergence of a new aspect of space. The concepts of digital media paradigm divide a type of space into two properties. The first is a inner modality. The second is outer modality. Dynamic space implicates inner modality that humans internally recognize the sense of space through their body and sensing organs. Space is not sensed but sensing. Space has an organic nature through object's interaction. Space has an outer nature that is physically variable. Finally, space has properties of modularity that changes structure of space. For empirical basis of an argument, new media art that has architectural form and those spatial characteristics were compared and analyzed. This conceptual discussion for space which the formality of digital media is applied will be an important foundation for create space design.
A Study on the Features of Visual-Information Acquirement Shown at Searching of Spatial Information - With the Experiment of Observing the Space of Hall in Subway Station -
Kim, Jong-Ha ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 90~98
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.090
This study has analyzed the meaning of observation time in the course of acquiring the information of subjects who observed the space of hall in subway stations to figure out the process of spatial information excluded and the features of intensive searching. The followings are the results from the analysis of searching process with the interpretation of the process for information acquirement through the interpretation of observation area and time. First, based on the general definition of observation time, the reason for analyzing the features of acquiring spatial information according to the subjects' observation time has been established. The feature of decreased analysis data reflected that of observation time in the process of perceiving and recognizing spatial information, which showed that the observation was focused on the enter of the space during the time spent in the process of observing the space and the spent time with considerable exclusion of bottom end (in particular, right bottom end). Second, while the subjects were observing the space of hall in subway stations, they focused on the top of the left center and the signs on the right exit the most, which was followed by the focus on the both side horizontally and the clock on the top. Third, the analysis of consecutive observation frequency enabled the comparison of the changes to the observation concentration by area. The difference of time by area produced the data with which the change to the contents of spatial searching in the process of searching space could be known. Fourth, as the observation frequency in the area of I changed [three times -> six times -> 9 times], the observation time included in the area increased, which showed the process for the change from perception to recognition of information with the concentration of attention through visual information. It makes it possible to understand that more time was spent on the information to be acquired with the exclusion of the unnecessary information around.
A Study of the Characteristics of Perception According to Gender in the Image Evaluation of Cafe Facades
Son, Kwang-Ho ; Choi, Gae-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 99~107
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.099
Façade design makes the customer to select and remember of commercial space. Therefore, if it can be identified characteristics of perception in image evaluation, it will be possible to easy visiting space and re-selection with motivation through identity and differentiation of commercial space. For this study, cafes among commercial facilities were selected for the appreciation of the differentiated design features attracting customer's eyes through space image evaluation by gender. The followings are the conclusions drawn from the study. First, when the features of mean and deviation of [Factor 1] were employed for the appreciation of the perceptual characteristics of both men and women, it was clearly found that customers regards the facade design as a coarse one even though they are confused about whether the facade design is the straightened-up one. Second, customers perceive facade design as the one which is bright but not unique through [Factor 2] while in the process of selecting adjectives to describe it men's perception as to "being vivid but interesting" was dispersed and women's as to "Being bright" was also dispersed, too but the women perceived it as "being opaque". Third, it was revealed that the perceptual characteristics of [Factor 3] were perceived as "warm but boorish" and "warm but crude" by men and women respectively. Fourth, most (80%) of the adjectives employed for vivid description of their perception by both genders were found to be consistent.
A Research of Exhibition Narrative Oriented Space Analysis of Science Museum - Based on Exhibition Space of Gwachun National Science Museum
Kim, Seongjin ; Lee, Hyunsoo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 108~116
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.108
This study is based on the arguments of Sofia Sarah and concept of 'Sequence Narrative' of Nigel Coates, the founder of Nato. Specifically, this study was conducted under the premise that narrative exhibition space will affect the engagement of viewers. As a result of this study, a method of analyzing a science museum's exhibition space was presented using the narrative structure and the following attributes of visuals: sequence of viewing; spatial tension; spatial pace. The findings are as follows. In terms of 'spatial tension', the exhibiton space with the following progression was more likely to provide viewers with in-depth experience: 'raise of tension' - 'change of pace' - detente.' Although the limited sample doesn't lead to verification of the analysis method and conclusion of its significance, the following was clearly revealed: Exhibiton space that utilizes the structure and attributes of a narrative that provides progression and dramatic tension, as if the viewers were watching a film, is more likely to offer in-depth experience than other spaces. In terms of 'phase transition', the following was revealed: Pace variation around the space with the strongest spatial tension could affect the concentration and engagement of viewers. It suggests the following fact: Spatial rhythm and speed variation in the area with the strongest visual emphasis encourage viewers to feel the spatial changes, maintain their concentration, and continue their viewing.
