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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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Korean Institute of Interior Design
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study on Crime Prevention Through Environmental Planning of Urban Mixed-use Commercial Facilities - Focused on the Users' Consciousness -
Ha, Mi-Kyoung ; Lee, Hyo-Chang ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 3~14
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.003
The most important issue of modern cities is a crime. Crime prevention through environmental planning is needed in the urban mixed-use commercial facilities which have an important role of modern urban life, and have a positive elements for local society. The purpose of this study is to propose a direction of crime prevention through environmental planning for the urban mixed-use commercial facilities. In order to accomplish this purpose, a questionnaire survey is performed on users of urban mixed-use commercial facilities to evaluate the importance and satisfaction. The conclusions are as follows; 1) Crime prevention through environmental planning is needed in the public space which forms boundary between urban mixed-use commercial facilities and other urban facilities. 2) Safety support planning is necessary for women and children for crime prevention of urban mixed-use commercial facilities. 3) Crime prevention planning is needed in urban mixed-use commercial facilities of the various isolation space. 4) Crime prevention through environmental planning is needed for facilities of after business hours. 5) Various security alarm system considering the characteristics of the space is needed for crime prevention. 6) Community program is necessary in order to increase the utilization of external public space. 7) A sign is necessary to prevent a criminal act in urban mixed-use commercial facilities. 8) The connection of commercial facilities and activity inducing factors is needed.
The Case Study on the Commercial Space with Space Collaboration -Through 4 Case Studies in Heyri Village -
Shin, Jee-Hyun ; Shin, Kyung-joo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 15~29
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.015
Social and cultural impact of postmodernism in the seek for diversity and to respect the individual's personality and character was the center of human-centered thinking. This also affects the design area, as well as architecture, interior design. It is because of interactive interior design that reflects the lives and relationships with people. Thus, in modern society, people to meet the diverse needs have created a third space. Today's commercial space in the flow to a variety of users and is trying to provide comfort. To go to stores often offer lifestyle and proceeding to the next stage of life. Space for the creative force is trying to become getting better space. Collaboration is refer to phenomenon that two or more objects meet to collaborate. Collaboration is can be classified of space, art, low/high, high concept and star collaboration. And this study has been studied mainly collaboration. Space collaboration is can be classified of experiential, the third space, brand passes and landmark. Space collaboration elements rearranged to the standards of interior design theory, analysis, and marketing of space, commercial space, with previous studies of the spatial elements were extracted. The purpose of this study in the field of interior design space analysis method for the verification of collaboration theory is that to develop. Thus, the space collaboration has been developed to fit the field of interior design, and commercial interior spaces will be helpful for applying.
A Study on the Architectural Design Language by Design art and Cognitive science
Song, Suk-Hyun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 30~37
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.030
The target of design is a harmony between Beauty and Usefulness. Design is a result from representation of visual language by designer's creative thinking system. also, As an ill-defined problem cannot be described completely. and subjectively interpret depend on the situation, it is very difficult to present a theoretical standard. There have been many Design Sciences researches in recent years. such as Rule Based Design, Parametric Design, Replacement Design, Analogy Design, Metaphor Design, Genetic Algorithm. but Objective research is still unsatisfactory condition to investigate true nature about Design. At this point, It is very important to formulating about meaning of Design Language and Thinking. This study will define about that, and based on this definition, Lay out a logical basis for Treatment design variable and materialization of process by "Elements", "Relationship", "Schema". ultimately it look forward to provide a framework and minimize the complexity about Design Thinking.
Evaluation on Non-liturgical Space of Catholic Churches from the Perspective of Universal Design - Focused on 6 Cases in Busan Parish -
Cho, Youn-Joo ; Nam, Kyung-Hwa ; Shin, Kyung-Joo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 38~47
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.038
This study evaluated non-liturgical space of catholic churches based on the four principles of universal design; accessible design, supportive design, safety-oriented design, and adaptable design. To design those spaces in terms of supportive design principle, diaper exchanging station needs to be placed in the restroom. Findings of this study are as follows: In terms of accessible design, valid width of entrance door to each room(more than 800mm), installation of elevator, height of riser in the stair, and width of step board were appropriate, but there were many spaces where door sils were not removed. In terms of supportive design, notice board at teacher's room and installation of storage closet, and width of passage to office(more than 1,200mm) were also appropriate, but storage closet at a meeting and prayer room, and space for storing flowers appeared inappropriate. To design those spaces in terms of supportive design principle, diaper exchanging station needs to be placed in the restroom. In terms of safety-oriented design, installation of round-edged furniture, use of non-slip flooring material, installation of safety emergency bell at a restroom, and installation of wall handle were required. In terms of adaptable design, space for wheelchair users at each room, installation of the furniture that can adjust the height, installation of desk with different height at an office, installation of toilet and basin considering children were considered to be necessary.
Analysis of the University Library's Space Program and Design Characteristics with the Concept of 'Cultural Commons' - Focused on the Tama Art University Library -
Pyun, Young-Hee ; Park, Chan-Il ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 48~58
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.048
This study is to conclude a direction for Information Commons, which supports the university library in a new role. The study explains perspectives on the changing role of the university library by examining the approaches, histories, and theories practiced by various researchers on Information Commons. The study aims to discover ways of improving the library space that are dedicated to technology using Information Commons, it also examines ways of creating a unified "library space" that will support learning and access to knowledge and information. The features of Cultural Commons include making improvements to technology-centered space, and providing support to research, freedom of speech, creative approach, public freedom and collaboration, and interaction. The functions of Cultural Commons within the university library are listed: First, it supports programs that will transform the library into a social hub within the university. The space specifically blurs the boundary between the library building and its surroundings, and unifies these spaces to enhance its catalytic role in aiding social interactions and human-centered approach. Second, it supports active participation through cultural programs and provides a fluid and interactive space with virtual resources. Third, it enhances user experience to supports behaviors and activities that involve fixtures and equipment in the space to promote learning. The study notes that, with the emergence of these characteristics, the university library is changing by implementing Cultural Commons for on-campus social space and new learning. Accordingly, this implementation is expected to enhance active acceptance of the library space in the future.
A Study on a Plan to Activate the Space of Small-Scale Art Museums by Using Space Analysis Program - Focused on Body Movement Elements -
Choi, Jin-Seok ; Kim, Moon-Duck ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 59~68
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.059
As the economical and cultural levels become higher, the public have more various and new cultural desires, leading to an increase in the number and kinds of cultural facilities. Out of all the cultural facilities built in such a trend, art museums are the yardstick for a certain nation's cultural level, and the number of art museums is gradually increasing every year in Korea, as a cultural space where the public can make cultural exchanges with artists. On the contrary to the increasing number of art museums, however, the number of art museum visitors is decreasing every year, so various attempts are made to activate art museums in Korea. Thus, this study aims to seek a plan to activate the space of an art museum by improving the physical movement of art museum visitors, especially targeting small-sized ones out of all the art museums in Korea. For accurate analyses and verifications, this study used the visibility-ERAM program. As a result of analyses, this study found out and reconsidered several problems related to the space of art museums, and based on the results, the researcher could verify the related hypotheses, further comprehending possible errors of the proposed solution to those problems and supplement in a short period of time. Since such an analysis method and process has objective accuracy, it is expected that the results of this study will be used as basic data for future plans to activate the space of art museums.