Study on Space Interaction Design of Media Art in Architecture Facade - Focused on Case of Using Projection Mapping Techniques -
Kim, Eun Soo ; Kim, Kai Chun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 117~124
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.117
As the contemporary times entered, the attention focused on the 'human's perception on a space' as much as on that a space's physical structure, so the meaning of a space became defined depending on how a person thought over and behaved in the space. As this age is the times of consilience and integration, a space accepts new technologies beyond being defined simply based on the space's structure and its shape and tries to provide different, 'strange experiences' from tho se felt by the human until now. Recently in the filed of space design, it can be seen that the spae design's connection with various technologies affects on considerable influence on the all fields of culture and arts like space marketings, media arts, exhibitions and performances as well as the buildings. Especially. the fusion of digital images and architecture is actively developed. Images possessing the moving light's attributes shine a city night and day and a building changes a city's appearance itself by adding new materials on the surface of building. It is the purpose of this study to study what new experiences the human gets and creates from his interaction with spaces based on such technological fusion. By studying some cases that used the digital media as a mediating instrument as the way presenting spatial experiences to the human, this study intended to identify what design factors were applied and to find appropriate directions for space desig in relation to what new trials can be done.
Comparative study on the characteristics of professionalization between interior design and architecture - Comparison of the body of knowledge shown in the accrediting criteria of interior design and architecture education in the United States -
Lee, Jong-Hee ; Kim, Duk-Su ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 125~135
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.125
Professionalization of Korean interior design is not completed, considering the fact that accreditation and registration systems cannot be found in it. This study, initiated with this concern, analyzed the knowledge area of interior design and architecture in the United States while utilizing accreditation standards of CIDA and NAAB. The purpose of this study is to provide reference to consult for the professionalization of Korean interior design by showing the effects of standardized professional knowledge on professionalization. The utilized research method is a multiple case study, analyzing cases of interior design and architecture in the United States. The unit of analysis is accrediting criteria, including present and revised versions. Content analysis was conducted to interpretate qualitative data collected. The research results include that knowledge differences between interior design and architecture are not clear. This study concludes that standardized professional knowledge emphasizes the technicality elements of knowledge to protect the health, safety and welfare of the public instead of indeterminacy elements. The research results imply that knowledge standardization concerning HSW can be a critical step to professionalization because it can show a jurisdictional boundary as a unique profession.
An Analytical Research of Mass Media's Articles about Korean Apartments' Living - Focused on the Articles of Newspapers and Women's Magazines Between 1960~80's -
Kim, Hye-Suk ; Suh, Jeong-Yeon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 136~146
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.136
As of 2010, apartment occupies more than half of all houses in Korea. It took just half a century since 1960 when apartment was introduced to ordinary people for the first time. The apartment has spread over the nation very swiftly since then. This phenomena needs more inclusive explanations than the investigations into the government's policies or economical situations. Without satisfaction and consensus of people, the universal spread of apartment might be fairly unrealizable. In this vein, the research and analysis has been performed in order to grasp the picture of everyday life's discourse based on the related articles from five major newspapers and five women's magazines during 1960~1989. From the articles' discourses we tried to understand how modern apartment has been accepted and evaluated through people's living life in it. First, the discourse of living life was generated mostly by housewives through the comparison between apartment and traditional house. Second, the most influential aspect of apartment's popularization was the convenience of efficient housekeeping system by modern equipment and home appliance installed in apartment. This efficiency could allow housewives to perform various urban activities such as work, shopping, and simple going out. Third, the satisfaction from efficiency and privacy brought about a sense of alienation at the same time. As a result, the rapid proliferation of apartment in Korea could be attained not only by the institutional driving forces but through the fulfillments of Korean people's housing needs from modern everyday life.