A Study on Design Features of 'Nendo' Furniture
Kim, Ki-Bum ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 68~78
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.068
Nendo, which was established in Tokyo in 2002, is a design company established by Oki Sato, which is gaining reputation as a new design group representing Japan through numerous design tasks encompassing diverse design sectors, such as architecture, interior, furniture, graphic, and products. This study was conducted to investigate the formative features of Nendo furniture by reviewing 133 pieces of Nendo furniture designed for the last ten years and identify the general characteristics of Nendo furniture by reviewing the time of launch, product launch type, and furniture type. As a result, the design features of Nendo furniture are as follows: First, the shapes of basic materials including boards, lumber, and bars are maintained intact and Nendo furniture has simple and moderate design without complicated or decorative elements. Second, Nendo furniture has simply embodied a design characterized by simple transformation, minimization of furniture elements, and rearrangement. Third, Nendo presents new and simple furniture differentiated from other pieces of furniture using optical illusions. Such expressions of optical illusions which are hardly found in preexisting furniture are a major feature of Nendo furniture. Fourth, a majority of chairs of Nendo cause optical illusions with the minimized size. In addition, their top boards made of transparent glass and mirror cause optical illusions with the properties of materials. In short, design of Nendo furniture is characterized by formative expressions, expressions of optical illusions, and differentiated use of materials. Fifth, Nendo keeps launching new furniture items in various exhibitions. As a result, Nendo makes furniture with its own unique characteristics based on its diverse studies and experiments which are applied to furniture design in a realistic way. In summary, design of Nendo furniture is characterized by simply embodied design based on small differences in daily life, minimalism with simple and moderate shapes, and its own witty uniqueness based on formative expressions, expressions of optical illusions, and use of materials differentiated from other furniture brands.
Japanese Mythic Imaginaries and the Symbolic Structure of Traditional Space Designs
Park, Kyung-Ae ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 79~86
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.079
Myths and architectural spaces are cultural products symbolizing ideologies and objects respectively. Myth has the structure and the contents of a unique view of the world that reflects thoughts and representations of the nationalities. This study is about 'the spaces of the memory' adapted by the mythic tradition among many aspects of the Japanese tradition. The process of this study is illustrated as follows: At first, it mentions the concept of Gilbert Durand's mythic imaginaries and prototype with the method on how the myth is applied to the architectural spaces in the cultural context. Secondly, It clarifies basic meaning arrangement of the Japanese traditional spaces related to the myth. It shows sourceful 'prototipical system' that lies in the relation between thoughts and representations, regarding the shinto's spaces in terms of mythical imaginaries and Japanness. Thirdly, it ascertains mythical structure represented in the traditional space designs on terms with 'prototype' from symbolic system of the myth. It selects the cases among Japanese contemporary architects's works designed after 1960's, and analyses the meanings. In conclusion, it clarifies that this way can be a suggestion as the space design method combining the human's imaginary property with the time-stratigraphic region, and offering creative ideas for the strategy of the space design brand image that embraces a wide range of culture, ecology, and sensibility.
A Study on the Spatial Characteristics of Small Houses based on Space Syntax Theory in Japan - Focusing on Comparing with Domestic Apartment Unit Plan -
Shen, Mei-Yu ; Yoon, Choon-Sup ; Kim, Nam-Hyo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 87~94
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.087
To analyze the space features of small-sized detached houses, this study has compared the floor plan types of detached houses and apartments. Currently small-sized detached houses are popular in Korea. The comparative analysis was focused on common residential patterns and the apartment plan. The results of space syntax were summarized as follows: four types of apartments and twelve types of small-sized detached houses were deduced by the relative spatial depth analysis. Among the sixty-seven house samples, only two of them showed the same pattern as those of apartments, which showed that each room of detached houses had distinct difference with those of apartments. According to the integration and control analysis, each space of apartments showed difference within narrow range, while the space of detached housed showed difference within wide range. In addition, the detached houses showed distinct relations between the center of space and the surroundings, and there are distinct differences between the easier layouts for access rooms and difficult ones. Moreover, the living rooms of detached houses somewhat exist under the low integration condition, and they cannot be standardized in the center of house, which are different with those of apartments. The master bedrooms of detached houses exit at the surrounding space same as those of apartments. Nevertheless the toilet is in the master bedroom which made its control lower than those of apartments.
The Relationship Between Interior Style of Residential Space and the Elderly' Cognitive Age - Focused on Bedroom and Living Room -
Oh, Chan-Ohk ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 95~103
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.095
Many housing alternatives and design guidelines for the elderly have been suggested along with the rapid increase of old persons. However, most of them focused on the spatial composition and fixtures. They do not address on interior style which affects on interior mood. The interior style is especially important to the elderly who spend most of their time in indoor space, such as housing unit or nursing home. On the base of these backgrounds, the purpose of this study is to examine what interior style of bedroom and living room where the elderly lives are and whether they are significantly different depending on their cognitive ages, or not. The subject were 202 old persons who lived in Busan. Their ages were more than 65 years. They were interviewed by using 3D images of bedroom and living room. Each one consisted of three interior styles; Korean traditional style, Western classical style, and modern style. The results were as followings; The interior style of bedroom and living room which the old persons lived were different depending on the elderly's cognitive ages. The younger the old persons' cognitive ages were, they lived in bedroom or living room of modern style. Also, the older their cognitive ages were, they lived in bedroom or living room of Korean traditional style. These results show that the cognitive age of the old persons affect the characteristics of interior design which they live. Also, it implies that the elderly are not one homogeneous group, but a heterogeneous one.
A Study on Kitchen Area Change of Domestic Apartment - Focused on 84㎡~102㎡ Condominium from 2001 to 2015 -
Kim, Ga-Young ; Kim, Ji-Eun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 104~112
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.104
This study purposes drawing changing tendency of apartment kitchen areas and character of that by figuring out type, form and per period cause of change of brand apartment kitchen areas. I adopted subject of study as the six leading construction companies considering the apartment rankings of brand and subcontract from 2001 to 2015 when brand apartment was activated(Samsung C&T corporation Raemian, Daelim Industrial Co., Ltd E-pyeonhansesang, Daewoo E&C Prugio, GS E&C XI, Posco E&C The sharp, Hyundai E&C Hillstate) and analyzed kitchen plane of
housing units which were in great demand from apartment housing market. Also, I drew changing trends of kitchen areas by conducting a model house field survey. Through this study result, I will expect the utility of baseline data which is necessary for space development by figuring out kitchen culture, flows and cause of change.
A Study on the Applications of Pattern Language for the Shared Space Design in Apartments
Choi, In-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 113~120
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.113
Apartment is characterized by its various households occupying a unit each in the same building, and its shared space is important in that it supports the living, exchange of information and communication between neighbors, thereby creating a sense of community. This study focused on coming up with designs to vitalize the shared space in the apartment, and to do that, Christopher Alexander's pattern language was applied to analyze the patterns found in the apartment shared space, find improvements and propose the design methods that reflect the unique characteristics of designs in Korea. The study is mainly based on literary review and field research. (1) The definition and composition of shared space and Christopher Alexander's pattern language are examined; (2) The field research is performed to analyze the patterns in the shared space of the apartments that have been planned recently in order to find the problems and elements that can be improved; and The above is reflected and proposed as a design method. The study will help rediscover the significance of space by proposing the methodology for shared space design, encouraging the use of shared space and contributing to the enhancement of community.
A Study on Kitchen Use Behaviors through User Observation - Focused on Small-sized Apartments in Shanghai, China -
Kim, Myoung ; Choi, Kyung-Ran ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 121~128
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.121
As a neighboring country belonged to the same cultural sphere with the Northeast Asia, China is recently emerging as a center of the world's economy. The social transformations caused by the rapid economic growth are bringing changes in the Chinese housing culture and thus, it is considered that the identification of a user's need concerning a new housing space and social and cultural understanding on China are necessary. Accordingly, this research intended to conduct the basic research on the Chinese housing space design by observing the small apartment users in Shanghai area in terms of not only the tangible element of the residential space type but also the intangible elements such as lifestyle, values, behaviors, etc. The research range was limited to the kitchen area at the center of a house as a place where the exchanges among the family members are most frequently occur, and the research was carried out in the following methods. First, the effective user research method for the analysis of the Chinese small apartment kitchen users was studied through the literature investigation. Second, the 6 families of a research target were selected focused on the small apartments in Shanghai, China and the user research was performed using three methods of User observation, Video ethnography, and Contextual inquiry. Third, the research results were analyzed focused on the flow of human traffic in the kitchen area and user's behaviors. What were identified as a result take account of the human traffic movements in the kitchen areas around the sink-counter-cook top, cooking behaviors and meal areas outside of the kitchen. Through this, the need for the effective organization of the sink-counter-cook top, arrangement of meal area, and placement of storage by section for the kitchen space of China were drawn based on the understanding of the cooking process, and it was identified that such results require comprehensive understanding of Chinese housing culture.