A Study on the Expression Characteristics of Korean Traditionality in Restaurants & Cafes which Adopted Thatched Roof & Shingle Roofed House
Lee, Ah-Young ; Oh, Hye-Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 147~155
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.147
The purpose of this study was to investigate expression characteristics of korean traditionality in restaurants & Ccfes which adapted thatched roof & shingle-roofed house. As a method of this study, a case study was made to investigate for exterior and interior elements(roof type, facade, floor, wall, ceiling, door & window) of 12 restaurants & cafes in Seoul and Kyunggi Province from June 10, 2013 to December 1, 2013. The results of this study were as follows: First, traditional transformation was mostly used among the traditional expression methods. But, there was not many traditional reinterpretation method. Second, looking at each component, traditional reproduction method mostly used for roof, column and ceiling to emphasize facade. Traditional transformation method can be divided into 3 ways in detail. The first method is mixing materials of modern and traditional, and the second one is transforming traditional material and combining this with modern one. The third is removing traditional material completely and transforming totally into modern materials. Third, traditional high quality noble houses are found in luxurious Korean restaurants and luxurious cafes while common houses are found in local food restaurant and cafes. It is because traditional common houses are still considered as low quality of design and it may prevent common houses from becoming high quality of design.
The Expression Characteristics of Chinese and Local Traditional Culture at Sichuan Restaurants
Li, Minglu ; Oh, Hye-Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 156~165
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.156
The purpose of this study is to reveal the expression characteristics of Chinese and Sichuan traditional culture at the modernized restaurants which sells Sichuan food focusing on the Chengdu area. In terms of research methods, 12 selected Sichuan restaurants were visited from January 26th to February 1st, 2013 for the investigation research. The expression methods of traditional culture were divided into traditional reproduction, traditional transformation and traditional reinterpretation. The study results were as follows. First, in the external space components, facade has brought the Chinese and Sichuan local tradition as original or applied negative transformation like the replacement of the materials even though it is modernized. Secondly, in terms of the components of the internal space, as for the ceiling, the Chinese traditional culture transformed or reinterpreted the traditional ceiling structure, with which the culture was expressed indirectly. Thirdly, in terms of the decoration elements in the interior space, as for the furniture, various methods like the reproduction, transformation and reinterpretation of the Chinese traditional furniture were employed but there was none furniture which included the Sichuan local traditional culture. In a short, both of Chinese and Sichuan local traditional cultures were used as they were or transformed diversely or expressed colorfully.
A Study on Visual-perceptual Centrality in Contemporary Museum Architecture - Focused on Visibility Graph Analysis -
Park, Chong-Ku ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 166~173
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.166
This study analyzed visual-perceptual centrality as a measure to solve the confusion that might occur in visitor's movement in analyzing contemporary museums that have recently expand. Also, this study proposed a new methodology to understand the relationships of the occurrence and convergence of visual-perceptual power. The existing visibility graph analysis mostly ends up in identifying nodes corresponding to the physical environment of museums while the newly proposed visibility graph analysis is a methodology that can analyze the landmark on which the visual-perceptual power occurs and converges, by setting visible space elements as analysis variables, which showed a possibility to draw more reliable results in parallel to the existing analysis, and the results of this analysis are as follows. A public museum located in downtown has a limitation that it cannot but be multi-layered as a way to enlarge for the accommodation of a variety of programs on a limited site. Also, this study found that the problem of visitor orientation occurring in the multi-layer process was solved by a major space which was visual-perceptually void. Also, its types can be summarized into two types: One is setting parameter spaces (ramps, staircases, hallways) linked visual-perceptually to the major space and the other is solving the confusion of the visitor's movement by composing a simple exhibition space. In particular, it is judged that the type solving the confusion of the visitor's movement by composing a simple exhibition space also had a relationship with changes in the characteristics of the exhibited works by period. In addition, it was found that the entrance also appeared in two types: dependent type and independent type in the major space according to the characteristics of the major space.