Comparative Study of Emotional Vacabulary Appraisals about Health Room Spatial Images between Nations - Focused on Korea and Malaysia -
Neo, Mai ; Oh, Ji-Young ; Lee, Min-Jae ; Soh, Jian Yuan ; Park, Heykyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 129~136
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.129
Korea is changing rapidly from a single-raced nation into a multi-national nation caused by the huge number of immigrants mostly from China, and Southeast Asian countries. Therefore, various social problems are expressed ostensibly, one of them is a difficulty suffered by children of the second generation of multi-cultural families who enroll to elementary schools in Korea. This should be solved urgently as it is predicted to be an unavoidable problem in future. Only by understanding and accepting mutual cultural differences will be the solution to various problems caused by multi-cultural society. This study aims to understand the differences of emotion about the spatial images. This study was target to Korean and Malaysian design students to perform vocabulary appraisals on the spatial images in school health rooms which used to perform various functions for education, counseling, treatment, etc. The emotional vocabularies used at the appraisal for emotion are based on IRI image languages, which were extracted by the experts, and frequency was progressed by the SPSS 12.0 application. The collected data will be compared and analyzed to ensure the reliability.
A Study on the Design Characteristics Evaluation of Ubiquitous Element in the Library
Hwang, Ji-Eun ; Nam, Kyung-Sook ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 137~145
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.137
Ubiquitous technology is currently being introduced to libraries at the fastest speed as compared to other spaces. However, the introduction of ubiquitous technology to the existing analog space is causing problems despite such intelligence of libraries as the design standards for ubiquitous spaces have not been arranged yet. This researcher analyzed and evaluated the characteristics of design from the ubiquitous aspect of the ubiquitous environment-oriented libraries that are still at their initial stage. The subjects for this study were the National Library of Korea, Myongji University Bangmok Library, and Yonsei University Library. The definition and characteristics of the ubiquitous environment libraries were examined through literature review and the standards for design analysis were derived by analyzing previous studies. Case analyses were conducted to evaluate the design elements in the ubiquitous environment libraries based on the field observation, photographing, and interviews with managers. As a result, functionality, safety, cognition and convenience were derived based on the investigation and analysis of previous studies; informativeness, playfulness, security, and simplicity which are the design characteristics were found. As a result of the case studies, while functionality and safety are met in most of the standards for design analysis, universality was very low. Care for minorities is need in a library as it is a space used by many unspecified individuals.
A Study on the Integrated Hybrid Spatial Model for Knowledge Information Institutions - Focused on the User Space of Public Library -
Hwang, Mee-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 146~155
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.146
It is an undeniable fact that the modern people's interest in knowledge and information and their roles are some of the core factors used to define the modern society. Besides, as phenomena indicating and leading the modern society, we have fusion, hybrid and convergence, etc. that combine several different elements into a new one. Such changes in social, cultural and technological circumstances require a paradigm shift for the composition of knowledge and information facilities and space. However, more diversified and advanced recently, interfaces for the delivery of knowledge and information cause users to show new behaviors and even change the spatial concept with space composition elements hybridized. Especially for the space of libraries, it is necessary to access and utilize any forms of knowledge and information data (digital + analog) regardless of time and space limitations and approach with an integrated spatial concept likely to change flexibly depending on social demands. In this light, this study aims to make a basic proposal for sustainable integrated-type hybrid space for the space of a public library in this era of knowledge and information. Particularly, this study intends to seek a way to establish a hybrid space model that can effectively converge the most important factors of the space of libraries (human-space(network)-information). With 18 different cases, this study analyzed knowledge and information composition systems, knowledge and information delivery systems and users' space systems. As a result, this study extracted 3 kinds of models, an information-based model, a culture-based model and an education-based model, with the integrated hybrid space model of knowledge and information facilities
A Study on the Functional Area Composition and Correlation Factors of Elderly Care Floor in Nursing Home
Yoon, So-Hee ; Kim, Suk-Tae ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 156~164
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.156
Nursing Homes do not have a defined standard in the space area nor does it have a detailed standard facility requirement by law. This can possibly lead to the deterioration of the facility and the system. This directly affects the medical treatment space area within the nursing home. The medical treatment area provides medical treatment to seniors and this is where the seniors get most of their daily services. Therefore, this is research is about the study of the space area of the medical center and the ratio trend of the space area for the medical treatment facility located in senior nursing homes. Ten facilities have been selected in this study to analyze the correlation factors between space area and its trends. The analysis performed includes the conditions relating to the area and what affects the center. We have followed up with a proposal for improvement of the facility and area configuration for the medical treatment facility. Based on the analysis, the following conclusion can be made: First, the senior welfare centers are mostly used as a residence purpose followed a temporary stay of residence facility for the seniors. Second, research indicates that the bigger the facility, nursing and public functions took a larger portion of the space area compared to other services within the senior welfare centers. Third, the study shows the management space area took up about 1%~6% of the entire medical center within the nursing home which is a narrow space area because of the integrated management. Fourth, analysis based on the trend in the time-series indicate after the adoption of the system, there is a continued decline in the space area of nursing, management and public areas. Lastly, since before and after 2008, the space area composition of the nursing facility shows a continuous decline in our study. We can safely conclude that the revised senior welfare act's construction plan has an effect in the facility and is effectively working to meet its requirement. Therefore, the revision of the law is required to reflect the social needs of the residents.
A Study on the Environmental Evaluation of the Elderly's Day Care Center
Park, Sung-Jun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 165~175
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.165
Korean medical welfare facilities for the elderly provide the conveniences to care geriatric illness such as dementia and stroke. The medical welfare facility categorizes elderly care facilities, nursing homes, and geriatrics hospitals based on the Korean welfare of the aged act. The government makes an effort to secure feed rate and finances of medical welfare facilities. However, the qualitative improvement of facilities is inadequate. The purpose of this study is to analyze the conditions and problems of existing facilities using an environmental evaluation and to discuss the improvement direction related to the daycare centers for the elderly. The method of this study is literature review and field survey. Firstly, we analyzed the previous studies to develop the tool, evaluating the environment of day care centers for the old. Secondly, the items of environmental evaluation are deduced. Thirdly, we select the facilities to conduct field survey and analyze the results of field survey. Lastly, We discussed the problems and improvement directions through the results. It is judged that this study is an useful as the basic guideline to strengthen the minimum legal standards of day care center for the elderly due to the suggestion of insufficient environmental evaluation items.
A Study on the Leisure Programs and Programs Organization of Space in Senior Welfare Center according to Senior Citizens' Changed Life Style - Focused on the case of Gwangju Metropolitan City -
Ju, Hyun-Jin ; Moon, Jeong-Min ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 176~185
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.176
Senior citizens' new life style has appeared according to the massive retirement of the baby boom generation since 2010. Consequently, Senior Welfare Centers, the provider of elderly leisure programs, has been asked for the programs and spaces which are able to meet the changing life style of the elderly. This study focuses on the survey for current status of leisure programs in accordance with the changing life style and on the investigation for sensible usage of space in senior welfare centers in Gwangju Metropolitan city. The result shows the portion of the programs which every center provides is quite different according to the life style. The program types for challenge and utility are provided 192 times a week and the program types for health and sociality 133 times a week. Both types shows high frequency of supply and use of the program especially 85 times of information-oriented education, 64 times of musical instruments, and 42 times of foreign language are supplied vividly. On the contrary, the program types for fashion and self-management and the program types for volunteer work and achievement are insufficient, so It should be reconsidered to establish the programs and to supply the space for the program from now on. The current status for spatial usage shows that most of the centers share a space for several programs. It means that the space of the Senior Welfare Center is limited and various programs should be run in the narrow space. High frequency programs like the program types for challenge and utility secure sufficient spaces not to miscarry the use for the programs. The center of case B has well equipped and large space and provides proper space for each programs to meet the demand of the senior citizens. Like these, Senior Welfare Centers in Gwangju Metropolitan city have supported Senior citizens' Life Style by supplying various leisure programs to meet the demand for it. This research could be used as the basis for the programs about the spatial utilization in accordance with various future life style of Senior citizens'.