A Study on the Plannig Characteristics & Improvement of Citizen Cultural Space in Public Building in terms of Cultural Administration - Focused on the Cases Since 2000's -
Kang, Eun-Jin ; Choi, Sang-Hun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 174~181
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.174
The purpose of the study for this thesis is to look into the status and issues of government office buildings since the self-government policy through comparing and analyzing government office buildings, between domestically and to provide improvement plans of the citizen cultural space and with the self-government budget, enhance the utility and efficiency of the government office buildings and to take a role of a reference in the future when citizen cultural space is formed in the government office buildings. As the result of the study, the space planning characteristics of government office building's citizen cultural space in terms of cultural administration is as follows. First, percentage of room to strengthen the sense of community is small. Therefore, the place where residents can argue there is a need. Second, it is necessary to expand the venue and art collection that are missing in public government buildings. Third, since the lecture room for lack of civic education, it should be taken into account when making cultural space for the citizens. Fourth, thread observatory and souvenir shops, providing information is not enough, it is to be further expanded. Fifth, rented facility for public is hall be provided with a diversity.
Users' Evaluation of Interior Design Features of Patients Rooms in Geriatric Hospital - From the perspectives of Nurses and Care-Givers -
Oh, Chan-Ohk ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 182~192
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.182
Demands for geriatric hospital have increased in an era of rapidly aging population. Most of aged patients tend to stay in institutions for long terms. This means that the patient rooms of geriatric hospital should be given different considerations from those of normal hospital in designing interior features. They should be a homelike places for the aged patients and designed to take care of specific needs of the aged. However, most of geriatric hospitals are designed with little attention to such point. They appear almost same to normal ones. This study attempts to examine how users evaluate patients' rooms. The users are nurses, care-givers and family members of aged patients in six geriatric hospitals in Busan. They rated 12 features of patient rooms from 0 point to 100 points and described reasons why they rated in that way. Also, the walk-through was done for these six hospitals. 12 features are sizes of patient rooms, sizes and fixtures of bathrooms, sizes and locations of windows, bed layout, numbers and types of chairs, sizes and types of closet, lighting, color scheme, finishes of floor and wall, and interior design tone. Followings are findings : The users evaluated patients' rooms relatively positive. However, extra chairs for visitors, closet in patients rooms and storage in bathroom, and sizes of patients rooms and bathrooms were evaluated relatively negative.
Usage Pattern and User's Satisfaction with Village Community Center for Space Planning - Focused on 25 Village Community Centers in Hwasoon Province -
Moon, In-Young ; Kim, Mi-Hee ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 193~200
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.193
This study aimed to evaluate how users are satisfied with village community center. It will develope and determine a most detailed design and requirements to maximizing for user's convenience. The study conducted interview survey using questionnaire based on universal design principles, to users of village centers that are in possible of cooperation of 25 village centers in Haw Soon district, Jeonnam province and used 160 cases to the analysis. The conclusion of this study is as follows. First, users showed most satisfaction about LDK space and dissatisfaction about design, stair/slope, entrance, and bathroom. Specially, users are dissatisfied with curtains at room and handralis at entrance. In terms of design, users about the indoor-outdoor environment as a whole was unsatisfactory. Second, survey on actual needs space scrutinized bathroom, kitchen, and stair/slope according to priority. In result of these surveys, user's satisfaction with village community center and actual needs space show needed improvements on bathroom and stair/slope space urgently.
The Planning Characteristics and It's Applications of Container Architecture in Seoul and Kyunggi Area
Gill, Bit-Na ; Kim, Mi-Kyoung ; Mun, Young-A ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 201~209
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2014.23.2.201
The purpose of this study was to analyze the planning characteristics and it's applications of container architecture in Seoul and Kyunggi Area. A document research and field survey were used to analyze and classify the spatial characteristics of the container architecture since 2009. Based on the results of the critical review, this research proposed a framework to identify the potential of the container architecture for sustainable and flexible planning. The framework was composed of four dimensions such as flexibility, rapidity, sustainability and economic feasibility. The types of space construction were dynamically self-erecting structure, incremental structure, mobile and disposable architecture. The spacial aspects were commercial spaces, housing spaces such as dormitory and urban compact apartments, and the multi-purpose spaces such as gallery and culture space as well as temporary spaces. It attempted to resolve the concept of flexibility and mobility through the experiment so that they might apply to the space of contemporary city.