A Study on Elderly Nursing Home Design Direction Based on Yalom's Existential Psychotherapy
Chung, Miryum ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 186~196
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.186
This research comprehended the fundamental cause of elderly nursing home residents' negative feelings of loneliness, depression, fear, and loss of self-usefulness as existential issue, since they already went through loss, death of loved ones, geriatric disease and disability. The purpose of this research is to explore how existentialism and existential psychotherapy theory of Irvin D. Yalom can be applied to nursing home environment design, and to suggest design directions. Based on his framework of human's ultimate interest, death, freedom followed by responsibility, isolation, and meaninglessness, interior design suggestions and applicable spaces were presented. Four cases from Australia, Denmark, Japan and Korea were analyzed according to design suggestions to grasp the current situation and to draw further proposition. The conclusions are as follows. (1)Environment should support nursing home residents to resolve existential issues. (2)Death is the least supported issue on all of the cases. Environmental elements that can induce residents to think and discuss on death, hospice program and space for memorial service is necessary. (3)Regarding to freedom, the environment should support resident's disability to maintain independence as much as possible and residents autonomy and decision should be respected. Single/double rooms, motorized bed, free and safe usage of kitchen and garden are necessary. (4)For isolation, Space and time for meditation should be provided. (5)To find meaning of life, environment should support residents in both physical and cognitive aspect so that they can contribute to others. Space for hobby is necessary for continued creativity and self-realization.
A Study on the Characteristics of Architectural Planning in the Youth Training Center
Lee, Wan-Geon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 197~204
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.197
This study investigated the characteristics of architectural planning in the youth training centers, which were introduced to the magazines from 2000 to 2010. The result are as followings. Firstly, the youth training centers were located mainly in general residential area, that the youth could be easily accessible. And, it were located mainly in green natural area, which is adjacent to the mountain or park. The site area of the youth training center was analyzed to approximately
below. Secondly, the placement and the form of the youth training center is divided two types, which are a single and two buildings type. A single building case is found the type of 'ㄴ' and 'ㄷ' shape, and two buildings case is found the type of 'ㄴ + ㅡ', 'opened ㅁ', 'ㅡ + ㅡ' shape. It is found mostly the type of 'ㄷ' shape. Thirdly, the youth training center is planned mostly with fifth stories above ground and three underground levels. And, sometimes it is planned a mixed-use buildings with a sports center, community center and senior welfare center. Lastly, the space of youth training center is zoned horizontally for each mass of building, which is planned the educational, cultural and sports facilities. And, it is zoned vertically some of the sports facilities and administrative support facilities in the underground, and a educational and cultural facilities on the ground.
A Study on setting the Environment of Inclusive Playground Including Disabled Children and Children without Disabilities (including at-risk children) based on J. Ayres' Sensory Integration Theory
Kim, Naeri ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 205~212
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2015.24.3.205
This study starts at the at-risk children(the students in the margins)' needs for the inclusive education environment who increased lately. It is studied in the limited scope, which is about spacially 'playground' and 'Sensory integrative therapy' in terms of the special education therapy. The 6 environmental setting principles are suggested, which is redefined in terms of suitable for applying to the environment design based on the training way and arbitration principle of J. Ayres' Sensory integrative therapy. And then various environment design methods are drawn from above-mentioned 6 principles, they are categorized in 4 elements for environmental setting - sensory element, behavior element, mental element and design expression element. This trial brings daily practice of therapeutic stimulate to sensory integration dysfunction children, and sensory experiential diversity promoting development to general children. Expecially it has some advantage that at-risk children(the students in the margins) feel a sense of belonging as a member of society.